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THE 



WILTSHIRE 
Archaeological & Natural History 

MAGAZINE. 



^nbli&ijeif nnhev ttje ^iveciion of t^c ^ccietu 



FORMED IN THAT COUNTY, A.D. 1853. 



Edited by Rev. E. H. Goddard, Clyffe Vicarage, Swindon. 



VOL. XLI. 



1920—1921—1922. 




DEVIZES : 
C. H. Woodward, Exchange Buildings, Station Road. 



June, 1922. 



GOISTENTS OF VOL. XLI. 



No. CXXXII, June, 1920. 

The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50 : [Parliamentary Surveys 
(Lambeth) Vol. XIV., &c.] Communicated by the Ven. 

Akchdeacon E. J. BoDiNGTON {continued) 1—39 

East Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, and Lichens : By Cecil P. 

Hurst « 40—52 

Wiltshire Newspapers—Past and Present. Part III. {continued). 
The Newspapers of South Wilts : By Mrs. Herbert 
Richardson, B.A., Sometime Scholar of St. Hugh's College, 

Oxford = 53—69 

Wilts Obituary 70—78 

Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles 78—98 

Additions to the Museum and Library 98—100 

Accounts of the Society for the Year 1919 101—104 

No. CXXXIII. December, 1920. 

The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50: Parliamentary Surveys 
(Lambeth) Vol. XIV., &c.] : Communicated by the Ven. 

Archdeacon E, J. Bodington {concluded) 105—128 

Notes on the Rural Deaneries of Marlborough and Cricklade, 

1812: Communicated by the Rev. G. F. Tanner 129—136 

East Wiltshire Mollusca: by Cecil P. Hurst, Member of the 

Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland ,,,... 137 — 150 

The Excavation of a LaterRoman Well at Cunetio (Mildenhall) : 

By J. W. Brooke, F.S.A., Scot., F.R.N.S 151—152 

Notes on the Pottery from a Well on the Site of " Cunetio " 

[Mildenhall], near Marlborough: By Mrs. M. E. Cunnington 153— 159 
The Sixty-Seventh General Meeting of the Wiltshire Archae- 
ological and Natural History Society, held at Devizes in 
conjunction with the Royal Archaeological Institute, July 20th 

to 24th, 1920 = 160—171 

Notes 171—194 

Wilts Obituary 194—196 

Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Artiqles , 197—213 

Wiltshire Portraits 214—215 

Gifts to the Museum and Library 215 — 216 

No. CXXXIV. June, 1921. 

The Society's MSS. Abstract of Copies of Court Rolls and other 
Documents relating to the Manors of Bradford & Westwood : 

By the Rev. A. W. Stote, F.S.G., Lond 217—263 

East Wiltshire Rust Fungi : By Cecil P. Hurst 264—271 

Roman Wanborough : By A. D. Passmore 272—280 



IV. CONTENTS OF VOL. XLI. 

The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Burbage : By O. G. S. 

Ceawford 281—301 

Wilts Obituary 302—308 

Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles 308—323 

Books, Pamphlets, and Articles by Wiltshire Authors 323 — 329 

Additions to Museum and Library 329—330 

Accounts of the Society for the Year 1920 331—334 

No. CXXXV. December, 1921. 

The Place- Names of Wiltshire: By G. B. Grundy, D. Litt 335—353 

East Wiltshire Plant-Galls : By Cecil P. Hurst 354—364 

Stone Implements of Uncommon Type found in Wiltshire : By 

the Rev. E. H. Goddard 365—377 

The Sixty- Eighth General Meeting of the Wiltshire Archaeological 

History Society, held at Warminster, July 27th to 29th, 1921 378—388 

Notes on Koman Finds in North Wilts: By A. D. Passmore ... 389—395 
Wansdyke, its Course through E. and S. E. Wiltshire : By Albany 

F. Major, O.B.E 396—406 

King's Bowood Park [No. I.] : By The Earl of Kerry 407—423 

Notes 424—435 

Wilts Obituary 435—440 

Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles 440—448 

Additions to Museum and Library 449 — 540 

No. CXXXVI. June, 1922. 

Notes on the Ecclesiastical History of Wroughton, its Rectors and 
Vicars: Compiled by Mrs. T. Story MASKELYNEand the Rev. 
Canon Manley 451—478 

Wiltshire Newspapers— Past and Present. Part III. (continued). 
The Newspapers of South Wilts. By Mrs. Herbert 
Richardson, B.A., sometime Scholar of St. Hugh's College, 
Oxford..... 479—501 

King's Bowood Park [No. II.] : By The Earl of Kerry 502—522 

The Devil's Den Dolmen, Clatford Bottom. An Account of the 
Monument and of Work undertaken in 1921 to Strengthen 
the North-East Upright: By A. D. Passmore 523—530 

Index to Vol XLI 531—606 

Illustrations. 

Plates I.— IV., Pottery from a Well on the Romano-British Site at Milden- 
hall (" Cunetio ''), 156. Iron Hipposandal and Cleats. Wanborough, 278. 
Map of Extent of the Roman ISettlement at Lower Wanborough, 278. 
Roman Objects from Wanborough, 279. Map to illustrate the Anglo- 
Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Burbage, 281 . Wiltshire Stone Implements 
(2 Plates), 365. Roman bronze balance from St. Margaret's, Marlborough, 
392. Map : Bowood Park, showing the ten divisions made by the Par- 
liamentary Survey in 1653, 407. Plan of Bowood House, 522. Devil's Den. 
Figs. 1—6. Views of Dolmen and Works of Strengthening, 527 — 530. 




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^i 



No. CXXXII. 



JUNE, 1920. 



Vol. XLI. 



THE 



WILTSHIRE 

Archaeological & Natural History 

MAGAZINE, 

Published under the Direction of the 

SOCIETY F E M E D IN THAT COUNTY, 
A.D. 18 5 3. 



EDITED BY 

REV. E. 11. UODDAIJD, C]ytfe Vicarage, 8wi.idon 



[The authors of the papers printed in this " Magazine'' are alone responsible for all 
statements made therein.] 




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Printed and sold for the Society by 0. H. AVoodwahd 

Exchange Buildings, Station Koad. 



Price 5s. 6d. Members^ Gratis. 



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WILTSHIRE 
Archaeological & Natural History 

AGAZINE. 



No CXXXII. JUNE, 1919. Vol. XLI. 



Conkiits. 



PAGE. 



The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50 : [ParJiamentary 
Surveys (Lambeth) Vol. XIV., &c.] Communicated by the 
Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Eodington fcontiiiued) 1 — 39 

East Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, and Lichens : By Cecil 

P. Hurst 40—52 

Wiltshire Newspapers— Past and Present. Part IIL 
(continued). The Newspapers of South Wilts : By 
Mrs. Herbert Richardson, B.A., sometime Scholar of St. 
Hugh's College, Oxford „ 53—69 

Wilts Obituary 70—78 

Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles 78—98 

Additions to the Museum and Library 98—100 

Accounts of the Society for the Year 1919.. 101 — 104 



Devizes:-— C. H. Woodward, Exchange Buildings, Station Koad. 



THE 



WILTSHIRE MAGAZINE. 



" multoeum: manibus grande levatur onus." — Ovid. 
No. CXXXII. June, 1920. Vol. XLI. 

THE CHUECH SUKVEY IN WILTS, 1649—50, 
[Parliamentary Surveys (Lambetli), Vol. XIV,, &c.] 

Communicated by the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 

Parochial Surveys. 

(Continued from Vol, x]., p. 41 6. j 
Liberata fuit Curise vicesimo quinto die Novembris,' 1650. 

Chippenham Division in Com. Wilts.' The Presentment of the 
Jurors hereafter mencioned Inhabitants of and within the several] hundreds 
of Chippenham Malmesbury Calne and Damerham North giuen vnto 
William Shute and William Mountjoye Esquires Richard Scott John Hunt 
and Adam Golding^ gent. Fiue of the Commissioners of Parliament for the 
said Countye vpon the sixteenth of September 1650 touching the service 
required concerning Parsonages Viccarages and the Incumbentes in such 
manner and forme as is hereafter mencioned (vizt.) 

CHIPPENHAM HUNDEED. 

Chippenham Parish. That Chippenham is a great parish and thorough 
fare from London and Bristoll and that the yearly value of the Viccarage 
there is Six pounds thirteen shillings and foure pence or thereabouts, And 
that the Parsonage or Viccarage of Tytherton Lucas distant neere two 
miles from Chippenham both of the guift from Christ Church in Oxford 
being annexed to the Viccaridge of Chippenham is worth Fortye pounds 
per annum or thereabouts And that Mr. Jonathan Gyer is the present 
Incumbent and receiveth the proffitts of eyther place constantly supplying 

' Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys. Vol. XIV., pp. 451, seq. The returns 
in these Hundreds seem much abbreviated, few remarks being made upon 
the incumbents and in most cases the names of the patrons of the livings 
omitted. These last are in many cases inserted in the Lansdown MS. 459. 

^ Sic, but in the copy of the signatures at the end the name is written 
»'Gouldney." 

VOL. XLI.— NO. CXXXII. B 



2 The CJmrcli Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

both cures for the most parte by preaching every Sabaoth daye in the 
niorninge att Chippenham and in the afternoone at Tytherton. And the 
Inhabitants of Chippenham doe thinck fitt and convenient that Tytherton 
Lucas may be a sufficient place by Itself e for a Minister and doe desire an 
augmentacion of maintenance for their Minister answerable to soe great a 
charge and cure of soules consisting of about two thousand. And that the 
tythes of the disaflforested grounds of the late Forest of Pewsham maye be 
annexed towards the Incumbents better maintenance. 

Titherton Lucas. Titherton Lucas and Titherton Kelway is but one 
tything. And the desire of the Inhabitants is It may be made one parish 
where att present It doth belong to foure parishes (vizt.) I^arte of Tytherton 
Jjucas vnto Chippenham some parte to Langley Burrell (Keilways being a 
parish of it selfe) butt the Church is Falne into decaye there having beene 
no Minister for foure yeares past, the other Tytherton ia part of Bremble^ 
pari&h. That there is a church at Tytherton Lucas with all church officers 
the minister of Chippenham being Parson and Viccar there and the Gleabe 
Land there worth twelve pounds per annum And the whole profitts worth 
Fortye pounds per annum or thereabouts. And the profitts of Chippenham 
as they beleiue not exceeding six pounds Thirteen shilhngs and Foure 
pence. That the Minister of Chippenham is also Minister of Tytherton 
Lucas preacheth constantly every LordsDaye in the Morning att Chippenham 
and in the afternoone att Tytherton Ijucas vnles prevented by the Rysing 
of the waters Many times so hapning that he cannot come thither for 
three weekes together for which Reason and for that Tytherton is neere 
two myles distant from l^remble Keilwayes Church decayed some parte of 
the parish of Langley in Titherton Lucas distant neere two myles from 
that parish church and the Inhabitants there hindered from going thither 
by Reason of the waters for a monthes space All the Inhabitants of the 
Fowre places aforesaid doe desire that they may be vnited and annexed to 
Tytherton Lucas And that made a parish church. 

West Kinton Is both a parsonage and a Viccarige the value thereof 
one hundred pounds per annum or thereabouts And that Robert Dauenant 
Clerke is the present Incumbent and proprietor of the Proffittes. 

Iiacock is a Viccarige worth Fortye pounds per Annum or thereabouts 
with Cure of Soules, And that Mr. John Barnes is present Incambent and 
hath or ought to have and receive the profitts to his owne vse. 

Colerne. There is one Parsonage sine cura and one Viccarige for the 
maintenance of a Minister worth neare Fifte poundes per annum. The' 
Parsonage in possession of George Marshall Warden of New Colledge in 
Oxford who Receiues the profitts thereof and there is noe present Incum- 
bent their sometimes Viccar named Mr. Huggins'-^ is lately deceased and 
the presentation is from the said Warden. 

North WraxaU. Is a Parsonage worth fowrescore pounds per annum 
And that Thomas Blanchard Clerke Receiveth the profitts thereof to his 
owne vse. 

Box. Is a Viccarige presentative worth Fowrescore pounds per annum. 

^Bremhill. ^ Instituted 1603 



Coinmunicated hy the Ven. Arcltdeacon E. J. Bodington. 3 

Walter Bushnell clerke is the present Incumbent and Receiveth the profitts 
to his owne vse. And that the Parsonage of Haselburye being neare therevnto 
where noe constant preaching Minister is thought fit to be annexed to the 
Viccarige of Box which Parsonage is neare worth twentye pounds per 
annum. 

Bidstoue. Is both a Viccarige and a Parsonage the Viccarige called 
Bidstone St. Nicholas which William Mountjoye hath right to present the 
Parsonage in the guifte of the Lords Com'* Keepers of the Greate Seale of 
England called Bidstone St. Peeters the Viccarige valued att six pounds 
and the parsonage att thirteene pounds the whole nineteene pounds per 
annum, Mr. William Blackewaye is the Minister and supplieth the 
Cure for both and lle<)eiveth the profitts of both the Parsonage and the 
Vicarrige being not above two furlongs distant And the Inhabitants there 
doe thincke fitt that Bidstone St. Peeters be vnited and annexed vnto 
Bidstone St Nicholas as it hath ever vsually beene and that made one 
one parish church wherevnto the parishioners of Bidstone St. Peeters resorte 
approued of to be a Godly minister.^ 

Slaughterford. Is a Viccarige in the guift of Mr. William Mountjoye 
worth about Fowre pounds. There is not any Incumbent (the profitts 
thereof being so small) And it is desired that the same may be vnited to 
Bidstone St. Nicholas aforesaid. 

Kingswood. There is a Chappell and six pounds thirteene shillings and 
fowre pence allowed for the sallarye and stipend of the Curate. And that 
there is noe settled Minister. 

Sherston Magna. Is a Viccarige worth thirtye eight pounds per 
annum or thereabouts And that Henry Hayes is the present Incumbent 
and doth lleceiue the profitts thereof to his owne vse and approued of by vs. 

Yatton Keynell. Is a Parsonage worth Fowre score pounds per 
annum. And that Mr. William Stump is the present Incumbent and 
lleceiveth the proffitts both of the Gleabe worth thirty five pounds per 
annum and of the Tythes worth Forty five pounds per annum wee cannot 
free him from scandall. 

Castleoomb. Is a parsonage valued at Sixtye pounds per annum and 
Mr. lloger Flower is the present Incumbent and doth Receive the proffitts 
thereof to his owne vse : he maketh vse of other mens workes by reading 
them in th*e Pullpitt. 

Sopworth. Is a parsonage amountinge to about Forty and five pounds 
per annum. And that Mr. John Waterman is the present Incumbent ap- 
proued of by vs. 

Hardenhuish. Is a parsonage worth thirtye pounds per annum And 
that Mr. Eyre is the present Incumbent. 

Iiangley Bnrrell. Is a parsonage presentative The present Incumbent 
Thomas VVeb Minister who doth or may Receive the profhtts thereof worth 
one hundred pounds per annum whome wee cannot free from scandall. 

liUckington. Is a Rectorye or parsonage worthy Fiftye pounds per 

^ '1 he foregoing paragraph is so tvorded in the MS. 

B 2 



4 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

annum or thereabouts. Alderton ia the nearest adjacent parish distant 
half a myle from thence. And that Mr. Nicholas Waddington is the present 
Incumbent of Luckington and receiveth the proffitta approued of by vs. 

Alderton. Is a parsonage impropriate And that Mr. Elyas Tyce doth 
serve the Cure there and bath twentye pounds per annum salary for serving 
the same and is a constant preacher there. 

Ditcheridge. Is a parsonage and Viccarige valued att Eleaven pounds 
per annum, the Gleabe Landes valued att six pounds : the present In- 
cumbent is Richard Bridges clerk who Receiveth the profhtts thereof And 
the Inhabitants there doe thincke fitt the same to be vnited to Colerne 
which is neare adiacent to them. 

iBremble. Is a Parsonage or Viccarige formerly of the Donation of 
the Bishop of this Dyocess whereof Mr. James Crump is the present Incum- 
bent. There is allso one Chappell in Foxham within the said Parish distant 
about two myles from the Parish Church the Cure whereof is served by Mr. 
Thomas Colly er the yearely value of which said Parsonage or Viccarige is 
worth one hundred and three score pounds per annum out of which value 
one Fifte parte is paid to Mrs. Townesend the former Incumbents wife be- 
sides twenty poundes per annum towards the maintenance of St. Mary's 
Church in Sarum. And over that Mr. Thomas Collier hath received of 
of the said Mr. Crump sixteene pounds per annum for serving the Cure in 
Foxham chappell which the Inhabitants do think fitt the same should 
continue as now It is And further the said Mr. Crump doth receive the 
proffitts of the same Parsonage or Viccarige (excepting onely of that parte 
which S"'. Edward Baynton receives worth about nyne pounds per annum) 
And that the said Mr. Collier receiveth three pounds per annum more in 
the whole- nyneteene poundes per annum for his serving the said Cure. 
The said Mr. Crump is approved of by vs. 

Lydallmore^. The value of that benefice is threescore pounds per 
annum. Mr. Phillip Kinsman is the present Incumbent one that Readeth 
such things as he deliuereth in the pulpitt. 

Estongrey. Is a parsonage worth thirtye pounds per annum. Mr. 
John Newland is possessed of the Parsonage house by the consent of the 
maior parte of the parish for three yeares last past vnto [whom ?] some-have 
paid their Tithes and some others have deteyned theirs to their own vse. 
And that one Mr. Jones hath lately come into the parish contrarye to the 
consent aforesaid and hath there officiated for two Lords dayes. And which 
of them ought to be presented the Incumbent is left to the Judgement of 
the Lawe. 

Littleton drew. Is a parsonage and was of the guift of the late Bishop 
of Sarum worth Forty pounds per annum whereof Mr. George Russell is 
the present Incumbent and receiveth the proffitts to his owne vse and Re- 
puted to be of an honest life and conversation and approved of by vs. 

Corsham. Is a Viccarige presentative worth Fifty pounds per annum 
whereof Mr. Edward Dyer is the present Incumbent And doth Receive the 

^ Bremhill. "^ I^eigh Delamere. 



I 



Commmiicated ly the Ven. Arclideacon E. J. Bodingion. 5 

proffitts thereof to his owns vsa. And that the Church there is supply ed 
by the constant preachinge of the said Mr. Dyer. 

Avon. There is neyther Church nor Chappell but a small parsonage of 
Tenn pounds per annum or thereabouts parte of the proffitts thereof Edward 
Hungerford of Cadman^ Esquire Receiveth and parte thereof Mr. Dolman 
of Christian Malford Receiveth And all the Inhabitants there are 
parishioners to Christian Malford. 



MALMESBUEY HUNDEED. 

Maltiiesburie Parisli. That there is a Viccarige with Cure of Soules 
the value thereof heretofore worth Fifty five pounds per annum. And 
that Mr. Hobert Harpur is the present Incumbent there and serveth the 
cure butt doth Receive little of the Tythes and benefitts as it is conceiued) 
a great [partp whereof is deteyned by the Inhabitants of Rodborne and 
Corston where are two chappells standing about a myle and a halfe from 
Malmesburye the cure whereof is supplyed by Mr. Symon Gawen who 
Receiveth (as it is supposed) the proffitts or else not certeinely knowne 
what Salary the said Mr. Gawen hath by the yeare And that the said 
Chappells formerly have been supplied by a Curate att the appointment of 
the Viccar of the parish Church of Malmesburye. And the Inhabitants of 
Malmesbury doe thinck fitt the aforesaid Chappells to continue vnited to 
the aforesaid Parish Church and not to be deuided. Butt wee the Jurors 
doe not approue of such vniting butt that Rodbourne and Corston ii^iaye be 
vnited and made one parish by It selfe for the reasons hereafter following 

Hodborne. Gorston. Are two distinct Chappells the one in Rodborne 
and the other in Corston and some parte of the profitts of the said Viccarige 
is received by Mr. Symon Gawen who oflficiates there And that there is 
noe settled Incumbent ^butt onely the said Mr. Gawen att the request of 
the greatest parte of the Inhabitants there officiates the Cure receyuing for 
his Salary suche part of the tythes there as the Inhabitants are pleased to 
pay him which is about thirteen pounds per annum And further thsy 
thinck fitte that those chappells be taken from the said parish Church 
both of them distant from thence two myles and vpwards and a River 
'unning betweene that in wynter the Inhabitants are not able to pass thither 
And that the said Chappells lying so neare together may be vnited. 

Sutton Beugsr. Is a Viccarige with cure of Soules now or Lately 
worth twenty pounds per annum Besides the yearely Kent of nyne pounds 
heretofore paid to the late Deane and chapiter of Sarum hath beene by late 
order from the committee of this Countye conferred vpon the present 
incambent Mr. John Ferris whoe is the present proprietor of the proffitts of 
of the said Viccarige. 

Seagrey. Is a Viccarige worth tenn pounds per annum And that 
Edward Bridges Gierke is the present Viccar and Incumbent there 

' Cadenham. ^ Omitted in MS. 



6 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

Brockenborrowe. With the parish of Charleton belonged to West- 
porte' in Malmesburye the Tythes Impropriate belongs to the Earle of 
Berks. The Viccarige is presentative And the presentation since the King's 
decease belongs to the said Earle And that Mr. Trencheard is the present 
Incumbent who receiveth the proffitts thereof being twentye pounds per 
annum to his owne vse And that the said Parish Church is more then a 
myle distant from any other Parish Church there being many people of 
that congregation And therefore In expressing of their great greefe and 
by Reason of their weake and many tymes no supplye which they had for 
manie yeares by Reason of the three Churches belonging to one Minister 
the earnest desire of the Inhabitants there is, That their parish be a Parish 
of Itselfe and not annexed to any other. 

Dracott Cei'iie. Is a Rectorye or Parsonage the profitts of the Gleabe 
and of the Tythes doe amount vnto Pifftye pounds per annum. Mr. Thomas 
Fidoe is the Rector there. And Mr. Thomas Power is his Curate out of 
which Fiftye pounds per [annumP Mr. Thomas Power receiveth five and 
twentye pounds Iper annum for his salarye in serving the Cure And Mrs 
Rand the precedent Rectors wife receiueth thirteene pounds per annum for 
a Fifth parte thereof Soe that vnto Mr. Fido belonges onely butt twelue 
pounds per annum'out of the said profitts being A Godly Man. 

Soiuerford Magna. Is a parsonage the Value one hundred Pounds 
per annum Samuel Kynnaston Gierke is the present Incumbent. And 
Receiveth the Tythes thereof to his vse. 

Dauntsey. Is a Parsonage the yeareley value thereof eightye pounds per 
annum. Doctor Cheshire is the present Incumbent proprietor and possei^sor 
of the said Parsonage aud doth Receive the proffitts of the same.. 

Poxley. Is a parsonage worth Fiftye pounds per annum. William 
Hart clerke present Incumbent there Receiveth the Tythes for his owne 
vse (as it isiconceyued) And is halfe a myle distant from the parish Church 
of Bremnam. The said Mr. Harte is approved of by vs. 

Bremnam.^ Is a parish Church And a Parsonage. Mr. Edward Bridges 
is Minister there And receiveth the proffitts being worth sixteene pounds 
per annum or thereabouts and preacheth thereabout fower tymes in the 
yeare being halfe a myle distant from Foxley and being of such small 
distance Bremnam stands very convenient to be annexed to Foxley which 
is the greater Parish. 

Long Newneton. Is a Parsonage worth Fortye pounds per annum 
and that Mr. George Estcourte is the present Incumbent and Receiveth 
the profitts thereof. 

^ It is strange that no report is made upon Westporte parish. Both 
before and after this period the Vicarage of St. Mary Westport has had 
attached to it the two Chapelries of Charlton and Brokenborough. West- 
port Church was destroyed during one of the attacks upon Malmesbury in 
the Civil Wars, but a return upon the income of the living should have 
been given. 

' Omitted in MS. ^ Bremhilham. 



Communicated by the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 7 

Kemble & Ewen, Kemble is a Viccarige and Ewen a Parsonage the 
Viccarige worth Sixteene pounds per annum and the Parsonage worth 
thirtye pounds per annum. And the Gleabe belonginge to the Parsonage 
worth foure pounds per annum in the whole FifFtye pounds per Annum. 
Thomas Thacke is the Incumbent and Receiveth the proffitts thereof. 

Ashley. Is a parsonage of the yearely value of Fortye pounds (as It is 
adjudged) and that John Barrett clerke is the present Incumbent and 
receiveth the Tythes to his owne proper vse. 

Charleton. Is a Viccarage and a faire and large Parish Church the 
Gleabe Lands to the same worth fortye marks per annum and the privye 
Tythes worth Fortye pounds per annum And that Mr. William VVhittley' 
is the Viccar and in possession of the said Viccarige And receiveth the 
proffitts to the same belonging. 

Crudwell. Is a parish Church whereof Mr. George Neuill is the present 
Incumbent. And that the Gleabe Lands and other proffitts thereof are neere 
worth fowerscore and sixteene pounds per annum. 

Honckerton. Is a Viccarige of the value of Five and Fortye pounds 
per annum. And that Mr. William Beale is the now Incumbent 
and doth receive the proffitts to his owne vse Butt the Cure is supplyed by 
John Beale sonne vnto the said William Beale, 

Horton. Is a Viccarige worth twenty pounds per annum or thereabouts 
And that Mr, Coxe is the present Incumbent and Jleceiveth the profitts, 
being A godly man. 

Garsdon. Is a Parsonage with cure of Soules. And that there is one 
Chappell therevnto belonging within a myle distance called the Lea, the 
value of the Parsonage of the said Parish Church by Common Estimacion 
is Fortye pounds per annum. And that John Hieron clerke is the present 
Incumbent and wee the Jurors doe thincke fitt that Garsdon may be a 
sufficient place of It self for the maintenance of a Minister without addition 
of any other place. 

Lea and CleTierton. There is A' Parish Church belonging to these 
Tythings the true value of the Viccarige house and Glebe worth tw^entye 
pounds per annum and the Viccars tythes Thirtye pounds per annum. 
Mr. Hieron is the Incumbent and receiveth the proffitts the Church standeth 
very convenient for the parish and the inhabitants doe desire that Lea and 
Cleuerton maye be made an Intire and distinct thinge by it selfe as formerly 
It hath beene without any Relation to Garsdon. 

Hullavington. Is a Viccarige valued to be worth forty fine pounds 
per annum or thereabouts. William Latimer ^cleike is the present 
Incumbent and Receives the Tythes to his owne vse. 

Poole. Is a parsonage of the late King's guifte worth Fiftye pounds 
per annum or thereabouts the present Incumbent is Mr. John Ferreby 
senior who taketh the proffitts thereof to his owne vse. 

Oaksie, Okesie is a parsonage the value of the Gleabe and Tythes worth 

^ The name is Mattheiv in Phillipps' Wilts Inst, and in the Malmesbury 
Abbey Registers where he is mentioned as taking several baptisms. 



8 The Ch%irch Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

f ower score and Five pounds per annum the present Incumbent is Mr Thomas 
Ellson who receives the profitts to his owne vse ovt of which Mr. John 
Ferrebye junior for serving vnder Mr. Ellson receiveth twenty pounds per 
annum. 



ADHUC DE MALMESBUEY HUNDEED. 

Stanton Qnlntin. Is a Parsonage valued att one hundred pounds 
per Annum M r. John Hodges is the present incumbent placed there by order 
of Parliament And the Parsonage valued att one hundred pounds per 
annum and the Church landes att six shillings per annum. And that the said 
Mr. Hodges receiveth the proffitts of the Parsonage (paying the Fifte parte 
thereof vnto Mrs. Chamberleine^ the wife of the Precedent Eector) and 
supplyeth the Cure. And is a Godly able Man and well approved of by Vs. 

Mintye. Is a viccarige And that one Benard Wayte is the present 
Incumbent and receives the proffitts thereof for the most parte arysing in 
the County of Gloucester worth Five and Fitye pounds per annum onely 
th6 Viccarige house and gleabe Lands lying and being in the County of 
Wilts by estimacion Fowre pounds per annum. 

Brinckworfch. Is a parsonage worth two hundred pounds per annum 
and that Mr. John Harding Doctor of Divinitye doth supply the Cure and 
doth paye the Fifte parte of the proffitts thereof vnto Doctor Dowdeswell 
the precedent parson and the Residue doth receiue to his owne vse who is 
approued of by vs. 

Somerford Parva. Is a parsonage reputed to be worth Fowrescore 
pounds per annum. And that John Palmer clarke is the present Incumbent 
and receiveth the profitts. 



CAXNE HUNDEED, 

Calne. Is a Parsonage consisting of a Viccaridge worth thirtye fiue 
pouiids per annum. And that Mr. William Mortimer is the present In- 
cumbent And doth receiue the profitts thereof besides twelue pounds per 
annum for his Salarye out of the Parsonage of Calne. And that the chap- 
pell of Barwicke Bassett belongeth to the parish Church of Calne And one 
Mr. Millerd' doth receiue out of the said parsonage thirty pounds per annum 
for his seruing there. And that John Frayling is a godlye able man an 
Assistant vnto the said Mr. Mortimer beinge aboue foure score yeares of 
age. 

Blackland. Is a parsonage presentatiue with Cure of Soules being 
worth thirtye pounds per annum And that Thomas Page Gierke receiueth 
the benefititfor profitts thereof to his owne vse being the present Incumbent 

Compton Bassett. Is a parsonage worth one hundred pounds per 

^ The name is given as Gharnhury in I'hillipps' Wilts Inst, and in Lans- 
down MS. 459 Charenbury. 

2 Miller. 



Commitnicated by the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 9 

annum And that James Nisbitt is the present Incumbent and possessor 
of the said parsonage and Receiveth the profitts for his owne vse being 
lately presented therevnto by the Lords Comissioners for the Keeping of 
the Great Seale of England. 

Yatesbury. Is a parsonage worth one hundred pounds per annum and 
that Mr. Henry Norborne is the present incumbent. And receiueth the 
profitts to his owne vse. 

Hedington. Is a parsonage worth three score and fiue pounds per 
annum. And that Mr. Henry Rogers is the present Incumbent. Receiueth 
the profitts. 

Cherrill, Is an antient Church the present Incumbent thereof is John 
Steuens clerke who for his Salarye receiueth the Donatiue with the small 
tythes of the parishioners v\orth thirteene pounds per annum And by the 
guift of Docto' Dauenant sometymes treasurer of Salisbury sixteene pounds 
per annum. 

Calston. Is a parish one Parson and Viccar In the guift of William 
Duckett esquire the value thereof fiue and thirtye pounds per annum : the 
present Incumbent is Richard Jenings v^'ho receiueth the profitts thereof to 
his owne vse. 

Barwick Bassett. Wolston Miller clerke is the Minister there whose 
salarye out of the Parsonage is butt thirtye pounds per annum, out of w''' 
M r. Tjowe deducteth thirty shillings yearely for house Rent and a third 
part of the monthly contribution. 



DANERHAM (Sic.) NORTH HUNDRED. 

Hettleton. Is a parsonage worth one hundred pounds per annum. 
John Fabian is the present Incumbent doth Receive the Tythes or proffitts 
for the same. 

Grittleton. Is a presentative Rectorye or Parsonage with Cure of Soules 
hauing beene Lett for Fourescore pounds per annum. And it is beleived 
It is now worth one hundred pounds per annum and no more. Richard 
Jaques clerke is the present Incumbent and proprietor of the Parsonage 
and doth receive the proflStts thereof. 

Christian Malford.Is a Parsonage valued to be worth one hundred and 
three score pounds per annum. Mr. William Doleman Is the minister or 
present Incumbent thereof and doth receiue the Proffitts of the parsonage 
aforesaid and is approved of by vs. 

Kinton Set. Michaell. There is one Ecclesiasticall benefice or Viccarige 
with Cure of Soules the Guifte is of the Ladye Longe. The yearely value 
is seauen pounds tenn shillings the Gleabe arid the priuye Tythes Fiftye 
two pounds and tenn shillings in the whole three score pounds per annum. 
Richard Hine is the present Incumbent and receiveth Forty five pounds 
per Annum to his owne vse and Fifteene pounds the Residue is paid to 
Nicholas Peirce because. of the Insufficiencye of Richard Hine : the said 
Church there hath for a long tyme beene voyde of an Able Godlye Ortho- 
dox Minister vntill now within some few moneths the said Nicholas Peirce 



10 The Church Sicrveij in Wilts, 1649—50. 

once a Sabbaotli daye doth exercise there who is a very Godly Able vnder- 
standing man and for his great paynes In the Ministerye is to Receive 
Fifteene pounds per annum towards the Maintenance of himselfe his 
wife and Children. 

William Shute Rich Scott William Mountioye John Hunt Adam 
Gouldney James Organ Robert Huckings Charles Hadnam Walter Bullock 
Samuell Vnckles William Dyer William Vncles Richard Odye William 
Alexander Richard Wyles Michaell Thomas John Lacye John Thomas 
John Parker Gabriell Golding Isack Ta,yler Humfry Workman Thomas 
Penn. This Coppie agreeth with the Originall and is examined by me 
Tho: Hobson. Endorsed : — Cop: of the Returnes of the severall In- 
quisitions in the Countie of Wilts. 



II. Valuations of Church Property. 

CHIPPENHAM HUNDRED. ' 

Wilts ^ Rectoria de Sherston. A Survey of the Pvectory or Parsonage 
of Sherton {sic) and Alderington with the appurtenances therevnto belong- 
inge lyinge and beinge in the Countie of Wilts late parcell of the possess- 
ions or late belonginge to the Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church 
of the Holy and vndivisible Trinitie in Gloucester made and taken by vs 
whose names are herevnto subscribed in the montlie of September 1649 by 
virtue of a commission to vs graunted (&c. as above). 

Thomas Hodges Et^quire. All that Scyte of the Rectorie and Parsonage 
of Sherston & Aldrington Avith the appurtenances lying and beinge in the 
Countie of Wiltes conteyningeone Messuage or Dwellinge house consistinge 
of one hall, one kitchin, one butterie, one whitehouse one mealehouse, one 
mauithouse All conteyninge seven bayes of buildinge, two barnes covered 
with tyle, one dove loft over the porch of one of the said barnes, one stable, 
one oxhouse, one waine house covered with thatch in all conteyning sixteene 
bayes of buildinge, one garden and backside conteyninge by estimacion one 
acre, and all and singuler landes tenementes rentes meadowes leasowes, 
pastures, tythes of wood, Patronages, Advowsons, Presentacions, of the 
Churches and Chappells all and singuler the proffittes, comodities. Royalties, 
liberties, members and appurtenances whatsoever they bee sett lyinge and 
beinge in the said Countie of Wilts to the said Rectorie and Chappell 
belonginge or in anie wise apperteyninge or which at anie tyme heretofore 
have beene reputed letten, occupied accepted taken knowne as part parcell 
or member of the said Rectorie or Chappell belonging to the same. 

Memorandum that all the before mencioned premisses were by the late 
Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church of holy and indivisible Trinitie 
in Gloucester by their Indenture by Lease bearing date the second dale of 
August in the fowerth yeare of the raigne of King Edward the Sixth 
demysed to John Veele of Longford in the Countye of the cittie of Gloucester 
yeoman to hold from k ymediately after the death surrender forfeiture end 

1 Lambeth Pari. Surveys, Vol. IX., p. 231—232. 



I 



Communicated hy the Veil. Archdeaco^i E. J, Bodivgton. 11 

and terme of the lease lately made vnto one Thomas Hayer of Sherston 
aforesaid and others with hind named in the same for fowerscore and Tenne 
yeares payinge per annum viij". at the Feastes^ of St. Michaell the Archangell 
onely but are worth vppon ymprovement over and above the said rent 
Cxxxij''. [Redditus viij'^] 

A Covenant that the Lesse all and singuler reparacions of houses vppon 
the Scite of the said Rectorie and other the premisses and all charges ordinary 
and extraordinary, whatsoever they bee shall make doe and paie at their 
proper costes and charges Si thereof shall acquitt the said Deane and 
Chapter and their Successors during the said terme. A Clause of reentrie 
in case the Rent bee vnpaid by the space of one moneth after it growes due. 
The Advowson right of Patronage, nominacion and presentacion of the 
Rectory of the Church and chappell of Sherston and Aldrington doth be- 
longe to the Lessee. The Viccarige there is worth per annum xl". The 
presente Incumbent there is Henry Heyes. 

The Counterparte of the lease of the said premises heretofore made to 
Thomas Hayer of Sherston aforesaid and others and the counterparte of 
the said lease made vnto the said John Veele by the said Deane and Chapter 
of Gloucester wee cannot find amoungst the Counterpartes of the leases of 
the late landes and possessions of the said late Deane and Chapter of 
Gloucester. Thomas Hodges Esquire hath shewed vnto vs onelie the last 
mencioned lease he afhrmes that he hath a terme in the saide premisses yet 
to come and that the said premisses are by sufficient meanes in lawe conveyed 
vnto him : the meane conveyances he hath not nowe in his possession but 
hath promised that hee will cleare his title to and interest in the said 
premises to the hon'''^ the Trustees next tearme in London. [Hodges in- 
terest . . . the premisses to bee . . . out within the tyme lymitted.^] 
Geo. Oldfield Tho: iMilweare Anthony Edwardes John Grange. VA'ill. 
Webb supervisor Generall. 1649. 



MALMESBUKY HUNDRED. 

Rectoria di Button Benger.^ A Survey of the Rectory or Impro- 
priate Parsonage of Sutton Benger with the Rights members and apfair- 
tenances thereof lying and being in the County of Wiltes late parcel! of 
the possessions or late belonging to the Cathedrall Church of the Virgin 
jVlary of Sarum in Com. Wiltes aforesaid, made and taken by vs whose 
names are herevnto subscribed in the moneth of January. By virtue of a 
Commission to vs granted, grounded vpon an Acte of the Commons of. 
England assembled in Parliament for the abolishing of Deanes, Deanes and 
Chapters, Canons, Prebends and other offices Si, titles of and belonging to 
any Cathedrall or Collegiate Church or Chappell within England and 
Wales, vnder the handes &, scales of Five or more of the Trustees in the 
said Act named and appointed, 

Annuall Rentes reserved. All that Rectory or impropriate parsonage 

^ sic plural. - l^artly lost in the binding. 

^ Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol, XV., pp. 203 — 205. 



12 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

House consisting of a Kitchen, a Hall a Parlor, a Larder, two Butteries, a 
jMilkeho.use, Five Chambers, Two cocklofts, two Barnes of 10 Bayes of 
building, a Stable and a heyhouse of 4 bayes of building, a Garden, an 
orchard and a Backeside, or Little plott of ground adioyning therevnto 
conteyning per estimation cleere values & improvementes per annum. 
01. 00. iiijii. 

There is belonging to the said Rectory and Parsonage the Tithe of all corne 
and graine and of all Hey growen within the said parrish (except the Tithe 
of the Corne and hey growen vpon the Glebe landes, belonging to the 
Viccarage there, which is the Tithe of about 22 Acres of Meadow Pasture 
and Arable, the same Landes being tithe free) which Tithe payable to the 
Rectory or Parsonage is [sic] valued communibus Annis is per annum 
Ixxxi'', 

All which premisses That is to say All that the Parsonage of Sutton 
Benger togeather with all and singuler Houses, landes, tithes, proffittes, 
Comodities and Emolumentes to the same Parsonage belonging, or in any 
wise apperteyning, togeather alsoe with all and all and all manner of Rents 
of and for the same parsonage : or any of the premisses vpon whatsoever 
demise or grant they bee reserved, were by Indenture dated 20th day of 
December 8° P]lizabethe demised by the Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall 
Church of Sarum, Propriators and Parsons of the Parsonage of Sutton 
Benger in the County of Wiltes, vnto Adrian Rogers of the Citty of New 
Sarum in the said County Widdow. Habendum to the said Adrian 
Rogers and her Assignes from the Feast of St. Michaell Tharchangell last 
past before the date: vnto the end and terme of 99 yeares then next 
ensueing and fully to be compleat & ended. Vnder the yearely Pent of 
of Nine poundes within the Citty of New Sarum, At the Feasts of the 
Annunciacion of the Virgin Mary, and of St. Michaell Tharchangell by 
even porcions. But are worth vpon improvement over and above the said 
Rent per annum Ixxv^'. 

'J'heLeasseedoth covenant in behalfe of herselfe, her executors & assignes, 
and the assignes of every of them, immediately after the end determination 
or Forfeiture of all such Leases, as of the said Parsonage with the ap- 
purtenances before this time by the Predecessors of the said Deane & 
Chapter, were Granted to susteyne beare and pay all manner of charges , 
ordinary and extraordinary, due and goeing out of the said Parsonage, or 
any part or parcell thereof during all the said terme, except Tenths dismes, 
and subsidies, which the said Deane and Chapter and their Successors 
shall pay susteyne and beare during all the said terme. 

The Leassee doth covenant immediately afier the end determination or 
Forfeiture of such Leases as of the said Parsonage were by the Predecessors 
of the said Deane & Clmpter granted to make susteyne and beare all 
manner of Reparacions as well of the Chauncell of the said Parish Church 
of Sutton Benger aforesaid as of all houses edifices and landes, and soe 
leave them at the end of the terme. 

A Covenant that it shall not bee laAvfull for the Ijeassee her Executors nor 
Assignes to fell or cutt down® any Elme or Elmes growing vpon the said 
Parsonage ground without the speciall licence of the said Deane & Chapter 
their Successors or Steward for the time being. 



Communicated hy the Fen. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 13 

The Leassee doth covenant to perniitt k suffer all & every person & 
persons, as have taken the said Parsonage and premisses or any part or 
parcell thereof peaceably and quietly to occupy and enioy the same, soe 
that they yeild pay and performe all and every thing & things according 
to their grant or grantes. 

If the Rente bee behinde by the space of one moneth then a Reentry. 

The Premisses were by Adrian Rogers the Leassee made over to Thomas 
James alias Atkins by a deed vnder her hand k Seale bearing date the last 
day of January in' the said 8^'' yoare of Queene Elizabeth and the said 
Thomas Atkins by his deed bearing date the 16 Jan. 5° Jacobi did make 
over his Terme right and interest to Edward Somner of Semington in the 
County of Wiltes Clothier. 

Memorandum. The Advowson, right of Patronage and presentacion to 
the Viccarage of Sutton Benger, did (as wee are informed) belong to Doctor 
Duppa late Bishopp of Sarum, now to the State. The Viccarage there is 
worth per annum — xxx'\ The present Incumbent there is Mr. John Ferres. 
Walt. Foy Jo: Squibb Chr: VVeare Geo: Fairley. Ex: per Will. Webb 
Supervisor GeneralL 1650. 

Wiltes ^ Rectoria de Minty. A survey of the Rectorye Impropriate 
parsonage and mannor of Minty w^ith the rights members, and apper- 
tenances thereof lyeinge and beinge in the parish of Minty within the 
County of Wiltes and Gloucester late parcell of the possessions &c late be- 
longing to Thomas Leech clarke late Archdeacon of North Wilts and 
parson of the Parish Church of Minty aforesaid made and taken by us 
whose names are herevnto subscribed in the moneth of December 1649. 
By vertue of a commission to us granted ((fee. as above). 

There is belonginge to the said parsonage the Tithe of all corne and 
graine within the said parishe of Minty And the tithe of all the hey of the 
said parishe (all other Tithes there are payable to the Vicar) which Tithe 
due to the parson is worth per annum Ix". 

All which premisses vizt All that the Rectory or parsonage of Minty 
with all howses edifices buildings lands Tenements Rents Reversions ser- 
vices commons Tithes oblacions and all other profittes commodityes 
[ emoluments and hereditaments whatsoever to the said Rectory or parson- 
age in any wise belonging or appertaineing or accepted reputed or taken as 
part parcell or member thereof or as perteyneing or belonginge therevnto 
within the Countyes of Wilts and Gloucester or either of them (excepted 
and alwaies to Thomas J^eeche and his Successors reserved all pounds {Uc) 
Fisheinges and all woods groweinge vpon or belonginge vnto the said 
Rectorye or parsonage or any part thereof, together with the patronage 
guift nominacion advowson and disposition of the Viccaridge of Minty 
aforesaid, were by Indenture dated the 13th of July Caroli demised by 
Thomas Leeche clarke Archdeacon of North Wilts, and parson of the 
Church parish of Minty vnto Walter Kinge of Twiford in the County of 
Southampton gent. Habendum (except before excepted) to him his heires 
and assignes for the lives of himselfe, the said Walter Kinge and of 
Thomas Kinge, and William Kinge sonnes of William Kinge of Coates in 

^ Lambeth Pari. Surveys, Vol. XV., p. 332. 



14. The Church Survey m Wilts, 1649—50. 

the County of Gloucester gentleman brother to the said Walter Kinge and 
the longest liver of them vnder the yearely rent of eight pounds one shill- 
ing and tennpence att the foure vsuall Feasts by even porcions But are 
worth vpon improvement over and above the said Rent per annum 
Ixxxxj^i. X'. viij''. [Hedditus viij. j^ x^. Thus aporcioned : —To the Landes 
3. 17. 10 To the Tithes 4. 04. 00—8. 01. 10]. Will Webb 1650. Dec. 1. 

If the said Rent be vnpaid by the space of xxviij dayes, the Lessee is to 
forfeit the sum of xx*. — ' pence, for which and for the rent in arrears, a 
distresse is to bee taken vpon any part of -the premisses, and the same to 
leade drive away carrie awaye impound & in pound to keepe, and deteyne 
vntill the same Rent, Arreareges of Rent, and penalty to be forfeited as 
aforesaid shallbee paid. The Lessee is to repaire all the premisses 
sufficiently the repaireinge of the chauncell of the Church of Minty ex- 
ce})ted. 

Memorandums, There is a Court held for the said mannor kept at the 
will of the Lord. The Tennants of the said Mannor are to performe their 
sute and services at the court aforesaid. The Fines of the severall coppy- 
holders there are arbitrary as the T^ord and Tenants can agree. Noe Herriot 
paid within the said Mannor. The Custome of the said Mannor is to 
graunt three Lives, and the widdowes of all the Tennants dyeinge in poss- 
ession to have their widdowes estates. The Lord or Lessee for the tyme 
beinge may fill vp all estates dureinge the terrae. The Advowson Right of 
patronage and presentacion to the Viccaridge Minty did belonge to the 
Lessee, and doth now to the state. The Viccaridge there is worth per 
annum Ix''. The present Incumbent there is Mr. Barnard Weight. Re- 
turned (amoningest other things) into the Register's office for keeping the 
Surveys for Deane and Chapters Lands the 14 January 1649 by Walt. Foy 
Jo. b'quibb Chr. Weare Surveyors. Ex. Rd: Hal Regist: Dept. 



CALNE HUNDKED. 

Wiltes.^ Calue Rectory & Mannor. A Survey of the Rectory and 
impropriate Parsonage and Manno' of Calne with the rights members and 
appurtenances thereof lyenge and beinge in the County of Wilts, and of 
the Rectory and Impropriate Parsonage of Fighelden alias Feildhen in the 
said Countye of Wiltes both which lately were parcells of the Prebendary 
and possessions appropriated to the Office of the Treasurer of the Cathedrall 
Churchof the virgine Mary of Sarum in the sayde Countye of Wilts for the 
tyme beeinge, made and taken by us whose names are hereunto subscribed 
in the Monethes of June and Julye 1649. By virtue of a Comission to vs 
graunted, grounded uppon the Acte of the Commons of England'assembled 
in Parliam*. For the abolishinge of Deanes, (&c. as above). 

The Tythe ariseinge, and groweing due out of the Tythinge withine the 
Burrough of Calne aforesaid valued per annum xP. 

The Tythe of the Tytheinge of Eastmanstreete within the said parrish of 
Calne valued per annum x''. 

^ JLambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 246—251. 



Communicated hy the Fen. Archdeacon E. J, Bodington. 16 

The Tythe of the Tythinge of Quimberford withine the sayde parrishe 
valued per annum xxx". 

The Tythe of the Tythinge of Calston and Blackeland withine the said 
parrishe valued per annum xlviij^'. * 

The Tythe of [the^J Tythinge of Stocke withine the saide parrishe valued 
per annum xxviij''. x\ 

The Tythes of the Tithinge of VVhetham of the same Parrishe valued att 
per annum xvj'\ 

The Tythes of the Tithinge of Stockleigh withine the said parrishe valued 
per annum xxx''. 

The Tythes of the Tithinge of 8tudly withine the sayd parrishe, and of 
the lythinge of Oompton from the Earle of Castle Hauen vallued per 
annum xxiij". 

The Tythes of Beauerbrooke and Whiteleigh Tithinge withine the said 
parrishe vallued per annum xx''. 

The Tythe of the Tythinge of Barwicke withine the sayde parrish- 
vallued per Annum Ixxx^'. 

The Tythe of the Tythinge of Cherrill withine the sayde parrishe valued 
per Annum Ixx''. [Total] ccclxxxxv''. x.\ 

The advowcon right of Patronage presentacion to the parrishe of Calne 
belonge to the Lord of the sayde Manno^ The Viccaridge there is worth 
per annum Ix". The present Incumbent there is Mr. Wm. Mortimer 
Withme tie sayde Parrishe of Calne there are twoe Chappells, the One in a 
village called Cherrill which is a donatiue, the other Barwicke a Stipendary 
Ihe right of Patronage or presentacion to the Donatiue of Cherrill be' 
longeth to the Lord of the said Manno-. and the Stipendary for Barwicke 
IS to bee mayntained alsoe by the Lord of the s^ Manno'. The present 
Incumbent in Cherrill aforesaid is John Stevens, vnto whome is yearely 
paid by the larmer of the Bectory of Calne the summe of xvi" as hee 
aArmeth for a pention, whoe hath alsoe as Incumbent of that place one 
J Messuage or Tenem'^. and one yard land conteyninge xxx Acres and a 
halte, and certaine small and priuy tythes, which Tenemente and Tvthes 
are worth per Annum xij^ soe all the yearely profitts of the said Donatiue 
are worth per Annum xxviij" 

George Lowe esqr. by Indenture of Lease beareinge date the xxiij''> day of 
Julye in the xvij- yeare of the late Kinge Charles graunted to him the 
-sayde George from Ldward Davenant Dpct^ of Divinity, Treasurer of the 
Cathedrall Church of Sarum, Holds All that the Manno'. Lordeshinp pre- 
bend and Parsonage of Calne aforesayde with all the Members and appur- 
tenances to th. said Manno^ Lordshipp parsonage and prebend or to any 
or either of them belonging or appertayninge, for xxi yeares from Lady Day 
before the date of the sayde Indenture, payeinge yearely Ixxxij^. viijl iii^ 
att Michelmas and Lady Day by equall porcions. And alsoe payeing^ 
dureinge the sayde Terme att the tymes aforesaid the yearely Rent of Iviiin 
to bee disposed and Imployed by the said Edward Davenant and his 
buccesso- m manner following viz'. To the Viccar of Calne for the tyme 
b^eingejhej^earely_so mme of xij^J. To th eJJurate of the Chappell of 
. . ^ Omitted in MS. 



16 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

Cherrill the yearelye somme of xvj". And to the Curate of the Chappell of 
Barwicke Bassett the yearely somme of Thirtye poundes. All which 
premisses thereby graunted are worth vppon Improuem". ouer and aboue 
the aforesayde Rents thereby and therevppon reserued per annum, which 
sayde several Rents and Improvement are thus apporcioned viz': The 
Rent for the Manno"" Lordeshipp Landes and Tenem*\ therewith all vsed 
and enioyed Ixxiij'i. xiiij^ iij^. In toto CxP'. viij^ iij<^. 

The Rent for the Parsonage and 'Tythes thereto belonginge and there- 
withall enjoyed and vppon them to remayne is per annum lxvj'\ xiiij^ 
The Lessee is to beare all charge for repayres of the sayde Manno'' Chaun- 
cell and other the premisses, and the Lesso' is to allowe Timber onely to bee 
taken vppon the said premisses. 

An Abstract of the present Rents Improuemen^^, and all other profitts of 
the foresayde Rectorye and M anno' — The Rents of the Coppyholders for 
Lyues and Royalties are per annum xiij'^ i^ x.^. The Demeasne or Gleabe 
lands are per Annum ccxxxvj^'. v'. The Tythes per annum are ccclxxxxv^'. 
X'. The Rents of the Freeholders are concealed from us. Summe totall 
of the present profitts per annum ccccccliiij^\ xvj^ x'l The Improuem'® of 
the Coppyholders for Hues per annum clxxxv". The Tymber vppon the 
Demeasne or Gleabe Lands are worth xl'', Summe Totall of future Im- 

c 
prouem'^ per annum viijxxix^'. xvj^ x'^. 

The said Capitall Messuage, Mansion howse Rectory or Parsonage House 
Mannor and premisses wee finde in the possession of George Lowe, Esqr. 
who produceth nothinge vnto us whereby to discouer his interest in any 
parte of the premisses, nor cane wee by any meanes obtaine the sight of 
any records Rentalls or Courte Rolls concerneing the same. The Lease 
aforesaid whereby the said George Lowe holds all the sayd Mannor and 
premisses was produced to mee, which I certified this First day of August 
1649. Will. Webb, supvs'. Gen'll. Walt: Foy John: Squibb Christ: Weare 
Geo. Fairley Surveyor's. 



Valuations of Church Property. 

DUNWORTH HUNDRED. 

Wilts. ^ Prebend et Rectoria de Swallowcliife. A Siirvey of 
the Prebend and parsonnage of Swallowcliffe with the rights members and 
appurtenances thereof sett lying and being in the Countie of Wilts late 
parcell of the possessions or late belonginge to John Russell clerke Preben- 
darye and Parsoun of the Prebend and Parsonnage of Swallowcliffe aforesaid 
made and taken by us whose names are herevnto subscribed in the month 
of January, 1649 by vertue of a commission (&c., as before). 

Annuall rents reserved. Cleere values and improvements per annum. 

All that the Parsonnage house of Swallowcliffe aforesaid consistinge of 
a Hall a kitchinne a Butterie three lodginge Chambers a- milke house a 

Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 205 — 207. 



Communicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 17 

Barne and stable of five Bayes of buildinge with a garden orchard and 
Backside conteyning per estimacion 01. 02 ij^*. 

One close of pasture or Furzey Ground called by the name of the home 
close adjoyninge to thaforesaid Parsonnage house cont. per estimacion 
03. 90. XX'. 

One close of Pasture called by the name of the London elme close hav- 
ing the highway leading from Hatisbury (?)' to Sarum on the South side 
thereof conteyning per estireacion 04. 00. ij^'. 

One little parcell of meadow or pasture lying on the Northside of the 
highwaye ieadinge from Swallowcliffe to Hindon and on the south side of 
a meadowe belonginge to Mr. Edward South conteyning per estimacion 
00. 20 perches iij^ iiij^. 

One little Parrock of Pasture lyinge in the parish of Hytesbury at the 
east end of the churchyarde of the parrish church of Haytesbury aforesaid 
conteyning per estimacion 00. 20 perches, v^ 

Severall parcells of arrable lyinge dispersedlie in one of the common 
feilds of Swallowcliffe aforesaid called the east feild cont. per estimacion 
06. 01. ij". 

Severall parcells of arrable lying dispersedlie in one of the common feildes 
of Swallowcliffe aforesaid called by the name of the Middle feild conteyn- 
ing per estimacion 08. 03. iij". 

Severall parcells of Arrable lyinge dispersedlie in one of the Common 
feildes of Swallowcliffe aforesaid called by the name of the West feild con- 
teyning per estimacion 07. 00. ij". vj^ viij*^. 

One meane dwellinge house inhabited by M". Russell widdow relict of 
John Russell late Prebendarye and Parso'un of the Prebend and Parsonnage 
of Swallowcliffe aforesaid with an Orchard and gardenn therevnto adioyn- 
inge and at the ende thereof one parrock of meadowe shootinge east and 
west and one wythy bedd lyinge in the south side of a meadow belonging 
to Mr. Edward South cont. per estimacion 01. 00. 02'^ 001 00^. 

Totall number of Acres 31. 03. 14. 15. 0. 

There belongeth to the Parsonage of Swallowcliffe aforesaid the Tythe of 
all graine Hey, wool! and Lambe and all other tythes whatsoever greate 
and small groweinge and ariseinge within the parish of Swallowcliffe afore- 
said As allso the tythe of all graine hey Wooll and Lamb and all manner of 
other tythes whatsoewer groweing and ariseinge uppon a farme ancientlie 
called and knowne by the name of Moore's farme within the parish of 
Hatisburye but now reputed and taken to bee the glebbe lands belonginge 
to the Parsonnage of Heytesbury all which tythe is worth per annum 
Ixxxx". 

There belongeth moreover to the Parsonage of Swallowcliffe aforesaid 
pasture for forty-nine sheepe in the common feildes downes groues and 
iaines of Swallowcliffe and common of pasture for other cattell and com- 
mon of Fuell all which is worth per annum ij". in toto 106. 15. 

All which premisses (that is to saye) all the prebend or parsonage of 
Swallowcliffe whereof John Russell was then incumbent with all and 
singular houses edifices Gleabe lands meadowes leasowes f eedinges pastures 

* Salisbury first written and the altered word is not clear. 

VOL. XLL— NO. CXXXII. C 



18 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

woods, underwoods commons tythes frutes, oblacions obvencions emolu- 
ments profitts commodities advantages and other hereditaments whatsoever 
with all and singular their appurtenancesvntothesaidprebendorparsonnage 
or to the said John Russell as Prebendarye or Parson there or by reason of 
the said Prebend or Parsonage belonginge or in anie wise appurteyninge or 
which have bynn reputed taken or knowne to be parte parcell or member 
of the the same or any of them (except and allwaies reserved out of this 
present demise and graunt one little house, gardenn and orchard and a plott 
of meadowegroundethervntoadioyningeand a little Parrock and a wythy- 
bedd conteyning in the whole by estimation one acre of grounde be it more 
or lesse being parcell of the Premisses then in the tenure or occupation of 
John Michell or his assignes theere per Indenture dat. 20 Decembris 14 
Jacobi demised by John Russell, clerke, Prebendary or Parrsonn of the 
Prebend or Parsonnage of Swallowcliffe in the aforesaid county of Wilts 
vnto Edward South of Swallowcliffe aforesaid Esquire Habendum except 
before excepted vnto the said Edward South his heires and assignes for 
the lives of Charles South Thomas South and Mary South sonnes and 
daughter of the said Edward South and the longest liver of them vnder 
the yearelie rent of xv'^. vj'. viij^ at the feastes of St. Michael Tharchangell 
and of the Annunciation of the Virginne Marye by even porcions But are 
worth vppon improvement over and above the said rent per annum 
Ixxxix". viij'. iiij"*. 

The Lessee is to repayre and discharge the Lessor and his successors 
from all other charges burthens and payements due and to bee due for and 
out of the said premisses other than such as are hereafter expressed to bee 
defrayed and bourne by the said Lessor and his successors. 

The Lessor doth covenant &c. that it shall be lawfuU'for the Lessee his 
heires and assignes at his and theire will and pleasure to fell cutt downe, 
take and carrie awaye competent and sufficient tymber groweing in and 
vppon the premisses for repairinge the premisses as often as need shall 
require duringe the tearme. 

The Lessor doth covenant to satisfie content beare and paye all manner 
of procurations curates wages and stipends and all manner of tenthes and 
subsidies and duties hereafter to bee due and payable to the kinge or his 
successors by reason of the premisses and to acquitte and discharge and 
keep harmless the Lessee etc thereof dureing the tearme. 

If the rent bee behinde by the space of one month being lawfullie de- 
maunded then to distreine and the distress to leade beare drive and carry e 
away and the same to keepe vntill it bee payd and if the rent bee vnpaid 
by the space of three monthes. being lawfullie asked and noe sufficient 
distresse vppon the premisses may bee found then a reentrie. The Lessee 
doth covenant for the quiet enjoyeinge of the premises. One life onlie in 
being Mary South now the wife of Phillipp Poore of Durringhton in the 
county of Wilts aged 30 : Memorandum the little house garden and orchard 
and plott of meeddowe grounde therevnto adjoyninge and a little Parrock 
and a wythy bedd conteyning in the whole by estimation one acre excepted 
and reserved out of the Lease is now held and enjoyed by Mrs. Russell 
widdow relict of John Russell the late Prebendarye by vertue of some 
deede as we are informed from her sayd late husband for the terme of her 



Communicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 19 

lyfe which hath not bynn produced vnto us which is before valued at two 
pounds per annum Walt. Foy Joh. Squibb Chr. Meare {sic) Geo : Fairly. 
Exam : per Will. Webb supervisor generall. 1650. Date from endorsement. 
Eec*^. 4 February 1649. 



HEYTESBUEY HUNDEED. 

Wilts. ^ Rectoria de Chitturne Mary. A survey of the Rectory 
or Parsonage of Cetera Mary, alias Chitturne Mary with the rights members 
and appurtenances thereof scituate lying and beinge in the county of 
Wilts, late parcell of the possession or late belonginge to the late deane and 
chapter of the Cathedrall Church of the Virgin Mary of Sarum made and 
taken by us whose names are herevnto subscribed in the moneth of January 
1649, by vertue of a commission (tfec, as before). 

Annual rents reserved Cleare values and Improvements per annum. 

There is noe Mansion or dwelling House A Barne belonging to the said 
Parsonage of three Bayes of Building standing and being on parcell of the 
Gleabe I^ands belonginge to the Vicarage of Chitturne k adioyninge to the 
Vicarage Barne worth yeare {sic) per annum xx^ 

There is belonging to the said Parsonage only the Tithe of all corne and 
graine growen and renueinge within the said parish (except the Tithe of 
the Gleabe Lands belonginge to the Vicarage) which Tithe of the Parsonage 
aforesaid is worth per annum xlix". 

All which premisses, That is to saye all that theire Rectory or Parsonage 
of Cetera Mary alias Chitturne Mary in the Countye of Wilts, with all and 
singuler Tenths, fruits, oblacions obvencions meadowes Feedings commons 
rights and appurtenances whatsoever to the said Rectory and parsonage 
apperteyneinge,or in any wise belonginge were by indenture dated 3° Apriles 
1 3°Jacobi demised by the Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church of the 
Virgin Mary of Sarum vnto Jourdaine Slade of Chitturne in the County of 
Wilts Habendum to the said Jourdaine Slade his heires and assignes for the 
lives of Christopher Slade Jourdaine Slade and Edward 
Redditus v". Slade, his three sonnes vnder the yearly rent of v^\ at 

the feast of St. Michaell the Archangell and the 
annunciation of the Virgin Mary by equall porcions. But are worth vpon 
Improvement, over and above the said Rent per annum nWK 

The Lessee doth covenant the dwellinge houses and buildings of the said 
Rectory and the Chauncell of the Church of Chitturne Mary in all nesecary 
{sic) reparacions to repaire and maintains dureinge the Tearme and leave 
it well repaired at the ende of the Tearme. > 

The Lessors at their owne costes and expences shall pay beare &l susteine 
all other burthenes ordinary and extraordinary happeninge to the said 
Rectory dureinge the Terme, If the Rent be behinde by the space of three 
monethes then a Reentry. Christopher Slade aged 45 only liveing. Walt, 
Foy Jo : Squibb Chr. Weare Geo : Fairley. Ex' per Will. Webb supervisor 
Generall. 



^ Lambeth Pari. Surveys, Vol. XV., p. 177. 



20 The Church Siirveij in Wilts, 1649—50 

Wiltes.' Rectoria de Haytesbury & Knooke. A survey of those 
Benefices or parsonages and mannour of Haytesbury and Knooke with all 
the Rights members and appurtenancies thereof together with certaine lands 
granted by Lease to severall persons sett lyeinge and beinge in the county 
of Wilts late parcell of the possessions or late belonginge to John Bowie 
Clarke Doctor of Divinity late Deane of the Cathedrall Church of Sarum 
and parson of the parish Churche of Haytesbury and Knooke in Comitatu 
Wilts, aforesaid, made and taken by vs whose names are herevnto sub- 
scribed in the monethe of Januarye, 1649, By vertue of a commission (&c., 
as before). 

There is belonging to the said parsonage the Tythe of all corne and 
graine and all other Tithes of wjaat nature or kinde soever they be ariseing 
groweinge and reneweinge within the saide parishe of Haytesbury 
(saueing only the Tithes which is renewinge & groweing out of and 
vpon the landes before mencioned and particularly sett downe as Glebe 
Lands the Tythe whereof is due and payable and soe hath beene tyme out 
of minde to the prebendarye for the tyme beinge or his Lessee of the 
Prebend of Swallowcliffe in Com Wilts) whiche Tithe before mencioned to 
be belonginge to the parishe of Haytsbury is worth per annum cc". 

All which premisses (amoungst other things) That is to saye all those 
benefices or parsonages of Haytesbury and Knooke with all and all manner 
of Rents as well of Freeholders as Coppye holders there, Tythes Fruites 
oblacions, obvencions, howses, barnes stables, orchards gardens proffitts 
emoluments Lands Tenements and hereditaments meadowes pastures 
Feedinges Fisheinges, commons Comodityes and advantages whatsoever 
with all and singuler their appurtenances to the said Benefices or parsonages 
or either of them belonginge or in any wise appertaineinge, or which ^ 
therevnto of right ought or hath belonged or appertayned (AH Harriotts 
Fines amerciaments wayfi'es strays ale weights withe advowsons of all pre- 
bends there dureinge all the terme hereafter mencioned by the Deane and 
his successors alwaies excepted and reserved) were by indenture dated 
15'^ December 1 Caroli demised by John Bowie Clarke Doctor of Divinity, 
the Deane of the Cathedrall Churche of Sarum and parson of Hatesbury 
and Knooke in Comitatu Wilts vnto Thomas Moore of Hatesbury in the 
said county Esq^ Habendum the premisses (except 
Redditus xl.^'. before excepted) vnto the said Thomas Moore from 

Apporcioned viz* the date, for the Lives of Jesper Moore, Rachell 

To the Lands 18. 00. 00 Moore and Grace Moore his three children and the 
To the Tithes 22. 00. 00 longest liver of them vnder the yearly rent of xl.". 
— payable at Feast of the Annunciacion of the Virgin 
In toto 40. 00. 00. Mary and S'. Michaell the Arkangell by even 

Dec^ 2. Will. Webb, porcions. But are worth vpon improvement over 
1650 and above the said Rent per annum CClxx^^ v*. 

If the Rent bee vnpaid by the space of two monethes beinge lawfully ' 
asked and noe sufficient distresse to bee found then a Reentrye. The 
Lessee doth covenant for himselfe &c at his owne charges and expences 

^ Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 289—293. 
1 MS. *' withe." 



I 



Communicated hj the Ven. Archdeacon E, J, Bodington. 21 

dureinge the Terme to pay the preist's wages and to repaire all the chaun- 
cells and bridges boundes howses and buildings, belocginge to the said 
parsonages, and alsoe beare and support all other charges ordinarye and 
extraordinarye due and goeinge out of the premises except Dismes and 
subsidies, which the said Deane and his successors are to beare and support. 

The Lessee doth covenant &c. with the Lessor etc. That the Lessor and 
his Successors officers and servants maye at all tymes come into the mannor 
or parsonage howse of Hatesbury to keepe his Courtes & exercise jurisdiction 
there. The Lives are all in beinge. Jesper aged 31 yeares & Grace 27. 

An Abstract of the present Rents and future Improvements and all other 
proffitts of the said Parsonages Benefices and mannour of Haytesbury & 
Knooke. 

The reserved Rent vppon the said Parsonages and Mannour payable by 
the Lessee due to the estate is per annum xP'. 

The Rents of Assize or the Rents of the Leasehold and coppyehold 
Tennantes now in graunt to the Lessee are per annum iij". v\ v^ 

The Improvement of the Rectorye togethere with the said yearlye rent 
reserved is per annum COCix'L xix*. v^. 

The Improvement of the Coppiehold Tennants for Lives over and above 
the yearly rents reserved are per annum xxvj^\ 

The Improvement of the Leasehold Land enjoyed and held Immediately 
from and by the graunt of the late Deane by two severall Indentures of 
Lease and mencioned in the pages before the memorandums in the surveye, 
together with there severall respective Rents reserved is per annum xxvij^'. 

Returned (amoungst other things) to the Registers Office for keepinge the 
Surveys for Ueanes and Chapters lands the 4"' Feb'. 1649 bye Walt. Foye. 
Chr. Weare John Squibb, Geo. Faireley surveyors. Ex*^. i^a : Hall Regist 
Dept. 

Wiltsi Rectoria de Hilldeverell A survey of the Prebend and 
Parsonage of Hilideverill alias Hilldewerell in Com. Wilts with the rights 
members and appurtenances thereof late parcell of the possessions or late be- 
longinge to Thomas Coles Clerke one of the Prebendaryes of the Cathedrall 
Church of the Virgin Mary of Sarum made and taken by us whose names 
are hereunto subscribed in the moneth of January 1649 by vertue of a 
commission (&c,, as above). 

Annual rents reserved Cleare values & improvements per annum. 

A certain parcell of ground lying and being in Hilideverill whereon 
formerly stood the parsonage or Prebend House & other housinge long since 
wholely demolished conteyning by estimation 00. 03. xiij^ iiij"^. 

One close of pasture adioyning to Haitesbury Churchyard belonging to 
the Parsonage conteyning by estimation 01. 00. xxx^ 

Totall number of Acres 01. 03. 

There is belonginge to the said Prebend one^ parsonage all manner of 
Tythes arrising or growinge within the s**. parishe (vizt.) the Tythe of all 
come and graine, Hey wool Lambe wood & all other small & privy tythes 
all which are worth per annum Ixxxxv". 

' Lambeth Pari. Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 184—186. 
^ sic 1 " and" meant. 



22 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

All which premissea (that is to say) all that the Prebend and Parsonage 
of Huldeverell alias Hylldeverell with the appurtenances in Com. Wilts 
with all houses edifices buildings barnes stables orchards gardens lands 
meadows leasues pastures commons commons of pasture and all and all man- 
ner of tythes offrings oblacions obvencions pencions, and porcions fruites 
profittes commodityes advantages emolumentes hereditamentes whatsoever 
with all and singular thappurtenances to the said prebend & parsonage 
belonging or apperteyning or accepted reputed or taken as parte parcell or 
member thereof or any parte thereof or occupied or enioyed with the same 
or to or with any parte or parcell thereof weere by indenture bearinge date 
decimo Octobris 2° Caroli demised by Thomas Clarke prebendary of the 
Prebend or Parsonage of Hulldeverell alias Hilldeverill in the County of 
Wilts founded in the Church of Haitresbury in the said County of Wilts 
vnto Henry Ludlowe of Tadley in the County of Southampton Esquire 
Habendum to him his heires and assignes from thenceforth for the naturall 
lives of Henry Ludlowe William Ludlowe & George Ludlowe his three 
sonnes & the longest liver of them vnder the yearely rent of tenn pounds 
at the feasts of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary and S' Michaell 
Tharchangell by even porcions but are worth upon Improvement over 
& above the s^ rent per annum Ixxxviij^' iij^ iiij*^. 

If the rent be behinde by the space of one and twenty dayes beinge 
lawfully demaunded at the parish Church of Hulldeverell afores*^. then a 
forfeiture of xx.s. for every xxj dayes toties quoties nomine pene. And 
that at all tymes after it shal be lawfull for the Lessee his successors and 
assignes or any of them to enter and distreine upon the premisses or any 
parte thereof as well for the %^ rent and arrearages thereof as alsoe for all 
and every the s*^ summe & summes of xx^ to be forfeited as aforesaid 
nomine pene & the distresses there soe taken k had to lead drive cary away 
impark & impound and in pound to deteyne and keepe vntill the same be 
paid. 

The Lessee doth covenant to erect sett vp and build or cause to be 
erected and built at his owne proper costes and charges in and vpon the 
said Parsonage where the old house stood a convenient Parsonage house for 
the Prebend to dwell in and also one barne and stable fitt for his necessary 
vse and vses at or before the end and expiration of seaven yeares next 
ensuenge the date of the said Indenture and that in the meane tyme the 
said Lessee his heires and assignes shall save harmless and defende the 
successors executors administrators and every of them from all manner of 
actions suites in lawe troubles and damage whatsoever that may or shall 
arise or be commenced against the said Lessor &c for or by reason of delapi- 
dations or letting downe of the ancient parsonage house barne or other 
houses thereunto belonginge. 

The Lessee doth covenant to repaire the Premisses etc. And the channcell 
of the Parish Church of Hilldeverill aforesaid and to pay beare and discharge 
dureng the said terme all and all manner of subsidies tenths procurations 
pencions and all other ancient charges ordinarye and extraordinarye what- 
soever they be which shall happen at any tyme dureing the s<^ terme to be 
payable issueing or due out of the premisses or any parte thereof. If it 
grow not, or {sic) not charged, or not chargeable by any act or thing made 



Communicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 23 

or done by the a"^. Lessee either to the King his heires or successors or to 
the Bishopp deane or Archdeacon of the diocese of [the] same place for the 
tyme beinge and thereof and every part thereof shall from tyme to tyme 
<fe at all tymes then after acquitte discharge and save harmlesse the s^ Lessor 
& his Successors etc dureinge the terme 

The Lessee doth covenant &c at his owne proper costes dureinge the 
terme to finde and maintaine an able man to serve and discharge the cure 
of the s"^ Prebend, parsonage and benefice and thereof to discharge and save 
harmless the Lessor & his successors dureing the s**. terme 

The Lessor doth covenant &c that dureing the s*^. terme if hee shall soe 
longe live not att any tyme then after [to] resigne yeild upp forfeite or give 
over the s^. Prebend or Parsonage of Hill deverill and premisses or any part 
thereof without the Lycence consent and agreement of the Lessee his heires 
etc. Thervnto in writing under his or their handes & seales first had and 
obteyned except it be to the intent to procure to be brought into the s*^. 
prebend or Benefice any sonne of the s"^. Lessor when hee shalbe capable 
therevnto 

The Lessor doth covenant not to do any acte or thinge wittingly or 
willingly whereby the Premisses may become void evicted, or taken from the 
s'^.Thomas Coles the Lessor, or hee thereof become not parson or Prebendary 
or be by any meanes putt from the a"^. Prebend or parsonage dureing the 
terme before demised or whereby the Lessee or his assignes shall or may 
loose any parte of the tithes or profittes of the said Prebend & Parsonage or 
not have and enjoy the same according to the true intent & meaning of the 
8^ demise except it be by resignation to the intent a sonne of the Lessor 
may come to be presented to the said Prebend or Parsonage as aforesaid. 
Two lives in beinge William Ludlowe aged 28 George Ijudlowe aged 26. 
Walt. Foy Jo: Squibb Chr. Weare Geo Faireley Ex: per Willm. Webb 
I supervisor Generall, 1650. Date from endorsement Rec^. 4 Feb. 1649. & 
transmitted to the surveyor general the same day. 

Wilts ^ Rectory of Immer. A survey of the mannor lordshipp and 
parsonage of Immer with all the rights members and appurtenances thereof 
situate lying and being in the county of Wilts late parcell of the possessions 
or late belonging to Richard Bayley Doctor of Divinity and Deane of the 
Cathedrall Church of the Virgin Mary of Sarum made and taken by vs 
whose names are herevnto subscribed in the moneth of January 1649, By 
virtue of a commission (&c. as above). 

All which premisses amongest other things that is to say All the mannor, 
Lordshipp and Parsonage of Immer with all the rights members and 
appurtenances to the same mannor lordshipp or Parsonage or any of them 
belonging or appertayneing being parcells of the possessions of the Deane 
and chapter of Sarum Togeather with all and singular mills howses, build- 
ings lands pastures meadowes Feadings, Gleabe lands pencions porcions 
rents revercions and services and Rents charge Rents secke and rents upon 
whatsoever Demise or graunt they be reserved, Apnui- 
Redditua tyes, annuall -Rents Fee Farmes, waters Fishings, Woods 

xxii''. 18^ v*^. and underwoods Courts Leets Profitts of Courts, 

^ Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 326—330. 



24 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

Furses Heaths commons moores marshes wayes, wast 
grounds, viewes of Franckpledge and all that doth to the view of Francke- 
pledge doth belong or that hereafter shall or may appertayne or belonge, 
knights fees Wards Marriages Escheates Releifes Herryotts, Fayres, Mar- 
ketts Tolls Customes Warrens Parkes Chases Libertyes Fynes Amercia- 
ments, Villanes bondmen and their sequell goods and chattells of Fellons 
Waves atrayes goods and chattells of Fellons^ emoluments and profitts 
and all other hereditaments with their appurtenances whatever to the sayd 
mannor Lordshipp and parsonage hereby demised or any of them belonging 
or appertayneing, or that before that tyme have been accepted used reputed 
and taken as part member or parcell of the sayd Mannor Lordshipp and 
parsonage hereby demised or any of them sett lying and being in Immer 
aforesayde in the sayde County of Wilts, were by Indenture dated the 
Five and Twentyeth of June 12'^ Carol, demised by Richard Bayly Doctor 
of Divinity and Deane of the Cathedrall Church of the Yirgin Mary of 
New Sarum in the County of Wilts and the Chapter of the same Church 
vnto Richard Hulbert of Immer in the sayde County gentleman Habendum 
to the said Richard Hulbert under the yearly rent of Twenty two pounds 
eighteene shillings and five pence at the Feast of S* Mychaell the Archangell 
and the Annunciation of the Yirgin Mary by even portions at the greate 
West dore of the Cathedrall Church of New Sarum aforesayde, But are 
worth upon Improvement over and above the sayde Rent per annum 
88". 00«. 05^ 

If the Rent be behynde by the space of Foure score and Tenn dayes then 
a Reentry. 

The Lessee is to repayre and to give notice of the several deceases of 
either of the lives before mencioned ^ within six moneths after, if each of 
them happen to dye within the Realme of England vnto the Lessors his 
successors etc And in default of such notice given to paye unto the 
Lessor etc Twenty pounds within seaven moneths after their severall 
deceases respectively. A Covenant for quiett enjoyeing. The lives all in 
being Richard Hulbert aged thirty six Honor aged thirty three and James 
one and twenty. 

The premisses graunted by coppy to Susan Stileman are not disposeable 
and therefore the present Rent thereon reserved must be deducted out of 
the whole reserved Rent. And then the Mannor and Farme will have cleare 
of itselfe thus : 

22". 18\ 05^. The present Rent reserved, the Tyth of foure pounds 
per annum being deducted wilbe eighteen pounds eighteene shillings five 
pence And the improvement over and above the sayde Rent which wilbe 
as a reversion after the Lessees terme wilbe per annum nynety two pounds 
five pence xcij^*. v*^. 

And the Improvement of the severall coppy holds for lives after the terme 
which the Lessee hath power to grant which is three lives at any time 
dureing his owne terme besides the Twenty foure pounds per annum granted 
to Susan Stileman aforesaid will be per annum 102". 10. 00. 

^ •' Felons de se" appears to be meant according to the usual liberties 
of a Manor. 

^ sic but not mentioned above. 



I 



Communicated by the Ven, Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 25 

The Tythe thus. Present Rent foure pounds. Improvement Twenty 
foure pounds. March W^ 1649. Will. Webb 1649. 

An abstract of the present Rents future Improvements and all other 
proffits of the Mannor and Rectory of Immer 

The reserued Rent upon the Lease payeable by the Lessee being the only 
present proffitts ariseing to the State is per annum 22. 18. 05. 

The Rents of Assize or the Rents of the Coppyhold Tennants togeather 
with all profits & perquisites within the sayde Mannor to the Royalty 
thereof apperteyneing per annum 14. 03. 10. 

The Improvement of the leasehold lands together with the Rents of 
Assize and Royalties & the aforesaid Rent reserued is per annum 
110. 18. 00. 

The Improvement of the Coppyhold lands over & above the Rents re- 
serued is per annum 126. 10. 00. 

8umme Totall of future Improvements is per annum 237. 08. 05. 

Walter Foy Jo. Squibb Chr. Weare Geo : Fairely, Surveyors. Ex**, per 
Will Webb supervisor general! 1650. Ex**. Ra : Hall Regist. Dept. Date 
from endorsement Rec**. 4 February 1649, 

Wilts. ^ Rectoria de Titherington et de Horningsham. A sur- 
: vey of the prebend or parsonage of the moyety or halfe deale of the Pre- 
bends or parsonages of Titherington & Hornisham alias Tyderington and 
Horningsham late belonging to Edward Hide cleik late Prebendary or 
! Parson of the one halfe or moyety of the Prebendes or Parsonages of 
i Tytherington & Hornisham aforesaid with the rights members & appur- 
j tenances thereof which Prebend is belonging to the collegiate church of 
iHaytesbury in Oomitatu Wiltes and was late parcell of the possessions or 
late belonging to the Deane for the tyme beinge of the Cathedrall 
' Church of the Virgin Mary of Sarum made & taken by vs whose names are 
herevnto subscribed in the moneth of January 1649 by virtue of a com- 
1; mission (&c. as above). 
I Annual rents reserved. Cleare values & improvements per annum. 

Hornisham Prebend. There is no Parsonage House, Barne nor 
Housinge. The Glebe Landes. One close of Arrable and pasture called 
the Parsonage Parrocke haveing a peece of twenty acres of the Parsonage 
arrable ground on the east side thereof called twenty acres, & having a 
piece of arrable land of four acres of the Parsonage ground on the north 
side thereof containing per estimacion 02. 00 xx'. 

One close of Pasture called by the name of Breinge haveinge the higway 
(sic) leading to Deverell longbridge on the south side thereof and haveinge 
a ground of the Widdow Cholse on the east haveing the said highway alsoe 
on the north parte & the ground of William Style on the west containing 
per estimation 12. 00. iiij". 

One peece of Arr. ground lying in one peece in the Common Feildes of 
Hornisham next adioyning to a close called the Parsonage Parrocke which 
is called the Parsonage Land containing per estimacion 20. 00 v^ 

' Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., p. 208. 



26 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

One parcell of Arr : land lying in Mr. Arrundells feildes within the parish 
of Hornisham called Nuttbury containing per estimacion 01—02 x*. 

Totall number of Acres 35. 02. x". x*. 

There is belonging to the said Parish all the Tythe of come of all sortesof 
graine growen within the same parish which is worth communibus annis 
per annum xl". 

There is alsoe belonging to th^ said Parsonage all the tythe Hey most of 
which payeth a stint k custome tythe of the said parish, valent communi- 
bus annis per annum v". 

S'. James Thynn prayeth for all his tythes a custome rent of 4^ per annum 
which is for 400 acres of meadow and pasture lying in Longleet Parke in 
the said Parish iiij^ 

There is belonging alsoe to the said parsonage all the tythe of Wooll & 
Lambe of the said parish which communibus annis valent per annum iijK 

All other small tythes arising within the said parish belongeth alsoe to 
the said Parsonage et valent communibus Annis per annum iij". 

51>* 04^ 

The Prebend of Tytherington. There is noe Parsonage House nor 
Barne Stable or Orchard. 

The Gleabe Lands. One House in Haytesbury with a garden orchard 
and backside therevnto belonging called and knowne by the name of the 
Prebend House now in the tenure of Edmond Perry containing per esti- 
mation 00. 02 xx«. 

Certaine parcells of Arr : land lyeing dispersedly in the common feildes 
of Titherington called by the name of the east lowe feild cont. per esti- 
mation 06. 00. xxx^ ^' 

Certayne parcells of arrable land lying dispersedly in the common feildes 
of Tytherington called by the name of the East Hill feild containing per 
estimation 08. 00. ij''. 

Certaine parcells of arr : land lying dia^persedly in the common feilds of 
of Titherington called by the name of Shortburge conteining by estimation 
08.00 ij^'. 

Certaine parsells of Arrable land lyinge dispersedly in the common 
feildes of Titherington lying vpon the West side of Old Drove con- 
taining per estimation 04. 00 xxvj'. viij^, 

Certaine parcells of Arr. land lying dispersedly in the common feild of 
Titherington commonly called Downe hedge, containing per estimation 

04. 00 xxvj^ viij^. 

A parcell of Arr. land lyeing dispersedly in the common feildes of Tyth- 
erington commonly called Chickes hedge containing per estimation 02. 00 
xiijMiij'^. 

A parcell of Arr. land lyeng dispersedly in the common feildes of Tyth- 
erington commonly called Willis head conteining per estimation 04. 00 
xxvj^ viij"^. 

A parcell of Arrable land lying dispersedly in the Common feildes of 
Tytherington commonly called White landes containing per estimation 

05. 00 XXV*. 

Totall number of acres 41 .02. 



Communicated hy the Veil. Archdeacon E. «/„ Bodington. 27 

There is belonging to the said Parsonage the tythe of all corn and grayne 
& all other tythes whatsoever arising there worth per annum P. 

All which premisses (that is to say all that the Prebend or parsonage of 
the Moyety or halfendeale of the Prebendes or Parsonages of Tytherington 
& Horningsham alias Tiderington <fc Hornisham whereof Edward Hyde 
clarke was then Incumbent with all & singular Houses Edifices build- 
ings gleabe lands meadowes leasues pastures feedings woods vnderwoods 
commons tythes fruits oblacions obventions emolumentes profitts commo- 
dityes advantages k other hereditamentes whatsoever with all & singular 
the appurtenances to the said Moyety or halfendeale of the said Prebendes 
or Parsonages or to the said Edward Hide by reason of the said Prebend 
or Parsonage belonging or in any wise appertaining or which have been re- 
puted taken or knowne to be parte parcell or member of the same or of any 
parte or parcell thereof were by Indenture dated 13° Januarij 1°. Caroli 
demised by Edward Hide Clarke Prebendary or Parson of the one half or 
moyety of the Prebends or Parsonages of Tytherington & Horningsham in 
the county of Wilts vnto Richard Crowch of Titherington aforesaid yeo- 
man Habendum to him his heires and assignes for the naturall lives of 
the said Rich : Crowch & of Mary Crowch his daughter & 
lledditus xvj^' of Tristram Peirce son of William Peirce of Ashton k, the 
longest liver of them vnder the yearly rent of xvj'^ at the 
feastes of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary & S*. Michaell tharkangeJl 
by even porcions But are worth vpon Improvement over and above the said 
Rent per annum cvi". ij'. ij*^. 

If the rent be behinde by the space of three monethes being lawfully de- 
maunded h noe sufficient distresse vpon the premisses then a re-entry. 

The Lessee doth covenant for himself etc at his and their owne proper 
costes and charges as well the Moyetyes of the Chancells of Tytherington 
& Horningsham aforesaid as alsoe all houses edifices buildings hedges 
ditches fences and Inclosures of the premisses or any part thereof in and 
by all things well & sufficiently to repaire susteyne and mayntaine dureing 
the terme takeing from tyme to tyme sufficient tymber for the same grow- 
ing from the premisses. 

The Lessor doth covenant dureng the terme to beare pay and discharge 
all and everie summe & summes of money & all other charges ordinary and 
extraordinary whatsoever which shalbe due to the king his heires & suc- 
cessors, or to the ordinary or ordinaryes of the same place or to y* Curate 
or Curates or any other person or persons whatsoever or by reason of the 
premisses or any parte thereof or whereby it shalbe by any wayes or meanes 
be charged dureing the said terme And thereof and of every parte thereof 
and of the serveing of cures as well the said Lessee his executors etc as 
■alsoe the premisses and every parte thereof shall exonerate and discharge 
dureng the terme and further that the said lessee his heires etc dureing 
the terme under the said yearly rent & covenantes on his part to be per- 
formed may quiettly enjoy the premises without any lett or eviction of the 
Lessor his successors &c or any or any' other person lawfully clayming 

Or any persons apparently meant here. 



28 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

vnder him. Two lives in being Richard Crowch aged 47 & Mary twenty- 
five Wee finde that the estate of the premisses is still in Richard Crowch 
the Lessee. Walt' Foy Joh: Squibb Chr. Weare Geo: Fairley Ex*, per 
William Webb, Supervisor Generall, Date from endorsement Rec^. 4 Feb. 
1649. 



HIGHWORTH HUNDRED. 

Wilts ' Rectoria de Crioklade St. Sampsons. A Survey of the 
Prebend Rectorie or Parsonage of Cricklade S*^Samsons within the parrish 
of Cricklade aforesaide in the County of Wilts, with the rights members 
and appurtenances thereof late parcel of the possessions or late belonging to 
one of the Prebendaries of the Cathedrall Church of the Virgin Marie of 
Sarum in Com. Wilts made and taken by us whose names are hereunto 
subscribed in the month of December, 1649 by vertue of a commission (&c., 
as above). 

Annual rents reserved. All that Mansion or Ympropriate Parsonage 
house consistinge of a Kitchen a Hall a Parlour a Butterie, a milk house a 
larder fowre chambers a barne of six bayes of buildinge a stable & oxhouse 
of f oure bayes a wainhouse two gardens a courtyard and a Rickbarton cont. 
by estimation 01. 00. iiii". 

One close of pasture adioyning to the premisses called the Home Close 
cont. per estimation 07. OU. ix^ vj*. viij*^. 

One close of pasture called Pett close haveing a Lane dividing it from the 
said close called Home close on the north cont. per estimation 09. 00. xij". 

One close of pasture lying on the north syde of the barne called Culverhey 
cont. per estimation 07. 00. ix". vj*. viij^ 

One close of pasture called Hillclose having a close called Brownes on 
the north side thereof containing per estimation 09. 02. ix". x^ 

One close of pasture called Dudgmore lately enclosed out of a common 
moore called Dudgmore Cont. per estimation 4 acres to w**" alsoe belongeth 
12 beastes pastures in Dudgmore aforesaid 04. 26 perches. iij". 

Certaine parcells of ground lyinge in Kinges Marsh alias South meade 
called by the name of Tythe acres cont. per estimacion 27. 00. x^ x'. 

Certaine parcells of groundes or Laynes vsed for meadow viz*, one acre 
lyinge in Water furlonge and 2 acres in a place called the Hitchin in the 
common feildes of Cricklade mowen two yeares in three yeares cont : per 
estimation 03. 00. xxvj^ viij**. 

Certaine parcells of Arr. land lying dispersedly in a feild called Furfeild 
within the parrish of Cricklade cont : per estimation 06. 00. xxx". 

Certeine parcells of arrable in the middle there lyinge dispersedly cont. 
per estimation 6 acres, viz' 3 acres above Bidgeway & 3 acres below llidgway 
06. 00. xxx\ 

Certaine parcells of arrable land lyinge dispersedly in a feild called Read 
landes, cont. per estimation 02. 00. x'. 

Certaine parcells. of arrable land lying in a common feild called the 
Hitchin feild cont. per estimation 02. 00. x*. 

1 Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 179—180. 



Communicated by the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 29 

Certaine parcells of arrable land lyinge in a common called the Spittle 
cont : per estimation 03. 00. xv^ 

Totall nomber of acres 86. 2. 26 perches. Ixiij'*. xvl 

There is also belonging to the said Parsonage the Tythe of all corne and 
Graine within the said parrish (except of the Glebe which pay eth tythe to 
the Viccar The which tythe corne payable to the parson valet per annum 
Ixxx''. 

There is also payable to the said parsonage all Tythe hey of the said 
parrish (except of the said Glebe) which is vallued communibus annis per 
annum Ixxx*'. 

Wee find the premisses to bee in the tenure and possession 
[His title to be of Thomas Hodges Esquire but hath not produced any 

made good.] lease or graunt thereof vnto vs. 

Mr. Hodges his Lease of the premisses is entred in the Survey of the 
mannor of Cricklade alias Abingdon Court beinge both graunted in one 
demise to the said Mr. Hodges and the aportioned rent for the parsonage 
with the appurtenances returned in this survey is per annum ix". x'. j<^. ob. 
ix". x^ j*^. ob. 

Memorandum. The advowson right of patronage and presentation to 
the viccarage of S*. Sampson in Cricklade did belonge to the Prebendarie 
of the said Prebend . nowe to the State The Viccarage there is worth 
per annum C.li. The present Incumbent there is Mr. Andrewe Lynn. 
Wat, Foy Jo : Squibb, Chr. Weare. Exam : per Will. Webb supervisor 
generall. 1649 Date from endorsement. Recept. H^** Jan 1649 



KINGSBRIDGE HUNDRED. 

Rectoria de Wonbrowe co. Wilts. ^ A survey of the Rectory of 
Wanborough in Com. Wilts with the rights members and appurtenances 
thereof late parcell of the possessions belonging to the late Dean & Chapter 
of the Cathedrall Church of the Holy Trinity of Winchester made and taken 
by us whose names are herevnto subscribed in the moneth of September 
1649 by vertue of a commission (&c., as above). 

The reserved rent due to the Lord out of the rectory is per annum twenty 
poundes xx". per annum. 

There is likekewise entertainment or iij". instead thereof reserved by the 
lease to the Lord per annum three poundes iij". 

The Mansion house of the s*^ Rectory consisteth of a hall a parlour two 
kitchens two butteryes a daryhouse eight chambers a Barne a stable a 
carthouse one orchard a hoppyard conteins in the whole one acre w'^''. we 
value worth per annum five poundes v*'. 

The Gleabe land belonging to the said Rectory being foure yard landes 
and a halfe lying as followeth (viz*.) one close called Inlandes conteyning 
vijj acres of pasture inclosed wee value at xx'. amounting to per annum 
07. 00. vij'^ 

' Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys. Vol. XVI., pp. 292—294. 



30 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

One Close of Pasture inclosed called Clend Haies conteyning one acre & 
a halfe wee value at xx^ the acre amounting to per annum thirty shillings 
01. 02. xxx^ 

In Westfeild three acres of meadow or Layne w'*" wee value at xiij^ iiij*^. 
the acre amounting to per annum forty shillings 03. 00. xP. 

In the same Westfeild five acres of Arr : which wee value at five shillings 
the acre amounting to per annum twenty five shillings 05. 00. xxv^ 

In the East feild thirty three acres & one Hood of Arrable w'^'' wee value 
at 5*. the acre amounting to per annum eight pounds six shillings & three 
pence 033. 00. viij". vj^ 

In a feild called Corne Marsh three acres & one Kood of arr, w'=''. wee 
value at V. the acre amounting to per annum sixteene shillings three pence 

03. 01. xvj^ iij^ 

In a feild called Berrycroft eight acres of arrable ^"^ wee value at five 
shillings the acre amounting to per annum forty shillings 08. 00. xP. 

One Cottage in the tenure of William Eyles consisting of a house and 
backside a little hopp yard & a small close cont : per. estimation three Hoods 
& two cow leases W^ wee value worth per annum two poundes tenn shillings 
0. 3. \\ 

One house garden and close in the tenure of William Warren conteining 
by estimation one acre and one cow lease there vnto belonging wee value 
worth per annum three pounds 1. 0. iij''. 

In a feild above hill twenty acres of arrable which wee value at three 
shillings fourpence per acre amounting to per annum three poundes six 
shillings eight pence 20. 00. iij^\ vj^ viij"^. 

Theie belongeth to the said Rectory the goeng of twenty three cowes or 
horses in the common of Wanborough W'' wee value worth per annum 
vij'\ xiij'. iiij*^. vij^'. xiijl iiij'^ 

The fi'armour of the s^ rectory hath all Tythe Corne and hey within the 
parish of Wanborough (excepting the tythe of Earlescott and the hide feild 
belonging to the Viccar) w'*'' wee value worth communibus annis one hun- 
dred thirty five poundes twelve shillinges six pence Cxxxv". xij^ vj*^. 
Totall of the values of the said Rectory etc. amountes to 
per annum Clxxx^*. 

The improvement of the said Rectory the reserved rent of twenty three 
poundes payable to the lord and xx". payable to the Viccar in the lease 
expressed being reducted amount to one hundred fifty six pounds per 
annum Clvj'^ 

An Indenture of Lease dat. 20 Novemb, xv. Car. demising to Henry 
Hodges all their Rectory & Parsonage of Wanborough And alsoe their 
Mansion house of the Parsonage barnes stables dove houses, and all other 
houses buildings gardens orchardes Gleabe landes and all other landes 
tenementtts rentes reversions services tythes oblaciona fruites obvencions 
casuallityes profittes commodityes &l advantages And all fines heriotts 
amerciamentes perquisites of courtes to the said Rectory or to the said 
Deane chapter & their successors belonging (except & always reserved to 
the said deane etc the advowson guift patronage k presentacion of the 
viccaridge of Wanborough as often as it shall happen to be voyd (except 
also all such tythes & duties as to the Viccar there be due and belong 



Communicated by the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 31 

Habendum etc with all & singuler the premisses except before excepted) 
from Michaelmas last past for the terme of twentyone yeares vnder the re- 
served yearly rent of xx'\ at S' Thomas the Apostle & St. John Baptist by 
equal porcions and yeilding and paying to the viccar of Wanborough yearly 
xx^ at Michaelmas, onely the Lessee covenanteth to repaire the chappell 
of the said Rectory & all the premisses at his own proper cost & charges 
The Lessee twice in the yeare by covenant to finde the said Deane his Re- 
ceavour or any other the Prebend & their successours and his and their 
servantes etc coming to the said Parsonage on their prograce sufficient 
Mans meat & Horsemeate for one day and night & if the said deane etc 
come but once in the yeare then the lessee to pay to said deane &c xl.s. in 
lieu of the second entertaynment & if they come not at all in the year then 
the Lessee to pay three poundes instead thereof. The Lessor covenanteth 
to save harmlesse the Lessee dureing the said Terme & discharge him from 
the paym' of the yearly tenth due to the king out of the premisses & if the 
yearlie rent be behinde xl. dayes or the said xx«. to the Viccar then this 
Indenture to be voyd etc. Henry Hodges gent : present tenant to the said 
Rectory. There was twelve yeares of the saide terme to come the 29"» of 
Sept. 16i9. The Pight of presentation of the Viccar of the parish of 
Wanborough hath formerly bin in the Deane & chapter of 'Wynton being 
worth Communibus annis 100", which ariseth out of tythes wooll tythe 
lamb the tyth corne of Escott & the hide feild k other small tythes The 
present Incumbent Mr. John Harwood presented therevnto by the Deane 
& Chapter above xx yeares since. Pobt : Voyse Edward Hooker Jam 
Inarkes Fran. Hodges. Will. Webb supervisor generall 1644. 

KINGV^ARDSTONE HUNDRED. 

Wiltsi Rectoria de Burbage. A Survey of the Prebend Rectorie 
and Impropriate parsonage of Burbage with the rights members and ap- 
purtenances sett lyinge and beinge in Comit. Wiltes late parcel of the 
possessions or late belonging to the Cathedrall Church of the Virgin Mary 
of Sarum made and taken in the monethe of March 1 649. By vs whose 
names are herevnto subscribed, By vertue of a commission ((fee.). 

Thece is due and payable to the impropriate Rectorie or parsonage of 
Burbage aforesaid, The tythes of all corne and sorts of graine which is 
payable within the said parishe, which is out of 48 yard lands (The Farme 
of Woollfull beinge the Marquis of Hartfords only excepted which is 7 
yard lands it being exempted from payment of any corne to the parsonage) 
so the Tithe corne is onlye ariseinge out of 41 yard lands. There is alsoe 
payable to the said Parsonage all the Tithe hey of the said parishe of 
Burbage which is of about 80 acres All which Tithe is worth per annum cxx^' 

The advowson right of Patronage and presentation to the vicaridge of 
Burbage aforesaid is in the State, it formerly belonginge to the Prebendary 
of the late Prebend for the time beinge. 

The viccaridge there now Roofeles the dwellinge howse beinge wholly 

' Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., p. 243. 



32 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

decayed and fallen downe hauvinge only a poore Barne and stable of 3 
bayes of Buildinge, an orchard garden and backside containing in toto 3 
roodes and Foure acres of arrable Land lyinge in the common Southfeild 
of the said parish called B^ox Acres, and the small Tithes, due and pay- 
able to the Viccar there, and the Tithe of all Titheable coppices worth per 
annum xP'. 

The present Incumbent there is Mr. Thomas Taylor who officiates the 
cure by virtue of an order from the committee of the Countye of Wilts 
The said Rectorye and Parsonage aforesaid is now in hand and belongeth 
to the State. Returned (amongest other things) to the Regist'' Office for 
keeping the Surveys of Deane and Chapters Lands the 7th May 1650, by 
Walt Foye : Chr. Ware John Squibb: Geo. Fairley Surveyors Ex"^ Ra: 
Hall Regist. Dept 

Wilts.' Rectoria de Chute. A survey of the Rectory and impro- 
priate parsonage of Chute with thappurtenances thereof in Com. Wilts late 
parcell of the possessions or late belonginge to the late Prebendary of the 
Prebend of Chesinbury and Chute being parcell of the said Prebend 
founded in the Cathedrall Church of the Virgine Mary of Sarum made and 
taken in the moneth of March 1650. By vs whose names are hereunto sub- 
scribed by virtue of a commission (&c. as above). 

There belongs to the said Parsonage the tythe of all Corne and Graine, 
groweinge and reneweinge yearely within the said parrishe and the tithe of 
all Coppice Wood, all which Tythe is worth per annum cxxxiiij". ij*. vj^. 
All which premisses, That is to say, All that the parsonage and porcion of 
the Prebend of Chesinbury and Chute aliasa Chesingbury and Chute lyeinge 
and beinge within the Parrishe of Chute and alsoe all and all manner of 
Howses, Edifices buildinges, Tythes Meadowes, Leasues, pastures Lands 
tenements, and hereditaments with all other appurtenances whatsoever 
they be to the sayde parsonage and porcion of the sayde Prebend belong- 
inge or in any wise appertayneinge (excepted alwayes and reserved vnto 
Edward Hutchins Prebendary and his successors all manner of Timber 
Trees, and also the Advowson collacion and presentacion of the viccaridge 
of Chute aforesayd when and as often as the sayde viccaridge shalbee voyde) 
was per Indenturam datam 13° Maii 15. Jacobi demised by Edward 
Hutchins clarke Prebendary of the Prebend of Chesinbury and Chute in 
the Cathedrall Church of Sarum in Com. Wilts vnto Richard Sotwell 
of Chute aforesayde in the sayde Countye Gent : Habendum (except before 
excepted) vnto the sayde Richard Sotwell, his 
heires and assignes for and ,dureinge the lives of 
him the sayde Richard Sotwell, and of Roberte 
Sotwell the younger his Nephewe and Ann 
Richards, daughter of William Richards of Chute 
aforesayde, and the longest liuer of them under 
the yearly rent of xiij". vj*. viij^ at the Feasts of 
S'. Michaell tharkangell and thannunciation of 
the Virgine Marye by euen porcions. But are 
worth vppon Improuement over and above the 
sayde Rent per annum Cxxxvj". xiij'. iiij^. 

Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp 263—267. 



Redditus 






xiij". 


vj'. 


viij'*. 


apporcioned 


viz' 




Lands Oi. 


06. 


08. 


Tythes 12. 


GO. 


00. 


13. 


06. 


08. 


Will. Webb 1651. 


June 


24th 







Communicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodmgton. 3 3 

The Lessee doth covenante that either hee or one of the Ijiues before 
mencioned shall inhabite or keepe theire howsehold in the sayde mancion 
of the sayde porcion of the sayde Prebende or else shall keepe some sufR- 
ciente Tenante to keepe fire and howsehold there dureinge the terme, and 
alsoe to repaire the chauncell of the Parrish Church of Chute and the Par- 
sonage house with thappurtenances. 

The Lessor doth covenante to paye and discharge all manner of Tenthes 
subsidies and other payements whatesoever due or to bee due to the Kinge 
or his successors for or by reason of the premisses, and alsoe all other 
summes which shal bee due to the Deane of Sarum or his successors as 
alsoe which shalbee due to the Viccars Choralls of the Cathedrall Church 
of Sarum &c. 

If the sayde yearely Rent bee vnpayde for the space of 40*^* dayes beeinge 
lawfully asked then to forfeite 40^ for every moneth as the same Rent shall 
bee vnpayd' nomine pence and a Reentry vntill the sayde yearely Rent to- 
gether with tharrearages and euery summe or summes of 40 shillings as 
aforesayde bee fully satisfied and paid. 

Two Hues in beinge Robert Sotwell aged 34 yeares and Ann Richards now 
wife of Leonard Cockey aged 40 yeares. 

Memorandum that the aforesayd Lease was cancelled and surrendered 
and in consideracion of the surrender thereof and for and in consideracion 
of a competente summe of money in hand payde the Premisses were by 
another Indenture of lease bearinge date 7° Octobris 1642, IS*' Caroli againe 
demised by John Rogers Clarke, Prebendary of the Prebend of Chesinbury 
and Chute alias Chesingbury and Chute vnto Robert Sotwell of Chute 
aforesaid gent : Habendum for and dureinge the naturall lines of him the 
sayde Robert Sotwell and of Bridgett his wife and of William Sotwell 
Sonne of the sayde Roberte and Bridgett, and the longest liuer of them 
vnder the same Rents covenants, and reservacions as in the Former Lease 
are expressed, which last mencioned lease is voyde by Acte of Parliament 
as wee conceive. The presentacion to the Viccarage did belonge to the 
Prebendarye, now to the State. The Viccaridge there is worth 50'^ per 
annum ariseinge out of the Tythe of all Hey, wooll Lambe and priuy Tythes 
withine the parrish. The present Incumbent there is Henry Jolly. Ex 
per Will. Webb, supervisor generall 1650. Returned amoungst other things 
into the Regist'" Oflice for keepinge the Surveys of Deanes and Chapters 
Lands the 7'^ of May 1650. By Walter Foy Christ. Weare, Jo : Squibb 
Geo : Fairley Surveyors Ex'. Ra : Hall Regist. Dep*. 

Wiltes.^ Rectoria de CoUingborne [Kingston]. A Survey of the 
Rectory of CoUingborne Kingston with the rights members and ap- 
purtenances thereof lying and being in the Com. of Wilts parcell of the 
possessions or late belonging to the late Deane and Chapter of the Cathe- 
drall church of the Holy Trinity of Winton made by us whose names are 
herevnto subscribed in the moneth of September 1649 by vertue of a 
commission (&c., as above.). 

^ Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XVI., p. 285 et seq. 
VOL. XLL— NO. CXXXII. D 



34 The Church Survey in Wilts, Ui9^50. 

The reserved rent due to the Lord out of the sayd Rectory is per annum 
forty-two pounds [six] shillings & eight pence xlij". vj'. viij*^. 

There belongeth to the said Rectory a very faire Mansion house consisting 
of a hall, a very faire Parlour both wainscotted two kitchins two Butteryes 
two Cellers, a Brewhouse, a Malthouse eight chambers two of them wain- 
scotted, three small chambers to lodge servants in, foure Garetts three 
Barnes, one Fodder house, three stables a dove house well stored & other 
outhousings two Gardens one orchard and a yard conteyning by estimation 
three acres, the house in good repaire built part with tymber and parte 
with stone, covered with tyle, part with slate which wee valve worth per 
annum xiij". 3. 0.^ xiij^^. 

There belongeth to the said Rectory five acres of Meadow inclosed lyinge 
in Longcroft Shipcroft &, Lower Meade which wee value at twenty shillings 
per the acre per annum amounting to five poundes. 5. 0. v". 

The arable land belonging to the said Rectory lying in the comon feild 
viz\ in Prest land^and Daddycroft twelve acres and a halfe in the Lower 
Prestland xj. acres, in five Ridges two acres and a halfe in three acres feild 
two acres & in the yonder long land xiij acres two roodes & in the hither 
long land ten acres and a halfe all which we value at six shillings eightpence 
the acre per annum amounting to seaventeene pounds six shillings eight 
pence. 52—00- xvij^'. vj^ viij^ 

There is belonginge to the said Rectory one house a barn a garden and 
three acres of arrable in the Tenure of George Blanchett which wee value 
worth per annum 3. 0. xl'. 

There is alsoe one other house and garden therevnto belonging in the 
tenure of Nicholas Jarett which wee value worth per annum thirteene 
shillings & foure pence. 0. 0. xiij*. iiij*^. 

There is belonging to the said Rectory commons for nine cowes and a 
Bull in the cowcommons in the parish of Collingborne which wee value 
worth per annum xK 00. 00. xP. 

There belongeth to the said Rectory two hundred and forty sheepe 
commons on the common downes & feild of the said parish which wee 
value per annum forty shillings. x\\ 

Totall value of the Gleabe Lands amountes to per annum forty two 
pounds xlij^'. 

There belongeth to the said Rectory All the tyth 
the 14'^ of woll corne & hey within the said parish (except the Gleabe 
payable to y" vicar land which payeth tyth to the Viccar as alsoe tithe wooll 
. . . have not out of the foure farmes in the tenure of Mr. Long, Mr. 
. . . luded.' Andrews, Mr. Vince & Mr. Hide out of which is to be 
paid to y" Viccar out of Mr. Hide's farme foureteene 
pounds of wooll yearly, & there doth likewise belong to the said Rectory 
tyth lambs out of the foure farmes last mentioned & Tith wood within the 
aforesaid parish yearly, All which said Tythes belonging to the said Rectory 
wee value worth communibus annis Foure hundred & eighty pounds 
thirteene shillings & fourepence. CCCClxxx^' xiij». iiij"^. 

^ The arable figures indicate the acreage. 
^ Partly lost in binding. 



Communicated by the Ven. Archdeacon E. J, Bodington. 35 

Totall of the values of the said Rectory amount to per annum Dxxij". 
xiij\ iiijd. 

The Improvement of the same Eectory (the reserved rent of forty two 
pounds six shillings and eight pence, and the seaven pounds foure shilling 
& eight pence in the lease mentioned for severall payments being deducted 
amounts to cccclxxiij^ ij*. 

An Indenture of Lease bearing date xx**" November 15° Car. demising to 
S'. Francis Pyle Kn' and Barronett all that their parsonage of Kingston 
Collingborne and all the Tythes therevnto belonging to have & to hold 
the said Parsonage etc, from Michaelmas last past vnto the end and terme 
of twenty one yeares reserving alwayesvnto the said Deane & Chapter &c. 
the Patronage of the viccaridge there with all portions and dutyes belonging 
aforetyme to the same vnder the reserved yearly rent of xlij'^ vj^ viij*^. 
payable at St. Thomas the Apostle & Midsomer by equall portions : the 
Lessee covenanteth to repaire the premisses att his own proper cost & 
charges the Lessors to pay yearly by the hands of the Lessee all proxies 
and Synodalls and other spirituall charges goeing out yearly of the said 
Parsonage viz* to the Bishopp of Sarum xvj^ viij"^. and to his Chapter 
there xiij'. iiij*^. and to the Archdeacon of Chute five pounds and to the 
Archdeacon of Sarum vj^ viij'*. And vpon All Soules day to poore parish- 
ioners viij^ And of the spirituall charges the Lessee to make accompt 
yearly at the cathedrall &c at a prefixt day & there to ask allowance for 
the aforesaid payments proxies, and Synodalls which is vij^ xiij^ viij"^. the 
Lessee to keepe continuall household and to finde the Deane &c. once in 
the yeare convenient accommodation &c : the Lessor covenanteth to ratifie 
all lawfull actions justly taken in their name by the Lessee for the 
obteyning & recovery of their just rights or duties belonging to the church 
or Parsonage the same actions or suites to bee at the Lessees own proper 
j costes & charges And if the yearly rent be behinde six weekes then this 
indenture to be voyd <^c. 

The present Incumbent {sic) the Lady Pyle the relict of Sir Francis Pyle 
deceased. There was eleaven yeares to come of the said terme at Michaelmas 
last. 

The right of presentation of the Minister to the Viccaridge of the said 
parish hath formerly bin in the Deane and chapter of Winton being worth 
sixty poundes per annum. The present Incumbent, Mr. John Norris putt 
in by the Committee of the County of Wilts. Robt. Voyce Edw. Hooker 
Jam : Quarles. Fran : Hodges. Examt' per Will : Webb supervisor generall 
1649. 

Wilts.^ Proxfeild Rectory. A survey of the Rectory & Parsonage 
of Froxefeild in the County of Wilts with the Gleeb and tythes therevnto 
belonging, late parcell of the possessions or late belonginge to the late Deane 
and Cannons of the Free Chappell of S' George in Windsore made and 
taken by us whose names are herevnto subscribed in the moneth of October 
1649. By virtue of a commission (tfcc, as above). 

All the tythes ariseing comeing or belonging to the said Parsonage wee 
•estimate to be worth communibus annis 60^'. 0'. 0*^. 



^ Lambeth Parliame-ntary Surveys, Vol. XVI., p. 203. 

D 2 



86 TU Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

The totall vallew of the Gleab and Tythes l^^K 0^ 0-^. 

Memorandum all the before mentioned premisses 
Redditus. v^^. vj^ viij*^. were by the late Deane and Cannons aforesaid 
Two quarters of barley leased vnto Thomas Stephens and Marry his wife, 
. . . ed per annum by Indenture beareinge date the tenth day of May 
W 10^ 0^. 12'^ Car, To hold from Lady Day before the date 

yeares unexpired . . . vnto the end and terme of 21**" yeares paying yearely 
his (?) lease Lady day vnto the said Deane and Cannons and theire sue- 
next.^ cessors the somme of Five pounds sixe shilK 
eight pence and also one quarter of Barley att 
Michaelmas and O'. Lady day by equall portions and is worth vpon im- 
provement over and above the said rent per annum Lxix". iij^ iiij^. 

With covenants to repaire, to pay all taxes, The Lessee to pay to the 
Viccar of Froxfeild 7^'. 6'. 8"^. towardes the tenthes and 4'^. per annum 
towards theicure,To provide horsemeate and mansmeate for the steward and 
other officers, two nights and one day, not to alien except by will, Tymber 
trees reserved, except rough tymber to repaire to bee sett out by the steward 
with forfeiture fo| none payment of rent. The severall Rents & chardges 
issuinge out of the Rectory, being in all xviij'\ xiiij'. 

It is thus apportioned, viz' to be sould w'*' the lands 4. 00. 0. To 
remayne vpon the Tythes 14 14 0. In toto 18 14 0. 

Mr, Golden hath the Viccaridge house and garden, the Benefitt of the 
Churchyard and the Easter Book vallued per annum v". The Chancell 
in repaire, Retorn'd amongst other things the 31"^ October 1649. November 
21"* Will : Webb. 1650, 

Wilts. ^ Tidcome Shalborne & Greate Bedwin Rectories, A 

Survey of the Rectoryes of Tidcomb Shalborne, and greate Bedwyn with 
the rights members and appurtenances thereof, lying & being in the county 
of Wilts late parcells of the possessions, or late belonginge to the late Deane 
& Cannons of the Free Chappell of St. George in Windsore, made and taken 
by us whose names are here vnto subscribed in the month of October 1649. 
By vertue of a commission (&c., as above). 

All that the parsonage barne with appurtenances, & one yard land of 
arrable belonging to the said Rectory of Tidcome, lyeing intermixt in the 
common feilds, conteyning by estimation Twenty-six Acres more or lesse, 
value per annum x'\ 0*. 

All those tythes, ariseing comeing or groweing in the parrish of Tidcombe 
aforesaid are estimated to be worth per annum Ixx. 0. 

Mr* Holdford hath the cure of the parrish, and is allowed for his paines 
20'*. per annum. The Viccaridge is included in the Rectory. Wee are in- 
formed that one Mr, Yenly hath a lease of the premisses, whoe letts the 
same to one W", Woolridge of Berneham in the County of Southampton. 
The chauncell in repaire. This lease produced within time lymitted. 

Mr. William Ernly by indenture of lease beareinge date, the thirtieth of 
July in the seaventieth {sic) yeare of the Raigne of the late Kinge Charles 

^ Marginal note partly lost in the binding. 
' Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XVI., pp. 200—202. 



Communicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J, Bodington. 37 

graunted by the Deane and Cannons of Windsore, holds the last mentioned 

premisses. Habendum for the terme of twentie- 
Kedditus money viij^ one yeares to commence from the Annunciation 

Tenthes ' xij^ of the Virgine Mary before the date Reddendum 

Bushells of wheate xxiiij^ eight pounds at two termes of the yeare viz'. 
To the Curate xviij^'. Michaelmas k Lady day by equall Portions. 

And alsoe twelve shillings at Michaelmas onely 

In toto xxvij^'. xvj^ for tenths, and sixe bushells of cleane and 

sweete wheate, att Lady day onely, or soe 
Aportioned viz : — much money for the said wheate as it shall be 

To the lands 03. 10. 0. worth the next market day before the said 
To the Tythes 24. 6. 0. feaste at the choice of the Steward, and 

Eighteene pounds to the currate of Titcombe 

In toto 27. 16. 0. att foure feasts in the yeare viz*, att the 

Dec. 9'^ Will. Webb le.lO. Nativity of John the Baptist Michaell the 
Archangell the birth of the Lord, and the 
Annunciation of the Virgine Marye by even and equall portions. 

All that parsonage barne & one little cottage with appurtenances to the 
said Rectory of Shalborne belonging and two acres of Gleabe more or lesse, 
value per annum iiij'^ 

All those tythes arriseing comeing or groweing in the Parrish are estimated 
to bee worth communibus annis CVK 

Mr. Beniamine Somes hath the Viccaridge and is estimated to bee worth 
communibus annis 60". The Channcell out of repaire. 

M"^. Will™. Hore Gentleman by indenture of Lease bearing date the fourth 
day of November in the xvj"*. of the late King 
Redditus xij". Charles graunted by the Deane & Cannons of 

Thus apportioned vizt. W^indsore, Holdes all that the Rectory and 

To the lands 0. 5. parsonage of Shalbourne with the members 
To the Tythes 1 L 15. 0. and appurtenances from Michaelmas before 

the date vnto the full end and terme of Twenty 

In toto 12. 0. 0. one yeres under the reserved yearely rent of 

Will : Webb. Tenn pounds payable att Lady Day and 

Michaelmas and fortie shillings for a q^ of 
Wheate att Lady day. But is worth vppon improvement more and above 
the said Rents as by the particulars before certified appeareth Cxlj^i. q. 

All that the parsonage barne of the said Rectory of Great Bedwyn be- 
longinge valued per annum 1^^ 0^ 0<^. 

All those tythes ariseing, comeinge or groweing in the Towne or Hamlett 
of Stocke estimated to be worth communibus annis xvj'i. 0. 0. 

All those tythes of Bedwin and Ford valued per annum xx''. 0. 0. 

All those tythes of Westcombe vallued per annum lxx'\ 0. 0. 

All those tythes of Wilton vallued per annum Ixx". 0. 0. 

All those tythes of Martin vallued per annum xx". 0. 

All those tythes ariseing out of the two Graflfons vallued per annum 
Ixvj". 0. 0. 

All those tythes that William Hardinge payes vallued per annum vij^'. 0. 0. 

The Totall vallue of the barne and all the before mentioned tythes 



38 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—^50. 

which belong to the Rectory of Greate Bedwin is worth per annum 
CClxxviij". xiij^ iiij"^. 

M-i. the Deane and Cannons had the right of presentation in the Viccaridges- 
aforesaide. The Chancell in repaire. 

Vide an abstract of an Acte of Parliament in relation to the rectory of 
Great Bedwyne certiflfied on the next leafe. Theire was xij yeares vnexpired 
Michaelmas 1649. 

M^ in the first years of the late King James it was enacted and established 
by the said Kinge, by and with the consent of the Lords Spirituall and 
Temporall, and of the Commons of that present Parliament assembled, 
That the Earle of. Somersett his executors or assignes, should or might 
from thenceforth peaceably k quietly hold and enjoy, All that those Tythes 
of corn, hay, wooll, lambs and other tythes whatsoever, in Bedwyn Stoke, 
Wilton, Harden, Tinridge, Knoll, Puthall Chesbury, East Grafton West 
Grafton, Marten, & Wexcombe being parcel of the Prebend of Bedwyn in 
the County of Wilts from Michaelmas before the beginning of that Parlia- 
ment vnto the full end and terme of fourescore and nineteene yeares, Paying 
therefore yearely dureinge the saide terme vnto the Deane and Cannons of 
Windsor and theire successors the yearely rent of threescore and seaventeen 
poundes att two vsuall feasts in the yeare, viz', att Lady day & Michaelmas 
by even and equal portions. 29 November 1649 Pvetorned amongst other 
things the ZV^ of October 1649. Will : Webb 1650. 



MELKSHAM HUNDEED. 

Wilts.' Rectoria de Bulkington. A Survey of the Kectorie or 
portion of Tythes of Bulkington with the rights members and appurtenances 
thereof lyinge and beinge in the parryshe of Keevill in the County of Wilts 
parcell of the possessions or late belonginge to the Deane and Chapter of 
the Cathedrall Church of the Holie Trinitie of Winton made and taken by 
vs whose names are herevnto subscribed in the month of October 1649 by 
virtue of a commission (&c., as above). 

The profitts of the said Rectorie (beinge onelie the tythe of corne and 
hay within the tything of Bulkington) in the Parish of Keevill aforesaid 
wee vallue to bee worth 80'* per annum Ixxx*^ 

John Bond by Indenture of lease bearinge date 25° November 14° Jacobi 
graunted by the Deane and Chapiter of Winton holds the last mentioned 
premisses w'^ the appurtenaunces for and duringe the naturall lives of Robert 
Kercher, Elizabeth Kercher and Marie Kercher (three children of Robert 
Kercher doctor of Divinity) and the longest liver of them 
Redditus xj^*. vnder the reserved yearely rent of tenne pounds payable at 
Michaelmas onely and entertainment for the said Deane &c. 
for one day and one night or tweijty shillinges instead thereof yeareley but 
the said premisses is worth yearely vpon improvement over and above the 
said rent sixty nyne pounds per annum Ixix^ 

^ Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XVL, pp. 280 — 281. 



Communicated hy the Fen. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 39 

The Leasaee and his assignes and everie of them occupier of the said 
Parsonage duringe the said terme yearelie at his and their owne proper costs 
and charges to paie and beare all payments as well ordinary as extraordinary 
that the premisses or any part thereof or the said Deane &c. by reason of 
the premisses shalbee hereafter charged or chargeable as well to the King 
his heires or successors as to anie other person or persons whatsoever and 
thereof at his and their owne proper costs and charges shall allwaise 
hereafter discharge and keep indempnified the said Deane &c. 

The Leassee and his assignes by covenant to keep the premisses in repaire 
duringe the said terme. 

The Leassee and his assignes by covenant to finde the saide Deane etc 
their officers and servants Twice in the yeare by the space of one day and 
one night sufficient entertainment for six men and six horses or instead 
thereofilto pay unto the receiver of the said Deane &c at everie auditt twentie 
shillings. 

And if the said yearely rent be behinde after the feast dale aforesaid by 
the space of six weekes for everie such default y* leassee to pay to the said 
Deane fortie shillings And if the aforesaid yearelie rent bee behinde the 
space of sixe weekes more next after the aforesaid firste sixe weekes then 
the lease to be void. Elizabeth Kercher and Marie Kercher the wyves of 
Doctor Taylor and Mr. Christofer Gibbons the presente Tennants. The 
three lives all in beinge. Robert Voyce Edward Hooker James Quarles 
Fran. Hodges. Exam', per Will. Webb, superv^ gen^^ 1650. 



\^To he continued. 1 



40 



EAST WILTSHIRE MOSSES, HEPATICS, AND LICHENS,^ 

By Cecil P. Hurst. 

The following species were observed growing around Great Bedwyn, near 
Marlborough, in East Wiltshire, during 1918 and 1919. The locality con- 
tinues to produce rare and interesting plants, the character of the country, 
woodland, water, marsh, meadow, and downland, and the diversity of the 
soil, chalk, clay, and sand, tending to produce a varied flora. Including 
sub-species and seven mosses occurring on sarsen stones near Aldbourne 
and Marlborough, which are situated a little distance away from our district 
I have noted one hundred and eighty four mosses and forty-five hepatics 
in the neighbournood of Great Bedwyn ; the present list records fifty-two 
mosses, comprising fourteen species and five varieties new to North Wilts 
and two species and one variety which are new to South Wilts, and also 
includes twenty four hepatics, twenty-one of which have been hitherto un- 
recorded for North and five for South Wilts. There is a tract of sandy 
ground in the north part of Tottenham Park, bordering on Savernake 
Forest, and rising to nearly 600ft., which produces a very interesting 
moorland flora, rare in this chalky country ; here grow the mosses Rhacomi- 
trium canescens hoary greyish-green in colour, and the conspicuously red- 
fruited Funaria ericetorum, while the hepatics, Sphenolohus exsectiformii 
with its clusters of orange gemmae, and the typically moorland Gymnocolea 
injlata, find a congenial habitat among the heather and the ground is white 
with lichens, the lichen flora including Cladonia sylvatica (a close ally of 
the famous "Reindeer Moss" lichen), C.furcata^ C. uncialis^ G. coccifera 
a charming little species with fruits the colour of red sealing wax, Cetraria 
aculeata, var. hispida, interesting from its relationship to the well-known 
edible and medicinal "Iceland Moss" lichen {Cetraria islandica,) a mountain 
species which also grows in England and not further away than Wootton 
Heath, in Norfolk,where it has been suggested that it was left by a retreating 
glacier in the Ice Age, Parmelia physodes, a small state of which thickly 
encrusts the stems of the heather, and Baeomyces rosens, forming a pale 
grey crust on the earth, prettily relieved in the winter months by its pink 
fruits, borne on slender stalks. The sandy clay beds of the Beading Sands 
are very prolific in interesting plants,and it is on this substratum inChisbury 
Wood that the extremely rare mosses Catharinea tenella, Ephemerum 
serratum var. angustifolium, E. sessile, var. hrevifolium, and hepatics 
Fossomhronia Crozalsii, P. Husnoti var. anglica, Gephaloziella integerrima, 
and C. stellulifera are found. Other noteworthy moss records are the fine 
var. elatum of Mnium affine growing luxuriantly on boggy ground in 
Hungerford Marsh, the curious form of Mnium rostratum with obsolete 
leaf- teeth, which occurs on the gravel of Rhododendron Drive, Savernake 

^ The notes on Mosses and Hepatics will be printed also in the Journal 
of Botany^ and those on Lichens in the Marlh. Goll. Nat. Hist. Report. 



I 



JUast Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, and Lichens. 41 

Forest, the rare AmUystegium Kochii, plentiful and fruiting copiously in 
one place in an Epilobium hirsutum swamp at the source of the Shalbourne 
Stream, near Shalbourne, the uncommon A varium, growing on brickwork 
by a pool at Or of ton, and Hypnum giganteum, in Hungerford Marsh, a 
rehc of the primeval morass, the draining of which has reduced it to a 
small and impoverished condition, while interesting hepatics are the rare 
Crystalwort Hiccia bifurca, growing on rides in Chisbury and Bedwyn 
i^v^ilsW oods,B. commutata, rather plentiful in a stubble field near Froxfield, 
(it IS a plant of comparatively recent introduction to the British hepatic 
mxQ.,)Mars'upella Funckii forming blackish brown tufts on a ride in Oobham 
Frith Wood and the rare C ephaloziella Limprichtii growing on bare soil in 
1 ottenham Park and l^edwyn Brails Wood. I paid a visit to a sarsen-strewn 
valley in West Woods, near Marlborough, hoping to find some of the 
I aberrant sarsen stone mosses which form such a conspicuous and interesting 
■' feature of the moss flora of this country, but in this I was disappointed, for 
the sarsen stones were covered with a dense growth of Bryum capillare, 
Hypnum cupresiforme, and other common species, and with the exception 
ot a little Grimmia trichophylla, the sarsen stone species were conspicuous 
by their absence; Mr. Dixon wrote:— "I surmise that the special sarsen 
stone species are rather markedly xerophytic and get a hold on stones in the 
I open where other mosses find it difficult to live, but that in the wooded 
valley you refer to there is more shade or moisture, so that these commoner 
species have got their footing and excluded the Grimmiaceae, etc. But 
■ tins 18 rather guess-work." The following twenty-nine mosses which are 
generally uncommon or rare with capsules, I have found fruiting around 
(^reat ^Qdv^yn'.—Campylopusflexuosm, Barhida Hornschuchiana, Zygodon 
viridissimus, Orthotrichum Lyellii, PhilonotU fontana (a single capsule), 
Webera annotma, Bryum pallem, B. ineudo-triquetrum, Mnium affine var. 
I elatum (a single seta), Neckera piimila, N. complmiata, Pterogonium gracile 
Ihuidium tamarascinum,, Brachythecium albicans, B.rivulare, B.illecebrum, 
B purum, Eurynchium speciosum, E. Swartzii, E. jmmilum, Plagiothecium 
silvaticum, AmUystegium Kochii, A. filicinum, Hypnum stellatum, var. 
protensum, H, fluitans var. gracile (two capsules) H cordifolium, H. 
>^chrebeTi,^Hylov.omium splendens, and // squarrosum. Mr. Nicholson 
writes:— "The list of fruiting mosses which you send me is no doubt a 
very good one for a limited locality, but I am inclined to think that it bears 
more testimony to your careful search than to any very exceptional con- 
ditions in your district ; I have found all but four fruiting in Sussex, and 
1 think all somewhere. No doubt warmth assists some of the distinctly 
southern species to fruit such as Zygodon viridissimus, Barbula Horn- 
5^^^c^^a?^a and Pterogonium gracile, which are abundant and fruit freely in 
the Mediterranean region, but most of your plants are rather northern, and 
a suitable degree of humidity is perhaps the most essential condition." 

n\Q Census Catalogues of British Mosses (1907) and Hepatics (1913) have 
been followed in recording the following plants, and my best thanks are 
due to Messrs. H. N. Dixon, W. Ingham, H. H. Knight, W. E. Nicholson, 
^A fi • ^^^^^^^ ^^^ interesting notes and much kind assistance in 
Identification. For further information regarding the bryology of the district 
the reader is referred to my papers, "East Wiltshire Mosses " ( Wilts Arch 



42 East Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, and Lichens. 

iH/agr., xxxix., p. 449), and " East Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, and Land 
Shells " ( Wilts Arch. Mag., xl , p. 231). 

7=North Wilts. 8=South Wilts, c. fr.=with fruit. ■^=new vice- 
comital record. 



East Wiltshire Mosses. 

Catharinea tenella (Rohl). — 7^. Rather sparingly on the sandy clay of 
the Reading Sands on a ride in Chisbury Wood, Great Bedwyn ; the plants 
were sterile. Mr. Dixon writes : — " I think your Catherinea is certainly 
tenella : it has all the marks of it, as far as a sterile plant can have. Of 
course inflorescence or fruit would confirm it, but I think you may safely 
record it on the evidence of this." Mr. Nicholson agrees and says :— 
" Catherinea tenella Cd^n be determined with fair certainty from good sterile 
material." This moss is extremely rare and as far as the British Isles are 
concerned seems to be recorded elsewhere only from Bedgebury Wood, 
Goudhurst, Kent, where it was fownd by Sir James Stirling and Mr. E. S. 
Salmon in 1898. 

Polytrichum piliferum (Scheb.) and P.juniperinum ( Willd.). — 7, 8. These 
mosses are not uncommon in sandy places in Savernake Forest and Tot- 
tenham Park. 

Pleuridium axillare (Lindb.). — 7, 8. Abundant on the insides of cart 
ruts in Bedwyn Brails and Chisbury Woods and generally rather common 
in damp places on rides in Savernake Forest, always fruiting. P. suhulatum 
(Rabenh.). — 7, 8. Abundant on sandy ground in this district, c. fr. 

Dicramella rufescens (Schp.) — 7* In small quantity on damp clay by a 
pool near the Column Savernake Forest, c. fr. I), varia (Schp.)— 7, 8. This 
moss is widely spread and often grows on the bare surface of the chalk,c. fr. 

Campylopus Jlexuosus (Brid.). — 7. Fruiting in the north part of Totten- 
ham Park and also in Rhododendron Drive ; capsules seem to be rare in 
this species. G. brevipilus (B. & S.). — 7* In very small quantity in the 
north-east of Tottenham Park, near the Grand Avenue {teste Knight). 

Dicranum Bonjeani (De Not.). — 7. On the ground in small quantity in 
the north part of Tottenham Park ; " very short form," W. Ingham. 

Fissidens exilis (Hedw,). — 7"*. On clay in Chisbury Wood {teste Knight) 
c. fr. ; also c. fr, in Birch Copse, Savernake Forest. F. crassipes (Wils). — 
7*. C. f r. on the brickwork of a sluice by the Kennet and Avon Canal at 
Great Bedwyn ; also very fine and c. fr. on the brickwork of a sluice by the 
River Kennet near Ramsbury ; this moss generally grows on stones in 
streams in calcareous districts. 

Grimmia trichophylla (Grev.). — 7. In rather small quantity on sarsen 
stones in a valley in West Woods, Marlborough. G. suhsquarrosa{^\\^.)— 
7. A form almost without hair points on sarsen stones in Lockeridge Dean, 
Marlborough ; I suggested that this might be an immature form, and Mr. 
Dixon wrote : — " I think your surmise about the G. subsquarrosa is probably 
correct, that it is a comparatively immature growth. It appears to be of 
no great age, which agrees with your observation, though on the other hand 
it is rather well grown for a young plant and does not appear at all dwarfed 



Bij Cecil P. Hurst. 43 

or stunted, as var. edinensis seems to be. Of course the hair points are as 
a rule rather short." This moss is extremely rare in fruit, and to a question 
as to its method of propagation Mr. Dixon wrote : — " This species frequently, 
if not normally, has multicellular gemmae in the axils of the upper leaves, 
and I expect the propagation is chiefly by these. In fact Limpricht gives 
Cr. subsquarrosa as a synonym of his G. Muhlenhecldi ionim propagulifera.''' 

Rhacomitriuui canescens (Brid.). — 7"^. In small quantity on earth in the 
north part of Tottenham Park. 

Pottia minutula (Fiirnr.) forma. — 7. On the ground near Savernake 
Lodge ; " a form with rather narrow and elongate capsules," Dixon. 

Tortula laevipila, var. laevipilaeformis (Limpr.). 7''^ On trees in 
Tottenham Park, near the Durley Gate ; with well-marked foliose gemmae 
{teste Nicholson). T.papillom (Wils)— 7. Tree near Chisbury Wood, 
Great Bedwyn ; it appears to be thinly scattered throughout the district 
on trees, occurring veryrarely on stone. 

Ephemerum serratum (Hampe).— 7*, 8*. C fr. on bare spaces in Saver- 
nake Forest, Tottenham Park, Chisbury Wood, and Foxbury Wood, not 
uncommon ; a delicate little plant with persistent protonema and lanceolate 
serrated leaves. E serratum var. angustifolium (B. & S.)— 7"^ C. fr. on 
sandy clay soibin Chisbury Wood ; j\Ir. Nicholson writes :— "I make your 
Ephemerum E. serratum var. angustifolium ; I have not found any ripe 
spores but the leaves are as they are figured in Bryologia Europaea, less 
serrate than in the type." The Census Catalogue records this only from 
West Kent, North Essex, and hJouth Lancashire. E. sessile var. brevifolium 
(Schp.).— 7*. C. fr. in considerable quantity on sandy clay soil in Chisbury 
Wood ; Mr. Nicholson writes :— " I do not think it is always very easy to 
draw a sharp line between the var. brevifolium of Ephemertmi sessile and 
the type ; I should refer your material to the var., but some plants suggest 
that the type is there also. Ephemerum serratum and E. sessile usually 
* grow in slightly different habitats, E. sessile preferring damper situations 
and a more finely granulated soil, sand passing into clay, and it also likes 
places where water has stood from time to time." The Census Catalogue 
only records this very rare plant from East Sussex and Cheshire 

Physcomitrdla patens (B. & S.)— 7^ 8^ C. fr. on the drying mud of a 
dew pond upon the downs near Wexcombe, S. Wilts ; in quantity on mud 
near Polesdown's Farm, 8halbourne, which was in Berks, by the old county 
boundaries but is now in S. Wilts ; near Stype Wood on mud ; and inside 
the chinks of dxying mud near Chisbury Wood. 

Funaria ericetorum (Dixon)— 7^. C. fr. rather sparingly on heathy 
ground in the north-east part of Tottenham Park ; a very pretty shapely 
little plant with bright red capsules, fruiting in mid -winter. Mr. Knight 
writes : — " Funaria ericetorum is a moorland species in the north, but in 
the south it seems to prefer woods. The Census Catalogue is more than 
ten years old, since it was published I have ft)und Funaria ericetoi^um in 
I Parkhurst Forest, Isle of Wight, and also in Wyre Forest, Worcestershire." 

Philonotisfontana (Brid.)— 7, 8. Abundant in damp places and on rides 
all over Savernake Forest and occurring plentifully in Tottenham Park ; 
[Sonie of the immature forms were very attenuated, reminding one of 
\Philonotis capillaris. 



44 . East Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, and Lichens. 

Wehera annotina (Schwaeg.) 8. About capsule-bearing plants from the 
locality at Dod's Down Brickworks, where this species fruits so freely, Mr. 
Nicholson wrote : — " The fruiting specimens of Wehera annotina are much 
finer than I should have expected to see in the South of England." Mr. J. 
A, Wheldon. tells me that though abundant near Liverpool, it never fruits 
there ; he writes : — " Our form has the longer ' glove-like ' gemmae and I 
see yours has them with the bulbous base. Perhaps some of these variations 
are more fertile than others 1 Or it may be a mere matter of accident that 
the male and female plants happen to occur together." W. annotina, var. 
erecta (Corens). — 7. This variety is widely spread and not infrequent in 
Savernake Forest. W. carnea (Schp) — 8. On wet clay in Chisbury Wood ; 
very plentiful on the clayey sides of the Shalbourne Stream between 
Hungerford and Shalbourne ; also on clay at Merle Down Brickworks, 
Great Bedwyn ; fine and plentiful on the sides of a ditch near Little Bed- 
wyn Vicarage. 

Bryum pseudo-triquetruni (Schwaeg.) — 7. C fr. in a marsh near Hun- 
gerford. B. caespiticium (L.) — 7. 0. fr. on a wall at Marlborough. B. 
murale (Wils.).— 7, 8. C. fr. wall at Shalbourne ; c. fr. wall at Oxenwood ; 
c. fr. wall near Budge Manor, Froxfield ; not uncommon on the mortar of 
old walls in this district, fruiting freely. 

Mnium affine var. elatum (B. & S.). — 7* Very plentifully in one locality 
in Hungerford Marsh ; Mr. Ingham found a seta among a series of plants 
I sent him from this locality. M. yostratum (Schrad.) forma. — 7. A form 
with edentate leaves occurred at various places on the gravel of Rhododendron 
Drive, Savernake Forest ; Mr. Dixon wrote : — " Your form of Mnium 
rostratum is a very marked one ; I do not remember to have seen it with 
leaves practically entire. The habit and cells preclude M. affine var. 
rugiceum. M. integrum Bry. jav. agrees exactly, but is dioicous. If you 
can find flowers it will be very interesting to know whether or not it is 
dioicous, if so it is certainly the same ; if synoicous it would I think be 
worth describing as a variety, I should suggest var. integrum.'^ Up to 
the present I have been unable to find inflorescence. 

Leucodon sciuroides (Schwaeg.). — 7. I found this moss in Savernake 
Forest with the numerous gemmiform branchlets which are mentioned on 
p. 405 of Dixon's Student's Handbook ; they do not appear to be very 
frequently produced in this district. 

Leshea polycarpa (Ehrh.) — 7. 8. 0. fr. at the base of several trees by a 
watercourse near Little Bedwyn ; an attenuated form grew four or five 
feet above the foot of a tree by the Shalbourne Stream nearStandenManor, 
Hungerford, and llv. Dixon wrote : — " Your Le&kea is certainly a small 
form, probably stunted from lack of moisture." 

Anomodon viticulosus (Hook & Tayl.). — 7, 8. This common species of 
calcareous districts is frequent and widely spread around Great Bedwyn 
but I have been unable to find capsules. 

Thuidiuni tamarascinum (B. & S.) — 7. After much search for the fruit 
of this fine handsome moss, which is not commonly produced, I was very 
pleased to discover about half-a-dozen capsules in a wood near Savernake 
Lodge, on the 5th Dec, 1918. 7\ recognitum var. pseudo tamarisci (Limpr.). 
— 8* By the roadside nearly Botley Down, Great Bedwyn {teste Ingham). 

Climacium dendroides (Web. & Mohr.) — 7*, 8. Fine plants in a piece of 



J 



By Cecil P. Hurst. 45 

boggy ground by the side of the railway near Stagg's Lock, on the Kennet 
and Avon Canal, Froxfield, North Wilts ; also on marshy ground south of 
the Kennet and Avon Canal between Great Bedwyn and Crofton : a hand- 
some dendroid (tree-shaped) moss. 

Brachythecium albicans (B. & S.) — 7. Fruiting copiously on thatch by 
the side of the London and Bath Road near Hopgrass Farm, Hungerford ; 
the fifth locality near Great Bedwyn in which I have found this moss with 
capsules. B. rutabulum (B. & S.) — 7. A form with capsules about as large 
as those of B veluthium occurred in a hedgebank near Chisbury, and Mr. 
Dixon wrote : — " The capsules of your B. rutahulum are certainly small 
but they would not come under any recognized var." 

Eurynchium piliferum{B. & S )— 7, 8. Widely spread and not uncommon 
among short grass throughout the district. JS. Swartzii (Hobk.) — Forma 
8. A form which Mr. Dixon said showed a " distinct approach " to var. 
rigidum (Boul.) occurred near Merle Down Brickworks. E. pumilum 
(Schp.)— 7. On the ground at Chisbury Camp, Great Bedwyn. E. curvi- 
setum (Husn.).— 7. C. fr. in three or four places by the side of the Grand 
Avenue, south of Eight Walks, Savernake Forest. E. striatum (B. &. S.) — 
7. C. fr. in a wood near Savernake Lodge ; it apparently fruits very 
sparingly in this district. E. murale (MiJde.) — 7. On a stone by the side 
of the London and Bath Road near Woronzoff Lodge, Savernake Forest. 
Amblystegium Kochii (B, & S.) — 8. This rare moss occurs plentifully and in 
one place fruits copiously in an Epilohium hirsutum swamp at the source of 
the Shalbourne Stream, near Shalbourne. Mr. Nicholson mentions it can 
can be distinguished from any form of Hypnum adiincum by the short cells 
and absence of auricles. A. varium (Lindb.) — 7"^'. On brickwork by 
water at Crofton Engine House, near Great Bedwyn {teste Knight). A 
filicinum (De Not.). — 7. C. fr. in Hungerford Marsh. 

Hypnum stellatum var. protensum (Rohl.) — 8. Plentiful in a bog near 
Webb's Gully Wood, where it grows with the very rare Wiltshire flowering 
plants, the beautiful Marsh Orchid, Epipactis palustris and the Broad - 
leaved Cotton Sedge, Eriphorum latifolium. H. aduncum \di.Y.falcatum 
(Ren.). — 7.* Marshy ground between Little Bedwyn and Froxfield. H. 
aduncum var. polycarpon (Bland.). — 8. By the margin of a dewpond on 
the downs near Tidcombe, " quite characteristic," J. A. Wheldon. H. fluitans 
var. JeanbernaU (Rem.). — 7^. In small quantity by the side of a pool near 
the Column, Savernake Forest ; Mr. Wheldon writes:— "The Hypnum is 
fairly typical Hyp. fluitans var. Jeanhernati (Ren.) The nerve is wide, but 
still within the range of Jeanhernati and not reaching the diameter of that 
oi atlanticum,d,ndi the cell structure is quite typically that of vsly. Jeanhernati] 
it is a small example of this variable var." H. falcatum (Brid.). — 7*. 
Plentiful in a little bog in Hungerford Marsh, near the Bedwyn Brook ; 
this species is rather curiously absent from Sussex, and Mr. Nicholson 
writes : — " I had an idea that I possessed a very old record for Hyp. falcatum 
[in West Sussex but I cannot trace it and I have certainly never found the 
imoss in the county myself." H. Patientiae (Lind.). — 7*. A small form on 
isandy clay in Chisbury Wood {teste Nicholson). H. giganteum (Schp.) — 7*. 
i:Very sparingly in Hungerford Marsh, growing with AInium a^ne var. 
\latum ; "a very small form with weJl developed auricles; I have a Surrey 



46 East Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, and Lichens. 

specimen just a little larger than yours," Ingham. This moss is probably 
a relic of a time when Hungerford Marsh was in a much wetter and more 
undrained condition. 

East Wiltshire Hepatics. 

Biccia hifurca (Hoflfm.). — 7*, 8*. This rare plant occurred rather 
sparingly on rides in Chisbury and Bedwyn Brails Woods {teste NicLolson) 
and also grew in Savernake Forest. The interesting Riccias or Crystal- 
worts form complete rosettes on damp soil, and are generally found in 
autumn, winter, and spring, but some are also to be seen in summer ; 
upwards of one hundred and forty species are known, the majority being 
inhabitants of the Southern Hemisphere. Few species are found in 
Northern Europe. R. commutata (Jack). — 7* Plentiful in a stubble field by 
the side of the l^ath Road near FroxJSeld, growing with R. sorocarpa and 
R. glauca {teste Nicholson). Mr. Nicholson writes :— '* Riccia commutata 
usually grows in stubble fields while R. hifurca is perhaps more frequent 
in rides in woods though it also occurs in stubble fields ; R. glauca, 
R. sorocarpa, and R. commutata all grow together here (Lewes) in the same 
stubblefields. R. commutata has violet colouring and often a few ciliae, 
but I have frequently had great difiiculy in distinguishing R. glauca 
and R. commutata in the field in spite of the considerable real differences 
between the two species, and this difficulty is increased in a wet sunless 
autumn like the present (1918), as it does not give R. commutata a chance of I 
developing quite normally. If the late summer and early autumn are dry 
all the species tend to become very scarce ; in a very wet season R. glauca 
will probably predominate while R. commutata is more abundant in a 
moderate season. From what you say I should think that R. glauca was 
the more abundant with you this year." R. glauca (L.). — 7^. Stubble 
field near Froxfield and also in Savernake Forest. R. sorocarpa (Bisch.). — 
7*, S"^. Not uncommon on damp earth throughout the district, Savernake | 
Forest, Chisbury Wood, Bedwyn Brails, etc., easily recognized by its bluish 
green colour and deeply furrowed frond. 

Conocephalum conicum (L.) Dum.) — 8. Very fine on the brickwork of a 
sluice near Shalbourne ; brickwork of the Bruce Tunnel on the Kennet and 
Avon Canal at Savernake. Pellia Fahhroniana (R^didii) — 7,8. Common on I 
very wet and damp ground ; this species generally affects calcareous soil j 
and the furcate apices of the thallus are a conspicuous character in autumn j 
and winter. I 

Fossomhronia pusilla (L.) (Dum.)— 7*, 8. Plentiful on the insides of cart I 
ruts in Chisbury Wood ; Foxbury Wood. F. W ondr aczeki {Qovdi&) (Dum.) ' 
7*. Chisbury Wood and on damp clay by the side of a pool near the i 
Column, Savernake Forest {teste Nicholson). F. Crozalsii (Corb.)— 7"^. A \ 
plant bearing a single capsule on sandy clay in Chisbury Wood ; with re- | 
gard to this extremely rare plant Mr. Nicholson writes : — " Mr. Symers j 
Macvicar seemed to be quite satisfied about the Foss. Crozalsii, so I think j 
you would be justified in recording it. It is, of course, rather a critical ! 
plant and very little material of it is available, M tiller was unable to get j; 
any to figure in his work ; I am inclined to agree with Mr. Macvicar that 



By Cecil P. Hurst 47 

it is rather close to F. Wondraczeki. F. Crozalsii was recorded by me as 
a British plant from the Lizard in the Journal of Botany for Jan., 1917 (p. 
10) and the identification was confirmed by M. Douin, but the plant was not 
quite typical and your plant agrees better with the original type than mine ; 
I fancy that in the fieJd the typical plant is small and you would be more 
likely to take it for F. Wondrazceki than for F. Husnoti. I found Foss. 
Crozalsii at the Lizard in wet places on the cliffs facing the sea — a little to 
the east of the Housel Bay Hotel, often growing with Riccia Lescuriana Siud 
R. sorocarpa. Moisture was usually oozing from the ground and flowing 
over the surface of flattish rocks ; it was growing in fair sized tufts for a 
Fossombronia. Foss. Crozalsii has violet rhizoids and very distinctly areo- 
late spores and Mr. Macvicar considered your specimen typical." F. 
Husnoti Y?ir. anglica (Nichohon)—!*. In considerable quantity on sandy 
clay in Chisbury Wood : a very rare plant. Mr. Nicholson writes :— " The 
Fossombronia which you sent me from Chisbury Wood with hyaline 
rhizoids is F. Husnoti var. anglica ; Mr. Macvicar referred it to the var. 
and the examination of the abundant material' which you kindly sent me 
and which I have had in cultivation has convinced me that he was correct. 
'J'he type which does not occur in Britain I have had sent me from Genoa. 
I have also received the var. anglica from Llandovery, in S. Wales, and I 
gathered it myself in Babbacombe Bay, Torquay, on the east side of the 
bay, and on the moorland between the Lizard and Kynance Cove ; it was 
local in both stations, and grew in fair sized tufts on clayey^oil at Babba- 
combe Bay and in very small tufts at the Lizard. It is probable that many 
of the plants recorded from the West of England as F. caespitiformis may 
really belong to F. Husnoti var. anglica. The spore sculpture, in fact, of 
the var. anglica, though there is an occasional tendency to form a reticu- 
lated surface, does not (differ materially from F. caespitiformis \ the 
principal character is, of course, the hyaline rhizoids, but in a genus where 
violet rhizoids are so marked a feature, this departure must be allowed 
some weight. F. Husnoti var. anglica differs from the type in the smaller 
spores and in their having the warts and ridges much less definitely com- 
bined to form a clear reticulation of the surface. Schiffner and others 
make much of the fact that the elaters in F. Husnoti both type and var. 
are frequently 3-spiral but I have not infrequently found similar elaters in 
otherwise typical F. caespitiformis.''^ 

Marsupella Funchii (Web. et Mohr.) (Dum.) — 7.* In fair quantity in one 
place on a ride in Cobham Frith Wood, near Knowle Farm, Savernake. 

Alicularia scalaris (Schrad.) (Corda.) — 7.^ Heathy ground in the north 
part of Tottenham Park. 

Gymnocolea inflata (Huds.) (Dum.) 7."^ A moorland plant which grew 
in some quantity in several places on heathy ground in the north part of 
Tottenham Park, a few perianths were observed. 

Lophozia turbinate (Raddi) (Steph.) — 7."^ This calcicolous species, the 
presence of which always denotes the existence of lime, occurred in small 
quantity in a chalk pit by a roadside near Ramsbury. L. bicrenata 
(Schmidt.) (Dum.)— 7.* Upon sandy ground on a ride near the Column, 
Tottenham Park ; also on a ride near Eight Walks, Savernake Forest; a 
jtiny species, the smallest of its genus, it can be recognized by its scent. 



48 East Wiltshire Mosses, Ilepatics, and Liche^is. 

Sphenolohus exsectiformis (Breidl.) (Steph.)— V."^ In rather small quantity 
among heather in the north part of Tottenham Park ; the orange gemmae 
which are thickly clustered on the leaf apices give this plant a very tawny 
appearance to the naked eye. 

Chiloscyphus pallescens (Ehrk.) (Dum.) — 8.* Very wet place in Bedwyn 
Brails Wood ; by a rivulet in Foxbury Wood ; bog near Burridge Heath ; 
by a slip this plant was recorded in my paper, " East Wiltshire Mosses^ 
Hepatics, and Land Shells (Wilts Arch. Mag.^ xl., 231) d,% C . polyanthus, 
which I have not found in Wiltshire. 

Cephalozia biscuspidata (L.) (Dum.)— 7,* 8. North part of Tottenham 
Park with perianths ; also a small form in Foxbury Wood ; it occurs plenti- 
fully on moist soil near the Duke's Vaunt Oak, in Savernake Forest. 

Cephaloziella hyssacea (Roth.) (Warnst.) — 7,* 8.* North part of Totten- 
ham Park ; Chisbury Wood ; on clay at Dod's Down Brickworks ; Fox- 
bury Wood. G' integ€rrima{hmdh.){WdiYT[iBt.) — 7.* Some small colonies 
upon sandy clay on a ride in Chisbury Wood ; this rare plant is only recorded 
from Sussex. Mr. Nicholson writes : — " I have not seen any specimens 
from outside Sussex before and the condition of your plants suggests it 
does well with you." A few perianths were noted in the Chisbury Wood 
plants." C. stellulifera (Taylor MS.) (Schiffn.)— 7.^ North part of Totten- 
ham Park ; on sandy clay in Chisbury Wood {teste Nicholson), a rare species. 
G' limprichtii (Warns.) — 7,* 8."^ On earth upon a walk in the north part 
of Tottenham Park ; on a ride in Bedwyn Brails Wood {teste 'Kmgh.t and 
Nicholson) ; a rare plant found on moist, sandy, and loamy soil. 

Scapania irrigua (Nees.) (Dum.) and S. curta (Mart.) (Dum.) — 7. These 
hepatics are rather frequent in Savernake Forest on rides, perhaps S- curta 
is the commoner of the two ; Mr. Nicholson wrote about some plants of the 
latter species from Savernake Forest that I sent him : — "I have a long series 
of plants of S. curta from Italy to Lapland, but I cannot find any with the 
cell- walls quite so thin as in your examples ; the leaves on your specimens 
have the shape and general appearance of those of aS'. curta and I presume 
that they came from a damp heavily shaded locality. In some ways your 
plant reminds me of certain forms of S. irrigua ; the species and forms of 
Scapania are often very critical and ample well -grown specimens are 
necessary for a very accurate determination." 

Microlejeunea ulicina (Tayl.) (Evans) — 7,* 8.* On a beech in a copse 
near Ramsbury ; beech-trunk in Foxbury Wood ; Mr. Knight mentions 
that the favourite tree of this species is beech ; it also occurs plentifully on 
beeches near Rhododendron Drive, Savernake Forest. 

Frullania Ihmarisci (L.) (Dum.) — 7. On sarsen stones in Clatford 
Valley, near Marlborough. 



East Wiltshire Lichens. 

Scarcely any attention has been paid to these ubiquitous but much 
neglected plants in Wiltshire, and very few records for the county are 
available. The following species, nearly fifty in number, were observed 
growing around Great Bedwyn and near Marlborough in 1919. A drawback 



By Cecil F, Hurst. 49 

to lichen study in this chalky country is the absence of rock, but the tree 
trunks, especially the beeches in Savernake Forest and elsewhere, and the 
(lints and sarsen pebbles inTottenham Park produce someinteresting species, 
while thatched roofs are always worthy of careful examination, Cladonia 
pyxidata var. lepidophora abundant on thatch near Hivar, Physcia aquila 
on sarsen stones in the" Valley of^Rocks," near Marlborough, the rather 
rare Phaeographis inusta on trees in Savernake Forest, and the somewhat 
uncommon var. parallela of Graphis elegans on a birch near Rhododendron 
Drive, Bedwyn Common, are interesting records. In the present list the 
nomenclature and arrangement of A. Boistel's '^Nouvelle Flore des Lichens,^' 
a most excellent little work, have in the main been followed, and Mr. R. 
Paulson, the well-known lichenologist, has very kindly named the plants. 
It is to be hoped that the publication of Miss A. L. Smith's fine Monograph 
on British Lichens by the Trustees of the British Museum will stimulate 
an interest in this little-known but very interesting branch of natural 
history. 

Usnea harhata (L.) — 7, 8. Fairly common on tree trunks. 

Cladonia sylvatica {Ach.) —*7 . On a heathy tract in the north part of 
Tottenham Park among heather ; also very sparingly in Chisbury Wood. 
G. furcata (Ach ) and C' uncialis (Ach.)— 7. These species grow among 
heather in the north part of Tottenham Park. C. squamosa (Del.) — 7. 
Thatched roof in Great Bedwyn village; var. delicata (Ehrh.) — 
Thatched roof at Shalbourne ; Miss Smith states this var. is somewhat 
scarce throughout England. C. pyxidata (Ach.) —7, 8. Rather common on 
sandy ground throughout the district ; var. Icpidocarpa (Floerk.)-8. In 
abundance on a thatched roof at Rivar with G.fimhriata, G. macile?ita Sind 
O. Floerkeana ; Miss Smith mentions this var. was " seen only from Central 
and W. England, N. Wales, and N. E. England " ; var. chlorophaea 
(Floerk)— 8. Sandy ground at Dod's Down Brickworks. Cfimhriata 
(Ach.) — 7, 8. Not uncommon on sandy ground. G. coccifera (Ach.) 7. 
Among heather in the north part of Tottenham Park and in an old excava- 
I tion for gravel in Savernake Forest. C. macilenta (Krb.) — 7, 8. On a 
r stump in Savernake Forest near Savernake Lodge ; thatch at Merle Down 
Brickworks; thatch near Rivar. C. Floerkeana {Y v.) — 8. Thatch at Merle 
Down and Rivar. C. caespititia (Pers.) — 7. Plentifully on a thatched roof 
in Great Bedwyn village ; a beautiful plant. 

Ramalina calicaris v&v^fastigata (Pers.)-^7. Tree between Great Bedwyn 
and Bloxham Copse ; vSiT.farinacea (\j.) —7, 8. Growing with the previous 
var., fine specimens ; also on a beech in " Rivar Firs," near Rivar, sparingly 
farinose, and in Savernake Forest. 

Evernia prunastri (Ach)— 7, 8. Common on trees all through the dis- 
trict ; during the Napoleonic wars this lichen was collected in large 
quantities to afford gum for the calico printers. 

Cttraria aculeata var. hispida (Cromb.)— 7. Among heather in the north 
part of Tottenham Park. 

Platysma glaucum (Linn.)— 7. On several trees near Rhododendron 
Drive, Bedwyn Common. 

Peltigera canina and P. polydactyla (Hoff.) — 7, 8. Not uncommon in 
grassy places. 

VOL. XLL— NO. CXXXII. E 



60 East Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, and Lichens, 

Parmelia saxatilis (Ach.) — 7, 8. Abundant everywhere on tree trunks. 
F. physodes (Ach.) — 7, 8. Very common on trees, palings, heather, etc. P. 
caper ata {D.C) — 7,8. This large handsome species with pale yellowish- 
green thallus is very common on trees throughout the district. P. conspersa 
(D.C.) — 7. Rather common on sarsen stones in the " Valley of Rocks," near 
Marlborough, producing dark-brown apothecia ; a large lichen with greenish 
straw-coloured thallus. P. exasperata (Nyl.) — 7. Sarsen stones in the 
" Valley of Rocks," Marlborough. P. fuliginosa var. laete-virens (Nyl.) — 
7,8, Common on trees. P. omphalodes (L.)-7. On sarsen stones in the 
" Valley of Rocks," Marlborough ; one of the dye lichens used to dye fabrics 
a purple colour. 

Anaptychia ciliaris (Ach.)— 7, 8. Oh a tree by the Shalbourne stream, 
near Standen Manor, Hungerford, and on trees near, the Reservoir, Totten- 
ham Park. 

Physcia aquila (Ach.) — 7. Sparingly on sarsen stones in the " Valley of 
Rocks," Marlborough ; Miss Smith records this lichen as growing on rocks 
in maritime districts and rarely on hills some distance from the sea, so it is 
interesting to note its occurrence on the Marlborough sarsen stones. 

Xanthoria parietina (Ach.) — 7, 8. Common on roofs, walls, etc., also 
occurring on trees ; this plant is the orange-yellow lichen which is such a 
familiar object on slate roofs, buildings, gates, etc. 

^- Placodium cdnescens (Ach.)— 7, 8. Common on brick, walls ; also atrthe 
base of a yew at Little Bedwyn and on a yew near Shalbourne Newtown. 

Lecanora subfusa (Ach.)^-7. The aggregate species is common on smooth- 
barked trees in Saver nake Forest, some plants were placed under var. 
allophana (Ach.) by Mr. Paulson. 

Pertusaria leioplaca (Schoer.),— 7. Very fine on trees near Rhododendron 
Drive, Savernake Forest, with very well-developed apothecia, showing the 
spores four in each ascus. P. velata var. amara (Nyl.). — 7, 8. Very common 
on trees in Savernake Forest; in this plant the soredia or little masses of 
white mealy dust with which the thallus is plentifully besprinkled are 
largely composed of oxalic acid and are intensely bitter to the taste ; at c^ne 
time in France this lichen was collected for the oxalic acid it contains j it 
was named Lichen fagineus by Linnaeus (Lat. fagus, a beech) from its 
predilection for beech trees, but in this district it grows principally on the 
oak, and is not common on the beech. P. communis (D. 0.).— 7, 8. 
Savernake Forest, Chisbury Wood, and. Foxbury Wood ; one of the 
commonest British lichens, easily known by the prominent verrucae or warts. 

Thelotrema lepadinum (Ach.)— 7. A curious lichen shaped- like a tiny 
barnacle, which is abundant on trees near the Grand Avenue, Savernake 
Forest, forming densely gregarious masses on the beeches. 

Rhizocarpon confervoides (D. C.) and E. obsuratum (Mass.). — 7. On 
sarsen pebbles in the north part of Tottenham Park. 

Lecidea contigua (Fr.).Tr-7. Sarsen pebbles in the north part of Tottenham 
Park. L. elaeochroma var. disciformis (Nyl.). — 7. On a beech in Tottenham 
Park. 

Baeomyces roseus (Pers.).— 7. Forming a grey crust on the ground in 
Tottenham Park, the pink fruits or apothecia are sparingly produced in 
winter ; also on a ride near Eight Walks, Savernake Forest, and in an old 



By Cecil P. Hurst. 61 

overgrown brickyard near the Column ; and owing to the damp wet spring 
the pink fruits were still in the last mentioned locality on the 4th May, 
1920. 

Graphis scripta (Ach.)- — 7. Common on beech in Savernake Forest; the 
narrow black and generally curved lirellae or fructifications of this lichen 
are singularly like scribblings with pen and ink, whence the generic and 
specific names. G. elegans (Ach.). — 7. Fine and conspicuous on trees in 
Rhododendron Drive and rather common in other parts of Savernake 
Forest, where the Graphidaceae^ the natural order to which this lichen 
belongs, are well represented ; var parallella (Leighton). — 7, On a birch 
near Khodendron Drive ; in this var. the apothecia are arranged in a 
parallel manner. G. sophistica (Nyl.). — 7. Occasionally on trees in 
Savernake Forest, 

Phaeographis inusta (iMuel,). — 7, On a beech in the Grand Avenue and 
not uncommon on trees near Rhododendron Drive and elsewhere in the 
Forest. 

Opegrapha vulgata (Ach.). — 7. On beeches near the Grand Avenue ; the 
thallus is reddish in this lichen. 0. herpetica (Ach.). — 7. Common on 
beeches in Savernake Forest and often infested with a black fungus. 

Arthonia astroidea var. Sivartziana (Nyl.). — 7. On the smooth bark of 
young trees in London Ride and also near Rhododendron Drive in Savernake 
Forest; probably not uncommon. The type is .also not infrequent on 
young smooth-barked trees near Great Bedwyn. 

Stigmatidium crassum (Duby.). 7. A spermogoniferous lichen from a 
beech near Ramsbury was, in the absence of spores, doubtfully referred by 
Mr. Paulson to this plant. 

Verrucaria nitida (Schrad.). — 7. Beech in Column Ride, Tottenham Park 
and several other localities in the Forest. V. epidermidis (Ach.)— 7, Beech 
near Column Ride, Tottenham Park ; Mr. Paulson wrote: — "The lichen 
has neither spores nor paraphyses and the whole perithecium (fructifica- 
tion) is collapsed; it is probably V. epidermidis (Ach.), I can only feel 
really certain when the spores are present." 

Although this paper is not concerned with Freshwater Algae, the oc- 
currence of the two following interesting species near Great Bedwyn may 
be noted :— 

Trentepohiia aurea. 7. This sub-aerial alga formed an orange crust on 
the east side of the low stone parapet which surrounds the Column in 
Tottenham Park, and also occurred sparingly on trees near Rhododendron 
Drive; Mr. F. A. Brokenshire, of Barnstaple, says it is found on trees, 
rocks, gates, etc., where open to currents of moist air, and I have seen it on 
stonework at Virginia Water and on rocks at Ilf racombe ; at the latter 
place the orange coloration of the rocks, both inland and on the coast, was 
very vivid and conspicuous. 

Botrydium granulatmu (L.). (Grev.). — 7, 8 In the chinks of drying mud 
[of a small pond near Chisbury Wood, Great Bedwyn ; also on mud by a 
Idewpond on the chalk downs near Tidcombe ; Mr. A, Gepp, of the British 
iiMuseum, kindly sent me the following interesting note on this alga : — 
f Botrydium granulatum is a remarkable unicellular but multinucleate alga 

a coenyte ; green and pyriform above and emitting rhizoids below— but 

E 2 



52 East Wiltshire Mosses^ Hepatics, and Lichens, 

all are parts of one cell. It is reproduced asexually in a number of ways 
according to external conditions — broadly by zoogonidia and by aplanos- 
pores. G. S. West (British Freshwater Algae) says it is very local." It is 
widely distributed in our islands, but conditions are not often suitable for 
its appearance above ground ; it occurs almost exclusively on drying mud 
-^in ponds or on mud thrown out from a canal, and is not uncommon on 
chalk mud but the nature of the mud does not matter," The naked eye 
appearance of this curious plant is roughly expressed by saying that it re- 
sembles small pale-green globules clustered together on the surface of the 
mud, which description will, I hope, enable our readers to recognize it, 
should they chance to come across it. 



53 



WILTSHIEE NEWSPAPERS— PAST AND PRESENT, 
Part; III. {Continued)} 

THE NEWSPAPERS OF SOUTH WILTS. 

iBy Mrs. Herbert IUchardson, B.A., sometime Scholar of St. Hugh's 

College, Oxford. 

Section 2. — The oldest existing Wiltshire newspaper— T/^e 
Salisbury and Winchester Journal (1729 — present day). 

The oldest existing Wiltshire newspaper, The Salislury and 
Winchester Jo2irnal, has a history of much interest to the student 
of the early provincial press. It dates induhitably from the year 
1736, and there is the strongest evidence for assigning its inception 
to the year 1729. 

As in the case of other provincial newspapers with a claim to 
more than a hundred years' continuous existence, the data provided 
by extan,t early issues are, unfortunately, scanty. No Salisbury 
paper seems to have appeared between 1716, when Farley's Salisbury 
Post Man^ presumably came to an end, and 1729, when what is 
sometimes erroneously referred to as the " First Salisbury Journal " 
was originally issued ; certainly none exist. In 1729, however, 
the enterprise of a Salisbury newspaper was again taken up, this 
I time with more prospect of success, as its promoter was a local 
bookseller and not, as Samuel Farley had been, a printer-errant 
with no real stake in the city. 

It was probably at the end of May or beginning of June, 1729, 
that The Salisbicry Journal for the first time appeared. The date 
is arrived at by the not entirely reliable method of counting back 
from an available numl)er, for of this early issue of the paper (as 
in the case of The Salisbury Postman) one copy only exists. This 
is Number LVIIL,^ for Monday, July 6th, 1730. It is a small 

^ For Farts I. and IL, by Mr. J. J. Slade, and Section 1 of Part III., by 
Mrs. Richardson, see Wilts Arch. Mag., xl, pp. 37—74, 129— 141,. 31 8— 351. 

^ See Part III., Section 1, of Wiltshire Newspapers— Past and Present. 

^ In the possession of the proprietors oi The Salisbury and Winchester 
Journal. 



54 Wiltshire Newspapers — Fast and Present. 

quarto publication, measuring I2f in. by 9|in., containing four pages, 
and printed on a very coarse handmade paper with no apparent 
watermark. Its title runs: — 

"Numb. LVIII. / The Salisbury Journal / Containing the most 
Material Occurrences both Foreign and Domestick / Monday, July 
6, 1730." 

And the heading shows a rough but attractive woodcut view of 
the city, flanked on the one side by the arms of New Sarum and on 
the other by a monogram,W.C. and B.C. intertwined. At the bottom 
of the front page is " (Price Two Pence)," and at the foot of the last 
the endorsement, "Sarum: printed by Charles Hooton, at the 
Printing Office in Milford Street, where all Sorts of Printing Busi- 
ness are done after the best Manner at Keasonable Pates." 

The contents comprise news from London, Scotland, Ireland, and 
the English counties, with paragraphs from Calais, Milan, the 
Hague (there is special mention of "our Hague letter"), and even 
from Boston and St. Christopher's ; and the usual lists of Marriages, 
Deaths, Preferments and Bankrupts, with the Bills of Mortality 
for London and Westminster, and the Prices of goods " at Bear- 
Key " and. at Salisbury. There is no local news, and few local 
advertisements besides those of Hooton, the printer, and of the two 
booksellers, William Collins and Edward Easton. The paper closes 
with the following rather pathetic postscript : — " N.B. This Paper 
not being encouraged according to Expectation, I shall from this 
time decline it,; but all other Printing Business will be perform'd 
after the best Manner By Yours, etc., Charles Hooton." 

This earliest known number of The Salisbury Journal thus pro- 
vides rather fully the necessary data for its own history. It had 
run apparently for fifty-eight numbers, and, as far as one can rely 
on the method of numbering back, probably dated from May 25th, 
1729. Its promoter was William Collins, a bookseller carrying on 
business at the Bible and Crown in Silver Street, whose proprietor- 
ship is confirmed by the monogram on the paper's heading — W.C. 
and B.C., — which obviously combines his initials with those of his 
brother Benjamin. The first-person phrasing of the postscript 
quoted further shows that Hooton the printer must have been a 



By Mrs. Herbert Richardson. 55 

partner in the enterprise. It is, incidentally, noticea])le that many 
of the great eighteenth-century booksellers produced interesting 
work at early stages in their careers in partnership with local 
printers,^ and later set up printing offices of their own. Hooton's 
unfortunate " declining " of the paper may possibly have been the 
fault of the promoter himself. William Collins's advertisement 
shows that he purveyed (as did Edward Easton also) the highly 
popular Craftsman, together with The London Gazette and Fogs 
Journal, all at 2s. per quarter ; and the people of Salisbury, hardly 
inured (in spite of Samuel Farley's efforts) to the habit of a local 
newspaper, probably found the easily-obtained London papers 
adequate to their needs and so failed to ''encourage" this new 
enterprise. 

But The Salislury Journal was not dead. Its promoter was a 
man tenacious of his original scheme, and within a few years a new 
issue of the paper appeared. Hatcher mentions a " first nun:»ber " 
dated November 27th, 1736, and published on a Tuesday. Of this 
copy all traces have disappeared, but it is clear that tlie proprietor- 
ship was the same as that of the original Number LVIII/^ The 
oldest existing copy for the late 'thirties that can now be traced is 
one in a volume of odd Salishury Journals in the Salisbury Public 
Library, endorsed "Number 51, Monday, January 15th, 1738 — 9 
(1739 NS.). The hopeless unreliability of tlie old system of 
numbering makes examination of the evidence offered by these 
early issues of old provincial papers very difficult, and deductions 
arrived at by "counting back" are seldom sound. Obviously, in 
the case of The Salisbury Journal, re-numbering must have taken 
place, or there may have been gaps in the issue (owing to further 
temporary lack of "encouragement") between November, 1736> 
and January, 1739. It is not impossible that there may even have 
been an earlier re-issue between July, 1730, and November, 
1736, of which, as of Hatcher's "first number" for the latter year, 
no trace remains. 



^ See Part III., Section 1, on Samuel Farley and Philip Bishop as printers 
and booksellers in Exeter. 

^ History of Salisbury ^ Chap. XLIII. 



56 Wiltshire Neivspaiiers — Past and Present. 

Tlie traditions of the paper itself liave, however, always upheld 
the date 1729 as that of The Salislury Journars first establishment.^ 
And if to this tradition is added the evidence from continuity of pro- 
prietorship, title and general scheme — even if incontestible con- 
tinuity of issue, to which few provincial newspapers can lay sound 
claim prior to 1750, cannot he proved — it is entirely accurate to 
assert that The Salisbury Journal has, with ceitain vicissitudes in 
its earlier career, existed as the same paper from its first inception 
in 1729 to the present day, 

An examination of "Number 51" and subsequent issues for 
17392 proves this identity of proprietorship, title and scheme. 
The paper is first— in Januaiy, 1739— "Printed for William Collins, 
bookseller in Silver Street"; and before March of the same year 
the inevitable change from bookseller working in co-operation with 
printer to bookseller-printer takes place, and the endorsement is : — 
"Printed- by W. Collins and Comp. at the Printing Office on the 
Ditch." The " Company " of the Collins firm was undoubtedly 
William's brother Benjamin, whose initials had appeared combined 
with his in the issue of 1729 — 30. And it is highly probable that 
the new " Printing office on the Ditch " was the old Farley tene- 
ment of wliich, a few years later, the firm took complete possession. 

The title of the paper ran now as follows: — 

'' The Salisbury Journal : / or / Weekly Advertiser / " 
the essential Salisbury Journal thus remaining and the more modern 
" Weekly Advertiser " replacing the, by 1739, old-fashioned phrase- 
ology as to "Material Occurrences, Foreign and Domestick." The 
heading is attractively varied from time to time by the addition of 
woodcuts, the familiar postman, or a hand holding a bunch of 
flowers, and by appropriate Latin mottoes (after the fashion of the 
old S'pedator\y such as Prodesse et delectare, ov E.pluribus ununi. 
It was published on a Monday, as was the issue of 1729^30, 
though before 1740 this was changed to Tuesday, Salisbury market 

^ B. C. CoUins's bill-heads, for example, in accounts for the year 1800, 
describe the paper as " of more than seventy years establishment." 

^ There are forty numbers for 1739 in the volume quoted. Messrs. Sells, 
of Fleet Street, also possess a copy of The Salisbury Journal for November 
27th, 1739, among their valuable collection of old newspapers. 



By Mrs. Herlert Richardson. 57 

day; and its price was still two-pence. Its form had altered bub 
slightly since 1730. It was still a quarto publication, but of larger 
size, measuring 15 J inches by 11, and cojitaining four pnges, and 
was printed on a coarse hand-made paper, with, again, no apparent 
water-mark. 

In its general sclieme the paper followed the lines of the older 
issue. There are the same varied news items and the same paucity 
of local news, otlier than that occurring from time to time in the 
Lists of Bankrupts, Preferments, etc. Local advertisements, ex- 
cept those of the booksellers and inn- keepers,^ are also rare. 

The Scdishury Journal had in fact by Januaiy, J 739, surmounted 
the obstacles of its early career. From this date, with traceable re- 
numberings and occasional errors in numbering, there is indubitable 
proof of the paper's continuous issue. And by 1740 it seems to 
have achieved a position secure against further lack of " encourage- 
ment," and a really wide circulation. It had agents in London — " '\\ 
Astley, Bookseller in St. Paul's Churchyard " — and at Farringdon, 
Gloucester, Chippenham, Sherborne, 'Jaunton, Limington, Bath 
and Devizes. It had even triumphed over the rival bookseller, 
and was to be purchased not only of its proprietor, but "At 
Edward Easton's Public Library in Silver Street," Its range was, 
moreover, steadily widening. There are still the old varied reports 
from England and abroad — in 1740 "our correspondent at Jamaica " 
is quoted, as Ijad been " our Hague letter " in 1730. But events 
of general interest are now more fully dealt with, and local hap- 
penings, such as the Melksham Riots, really adequately reported ; 
while well-chosen extracts from the London press, particulaily 
from Fielding's Chawpion, of 1739 — 40, also begin to appear. 

It was in 1740, between July 8th and August 12th, that the 
death of William Collins brought about a change of management, 
and the paper passed into the hands of his brother I^enjamin, who 
had been associated with it from its inception in 1729 and to whose 
business enterprise and vigorous personality the old Salisbury 



^ The eighteenth-century provincial inn was a registry and enquiry 
office, as well as a theatre and sales depot. The old advertisements of the 
Salisbury inns provide much data on local history. 



^8 Wiltshire Newspapers — Past and Present, 

Jour^ial owes much. Benjamin Collins was truly, to use a hack- 
neyed but graphic expression, the father of The Salisbury Journal. 
Under his management the paper made yet more remarkable pro- 
gress. New features appeared; " cliaracters " or memoirs of cele- 
brated persons, especially those about whom hung the glamour of 
the gallows and the headsman's axe, such as Elizabeth Jeffereys, 
the murderess, or the rebels of the 'Forty-Five; and extracts not 
only from the political London journals, but from the fashionable 
essay-papers of the mid-eighteenth century, the Eamhler, Idler, 
Connoisseur and World. Fielding's papers, it is interesting to 
find, are still frequently drawn on, and there are long quotations 
from h'is fiercely anti-Jacobite Trite Patriot of 1745—6 and from 
tlie caustic social satires of The Covent Garden Journal of 1752 ; 
while The, Salisbury Journal itself developed a satirical vein at 
the expense of fashion and social follies, which expressed itself in 
neatly-turned "Letters to the Author " ^ or witty Anacreontic 
verse. The printing of the paper and of its headings was still, as 
in tiie 'thirties, attractively varied — the late 'forties show a par- 
ticularly pretty title with foliated letters and woodcuts of the 
co!iventional news-bringers, the ship and postman. 

Late in 1741 2'he Journal moved to new premises. An advertise- 
ment of December 29th announces that "' J3enjamin Collins, Book- 
seller and Stationer, at the Bible and Crown in Silver Street, is 
removed higher up, into this Corner Shop, fronting the Poultry 
Cross (late in the occupation of Mr. Thomas Smith, Apothecary), 
by whom are sold Books in all Faculties and Parts of hearing, as 
cheap as in London,'' 

With the aid of the Salisbury Eate-Books it is quite easy to 
identify these earliest homes of The Salisbury Journal. Two houses, 
each belonging to a Mr. Collins,^ appear side by side in the survey 

^ " Author,'" until quite late in the eighteenth century, is used far more 
frequently than the modern "Editor." The " Letter to the Author " was 
almost invariably the work of a regular member of a paper's staff. (See the 
eighteenth century comedies, especially Foote's Bankrupt and Motley's 
Craftsman.) 

^ The Rate- Books, unfortunately, never give initials, which, in this case, 
would be very helpful. 



I 



By Mrs. Herhert Richardson. 59 

of the Mitre Chequer made for land-tax in 1741. The first is 

more highly rated, and presumably the larger. The collector seems 

to have started at the corner opposite the Assembly Eooms and 

gone steadily round the chequer, the number of houses until the 

first Collins house is reached being the same as would to-day 

bring us to the premises of Mr. David Stevens. Mr. Stevens's 

premises are known partly to cover those of the old Mitre and 

Crown Inn, kept at this date by one Francis Collins. The next 

house, therefore (part of the same premises, which to-day comprise 

three houses), was in all probability the Bible and Crown, Mr. 

Benjamin Collins's bookshop. Further on the collector notes the 

houses on " the South side of the J^utcher Row," of which the fiist 

belongs to Mr. Smith. Collins's move ''higher up" in 1741 was 

thus to the corner house, which is now in the occupation of Mr. 

J. W. Clark. 

In " this Corner Shop " printing and publishing seem to have 

been carried on together, and the paper issues from " the Printing 

office opposite the Poultry Cross," there being no further mention 

of that " on the Ditch, ■'^ In 1748, however, a final move took place, 

advertised on May 9th as follows: — 

" The Printing Office, Stamp Office and Bookseller's shop by- 
Benjamin Collins, which were at the Corner- House opposite the Poultry 
Cross, in this City, are now removed from thence to the New Canal 
(formerly called The Ditch) and into the House late in the possession 
of Messieurs. Tatum and Still, Apothecaries." 

'J'here is little doubt that live Journal was now established upon 
premises which included the earliest home of newspaper enterprise 
in Salisbury, the tenement from which had issued Samuel Farley's 
Salisbury Post Man of 1715—16.1 

Benjamin Collins had not only acquired large and dignified 
premises for his JournaL He was also steadily increasing its 
circulation, its agents now being found in Newport, Blandford, 
Southampton, Dorchester, and Exeter, as well as in the towns 
enumerated in 1740. But no measure of his did more to enhance 
the importance and generally to widen the scope of the paper than 

1 See Part III., Section 1, Wilts Arch. Mag., xl., 318—351, on the identity 
of the Farley and Collins premises. 



60 Wiltshire Neiospaiiers — Past and Present. 

his establishment of close business relations, whicli date from about 
1743,^ with the noted London house of John Newbery, of " The Bible 
and Sun in St. Paul's Chuich Yaid," It must be remembered that 
the eighteenth-century bookseller was also a purveyor of perfumeiy 
and patent medicines, so that Benjamin Collins sold at his shop on 
the New Canal Dr. James's celebrated Fever Powder and similar 
medicines for which Newbery was patentee, as well as those " enter- 
taining books for children " for the publication of which " the phil- 
anthropic bookseller of St. Paul's Church Yard" is justly famous. 
These business relations with John Newbery, and also with John's 
printer-nephew, Francis, led to a famous bit of printing coming in 
the way of The Salisbury Journal, from whose offices there issued 
in 1766 the first edition of The Vicar of Wakefield—'' Printed by 15, 
Collins For F. Newbery in Pater-Noster Kow, London." 

An interesting letter of Benjamin Collins, dated January 2nd, 
1766, has recently been discovered, and may here be quoted. It 
is a business communication to a Mr. Nousse, a bookseller in the 
Strand, and concludes with a reference to the works of one Mr. 
Harris :^ 

" As Mr. Harris's Books don't seem to move here I woud advise you 
to advertise em in the Salisbury Journal, otherwise twill be known 
but to few in these Farts that they are publishd, you may see the Paper 
every w^eek at the Chapter Coffee House, Paul's Church Yard, or at 
Mr. Nevirbery's. I am Sir, Yr. Humb: Servt B. Collins." 

There is much character in the old pointed handwriting, and 
the criBp phrasing of the whole letter is essentially business-like. 

The most valuable data for an account of Benjamin Collinses 
business activities have unfortunately disappeared, Mr. Charles 
Welsh, in his Life oj John Newbery, quotes repeatedly from the 
account-books of Benjamin Collins, but all efforts to trace these 
account-books at the present day have proved fruitless. From Mr. 
Welsh's excerpts, however, we gather that Collins held a position , 
of some weight in the literary world of his day, and was possessed 
of a very shrewd knowledge as to what productions were of real 
quality and therefore worth financing. In the most steadily 

' See- Mr. Charles Welsh's Life of John Newbery. 



i 



By Mrs. Hethert Richardson. 61 

successful of all the eighteenth-century monthly peiiodicals, TJie 
Gentleman s Magazine, we find that he held a twelfth share; in 
The Mo7ithly Review a fourth ; in The Rambler a sixteenth ; and in 
one of the most popular of the contemporary Pocket-Books, Tlte 
Daily Journal or Gentleman s and T'radesynans Annual Account 
Book for the Pocket — "my own scheme" he calls it— a third. In 
an important Loudon newspaper, The London Chronicle or Universal 
Evening Post, he was also for some time a shareholder, and this, 
too, lie notes was " my own scheme at tlie setting out." In the 
domain of fiction, besides working with Newbury in the launching 
olThe Vicar of Wakefield, he held an eighteenth share in Kichardson's 
Pamela^ and was an equal partner, with William Johnson, in the 
publication of Smollett's Hn.ni'phrey Clinker. A fine record of 
business acumen and sound literary judgment for a provincial 
bookseller.^ 

In October, 1775, however, Henjamin Collins severed his con- 
nection with The Salisbury Journaly advertising in the issue for 
October 21st that he 

"begs leave to acquaint the public that the Printing Bookselling and 
Stationary Business which has for so many years been carried on by 
himself and Brother before him, is now continued by his son, Benjamin 
Charles Collins and J. Johnson only, the same House and Shop on the 
New Canal as usual." 

Probably Benjamin Collins was finding his extensive banking 
business (generally referred to simply as " the Bank in this City ") 
sufficiently exacting, especially as at this date he was also appointed 
" Receiver and Exchanger of the Light Gold Coin of the Realm," 

* This remarkable j^atV of Benjamin Collins for what was of real greatness 
in the eighteenth- century novel lends weight to a theory of the writer's 
that Henry Fielding may have written for the early Salisbury Journal. 
The constant quotations from the Fielding newspapers, already noted, and 
a clever ode in praise of The Champion^ which appears in the issue for 
August 26th, 1740, are significant. Fielding had married a Salisbury lady 
in 1735, and was living at East Stower until late in 1737. It is not im- 
possible that Benjamin Collins was shrewd enough to appreciate the genius 
I of the young man of letters then living in his neighbourhood and to invite 
^ I occasional contributions from a pen of which the mordant humour would 
have been quite to his taste. It is impossible, without the missing early 
. I numbers, to follow the theory further. 



62 Wiltshire Newspapers — Past and Present. 

and was vigorously promoting the sale of tickets and shares in the 
State Lotteries. To these financial activities he seems to have 
devoted the remainder of his days, though he still occasionally 
speculated in literary ventures, as the accounts already quoted sho^v. 
He died on Fehruary 15th, 1785, at his house on the New Canal, 
in the sixty-eighth year of his age. His bank was re-opened in 
August, 1786, as the " Firm of Collins, Brown, Smith, & Tamlyn." ^ 
Meanwhile Benjamin Charles Collins had taken over the manage- 
ment of a highly efficient provincial paper — "The largest as well 
as most extensive country paper in the whole kingdom."^ It was 
now I'he Salisbury and Winchester ^ Journal or General Advertiser 
for Wilts, Hants, Dorset and Somerset, having changed its title in 
December, 1772, and circulated widely in Wilts, Hants, Dorset, 
Somerset, Berks, and part of Devon, while it was also to be con- 
sulted at most of the London Coffee-Houses, particularly at the 
London, Chapter, Grulldhall and Peele's, wiiere agents took in 
advertisements" and "articles of intelligence." "B. C.Collins had 
at the outset of his management to cope with an increase in the 
Newspaper Tax (an additional half-penny), which came into force 
in July, 1776, " We shall be under the disagreeable necessity," 
he writes, "of raising our price to Three Pence the Paper . . . 
we propose to make it a Penny better in value"; and then 
proceeds to criticise the new duty in a very sound editorial. But 
the paper seems to have suffered in no way by this increase in 
price, and in 1780 its circulation* had reached the really high 
figure of upwards of 4,000 weekly. 

The progress of The Sdlislury Journal under B.C. Collins's 
management was consistently prosperous. In 1783 it began the 
year with new type and a beautiful heading in old English capitals, 
" cut on purpose by Mr. Caslon, the first letter founder of the age " ; 
and in 1784 it received the doubtful flattery of imitation, a pirated 

^ Benjamin Charles Collins, Thomas Brown, junior, Richard Smith, and 
William Tamlyn. 

2 Issue for July 15th, 1776. 

3 The first printer and purveyor for Winchester was J. Wilkes. 
^ Most of the copies were delivered by special newsmen, who went their 
rounds on foot. 



By Mrs. Herbert Richardson. 63 

edition with the same name being for some time circulated on 
Sundays by a Hampshire printer. In January, 1786/ Collins 
started his interesting monthly, The County Magazine, which ran 
successfully until December, 1792. And in 1789 the paper had 
once again to cope with an increase in the Newspaper Tax/ which 
on July 29th necessitated an advance in price to threepence half- 
penny—an occasion, as in 1776, for an editorial on excellent 
economic lines. 

Meanwhile The JoiirnaVs actual contents maintained a high 
level of hiterest, worthy of the stirring times which coincide his- 
torically with the B. C, Collins management— the war with the 
American Colonies, the Gordon Eiots, the French Eevolution, and 

the tremendous struggle with with anti-monarchical and Napoleonic 
France. To all these great events The Salisbury Jouriial does full 
justice, and its sound editorial comments (already referred to in 
the case of newspaper taxation) on general public and foreign 
affairs are excellent reading. It is noticeable that^ theseVeditdrial 
paragraphs— real leaders ill the modern sense of the word— first 
appear in the time of B. C. Collins. The letters from correspon- 
dents at home and abroad, and quotations from other important 
newspapers^ (early features of the paper) are still notably interest- 
ing. 

Benjamin Collins was, moreover, largely a man of business like 
his father. During his proprietorship the old relations with Lon- 
don firms holding patents for various medicines, and especially 
with the house of Newbery, were continued. The still existing 
records of Messrs. Francis Newbery & Sons show how large the 
turnover from this department must have been. One extract runs, 



\ See Part HI, Section 1, Wilts Arch. Mag., xl., 345, on The County Mao- 



azi7ie 



Ihe red duty stamp, still visible on old newspapers, bore the pretty 
ievice of a crowned rose and thistle, and increased in size by repeated ad- 
iitions of the word " half -penny," above and below this, as the tax mounted 
n value. 

'The Salisbury Journal quotes from The Boston Independent Chronicle 
ind r^rgima6^a0e^i5e during the American War, and from Le Tienx Cor- 
ielier and other French journals during the Revolution period 



64 Wiltshire Newspapers — Past and Present. 

''Received of Francis Newbeiy, Esquire, Fourteen hundred and 
seventy one pounds and six shillings, being the ]^allance of Snuff, 
stamps, and Medicines account due December 31, 1796. 
£1471. 6. 0. March 9th, 1797. Ben. Chas. Collins." The old 
banking business of Benjamin Collins was also an important 
activity of his son's, and a London office was started in connection 
with it in 1798. It was at his London house in Mortimer Street, 
Cavendish Square, that Benjamin Charles Collins died suddenly 
of an apoplectic fit on January 29th, 1808 He had long been an 
Alderman of tlje Corporation and was deeply regretted as a notable 
man of business and prominent citizen, and also for his philanthropy. 
Some charming valedictory verses in the issue of The Salishitry 
Journal for February 22nd, 1808, pay tribute to his " feeling 
charity " and "gentle heart." 

For a few months The Salisbury Journal was once again under 
the management of a W. Collins. But on June 23rd, 1808, William 
Bird Brodie, " iii equal partnership with John Dowding and John 
Luxford," succeeded to The Journal " and other annexed Business," 
the different departments of which they had " for many years past 
conducted/'^ William Bird Brodie, proprietor for forty years of The 
Salisbury Journal, was a brother of the disthiguished surgeon, Sir 
Benjamin Collins Brodie, and a nephew of B. C. Collins, whose 
sister (a daughter of Benjamin Collins) had married the llev. Peter 
Bellinger Brodie, of Winterslow, sometime Chaplain to the Salis- 
bury Infirmary. The paper was thus still under the influence of 
what we may call the Collins tradition. 

7'he Salisbury Journal was, at the date of this fourth change of 
proprietorship, an important sixpenny weekly. It had been forced to 
raise its price to fourpence iu May, 1794, to come into line with the 
majority of London and provincial papers, and had then enlarged 
its size to a bigger quarto, 15J inches by 21, of four pages, with 
five columns to the page. This was still its size in 1808, though 
tlie heavy increase in the Newspaper Tax of July, 1797, had brought 
the price up to sixpence: — "Stamp Duty threepence half-penny, 
Paper and Print twopence half-penny," The Journal carefully 

^The Salisbury Journal June 27th, 1808. 



By Mrs. Herlert Richardson. 65 

specifies, and reminds its readers that " more than one half of the 
sum is devoted to tlie Service of the Country." In May, 1809, 
" Tlie advance in price of paper and material of Printing " necessi- 
tated a further rise to sixpence half-penny; and in September^ 
1815, when the Newspaper Tax reached its highest figure (four- 
pence), \\\Q price became sevenpence. It still circulated extensively 
in Wilts, Hants, Dorset and Somerset, and had its own London 
agents, Messrs. Tayler & Newton, of Warwick Square, and Mr. 
Wilkie, of Paternoster Eow. 

The development of The Salishtry Journal during the early 
years of the nineteenth century is full of interest. The changing 
points of view of these restless years are reflected in its volumes; 
gradually it appeals to a larger and more democratic class of readers 
and lends itself more fully to the increased interest in social and 
political questions which follows the Peace of 1815. And when 
the culminating demand for Parliamentary Keform comes in 1831 
— 2, The Salisbury Journal has finally acquired an assured position, 
not as a disseminator of news only, but as a paper with a policy of 
its own, and a moulder of public opinion. 

William Bird Brodie was himself a keen politician and an ardent 
reformer, and The Salisbury Journal tremendously influenced local 
feeling on this question, feeling which expressed itself in a re- 
markable outburst of enthusiasm in Salisbury on the passing of 
the great Reform Bill in 1832. Indeed the paper at this period, 
as in the days of Benjamin Collins, owed much to the vigorous 
personality and many activities of its proprietor, who was Mayor of 
the city in 1812, one of its Members from 1832 — 43, when he" 
resigned his seat, and Lieutenant-Colonel of the Salisbury Volunteer 
Infantry from the formation of the corps late in 1830 till its dis- 
11 bandment in 1840. 

On November 5th, 1847, however, ''William Bird Brodie and 
Charles George Brodie, Bankers of Salisbury," were gazetted 
bankrupt, and the old banking business, so long associated with 
The Salisbury Journal,- came to an end. A brief and dignified 
advertisement stated that " Notwithstanding the unfortunate event 
that has taken place, the Bookselling and Printing Business on the 
YOL. XLI.— NO. CXXXII F 



66 Wiltshire Newspapers — Past and Present. 

Canal will be carried on as usual." But the failure necessitated 
much sacrifice of property to meet the demands of creditors,^ and 
on October 7th, 1848, the following advertisement appeared : — 
" The Assignees of the estate of Messrs. Brodie have sold by Private 
Contract their Interest in The Salishury and Winchester Journal, 
and in the Printing, Stationery, and Bookselling Businesses carried 
on at the Premises on the New Canal, Salisbury." The purchaser 
of The Journal was Mr, James Bennett, and of the bookselling busi- 
ness Mr. George Brown. The old combination of businesses, fitted to 
the slower development of the eighteenth century, was unsuited to 
the nineteenth, and The Journal's progress since 1848 has been 
unhampered by allied business considerations. 

Mr. James Ben net was, like his predecessors, a man of public 
activities. He had been elected Mayor of the city in 1825, 
Chaml)erlain in 1826, and Alderman in 1827, and was, at his death 
in 1859, senior magistrate of Salisbury, having been elected in 
1832, under the old corporation, and also named in the first Com- 
mission of the Peace of 1835. On his death in lSb9 The Salishu^y 
Journal was for some time carried on by his widow and other 
members of his family, until his son, Mr. Edmund Grove Bennett, 
became managing proprietor, successfully conducting the paper 
for over a quarter of a century. After Mr. E. G. Bennett's 
death in 1895, his son, Mr. Cecil George Bennett became the 
manager, and has carried on The Journal until the present day, 
except whilst absent on service for some five years during the late 
war, when for the greater part of that time it was in the hands of 
his brother, Mr. William E. Bennett. 

The Salisduri/ Journal of which Mr. James Bennett became 
proprietor in 1848 had the old wide circulation in the western 
counties and was still ''forwarded by the Post to several Coffee 
Houses in the cities of London, Bath, Bristol, and Exeter . . . 
and to the universities." It was in size a yet larger quarto, 19J 
inches by 24 1, of four pages (sometimes six), with seven columns 
to the page, and its price had come down, with the reduction in 

^ The estate finally reaUsed considerably over 20*. in the £. . 



By Mrs. Hei^lert Richardson, 67 

the Stamp Duty of September, 1836, to fivepence. Its changes 
during the Bennett management have all been, as another writer 
on The Journal has remarked, in the direction of enlargement of 
size and reduction in price. In 1854 the Stamp Duty ceased to 
be fiscal, remainhig as a postage stamp only, so that the actual 
price of the paper became fourpence. The duty's final abolition in 
1870 and the establishment of the half-penny postage rate did not 
affect The Journal's net price. But in July, 1880, " owing to the 
great reduction in price of newspapers and the increasing desire 
for news evinced by all classes," it went down to twopence. A 
; considerable increase in circulation naturally followed, and in 
January, 1900, " to mark the close of the century," as the previous 
number stated, it was reduced to one penny with highly satisfactory 
results. Its present increase in price (to three half-pence in April, 
and twopence in October, 1917) has been due, as was that of 1809, 
to increased cost of production during a period of war. 

While still in the hands of Mr. James Bennett, The Salishury 
Journal, maintaining its large quarto form, increased its size to 
eight pages ^ of six columns to the page ; and the familiar leader, 
headed by the arms of Salisbury and Winchester, and printed in 
brevier type, first appeared. It is noteworthy also that the paper, 
under the Bennet regime, abandoned the fierce Whiggism of 1832 
and returned to the dignified ideal of its eighteenth-century days, 
open to all parties, influenced by none," ^ which it has consistently 
maintained since 1848. 

In 1864, the old accommodation proving inadequate, the present 
convenient and well arranged offices were built.^ On October 
21st, 1870, that remarkably successful pamphlet, The Fight at 
Dame Uuropas School^^ dealing with the question of England's 



^ To-day, ten to twelve pages of six columns. 
" A description first applied to The Journal during the bitter election 
Struggle of 1784. 

^ Part of the old premises, including, it is supposed, the original home of 
The Salisbury Post Man of 1715, still remain. • 

* The pamphlet, with its translations and imitations, has a bibliography 
)f its own. Ten thousand copies a day were inadequate to the public de- 
nand in 1870 — 71, and in 1874 it reached its 193rd thousand. 

F 2 



68 Wiltshire Neivspapers — Past and Present. 

neutrality during the Franco-Prussian War, was first printed at 
The Journal office. To this and The Vicar of Wakefield — The 
Salisbury Journal's two most notable printing achievements — may 
be added a long list of interesting books and periodicals, issuing 
from its offices under the Bennett management. Here have been 
printed I'he Diocesan Gazette since its inception in 1888 ; The Sarum 
Almanack, first published in 1857 and printed for sixty-three years 
by The Journal ; The Gasper, the unofficial organ of the Public 
Schools Brigade, Koyal Fusiliers (September, 1915 — September, 
1916) ; many publications of the late Bishop Wordsworth's ; many 
Diocesan and Church publications ; The Answer of the Archbishops 
of England to the Apostolic Letter of Pope Leo XIII. on English 
Ordination (printed in English, Latin, and French) ; many works 
on local history, including Mr. Haskins's Ancient Trade Guilds of 
Salisbury and Corporation Pictures, Canon Wordsworth's St. 
Nicholas Hospital, the late Mr. H. J. Swayne's Churchivardens* Ac- 
counts of St. Thomas (and of St. Edmund's), Mr. Doran Webb's 
History of Bamsbury, the late Mr. T. H. Baker's St. Martin's 
Church, the late Mr. J. E. Nightingale's Church Plate, and The 
Festival Book of Salisbury, edited by Mr. Frank Stevens; and 
Flock and Herd Books, including The Hampshire Down Flock Book 
and The National Pig Breeders' Association Herd Book. 

During this period many journalists well known in the news- 
paper world have been connected with The Salisbury Journal . Mr. 
J, L. Yeitch, who, under the pseudonym of " Leith Derwent" pub- 
lished several successful novels, articles, and short stories, was 
editor from 1895, when he succeeded Mr. C. C Osborne, till his 
death in 1904 ; and Mr. W. Liard Clowes, the naval expert^ was a 
member of the staff, on which also Foster Hughes once served as 
reporter. 

The old provincial press of England has been dismissed by most 
writers on newspaper history as negligible and uninteresting. 
Detailed study of an old-established provincial newspaper, winning 
its way from small and difficult beginnings to a position of assured 
importance, and combining in that position the developments of 
modern journalism with the dignified traditions of the past, 



By Mrs, Herhert Bichardson. 69 

presents, on the contrary, a fascinating story of courage and enter- 
prise. Of this story at its best the history of The Salisbury and 
Winchester Journal is typical. 



The writer has been much indebted to the kindness of the 
following : Mr. C. G. Bennett and Mr. W. E. Bennett for access 
to old Salishury Journals and much kind help, and to Mr. C. G. 
Bennett for reading the MS. of this article ; Mr. Arthur White- 
head, and Mr. A. E. Butcher, of the Salisbury Public Library, for 
access to old t7o?«'?ia/s ; Mr. Haskins for- help in consulting the 
Salisbury Kate Books ; Mr. Sparks for information as to The Fight 
at Dame Europa^s School', Mr. Ohas. H. Sell, of Messrs. Sells, 
Limited, Fleet Street, for the loan of a very Qo^vXy Jour nalh ova. the 
Sells Collection ; and Mr. Arthur Le Blanc Newbery, of Messrs. 
Francis Newbery & Sons, for information as to the Collins and 
Newbery business relations. 

Erratum — In Part III., Vol. xL, p. 320, 1. I, for "No. li;' read 
No. 1." 



70 



WILTS OBITUARY. 
Sir John Tankerville Goldney, Kt., died April nth, 1920. 

Buried at Corsham.. B. June 15th, 1846, at Beechfield House, Corsham. 
Third s. of Sir Gabriel Goldney, Bart. Educated at Harrow and Trin. 
Col., Camb. B.A. 1867 ; LL.B. 1868. Called to the Bar, Inner Temple, 
1869. Practised on the Northern Circuit and lived at Birkenhead, 
where he married Jane Macgregor, d. of John Laird, in 1875. After 
her death in 1911 he married, secondly, Alice Frances Holbrow Goldney, 
d. of Major Frederick Napier Goldney, 8th Gurkha Rifles, who survives 
him. Appointed Attorney General of the Leeward Islands, 1880, and 
in 1881 Acting Chief Justice ; 1863 to 1877 a puisne judge in British 
Guiana, and 1887 to 1892 in The Straits Settlements. In 1892 Chief 
Justice of Trinidad ; knighted 1893. On his retirement in 1900 he 
came to live at Monks Park, which was left to him by his father. He 
possessed property at Warmley, nr. Bristol, and was connected with 
the Crown collieries there. He was a director of the Capital & Counties 
Bank and of Cammell Lairds, Birkenhead. J. P. for Wilts, 1900, and 
Vice-Chairman of the Chippenham bench. Alderman of the County 
Council, and Chairman of the County Licensing Committee, and a 
Governor of Chippenham County School. He took an active and useful 
part in all sorts of county and local business. He was High Sheriff in 
1910. He was an active supporter of the Association of Wiltshiremen 
in London. A Conservative and churchman, he acted as lay reader 
at Corsham. 

Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, April 15th; Wiltshire Times, vf'iih. 
portrait, April l7th, 1920, 

Major Justly William Awdry, died Oct. 1st, 1919, aged loo. 

Buried at Chippenham Cemetery. Born Oct. 24th, 1818, at The Pad- 
docks, Chippenham, where he died. S. of William Henry Awdry. 
Admitted a solicitor 1843, he practised and lived at Melksham, and 
retiring in 1884 came to live at " The Paddocks," Chippenham, which 
had been rebuilt by his brother Frederick. Me was actively connected 
with the early days of Volunteering, joining as an ensign in the 
Melksham Company in 1860, and in 1864 rose to the command of the 
company, which he retained for twenty years, retiring with the rank of 
major. On May 29th, 1911, at the age of 92, he attended in uniform 
at the Levee of Volunteer veterans at Buckingham Palace and as the 
oldest Volunteer present was especially noticed by the King. On the 
occasion of his centenary, Oct., 1918, he received a congratulatory 
address from the Corporation of Chippenham and a letter from the 
King conveying his congratulations to him as "possibly the oldest 
Volunteer officer in England." He was an earnest churchman, and 
had served for a time as Town Councillor and Guardian. He married 
Miss Capel. f. 

I 



Wilts Obituary. 71 

Obit, notices, Wiltshire Times, with portrait, Oct. 4th; Wiltshire 
Gazette (reprinting a notice of his life which appeared on the occasion 
of his centenary) ; and Wiltshire Advertiser, Oct. 9th, 1919. 

Major William Henry Brinkworth, aged 77, died Oct 2nd, 

1919. Buried at the Old Cemetery, Chippenham. Born at Chippenham. 
S. of J. H. Brinkworth, Mayor in 1858. Worked in a bank at Wootton 
Bassett, succeeded to his father's business as coal merchant at Chip- 
penham, from which he retired some years ago. He was best known 
as a keen Volunteer, and commanded B. Company, retiring some years 
ago with the rank of major. He was an excellent shot and a most 
popular officer. He was a member of the Town Council for many 
years, and of the Board of Guardians. For many years he was organist 
at the Congregational Chapel and a prominent Freemason. 
Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazttte, Oct. 9th, 1919. 

Erlysman Pinckney, died Jan. 31st, 1920, agedSl. Buried at 
Bishopstrow. B. Dec. 15th, 1838. S. of Erlysman Charles Pinckney, 
of Berwick St. James. Educated at Eton and Exeter Coll., Oxon. 
B.A. 1861, M.A. 1864. Called to the Bar (Inner Temple) 1863. J.P. 
for Wilts, and chairman of the Bradford-on-Avon bench 1900. An 
original Alderman of Wilts County Council, he took a prominent part 
in county business and was chairman of the County Finance Committee 
and County Rate Basis Committee for some years. Chairman of 
Conservative Working Men's Benefit Society 1887 to 1904. A strong 
Conservative he took an active part in elections in West Wilts. He 
married, 1870, Frances Elizabeth Mary, d. of James Cusack, of Knock- 
bane, who died 18S9, leaving two sons, Erlysman Charles, of Monkton 
Farleigh, and J. Robert Hugh, of Newbury, He married, secondly, 
March 30th, 1910, Alice Sophia, widow of Col. G. M. Shewell,R.M.L.I., 
who died Nov. 23rd, 1917. Since 1912 he had lived at " Highbury," 
Warminster. Before that he lived at S. Wraxall. 

Obit notice and portrait, Wiltshire Times, Feb. 7th, 1920. 

Canon Edwin George Wyld. died Dec. 27th, 1919, aged 73. 

Buried at Melksham. Eldest s. of Rev. William Thomas Wyld, Rector 
of Woodborough, 1835—1873, where he was born May 7th, 1847. Ex. 
Coll., Oxon. B.A. 1868. Deacon 1870, priest 1871 (Gloucester and 
Bristol). Curate of Hullavington 1870 — 72; Rector of Gratwich and 
Kingstone (Staffs) 1872—73; Rector of Woodborough 1873—81 ; Curate 
of Manningford Bohuno 1874—81 ; Vicar of Mere 1881—90 ; A^icar of 
Melksham 1890—1919. Canon and Preb. of Salisbury 1900. Rural 
Dean of Bradford Deanery. He married, 1872, Mary Caroline, d. of 
Sir Hungerford Pollen, Bart., of Rodbourne, who died 1911. Their 
son, Capt. George Richard, was killed in France, Dec. 25th, 1914. 
Three daughters, Frances, Katherine, and Jessie, survive him. He had 
resigned the living of Melksham three months before his death. In 
all three of his parishes, Woodborough, Mere, and Melksham, Canon 
Wyld showed the energy, the earnestness, and the power of organisation 



72 Wilts Obituary. 

which had made him so successful in each as a parish priest. He was 
as well known in the diocese at large as he was in his own parishes. 
He took especially a leading part in the diocese in the work of the 
Church of England Temperance Society. At Melksham in the course 
of twenty years, the Church, which had been spoilt by the "Restoration" 
of Wyatt in 1845, and was a building without much interest or beauty, 
was transformed into one of the most richly and beautifully furnished 
Churches in the county. He took a leading part in all the public life of 
Melksham, and though he never compromised his own views as a strong 
Churchman, he was respected and esteemed equally by Nonconformists 
and by Churchpeople. This was shown at the public presentation 
which was made to him on behalf of the inhabitants on Sept. 27th, 

1919, when he resigned the living. Melksham Cottage Hospital owes 
much to his interest. He was also a firm supporter and one of the 
trustees of the Wilts Friendly Society. 

A long appreciation with a good portrait of him appeared in the 
Wiltshire Times, Oct. 4th, 1919, and a long obituary notice in the 
Wiltshire Gazette, Jan. 1st, 1920. 

Rev. Walter Charles Kirwan Sylvester, died Jan. 12th, 

1920, aged 62. S. of Dr. George Mayris Sylvester, of Trowbridge. 
Sarum Theolog. Coll., 1884. Dea«on 1886, priest 1889 (Sarum). Curate 
of Abbotsbury (Dorset) 1886—1889; Stockton 1889—90; Broadwindsor 
(Dorset) 1890—91 ; Gillingham (Dorset) 1891—1900 ; Vicar of Chitterne 
1900—04; Rector of Hilperton with Whaddon 1904 until his death. 
He was unmarried. 

Obit notice and portrait, Wiltshire Times, Jan. 17th, 1920. 

Rev. William Chell, died March, 1920, aged 77. Univ. Coll., 
Durham, B.A. 1868, M.A. 1903. Deacon, 1869; Priest, 1871 (Man- 
chester). Curate of St. James, Rochdale, 1869—74 ; Col wall, 1874— 
75 ; Farnsfield, 1875 — 80 ; Curate of Mere, 1881, until his death. 

Obit, notice, Times, March 8th, 1920 ; Portrait, Daily Sketch, Feb. 
24th, 1920. 

Thomas Arkell, died Nov. 2nd, 1919, aged 85. With his brother 
James he succeeded to his father's business as brewer at Stratton St. 
Margaret in 1881. He lived at Beechcroft, Kingsdown. He sat on 
the County Council for a time, and was a J. P. for Wilts. He married 
first Miss lies, and after her death Miss Coleing, of Highworth. One 
of his three sons, Philip, survives him. 
Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, Nov. 6th, 1919, 

George Fulford, died July 2nd, 1919, aged 76. Buried at London 
Road Cemetery, Salisbury. Born in Salisbury, succeeded his father as 
baker and grocer in Castle Street. On his retirement he devoted much 
of his time to public work in the city. A member of the Town Council, 
and later an Alderman ; Mayor, 1884—5. He took a prominent part in 
the establishment of the Victoria Park in 1887. J.P. for the city, 1888 . 



Wilts Obituary. 73 

He filled various other public offices in the city. He had acted as 
churchwarden at St. Edmund's. 
Obit, notice, Salisbury Journal, July 5th, 1919. 

John Mountford, died August, 1919, aged 69. Buried in London 
Road Cemetery, Salisbury. He was chief clerk and partner (1912) in 
the firm of Waters & Rawlence, of Salisbury, and was secretary of the 
Hampshire Down Sheep Breeding Association. An earnest church- 
man, and member of St. Edmund's choir for 40 years, he took a large 
part in establishing and maintaining the C.E.M.S. Soldiers' Club in 
High Street. He was for some years on the County Council. His 
wife, three sons, and two daughters survive him. 
Obit, notice, Salisbury Jowmal, August 23rd, 1919. 

Ebenezer I>ane, died Oct. 29th, 1919, aged 89. Buried at Wood- 
borough. S. of T. W. Lane, of The Croft, Alverstone, Warwickshire. 
Studied chemistry after leaving school. In 1857 he married the 
daughter of S. Bobbins, of Honeystreet Wharf, and in 1859 he joined 
his father-in-law in the timber business at the Wharf, and the firm of 
Bobbins, Lane & Finniger v^ras established. He was a pioneer in the 
manufacture of chemical manures, and was well known as a business 
man. He had been churchwarden of Woodborough for over forty 
years. Four sons and two daughters survive him. 
Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, Nov. 6th, 1919. 

William Nelson Hedbury, died Nov. i ith, 1919, aged 58. Buried 
at Trowbridge. B. at Trowbridge Feb. 7th, 1861. S. of Joseph Led- 
bury, builder and timber merchant. Office boy in County Court 
Offices 1873, and remained there 27 years, rising to the practical con- 
trol of the staff. In 1887 he became first secretary of the Wiltshire 
Working Men's Conservative Benefit Society, and its subsequent 
growth and success was largely due to his energy, and he only gave up 
this work a week before his death. He filled other public posts at 
Trowbridge, and was a prominent Freemason. 
Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, l^ow. \^t\\,\Q\Q. 

William Lancaster, died Nov. 23rd, 1919, aged 76. Buried at 
Great Cheverell. Born at Great Cheverell, he lived the whole of his 
life there, except nine years in Birmingham. He had revived the old 
industry of sheep and cattle bell making, and was the only maker in 
England. jVlany of his bells went to Australia, New Zealand, &c., and 
he was well known at the large sheep and cattle fairs. He leaves a 
widow and five sons and daughters. By his death the industry again 
becomes extinct. 

Obit, notice, Wiltshh-e Gazette, Dec. 4th, 1919. 

Mrs. Percy Wyndham, died March 8th, 1920. Madeline, widow 
of Percy Scawen Wyndham, of Clouds, whom she married in I860, was 
d. of Major-Gen. Sir Guy Campbell and his wife Pamela, eldest 



74 Wilts Ohituary. 

daughter of Ld. Edward Fitzgerald, the Irish patriot. She was the 
mother of George Wyndham, the brilliant statesman, who died 1913, 
and of Mrs. Adeane, Col. Guy Wyndham, the Countess of Wemyss, 
and Lady Glenconner, who survive her. l^he Times, March 9th, 1920, 
in a long appreciation headed " A Strong and R-are Personality," says 
" Wherever she was living, whether at Clouds, her Wiltshire home, or 
at Belgrave Square, she attracted round her artists in every walk of 
life ; her own painting being far above the attainment of the average 
amateur. Among many others, Watts and Burne-Jones, like Mr. 
Arthur Balfour, who was a constant visitor at Clouds, were her close 
personal friends, and the number of well-known men and women who 
will mourn her loss is very large. She had personal beauty of a high 
order, and a character of rare nobility and strength, But above all she 
was a woman of wonderful sympathy, whom everyone knew and every- 
one loved. . . . Her life was, in short, one of singular beauty and 
"selflessness, and she has left behind her, to hosts of her descendants, 
and her friends, a tradition and a memory that will never die" Her 
last years were saddened by the loss of five of her grandsons in the war. 

Spencer Iieig^h Hughes, M.P., died Feb. 22nd, 1920, agedei. 

Buried at Ipswich. B. at Trowbridge. S. of a Wesleyan minister 
there. Familiarly known as "S.L.H.," he made his reputation as a 
journalist on the staff" of the Morning Leader, afterwards incorporated 
with the Daily News. He wrote for this paper for many years, under 
the title of "Sub Rosa," a series of paragraphs dealing in light and 
witty fashion with current topics, political and others. " In his Press 
Gallery days (says the Times) he had a great reputation as an after- 
dinner speaker. For many years he could undoubtedly hold his own 
with any after-dinner speaker in London ... He was liked by 
everybody, and the Press Gallery always had a warm corner in its heart 
for 'S.L.H.'" After unsuccessfully contesting Jarrow in 1907 and 
Bermondsey in 1910, he was elected for Stockport and returned again 
unopposed in 1918. 

Obituary notices in most of the London papers ; Wilts Advertiser^ 
Feb. 26th, 1920. 

Bibliographical List of the Writings of Stephen 

X&eynolds (of Devizes). An obituary notice of Stephen. 
Reynolds was printed in Wilts Arch. Mag., xl., 371, but no list of his 
writings was then available. I am now able to print the following very 
fullandcompletelist, through the kindness of Mr. Harold Wright, of 
Banstead, Surrey, who allows me the use of his list at which he has been 
working for a long time past. E. H. Goddard. 

Books. 

A Poor Man's House. John Lane, London. 1908. A 

description of the life of Fisher Folk in Devon. Price 6s, Long 
notice, Devizes Gazette, Oct. 29th, 1908. 



i 



Wilts Obituary. 75 

The Holy Mountain. John Lane, London. 1909. Cr. 

8vo. The scene is laid at " Trowbury," i.e.^ Devizes. Re- 
viewed, Devizes Gazette, Oct. 7th, 1909. 

Alongshore, where Man and the Sea face one another. 
With illustrations by Melville Mackay. Macmillan & 
Co., London. 1910. Linen. 8in. X 5jin., pp. xvii. + 325. 
A series of articles reprinted from the West^ninster Gazette and 
other magazines and papers. A book of the S. Devon coast. 
Price 8s. Noticed, Wiltshire Advertiser, Nov. 3rd, and Wilt- 
shire Gazette, Nov. 17th, 1910. 

Seems So I A Working Class View of Politics. By 
Stephen Reynolds and Bob and Tom WooUey. With 
frontispiece from a photograph by Melville Mackay. 
Macmillan, London. 1911. Linen. 8in. X S^in., pp. 
xxvi. -f- 32 L 5s. net. Scene laid at Sidmouth. Reviewed at 
length in many papers. Spectator, Dec. 2nd ; Country Life, 
Dec. 23rd ; Wiltshire Gazette, Dec. 28th, 1911. First printed as 
a series o^ articles in the Spectator in 1909. 

How 'Twas. Short Stories and Small Travels. Mac- 
millan, London. 1912. Extra cr. 8vo. 5s. net. 30 short 
stories, mostly reprinted from various magazines. 

The Lower Deck. The Havy & the Nation. London. 
J. M. Dent & Sons, Ltd. 1912. Boards with photos on 
back and sides. 7fin. X 4fin., pp. xi. + 128. Preface by S. R. 
dated Sidniouth, 29th Sept., 1912. The Temple Press, Printers, 
Letch worth. Is. net. 

" Mate's Illustrated Guides. Devizes and Eioundabout. 
The Official Guide of the Devi ?5 as Corporation. By 
Stephen Reynolds, B.Sc. With forty illustrations from 
copyright photographs by J. Chivers, Devizes ; E. H. Roberts, 
Marlborough ; Houghton Bros., Trowbridge ; and Miell & 
Ridley, Bournemouth ; and a one-inch Ordnance Map revised as 
to footpaths by the author. 1906. W. Mate & Sons, Ltd., 62, 
Commercial Pid., Bournemouth. London : E. Marlborough & 
Co., 51, Old Bailey, E.G. Manchester: Abel Heywood & Son, 
Oldham Street." 

Oblong limp cloth, 8f in. X 5|in. Price6d.net. pp. about 75 
un-numbered. Many advertisements intermixed with letter- 
press and good photos of Devizes and neighbouring places.- 

Articles published in Newspapers and Magazines, 
many of them incorporated later in his toooks. 

The Career and Opinions of Dr. Ahasuerus Tims, B.Sc, 

Ph. D. Oiven's Coll. Union Mag., Dec. 1901, Jan. 1902. 
A Letter from Paris. (A Cheltenham Local Paper ? 1902—3). 
The Colonne Concert. Weekly Critical Rev., Jan. 22nd, 1903. 
Tema con Variazione. Ibid, Ap. 30th ; May 7th, 1903. 



76 Wilts Ohitbtary. 

Ideas of Good and Evil. Ibid, July 16th and 23rd, 1903. 

A Fiaiio and ail Omnibus. Weekly Critical JRev, Msiy 28th.; 
June 11th, 1903. 

A Kitten : that's all. Weekly Survey, Dec. 12th, 1904. 

Autobiogrifiction. Speaker, Oct. 6th, 1906. 

Another Prodigal. /6»6^, Dec. 27th, 1907. 

A Yokel's Impression of London. Daily Mail, Aug. 31st, 
1907. 

Fun o' the Pair. Daily News, 1908. 

The Prawner. Ihid,\^OS. 

Robbery Robbed. Ihid,' 1908. 

Touch and go with the Sea. Country Life, 1908. 

Seamen and the Sea. Ibid, 1908. 

Squalls. Ibid, 1908. 

Prom a Poor Man's House (i. — v.). Albany, 1908. 

Longshore Fisheries. Unglish Beview, 1908. 

A Steam-burst Afloat. Daily News, Aug. 31st, 1908. 

What Workmen think of Conscription. Nation, Feb. 13th, 
1909. 

Seems So ! The Suffragettes. Spectator, Feb. 20th, 1909. 

Lame Buck Hunting. Westminster, June 5th, 1909. 

The Coastguard. Daily Mail, Dec. 16th, 1909. 

Turned Out. Neiv Age, May 11th, 1910. 

The Character of the Bra now commencing compared 
with the Victorian Age. Westminster, 3 wnQ^n^, 1910. 

With Baby's Help. New Age, June 30th, 1910. 

Fisherman and Motor Boat. Daily News, July 5th, 1910. 

His Majesty's Medal. Westminster. Aug., 31st, 1910. 

Log of the Bristol Beauty . T.Fs Weekly. Christmas, 1910. 

Brother Christinas and Mr. Bookman. Daily News, Dec. 
26,1910. 

A Dog's Life. Open Window. June 1911. 

Week Ends at Nesscombe : — " Hannaford Himself. West- 
minster, June 3rd and 10th, 1911. "The Commonplace," 
June 17th and 24th, 1911. " Age against Youth," July 1, 1911. 
" Sweet William," July 8th, 1911. " Tragedy," July 15th, 1911. 
•' The Conquest of Ugliness," July 22nd and 29th, 1911. " Dead- 
man's Escape," Aug. 5th, 1911. " The Concert," Aug. 12th, 1911. 
"London," Aug. 19th, 1911. "Nakedness," Aug. 26th, 1911. 
" Rabelaisianism," Sept. 2nd, 1911. " Immortality," Sept. 9th 
and 16th, 1911. 

Sillie Saltie. Throne, Nov. 11, 1911. 

Ships versus Men. English Review, 1911. 

Mrs. Tripp's Flutter. Bristol Times, June 5th, 1912. 

The Great Silent Navy. Daily Chronicle, July 10th, 1912. 

Men of the Lower Deck. i"6tci, July 17th, Aug. 3rd, 1912. 

The Lower Deck, Ibid, July 22nd, Aug. 13th and 24th, 1912. 

How I began. T.P's. Weekly, Oct. 18th, 1912. 



Wilts Ohituary. 77 

Puffin Home. Blackwood, Nov. 15th, 1912. 

Tramping Afloat. Everyman, Nov. 15th, 1912. 

What the Poor Man Thinks.— -(Interview.) Christian 

Commonwealth, Jan. 22nd, 1913. 
Free Libraries and Novel Censorship. T.P's. Weekly, Sept. 

12th, 1913. 
je9,00 0,000 Worth of Pish. Daily Mail, Sept. 13th, 1913. 
The Peacemaker. Ibid, Sept. 20th, 1913. 
Wealth and Life :— " Politics," Nation, Nov. 14th, 1913. " Un- 
rest," Nov. 22nd, 1913, " Wealth Itself," Nov. 29th, 1913. 

"Civilization," Dec. 6th, 1913. "Society," Dec. 13th, 1913. 

" Work," Dec. 20th and 27th, 1913. " Industry," Jan. 3rd, 1914. 

" Class," Jan. 10th and 17th, 1914. " The Attitude of Labour," 

Jan. 24th, 1914. 
The Faith I live by. Christian Comm.onwealth, Dec. 10th,1913. 
Iiabonr and Religion. Challenge, May 1st, 1914. 
Our Unconquerable Fishermen. Daily Mail, May 18th, 1914. 
Fish Prices and Profits. Ihid, June 23rd, 1914. 
Sea Fish at Home. Baily News, July 25th, 1914. 
Fish Food in War Time. Daily Mail, Sept. 18th, 1914. 
Fishermen in War. Times, Dec. 11th, 1914. 
Frank Brandt, R.N. Asiatic Review, Feb. 1915. 
The one Food that is Cheaper. Daily Mail, Feb. 20th, 1915. 
Our Fishermen and our Fish. Times, June 2nd, 1915. 
Inshore Fisheries and Naval Needs. Quarterly Review^ 

July, 1915. 
Inshore Fisheries Development. Country Life, two illusts., 

Apr. 22nd and May 20th, 1916. 
Fish as Food. Times Trade Supplemeiit, Jan., 1917. 

Poems. 

Pecunia Fugit. Oiven's Coll. Union Mag, Dec, 1901. 

Song. Ihid, Dec, 1901. 

A Correspondence: From Chopin's Nocturne, Op. 48, 

No. 2. Ihid, Jan., 1902. 
Prisoners. New Weekly, April 11th, 1914. 
The Fisherman's Song. Ihid. 

Iietters to the Press. 

The Coastguard and the Longshore Fisheries. Sidmouth Herald, 

April 4th, 1908. Times. 
Capstans on the Road. /M, July 11th, 1908. 
The Economics of Longshore Fisheries. Ihid, 1908. 
Controversy with Devizes Minister, Wiltshire Gazette. 
The Poor and Education. Spectator, Feb. 5th, 1910. 
Open letter to Miss Kittley. Sidmouth Herald. 
Bathing. Ihid, Aug. 31st, 1911. 
Inshore Fisheries. Times, April 5th, 1912. 



< 8 Wilts Ohittiary. 

Shore Fishermen and the Insurance Act. Ihid, May 25th, 1912. 

The Lower Deck. Daily Chronicle^ Oct. 2nd, 1912. 

Harvest Bugs. Daily Mail, Sept. 1st, 1913. 

Wealth and Life. New Age, Feb. 26th, 1914. 

Inshore Fisheries, Times^ June 10th, 1914. 
He was also the author of a great number of reviews of books in the 
Bookman, the Daily News the Daily Mail, and other papers, and a 
list of about 140 of these has been placed with the MS. Wilts Biblio- 
graphical collections. 



WILTSHIRE BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, 

AND ARTICLES, 

[N.B. — This list does not claim to be in any way exhaustive. The Editor 
appeals to all authors and publishers of pamphlets, books, or views, in 
any way connected with the county, to send him copies of their works, 
and to editors of papers, and members of the Society generally, to send 
him copies of articles, views, or portraits, appearing in the newspapers.] 

Devizes Castle : its History and Homance. By E. 

Herbert Stone. (Photo of Waylen's Picture of the Castle). 
Devizes : George Simpson & Co., Devizes, Ltd., 1920. 

8vo, 8|in. X 6^m. Cloth, pp., including title, viii. + 201. Price 7s. 
Five folding plans : — The Castle, General Plan ; Keep of Rochester 
Castle ; Probable General Plan of Castle and Borough in the 13th 
Century ; General Plan of the Town of Devizes at the present date ; 
The Old Park ; Frontispiece of the Castle from Waylen's imaginary 
picture in the Town Hall ; Prehistoric fortifications fromViollet le Due ; 
Plans of the King's House in the Castle ; The dilapidated Keep (of 
Rochester) : Devizes in the year 1723 (from Stukeley) ; Two Views of 
the Round Tower (from prints) ; The Castle of to-day, 1919 (photo of 
House and Garden.) 

Mr. Stone's work, which first appealed in a series of instalments in 
the Wiltshire Gazette, from May 29th to Sept. 4th, 1919, in a somewhat 
abridged form, is now published in a substantial volume with con- 
siderable additions and enlargements, but on the same lines as were 
followed in its serial publication. As it appeared serially it has already 
been noticed in the Magazine (vol. xl., pp. 438, 439). In its book 
form it gathers together very conveniently all that has been published 
concerning the history of the castle. For those who desire to study 
the subject more fully, the author's type-written history on a larger 
scale, giving full quotations from authorities, is available in the Society's 
Library at Devizes Museum, and in addition the author states that he 
will be glad to show his collection"^ of plans, sections, and notes, to 
anyone interested in the subject. There is a fairly full table of contents 
of four pages at the beginning of the book, but this does not adequately 
take the place of a full index, which would have added much to the 



Wiltshire Books, PampJilets, and Articles. 79 

practical value of the book. A large number of appendices dealing 
with various matters of interest are added at the end of the work— one 
of which contains translations of the earlier charters, down to that of 
Ed. III. On p. 1 92 a quotation from the Frivy Purse Expenses of 
Elizabeth of York, it is evident that the " vi. bukkes " which " the 
Keper of the parke of the Devizes " brings " Thens to Fayreford to the 
Quene" are not boohs, as is assumed in the text, but bucks. 

A long and good review appears in the Wiltshire Gazette, April 1st ; 
there are also notices in the Wiltshire Adve^^tiser, and Wiltshire 
Times, April 10th, 1920. The author replied to some points raised by 
the reviewer in Wiltshire Gazette April 8th, 1920. 

The Story of Piirton. A Collection of Notes and 
Hearsay gathered by Ethel M, Klchardson. With 

illustrations. Bristol: J. W. Arrowsmith, Ltd., 11, Quay Street. 
London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent, & Company, Limited, 
1919." 

Cloth, 8vo, pp. 143. Eight photo plates, containing good photos of 
" The Church, Manor House, and Old Cottages " ; " Chimney Pieces (2) 
in College Farm " ; " Purton from an old Print " ; " The Church before 
Pvestoration (interior)." Portraits of " Old Mrs. Cook " and " Curly 
Tom." "Purton House and Cedar in the Grounds." "The Manor 
House, N. and S. Fronts." " Restrop House, Front, and Hall." "Purton 
House, 1800, from a Sketch." 

This nicely got up book is not a History of Purton, but just what 
its title claims for it, "A collection of Notes and Hearsay," and the 
value and interest of it lies almost entirely in matters of the 18th and 
19th century, recollections of the oldest inhabitant rescued by Mrs. 
Richardson, or events of even more recent times. For earlier events 
she has relied chiefly on the pages of this Afagazine and of Wilts Notes 
and Queries, and where she quotes she does not always give her 
references, so that the student of Wiltshire history must not expect to 
find any new light thrown on the early history of the place, though the 
modern inhabitant of Purton, for whom the book is primarily written, 
will find much to interest him. The story of Edmund, Earl of 
Clarendon, who lived at College Farm, now the property of Worcester 
College, to which his father, Henry Hyde, had removed from Dinton, 
is illustrated by good photos of the two fine and well-preserved armorial 
mantelpieces still existing in the house, though there is no description 
of their heraldry. The account of ithe Church is taken from Mr. 
Ponting's article in Wilts Arch. Mag., but an interesting note or two 
is added. 

The fourth bell, inscribed " Edward Deane, Humphrey Stanley, 
Churchwardens, A.R. 1750," being badly cracked, was re-cast in 1916, 
the old inscription being reproduced with this addition : — " Re-cast 
M.C.M.XVL A.M.D.G. et in piam memoriam Mervyn Stronge 
Richardson, 1st Battalion Royal Welch Fusiliers, killed in action at 
Fricourt, France, March 19th, 1916, aged 21 years. Dulce et decorum 



80 Wiltshire Boojcs, PampJtlets, and Articles. 

est, pro patria mori. Arthur Richardson, Captain. Frank Kempster. 
Churchwardens. John Veysey, Vicar." A list of the Vicars and 
Patrons is given from 1299, Some account is given of the Prower 
family, two of whom, father and son, both named John, held the living 
for ail-but a century from 1771 to 1869. The account of the restoration 
of the Church in 1872 leads to the story of the female (?) skeleton 
found lying in a recess 4ft. above the floor in the chancel wall. Of 
course this at Purton is always regarded as that of an immured nun. 
Mrs. Richardson suggests that it is that of an anchorite who dwelt in 
the chamber now used as the vestry, though there is really no evidence 
that this was so. And the reported finding of a sword with the skeleton 
seems to throw doubt on the accepted fact that it was that of a female 
at all. Notes follow on well-known characters and all sorts of parish 
institutions and their founders, school, cottage hospital, institution, 
cricket club (famous in its day in N. AVilts), mills, and charities. In 
connection with the "Poors Piatt Charity" the letting of the twenty- 
five acres appropriated to the poor of Purton Stoke on the disafforesting 
of Braden in lieu of their former rights in the forest, on the first Thurs- 
day after Old Christmas, is still carried out by the ceremony of " Chalk- 
ing the Bellows." " The Bellows are taken round by the Landlord 
of ' The Beir at Purton Stoke, accompanied by one of the tenants of 
the preceding year, who is given the option of making the first bid. This 
is done by chalking the amount on the bellows. When the bellows have 
been passed round the room three times without an advance, on arriving 
the third time at the last bidder he becomes the tenant for the ensuing 
year." Previous to its purchase, about the middle of the 17th century, 
by Francis Goddard, Purton House, the residence of the authoress, 
was known as " Chamberlaynes." The drawing made in 1800 suggests 
a substantial house of the time of Queen Anne or somewhat earlier. 
This appears to have been mostly pulled down and the modern house 
built a little before 1840, when Mrs. Sarah Miles sold it to Horatio 
Nelson Goddard, of Clyffe Pypard, who in turn sold it later to Major 
Prower. The fine cedar was planted by Sir George Hayter, the portrait 
painter, about seventy years ago. 

The Manor House, which with its great barn forms with the Church 
a group of buildings which it is hard to match in Wiltshire, was re-built 
at the end of the 1 6th century by Lord Chandos practically as we see 
it now. ile sold it to Sir John Cooper and it remained the property 
of the Earls of Shaftesbury until in 1892 it was (as Church Farm) sold 
to Mr. Charles Beak, on whose death in 1900 it was sold to Mrs. Walsh, 
the present owner. The south front of the house was not altered but 
a new wing was then added to the north side, and the interior, which 
had long been adapted and used as a farm house, was entirely re-modelled. 
In 1912 the old Vicarage, a house of no architectural interest, was pulled 
down, and the site was added to the churchyard. Mrs. Richardson 
notes that several skeletons have been since discovered in what was 
the Vicarage garden. Some interesting reminiscences are given of the 
hanging at '• Watkins' Corner," in 1819, of Robert Watkins, for the 



Wiltshire Books, Fa^nphlets, and Articles. 81 

murder of Stephen Rodway, at Cricklade, " The Salts Hole " is a 
mineral spring resorted to for the cure of all manner of ills from time 
immemorial. Mr. S. C. ^addler, the owner of the field, regarding this 
practice as an empty superstition filled up the spring until being himself 
smitten with serious illness he was obliged to resort to it for relief, 
after which, in 1859, a small octagonal building was erected over the 
" Spa," which still remains. There is a portrait and a short account of 
" Curly Tom," the pedlar, who died in the Workhouse at 104 a few 
years ago, and all the principal inhabitants at the present day are 
touched on. The curious saying, " Oh, you come from Purton," as 
applied to a person who doesn't shut the door after him, is noted, but 
there seems to be no explanation of its origin. 

The occurrence of the field name "Battle field" is mentioned as 
evidence of a battle with the Danes on the spot, but later on in the 
book it is stated that the name is often spelled " Betwell Field," which 
seems effectually to do away with its derivation from " Battle." An 
account of the Homeric backswording contests between Purton and 
Stratton in "The Close" at Purton during Purton Fair in September 
in the early years of the 19th century is quoted from Hone's Every 
Day Booh. These contests seem to have been stopped about 1824. 
There were two fairs, on May 1 st and Sept. 3rd, A very good chapter on 
Braden Forest and the parish boundaries is contributed by Mrs. Story 
Maskelyne. The record of the athletic successes of Mr. James Kibble- 
white, born at Purton, Feb. 6th, 1866, who in ten years won £1200 
worth of prizes as a champion runner, fills a whole page, and some 
account of the various war activities of the parish with the Roll of 
Honour of those who fell finishes the volume. It is a great pity that 
no index is given — an index is half the battle in any book of this kind. 
It is a pity, too, that so many misprints, especially in the earlier portion 
of the book, should have escaped correction. Sometimes they make 
the quotations or references quite unintelligible, e.g.^ Stilton Lodge, on 
p. 101, should be Hatton Lodge ; the inscription on the coin given on 
p. 105 as it stands has four mistakes in it ; the date of Aubrey is 1669, 
not 1569 ;, "Doce of S. Ordinary," on p. 79, does not explain itself; 
and in the list of vicars and patrons on p. 47 there are twenty misprints 
and mistakes, some of the names not being in line with their correct 
dates. 

Reviewed, Wiltshire Gazette^ Jan. 1st, 1920 ; London Mercury ^ April, 
1920, p. 741. 

The Sarum Consuetudinary and its relation to 
the Cathedral Church of Old Sarum. By Sir 
Wiliam St. John Hope, Iiitt.D , D.C.L. An important 

paper in Archcsologia, LXVIII., pp. Ill — 126. Dr. W. H. Frere, who 
edited the Consuetudinary in 1898 decided on internal evidence that 
its date was circa 1210. Sir William Hope follows this up by proving 
bothon architectural and topographical grounds that theConsuetudinary 
was drawn up not for the existing Cathedral of Salisbury, but for the 
OL. XLL— NO. CXXXII. G 



82 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles^ 

Church of St. Osmund as enlarged by Bishop Roger, whose ground 
plan was excavated at Old Sarum in 1912 — 13. A" Plan of the Cathedral 
Church of Salisbury before Wyatt's alterations, reduced from Gough's 
Sepulchral Monuments ^'^ and " a Restored plan of the Cathedral Church 
of Old Sarum, showing suggested arrangement and places of altars " 
are given, and the two are compared, with reference to the course of 
processions, &c., as given in the Consuetudinary, which several times 
speaks of the main door of the Church as being in the south transept, 
as it was at Old Sarum, and not on the north side as it is at Salisbury. 
The position of the altars and the course of the processions, both outside 
and inside the Cathedral of Old Sarum are minutely discussed, and it 
is shown that the course of the Rogation procession through the city 
can only refer to Old Sarum and not to Salisbury. Plans of the N.W. 
quarter and of the whole I site of Old Sarum, as well as a reduction of 
the plan of the City of Salisbury in 1716, by William Naish, are given 
to illustrate the discussion as to the course of the processions. Inci- 
dentally Sir William Hope argues that th<? large chamber which sur- 
mounted the massive subvault north of the transept discovered in 
1912 — 13 was the Chapter House, and states that the tower in the 
middle of the Church contained bells, at least three or four in number, 
for they are directed to be rung in a peal or clash. (c^asstciiwi) on Advent 
Sunday and Easter morning, 

T^he Choir Screen in Salisbury Cathedral. In a long 

and valuable paper on " Quire Screens in English Churches," by the 
late Sir W. H. St. J. Hope, in Archceologia, Vol. LXVIII., pp. 43—110, 
he says of that of Salisbury Cathedral (p. 55) : — 

" On the completion of .the quire and presbytery at Salisbury about 
1260 there was s,et up under the eastern arch of the tower a beautiful 
pulpitum of Purbeck marble. It was about 12^ feet deep, according 
to the old plan published by Richard Gough, with two stairs in its 
thickness, and toward the nave were seven niches on either side the 
quire door,iwhich was a lofty double one with a horizontal lintel. Above 
the niches was a parapet to the loft panelled in twelve divisions. A 
vieAv published in 1754 (illustrated in Plate XIII.) shows the screen 
entire with some later panelling above and a fine organ. This was all 
swept away by Wyatt in 1789, and replaced by a creation of his own 
(replaced in its turn by a metal erection designed by Sir G. G. Scott), but 
the wall of niches was preserved and set up in the north-east transept, 
where it may still be seen (Plate XIII.). The niches were originally 
filled with imagery,^ but that did not hinder the setting up below them 
of a pair of altars, of St. Denys to the north, and of St. Andrew to the 
south of the doorway. During the building of the buttressing arches 
under the tower, early in the fifteenth century, these altars were taken 
down and set up on each side of the nave, against the tower piers, 
where they remained. There is some evidence of a third altar, of the 
Holy Cross, in the rood-loft itself." 

In traciftg the evolution of the choir screen from the Epistle and 

' Images of the Kings of England. See Wilts Arch. Mag.^ xxxviii.,:567. 



I 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 83 

Gospel ambons, of which many early examples exist in Italian Churches, 
he says : — 

"In the customals and statutes of English Churches the Latin name 
for the solid screen bounding the quire westwards is pulpitum. At 
Exeter from 1317 onwards it is called ' la pulpytte.' . . . Its use 
is definitely fixed in the secular Churches, as well as in those of collegiate 
rank, as the place, loft, or gallery, from which at stated times the 
Epistle and Gospel were read ; it was also used for minor purposes. 
. . . The monastic orders do not seem to have used the jow^joi^i^m in 
quite the same way. . , . The important document known as the 
Consuetudinary of Sarum, though embodying much older rules, is 
considered by the best and latest authorities to be not earlier than 
1173 nor later than 1220, or about 1210. It must, therefore, have been 
used in the Cathedral Church of Old Sarum . , . it has served as 
the basis of the customs observed in almost every other Church of 
secular canons in this country. Many of the rules laid down in the 
Consuetudinary are set out at greater length in the Salisbury document 
known as the Customary, which seems to have been compiled and 
elaborated from the older forms during the first half of the 14th century, 
, . . From these two sources it can be shown that the pulpi turn was 
used 

(1) For the singing of the lessons at Mattins. 

(2) For the reading of the Epistle, the,' singing of the gradual and 

the alleluya, and the reading of the Gospel from an Eagle desk, 
'on Sundays and all great days. 

(3) For the lesson at the mass. 

(4) For certain functions, when a station was made before the cross 

or rood that stood above it (as in the Sunday and other pro- 
cessions), and for the singing of the genealogy at Mattins on 
Christmas Day. The great importance attaching to the cere- 
monial reading of the Epistle and Gospel is fully illustrated 
by both documents cited." 
The Epistle was to be read from the pulpitum " every Sunday, and 
whenever the quire was ruled through the whole year ; also on Maundy 
Thursday, the vigils of Easter and Pentecost, and on All Souls' Day. 
At other times the Epistle was read at the quire step from a desk or 
lectern. On the days when the Epistle was read from the joi^^^ji'^iimj 
which was done facing eastwards towards the quire, the gradual was 
also sung in the pulpitum by two boys in surplices, and not, as was 
usually the case, and as its name implies, at the quire step. The alleluya 
which followed was likewise sung from the pulpitum by two clerks of 
the upper rank in silk copes . . . after the Epistle has been read, 
one of the taperers with a boy from the quire shall prepare to adorn 
the Eagle {aquilam) in the pulpitum for the rea,ding of the Gospel, 
probably by hanging over it a silken cloth or ' towel ' . . , at the 
end of the alleluya, sequence, or tract, the deacon went through the 
middle of the quire to the puljyitum carrying the text or gospel book 
. . . when h& arrived at the place of reading the subdeacon took the 

G 2 



84 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

text and held it on the left side of the deacon, while he read the Gospel 
from another book on the eagle facing to the north. . . . Another 
use of the pulpitum was that to which it was put at Salisbury and 
elsewhere on Christmas Day. After the third nocturn of Mattins the 
deacon and subdeacon . . . went to the pulpitum to sing the 
genealogy, or first sixteen verses of St. Matthew's Gospel. The 
pulpitum was also used during the procession before high mass on 
Candlemas Day, Easter Day, and Rogation Sunday for the singing of 
the verse by three clerks of the upper rank * turned to the people,' that 
is, westwards, towards the nave, whereas everything else was sung 
eastwards towards the quire. . . . This use of the pulpitum at 
Salisbury was followed in almost exactly the same way at Lincoln , 
York, Exeter, Hereford, and Lichfield, and it is to be presumed in 
every other Cathedral and Collegiate Church of secular canons in this 
country." 
A plan of the quire and presbytery of Old Sarum Cathedral is given. 

'' The Record of the Parish of Steeple Ashton, in- 
cluding the Tithing of Great Hinton, in the 
County of Wilts in relation to the Great War, 

1914—1919. Compiled and edited by E P. Knubley, M.A., 
Vicar of Steeple Ashton, Canon of Salisbury. Trowbridge : Printed 
by Massey & Co., Castle Street. 1919." 

Linen, T^in. x 5in., pp. 60, including titles and last three pp. un- 
numbered. Photos of Steeple Ashton Market Cross and Lock Up ; 
Church ; Great Hinton Village ; The Wiltshires who defeated the 
Prussian Guard at Thiepval. On the cover is the title " The War 
Record of a Wiltshire Parish, 1914—1919." The greater part of the 
book consists in the Roll of Honour, giving a full record of the war 
services, decorations, &c., of each of the 174 men and 5 women of the 
parish who served during the war. Of these 13 were officers, 44 N.C.O.s, 
and 117 of other ranks. 30 lost their lives, 40 more were wounded, and 
33 honours were gained. The parish was represented in almost every 
action of importance, on all the fronts and in most of the operations at 
sea. The author in his excellent introduction rightly claims that from 
this careful record of the services of the men of a single one of the 
larger country parishes of Wiltshire the war activities of the whole 
nation may be inferred in time to come. This admirable little record 
was compiled in the first place as a keepsake to be presented to each 
of the men and women who had served. The introduction also gives 
a summary account of the various war activities carried on at home in 
the parish during these momentous years. 

English Silver Plate belonging to Field-Marshal 

Lord Methuen, G.C.B. Article in Country Life, Feb. 14th, 
1920, pp. 197 — 199, by H. Avray Tipping, on the great collection of 
Ld. Methuen's plate, numbering ninety-five lots, sold at Christie's on 
Feb. 25th, 1920. It contains admirable photographs of the very re- 
markable English cup and cover of rock crystal and silver gilt, of tie 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 85 

middle of the 15th cent. ; a rosewater ewer, by Pierre Harache, of 
1703; a pair of cups and covers, part of a dessert service, by John 
Gibbons and Andrew Moore, 1703 ; Three silver gilt casters, by Geo. 
Garthorne, cir. 1705 ; a pair of sauce boats, by Isaac Duke, 1743 ; three 
plain octagonal casters with cypher of George I. and royal arms, by L. 
Mettayer, 1714; a pair of oval cream ewers, by P. Crespin, 1738 — 9; 
one of a pair of double-handled cups and covers with royal arms and 
cypher of George I., by P. Rolles, 1714 ; round dish and two fan-shaped 
dishes, part of dessert service, with royal arms and cypher of Geo, I,, 
by L. Mettayer. This was the most important sale of silver since 
the Ashburnham Plate was sold in 1914. The total sum realised was 
;{'33,096. 

Anthony Methuen, s. of Paul, who was Prebendary of Wells, was Vicar 
of Frome. He died 1640,and was buried at Frorae. Hemarried the daugh- 
ter and heiress of Thomas Taylor, of Bristol. Mis son, Paul, " the greatest 
Cloathier of his time," succeeded his father-in-law, John Ashe, in 
business at Bradford-on-Avon. Paul died 1667 and was succeeded in 
in the business by his younger son, Anthony. His elder son, John, 
became Master in Chancery 1685, and Ld. Chancellor of Ireland 1697. 
He was a member of the Council of Trade, and went on a mission to 
Portugal 1691, and in 1702 signed, as ambassador, the commercial 
treaty — the " Methuen Treaty "—giving preference to Portuguese wines 
in England and to English woollens in Portugal. He apparently 
acquired the dessert service, the rosewater ewer and casters, which all 
bear the Methuen arms. John died 1706. His son, Paul, had been 
ambassador in Portugal, he became a Privy Councillor 1714, and was 
sent as ambassador to Spain. Probably the plate bearing the royal arms 
and the cypher of Geo. I. was given to him then. In 1720 he was 
Comptroller and then Treasurer of the Household. He acquired much 
of the remaining plate of the collection. He died unmarried and much 
of his property went to the grandson of Anthony Methuen, the clothier 
of Bradford-on-Avon. Much of the plate is, as has been said, by 
French silversmiths, many of whom migrated to London in the early 
18th century. 

A good article on the sal©, by Arthur Hayden, also appeared in The 
Illustrated London News, March 6th, 1920, with three illustrations : — 
(1) one of a set of four table candlesticks, made by John Cafe in 1749, 
lOin. high, bought by Mr, S. J. Phillips for £547 ; (2) one of the pair 
of two-handled covered cups, by Phil. Rolles, 1714, 15^in. high, sold 
for ;^2877 ; (3) the crystal and silver-gilt cup. 

There was also an article in the Daily Telegraphy reprinted in the 
Wiltshire Ihmes, Feb, 7th, 1920, describing more particularly this 
Gothic cup, an illustration of which also appeared in the advertisement 
of the sale in Country Life, Feb. 7th, 1920. This cup was bought 
for ;^3200 by Mr. L. Crichton. It is 7in. in height, with a shallow 
spreading bowl and cover, surmounted by a crystal ball and silver gilt 
serpent, and a spreading foot of silver gilt with an octagonal stem of 
rock crystal, and bears the maker's mark " Vh." 



86 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

Round the cover, the rim of the bowl, and the foot are the in- 
scriptions in contemporary lettering : — 

"Gif that thou hes a frind of lang 
Suppos he svmtim dov the vrang 
Oppres him not hot ath of mein 
The kandes that afor has bein 
mal " 
"At thi burd quan thou art set 
Think on the puir standis at thi zet 
Love God Do Lav Keip Cherati 
Sua. sal. al Grace aboundand be.'' 

" Que quid agas sapienter agas et resspise finem." 
Whilst round the central knop or band on the chalice stem is, in 16th 

century lettering " Exdono G.D. dIm-" In the centre of the bowl is 

engraved the sacred monogram, and the cup is said to have been used 
by Mary, Q. of Scots, at her last communion. 

Among other remarkable lots were twenty-four soup plates, by 
Benjamin Pyne, 1720, £697 ; three silver gilt casters, by Geo. Garthornc, 
1705, £358 ; a pair of plain oval cream ewers, by Paul Crespin, 1738, 
;^386; a circular sideboard dish, weighing 189 ozs., by Pierre Harache, 
;^1033 ; three plain octagonal casters, with arms and cypher of Geo. I., 
by Louis Mettayer, 1714, £1093; a dessert service, by John Gibbons 
and Andrew Moore, 1703 ; twenty-four plates with cups and covers, 
and eight small tazze, weighing 985 oz., £6944. 

Beckford Family Portraits. An article on '* The Hamilton 
Palace Collection " (II.), by H. Avray Tipping, in Country Life, Oct. 
25th, 1919, pp. 514—517. When William Beckford, of Fonthill, died 
in 1844 he left what remained of his possessions to Alexander, tenth 
Duke of Hamilton, who had married his younger daughter, Susanna, 
to. the exclusion of his elder daughter, the wife of Major-Gen, James 
Orde. Thus his pictures and library came to Hamilton Palace. The 
portraits here excellently illustrated are (1) Peter Beckford, father of 
the Alderman and Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica, painted by K. 
Williams, 1692 ; (2) his son. Alderman William Beckford, b. in Jamaica, 
1709, owner of great plantations in the West Indies, thrice Ld. Mayor 
of London, and M.P. for the City, the builder of the Georgian house 
at Fonthill. The portrait, full length, is by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1755, 
or by G. Romney from a mask after death ; (3) Mrs. Beckford, by Sir 
Joshua Reynolds, full length. This is either Maria Hamilton, wife of 
the Alderman, painted 1770,- or the Hon. Louisa Pitt, wife of Peter 
Beckford, the Alderman's nephew, and writer on Hunting, (kc, painted 
1782 ; (4) William Beckford (of Fonthill Abbey), s. of the Alderman, 
as a boy, by G. Romney, full length ; (5) the same at the age of 22^ also 
by G. Romney, full length ; (6) Margaret and Susanna, daughters of 
Will. Beckford, by G. Romney, of whom Margaret, the younger (sitting) 
married Alexander, tenth Duke of Hamilton, of whom- there are two 



Wiltshire Boohs, FavipJilets, and Articles. 87 

portraits here illustrated. All these portraits were sold at Christies' 
Nov. 6th, 1919, when the picture of the two Beckford children, Margaret 
and Susanna, was bought by Sir Joseph Duveen for ^54,600, the record 
price for any picture ever paid at public auction in England. A photo 
of this picture appeared in The Queen, Nov. 15th, 1919. 

Catalogue of the Famous Library of Printed Books, 
Illuminated Manuscripts, Autograph Letters, 
and Engravings collected by Henry Huth, and 
since maintained and augmented by his son, 
Alfred H Huth, Fosbury Manor, Wiltshire. 
The Printed Books and Illuminated Manu- 
scripts, Eighth Portion. Which will be sold by auction 
by Messrs. Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge . . at their large Galleries, 
34 & 35, New Bond Street ... 8th July, 1919, and three following 
days. 

Paper cover, large 8vo, pp., titles and conditions, ii. + pp. 1991 — 2155 . 

Catalogue of the Renowned Collection of Autograph 
Letters and Historical Manuscripts formed by 
the late Alfred Morrison, Esq., of Fonthill, and 
now the property of Mrs Morrison. The Fourth 

and Pinal Portion, . . . Sold by auction by Messrs. 
Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge . . . 34 & 35, New Bond Street, 
5th May, 1919, and two following days. 
Paper cover, large 8vo, pp.,, title and conditions, ii.+ pp. 401 — 512. 

" Windmill Hill, Avebury, and Grime's Graves, 
Cores and Choppers. By the He v. H. G. O. 

Kendall, F.S A. Read in London, March nth, 1919." Paper in 
Proc. Prehist. Soc. of E. Anglia, Vol. III., Part I., 1919, pp. 104—108. 
Two pages of illustrations of flints. 

This is a further step in the elaborate comparison of the worked flints 
; ;from these two sites of which previous instalments have been given by 
the author in the same Proceedings^ Vol. II., pp. 230 & 563 ; and in 
Proc. Soc. Ant., 2nd Series, xxvi., 73. He argues that the large flints 
of Grime's Graves (Norfolk) and the small flints of Windmill Hill and 
Avebury Down may be paired the one with the other and difi'er only 
in size— a question of flint supply only. The flints from all these sites 
as well as Cissbury are all of one industry and that of the Neolithic 
period. 

The Hudge Cup. In The Cumberland and Westmoreland Antiq. Sf 
Archceolog. Soc. Trans., N.S., XVIII., 1918, pp. 223—228, Prof. F. 
Haverfield has an interesting paper on '' The Roman name of 
Birdoswald" — founded on a new reading of the inscription on the 
Roman bronze cup found at Kudge, in the parish of Froxfield, in 1725, 



88 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

and now preserved at Alnwick Castle. The inscription is : — A MAIS 
ABALLAVA VXELLODVM C AMBOGLANS BANNA. This 
clearly is a list of the forts on the Wall of Hadrian and answers in 
inverse order to the list given by Ravennas, Banna, Uxelludamo, 
Avalana, Maia. Aballava is known to be Papcastle, Uxelodum and 
Uxeludamo are Maryport, and Amboglans in no doubt Birdoswald. 
But Prof. Haverfield says the name on the cup is not, as is usually 
stated, "Amboglans," but " Oamboglans." The letter before " Ambo- 
glans" has usually been taken as the final o of " CJxelloduno," mis- 
engraved MC for NO, but he is clear, after an examination of the 
original, that the letter is C and not O, and he inclines therefore to 
believe that the name of Birdoswald was " Camboglanna," and not 
" Ambloglanna." 

Griffin CurteiS. By A. Schomberg, Miscellanea Genealog. et Herald., 
5th Series, III., 158—161 . An illustration of his monument, once in the 
chancel of St. Nicholas, Newbury, but now outside the S. wall, is given, 
together with his will, in which he describes himself as of East Enborne 
(Berks), and the will of another '* Griffin Curtys," of Thornbury 
(Gloucs). The first was M.P. for Ludgershall 1562—3, and Escheator 
for the counties of Oxford and Berks. 

Beaufort Family. An article on the descent of the Dukes of 
Beaufort from Edward Lord Herbert, created first Duke in 1682, and 
from his Herbert and Beaufort ancestors is reprinted from the Estates 
Gazette in the Wiltshire Gazette, Oct. 16th, 1919. 

Bolingbroke and Walpole. By the Rt. Hon. J. W. Robertson. 
T. Fisher Unwin : London, 1919. 

Cloth, 12s. 6d. net. Reviewed in 2\mes Lit. Suppl., Oct. 16th, 1819. 

Damerham Church. An appeal by the Vicar (Rev. G. H. Moule) 
and churchwardens for ^61500 for urgent structural repairs of the Church 
contains some good short notes on the history of Damerham, until 
lately in Wilts, and still in the diocese of Salisbury. There is also a 
sufficient notice of the architectural features of the Church, a Norman 
tower on the S. side, which in its original condition it is suggested may 
have been built soon after the Conquest and have belonged to an 
earlier Church than that now existing, the nave, N. aisle, and N. 
wall of the chancel of later Norman work, the S. aisle, porch, and 
chancel arch 13th century, the chancel windows 14th century, the west 
window and N. aisle windows of the 15th century. The roof has 
carved bosses of the 14th century, and there is a 13th century piscina in 
the chancel. Traces of wall paintings have recently been discovered. 
A small Norman tympanum of St. George on horseback now built into 
the Vicarage wall is to be restored to the Church. 

Henry Hunt, of Enford. '• The Story of Peterloo. By F. A. 
Bruton, M.A., Litt. D.," in the Bulletin of the John Eyland's Library, 
Manchester, Vol. 5, Nos. 3 and 4, April to Nov., 1919, pp. 254—295, 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 89 

large 8vo, is a long and scholarly article dealing with the events which 
led up to the famous " Peterloo Massacre," at the great Reform meeting 
in St. Peter's fields, at Manchester, on August 16th, 1819, whilst the 
occurrences on the day itself are most carefullyiand minutely described 
from all available sources. Henry Hunt, who played the leading part 
on the Reform side, figures largely in the article. Amongst the illus- 
trations are "Orator Hunt, 1773—1835, chairman of the Peterloo 
Meeting " (a photo of a full-length portrait, from a print) ; *' The Hunt 
Memorial in the Vestibule of the Manchester Reform Club" (a fine 
bronze bust, by John Cassidy, bearing the inscription, " Henry Hunt, 
who for his part in the great Reform meeting in St. Peter's Fields, 
Manchester (Peterloo), suffered two years' imprisonment ") ; and photos 
of '- Henry Hunt's Birthplace on Salisbury Plain " ; and " The Prison 
Cells in Lancaster Castle where Henry Hunt and Samuel Bamford 
were confined after Peterloo." 

Wiltshire Agriculture. The Agricultural Gazette, April 28th, 
1919, contained a number of articles and illustrations connected with 
the county :— '• A Mixed Farm," Mr. J. E. Watts, Knapps Farm, Market 
Lavington," with a photo of the house ; "A Wiltshire Bacon Factory 
on a large scale " (Messrs. C. Si T. Harris & Co., Calne), with photos of 
the Factory and of the Hanging Room ; "A Wiltshire Agricultural 
School for Boys," with portrait of Mr. F. O. Solomon, the Head Master, 
and a view of the Dauntsey Agricultural School, at Lavington ; " The 
Manurial Needs of Pastures," by " Sarum" ; *' Farming in Wiltshire," 
by Richard Stratton, with photo of a group of Hay Sweeps on the farm 
of the late Mr. Arthur Stratton, Alton Priors ; A Large Wiltshire 
Dairy Factory (Wilts United Dairies, at Trowbridge), with photo of 
" The Type of Churns used by the Company " ; " Who's Who in Wilts 
Agriculture," four pages of names and addresses, with short particulars, 
and a small photo of Salisbury Cathedral.. There are also photos of 
"Stock Bull in Major N. S. Wilson's Herd at Norton Grange, Malmes- 
bury." " Last of the Lilies, 1st prize, in herd of Mr. J. H. Smith Barry. 
Pewaey," " Bedingfield Forest King, pedigree Shire Stallion, purchased 
by Calne Co-op. Soc," "Gloucestershire Old Spots in Mr. Isaac 
Sevington's Farm, nr. Chippenham," " Farm Buildings at Capt. 
Buxton's Tockenham Manor," " ABC Plough made by Phipps & Son, 
Chippenham," " First Titan Tractor to run in this country, purchased 
by Mr. J. E. Watts." 

Salisbury, South Wilts, and Blackmore Museum 
Annual Report for 1918—19, 8vo, pp. 15. 

This fifty-second report of the Museum gives some account of the 
admirable work now being done, both in the way of reorganising the 
collections and in the delivery of very numerous lectures, both to the 
children of the schools and to adults, by Mr. F. Stevens, F.S.A., the 
Resident Curator. It is satisfactory to see that the interesting and 
important collection of Medieval Pottery which has for several years 
been precariously *' preserved " in the shed at Old Sarum has now been 



90 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

transferred to the Museum by the Dean and Chapter. It is to be 
-hoped that the carved stones from the same site may follow as soon as 
room can be found for them. The Pillory, the Fire Bell from the Old 
Guildhall, the Bull Ring, and other municipal relics have also been 
transferred to the Museum. 

Salisbury Public Library Heport on Educational 

lectures, 1919—20. Pamphlet, 8vo, pp. 8. 
, An account of the First Series of Lectures organised in connection 
with the Library— and delivered by Mr. F. Stevens, F.S.A., on the 
History of Salisbury. They were very largely attended. 

[Castle Combe ] The Society for the Protection of 
Ancient Buildings. Report on the Treatment of 
Old Cottages, by A H. Powell, together with F. 
W Troup, T.n I B A , Charles C. Winmill, and the 
Secretary. London, 1919. 

Pamphlet, 7^in. X 5in., pp. 24. This is a very valuable report 
dealing with the possibility of repairing and adapting old cottages 
'which have been condemned, to the requirements of the modern 
housing schemes. There is a great danger of many of the cottages of 
the 16th or 17th century, or even of earlier date, being wiped out of 
existence in the future on the ground that they are no longer in a jBt 
condition for habitation and that they must therefore be replaced by 
modern red brick cottages. This would mean an absolutely irreparable 
- ; loss to the beauty and interest of the country side. Such villages as 
Gastle Combe or Lacock — to take only two examples of many in 
Wiltshire— may, with the best possible intentions, be very easily en- 
tirely spoiled by the intrusion of modern cottages. In such villages 
the cottage architecture is as much a part of the history of the country 
as the architecture of the Churches themselves, and should be as 
carefully preserved. In this pamphlet Castle Combe is taken as a 
typical village for the purpose, and a number of cottages which have 
been actually condemned as unfit for habitation are dealt with one by 
ane: Their present condition is noted, and actual specifications are 
given of the way in which their repair should be carried out so as to 
preserve their ancient features intact and at the same time bring them 
up to the standard of modern sanitary requirements. It is contended 
that this, so far from being an impossibility, is really not only com- 
paratively easy, but would actually entail an expenditure greatly less 
than that of erecting new red brick cottages. The Society for the 
Protection of Ancient Buildings has never done anything better than 
the compilation of this report, which it is to be hoped may be earnestly 
studied by the authorities with whom rests the responsibility for the 
repair or the destruction of so many of the ancient cottages of Wiltshire. 
Its suggestions are absolutely reasonable and practicable. The illus- 
trations are an admirable series of photographs of Castle Combe :— 
"The Cross," " View of the Cross through Archway," " View of Village 



I 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 91 

and Church from the Hill," "The Street and Bridge," "The Base of 

- the Gross," and seven views of old cottages which have been, or are .in 

- danger of being, condemned. 

- Country Life, Oct. 11th, 1919, pp. 469, 470, had an article by 11. 
-: Randel Phillips, "Ending or Mending Old Cottages," with a view of 
: the Bridge and Street and four photos of the same "Condemned 

Cottages," urging that steps should be taken to preserve them. 

Wiltshire Farmer's Success. Mr W. J Cumber's 

Calne Stud of Shire Horses. Article m Farming, with 
illustration of a horse, reprinted in Wiltshire Advertiser, Sept. 25th, 19 1 9. 

Manton and Mr. Alec Taylor. A Great Home of 

the Thoroughbred. Article by " Philippos," in Country Life, 
Oct. 25th, 1919, pp. 525—529, with portrait of "Mr. Alec Taylor on 
Alberta," and eleven photos of notable horses trained at Manton. 

Report of Marlborough College Nat. Hist. Soc. for 
year ending Christmas, 1919. No, 68. Like all 

scientific reports this is thinner than usual. A good many notable 
botanical finds are recorded, e.g., Eaniinculus flammula var. pseudo- 
re ptans ; R. Drouettii ; Taraxacum erythrospermum; Seneciosqualidus; 
Hieracium sciaphilum ; Gentiana germanica ; Symphytum asperri- 
mum ; Orchis incarnata. Of Birds a Pied Flycatcher was noted at 
Yatesbury, and it is curious as a result of the destruction of bird life 
in the winter of 1917 that the occurrence of the Long-tailed Tit is 
specially noted. Mr. C. P. Hurst, of Great Bedwyn, contributes lists 
of Lichens and Shells that either have been or will be printed in fuller 
form in this Magazine. The usual sectional reports are given with the 
usual accuracy. 

RangebOUrne Mill. Article in Wiltshire Gazette, April 1st, 1920, 

. by Ed\yard:Kite. This water mill in the parish of Potterne preserves 

the name of an ancient manor,Hyngeburne, Ryngeresburne,Ringesborne, 

" which gave its name to a family, of whom Mr. Kite quotes mention of 
various members from John de Ryngeburn in 1261 to Richard 
Ringesborne 1329. William of Wykeham, in his will, 1403, leaves a 
bequest to " Edith Ryngebourne my cousin," the wife of William 
Ryngebourne. She was a daughter of Margery Rokle, the Bishop's 
first cousin. In 1504 William Rengeborne the elder leased his manor 

% of Rengeborne to Robert Drewe, a Devon man, who had lately become 
possessed of the manor of Southbroom. In 1582 the manor of Range - 
bourne had passed into the possession of Henry Brewyn, of Rownor, 
Hants, who conveyed it to John Drewe, of Southbroom. The Drewes 
of Southbroom became extinct about 1660, after which the descent of 
Rangebourne is not traced. It belongs now to Miss M. E wart, of 
Broadleas. 



92 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

** Early Days of Thomas Lawrence. His encouragement 

by Devizes Clergyman. First success as a portrait painter." By Ed. 
Kite. Article in Wiltshire Gazette, April 8th, 1920. In 1773 Thomas 
Lawrence and his sixteen children removed from the White Lion Inn, 
on the site of the present Grand Hotel, Bristol, and became landlord 
of the Black Bear at Devizes. His youngest son, Thomas, was born at 
Bristol, May 6th, 1769, and in his fifth year at Devizes began to draw 
likenesses of visitors to the inn, and more especially of Dr. Henry Kent, 
Vicar of Urchfont, who lived at Whistley House, Potterne. Dr. Kent 
hearing that the boy had drawn a likeness of himself on horseback 
riding across the Market Place, made enquiries at the Bear, saw the 
drawing on the wall of a bedroom, and forthwith took the small boy 
to the shop of Mr. Thomas Borrough, printer and bookseller, made 
him a handsome present of books, impressed on his father the desira- 
bility of encouraging his talent, and remained the constant friend of 
the family until the young artist had become famous. Four letters to 
him from Thomas Lawrence, Sen., dated 1790, are printed in full in 
this article. Mr. Kite also gives an account of the Kent family and 
their connection with Devizes. John Kent (1) the first resident 
in Devizes, claiming descent from Kent, of Copenhall (Ches.) in 
the 1623 Visitation, was Town (Jlerk and M.P. for Devizes, and 
rebuilt No. 16, the Market Place, on one of the gables of the front 
of which are still to be seen his initials with those of Mary, his wife, 
d. of Thomas Wyatt, of Calne, with the date 1619. He died 1630, and 
his brass is in St. John's Church. John Kent (IL), his grandson, born 
1611—12, married, 1642, Jane, d. of Sir Humphrey Lynd, Kt., of 
Cobham, her two sisters having married John Drew, of Southbroom, 
and Robert Nicholas, Recorder and M.P. for Devizes. John Kent (III.) 
b. 1647, married Eliz., d. of Sir John Knight, of Bristol, and died 1688. 
His son, John Kent (IV.), was born 1685; his widow, Elizabeth, gave plate 
to the Church of VVeyhill in 1722, the Kents then owning Blissimore 
Hall, in Weyhill. Hen. Kent, of Whistley House, Potterne, b. 1682, 
died 1759 and was buried at Potterne. His only son, Henry Kent, 
Fellow of Merton Coll., b. 1718, D.D., Vicar of Urchfont, who died 
1799, aged 81, leaving his library to the college, was the friend of the 
Lawrence family. 

Grey Wethers, a Valley in the Downs. Article in the 

I'imes, April 7th, reprinted under the title "In the Devil's Den in 
Spring," in Wiltshire Gazette, April 15th, 1920. A literary article in 
the manner of Richard Jefferies, on the Grey Wethers, the Devil's Den, 
and the "turf that is alive with fossil shells and creamy orchis," whatever 
these may be. 

Stonehenge. "Stones of the Plain. Preserving the Past for the 
Future," is the title of an article in the 7'imes, April 5th, 1930, reprinted 
in Wiltshire Gazette, April 8th, describing the work in progress at 
Stonehenge of setting upright and securing the leaning stones of the 
outer circle. The packing and cradling of the upright in big baulks of 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, anel Articles. 93 

timber, the lifting of the impost by a crane, the excavation of the base," 
the setting upright of the stone by means of jacks and winches, the 
concreting of it in position, the crowning of the tenons of the upright 
with accurately fitting caps of lead, so that they may the better fill the 
mortise holes in the impost, and finally the replacing of the impost 
M o a 'tV ^'^ described. Then the extraordinary discovery by 
. "a u , '^^^^' ^" *^^ strength of hints given by a sketch map 
ot Aubreys made in 1666, of a continuous series of holes just inside 
the earth circle, containing remnants of cremations and animal bones 
IS shortly described. Are these holes the sites of previously existing 
stones, of which the sole remnant is the "Slaughter stone" now 
prostrate, which formed a circle, as at Avebury, just inside the ditch 
and bank/ And is the present Stonehenge a reconstruction of that 
earlier monument? The article was reprinted in Wiltshire Gazette 
April 8th, 1920, with an editorial note, recalling the fact that the 
two sarsen stones shown to the N.W. and S.E., just inside the bank 
in Long s plan also fit into the circle whose existence is now assumed' 
in which case their importance as evidence of the astronomical inten- 
tion of the whole structure is lost. 

'Safeguarding Stonehenge." "How the great circle onSalisbury 
riain, the date of which by astronomical means is determined as 1680 

^f'^h.'offlT. f'w f ^^T^^^ fr"? farther collapse by the operations 
of the Office of Works. Specially described by Frank Stevens, F S A " 
The Sphere, Feb 7th, 1920. One page of description of the work with 
two photos: "At work on the Great Outer Circle of Stonehenge" 
The Operations at Stonehenge seen from behind ' The Horseshoe ' of 
Trilithons, ' and diagram of " The position of the unstable stones." 

jUohard Jefiferies and the Unknown God By the Hon 

Gilbert Coleridge. Nineteenth Century, March, 1920, pp 492-498 
His confession of faith is of lasting value, not indeed because of his 
conclusions, but because of the singular beauty of his conceptions." 

he Modernity of Stonehenge, by A. Hadrian 

Allcroft. Article in Nineteenth Century, April, 1920, pp 678-696 
This is a paper by an archaeological heretic who, like all heretics^ 
calls his orthodox predecessors " Obscurantists." Why make a mystery 
of Stonehenge ? it s perfectly clear what it was. and what all the stone 
circles were. Does nt Homer speak in the Odyssey of the circular Agora 
of the Phoeacians? And doesn't he expressly say that it comprised 
dressed stones on which the notables sat, and undressed stones behind 
them { And in the centre was a " goodly Posideum." What was this ? 
It couldn t have been a building of any kind, therefore it must have 
been either an a tar or a " bothros," i.e., a pit. And the Agora had 
evidently no wall or ditch round it, for heralds kept the crowd away 
from it. Now there are in Aberdeenshire 61 stone circles with a pit 
in the centre (a symbol only of a burial) and no vallum round them 
These are obviously identical with the Agora of the Phceacians They 



9i Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

were in fact moots. They were circular because the circle is the Celtic 
symbol of sanctity, originating in the circular barrow. And the Homeric 
Greeks were Brythonic Celts, as were the Brythons, who invaded 
Britain 500 to 400 B.C. Stone circles moreover are found in Brythonic 
districts,, and are therefore for the most part of the Brythonic or Iron 
Age. Some of the circles became specialised religious moots, and these 
came to be protected by a ditch. Some indeed of the circles may have 
been of sepulchral origin and earlier than the Iron Age— possibly ; but 
Stonehenge is obviously one of the latest of the series. The impost of 
the trilithons is derived from the Greek architrave. It is clearly a 
work of the Belgae not long before the Roman Era. Can any reasonable 
person believe that in our climate stones like those of Stonehenge or 
other circles, with their bases buried only 3 or 4 feet in the ground can 
have stood upright for 3500 years 1 or could have resisted the dis- 
integrating effects of the weather if they had ? Obviously not. 
Therefore it is common sense to suppose that Stonehenge, as we know 
it now, was reconstructed by the" Belgse, no doubt on the site of an 
older circle. As for the evidence of the chips of the worked stones in 
the barrows, who knows what the age of a round barrow may be 1 
Pottery of Bronze Age 1 Bronze implements ? Why both urns and 
implements were of traditional types made specially for funerary 
purposes, and may have belonged to almost any age. Wasn't a round 
barrow at Morvah Hill with a circle of stones round it found to contain 
an " archaic urn " and three silver coins of Antoninus f And isn't that 
enough to show that the whole system of dating barrows, &c., by the 
types of pottery and other objects found therein laboriously built up 
by modern archaeologists, is merely a "fond thing vainly invented "by ■ 
these Obscurantists ? Away with it ! 

This is a not unfair resume of Mr, Ail croft's method of argument. 
It is wholly destructive. He sees the weak points, and the incomioleteness 
of the evidence on which the orthodox view of the Early Bronze* Age 
date of the circles is founded, and he breezily assumes that Sir Norman 
Lockyer's fanciful calculations and the evidence of excavations are 
equally worthless, and proceeds to found his own theory on the ' 
*' common sense " which he regards as the one thing needful. It does 
not seem to occur to him that there are points where his common sense 
seems to have failed him. Where, he asks, is a Church now standing 
which has stood without repair for 1300 years 1 Well, the walls of the 
Saxon Church at Bradford-on-Avon have stood for nearly 1000 years 
without rebuilding— and a Church is not a monolith. When a sarsen 
stone" has stood in position admittedly for 1900 years, without its 
surface being even appreciably weathered during that period, as is the 
case with many at least of the stones kt Stonehenge, still standing, 
common sense would seem to suggest that there is nothing absurd in 
supposing that it may have stood equally well for double that age. 
There are, it is true, sarsens and sarsens, but a good sound one presents 
about as indestructible a material as exists in the world. Many people 
willnot be inclined to quarrel with Mr. Allcroft for the contempt which 



Wiltshire Books, Pampldets, and Articles. 95 

lie pours on the astronomical fancies of Sir Norman Lockyer • but 
when he extends that contempt to the whole system of scientific 
archaeology, as founded on excavation and the comparative study of 
pottery and other remains, it is a different matter altogether • even 
though m common honesty it must be admitted that the evidence 
provided by excavations both at Avebury and Stonehenge does as yet 
tall considerably short of being absolutely convincing as to the Lq 
of these monuments. ' 

Saving Stonehenge for Posterity. A short article inCountry 

Life, April 17th, 1920, describing the extreme ckre with which the work 
of securing the stones is being carried out. It is mentioned that some 
of the stones used for packing the ba^e of the standing stones are of 
Hurdcot Greensand, and the line of holes containing remains of cre- 
mation just mside the earth circle are noticed. There are four sood 
M-?T- T ',^;^^Pfri"g t^ L^ft the Lintel Stone," "The Lintel Stone in 
Mid-Air, Looking from the Altar Stone at the Hele Stone" ''A 
General View looking North-East." ' 

IKand List of the Birds of the District, Marlborough 
and Ten Miles Round. 1919. Pamphlet, svo pp le 

Price 6d. Pub. by Marlborough Coll. Nat. Hist. Society. This very 

Tm IK N^^'u- ""^i^ '^^'^ ^^^^' ^"^ ^^'^ g^i^^^^^ of members of 
the Marlb Nat. Hist. Soc. all birds known to have occurred within ten 
miles of Marlborough. Out of a total of 239 for all Wiltshire the 
Marlborough neighbourhood can claim 172 species. The Siskin v^^hich 
has occurred both at Clyffe Pypard and Blacklands, is not mentioned. 

aand List of Flowering Plants of the Bistrict Marl 
borough and Ten Miles Round, Py the Rev T. w 

Hart Smith-Pearce, O.M., 1919. 

Pamphlet 8vo, pp. 32. Price U. ,Pub. by Marlb. Coll. Nat. Hist 

faniw "i, !i"''' '"^^^^T '^ ^^' ^^"^ ^'''^ (^^^ l^«t^^« published in 
1907) follows the nomenclature of the London Catalogue, 10th edition 
and records many sub species and varieties not before noted, and much 
attention has been paid to hybrids. Thirteen species of Salix are 
noted and seven of Hieracium. A very careful and valuable list of 792 
plants. 

»relude, a Novel, by Beverley Nichols. London 
Chatto & Windus [1920] 

Cloth, 7fin X 4|in., pp. xl, 293. This book, the author tells us, was 
written immediately after he left " Martinsell," and was obviously 
written more or less as a counterblast to Alec Waugh's " Loom of Youth" 
and other like books in which the Public School of to-day is depicted 
as a mere nest of bestial brutality. "Martinsell" is of course Marl- 
borough. The school, the town, the forest are all unmistakably de- 
scribed. The author, however, expressly denies that any of the 



96 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

characters in the book are meant to depict living persons. The domi- 
nant idea of the book is that a boy gets out of a public school very 
much what he brings to it. If he brings brains he will find the means 
of cultivating them ; if he does not, he is satisfied with games. Paul, 
the hero of the story, an unconventional boy who has never been to 
school before, spends a first term of utter misery at •' Martinsell," and 
ends by writing from the front " When all's said and done, it's 
Martinsell, Martinsell, Martinsell that I long for, Martinsell that 
somehow — I don't know how— has given me strength and power, and 
has made me love. I don't know whether its system be right or w^rong, 
but it is Martinsell that has made me come out here and fight, and has 
guided me right allalong." 

Reviewed, Times Lit. Su2:>p., Feb. 19th, 1920. 

The Wiltshire Regiment's Marching Song. An 

interesting correspondence as to the origin both of the words and of 
the music of the song, "The Vly be on the Turmuts " is printed in 
The Wiltshire Telegraph, May 22nd, 1920. Two versions of the song 
are given, one from " Roger Plowman's Exoursion to London,'^ pub. at 
Cirencester ; the other " Newly arranged by permission from the 
authenticated melody by H. Millington, late Bandmaster of the Ist 
Wilts Rifle Volunteers and Western Counties Brigade." Mr. Reuben 
George maintains that it is a Gloucestershire song. Mr. Edward Slow 
states that in 18*71 he sent a copy to Captain the Earl of Pembroke, 
through whom the War Office adopted it as the Marching Song of the 
Wiltshire Regiment. But as to the origin of either song or tune 
nobody seems to be able to get further back than this. 

Shepherd's Shore and Bagdo wn Hill . A number of letters in 

Wiltshire Telegraph, noticed in Wiltshire Gazette, April 8th, 1920, 
followed by others in the issues of April 15th and 28th, discussed the 
derivation of " Shepherd's Shore " as it is now, and as it appears in 
Andrew and Dury's map of 1773, or " Shepherds Shard " as it appears 
in Gary's map of 1793. Mr. R. S. Gundry and Captain Cunnington 
rightly point out that " Shore " or " Shard " is simply the gap in Wans 
Dyke through which the road passes, and the latter instances " Red 
Shore," the corresponding gap in the dyke through which the Marl- 
borough to Alton Road passes. Mr. E. Coward points out that, 
" Bagdown Hill" is probably a corruption of Beacon Down Hill, but 
that there are two " Beacon Hills," about a mile apart shown on the 
Rev. A. C. Smith's Map of a Hundred Square Miles Round Avebury, 
whereas the hill marked " Bagdon " on that map, overlooking Bishops 
Cannings, has always been called " Haydon " locally. On April 28th 
Mr. R. S. Gundry writes citing three highway acts and summing up 
their evidence, concludes that " Bagdown " is Beacon Down Hill, " be- 
tween the encampment and Heddington," and that " Horsley Upright 
Gate" (as Mr. Talbot pointed out in Wilts N. & Q.) indicates the top 
of Bowden Hill. Mr. E. Coward returns to the charge in the issue of 
May 13th, arguing that Haydon or (? Baydon) Hill is that overlooking 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 97 

Bishops Cannings {i.e., that called " Bagdon " in Smith's map), on the 
strength of entries in an old diary kept by William Gaby, of Netherstreet, 
dating back to 1656, mentioning the hauling of stones thence. There 
is a bed of particularly hard chalk rubble on this hill. 

Salisbury Cathedral. 1220—1920. An Archi- 
tectural Triumph. Good article in Daily Telegraph.AipTil 28th, 

1920, with two views of the Cathedral. Salisbury Cathedral, 

1220 — 1920. Article from the Architectural standpoint, by H. 
I Heathcote Statham, in the Observer, reprinted in Wiltshire Times, 
' May 8th, 1920. 

Phe Early History of Salisbury. A series of lectures by 

Mr. F. Stevens, F.S.A., during the winter 1919—20, was reported at 
considerable length in The Salisbury Journal. The issue of Nov. 
22nd, 191 9, contains an abstract of a lecture on Stonehenge. He suggests 
that the sarsens were floated on rafts supported by inflated skins down 
the Avon, and that one came to grief and fell into the river at Bulford, 
where it remains to this day. " Salisbury in the Bronze Age " (Dec. 
13th) describes the contents of the barrows, and the succeeding culture 
of the Late Celtic people of the Highfield pits, on the site of the present 
Fisherton Waterworks. In that on "Old Sarum" (January 31st) he 
attributes the outer ditch with certainty to Alfred in his struggle with 
the Danes, and regards The Moot at Downton as the finest example of 
a Saxon meeting place in England. Two lectures on " Old Sarum and 
the Norman Occupation," with the accounts of Bishops Osmund and 
• Roger, &c,, are reported Feb. 2 1st, and March I3th, 1920. 

alisbury Cathedral Copy of Magna Charta. Chan 

cellor Wordsworth gave two lectures on this document, which are re- 
ported in the Salisbury Journal of Feb. 14th and 21st, 1920. He 
mentioned incidentally that the Upper Treasury of the Cathedral 
above the Canons' Vestry, with its massive iron-bound chest, perhaps as 

I old as the building, was the repository for all records and evidences of 
of the Chapter. The Dean and others who had "Peculiar" jurisdic- 
tion had a separate repository over the great north door of the Cath- 
edral, whilst the muniments relating to the Bishop's jurisdiction and 
official estates were formerly kept in the Beauchamp Tower at the 
Palace, and are now placed partly in a strong room at the Diocesan 
Registry in Bishop's Walk, and partly in the Exeter Street gateway 
building. As regards the copy of Magna Charta now preserved in the 
Cathedral LibraFy he concludes that it was a contemporary copy made 
specially for the Cathedral, as was that still preserved at Lincoln Cath- 
edral. The other two known copies are in the British Museum. 
It was certainly not the copy mentioned by Bishop Burnet in his 
" History of his own Time," as then in his possession. This copy was 
in the possession of his son, Sir Thomas Burnet, and of his executor, 
and his executor's daughter sold it in or before 1769 to Philip, 2nd 

)L. XLI. — NO. CXXXII. H 



98 Additions to the Museum and Library. 

Earl of Stanhope. It was obtained by Bp. Burnet from Archbishop 
Laud's cabinet at Lambeth. 

Salisbury Cathedral Commemoratiou. Nov. 4th, 1920. 

Sermon by Canon G. C. Hutchings, Vicar of Beaminster. Printed in 
full in Salisbury and Winchester Journal, Nov. 8th, 1919. 

A Wiltshire Water Meadow in May." By George 

Southcote (Major-Gen. Sir Geo. Aston, K.O. B.). A fisherman's article 
on a chalk stream in the Salisbury neighbourhood. Country Life, 
May 15th, 1920. pp. 651—2. 



(( 



J 



ADDITIONS TO THE MUSEUM AND LIBEAKY. 
Museum. 

Presented by Col. Heneage : Animal bones found at Cherhill. 

„ „ Mr. W. G. Collins : Fine Fint Arrowhead with long barbs 

from Conkwell, and leaf-shaped ditto from Westwood. 

„ „ Mr. W. J. Hemp : Portion of Red Deer Antler, possibly a 

pick, from Wilsford, S. Wilts, Barrow 9. 

„ „ Mr. J. C. MouLTON : A number of Fossils from the Bradford 

Clay and Oolite, Bradford-on-Avon. 

„ „ Capt. Cunnington : A Cross-bow found in a barn at Beck- 

hampton. A small square leaden Seal with merchant's 
mark, iVth century, dug up in the garden of No. 33, Long 
Street, Devizes. An Iron Cannon Ball found in the found- 
ations of No. 50, Long Street, Devizes. Two Iron Cannon 
Balls found in St. James' Churchyard, Devizes. A 17th 
Century Token bought in London, of High worth ? Box 
Wood Quadrant, inscribed " William Holloway Liv. in All 
Cannings anno Dom 1709." A large collection of scrapers^ 
knives and other finely worked flints from Shepherd's Shoref 
&c. 

„ „ Col Sir Audley Neeld, Bart. : A number of English I 

Silver Coins found at Grittleton. ! 

Library. 

Presented by The Curator : Report of Salisbury, South Wilts, anc 
Blackmore Museum, 1918—19. 
„ „ Somerset Arch^olooical Society : Wiltshire Deed. 

„ „ The Author : Mr. A. Sohomberg : " Griffin Curteis," re 

print from Misc. Geneal. et Herald. 



Additions to the Museum and Library. 



99 



Presented by The Author : Mrs. M. E. Cunnington : Notes on Stone 
Mould from South Wales. Man, 1920. 

Capt. B. H. Cunnington and the Rev. E. H. Qoddard : 
Britton's " Salisbury Cathedral," with extra plates and 
original MS. preface. 

Capt. B. H. Cunnington : 50 Wiltshire Prints and Maps. 
A number of Old Devizes Deeds. 

Mrs. Cunnington : Index Map to Ordnance Survey of 
Wilts. 

The Author, Canon E. P. Knubley : " The Record of the 
Parish of Steeple Ashton in relation to the Great War." 

Mr. J. J. Slade : 21 Wilts Sale Catalogues. Two Wilts 
Prints. Old Wiltshire Deed. " How it is done," a Patriotic 
Play by J. Ijee Osborn. " Pictures in the Fire and other 
Soldier Ballads," by M. K. Dowding. " Verses to the 
Fallen, Inscriptions for Cenotaphs," by T. G. W. Henslow. 
A number of Wiltshire Pamphlets, " Olympian Odes of 
Pindar," by Cyril Mayne. " County Courts," by Whit- 
marsh. Marlborough Coll. Calendar, 1850. 

Mr. H. W, Dartnell: "Some account of John Rose, of 
Amesbury." " Lectures on the Catechism," and " Explana- 
tions of the Duties of Religion," by W. Gilpin. " The 
Castle Children," by Mrs. Stephen Batson. Three Wilts 
Pamphlets. 

Miss Dartnell : 6 old Wilts Prints. 

The Author, Mrs. Richardson : " The Story of Purton." 
1919. 

The Author, Mr. T. Sturge Cotterell : Historic Map of 
Bath. 

Mr. E. C. Gardner : Several scarce Wilts Pamphlets. 
Marshall's Rural Economy, 4 vols., and other volumes. Two 
Prints of Salisbury Exhibition. 

Canon F. H. Manley : Wiltshire Pamphlet. MS. on Arms 
of Wiltshire, by Canon Jackson. *' The History of Michael 
Kemp," by Mrs. Woodrooffe. 

Mr. H. Bizley : Old Deed. 

The Ministry of Agriculture, through Mr. A. White- 
head : A large number of Old Deeds connected with 
Berwick St. James, &c. 

Mrs. Mc Millan : A parcel of Notes, Newspaper Cuttings, 
Letters, &c., by and concerning John Britton, from Canon 
Jackson's library. 

Mr. a. Whitehead : A parcel of 18th cent. Deeds relating 
to Meeting House at Salisbury. 

Miss Reynolds : " The Theatre of the Empire of Great 
Britain," by John Speed. 1676. 

H 2 



100 Additions to the Museum and Library. 

Presented by Mr. A. W. Marks : 10 Wilts Deeds, Highworth, &c. 

„ „ The Author, Miss F. E. Baker (of Salisbury) : " The 

Standardisation of Colours." " Address on the Beauty and 

Usefulness of Colour." 1920. 
„ „ The Publishers : " Devizes Castle, its History and 

Romance," by E. H. Stone. 
„ „ Mr. A. D. Passmore : " Then and Now, or Fifty Years Ago, 

by William Mate." 1883. 
„ „ Mr. Guy Peirson : *' Handlist of Flowering Plants of the 

District. Marlborough and Ten Miles Round. By Rev. T. 

N. Hart Smith-Pearse, O.M." 1919. "Handlist of the 

Birds of the District," by L. G. Peirson. 1919. 



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2 8 OCT 



H. Woodward, Printer and Publisher, Exchange Buildings, Station Road, Devizes. 



THE SOCIETY'S PUBLICATIONS (Continued). 

STONEHENGE AND ITS BAREOWS, by W. Long, Nos. 46-47 of the 
Magazine in separate wrapper, 7s. 6d. This still remains the best and most 
reliable account of Stonehenge and its Earthworks. 

WILTSHIRE -The TOPOGRAPHICAL COLLECTIONS OF JOHN 
AUBREY, F.R.S., A.D. 1659-1670. Corrected and enlarged by the Rev, 
Canon J. E. Jackson, M.A., F.S.A. 4to, Cloth, pp. 491, with 46 plates. 
Price £2 10s. 

WILTSHIRE INQUISITIONES POST MORTEM. CHARLES I 8vo 
pp. vii. + 501. 1901. With full index. In 8 parts, as issued. Price 18s. ' 

DITTO. IN THE REIGNS OF HEN. IIL, ED. L, and ED. K. 8vo, 
pp. XV., 505. In parts as issued. Price 18s. 

DITTO. FROM THE REIGN OF ED. IIL 8vo., ,.p. 402 In six 
parts as issued. Price I3s. 

A BIBLIOGRAPHY of the GREAT STONE MONUMENTS of 
WIt/rSHIRE, STONEHENGE and AVEBURY, with other references, 
by W. Jerome Harrison, F.G.S., pp. 169, with 4 illustrations. No. 89,Dec , 
1901 of the Magazine. Price 5s. 6d. Contains particulars as to 947 books' 
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WILTSHIRE 
Archaeological & Natural History 

MAGAZINE. 



No. CXXXIIL DECEMBER, 1920, Vol. XLI. 



Conknrs. 



PAGE, 



The Chuech Survey in Wilts, 1649 — 50: [Par]iamentary 
Surveys (Lambeth) Vol. XIV., &c.] Communicated by the 
Ven. Archdeacon E J. Bodington (concluded) 105 — 128 

Notes ON THE Rural Deaneries of Marlborough and Crick- 
lade, 1812: Communicated by the Rev. G. F. Tanner ...... 129 — 136 

East Wiltshire Mollusca : By Cecil P. Hurst, Member of the 

Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland 137 — 150 

The Excavation of a Late-Roman Well at Cunetio(Mil- 

denhall). By J. W, Brooke, F.S.A., Scot., F.R.N. S... 151—152 

Notes on the Pottery From a Well on the Site of 

" CUNETIO" [MiLDENH all], NEAR xM ARLBOROUGH ! By MrS. 

M. E. Cunnington 153—159 

The Sixty-Seventh General Meeting op the Wiltshire 
Archjsological and Natural History Society, held 
AT Devizes in conjunction with the Royal Arch^o- 

LOGiCAL Institute, July 20th to 24th, 1920 160—171 

Notes 171 — 194 

Wilts Obituary ,,.. 194—196 

Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles 197—213 

Wiltshire Portraits .^ 214—215 

Gifts to the Museum and Library 215—216 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Plates I. — IV., Pottery from a Well on the Romano- 
British Site at Mildenhall (" Cunetio ") 156 



Devizes: — C. H. Woodward, Exchange Buildings, Station Road., 



THE 

WILTSHIRE MAGAZINE 



MULTORUM MANIBUS GRANDE LEVATUR ONUS." — Orid. 



No. CXXXIII. December, 1920. Vol. XLI. 



THE CHUEGH SURVEY IN V^ILTS, 1649—50. 
[Parliamentary Surveys (Lambeth), Vol. XV., &c.] 

Communicated by the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington, 
{Concluded from Vol. xl., p. 416.) 

MERE HUNDRED. 

Wilts.' Rectorie de Meere. A Survey of the Rectorie or Impropriate 
parsonage and mannor of Mere In Com. Wilts with all the rights members 
and appurtenances thereof late parcell of the possessions or late belonging 
to the late. Deane of the Cathedrall Church of the Virgin Mary of Sarum 
in Com. Wilts aforesayd made and taken in the moneth of January 1649 
By vertue of a commission to vs grainted (&c., as hefore). 

One parcel of meadowcalled Tythe Acres lyeing dispersedly in a certayne 
meadow called Lords Meade alias West Meade in a common Meadow in 
Meere aforesayd enioyed and taken in Liew of Tyth hey conteyning by 
estimacion 7 acres 03'*. 10*. CO^. 

There is belonging to the sayd parsonage or rectory the Tyth of all the 
corne and grayne groweing within the sayd parrish worth per annum 
190'^ 00^ 00^ 

There is alsoe belonging to the sayd parsonage the Tyth of Hey of all 
the common meades within the said parrish jn Leiw whereof there is 
allotted vnto the sayd Parsonage seaven acres of meadow in a meadow 
called Lords Meade mencioned and Valued before amoungest the Gleabe 
lands. 

There is alsoe due and payeable by the Inhabitants of the Parrish of Meere 
to the parrsonage of the sayd parrish in respect of their inclosed grounds 
vpon the first of August yearely for certayne Tythes called Lammas Tythes 
the summe of 09'*. OP. 00^. 

Other Tyth Hey in meane meade Hurdles H erne Southbrooke and Whatley 
and of other small parcells within the sayd parrish and one acre of meadowe 
belonginge to the Parsonage 05^'. 00'. 00"*. 

' Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 319 — 324. 
VOL, XLI. — NO. CXXXIIL I 



106 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

The Tythe wood groweingdue and payeable to the sayd parsonage yearely 
in communibus annis worth 01^'. 00'. 00*^. 

All which premisses amoungest other things (that is to say) all that 
parsonage of Meere with all manner of Tythes oblacions obvencions emolu- 
mentes gleabelands rents revercions, hereditaments and annuityes issues 
profittts commodityes and advantages and all lands tenements meadowes 
leasures pastures woods commons waters 'rents revercions and services as 
well of all the customary Tennants as of the Tennants being ffree-holders 
in Meere af oresayde »and in the parrish of Kingston Deverell or in any of 
them with their appurtenances to the sayd parsonage of Meere or to the 
Deane of the cathedra] 1 Church of Sarum by Reason of the same parsonage 
belonging or in any wise appertayneing were by indenture dated the 29th 
of December IP of Elizabeth demised by William Bradbridge ClaTke Deane 
of the cathedrall Church of the Virgin Mary of New Sarum in the County 
of Wilts and parsonage ^ of the parrish church of Meere in the same county 
vnto Thomas Chaffin the elder of Seales in the county aforesaid Gentleman. 
Habendum the premisses to the saide Thomas Chafin and his assignees from 
the feast of St. John Baptist which shall next and ymediately ensue after 
the determination surrender forfeiture of a former lease grainted of the 
premisses by Richard Pace Clarke, then Deane of the sayde cathedrall 
Church and parson of the parrish Church of Meere af oresayde dated the 8th 
of May 24 Henrici octavi for the terme of sixty yeares from the Feast of 
St. John Baptist next ensueingthe date for the terme of foure score yeares 
and alsoe all that tenement or cottage sett lyeng and being in a streete caled 
Waterstreete within the parrish of Meere aforesaid togeather with all and 
singular the appurtenances to the sayde Tenement or cottage belonging, 
which tenement or cottage with the appurtenances the sayde Thomas Chaffin 
did then hold and occupy by force of a coppy of courtroU beareing date the 
eighteenth Martii nono Henrici octavi by John Longland then Deane of 
the sayde Cathedrall Church vntoLeonard Chafin deceased vnto the aforesaid 
Thomas and to the same Thomas for the lives of the sayde Leonard and 
Thomas and the longest liver of them for the Terme of 
Redditus xlvj'\ Eighty yeares after the death forfeiture or surrender of 
the aforesayde Terme by Coppy. Yeilding and payeing 
for the sayde parsonage and Tenement dureing the sayde Terme fortye six 
poundes payable at the Feastes of the birth of our Lord God and St. John 
the Baptist by even portions. But are worth upon improvement over and 
above the said rent per annum 262'^ 08^ 00<^. 

Apporcioned viz*. To the Lands 15'\ 08^ 00-^. To the Tythes 30^'. 12^^ 00''. 
Totall 46'\ 00^ 00^. 

The renewing of the coppyhold estates is in the Common wealth. Will. 
Webb. 1650, November 29th. 

The Lessor doth covenant to repaire the Mansion place of the parsonage 
and all other the premisses in Tymber worke stone and Tyle (the Hall of 
sayde mansion howse called the Deanes Hall only excepted). The Lessee 
doth covenant to repaire the premisses in all other reparacions. If the rent 
be behinde by the space of one quarter of a yeare, being lawfully asked and 

^ Sic.^ *• parson" meant. 



Communicated by the Fen. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington, 107 

noe sufficient distresse to be had, then a Reentry. The Lessee nor his 
assignees are not to lett sett expell or meddle with any part or parcel! of 
any coppyhold landes, then being holden by Coppy of the sayde Deane (at 
the sealeing of the sayde Indenture) belonging to the sayde parsonage, the 
aforesayde Tenement or Cottage only excepted, except it be for the levyeing, 
and takeing of the yeerely rent of the sayde Coppyhold lands. A Generall 
VVarrantises {sic) made by the Lessor to the Lessee for the enioye of the 
terme. There remayneth of -the sayde Terme vnexpired at Midsomer 1649 
three and Twenty yeares. The remaynder of the sayde Terme is in Richard 
Maior of Hurstley in the county of South : Esquire. 

The Presentation or right of Patronage to the Vicarage of Meere did 
belonge to the late^Deane of Sarum but now to the Lessee by virtue of his 
lease. The Viccarage there is worth per annum 60'\ The present Incumbent 
there is William Bayly clarke. 

An Abstract of the present l^ents, future Improvements and all other 
profitts of the Rectory and mannour of Meere: — 

The Reserved Rent upon the Demise and Graunt payeable by the Lessee 
of the sayd Rectory and mannour now to the State is per annum 46^'. 00'. 00"^. 
The Rent of Assize or the Rents of the coppyhold Tenants of the sayde 
Mannour is per annum 02". 03^ OS'*. The Improvement of the sayde 
Rectory and Gleabe lands over and above the yeerely Rent Reserved is per 
annum 262". 08'. GO'*. The Improvement of the Coppyhold Lands over and 
above the yeerely Rent of Assize reserued is per annum 030^ 06'. 08*^. 
The Improved value of a little Tenement before mencioned held by lease 
graunted to William Foster vnder the yearely Rent of Twelve pence over 
and the sayde Rent is per annum 002". 00^ 00"^. Walt. Foy Jo. Squibb 
Chr. Weare Geo: Fairley Surveyours. Ex. per Will: Webb Supervisor 
Generall. Ex'. Ra: Hall Regist. Dept. [From endorsement. Recept. 4 
Febr. 1649.] 

POTTERNE HUNDEED. 

Wilts. ^ Canning Rectory. A Survey of the Rectory and Impropriate 
Parsonage and Mannour of Cannings Canonicorum in Com. Wilts with the 
rights members and appurtenances thereof parcell-of the lands and pos- 
sessions lately belonging to the Dean and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church 
of the Virgin Mary of Sarum in Com. Wilts predicta for the tyme being 
made and taken by us whose names are herevnto subscribed in ye monethes 
of June and July 1649 by virtue of a Commission to vs granted (&c , as 
before). 

The Tythes of the Tythings of Cannings Boreton and Easton Horton and 
Coate, ariseing and groweing due to the Prebendary or Farmer of. the 
Rectory aforesaid for the corne and graine of all sorts wooll, lambe and 
Hey, besides what is due to the sayde Viccar are worth per annum 
421". 00^ 00<*. 

The Tythe of the Tythings of Week and Nursteed within the said parrish 
of Cannings ariseing and groweing due to the Prebendary or Farmer of the 

* Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 256 — 261. 

I 2 



108 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

Rectory aforesayd, for corne and grayne of all sorts Wool lambe and Hey» 
besides what is due to the sayde viccar are worth per annum 90^ 00*. 00^ 

The Tythe of the Ty things of Rowndway and Bed borough within the 
sayde Parish of Cannings ariseing and groweing due to the Prebendary or 
Farmer of the Rectory aforesayde for corne and. grayne of all sorts, wool 
lamb and Hey besides what is due to the sayd vicar are worth per annum 78^', 

The Advowson right of Patronage or presentacion to the Viccaridge of 
Cannings belongeth to the Lord of the said Mannor, who was late the 
Deane and chapter of Sarum or their Farmer. The Viccaridge there is 
worth per annum 60^*. The present Incumbent there is Mr. Ferrebee. The 
sayd Rectory or Parsonage Mannor and premisses wee find is now held and 
enjoyed by divers and sundry persons who pretend an interest therevnto by 
vertue of severall grants made vnto them Derived and claymedby and from 
a Demise heretofore supposed to be made from the Deane and Chapter of 
of Sarum for a certayne number of yeeres determinable on the lives of 
Richard Doughty, Samuel Doughty, and John Doughty. Wee find likewise 
by the presentment of the Jury That Samuell Doughty and John Doughty 
are dead. And that Hichard Doughty for divers yeares since is gone beyond 
the Seas who is reported and beleeved to be longe since drowned betweene 
Smerna and Alexandria. 

And that notwithstanding the premisses one Mr, ^ Allworth a 

member of the House of Commons, holdeth and enjoyeth the premisses 
pretending interest therevnto and deriveing it from the sayde Richard 
Doughty as an Assignee or Trustee for him, but produceth nothing to vs 
to manifest any interest therein. All be it sufficient warning hath been 
given to his Tennants, who enjoy and occupy the premisses and by them 
to him as they aflirme. 

By order from the Committee of Obstructions dated the Twentyeth of 
March instant I am appoynted to amend this Survey according to the 
vote of the sayd Committee made vpon consideracion of the petition of 
Pichard Aldworth, Esq', and of what hath been oflfered there in by the 
Trustees and their Councell, which vote is as followeth, viz'. 

Resolved. That it appeares vnto this Committee by a verdict given vpon 
direction of the Comittee of Lords and Commons for a Tryall at Law 
touching Mr. Aldworthes interest in the Mannor and Parsonage of Cannings 
that Richard Doughty was the One and Thirtyeth of August 1648 liveing 
And that it appeares not to this Committee by any evidence offered that 
the sayd Ivichard Doughty is since dead and therevpon ordered That 
Collonell William Webb Surveyor Generall for Deanes and Chapters lands 
doe amend the Survey retourned of the mannor and parsonage of Cannings 
as to tRe premisses accordingly. Tho. Lister Jo. Corbett Ben. Valentyne 
Edw. Prideaux. Jo Jones. In obeydeence there vnto I doe herebyamend 
the same accordingly by inserting the sayde order. 23° Marcii 1649. W"". 
Webb 1649. 

By a second Order from the foresayde Committee dated the 29'^ of March 
1649 (reciteing their former Order before mencioned) It is therevpon 
further ordered, That Collonell William Webb Surveyo'' Generall for 

1 Blank in MS. 



Communicated hy tlie Ven. Archdeacon E, J. Bodington. 109 

Deanes and Chapters lands doe amend the survey of this mannor and 
parsonage as to an Estate in the sayde M"". Aldworth in and to the sayde 
mannor and parsonage dureing one life in being in the same. 

In relation to which order I doe accordingly amend this Survey and doe 
herein insert ; That by the sayde Order the foresayd M^ Aldworth hath an 
estate in the sayde mannor and parsonage dureing one life in being in the 
same. March 30th 1650. W'". Webb. 1650. 

An Abstract of the present llents future improvements and all other 
profiitts of the foresayde Rectory and Mannor of Cannings Canonicorum. 

The Kents of the Coppyholders for lives and Uoyaltyes are per annum 
03^*. 06^ 04. ^ 

The Demesne or Gleabe lands are per annum 47^^ 13'. 04*^. 

The Tythes per annum 589". 00\ 00'^. 

Summe Totall of the present proffittes are per annum 639". 19'. 08*^^. 

The Improvements of the Copyholds for lives per annum 41''. 10^ 00**. 

Summe Totall of future improvements per annum 68 P'. 09^. 08<*. 

I can make noe apportionment for there is noe Lease certified. W. W. 

By order from the Committee of Parliament for removeing obstruccions 
in the sale of Deanes and Chapters lands Dated the 23rd of November 1650. 
A lease made the Twelveth of January the fifth of Caroli. And the Interest 
in and to this Mannor and Rectory or Parsonadge dureing the life of Richard 
Doughty (at the yeerely rent of one hundred and two pounds thirtene 
pence and a halfepenny) is allowed of. And Mr. Aldworth is admitted to 
contract for the Mannor and Gleabe therein, in Tennant right. The hundred 
and two pounds thirtene pence halfe penny is thus apporcioned viz'. To be 
sold with the lands 13". 17^ 0^^. To remayne vpon the Tythes 88". 04^ 00*^. 
In toto 102". Oil <d^^. W"\ Webb 1650. Walt. Foy Jo: Squibb Chr. Weare 
Geo. Fairely Surveyors Ex^ Ra: Hall. Regist. Dept. 



RAMSBURY HUNDRED. 

Wilts.' Kectoria de Bishopston. A Survey of the Prebend Im- 
propriate Parsonage Rectory and mannor of Bishopston with the rights 
members and appurtenances thereof lying and being in the parrish of 
Bishopston in the County of Wilts late parcel of the possessions or late 
belonging to one of the late prebends of the Cathedrall Church of Sarum in 
Com. Wilts, made and taken by vs whose names are herevnto subscribed 
in the moneth of Decembe-r 1649, ]5y vertue of a Commission to vs graunted 
(ifec, as before). 

There belongeth to the parsonage of Bishopston the Tyth of all corne 
and graine hey wool and lamb growen in the saide parrish (except the Tyth 
ariseing of nyne yard landes in the Tenure of the coppyhold Tennants 
holding of the Rectory which is payde to the Vicar) with ^ tyth payable to 
the Rectory aforesayd is worth per annum 140'*. The advowson right of 

^ Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 232 — 237. 
2 ^i^ « ^vith " 1 error for " Which." 



110 ' The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

Patronage or presentacion to the Viccarage of Bishopston aforesayd be- 
longeth to the State, The Viccarage there is worth per annum 30^^. The 
present Incumbent there is Mr. Francis Crosse. 

Wee finde that the aforesayde Rectorie and 

This Lease to be pro- Mannor is now occupied and enjoyed by Mr. 

duced within the William Barnston his assignee or assignes by vertue 

tyme limited. of some lease or graunt made thereof but hath not 

as yet produced any vnto vs. 

An Abstract of the present Rents future Improvements and all other 
profitts of the sayde Rectory Prebend and Mannor of Bishopston : — 

The Rents of Assize or the Rents of the Coppyhold Tenements togeather 
with all other perquisites with the sayde Mannor to the Royalty thereof 
appertayneing are per annum 01". 13^ 00*^. The Improved value of the sayde 
Rectory is per annum 152'\ IP. O**. The Improved va^ue of the Coppy- 
hould Tenements over and above the yearely Rent reserved is per annum 
93". U0^ 00^\ Walter Foy Jo: Squibb Chr. VVeare Geo. Faireley Surveyors. 
Ex. per Will. Webb supervisor generall. 1650. 

The Twenty two pounds thirteen shillings foure pence per annum reserved 
on this Prebend to the Prebendary and Viccar is apportioned, viz^ — To be 
sould with the lands 07^'. 00^ 00^ To Remayne vpon the Tythes 15'>. 13^ 04^^. 
In toto 22". 13^ 04'i. Nov. 25. Wm. Webb 1650. 

An Abstract of the ].ease produced vnto vs the six and twentieth of 
December 1649 : — 

Bishopston. All that the Prebend and Parsonage of Bishopston alias 
15ushopston with the appurtenances togeather with all and all manner of 
Tythes Fruites Emolumentes arrable grounds howses, Meadowes Leasues 
pastures, and all other landes Tenements hereditaments Coppyholdes 
profittes appurtenances Commodity and Advantages whatsoever vnto the 
sayde Prebend and Parsonage or either of them belonging or in any wise 
appertayneing or which' then were or thentofore by any meanes had been 
here taken reputed or occupyed as part parcell or member of the sayde 
Prebend and Parsonage or either of them togeather alsoe with all Fynes 
Herryottes and other profitts to the sayde Prebend or Parsonage or either of 
them belongeinge by any temporall Court whatsoever and revercion and 
Revercions Rents and services reserved or depending in and vpon the sayde 
Prebend and Parsonage or either of them or any part or parcell thereof (except 
and allwayes reserued vnto John Barneston and his successors the guift and 
Parsonage of the Viccarage of Bishopston aforesayde and the Probacion of 
Wills and Testaments and all manner of spirituall and Ecclesiasticall 
jurisdictions) were by Indenture dated primo July nono Caroli Demised by 
the sayde John Barnston Doctor of Divinity Prebendary of the Prebend of 
Bishopston alias Bushopston in the Cathedrall church of Sarum and Parson 
of the Church of Bishopston aforesayde vnto William Barnston of Churton 
in the County Palatyne of Chester Gent. Habendum to him the sayd 
William Barneston for the lives of William Barneston sonne of the aforesayd 
William Barneston and of John Barnston and Thomas Barnston two other 
of the sonnes of the aforesayd William Barnston vnder the yearely Rent of 

'MS. "with." 



Co7nmunicated hy the Ven. Arclideacon E. J. Bodington, 111 

Twenty pounds payeable at the Feastes of S'. Mychaell the Archangell and 
of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary by equall porcions. 
• The Lessee doth covenant to repayre the Channcell of Bishopston [nc) 
and the Mansion howse of the sayde parsonage with all out howses and 
premisses and to discharge all proxies Synodalls costs of visitacion and 
Stall wages due to the Viccars of the sayde Prebend in the sayde cathedrall 
church of Sarum, «» ^ 

And to the Viccar of Bishopston for the tyme being yearely dureing the 
sayde terme the summe of Fifty three shillings and foure pence, being the 
annuity to hiui of ould tyme due oat of the sayde Prebend. 

The Lessee is to pay and discharge ail manner of other payements dutyes 
and charges ordinary and extraordinary whatsoever due or to be due out 
of the premisses dureing the terme. 

The Lesse doth covenant not to make any wast vpon the premisses in 
felling of Tymber Trees except for the reparacions of the Mancion howse 
and other edifices of the sayde prebend or for reparaciones of the Ooppyholds 
or Jor the Lopping of trees in seasonable tyme for the repaireing of Hedges 
etc. If the Bent be behinde by the space of two montlres then a Reentry. 
The lives are all in being (as wee are informed) William Barnston the son 
liveing with his Father in the County PaJatyne of Chester aged Two and 
Twenty, John Barnston an apprentice in London aged Eighteene Thomas 
Barnston liveing with his Father aged Seaventeene. [In margin : — These 
lives ... be more . . . fully cleared.^] Walter Foy Chr Weare 
Geo Faireley Surveyors. Ex', per Will. Webb. 1649. 

Two of the aforesayd lives are only liveing viz\ John and Thomas 
Barnston who have both appeared before me Will. Webb. 1650. Ex'. Ba: 
Hall Begist. Dept. 



SELKLEY HUNDEED. 

Wilts.^ Rectories & Parsonages of Greate Okbourne & Little 
Okbourne. A survey of the Ivectory & Parsonage of Create Okborne 
called S\ Georges Okborne And alsoe the Rectory &, Parsonage of Little 
Okborne, commonly called S'. Andrewes Okborne in the County of Wilts 
late parcell of the possessions or late belonging to the Deane & Cannons 
of the free Chappell of S' George within the Castle of Windsore, made & 
taken by us whose names are herevnto subscribed in the moneth of March 
1649—1650. By vertue of a commission to vs graunted (&c. as before). 

Annuall Rents reserved. In Lease. Cleere values & Improvem" per 
annum. The Tythes of Little Okborne, consisting of all the Corn hay 
wooll & lambe of Ixuckley Farme onely and ensueing out of East West & 
South Feilds & certaine parcel Is of Meadowe & pasture there with the 
Mannor of Ruckley and the Farme of Barberry, all estimated to be 100 
yard lands with common of pasture there vnto belonginge, being woorth by 
computation communibus annis cc'^ 

^ Partly lost in binding. 
' Lambeth Pari. Surveys, Vol. XVI., p. 191—193. 



112 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

The Tythes of Greate Okborne consist of all the corne in the parish and 
the hay wool! and lamb of Bonds Farme there onely and yssueing out of 
lledd lands, Board Lands and the West feild with diverse other parcells of 
arrable meadowe & pasture there estimated att 75 yard -lands with the 
common pastures therevnto belonginge worth by computation communibus 
annis clx." The Totall value is 360''. 

Meniorandum. Vincent Goddard by indenture of lease bearinge date 
the third day of Aprill in the fourteenth yeare of the late king Charles 
held all the last mentioned premisses for one & twenty yeares from our 
Lady Day last before the date under y^ reserved yearely Kent of fifty 
pounds att Michaelmas and our lady day by even portions, and forty shill- 
ings for one quarter of wheate att our Lady day onely. But they are worth 
vpon Improvement over and above the rents per annum OCCviij". 

[Redditus L*\ & XL^ for one quarter of wheate]. There is there Tenn 
yeares to come of the Terme att our Lady day 1650. 

The Lessors etc hath demised all the Kectory and parsonage of Greate 
Okborne comonly called S*. Georges Okeborne and also the Kectory & par- 
sonage of little Okborne comonly called S' Andrewes Okborne in the County 
of Wilts with all manner of gleab lands, tythes, pentions, portions, obla- 
tions, alterages, rights, profits, comodities, emoluments, with advantages, 
with all the appurtenances whatsoever to the said parsonage belonginge 
except y^ presentation guift & patronage of y^ Viccaridge there and all man- 
ner of woods and underwoods in k upon the premisses. The Lessee etc 
hath covenanted to pay all tenthes subsidies taxes and taxations yssueing 
out of or for the premisses as due vnto the late Kinge dureing the said 
terme and likewise shall pay 40^ per annum heretofore vsed to bee paid to 
the Viccars Corall in the Cathedrall Church of Sarum & 37s. per annum 
vsed to be paide to the Deane & Chapter of the Cathedrall Church of 
Glocester and 30s. per annum due & payable vnto the late dissolved 
monastery of Tewkisbury & of late vsed to be paid vnto the late kinge. 

The Lessee &c hath likewise covenanted to uphold, repaire & keepe the 
aforesaid Parsonages & either of them & the chancells of the Parish churches 
there & all edifices & buildings vnto them belonginge, & the mounds 
fences and inclosures shall sufficiently make and maintaine & soe to leave 
them. And moreover shall beare and pay all other duetyes & chardges 
whatsoever both ordinary and extraordinary, and alsoe shall give enter- 
taynm*. vnto y^ Lessors, theire Receivor Steward & other officers for two 
nights & one day and shall not alien theire whoUe estate without licence 
(except by will) with a proviso, that if the Rents aforesaid bee vnpade by the 
space of sixe weekes after the termes aforesaid & covenantes not performed 
the lease to be voyde. 

Memorandum Whereas there is mention made in y^ demise of gleabe 
lands as belonging to y* sd. parsonage & in the exeption mention is made of 
woods & vnderwoods, By y* best information wee can have in the county 
there is neither lands nor wood to bee found. 

Att present Disposall The Viccaridge house of Little Okborne, consist- 
inge of three lowe Roomes & three upper Roomes, an olde barne & a gar- 
den, containing by estimation halfe acre with all the small tythes consist- 
inge of wool lambe calves fruite eggs garden etc of the whole parrish 



Communicated by the Ven. Archdeacon E, J, Bodington, 113 

excepting Kuckley Farm worth by computation communibus annis xP. 
M'. Bartholomew Webb is present Incumbent there. 

The Viccaridge house of Greate Okborne consistinge of Three lowe roomes 
and three upper roomes with a barne, garden & orchard cont. by estimation 
Tree (sicj roods with the tythe of lambe wool! (t; hay of all the parrish but 
onely of M"". ]5ondes Farme, and alsoe calves fruite eggs gardens piggs 
geese hopps etc of all the said parrish besides worth by computation, com- 
munibus annis lij^i. M' [John] Burley is present Incumbent there. 

Retorn'd into the Register's Office for keepeing the Surveys of Deanes & 
chapter's landes the 20th of May, 1650. Denys Taylor Willm Stisted 
Edmond Mountjoy Henry Langley Surveyo". Ex p Will : Webb super- 
visor generall 1650. Ex^ Ra: Hall Regist^ Deput. 

Wiltes.^ Presliute Kectoria. A survey of the Rectory and Im- 
propriate parsonnage of Preshute with the rights members and appur- 
tenances thereof lyinge and beinge in the County of Wilts late parcell of 
the possessions or late belonginge to the late Dean and Chapter of the 
Cathedrall Church of the blessed Virgin Mary of Sarum made and taken 
by us whose names are hereunto subscribed in the month of December 
1649. By virtue of a commission to us graunted (&c. as before). 

Rents reserved. Cleere values and improvements per annum. The 
Parsonnage house cont. a Hall, a kitchenne a Parlour a Butterie a Bake- 
house, two woodhouses a Brewhouse sixe chambers, two"Barnes conteyning 
two Bayes of buildinge, two stabeles conteyninge two Bayes of buildinge, a 
carthouse, a cow staall, an Orchard, three gardenns, one little Court yarde 
and a backside conteyning per estimation 01. 00.^ iJij"- 

Fowre small closes of arrable land called by the name of the Croftes ad- 
joyninge to the highway on the south parte that leadeth from Malborough 
to Manton conteyning per estimation 36. 00. xiiij^i. vj^ 

One close of arrable land called by the name of Croftes close lyinge on 
the East side of the said fowre several closes called the Croftes conteyning 
per estimation 04. 00. ij". 

One close of meadow and pasture called by the name of Horse Close 
lying on the East side of the Church yarde of Preshute aforesaid conteyn- 
ing per estimation 04. 02. iij". 

One close of meadowe adjoyneing to the River on the North side of the 
said Parsonnage House called by the name of Broade .Mead conteyning per 
estimation 06, 00. xij". 

One close of meadow called by the name of Piked meade haveinge the 
lane goeinge from Preshute to Manton on the South side and the River on 
the North side conteyning per estimation 01. 02. ij^'. xl 

One close of Arrable land haveing the lands of Mr. Daniell on the East 
side and the house of M' Staples on the southe part called Godcrofte con- 
teyning per estimation 04. 00. ij^'. 

Two parcells of Arrable land lyeing a parte in the parish of Preshute in a 

^ Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 195—197. 
^ The arable figures are evidently acres and roods. 



114 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

feild called Lord Seymores little feilde conteyning per estimation 01. 00. 
vf. viij*^. 

Three little parcells of Arrable lyinge in the common north feilde of 
Manton within the said parish of Preshute conteyning per estimation 
01. 02. x«. Totall number of acres 59. 02. 40". 041 00^ 

There is belonginge to the said Rectorie the tythe of all sorts of corne 
and graine growen within the saide parish of Preshute (except the Tythe of 
a sheepe sleight called Langdon Weeke within the said parish now in the 
possession of the late Lord Seymor, which payeth to the said Rectorie a 
custome tithe of twenty shillinges per annum only. And also except the 
sheep sleight called Temple Buckeley^ lyinge allso within the said'parish 
which payeth allso a custome Tythe of vjs. viijc/. per annum to the said 
Rectory). The tythe also of all the Hey wool and lambe and of all small 
tythes payable within the said parish belongeth to the s'', Rectorie soe that 
all the tythe before mentioned is valued per annum cxliiij^^ \ 

All which premisses (that is to saye) All that the Parsonnage of Preshute 
in the County of Wilts with all manner of Glebe lands leasowes, pastures 
meadowes oblations tythes emoluments and profitts with all and singular 
their appurtenances to the same Parsonn^-ge belonginge or in anie wise 
appurteyninge, the preseutacion of the Viccaridge there when and as often 
it shall bee voyd. Tythes oblacions and all other profitts to the (Jhappell of 
S'. Martinns and new Lands in the parish of Preshute aforesaid in anie 
wise belonginge and allsoe a close of pasture or meadowe conteyninge by 
estimacion three quarters of an acre set and beinge betweene one close in 
the tenure of Katherine Jones widdow on the North parte and the lane 
called Preshute lane on the South parte allwaies excepted and reserved, 
was by indenture dated the 27*'" of July 8° Jacobi demised by Thomas Hide 
Doctor of Divinitye cannon resident Wardein or governor of the Choristers 
of the Cathedrall Church of 8arum and the Dean and Chapter of the same 
Church vnto John Hitchcock of Preshute in the County of Wilts gent- 
Habendum the premisses with their appurtenances (except before ex- 
cepted) vnto the s'^ John Hitchcock his heires and assignes from the date 
for and duringe the tearme of the naturall lives of John Hitchcocke 
Thomas Hitchcock and William Hitchcock three of the sons of the said 
John Hitchcock partie to theis presents and the longer liver of them yeild- 
inge and payeinge therefore duringe the said tearme and tearmes vnto the 
s^ Mr. Wardein or Governor and Dean and (Jhapter and to their successors 
and assignes at the said Cathedrall Church the yearelie rent of xxiij" and 
allso to the viccar of Preshute afores^ for the tyme being 
Redditus xxiij'^ his Successors or assignes the yearlie rent of xiij^^ v'. 
xiij^'. vj'. iiij*^. viij''. the said severall rents to be severallie paid at the 
foure vsuall tearmes of the yeare by even porcions. But 
are worth vppon improvement over and above the said rent per annum 
cxlvij". xvij^ iiij*^. 

The Lessee doth covenant to repaire &c. takenge in and vppon the 
premisses necessarie tymber to bee imployed in repaireinge of the houses 
and buildinges of the premisses as neede shall require. The Lessee doth 

^ Ruckley, i.e., Rockley. 



Communicated by the Ven. Archdeacon JS. J. Bodingto7i. 



115 



covenant to keepe continuall residence and dwelling in and vppon the said 
Parsonnage duringe the said tearme and to bestowe and laye all manner of 
dounge and soyle of his sheepe and beastes duringe the said tearme vppon 
the grounds and lands of the said Parsonnage as much as neede shall re- 
quire. If the said yearelie rent of xxiij^i. bee vnpaied by the space of xxx 
dayes or if the said yearelie rent of xiij^^ vj*. viij^. bee vnpaid by the space 
of seauen dayes and noe sufficient distresse or distresses in or vppon the 
premisses shall or may bee found then the graunt to bee voyd. Two of 
the Hues onlie in beinge John Hitchcock aged 55 and William Hitchcock 
aged 42. 

Memorandums. The Advowson donacion right of patronage and presen- 
tacion to the Viccaridge of Preshute is in the state being late belonginge to 
the late Wardein and Governor of the choristers for the ty me beinge. 
There is belonginge to the Viccar there for the tyme beinge a pencion onlie 
of twentie marks per annum and a little close of meadowe conteyning per 
estimation two roodes whereon heretofore stood the viccaridge house now 
wholly decayed. The present Viccar there is M^ Thomas Miles. Walt. 
Foy. Jo. Squibb. Chr. Weare. Geo. Fairley. Exam-i. per Will. Webb, 
Supervisor Generall 1649. Concordat cum originali examinatum 25 die 
Octobris 1650 per Johannem Phelpes. 

SWANBOROUGH HUNDRED. 

Wilts.' The Prebend of ikllcannrngs. A survey of the late Pre- 
bend of Allconings (sic ) in the County of Wilts late parcell of the 
possessions or late belonging to the late Deane & Cannons of the Free 
Chappell of S' George within the Castle of Windsore made and taken by 

us whose names are hereunto subscribed in the moneth of March, ^^ 

By vertue of a commission to vs graunted (&c., as before). 

Annual lients reserved, Clere values & improvem'* per annum. One 
parcell of Arrable land lyinge k beinge in a feild called Lymborowe con- 
teyneinge by estyniation Two Acres & a halfe worth per annum 2. 2. 0. 
vj^ viij*i. 

The Tythes belonging to the said Prebend are yssueing out of AUington 
feilds cont : by estimation 300 Acres, and out of certeine Meadowes and 
pastures there conteyninge by estimation 51 Acres w*'' ail y* small tythes, 
are by computation worth comnmnibu>^ annis iiij'''^^'. The whole value is 
80" 6^ 8^ 

Memorandum. There is a Ixent charge of twenty shillings payable per 
Annum to the Marques of Hartford. " And likewise the said Prebend, and 
possessors thereof are by custome to keep a Bull & Bore for^ 
No lease pro- the common vs of the Inhabitants of AUington Hamlett 
duced. The lease aforesaid. There is noe cure to be supplyed by or from y® 
to be produced, s<^ i^rebend. Ketornd amongst other things the 20"" May 
1650. Denys Taylor. Will. Stisted. Edmond Mountjoy. 
Henry Langley. Ex^ per Will. Webb. 1650. 

' Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XVI., pp. 186—187.' 



li-6 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1'649— 50. 

By Order from the committee of obstructions datted 21 February 1650 
setting forth that the late Deane & Cannons of Winsore by theire inden- 
ture of Lease beareing date the 6*'' day of November in the 16^'' yeare of the 
late king Charles did demise k to farm lett vnto John Hope of the Devises 
Com. Wilts grocer all that their Prebend of All Cannings with two acres 
and one halfe of arrable and all tythes rentes reversions &c. To have & 
to hold the premisses with appurtenances &c from Michaellmasse before the 
date vnto the full end and terme of one & twenty yeares vnder the reserved 
yearely rent of xiij li. and xxvj.s. and a fatt mutton or xiij. s. iiij. d. in 
money for the same vppon the question it was resolved & so ordered that 
the said Lease bee allowed off & that the Surveyor generall for sale of 
the said Lands doe enter and record vpon the survey the allowance of the 
said Lease which is accordingly done this 8"' day of March 1650 by mee 
Will : Webb, 1650. Aportioned to bee with land per annum xVf. The rest 
to remayne vpon the Title. April Z^. Will : Webb. 1650, Ex^. lia: liall 
Regist'. Deput. 

Wilts/ Rectoria de Marden. A survey of the Rectorie of Marden 
in the County of Wilts late belonging to the Deane and Chapter of Bristol! 
made and taken by us whose names are here vnto subscribed in the monetli 
of September, 1649. 

Imprimus All those two severall tythinge barnes with an outhouse and 
one close of pasture adjoyninge to the said barnes comonly called the par- 
sonage close lying in Marden aforesaid in the occupation of — Gunn con- 
teyninge by estimation 03 Acres. 00 Roods, iij". 

Alsoe severall parcells of meadow ground lyinge in a meadowe called the 
common meade conteyninge by estimacion 04. 00. v^ vj\ viij<^. 

Alsoe one other parcell of meadow lyinge in the common meade of Patney 
conteyninge by estimacion 03 00. iij^ 

Alsoe severall parcells of arrable land lyinge in the common feilds of 
JVtarden centeyninge by estimacion 28. 00. xj^'. iii]'. 

The Tithes belonginge to the said Rectorie are worth per annum com- 
munibus annis xliiij^\ iij'. 

Memorandum : — the last mencioned premisses were as wee finde by the 
rentall demised vnto one Edward Greene by the late 
This Lease to Deane and chapter of BristoU who as wee are informed 
bee produced. lives at London and hath had noe summons to that pur- 
pose and wee find by the said rentall the rent paid b^' the 
said Farmer vnto the Cheife lord to be' viiij Li. per annum. But the 
premisses are worth vppon ymprovement over and above the said rent 
per annum Iviij^^ xiii^ viij'^. 

The viccarage there is worth per annum xl". William Gonne the present 
mcmnbent. The right of Patronage or presentacion to the said Viccaridge 
was in the late Deane and Chapter of Bristol!. Ed. Hatch. John Jeonai. 
James Hybbins. David Ofiley. Will. Webb Supervisor generall. 1649. 

■Wilts.2 Warmister Rectorie. A Survey of the Rectorie or ympro- 
priate Parsonadge of Warmister with the rights members and appurtenances 

1 Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. I., p. 289. 
" Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 212—213. 



Communicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 117 

thereof set lying and being in the parrish of Warmister in Com. Wilts 
late parcell of the possessions or late belonging to the late Dean and Chapter 
of the Cathedrall Church of the Virgin Mary of Sarum made and taken in 
the month of November by us whose names are herevnto subscribed by 
virtue of a commission vnto vs graunted (&c., as before). 

Annuall rents reserved. Cleere vallues and ymprovementss per annum : — ■ 

Twobarnesof tenne bayesof buildinge and a backside cont: per estimation 
02. 00. iij'^ 

One peice of arrable lying in the common feild of Warmister in a part 
thereof called by the name of Hychill adjoyninge to the house and backside 
of M"* Jane Ludlowo cont. per estimation 05 00 xxxiij'. iiij'l 

One peice of Arrable lyinge in a feild called Moorely feild haveinge an 
acre of the widdowe Slaes on the North side thereof cont. per estimation 
01. 00. \]\ viij^. 

One other peice of arrable lyinge in the same feild haveinge an acre on 
the west side thereof called Cockells, in the tenure or possession of Humfrey 
Buckler containing per estimacion 01. 00. vj*. viij^ 

One peice of arrable in the same feild haveingthe land of S' James Thynne 
nowe in the tenure of Humfrey Buckler on the north side thereof con- 
taining per estimation 01. 00. vj^ viij*^. 

One peice of Arrable lyinge in a feild called Copley bottomes cont: per 
estimation 03. 00. xx^ 

One peice of arrable lyinge in a common feild in Warminster afores*^. 
called Mancome bottome cont. per estimation 06. 00. ij'V 

One peice of arrable lyinge in a feild called Napperhold cont: per esti- 
mation 01. 00, vj^ viij*^. 

One peice of arrable lyinge in a comon feild caled Lynchends cont: per 
estimation 01. 00. vj^ viij''. 

One piece of Arrable lyinge in a feild called Coleway cont: per estimation 
04. 00 xxvj^ viij."^ 

One piece of Arrable lyinge in a feild caled White head tree cont. per 
estimation 00. 02. iij^ iiij*^. 

Totall number of acres 25. 02. x". vj^ viij*^. 

The Tithe of the Parsonage of Warminster consisting of the Tythe of all 
sorts of graine and Hay arisinge. and grovveinge within the parrish of 
Warminster vallued per annum CCXlix'^ xiij*. iiij*^. 

All which last mencioned premisses that is to saie all that the Eectorie 
or Parsonadge of Warmister with all houses edifices buildings barnes 
stables gleebe lands tenements rents reuercions services, meadowes pastures 
leasues feedings commons Tythes oblacions obvencions emoluments profitts 
comodities hereditaments k advantages whatsoever with all and singuler 
thapertenaunces to the said Rectorie and Parsonadge and other the premisses 
or anie of them belonginge or apperteininge or which of right hath or ought 
to belonge or apperteine weare by Jndenture dated 27th July 17° Caroli 
demised by the Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church of Sarum vnto 
John Younge of Westharnham in Com. Wiltes gent: Habendum to him 
his heires and assignes for the lives of John Younge of little Durneford in 



118 The Church Survey m Wilts, 1649—50. 

the county aforesaid esquire And of Edward Younge 
Kedditus — and Frauncis Younge brothers of the said John Younge 

xxxiij^'. vj^ viii*^, of Durneford aforesaid and the longest liver of them 

vnder the yearely rent of xxxii^'^.^vj*. viij*^. payable at 
the feastes of S'. Michael tharchangell and of thannunciacion of the virgin 
Marie by even porcioos within the Close of the Cannons of the said 
Cathedrall Church of Sarum but are worth vppon ymprovement as before 
appeares over and above the said rent per annum ccxxvj^'. 13^ 04*^. 

The Lessee is to repaire the chauncell of the Parrish Church of Warmister 
aforesaid and alsoe the houses and edifices of the said Rectorie togeather with 
the hedges and ditches of the same and to leave them well repayred. The 
I^essor doth cov\ to paye all manner of Tythes subsidies & other paym'*, 
graunted or to be graunted to the kinge and his successors duringe the Terme 
The Lessee doth Coven' to give notice to the Lessor of the Decease of everie 
of the lives yf they happen to dye within the Kealme of England. The 
Lessor doth Covenant that it shalbee lawfull for the Lessee and his assignes 
duringe the terme to take sufficient tymber groweing in and uppon the 
premisses for the reparacions as well of the Chauncell as of the buildinges 
of the said Rectorey. If the said rent be vnpaid by the space of sixe weekes 
then a Keentrie The lives are all in beinge John Younge of Durneford 
aged 32 yeares Edward 26 and Frauncis 20^ yeares. 

Memorandum, The Advowson right of Latronage and presentacion to 
the Viccarage of the Parrish Church of Warmesfeer belongeth to the State, 
The Viccarage there is worth per annum L". The present Incumbent is 
Mr. William Woodward appoynted to officiate there by the order of Com''% 
of plundred Ministers Wat. Foy Jo: Squibb Chr. W^eare Geo: Fairley. 
Exam, per Will, Webb. Supervisor General 1649. [Date from endorsement. 
Eecept. 19 Nov. 1649.] 

Wilts.^ The Prebend of Vrchfont. A Survey of the Prebend or late 
Prebend Yrchfont in the County of Wilts, late parcell of the possessions or 
late belonging to the late Deane & Cannons of the free Chappell of St. George 
within the Castle of Windsore made & taken by us v»^hose names are herevnto 

subscribed in the moneth of March — — ^ by vertue of a commission (<fec,, 

as before.) 

Annual Rents reserved In Lease, Cleer vallues dc Improvements per 
Annum. Lessee Ann Eyre. The tythes belonging to the said Prebend are 
yssueing out of Fifteen yarde lands & beinge in Wedhampton Hamlett in 
the Parish of Allcannings of the Countye of Wilts aforesayd, consisting of 
all the corne hay lamb wool, cow white, piggs and fruite, worth by com- 
putation communibus annis xxxv^'. 

Memorandum William Noies of the Middle Temple London gentleman by 

Indenture of lease beareinge date the tenth day of November in the sixteenth 

yeare of the late king Charles held all the last mentioned 

Redditusxiv" premisses for the Terme of one & twenty yeares from 

^ Figure blurred, 
2 Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XVI,, pp. 196—197. 



Communicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 119 

Lxxviij" for Michaelmas last past before the date vnder the reserved 
Tenthes. yearely rents of fourteene pounds &l of twenty eight 

shillings for tenths payable att our Lady Day and Michael- 
mas by equall portions. But they are worth vpon Improvements over & 
above the said rents per annum xix^'. xij^ 

There was twelve of the said terme to come att Michaelmas last. 1649. 

The Lessor etc. hath demised all the Prebend or late Prebend of Vrchfont 
in the County of Wilts & all manner of houses buildings lands tenements 
meadowes pastures feedings rents revercions services tythes oblations 
obventions rights fruites profittes comodities emolumentes advantages 
vnto the same belonging. 

The Lessee etc hath covenanted to repaire vphold maintuine & keepe the 
said Prebend & all houses k buildings unto the same belonging & the hedges 
fences ditches & inclossures of all the premisses & soe to leave them. And 
likewise beare and pay all manner of payments both ordinary and extra- 
ordinary, v^hich shall growe due out of or tor the premisses, and shall not 
alien his wholl estate without licence (except by will) And to give enter- 
tainmt for the space of two nights and one day to the Lessors etc And 
if the rent shall be vnpaid for the space of two monthes or any default of 
performance of covenants the lease to bee voyde. 

Memorandum. Whereas in the demise mention is made of houses 
buildings lands etc. By any information in the County that wee can 
obtaine, there is not any to be found. 

Memorandum. Dame Ann Eyre is the present possessor of the saide 
Lease as by the oath of Captain Stephen White taken before us. 

Att present disposall. There doth belong vnto the Viccar of Vrchfont 
the smale tythes yssuinge out of the aforesaid Hamlett called Wedhampton 
in the parish of All Cannings aforesaid consisting of all the calves eggs 
geese hony etc as belonginge to the aforesaid fifteene yard lands worth by 
computation communibus annis xxvij" viij^ Mr. Richard Wall is present 
Incumbent there. 

Retorn'd into the Registers office for the keeping of the Survays of the 
Deanes & Chapters Lands the 20'^^ May 1650. Dynis Taylor Will: Stisted 
Edmond Mountjoy Henry Langley Surveyors. Ex' per Will. Webb. 1650. 
Ex' Ra' Mall Regist' Deput. 

A Survey of the rectory or Parsonage of Erchf ont alias Vrchfont^ in the 
County of Wilts late parcell of the possessions or late belonging to the late 
Dean & Cannons of the Free chappell of S'. George within the Castle of 
Windsore made k taken by us whose names are hereunto subscribed in the 

month of March by vertue of a Commission (&c., as before). 

Annuall Rents reserved. In lease. Cleere Vallues & Improvem" per 
Annum. 

The Tythes belonging to the aforesaid Rectory are estimated to be worth 
communibus annis CLX.". The total value is Ciiij'''"^. v'. 

Memorandum William Noies of the Middle Temple gent, by Indenture 
of Lease bearinge date the tenth day of November in the Sixteenth yeare 

^ Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol. XVI., pp. 198—199. 



120 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

of the late King Charles held all the last mentioned premisses for the terme 
of one and twenty yeares from Michaelmas last past before the date vnder 
the reserved rent of fifteen pounds att our Lady day and Michaelmas by 
equall portions And alsoe foure pounds for Two quarters of wheate att our 
Ladyday yearely for the dischardge of tenthes.^ But they are vpon improvem/ . 
over and above, the said Rents and repairs per annum ULix". xv'. In 
margin : — Hedditus xv'\ & iiij". for 2 quarters of wheate &; xxx' per tenthes 
aportioned : Lands per ann. 2. 10. 0. Tythes R. per an. 18. 0. 0. In 
toto 20. 10. 0. Will: Webb. 

There was Twelve yeares of the said terme to come att Michaelmas last. 
1649. 

The Lessors &c. hath demised all that there Rectory or Parsonage of 
Erchfont alias Vrchfont in the County of Wilts with all manner of houses 
buildinges barnes stables curtelages, orchards, gardens culverhouses, gleabe 
lands, tenements, pastures, meadowes, feedings, rents commons, tythes, 
fruites, oblations, obventions, pentions, portions, & all rights profitts, 
comodities, emoluments, & advantages vnto the said Rectory & Church 
belonginge. 

Except the Patronage & Colation of the Viccaridge there. 

The Lessee hath covenanted to repaire vphold maintaine & keepe all the 
aforesaid premisses with all the mounds inclosures & chauncell of the 
Church of Urchfout & the same soe to leave &, yeild upp, And alsoe to pay 
all dutyes payments & chardges both ordinary and extraordinary, and is to 
give entertaynment vnto the said Lessors etc every year for 
Entertaynem' the space of two nights & one day & not to alien there whoUe 
communibus estate without Lycence (except by will) and if the Rent 
annis, xx*. shall be unpaid by the space of two monthes after the 

termes limitted & non performance of covenants the lease 
to be voyde. . 

Memorandum Dame Ann Eyre is the present possessor of the said lease 
as by the oath of Captain Stephen White taken before us. 

The Viccaridge A house consisting of a hall a pallour a kitchen a buttery, 
three chambers a barne, stable, garden, orchard & yard. And a Pightle of 
pasture adjoyning containing by estimation two acres worth per annum Ix^ 

The small tythes consisting of Cowwhite, calves piggs fruites, gardens, 
honey geese eggs etc are by computation worth communibus annis xi''. 

The tythes of twenty yard lands in the comon feilds there accustomed 
yerely to bee paide vnto the Viccar are worth by computation xl.". 

The Totall valine is 53^* : : 0. Mr. Richard Wall is present Incumbent 
there. Retorned amongst other things the 20th May 1650 Denys Taylor 
Will: Stisted Edmond Mountjoy Henry Langley. Ex', per Will. Webb. 
Supervisor Generall. 1650. Ex' Ra. Hall Regist^ Deput. 

WESTBUEY HUNDEED. 

Wilts.^ Rectoria de Westbury. A Survey of the Parsonage and 

^ A few words have evidently been omitted here, cf. marginal note. 
2 Lambeth Parliamentary Surveys, Vol, XV., pp. 313—318. 



Communicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 121 

Mannor of Westbury with the rights members and appurtenances thereof 
scituate lyeing and being in the parish of Westbury in Com. Wilts late 
parcell of the possessions or late belonging to Humphrey Hinchman Clarke 
late Chauncellor of the Cathedrall Chureh of Sarum in Com: Wilts made 
and taken by vs whose names are herevnto subscribed in the moneth of 
January 1649. By vertue of a commission to vs graunted (&c., as before). 
There is belonging to the saide Parsonage the Tyth of all Corne and 
graine Hay lamb calf cow white and Tythe woods of Coppices throughout 
the whole parish which is valued Communibus annis per annum 420^ 

All which premisses amoungstother thingsThafc is to say all that parsonage 
of Westbury in the Com. of Wilts with all fruits tythings messuage Lands 
-tenements building barnes stables dove houses ponds orchards commons 
wast groundes heathes parrishes woods vnderwoods rents reversions services 
courts Leets viewes of ffrankpledge waifs estrayes warrens and other rights, 
jurisdiction's priviledges Libertyes, profitts commodityes, emoluments 
and hereditaments whatsoever to the said parsonage or to any part or 
parcel thereof belonging or in any wise appert^yneinge (The spirituall 
jurisdiction with the advowson and presentation of the Vicarage of the 
saide Church of Westbury when and as often as the said Viccarage shall 
happen by any meanes to be voyde, only excepted to Humphrey Hinchman 
and his successors dureing all the Terme of the present lease and graunt 
reserued) were by Indentured dated the Eighteenth day of December in the 
Sixteenth yeare of the late King Charles demised by Humphrey Hinchman 
Clarke chantor of the cathedrall church of Sarum and thereby Parson of 
Westbury to the same Chauntershipp inseparate vnited and annexed in the 
sayde county of Wiltes vnto Thomas Bennett of Norton Bavent in the sayde 
County of Wilts Gent. Robert Keynton of Westbury aforesayde in the 
«Bayde County of Wilts and Roger Cater of Westbury aforesayd in the 
County aforesayde yeoman. Habendum the premisses with the appur- 
tenances (except before excepted) vnto the sayde Thomas Bennett his heires 
and assignes from the date for the naturall lives of him the sayde Thomas 
Bennett Elizabeth his then wife and of John Bennett his sonne and the 
longest liver of them (vnder the yearely rent of Threescore and nyne pounds 
and Tenn shillings. Att the Feasts of the Annunciation of the Virgine 
Mary and S*. Mychaell the Archangell by even porcions. The same yearely 
rent to be payd at the Crosse in the Church yarde of the Cathedrall Church 
of Sarum aforesayd. But are worth vpon improvement over and above the 
sayde rent per annum 41 l^i- V. lO*^. In margin : — Redditus 69^'- 10^ Thus 
apporcioned viz^ — the lands 16. 16. 00. the Tythes 52. 14. 00. In toto 
69. 10. 00. Dec. 1°. W™. Webb. 1650. 

If the sayde Rent be behynde and vnpayde by the space of Twenty 
and Eight dayes being lawfully demaunded at the sayde parsonage house 
That then and soe often the sayde Thomas Bennett his heires and assignes 
shall loose fiforfeite and paye vnto the Lessor and his successores for every 
suche defaulte the summe of Fortye shillings Nomine pence and that soe 
often it shalbe lawfuU for the Lessor his successores and Assignes to enter 
and distreyne vpon the premisses or any part thereof for the sayde yearely 
rent and penaltyes soe become forfeited and the distresse and distresses 
to take leade drive and carry away and impounde and in pounde to deteyne 

VOL. XLI. — NO. CXXXIII. K 



122 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

and keepe vntill the sayde rent and summes of money soe to become forfeited 
as aforesayde be paide. If the sayde Rent be behinde by the space of Three 
Monethes being lawfully demaunded at the sayde Parsonage howse Then a 
Reentry. The Lessee is to repaire and sufficiently to keep repaired the 
premisses and the Chauneells of the Parrish Church and of the Chappell of 
Westbury belonging to the sayd parsonage in all necessary repairacions 
dureing the Terme And shall yearely dureinge the Terme at his owne costs 
and charges provide ordeyne and give one dinner yearely to the Lords officers 
of the Hundred of Westbury as hath beene accustomed in tymes past and 
shall likewise allowe and paye yearely to the Viccar of Westbury aforesayde 
for the tyme being or his assignes one loade of Hay every yeare dureing 
the terme. 

The lives are in being Thomas Bennett the Lessee aged fifty yeares 
Elizabeth his wife forty. John Bennet his sonne twenty. The advowson 
right of Patronage and presentation to the Viccarage of Westburyeaforesayd 
wee finde did belong to the Lessor. The Viccarage there throughout the 
whole parrish is worth per annum 80^'. 

There are within the sayde parish Two Ohappells of Ease which Chappells 
have full congregations the on6 at Bratton and the other at Dilton each of 
them Two miles distant from the parish Church of Westbury and foure 
miles distant from each other. The present Vicar there is Mr. Phillipp 
Hinton to whom belonges the care and charge of all the three places. 

An Abstract of the present Rents future Improvements and all other 
profitts of the Parsonage and mannor of Westbury, 

The Reserved Rent of the sayde Parsonage and mannor payable Lessee 
which is the only present profitt to the State is per annum 69ii- \0\ 00*^. 

The Rents of Assize or the Rents of the Coppyhould Tenaunts of the 
sayde mannour togeather with all profitts and perquisites within the sayde 
mannour to the Royalty thereof apperteyning now in graunt to the Lessee 
are per annum 03. 01. 10. 

The Improved value of the parsonage aforesayde over and above the 
sayde Rent is per annum 4111'- P. 10^. 

The improvement of the Coppyhold Lands of the sayde Mannour over 
and above the sayde yearely rent is 071. 18. 04. per annum. Walt, Foy 
Jo: Squibb Chr. Weare Geo: Faireley Surveyors. Ex' per Will. Webb 
Supervisor General 1650. Ex' Ra: Hall Regist: Dep'. [Date from endorse- 
ment :— Recept: 4 Febr. 1649.] 



WHOEWELLSDOWN HUNDRED. 

Wilts.^ Rectoria de Keevill. A survey of the Rectory of Keevill with 
the rights Members and appurtenances thereof lying and being in the 
County of Wiltes parcell of the possessions, or late belonging to y^ Deane 
and Chapter of y^ cathedrall Church of y* Holy Trinity of Winton, made 
and taken by us whose names are herevnto subscribed in y* moneth of 
October 1649. By virtue of a commission to us granted (&c. as before). 

1 Lambeth Pari. Surveys, Vol. XVI., pp, 289—290. 



Communicated hy the Ven, Archdeacon E. J. Bodington, 123 

There belongeth to the said Rectory a small parsonage house consisting 
of Foure Roomes Thatched, one large Barne built with Stone <k Timber, 
and covered with stone slate, and one Orchard conteyning in the whole by 
estimation one Acre and one Rood which wee value to be worth per annum 
1 Acre. 1 Rood, iij^' per annum. 

Glebe Land belonging to y* said Rectory. One meadow called Wick- 
mead conteyning by estimation Three Acres wee value at Thirty Shillings 
the Acre per annum amounting to 3. 0. iiij". x^ 

One Acre of Meadow in the Ham wee value to be worth Thirty shillings 
per annum 1. 0. xxx^ 

One parcell of pasture called Little Wood conteyning by estimation 
Three Acres, wee value at Twenty shillings y'^ acre per annum amounting 
to 3. 0. iijii. 

One parcell of Lammas meadow, lying part in Bulkington, part in Sceene, 
conteyning by estimation halfe a Rood (the Fore Crop whereof belongeth 
to the said Rectory), which wee value worth two shillings six pence per 
annum — — ij^ vj*^. 

In the north Feild seaven acres and a halfe of Arable by estimation 
which wee value at Tenne shillings y^ Acre per annum amounting to 7. 2. 
iij^'. xv^ 

In Weekefeild Twelve Acres and a halfe of Arable by estimation which 
wee value at Tenne shillings the Acre per annum amounting to 12 2. 
vj". v^ 

In Couple Church Feild eight acres and a halfe of Arable by estimation 
which wee value at Tenne shillings per Acre per annum amounting to 
8. 2. iiiji'. v^ 

The totall of y^ Parsonage House and Glebe landes amounteth to per 
annum xxvj'\ vij*. vj"^. 

There belongeth to the said Rectory all the Tithe Corne & hay within 
the Parrish of Kevell (the Tything of Bulkington excepted) which wee 
value to be worth per annum Cliij xij'. vj*^. 

The Totall value of the proffitts of the said Rectory amounteth to per 
annum Clxxx''- 

M*^. The Lease of the said Rectory hath not beene produced vnto vs, 

but wee finde by the Lidger books that Thomas Lambert, Esq^ holds all 

the said mentioned premisses from the Deane & Chapter 

Redditus xvijii- of Winton by Indenture of Lease dated 26 Junii II Car. 

for and during the terme of Twenty one yeares from 

Thannunciation last past before the said date vnder the reserved yearly 

rent of Fourteene poundes and Three poundes instead of enterteynment 

payable at the feast of S*. John the Baptist yearly, but 

This Lease to be the said premisses is worth upon improvement over & 

produced. above the said Rent, one hundred sixty three pounds per 

annum. Clxiij^'- 

The Leassee etc by covenant to keepe the premisses in repaire at his owiae 
proper costs and charges during the said terme and at the end thereof shall 
soe leave the same. 

The Leassee to beare and pay all rents and charges due to the King, and 
alsoe all other yearly charges growing out of the said Parsonage, and other 

K 2 



124 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

the premisses dureing the saide terme. And if the said yearely payment of 
Three pounds bee behind Thirty dayes after the said Feast, then the Lease 
to be void. S"". Edward Boynton present Tennant. There was seaven 
yeares to come of the said terme the Twenty fifth day of March last. The 
Eight of Presentation of the Minnister to the Viccarage of Keevill was 
formerly in the Deane k Chapter of Winton, The Proffittes thereof 
being worth forty pounds per annum. The present Incumbent Mr. John 
Rutty. Robert Voyce. Edward Hooker. Jam : Quarles. Fran : Hodges. 
Exam, per Will : Webb supervisor general. 1649. 



" Certaine Parcells and Porcions of Tithes in several! places.'" 
Decan Sarum. Comit : Wilts.^ Recept : the 7"' May 1650." ^ . . 
per estimacion two Acres, and thother called Woollham per estimacion 
likewise two Acres, the Tithe of which two closes of meadow is due and 
payable to the Parson and vicar of the parish of Winterbowne Stoake afore- 
said, and alsoe exceptinge three Lambs and three fleeces of Wooll due and 
payable yearely to the Viccar of the said parish out of the Flocke of Sheepe 
belonginge to the aforesaid Farme all which tythes due and payable to the 
said late Deane and Chapter over and above the exceptions before specifled 
is worth per annum xxviji'- vij^ iij"^. 

All which premisses, That is to saye, all the porcion of Tithe cornegraine 
Haye wooll Lambs Piggs eggs Geese Doves Honey Wax and other tythes 
whatsoeuer comeing ariseing groweinge or runeinge in the parishe of 
Winterborne Stoake in or vpon a certaine Farme therin called the Lord of 
Arrundells Farme, which farme is now in the possession of W™. Snowe and 
scituate within the parishe of Winterborne Stoake aforesaid in the countye 
of Wilts was per indenture dated 25 Junii 12^ Caroli. demised by the late 
Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall of Sarum vnto William Snowe of 
Winterborne Stoake in the County of Wilts gent. Habendum from the 

Feast of the Nativity of S'. John Baptist last past before 
Redditus xK the date for the terme of xxj yeares vnder the yearly rent 

of Forty shillings to be paid in the Close of the Cannons 
aforesaid at the feast of S'. Michaell the Archangell and the Annunciation 
of the Virgin Mary by even portions but are worth upon Improvement over 
and above the said rent per annum xxvi'- vij^ iij'*. 

If the said yearly rent bee vnpaid by the space of 60 dayes then a reentry. 
There remayneth of the terme vnexpiered 8 yeares from the Feast of St . 
John ye Baptist 1649. The Remainder of the Terme is in William Snowe 
the Lessee. 

All that porcion of Tithe of or vppon a certaine Farme belonginge to 
Edward Tucker esq^- sett lyeinge and beinge in the parish of Winterborne 
Maddington in Comit : Wilts the Tithe whereof for all corne and graine 
wooll Lambe and all other Tithes whatsoever (but not of hey) groweinge 

1 Lambeth Pari. Surveys, Vol. XV., pp. 219—231. 
^ The first page of this survey is lost. This title is from the endorsement. 



Comnuinicated hy the Veil. Archdeacon E. J. Bodington. 125 

and runeinge yearly therevpon was due and payable to the late Deane and 
Chapter of Sarum (excepting the Tythes of x. Acres of wheate and x acres 
of Barley parcell of the said Farme, and the tithe wool! of 160 sheepe, par- 
cell of the Flocke belonging to the said Farme, five tythe Lambs, five 
Apples and five eggs, all which by custome or composicion due and payable 
out of the said Farme to the Impropriate parsonage of the parish of Madd- 
ington. All which Tithe due and payable to the aforesaid Deane and 
Chapter over and above the exceptions before specified is worth per annum 
xxx'i. 

All which premises are claymed held and enjoyed by Edward Tooker, 
Esq. propriator and owner of the aforesaid Farme, by vertue of a Lease (as 
wee are informed) from the said Deane and chapter of Sarum which hath 
not been produced to vs. In margin : — The Lease to bee produced. 

All those Tenths or Tythes great & small of what kind quality or nature 
soever they be comeinge groweing or runeinge yearly within or out of the 
Forrest of Chutewiltshire in the County of Wilts and within or out of the 
Forrest of Chute Hantshire in the County of Southampton. All which 
were due and payable to the late Dean and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church 
of Sarum, and are worth per annum Ixxx^J 

All which premisses (that is to saye) all those there Tenths and Tithes 
great and small of what kind qualitye or nature soever, they bee comeinge 
groweinge ariseinge increasinge runeinge or beinge or that at any tyme 
hereafter shalbse comeinge groweinge ariseing increasinge runeinge orbeinge 
within or out of all the East and west Walks wood in the County of 
Southampton or any parte or parcell thereof, with all and singuler their 
appurtenaunces together with all the Tithes of all and every or any of the 
Forrest grounds, out grounds or purpresture grounds part parcell or member 
of the said east & west walkes of the said Forrest of Chute in the said 
County of Wilts, and walkes wood in the said County of Southhampton 
with all and singuler their appurtenances as fully and freely and in as large 
and ample manner and Forme as the said Tenthes and Tythes were by a 
Deed indented demised and graunted vnto John Isington deceased by the 
Deane and Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Sarum, by and vnder the 
name and names of the Tenths and Tithes runeing within or out of the 
Forrest of Chute Wiltshire, and the Forrest of Andover and Husborne 
alias Chute Hamshire in the County of Southampton or by or vnder any 
other name or names whatsoever, were by Indenture dated vltimo August 
15° Caroli demised vnto Thomas Hawley his executors or assignes from 
the date for the Terme of xxj*'"" yeares vnder the yearly 
Kedditus xP, Rent of fortye shillings, payable at two feasts or terms in 
the year most usual, (That is- to saye) att the Feast of S'. 
Michaell the Archangell and of the Annunciacion of the Virgin Mary at 
the Font stone of the Cathedrall Church, but are worth vppon Improvement 
over and above the said Rent per annum Ixxviijii* 

If it happen the said yearly Rent of forty shillings or any part thereof to 
to bee behind or vnpaid in part or in all by the space of forty after any of 
the said feasts being lawfully demaunded at the Fontstone that then and 
from thence forthe demise to be void and a reentrye. A cov', for the 
payment of the Rent according to the tyme Limitted. 



126 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

All those Tenths and Tythes of whatt kinde qualitye or nature soever 
they bee comeing groweinge or runeinge yearly in or vppon a certaine farme 
called Hippingscombe sett lyinge and beinge within the County of Wilts 
betweene the Forest of Chute and Savernocke, All which were due and 
payable to the late Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church of Sarum 
and are worth per annum xxvi'' 

All which premisses are claymed held and enjoyed by^ Sutt of 

Chilbolton in Comit. Southampton Esq*"- By vertue of a Lease (as wee are 
informed) from the said late Dean and Chapter, which hath not beene 
produced to vs. 

All those Tenths and Tithes great and small of kinde qualitye or nature 
soever they bee comeing groweing ariseinge or runeinge yearely within 
or out of the Forrest of Chippenham alias Pewsham within the County of 
Wilts (The Tythes or Tenthes of the Parke of Bowewood excepted (together 
with the Tithes of all the said Forrest grounds out grounds or perpresture 
grounds, beinge- or that at any tyme heretofore have beene part parcell or 
member of the said Forrest all which Tenths or Tithes are worth per 
annum P'- 

All which premisses have been claymed by the late Deane and Chapter 
of the Cathedrall Church of Sarum as of right belonginge and appertaineinge 
to them. And by vertue of their said Clayme and right severall Demises 
by Indenture of Lease have beene made and graunted by them to severall 
persons succeeding one another as by the counterparts of their severall 
leases found by vs in the Muniment howse in the Cathedrall Church of 
Sarum doth appeare viz*- by the last Indenture bearinge date the 27t'h July 
17th Caroli they particularly demised by the said late Deane and Chapter 
vnto Henry Shuter of Chippenham in the County of Wilts. Habendum 
from the date for the terme of xxi yeares vnder the yearly rent of forty 
shillings at the Feasts of S^- Michaell the Archangell and of the Annun- 
ciacion of the Virgin Mary by even porcions. By another Indenture 
bearinge date the 26*^'^ of January 7° Caroli they were inter alia expressly 
demised by the said Deane and Chapter vnto John Essington the elder of 
Durneford in the County of Wilts esquire. Habendum from the date for 
the terme of xxj years, All of them vnder the like yearly rent of xP and 
at the same termes of payment : which last mencioned Lease is said to bee 
surrendered when the latter Lease was graunted, the same being then not 
expiered, andiby a Third Indenture bearinge date 26th October 8° Jacobi 
they were by the said late Deane and Chapter amoungst the Tithes and 
Tenths of other Forrests lyeing within the said Countye of Wilts and in 
the said Indenture of Lease specified and named demised vnto Otho 
Nicholson of Cittye of London Esq*"- Habendum for the terme of xxj 
yeares. But that the before recited premises were enjoyed by any of the 
before named persons by vertue of the before recited and respective Leases, 
wee doe not certainely finde yett by reason of a Sute now dependinge 
betweene the parson of the impropriate parsonage of Chippenham and the 
Inhabitants of the said Forrest for the Tithes of the said Forrest as being 
within the said parish of Chippenham. Wee do finde that the said 

» Blank in MS. 



Comrmtnicated hy the Ven. Archdeacon E. J, Bodington, 127 

Inhabitants for the tyme to come are willinge to paye theire Tythes to and 
for the vse of the State in behalf of the right or clayme of the said late 
Deane and chapter, provided that the same can be so cleared, as they shall 
not be charged with a double payment of theire Tithes to seuerall persons 
claymeinge the same by seuerall and differinge rights. 

Memorandums Wee doe finde moreover, that the said late Deane and 
chapter have claymed the Tithes of severall other Forrests viz : The Tithes 
of the Forrest of Saver nocke alias Savernacke Melksham alias Blackmore 
Cricklade alias Brayden, and Grovely all of them lyeinge within the County 
of Wilts and alsoe the Tithes of the Forrest of Buckholt and New Forrest 
lyeinge in the County of Southampton for enjoyeinge and holdinge of all 
which Tythes wee doe finde by the counterparts of severall Indentures found 
by vs in the muniment howse of Sarum severall leases have beene graunted 
to severall persons commencinge from seuerall respective dates and for 
seuerall reserued rents and termes. And that the whole annuall proffittes 
or Improvments of those Tythes have been at any tyme peaceably and 
quietly enjoyed by any of the severall respective persons to whom the said 
severall Leases were respectively graunted wee doe not certainely finde But 
are credibly informed that they were only graunted for questioninge and 
tryeinge of Titles or the Claymers claymes of right to those Tithes, but 
nevertheless that noe enjoyment of those Tithes was ever evicted by reason 
or by vertue of any Tryalls excepting in Savernock Forrest, where wee are 
informed that John Essington Esquire did by vertue of a Lease from the 
said late Deane and Chapter of Sarum obtaine a decree or judgment in the 
court of Chancery or Common pleas against the Inhabitants of Savernocke 
Forrest for their Tithes which they now denye affirmeing that they ever did 
hold and enjoye theire Lands free from the^payment of any Tithe. And 
wee are moreover informed that the said late Dean and Chapter did clayme 
the Tythes or some porcion of Tithes in and over all Winsor Forrest but 
have not seen any particuler grannt made thereof to any particuler person 
or persons by any Indenture or Counterpart of Lease nor cann wee certainly 
learne collect or gather from any cleere prooflfe or evidence that ever the 
Tythes or any part of the Tithes of or within the Forrest of Winsor have 
beene enjoyed by any person or persons holding or claymeing the same by 
vertue of any right graunt or Lease made to him or them of from or vnder 
the said late Dean and chapter of the Cathedrall Church of Sarum. 

The said late Deane and Chapter have alwaies enjoyed the Tithe wood 
of all coppices or vnderwoods groweinge within Claringdon Parke in Comit: 
Wilts, and have received the same in kinde yearley whensoever any coppices 
within the foresaid Parke was felled and cutt downe, or otherwise at some 
tymes or in some yeares when any of the coppices within the said Parke 
were felled and cutt downe they did as pleased them sell their Tithe of 
every such coppice or coppices as was that yeare felled or cutt downe for 
such prices as they could gett and obtaine for the same as doth appeare 
by severall and differinge prices and sumes of money with the receipt 
thereof, the severall and respective Commun''^' ^ or yearly receivours for 
the said late corporation of Dean and Chapter doe charge themselves by 

^ Sic. ? " Commissioners " intended. 



128 The Church Survey in Wilts, 1649—50. 

severall of their yearly Rolls of Accompts found by vs in the muniment 
howse at Sarum. But it doth noe where appeare that any interest or 
estate was made thereof to any manner of person or persons by virtue of 
any demise or graunt from the said late Deane and chapter, neither hath 
any person or persons at any tyme claymed any interest or estate therein 
by vertue of any Lease or graunt &c. Wee doo therefore returne the 
aforesaid Tithe of all coppices or vnderwoods groweing within Claringdon 
Parke aforesaid to appertaine and belong to the Trustees for Sale of Deane 
and Chapters Lands for the use of the State and to bee worth communibus 
annis per annum, xviij^i. Returned the V^^ May 1650 by Chris*" Weare, 
Walter Foy George Fairley, John Squibb Surveyors Ex*"- Ra: Hall Regist. 
Dept. 

[Concluded.'] 



129 



NOTES ON THE EUKAL DEANERIES OF MARLBOROUGH 
AND CRICKLADE, 1812.i 

Communicated by the Rev. G. F. Tanner. 

The long dormant office of Rural Dean was revived by Bishop Fisher at 
the close of the year 1811, and the Rural Dean's Book, now in Mr. Tanner's 
custody, from which these notes are taken, was drawn up by the Rev, 
Charles Francis, Rector of Mildenhall and of Collingbourne Ducis (1788 to 
1821). It is a small 4to vellum-bound book, Sin. X G^in., entitled " Mem- 
oranda of the Injunctions respecting Repairs & Improvements of 
Churches, and Parsonage Houses within the Rural Deanries of Marl- 
borough and Cricklade, left by the Rural Dean C.F. in his first Visitation, 
A.D. 1812." The Uural Dean orders the ground round the Church walls 
to be lowered, and a drain to be made, roof and pews to be mended, walls 
where green to be scraped and whitewashed, no graves to be dug within 3ft. 
of the Church walls or pillars, or within the Church at all unless bricked 
and arched, new coverings for pulpit and communion table, and in many 
cases the ceiling of Churches with half-inch deal — this last injunction was 
often shirked by churchwardens. 

In cases where the plate existing in 1891, when Nightingale's Church 
Plate of Wilts was published, differs from that described here, I have 
added a note myself. — Ed. H. Goddard. 

Aldbonrne. 1812. Curate, Mr. Mitchell. Plate given by Col. Oliver 
Nicholas : silver chalice and paten, very large silver flagon and lid, 
silver gilt chalice and paten. H. Com. monthly. Average of com- 
municants, 15, (at the festivals 30 to 40). Two services on Sundays. 
Present Vicar, John Elderton, non resident. " The Poors Chancel" in 
the Church " nearly rebuilt" 1812—1814. 

Great Bedwyn. 1812. Vicar, Mr. Skey. No resident clergyman. 
Service once a day in morning or afternoon. No Vicarage. Two silver 
chalices, two pewter plates, a pewter flagon and lid, 1768. Holy Eucharist 
four times a year, Communicants 100. Population 1800. Worth £100 
a year. [The pewter vessels have disappeared. — E. H. G.] "The Earl 
of Ailesbury (as Impropriator of the Prebend of Bedwin) claims 
Archidiaconal Jurisdiction and appoints an Ecclesiastical Commissioner 
or official who is now the Hev. Chas. Francis, Hector of Mildenhall and 
Collingbourne Ducis. The Dean of Salisbury likewise visits this 
Parish and at his late Visitation at Hungerford appointed the Rev. 
Benjamin Newton, Vicar of Little Bedwin, to be his Rural Dean for 
both the Bedwins and 8 other neighbouring Parishes, Peculiars." 

* A portion of these notes formed part of a paper read by the Rev. G. F. 
Tanner, Rector of Collingbourne Ducis and Rural Dean, at a Ruridecanal 
Conference held at Pewsey, Dec. 6th, 1915, and were printed in the Wilts, 
Berks, and Hants County Paper, Dec. 10th, 1915. 



130 Notes on the Rural Deaneries of Marlborough and Cricklade. 

[Notes on the Church by the Rev. W. 0. Lukis, Vicar and Rural 
Dean, 1851.] 

" The ground plan with an orientation of 5 degrees to the S., remains 
very nearly the same as it was 500 years ago ; the only additions being 
the N. and S. porches, some buttresses to the S. aisle built A.D. 1684, 
and a staircase turret to the tower at its N.W. angle. It consists of 
nave, N. and S. aisles, N. and S. porches, transept, and chancel. The 
tower is 60ft. high, N. to S. 26ft. and 25ft. from E. to W. The west 
front was rebuilt in 1843, when a new doorway was added to the N. 
aisle, the principal door enlarged, and the height of centre window, 
which is of Third-Pointed style, reduced. The W. window of the S. Aisle 
is mutilated, and over the west door of N. aisle there is a quatrefoil 
opening. The aisles were formerly much lower, and the roof of the 
nave stretched across them both. The weather mouldings of this 
original roof are still visible on the tower and transepts. The chancel 
has a priest's door on S. side and ten side windows, each being a narrow 
Middle- Pointed slit, with tref oiled heads, the two next the tower having 
low openings under a transom. The east window is Middle-Pointed 
of three lights, and has been rebuilt and altered, the centre light having 
formerly had a foliated head. All the roofs of the Church have been 
lowered. The original pitch rose to the lower string course of the tower. 
The tower is Middle-Pointed up to the parapet, which is a pierced 
Third-Pointed battlement. There is a window of two lights with a 
quatrefoil in the head on each face of the tower, and on the N. side a 
small pointed opening gives light to the ringing floor. The staircase 
turret was built in 1840, and there is a peal of six heavy bells. The 
style of the nave is Transition Norman, but is combined with so 
much First- Pointed ornament that it cannot be dated. The N. porch 
is of wood work and is probably composed of materials used in the 
ancient rood screen and loft. It rests on a brick base, and in the 
spandrels of the arch are seen the badges of the Seymour and Hungerford 
families. The chancel is a few years older than the transept and the 
transept preceded the tower by a few more. The transept was built 
by Sir Adam de Stokke, who died in 1313. The N. and S. windows 
are similar and are of three lights cinquefoiled, having upper and lower 
parts ogeed, and between these in head of the window is a eightfoil 
set diamond-wise, the foils alternately round and ogeed. The smaller 
E. and W. windows are of two lights tref oiled with a cinquefoil (each 
foil trefoiled) between them. The transept is constructed of flint work 
with stone dressings. The base mouldings of the piers are decidedly 
of First-Pointed character. The foliage on the capitals of the middle 
piers on the S. side is altogether of that style. A niche containing a 
figure of the Blessed Virgin carved in stone, and ornamented with 
colour and gold, still exists in centre of N. E. respond, but being much 
mutilated has been covered with plaster. The chancel screen is of oak 
in the Third-Pointed style. The font, raised on three steps, is in the 
S. transept. It is Third-Pointed, and each face of the bowl has a 
quatrefoil panel with a rose in the centre. The stem is modern. 
Under the S. window of S. transept are two Middle- Pointed arched 



Communicated hy the Rev. G, F. Tanne7\ 131 

recesses : one containing a cross-legged figure of Sir Adam de Stokke, 
and the other a broken slab of Purbeck marble on which is the indent 
of a brass cross and an inscription to the memory of Sir Roger de 
Stokke, supposed to be a son of Sir Adam, Over the recess which 
contains Sir Adam's figure is a curious Middle-Pointed piscina, but 
the shelf is at some distance from it. The walls of transept were 
originally covered with curious drawings, which were exposed to view 
in 1842. They were probably coeval with this part of the Church, and 
were executed in red and yellow ochre and gilt, but becoming faded by 
exposure they were re-covered in 1851. There is a fine Middle- Pointed 
piscina in S. wall of chancel, and many ancient tiles in the paving. On 
the W. side is an Elizabethan monument to the memory of Sir John 
Seymour, father of Queen Jane and of the Protector. Me was originally 
buried in the Priory Church of Holy Trinity, Easton Royal, but this 
Church having become totally ruined his body was removed to Bedwyn 
in 1590, There is also a brass on a flat stone to the memory of John 
Seymour, eldest son and heir of Sir John, who died in 1510. This was 
probably removed from Easton at the same time. In 1853 it was 
resolved by the parish to restore the Church under the direction of T. 
H. Wyatt, Esq,, Diocesan Architect. . . . The work of restoration 
was commenced and carried on throughout the following year, 1854, 
and the Church was re-opened by Bishop Hamilton on Easter Monday, 
1855. The nave walls and the south aisle were rebuilt from the 
foundations, they being greatly out of the perpendicular and considered 
un-sound and dangerous. The other parts of the building were simply 
re-roofed. The tower was re-roofed and the bells re-hung with entirely 
new framing and gear. A small door at the W. end of the N. aisle,which 
had been inserted by a former Vicar, was removed, with a view of erect- 
ing a new stone porch in its stead. The south porch of modern con- 
struction was also removed. Earl Bruce excavated a large portion of the 
chancel and underpinned the walls, for a family vault ; and in doing this 
leaden coffins were found containing the bodies of William, Duke of 
Somerset ; Frances, Duchess of Somerset, his wife ; Henry, Lord 
Beauchamp, their son ; William, Duke of Somerset, son of Henry, Lord 
Beauchamp ; and a leaden coffin of peculiar construction, containing as 
conjectured the body of Sir John Seymour, of Wolfhall, father of Queen 
Jane Seymour." 

Little Bedwyn. 1812. One silver chalice and cover, 1682, pewter flagon 
and lid 1682, pewter plate, 1695. One service with sermon on Sundays 
in morning or afternoon. Holy Eucharist four times a year, Com- 
municants 20. Population 500. Value £300 from tithes and glebe. 
Vicarage House good. Vicar, Benj. Newton, resident part of the year. 
[The pewter plate has disappeared. — E. H. G.] 
[Notes on the Church by Rev. W. C. Lukis.] 

"Some portions of this Church are older than any extant in the 
Church of Bedwyn Magna, which was formerly the mother Church. 
It consists of a nave with clerestory, N. and S. aisles, chancel, S. porch, 
and a tower and spire at the W. end. The nave is late Norman, having 



1»32 Notes on the Rural Deaneries of Marlborough and Cricklade. 

a range of piers and round arches with billet moulding on the N. side 
and a range of pointed arches on S. side, supported on Norman piers. 
The rest of the Church is late Third- Pointed, with square-headed 
windows, the east window only having an arch. There is a good piscina 
and a priest's door in the S. wall of chancel. The tower and spire are 
admirably proportioned and rise to the height of about 70ft. The 
Church has been restored during the last few years and the Third- 
Pointed roof of N. aisle repaired." 

Burbage. [Note by Rev. W. C. Lukis.] " The Church consists of nave, 
N. and S. aisles, N. transept, S. porch, chancel, and modern vestry 
built on the S. side of chancel, and tower at the W. end. It bears 
traces of having once been a fair structure, considerably enriched in 
several parts. The chancel N. and S. windows are beautiful Middle- 
Pointed specimens each differing from the other and having remnants 
of good stained glass. There are much- mutilated sedilia and a piscina 
on the S. side, and a priest's door, also on the same side. The nave 
arches and tower appear to have been rebuilt in late Third-Pointed 
times. 

Butteruiere. 1812. Small silver chalice and cover, pewter plate and 
flagon. One service and sermon, morning or afternoon. Sacrament 
three times a year, Communicants, five. Population 120. Income £300. 
Pectory in a most ruinated and falling state. The Hector, Dr. David- 
son, resides at Dunstable, Bedfordshire ; Curate, Mr. Gale, lives at 
at Linkenholt. [In 1891, when Nightingale's Church Plate of Wilts 
was published, " nothing was known of the old plate." There was only 
a plated chalice and paten given in 1856,when the Church was rebuilt. — 
E. H. G.] " The well is 120 yards to water, but so high is the situation 
that the ponds are very rarely dry." " The Church is a very small 
building chiefly of flint with no pillars or aisles or separation from the 
chancel, but its sides are parallel from E. to W. walls. On the West 
end is a low wooden turret which as well as the Porch and Church are 
tiled. There are two bells." 

Chilton Poliott. 1812. Curate, Arthur Meyrick, of Kamsbury. Rector, 
Edward Popham, D.D., resident in Rectory House. Plate : Large 
chalice and paten on a stem, given by Mrs. Mary Bigg, 1699. A plate 
given by John Piper, two goblets given by John Craven, 1796. Service 
twice and one sermon on Sundays. H. Com. four times in the year, 
communicants 80 to 40. Population cir. 600. 

Chiseldon. 1812. Plate : small silver chalice and cover. Handsome 
silver paten on a stem given by Mrs. Arabella Calley, 1770. Vicar, 
Mr. Warner, resides at Swindon. Service on Sundays once, alter- 
nately morning and evening. Sacrament four times a year. Com- 
municants about 30. Population (1801) 904; (1811) 997. Value of 
Vicarage £125. 

Collingbourne Duels. 1812. The Rector, Charles Francis, Rural Dean, 
occasionally resident ; always two servants at the Rectory, a large 



Communicated hy the Rev. G. F. Tanner. 133 

convenient tiled building. A resident Curate. Large silver chalice, 
pewter flagon, and two plates. [All this plate has disappeared, and 
been replaced by more modern vessels. — E. H. G.] " The present in- 
cumbent has had the whole parish mapped and intends the map for his 
successor." 

Collingbonrne Kingston. 1812. Curate, Mr. Wilson, resides at Bur- 
bage, the Vicar, Nicholas Westcomb, Vicar Choral of Winchester 
Cathedral, resides at Winchester, for forty years. Income £140, after 
paying Curate. Vicarage a ruin and tumbling down is rented for 
paupers by the parish officers, two miserable families inhabit the 
kitchen, exposed to the air, and their lives are in danger every day. 
One silver chalice, one silver salver on a stem, one pewter cup and plate. 
Service once. [The silver salver and the pewter vessels have dis- 
appeared.— E. H. G.] New Vicarage built between 1812 and 1817. 

Draycott Foliott. 1812. No Church. Population about 40. Patron, 
Ambrose Goddard, of Swindon ; Rector, Thomas Goddard Vilett, LL.D. 
Rectory worth £200. 

Everley. 1812. The Rector, Mr. Berguer, a Swiss, is non resident. 
Value £800. Rectory in ruins and Church. " The Lord of the Manor, 
Mr. Astley, who is now Patron of the Living, wishes and has proposed 
to remove and rebuild the Church and Rectory Buildings, and has ob- 
tained the Bishop's consent and made conveyance of land for a new 
site." Plate : a handsome silver flagon holding a full quart given by a 
Mr. Sweetman, a large handsome silver plate for alms given by ]\Tr. 
Greville, a small silver chalice, and a small silver salver on a stem. 
The Rev. F. Astley, of Manningford Abbas, Curate. [None of these 
pieces of plate remain, the present plate (1891) is all hall-marked 1813, 
and though the flagon is inscribed 1754, it is hall-marked 1813, and 
was re-made then. — E. H. G.] 

Froxfield. 1812. Vicar, Mr. Evans, resides at Woolwich. Curate John 
Gilmore. Plate : small gilt chalice and lid, 1610. Pewter flagon and 
two plates, [This is apparently the interesting silver-gilt cup really 
inscribed 1619, but the lid has disappeared. — E. H. G] Service on 
Sunday morning and evening alternately. Eucharist four times in the 
year. Communicants 10. Population 147. 

Ham. 1812. One small silver chalice and cover, one silver paten on stem 
given by John Hunt, 1734. Income £400. Service morning or evening 
on Sundays, once in winter, twice in summer. Sacrament four times 
a year, communicants six. Population 280. Rector, Mr. Gomm, resides 
at Bramdean, Hants. Curate, Mr. Davenant, resides at Kintbury. 
One of the registers of baptisms and burials strangely cut and mutilated 
many years ago. 

Huish. 1812. Metal chalice and plate badly silvered. One service morn- 
ing or afternoon. Population 60. Income ^200. Sacrament four times 
a year, three communicants. Rector, Charles Mayo, resides at Beech- 
ingstoke. Church rebuilt 1785 " without aisles and somewhat shorter 



1 34 Notes on the Rural Deaneries of Marlborough and Cricklade, 

than the old Church dilapidated." " Rector is building a new rectory 
house of brick and tile sashed." "In the old Church was a large 
antique font ornamented with sculpture and is at present serving as a 
cistern at the back door of Mr. John Ward, at Marlboro, the steward of 
the Froxfield Charity, its place is supplied by an absurd thing like an 
egg cup set up close to the entrance into the Church." 

Manningford Abbas. 1812. Flagon and lid given by Mr. Adams, 
Hector, and his wife, 1782. Spacious building. Antique small silver 
chalice. Rector, the Kev. Francis Astley, resides. Income ^6305. One 
service morning or afternoon. Six communicants, Holy Communion 
four times a year. Population 131. "The Rectory House is yet un- 
finished but when compleated it will be a most spacious dwelling of 
brick sashed and covered with blue slates and fitted in a costly way 
with offices, &c." 

Manningford Bruce. 1812. Small silver chalice and cover, a pewter 
plate and tankard and lid. One service morning or afternoon. Holy 
Communion four times a yeair, 30 to 40 communicants. Rector, George 
Wells, LL.D., resident. 

Marlborough St. Peter. 1812. Rector, Earth. Buckerfield, resident. 

Marlborough St. Mary. 1812. Yicar, R. H. Tucker, resident at 
Ogbourne St. Andrew's (at Marlborough, 1824), " The Parish Library 
Ceiling to be mended, the Room and Books to be cleaned, the Books 
arranged and a Catalogue of them to be made by the Yicar." 

Mildenhall. 1812. Charles Francis, Rector. Plate: — "Silver paten 
on stem, the gift of the Hydes, formerly of Stichcombe, and two silver 
chalices and covers, which are two salvers." Service twice and sermon 
and catechising children once on Sunday. Holy Communion four 
times a year, number of communicants 60 to 70, Population (1811) 865. 
1816. "In the course of the last two years . . , the inside of 
the Church has been entirely renewed. A new black and white stone 
pavement has been laid down, the walls scraped and plaistered with 
Roman cement. New massive doors of oak put up. Entire new pews 
of the finest oak with some carving throughout the Church erected, 
carved pulpit and reading desk, perfectly alike, of oak placed at the 
entrance into the chancel, a handsome gallery of oak added to the west 
end of the nave, a new and elegant font and lid given by John Long, 
Esq. A superb set of books richly bound in red morocco, and a very 
costly sett of hangings and cushions of Genoa purple velvet and gold 
embroidery fringe and tassels for the Communion table, pulpit and 
reading desk, the gift of Daniel Jones Long, Esq., &c., the whole expense 
very little if at all short of ^'2000." 

Milton Lilbourne. 1812. Income £70. Silver chalice and cover, pew- 
ter flagon and lid. One service morning or evening. Sacrament four 
times a year, 13 to 20 communicants. Curate, Mr. Jackson. Vicar, 
"The unfortunate Mr. John Brathwaite," resides in good house or 
Vicarage. Population (1811) 340. 



Communicated by the Rev. G. F. Tanner. 135 

Pewsey. 1812. Curate, Mr. Jackson. Old gilt chalice and cover, silver 
salver on stem, another salver, a very handsome silver plate, and two 
silver flagons, the gift of Mr. and Mrs. Stanley, 1739. One service, 
morning or afternoon. Holy Communion, four times, 16 to 20 com- 
municants. Population 1200. Half the parish Sectarists. Rector, 
Joseph Townsend, resides in Bath, spends month of August in Pewsey. 
Good Rectory house, etc. " When resident he will sometimes minister 
and when he does he hands down the Bible to the Clerk to read the 
first lesson and himself preaches without notes. He is said to have 
been Heterodox, and at one time was strongly active." Income £1300 
to ^2000. [The old gilt chalice is no doubt that now (1891) existing, 
hall-marked 1679. All the other silver plate mentioned was " re-cast 
and re-modelled " in 1876.— E. H. G.] "The Pulpit and Reading Desk 
are uncommonly handsome of oak given by Mr. and Mrs. Stanley, 1739. 
• Two old pictures of Moses and Aaron, full length portraits in black 
frames, are stuck up in the corners of the east end of the chancel, and 
two dozen leather buckets are strung along the front of the gallery 
with a board and device of the Salamander office." 

Preshute. 1812. Vicar, Bartholomew Buckerfield, resides at Marlborough. 
No remains of Vicarage House for many years. Site pointed out by 
tradition on S.E. side of churchyard. Parsonage (Rectory) House 
adjoining churchyard. 

Tidcombe. 1812. One silver salver on a stem, 1736, one very small silver 
chalice. One service morning or evening. Holy Communion four 
times a year, 10 communicants. Vicar, John Gilmore, Hves at Froxfield. 
Curate, Mr. Elston, at Chute. Decent thatched Vicarage. ^38 value. 

Wilcot. 1812. Silver salver on stem, chalice and cover, a pewter flagon, 
Eucharist four times a year, 25 communicants. One service on Sunday, 
morning or evening. Population 600. Income ;£130. Vicar, Mr. Sherer, 
resides for nine months in thatched Vicarage opposite the Church. 
[The pewter flagon has disappeared.— E. H. G.] A new chancel built 
by Col. Wroughton, 1835. 

Wootton Rivers. 1812. One small silver chalice and cover, pewter 
flagon and lid, and plate. Two services, one sermon. Holy Communion 
four times, 12 communicants. Population 370. Rector, Rev. Dr. 
Outram, Public Orator of Cambridge, Rector of S. Philip's, Birmingham, 
non resident. Curate, Zachary Brooke. Good house. Income £400. 
Chancel formerly separated from the Church by a handsome oak screen, 
now removed. 

, [Note by Rev. W. C. Lukis, 1853.] "A most beautiful Middle- 
Pointed Church of good proportions, consisting of a nave and chancel, 
the separation between which is at present shown only by a bold corbel 
under the N. and S. eaves of the roof, and by the stone basement 
of the rood screen, which is nearly concealed by the pews. The S. 
porch doorway is exceedingly beautiful, the arch being foliated. The 
windows and doors are richly moulded, but the E. and W. windows are 
partially concealed by a ceiling which spoils the Church." 



136 Notes on the Rural Deanery of Cricklade. 

Deanery of Cricklade. 

Elington or Wroughton. 1812. Plate : silver flagon, silver paten on 
stem given by the Rev. Edward Jones, Rector, 1719. Ancient gilt 
chalice, 1576. {Service twice on Sundays, " afternoon sermon by sub- 
scription." H. Com. four times a year. Average of communicants 50. 
Population, 1811, 1300. Value of Vicarage about ^£170 per annum. 
"The Rector at present is the Rev. Mr. Fenners [?], whose lessee, the 
v^^idow of the late William Codrington, Esq., resides in the Parsonage 
House, which has been improved at a very considerable expense." 
Present Vicar Mr. Merest, who keeps a school at Diss, in Norfolk. 

[The Church.] " On the oak screen separating the chancel from the 
Church at a considerable height is built a sett of pews for the exclusive 
use of Salthrop House and its domestics. The ascent is by a long 
flight of stairs from the chancel." Present Curate Mr. Price, "an 
opulent and beneficial clergyman, who with a wife and large family 
resides in the Vicarage House which he keeps very neat." 

Hiniton or Hinton Farva. 1812. Mr. John Jos. Goodenough, Curate. 
Plate : large silver flagon and lid, and two handsome salvers, the gift 
of Thos. Coker, D.D., Rector, 1719. One chalice and cover. Rector, 
Mr. Punier, non resident. Value of Rectory £700 per annum in gift of 
Bp. of Winchester. Service once on Sunday morning and afternoon 
alternately. H. Com. four times a year. Average number of com- 
municants 10. Population dr. 250. 

Luddington Prebend, Lnddington Vicarage. 1812. Curate, Mr. 
Warner, Vicar of Chiseldon. Plate: small silver chalice and cover, 
flagon and lid, and two plates of pewter. [The chalice and cover have 
disappeared. — E.H.G.] H. Com. four times a year. Average of com- 
municants 12. Population 400. Service alternately morning and 
evening on Sundays. Rector, Mr. Taylor. Vicarage worth about £170 
per annum. Vicar, Henry Taylor, s. of the Rector, resides at King's 
Somborn (Hants). "The Parsonage or Prebendal House is a mean 
stone and thatched building situated between the churchyard and the 
Vicarage. It is occupied as a farm house." " It was said that formerly 
here was a library or a good number of books at the Vicarage House, 
which being left unguarded and open to anyone are now all gone and 
lost." 

Wanborough. 1812. Curate, John Joseph Goodenough, resident in 
Vicarage House. Plate : small silver flagon and lid, given by Mrs. 
Hinton, 1638. Chalice and cover, 1577. Plate 1692. Present Vicar, 
John Hopkins, non resident. Vicarage House new and small. Service 
on Sundays twice in summer and once in winter, H. Com. four times 
a year. Thirty communicants. Population 600 — 700 (800 in 1814). 



I 



137 



EAST WILTSHIRE MOLLUSCA. 
By Cecil F. Hurst. 

Member of the Conchologfical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. 

One hundred and seventy species of British Land and Freshwater iM ollusca 
are given in the Conchological Society's latest list, and one hundred and 
twelve species are recorded in Mr. E. W. Swanton's " Mollnsca of Wiltshire'^ 
( Wilts Arch. Mag., xxxvi., 57, 1908). The "district " of the Marlborough 
College Natural History Society includes the country within a ten mile 
radius of the town, comprehending about sixty-two square miles, and 
within this area exactly one hundred species have been found ; eighty-three 
of these have come under my notice near Great Bedwyn, seven miles S.E, 
of Marlborough. It m.ay be mentioned that the area possesses twelve 
of the seventeen recorded British slugs and that the great desideratum, 
Limax tenellus, is still unrecorded. The following notes include species 
and varieties that were observed within a few miles of Great Bedwyn 
during 1919, the latter half of 1918, and the f].rst half of 1920. Perhaps the 
most interesting finds were the slugs Agriolimax laevis (seen in half-a-dozen 
localities) and Milax gagates (noticed at Eivar, and the rare little Vertigo 
shells, substriata and 2jygr)iaea, found under pieces of bark in Savernake 
Forest, these four molluscs all being new to the Marlborough district ; other 
noteworthy shells were the white- peristomed cream-coloured var^//a^o2;o/ia to 
of Helix nemoralis with translucent bands, occurring on the downs near Tid- 
combe, the beautiful brick coloured red-banded specimen of var. lateritiaoi 
//.?iemora/ts,from the same locality,and the vsir.subcarinata oiHelix hortensis, 
the shells showing distinct keels, seen on a bank m Brook Street, Great Bed- 
wyn, the last new to the British Islands. The occurrence of Helix pomatia^ 
Unamontana, and Clausilia Eolphii in tliQ neighbourhood indicates the 
southern latitude of the village, these shells being typical South of England 
species, absent from the North. On the 3rd Sept., 1919, 1 paid an interesting 
visit to a small hanging wood near Rivar, a hamlet about three miles south- 
west of Great Bedwyn, situated at the base of the chalk escarpment, which 
faces northwards. The day was very wet and the dripping beech trunks were 
swarming with the shells of seven species : — JLua obscura (plentiful), £J. 
montanainine shells observed), Clausilia laminata (abundant), C. laminata 
var. albina (rather plentiful, I took twenty-one shells of this pretty variety 
and noticed nine on a single trunk), G. bidentata (common), Hygromia 
striolata (common and the white var. alba not uncommon). Helix hortensis 
(rather common and ascending high, all white-lipped shells, a specimen 
with the uncommon band formula 10305 was noticed) and Helicigona 
lapicida (plentiful and typical). The shells were climbing the trees in order 
to feed on the cryptogamic plants, especially the minute algae (Pleurococcus) 
which occur on the bark, and I noticed the greater the growth of these, the 
more frequented the tree. It was interesting to observe the resemblance 
some of the shells bore to the low knobby excrescences that occurred on 
VOL. XLI. — NO. CXXXIII, L 



138 East Wiltshire Mollusca. 

the beech trunks, and on several occasions I took hold of these protuberances 
thinking I had found a specimen of Ena montana ; Clausilia laminata^ 
Hygromia striolata and especially Ena ohscura were also very deceptive in 
this way. Another feature was the large number of very small immature 
Helix hortensis, 2—3 mills, in diam, that were busily engaged on the tree 
trunks in the quest for food. A few specimens of the arboreal slug, Limax 
arhorum occurred, and I also noticed fine examples of L. maximus var. 
ferussaci (with spotted shield) and var, sylvatica (with blotched shield and 
longitudinal banding)'on the trees. These beeches were a great contrast to 
those in the Grand Avenue, Savernake Forest, where on a wet day with 
the exception of a stray specimen of Balea perversa not a single shell is 
visible though the tree trunks are swarming with the tree slug, Limax 
arhorum; on one occasion I counted fifty specimens on one tree and at 
another time forty on another, and very interesting specimens of Limax 
cinereo-niger are obtainable. The highly calcareous nature of the soil of the 
wood at Hivar consisting of rubbly chalk has probably something to do with 
the profusion of shelled molluscs. On the 1st Oct., 1919, during showery 
weather, I visited " Rivar Firs," a clump of beeches on the top of the 
escarpment a little to the west of the wood which has just been described ; 
here the trees were crowded with Ena ohscura and Clausilia hidentatay 
Helix hortensis was plentiful, and Hygromia striolata and its vars. alha 
ruhenSy alhocincta (five specimens) and danuhialis (five specimens) also 
occurred on the beeches, ^nd I even saw a specimen of Helicella caperata 
climbing. Among the H. hortensis noticed were vars. lutea^ conica, roseo- 
lahiata^ and the band formulae coalita (12345), 10045, and 12345, An 
addition to the arboreal species was Helix nemoralis, which I occasionally 
noticed on the same tree as H. hortensis and sometimes the species were in 
close proximity. Among the arboreal H. nemoralis observed were vars. 
olivacea (one specimen), castanea (two specimens), conica lutea 00300, 
fascialha ruhella 00300 (two specimens), petiveria, shell fawn-coloured (one 
specimen), and rubella, with band formulae 12345, 10345, 103(45), and 10300. 
Limax arhorum was plentiful on the beeches and very fine specimens were 
seen. Mr. F. Booth, of Shipley, in Yorkshire, sends me the interesting obser- 
vation that he is able to tell roughly from what part of the kingdom certain 
shells are derived, for instance, he says shells of Helicella caperata from the 
South of England have a more silky appearance than Yorkshire specimens, 
which are rougher and more strongly striated, and northern examples which 
he kindly sent me certainly bear out his statement ; he also mentioned that 
he had noticed the same thing with Hygromia striolata, Helix nemoralis, 
and H. hortensis. Similarly, poulterers are said to be able to discriminate 
between Yorkshire and Scottish grouse. It may be mentioned that a warm 
very wet day is the best time to look for land shells, Mr. L. E. Adams 
stating in his very interesting book on our terrestrial and .freshwater 
mollusca that some of his most successful days have been spent in pouring 
rain ; he also says that logs, large flat stones, pieces of old matting, and 
c abbage leaves form excellent shell-traps. My grateful acknowledgments for 
much kind help are due to Mr. J. W. Taylor, of Leeds, whose monumental 
Monograph has been much consulted in compiling the following notes, and 



. . By Cecil p. Hurst. 139 

also to Mr. E. W. Swanton, of Haslemere ; the latter's very useful ""British 
Non-Marine Mollusca " has been followed with regard to nomenclature and 
arrangement. Further information upon the local conchology may be 
obtained from my papers "Marlborough Land and Fresh Water Shells" 
( Wilts Arch. Mag., xxxix., p. 465,) and " East Wiltshire Mosses, Hepatics, 
and Land Shells " {Wilts Arch. Mag., xl., p. 231). It may be stated, with 
reference to the banding of Helix nemoralis and H. hortensis, that the 
normal five bands of these shells are numbered 1 2345 from above downwards, 
an absent band is represented by a nought (0), and when two or more bands 
are combined to form one, the numbers of the bands are placed in bracket?, 
for instance, (12)045 would denote that the first and second bands were 
• united, while the third band was absent ; this scheme for recording the 
number and arrangement of the bands was devised by the distinguished 
conchologist, Herr Georg von Martens many years ago. 7=North Wiltshire, 
and 8=South Wiltshire, the vice-counties being separated by the Kennet 
and Avon Canal, and var.=variety. 

Liinax maximus (Linn). 7, 8. A large handsome slug, occasionally 
found under stones, fallen pieces of bark, logs, etc., especially in damp and 
rainy weather. I noticed a specimen of vsiT.fasciata sub-var. Miilleri (iMoq.) 
which has two double rows of black spots on its back in Eivar Plantation 
on a very wet day, specimens of var. sylvatica (Morelet), which is generally 
taken as the type, in Hivar Plantation and Savernake Forest and a fine 
example of var. obscura (Moquin-Tandon), in which the longitudinal 
banding of the animal is indistinct, being obscured by the diffusion of the 
darker colouring, in Tottenham Park ; the last var. is recorded for Savernake 
Forest by Mr. Denison Eoebuck in the Journal of Conchology for 1st iVIay^ 
1918. L. cinereo-niger (Wolf.). 7, 8. I saw var. aterrima (Less. & Poll.),black 
with ochreous keel, and var. punctata (Lessona) ochreous colour striped 
black, in Foxbury Wood, and var. Maura (Held), animal entirely black, 
and var. hedleyi (Coll.), a form in which chocolate-black is the prevailing 
colour in Savernake Forest, and also in the Forest an immature specimen 
of the new variety, hrunnea-\- vera (Roohuck), with brown ground-colour and 
banding which Mr. Roebuck published in the Journal of Conchology for 
1st May, 1918 ; these vars. were kindly named by Mr. Taylor. Mr. Taylor 
also determined a specimen of var. luctuosa (Moq.) I found in the Forest ; 
in this var. the body and shield are black but the keel and dorsal line are 
sullied with a yellowish shade. L. tenellus (Mtiller). A keen look-out 
should be kept for this little slug in Wiltshire : it has been found 
in the New Forest. ' L. Jlavus (Linn.). 7, 8. A specimen sunning 
itself on a wall at Shalbourne on a bright winter's day in Jan., 1919: an 
example also observed crossing the road in Great Bedwyn village in July of 
the same year ; this large slug, with dull orange mottled body and violet ten- 
tacles, especially affects human habitations and buildings such as cellars and 
stables, and is nocturnal in its habits, concealing itself during the day and 
emerging at night to devour what refuse it can find. L. arborum (Bouchard- 
Chantereaux). 7, 8. Common imthe district ; a fine and interesting species, 
which is a great feature on the beeches of the Grand Avenue in Savernake 
Forest, where it abounds on the tree trunks during rainy weather. On 

L 2 



140 East Wiltshire Mollusca. ^ 

one very wet day I counted no fewer than fifty on one tree and on another 
occasion forty on a single trunk. I have also seen it on beeches at Ramsbury 
and Rivar. A few of the specimens from the Grand Avenue were placed 
by Mr. Swanton under var. bettonii (Sordelli), which has the lateral bands 
fused together but broken up by pale spots. The very soft and gelatinous 
body, pale ashy grey in colour, marks off this slug from other species. 
Agriolimax agrestis (Linn.). 7, 8. The common garden slug, cream-coloured 
and with milky slime, too abundant everywhere ; though not of generally 
arboreal habits, immature pale specimens coming under var. pallida 
(Schrenk), the typical unicolorous form of the species, were rather plentiful 
on beeches in Rivar Plantation during rainy weather ; I also saw an example 
climbing at Kamsbury. Var. nigra (Morelet), I found a specimen, referred 
to "very characteristic var. nigra" by Mr. Taylor, crawling on the road 
near Rivar in very wet weather ; the slug was practically entirely black, 
but the milky slime revealed its identity. Pale forms [var. pallida 
(.Schrenk.)] and darker more or .less reticulated forms [var. reticulata 
(Mliller)] are abundant throughout the district. A. laevis (M tiller). 7, 8. A 
small mahogany- coloured slug of very active habits, nearly always found 
by water, and so glossy that it has the appearance of having been varnished ; 
it was noticed in about half-a-dozen localities, beneath dead branches in 
Foxbury and Bedwyn Brails Woods, under planks by the Shalbourne 
Stream, near Shalbourne, among vegetation by a small watercourse 
near Stype Wood, and also in a reed bed north of the Kennet and Avon 
Canal near Froxfield ; it is supposed to be a rare Wiltshire species, being 
only recorded by Mr. Swanton from the borders of ponds near Stourton, 
but perhaps this is from a general lack of searchers in the county : it is 
quite new to the Marlborough list. 

Milax gagates (Drap.). Several specimen of the type in rainy weather 
under a large stone at Rivar ; by the old boundaries the locality was 
just in Berkshire, but the new borders place it well within Wiltshire, 
nearly two miles from the county boundary ; the old county limits having 
to be observed, the slug must be assigned to Berkshire, for which county it 
is a first record. 

Vitrina pellucida (Miiller). 7, 8. Rather common in this locality, 
especially prominent in the winter under pieces of bark in damp situations. 

Fitrea cellaria var. alhina (Moquin-Tandon). A quite characteristic 
specimen of this whitish var. occurred in the district, V. alliaria vd^r .viridula 
(Jeffreys). 7. An examprle in Savernake Forest, shell greenish-white 
{teste Swanton). V. pura (Alder). 7, 8. Bedwyn Brails Wood and Birch 
Copse, Savernake Forest ; occasionally found but by no means common ; 
the horn-coloured var. nitidosa (Gray) occurs in about equal numbers with 
the type, which is whitish. 

Zonitoides nitidus (Miiller). 7. A fair number of empty shells in a 
reed-bed with an abundance of living Hygromia granulata near Stagg's 
Lock, Froxfield, on the north side of the Kennet and Avon Canal. 

Arion ater (Linn.) 7, 8. The var. atra (Linn.) of this large black 
handsome slug, which is generally taken as the type, is common throughout 
the district. A curious feature is the occurrence in considerable numbers 



By Cecil P. Hurst. 141 

of the var. aterrima (Taylor), which has the foot-sole entirely black, while 
in the type the median area of the foot-sole is markedly paler than the side 
zones ; this is a mountain form which is sporadic in the lowlands. I have 
not yet traced out its distribution in this area with any accuracy, but it 
occurred in large quantities on a ba;nk by the canal at Great Bedwyn ; was 
rather plentiful, associated with Succinea putris in a little bog towards 
Crofton (specimens from this locality were kindly verified by Mr. Swanton); 
and I also noticed an example in Tottenham Park ; Mr. Swanton records 
this form from Edington. Var. castanea (Dum. & Mort.) was found in 
Foxbury Wood, while the brown var. hi-umiea (Roebuck) was rather 
common ; in Foxbury Wood were observed forms which approached the 
lead-coloured var. plumbea (Roebuck), and also a pale fawn-coloured slug, 
darker dorsally and with an orange foot-fringe which was near the amber- 
coloured var. succinea (M tiller), but which Mr. Taylor tells me has not yet 
been distinguished by a name. Chisbury Wood also produced the livid 
yellow sub-var. livida (Colb.) of the var. succinea (M tiller) and the sub- var, 
marginata (Moquin-Tandon), white or whitish with a yellow foot-fringe of , 
the var, alba (Linn ). Near Froxfield I noticed a specimen of the var. 
marginella (Schranck) which has a black body and shield with yellow or 
vermilion red foot-fringe. I saw specimens of A. ater climbing beeches 
near Rivar. Mr. Taylor mentions that the young of all the Arions 
are subject to great colour mutation during growth. A, suhfusctis 
(Draparnaud). 7, 8. A brownish slug which is common throughout this 
area under logs and sticks and in damp w^oods and other moist localities, 
and I distinguished vars. rufo-jusca (Drap.) and cinereo-fusca (Drap.) and 
characteristic specimens of the interesting var. ferussaci (Kaleniczenko), 
which is yellowish or orange, with lateral bands and dorsum greenish-grey 
and has a yellow foot-fringe; Mr. Taylor, who kindly named the vars., 
only gives one British record for var. ferussaci^ under planks near the 
bowling green at Welshpool, in Montgomery. A specimen of the orange 
sub-var, aurantiaca (Dum. & Mort.) of var. succinea (Bouillet) was noticed 
near Rhododendron Drive, iSavernake Forest. At Ramsbury and in the 
Grand Avenue, Savernake Forest, Avion subfuscus was observed climbing 
beeches. A. intermedins (Normand). 7, 8. An interesting little slug, 
generally called the " Hedgehog Snail"irom its being covered with pointed 
tubercles. It is rather common in the district and I have found it scattered 
through Savernake Forest and Tottenham Pa'-k and have also seen speci- 
mens near Stype Wood ; in other localities in the north of the Forest I saw a 
dark form which probably approached var. plumbea (Taylor). On the 17th 
Oct,, 1817, Mr. Charles Oldham found a few specimens of the type in the 
Forest which were recorded in the Census Authentications by Mr. Denison 
Roebuck in the Journal of Conchology for May, 1918. Specimens were, 
observed climbing beeches at Rivar in rainy weather, A. hortensis 
(Ferussac). 7, 8. Generally distributed and rather common in gardens and 
woods ; a very dark, almost black, specimen, coming under var. 7iigra 
(Moq.), was noticed near iihododendron Drive. A. fasciatus (Nilsson). 
7, 8. Common and widely spread under moss and logs and in damp places 
generally, and showing little variation. 



142 East Wiltshire Mollusca. 

Punctum pygmaeum (Drap.). 7, 8. Five living specimens under bark 
near Savernake Lodge, Savernake Forest, during Nov. and Dec, 1919, and 
a dead shell in Tottenham Park; thinly scattered through the district ; a 
fine example was found under a log in Wilton Brails wood by Mr. J. H . 
Adams. 

Sphyradium edentulum (Drap.). 7, 8. This tiny shell continues to be 
found sparingly in Savernake Forest in the wood through which Rhodo- 
dendron Drive runs. I also saw an immature living shell under bark near 
Savernake Lodge, in the Forest. 

Pyramidula rujjestris (Drap). 7, 8. A little species which I have been 
unable to find ; it was recorded for Great Bedwyn by Mr. Frederick 
Townsend about 1850 and should be looked for after rain on old walls, in 
the mortar of which it is often abundant. . 

Helicella virgata (Da Costa). 7, 8. Of the vars. of this common shell, 
the brown s^^6mar^^^ma^ (Jeffrey) and the white albicans (Grateloup) are 
very frequent near Great Bedwyn, the var, maculata (Moquin-Tandon) in 
which the bands are broken up into spots is not uncommon, and I found by 
a roadside between Ramsbury and the London and Bath Road a few speci- 
mens of the one-banded var. suhalhida (Poiret). H. itala (Linn ), 7, 8. 
A few shells of the white var. alha (Charpentier) occurred on a bank near 
Shalbourne, I also found a white shell near Folly Farm, Great Bedwyn ; 
the species itself is widely distributed and rather common on the chalk 
downs. Our form here, which is pale whitish-brown, is very markedly 
lighter in colour than deep-brownish shells from the vicinity of Eastbourne 
which I have recently examined. H. caperata (Montagu), 7, 8. The 
yellow var. lutescens (Pascal) was observed on a chalky roadside between 
Ramsbury and the London and Bath Road, and I found an immature ex- 
ample of the var. alba (Picard), shell pure white, near Great Bedwyn ; the 
type was seen climbing beeches at Rivar and Dod's Down. H. cantiana 
(Montagu). 7, 8. This very rare Wiltshire shell was plentiful among 
nettles by the roadside near Alton Barnes in May and June, 1919, but I 
only saw immature examples. Some years ago on a chalky bank near Shal- 
bourne, where this species occurs in large numbers, I found an example of 
the very rare var. pyramidata (Colbeau) with the shell of a somewhat 
pyramidal form ; the shell was a dead one, but it was a good specimen and 
exactly matched the figure in the Monograph ; this year (1920) on the same 
bank I took an example with a raised spire approaching var. pyramidata of 
which it may probably be regarded as an uncharacteristic specimen. The 
shells above Shalbourne are mostly var. alhocincta (Cockerell) approaching 
var. ruhescens (Moquin-Tandon) but 1 have seen the type near Rivar. 
Specimens from the bank at Shalbourne found in 1920 were named var. 
elevata (Williams) and var. depressa (Taylor) by Mr. Taylor ; only single 
records for each of these rare forms are given in the Monograph. 

Hygromia hispida (Linn.). 7, 8. An example of this common species 
was noticed climbing a small tree in Rivar Firs. Var. fusca (Moquin- 
Tandon). A specimen in Savernake Forest; Mr. Taylor wrote :—" The 
//. hispida I refer to the var. fusca ; it is the H. concinna of Dr. 
Jeffreys, the comparatively hairless flat and widely umbilicated form and 



By Cecil P Hurst. 143 

I have shown Linne's type specimens are this form. Your specimen could 
be regarded as var. depilata (Alder) but the shell is scarcely adult and I 
am inclined to regard a good submarginal rib as a subsidiary character 
of the form, the var. /wsca being a colour variety keeps us free from the 
the uncertainty." Var. nana (Jeflfreys). 8. Several specimens in rainy 
weather on the downs near Tidcombe ; shell small with depressed spire and 
strong white internal rib. Var. conica (Jeffreys), one characteristic living 
and one characteristic dead shell in liivar Firs; the spire is elevated in this 
var., and the shell smaller. H. striolata (C. Pfeiffer). 7, 8. Of this 
very abundant species, the //. rufescens of Pennant, the followings vars. 
were noted in addition to the common forms, ruhens (Moq.) shell more or 
less reddish, and alba (Moq.) shell white, which are recorded in my paper 
" Marlborough Land and Fresh Water Shells," referred to above : — Var. 
danuhialis ((Jlessin). fchells with raised spires are not uncommon in Rivar 
Firs, near Shalbourne, and M r. Taylor wrote : — " The H. striolata with the 
raised spire I refer to the var. danubialis of which the var. montana is 
practically a sub- var." Var. depressa (Taylor). A dead shell in a planta- 
tion near Rivar : Mr, Taylor wrote :— " The somewhat flat dead shell may 
be termed var. dej^ressa but is scarcely a characteristic specimen." I 
have found several much better-marked, shells near Rivar. Var. major 
(Taylor). A dead shell nearly 15 mills, in diameter near Rivar. Var. 
albocincta (Cockerell). Five splendidly marked specimens of this var., 
which is not uncommon in the district, were found in Rivar Firs ;.in this 
var. the shell shows a distinct white zone at the periphery. M,onstrosity 
subscalare (Williams). Several specimens with partially disjointed whorls 
near Rivar ; a specimen in my paper, " Marlborough Land and Fresh 
Water Shells," recorded as var. scalariforme would be better placed under 
monst. subscalare. 

Helicigona lapicida (Linn.). 7, 8. Plentiful on beeches during rain at 
Rivar, shells all typical. H. Arbustorum (Linn.). 7, 8. A well-marked 
specimen of var. conoidea (Westerlund) which also came under var. minor 
(Steenberg) was found in a hedgebank near Stype Wood ; I found a good 
living specimen of the rare white var. albina (Moquin-Tandon) in Rivar 
(Jopse, Inkpen, Berks, a few hundred yards away from our county boundary ; 
the discovery of this rare form so very near our borders is worthy of notice. 

Helix aspersa (.M tiller). 7, 8. A number of specimens of var unicolor 
(Moquin-Tandon) shell clear uniform fawn colour, and of vdi,v. flammea 
(Picard), shell with pale flammular markings which show a tendency to 
coalesce and form transverse bands alternating with darker areas, occurred 
in the garden of Ivy House, Great Bedwyn {teste Swanton) and I also 
noticed a small shell which showed some approach to s,\ih.-w?iv. acuminata 
(Baudon). H.ji'miatia {lAnw.). 7. Mr. Taylor kindly wrote about Rams- 
bury specimens : — "The shells (several in number) with pointed spire 
may be referred to var. acuminata (Baudon) ; one of the specimens may 
be referred to var. costellifera (Baudon) though not so strikingly developed 
as in the figure on plate xxi of my Monograph ; one or two can be 
placed under var. fasciata (Porro), though the markings are not very 
sharply defined." Mr. Swanton also kindly referred four specimens to 



144 East Wiltshire Mollusca. 

var. fasciatci and wrote : — " I think the dark pomatia are var. fasciata 
(Porro) rather than var. hrunnea (Moquin-Tandon). In hrunnea the 
banding is only faintly perceptible, in fasciata it is distinct and spiral ; 
English specimens are usually the sub. -var, hifasciata (Locard) shell 2- 
banded, as are yours." In another gathering, however, four of the shells 
from Ramsbury were referred to var, hrunnea (Moquin-Tandon) by 
Mr. Swanton. //. nemoralis (Linn.). 7, 8. This handsome banded 
Helix is probably wddely spread throughout the district in suitable locali- 
ties, being commoner than is usually supposed ; this is due to the fact that 
it lives chiefly in the recesses of woods and in colonies on isolated chalk 
downs far from human habitations, while the closely allied and much better 
known Helix hortenns seems to take a delight in establishing itself by 
frequented ways, in gardens, roadside hedges, and especially inhedgebanks 
and wayside banks in villages, etc., so that in summer, during and after a 
period of rain or during a spell of dampness or mist, it is very much brought 
into public notice. H. nemoralis and H. hortensis in common with most 
snails often appear before an impending shower, and therefore in a sense 
may be looked upon as country barometers ; this is especially the case in 
France where they are supposed to ascend the vineyard poles only short 
distances for transient show^ers, and the higher they climb the more pro- 
longed it is thought will be the storm. These two Helices vary interminably 
in the size and shape of shell, ground colour of shell, colour of bands, colour 
of lip, nature and arrangement of the banding, etc., and this endless series 
of combinations and variations forms an inexhaustible and most interest- 
ing study. A very large colony of Helix nemoralis was noticed on the chalk 
downs at about- 850 ft., half-a-mile west of Tidcombe, four-and-a-half miles 
south of Great Bedw^yn ; the shells occurred in great plenty over a con- 
siderable area among the tufts of heather and plants of the Stemless Thistle' 
(Gnicus acaulis) which grow on the downs at this place. The locality is 
very favourably situated near the top of the escarpment which faces north, 
the cool north wind bringing large supplies of the moisture so much beloved 
by molluscs, .The station was noticeable for the large proportion of unico- 
lorous shells, perhaps 60 or 70 per cent, being unhanded ; this fully agrees 
with the statement on p. 288 (vol. iii) of Mr. Taylor's Monograph: — 
" Distinctly and darkly banded shells are most prevalent in shady and 
umbrageous situations, amidst a luxuriant vegetation, and the absence of 
banding on the upper surface may possibly be correlated with dwelling 
in open, bright, and sunny situations." A very large number of band- 
less red [var. rubella (Picard)] and bandless olive-brown [var. olivacea 
(Pieard)] shells occurred, also a good number of the beautiful 
bandless yellow^ form [var, lihelhda (Kisso)], and fine specimens of 
var. lihellula 00300 were rather common. Other vars, noticed here were 
var. violaceolabiata (Taylor) teste J. W. Taylor (a beautiful form with lip 
of a purple or violet tint), of which several specimens were observed ; the 
only British records, for this var. given in the Monograph are from Char- 
minster, in Dorset, and from Donegal) ; vs^r. fuscolahiata (Taylor) teste E. 
W. Swanton (peristome and rib of a pale brown colour) of which about a 
dozen shells were noted, this is recorded for England in the Monograph 



By Cecil P. Hurst. 145 

for ten vice-counties ; var. himarginata (Picard) teste E. W.Swanton (shell 
with a brown or dark peristome, bordered interiorly with a milk-white rib) 
— several specimens seen ; a very characteristic example of var. minor 
(Moquin-Tandon), shell not exceeding 16 mills, in diam. ; and a few 
of var. conica (Baudon) shell with elevated spire, including a splen- 
did specimen of the sub- var. conoidea (Cless.) with spire still more 
raised, the specimen measured 19 mills, in height by 19 mills, in 
diam., and was yellow with a band formula 00345, but perhaps the most 
beautiful form was an example of var. lateritia (Dumont and' Mortillet) 
with the band formula 00300; the shell was bright brick-red, almost 
looking as if it had been painted, the band was also brick- red and was 
marked oflf from the ground colour by a lighter area above and below, so 
that the shell also came under var. fascialba (Picard), the peristome was 
very pale pink with an interior white rib. Very noteworthy shells also 
observed in the station near Tidcombe were five examples of var. hyalozonata 
(Taylor),«5es^f J. W. Taylor, with pure white peristomes ; this var. is described 
as having the bands colourless and transparent, and the condition of my 
specimen exactly agreed with the notes of Mr. E. Collier, quoted on p. 316 
(vol. III.) of the Monograph : — " This variety, according to the observations 
of Mr. E. Collier, has a very deciduous epidermis, the shell soon becoming 
weathered, and the light cream-coloured epidermis coming away in flakes, 
leaving the shell of a pure white with transparent bands." Mr. Taylor 
records black peristomed and pink peristomed shells of var. hyalozonata, 
and the white peristomes of the Tidcombe specimens are very interesting. 
Small colonies of H. nemoralis were noticed near ISt. Katharine's Church, 
in Savernake Forest, and near Timbridge Farm ; the latter locality produced 
var. coalita (Moq.), which is the form with all the bands fused into one 
broad girdle (a splendid specimen of this was also yielded by the Tidcombe 
station), a number of lihellula and rubella, several 00300 and 12345, one 
10345, and one 023(45). Fine specimens of the var. castanea (Picard) were 
noticed in Foxbury Wood and on trees at Rivar ; in this var. the shell is 
described as of a beautiful dark colour, approaching the tint of the horse 
chestnut. Near St. Katharine's Vicarage, in Foxbury Wood, and at Rivar, 
I noticed specimens of the extremely interesting var. fascialba (Picard), 
and a shell I sent to Mr. Swanton from the last locality was named by him 
rubella, conica, Sind fascialba, as including the characteristics of these three 
vars. ; Mr. Taylor says in var. fascialba the shell has a pale, more or 
less calcified and opaque peripheral band, usually on a darker but more 
translucent ground tint, which represents a former scheme of banding now 
lost by suffusion and degeneration, upon which the more modern bands are 
developed, the pale peripheral band really indicating the original or a more 
primitive ground colour. He goes on to say that this var. is one of the 
most interesting and suggestive of the whole range the species offers, and 
is evidently an atavic form ; Mr. Carrington has noted the pale central 
band as frequently present in South of England examples, and it is not 
uncommonly found around Great Redwyn. Two rubella shells with the 
very common band formula 00300 showed great irregularity in the pigmen- 
tation of the band. H. horte^isis (Miiller), 7, 8. This pretty banded shell 



146 East Wiltshire Mollusca, 

is very common around Great Bedwyn, especially by roadsides and in 
hedgerows, a bank by the Kennet and Avon Canal and a bank in Brook 
Street being especially prolific in interesting forms, and in the latter locality 
I found shells with distinct but not prominent keels, which Mr. Taylor 
referred to var. suhcarinata (Picard), new to the British Isles ; he wrote : — 
" I should certainly regard your specimens as var. suhcarinata ; I do not 
know of any other capture in this country," and of another gathering he 
wrote : — " The slightly keeled H. hortensis should certainly be classed with 
var. suhcarinata, the specimens are on the faint side." The ground colour of 
the shells was very pale yellow (var. lutescens) (Schmidt) and the band 
formula 10045 ; var. suhcarinata was first described from specimens found 
in the department of the Somme, in France, by Picard and the Monograph 
only records it from this locality. Afterwards on the same bank I noted 
an immature yellowish 10005 with a well-defined keel and two pale yellow 
10045 with not very well-defined keels and violet mouths. With regard to 
variations in form of shell, specimens with raised spires (var. trochoidea) 
(Clessin)) are not very uncommon and very chacteristic trochoidea lutea 
00000, trochoidea 12345, and trochoidea bicolor (Okll.) occurred. Size of 
shell— Mr. J. H. Adams found a shell 16 mills, in diam., and I found a 
specimen between 15 and 16 mills, in diam., both of these would probably 
be referred to var. minor (Moq.), or would be considered to approach it ; in 
this var. the diam. is 15 mills. With regard to variations in colour, the 
unicolorous var. lutea (Picard), shell described as of a more or less vivid 
yellow, was exceedingly common, and the sub-var. lutescens (Schmidt), in 
which the shell was of a paler and less brilliant yellow, which included many 
10005 and 10045, was not uncommon ; unicolorous shells of various shades 
of red, incarnata (Picard), bright rose colour, /a^ori^wi (Weinland), shell of 
the colour of dead beech leaves, which is supposed to be of some protective 
value, were quite frequent ; unicolorous fawn-coloured specimens coming 
under var. haudonia (Moq.) occurred ; about a unicolorous shell of a bluish- 
violet colour referable to var. lilacina (Taylor), from a bank near Shalbourne, 
Mr. Swanton wrote : — " The lilacina form of H. hortensis comes under sub- 
var. pallida (Cockerell),shell of a pale purplish or purplish-brown colour, and 
the shell is also interesting as it has transverse banding (var. midulata) 
(Taylor) and shows well the efi'ect of a severe blow." J found a fine specimen 
of var. lilacina in a chalk pit near Chilton Foliat, but this bluish- violet form 
is by no means common near Great Bedwyn ; specimens of the sub-var. 
grisea hrunnea (Esmark), shell greyish-brown, and hepatica (Esmark), 
shell liver-coloured, were occasionally found on the bank in Brook Street. 
With regard to variation in banding of shell, a few specimens of the un-, 
common var. midulata ( faylor), only recorded in the Monograph from four 
vice-counties,some quite characteristic, occurred on banks in Great Bedwyn; 
in this var. the spiral banding is broken up and fused together transversely 
at more or less regular intervals. Examples of the beautiful violet banded 
var. violaceozonata (Taylor) were very rare, this uncommon form is only re- 
corded in th^Monograph from South Devon, South- West York, and Belgium; 
var. rufozonata (Cockerell), which includes yellow shells with pale red-brown 
bands, were not uncommon, and various band formulae were noted, among 



By Cecil P. Hurst. 147 

them (12345) and (123)45 and a shell with raised apex, coming under var. 
conica. Shells with translucent unpigmented bands, var. arenicola (Mac. 
gillivray) occurred uncommonly, but specimens with imperfectly pigmented 
bands, assignable to var. lurida {Woq ), were not infrequent,and I noted band 
formula 123(45) and 10345, the former formula being apparently rather 
common with this type of banding. With regard to variations in colour of 
lip of peristome,var. roseolabiata (Taylor) shell with a pink or rose-coloured 
aperture is found, but is not common, but var. violaceolahiata (Taylor), 
shell with a purple or lilac lip is very noticeably frequent, occurring in 
yellowish broad and heavily-banded shells, and especially in reddish un- 
banded specimens of the incarnata type, the latter probably referable to 
var. Sauveuri (Colbeau) and I have violaceous peristomed shells with 
the following band formulae : —(12345) two specimens, (123)(45) three 
specimens, (12)(3(45) eight specimens, 12345 three specimens, (12)345 
and 10045, one specimen of each, and possibly in these the violet colour of 
the lip is due to excessive pigmentation, I also possess two rosy brown 
shells, which probably come under var, roseo-hepatica (Esmark) and have 
violet mouths ; the Monograph only records var. violaceolahiata from the 
three vice-counties of West Cornwall, North Somerset, and Northampton, 
and also from Germany and France ; a few specimens of var. fuscolahris 
(Kreglinger), shell with brownish aperture or lip occurred, but this form 
was very scarce ; about half-a-dozen examples, of the uncommon var. hi- 
marginata (Taylor) were seen, this var. has a coloured outer lip, bordered 
internally by a white rib and is only recorded in^ the Monograph from 
West Sussex and Mid West York. With regard to the band formulae, 
the commonest forms were, of course, lutea 12345 and lutea 00000; the 
var. coalita (Moq.), in which all the bands are fused together, was not 
uncommon; shells with formulae 123(45), 1(23)45, several 10305 (from 
Rivar, a quite uncommon banding), 103(45), and (12)345 were noted, 
and on the bank in Brook Street a specimen of 100(45) occurred and 
was kindly verified by Mr. Taylor, who states in the Monogra^ph that 
it is "quite scarce and is only reported from this country by Mr. J. F. 
Musham and Mr. S wanton." Another very interesting shell found in 
Great Redwyn and kindly verified by Mr. Taylor had a theoretically 
septemfasciate banding with formulae 1204455, the small figures denoting 
that small bands had been split off the normal fourth and fifth bands. I 
have also found in Great Bedwyn several shells with the formula 000(45), 
which Mr. Taylor says is quite rare in the British Isles and North America, 
and Mr. J. H. Adams noted Great Bedwyn specimens with formulae (12)345, 
(123)(45), 10:45, 10:(45), 1:345, and 123:5, the : indicating that the band it 
represents is only present in a weak or rudimentary condition. 

Ena montana (Drap.). I continue to find this rare species in Rivar 
Plantation and on the 1st July, 1920, which was very rainy, I saw about 
fifteen or sixteen crawling on the wet beech trunks, many of them being 
immature shells. E. ohscura var. alhina (Moq.). A few examples of this 
rare white shell occurred on beeches during rainy weather near Rivar, and I 
also found a living specimen under bark at " Rivar Firs" on 30th Dec, 1919. 
Jaminia cylindracea (DuCostsi). 7. A living specimen and two dead 



148 ^ Ead Wiltshire Mollusca, 

ones were found in the garden of Ivy House, Great Bedwyn, by Mr. J. H. 
Adams in March, 1920 ; a very local shell in Wiltshire. J. muscorum 
(Linn.). 8. A living shell under a piece of wood near a dewpond on the 
downs near Wexcombe, the only example of this species I have seen in 
Wiltshire. Mr. F. Townsend found it at Great Bedwyn about 1850, and 
Mr. Swanton records it as locally abundant in the county. 

Vertigo substriata (J eOireys). 7. Three perfect living specimens under 
bark near Savernake Lodge ; a very rare Wiltshire shell only known 
hitherto at "Round way Hill, Devizes, where it was observed by Miss 
Cunnington and the Rev. J. E. Vize. V. pygmaea (Drap.). 7, 8. A per- 
fect living specimen under bark near Savernake Lodge ; an immature 
living shell under a small log in Foxbury Wood ; also a very rare Wilt- 
shire species only recorded from the banks of the Kennet and Avon Canal 
near Trowbridge, where it was noticed by the Rev. J. LC. Vize, and from 
Devizes where it was seen by Mr. Charles Oldham. 

Balea perversa (Linn.). 7. A shell under a fallen branch in Tottenham 
Park ; very local in the district, a solitary species that lives on the bark of 
trees. 

Clausilia laminata (Montagu). 7, 8. Widely distributed and rather 
common in woods around Great Bedwyn. Var. albina (Moq.), I have 
taken altogether about 116 specimens from the beeches in Rivar plantation 
of this pretty var. during rainy weather; on 1st July, 1920, I took 33 
examples and on another day noticed 9 shells on a single beech trunk ; upon 
another occasion I saw the type and var. albina pairing, and a dozen pale 
yellowish semi-transparent shells I possess are probably the result of such 
a union. Two specimens of var. albina occurred in Foxbury Wood. C. 
Rolphii (Leach in Turton). 7, 8. I noted 802 examples of this very rare 
Wiltshire shell in a hedgebank near Stype Wood ; a number of these came 
under var. curia (Jenner) teste J. W. Taylor which Mr. Taylor tells me is 
broadly identical with var. Mortilleti (Dumont) and with var. injiata (Pas- 
cal) ; Mr. Taylor writes : — " The Clausilia Rolphii in the less ventricose 
form is more closely approximate to the type than the obese shape — the 
dimensions given by continental and British authorities average 12 X 3i 
mills — the obese shape is the var. curta of Jenner, these are shorter and 
slightly more ventricose than the type"; about the abundant iiz^caiWc/ens 
with which the Clausilia Rolphii is associated in this locality, Mr. Taylor 
wrote : — '' These seem all to be the prevalent British form var. nouletiana, 
the continental type is not common in this country." 

Succinea putris var. albida (Morch). 8. A specimen by the side of the 
Kennet and Avon Canal near Little Bedwyn ; Mr. Taylor wrote: — "The 
shell may be regarded as var. albida though not so characteristic as it is 
usually found ; wherever anatomically verified-i6'. elegans is always more 
slender than S. putris, which is usually much broader whorled." 

Limnaea auricularia (Linn.). 7, 8. This large Limnaea with inflated 
body whorl is particularly abundant near Great Bedwyn in the Kennet and 
Avon Canal, on the surface of which dead shells may of ten be seen floating. 
L. pereger var. ovata (Drap.). 8. Plentiful on the muddy edges of a pool 
at the source of the Shalbourne ; Mr. Taylor wrote : — " Broadly all are the 



By Cecil P. Hurst, 149 

more narrow and pointed spires approach var. acuminata." Var. maritima 
(Jeffreys), 8. Plentiful in a dewpond on the downs near Tidcombe ; Mr. 
Swanton wrote : — " I should call it a minor form of the var. maritima but 
the numerous forms of this protean species are troublesome to diagnose 
with certainty." L stagnalis (Linn.), 7, 8. Swarming in the dewponds 
on the downs near Alton Barnes and varying much in size ; a not very 
characteristic example of var. lahiuta (Jeffreys) with expanded outer lip 
was noticed ; in one of the dewponds the shells were all eroded along the 
growth lines due to living in soft water, indicating the very impervious 
nature of the clay lining of the pond. 

Physa fontinalis {\An.u). 7,8. Plentiful on soft mud at the source of 
the Shalbourne stream, near Shalbourne. 

Valvata piscinalis var. depressa (C. Pfeiffer). 8. A single specimen with 
a large number of the type among weed in a watercourse near Froxfield ; 
Mr. Taylor wrote : — " The Valvata though perhaps not quite mature is 
var. depressa ; it somewhat resembles the new British species Valvata 
macrostoma but is much more narrowly umbilicated." 

Pomatias elegansiMiiWer). 7,8. A shell of the var. ochroleucum (Des 
Moulins) occurred in a hedgebank in Brown's Lane, Great Bedwyn ; Mr. J. 
H. Adams in the Report of the Marlborough College Nat. Hist. Soc. for 
1915 mentions there is a specimen in the College Museum collected by 
VVoolner. In the same hedgebank I also found a few examples of the var. 
violaceum (Des Moulins) which were kindly named by Mr, Taylor, who 
tells me this var. is described as brown-violet without bands or other mark- 
ings and slightly transparent ; it appears to be unrecorded for Wiltshire. 



Addenda. 



Additional Great Bedwyn vars. recently (August, 1920) named by Mr. 
Taylor include the slugs Arion iyitermedius var. normalis (Moq.) and var. 
plumhea (Oollinge), both from Savernake Forest, and the shells Helix 
nemoralis var. undulata (Gentil.), and H. hortensis vars. depressa (Baudon), 
isahellina (Esmark), lutea-lurida (Swanton), one example, shell yellow 
blotched with lilac, and roseozonata (Cockerell), one specimen, a beautiful 
form with rose-coloured banding ; these vars, appear to be new to Wiltshire. 
I found a shell of Helix hortensis var. arenicola with the rare formula 00005, 
but there were slight traces of othQr bands, especially towards the suture. 
A specimen of the common little species, Cochlicopa luhrica^ not generally 
arboreal in its habits, was observed on a beech at Rivar ;during rainy 
weather. 

Mr. Taylor referred three examples of the slug Limax cinereo-niger from 
Savernake Forest, "as far as they could be determined " to " wsiV.Jlavescens 
(Westl.) with the darker mantle of var. cinerea (Moq.)" ; in the Mo7iograph, 
var. ovata, but they may be split up somewhat, that is the three with the 



150 East Wiltshire Mollusea, 

var. Jlavescens is only recorded from Sweden and var. cinerea from Galway, 
France, and Italy. Mr, Taylor writes : — " Specimens are rarely exactly 
conformable to the descriptions, and a certain degree of latitude is necessary 
in nearly every instance. As it is probable that no two objects are exactly 
alike, it is not surprising that the individuals of so complexly organised a 
creature as a slug should show so many and various shades of difference." 
With regard to naming the vars. of Helix hortensis, he wrote : — " It is very 
difficult when the variation is not perfectly decided to satisfactorily decide 
the form to which they rightfully belong, thus we have few links between 
very distinct, many more between closely allied species, and still very many 
more between varieties, especially those varying in similar direction, as 
colour, shape, sculpture, etc. 

Limax maximus vdr.ferrusaci sub. -var. punctata (Esmark). A character- 
istic specimen of this sub.-var. which has the body and shield sparsely 
dotted with black spots occurred under planks near Savernake Lodge, 
Savernake Forest, near which I also found a very pretty example of Helix 
memoralis var. libellulo- rubella {Gockerell) which has the apex of the shell 
yellow and the body whorl pink, the specimen showed traces of the normal 
five bands. 



151 



THE EXCAVATION OF A LATE-EOMAN WELL AT 
CUISrETIO (MILDENHALL). 

By J. W. Brooke, F.S.A. Scot., F.R.N.S. 

During January, 1912, Alderman Robert Butler, C.C.. J.P. , of Stitchcombe, 
Mildenhall, Marlborougli, informed me that a hole had appeared in the 
"'Black Field,"near the galvanized cattle shelter, which was probablya Roman 
well, the site being that of the Roman Oppidum " Ounetio " Five of us 
commenced the re-opening of the well, on February 12th, 1912, and we 
continued the work for eleven days — and a twelfth was devoted to re-filling. 
From actual measurements the bore was 3ft. llin. and the depth reached 
was 67ft. lin. ; at this depth work had to be abandoned because the released 
springs rose some 2ft. 6in. I probed the bottom and it seemed solid and 
undisturbed. 

The position of the well is approximately 12 chains east of Cock-a-troop 
Lane to Werg and 3 chains north of the narrow road under Upper Cunetio 
— known as Chopping Knife, which leads out of the London Road near the 
railway bridge and continues to Stitchcombe. The measurements are due 
north and east (as above) at the apex of a right angle. The field is No. 
295 in the 25 inch Ordnance Survey. 

The objects discovered are of much interest — though fragmentary. They 
have a range of some one hundred and eight years as shown by the coins 
found, viz., from 267 to 375 A.D. The well may have been in use before 
. the former year, the stalagmitic incrustation noted suggesting antiquity. 

The pottery was of unusual variety and beauty, consisting of Samian 
ware, some with raised patterns, some enamelled Silchester and New Forest 
wares, and local red, yellow, and grey pottery, possibly from the kilns near 
The Column, in Savernake Forest. As, however, Mrs. Cunnington is 
printing notes on the most interesting fragments it is not necessary to 
describe them further here. 

Oyster shells and shells of Helix pomatia and the indigenous snails were 
plentiful. Animal and birds' bones were in abundance, and appeared to 
be of the usual domestic class, ox, deer, sheep, pig, rabbit, &c. Several 
fragments of glass were obtained, some showed beautiful iridescence. 

The metal relics consisted of parts of fibulae, bronze styli, pins, portions 
of a chain similar to a modern watch chain, the bowl of a spoon, ingots of 
lead and copper, an iron socketed spud, small silver finger ring, and a variety 
of iron nails and remains of tools or implements. Evidences of building 
materials were very noticeable, in perforated roof and pan tiles, thin Roman 
building bricks, hypocaust tiles, and squared freestone. 

During the excavations, now and again, the buckets disgorged small 
masses of a brownish fibrous mass — they had the semblance of decayed wood, 
especially elm, but in one lump I found two clasp-like bits of iron ; these. 



152 21ie Excavation of a Late-Roman Well at Cunetio {MildenJiall). 

later, I identified at the British Museum as being sandal cleats, therefore 
the fibrous matter was most probably the decayed leather of sandals. 

I append a list of the Emperors whose coins were brought to light, and, 
in doing so, I would like to record the fact that sometimes coins were thrown 
into wells, not singly, but several were enclosed in some woven material, as 
a studied tribute or oflPering. Four bunches of coins were found corroded 
together, and in their drop the piles became out of alignment, which made 
them serrated. Two of the bunches were quinarii of Julian the'ThilosQpher," 
one bunch contained seven pieces and the other four. 

All the coins are of common type and legend, the mint letters and marks 
in the exergue assign them to the Byzantine capital as a whole.' 



Tetricus II. 


267- 


-273 


A.D. 2 coins 


M 3 


Licinius I. 


. 307- 


-323 


1 „ 


M 3 


Constantine I. 


306- 


-337 


1 „ 


M 3 


Constantinoplis 






2 „ 


M 3 


Constantine II. 


337- 


-351 


10 „ 


M 3 


Constans 


337- 


-350 


4 „ 


M 3 


Constantius Gallus 


351- 


-354 


1 Follis 




Julian II. 


360- 


-363 


13 coins 


AR 


Valentinian I. 


364- 


-375 


37 „ 


M 3 


British 






3 „ 


PA 


Gaulish imitations 






4 „ 


AR & M 


Undecipherable 






22 „ 


M 3 



100 

From the results of my investigations I am of opinion that the well was 
closed down just after the Csesership of Valentinian I., circa 375 A.D., for 
his successor, Theodosius, assumed the purple twenty years and was 
succeeded by Honorius as Emperor of the Western Empire. With Honorius, 
as evidenced by coins, Roman occupation ceased at Cunetio, and I think the' 
well was levelled in by Britons. All the relics mentioned (excepting the 
coins) are in the Brooke Collection at Devizes Museum. 



' A complete list of types and legends has been prepared should any 
enthusiast desire one. — J. W. B. 



153 



NOTES ON THE POTTERY FROM A WELL ON THE SITE 
OF '' CUNETIO " [MILDENHALL], NEAR MARLBOROUGH. 

By Mrs. M. E. Cunnington. 

Included among the antiquities purchased from Mr. J. W. Brooke in 
1916, and now in the Museum at Devizes, was a collection of fragments of 
pottery that had been found by Mr. Brooke in a well opened^by him in 1912, 
on the Romano- British site known as "Lower Cunetio," in Black Field, 
Mildenhall, near Marlborough. 

The Rev. E. H. Goddard, who looked through the pottery in 1918, found 
that there were 989 fragments, representing at least 217 vessels. From the 
fact ithat very few pieces could be fitted together, and in only one instance 
more than three pieces of one vessel, Mr. Goddard came to the conclusion 
that the well had been filled up from an already existing rubbish heap, and 
that nearly whole or broken vessels were not thrown direct into the well. 

Any collection of pottery found in such a situation that is likely to 
have been accumulated within a comparatively few years has a certain 
value for purposes of comparison, but the chief interest of this collection is 
that it includes an unusually large proportion of scarce and late types of ware. 
Among these are fragments of at least eight bowls of a fine red colour- 
coated ware ornamented with series of rosettes or demi-rosette-like figures 
stamped on the vessels before baking. There are also fragments of at least 
ten bowls of the same ware ornamented with scroll patterns in white slip 
painting, and of at least twenty with roulette notching or "engine turned " 
ornament. It used to be thought that the pottery with rosette-stamped 
ornament was all imported, but it is now known that this type of ware was 
made in kilns at Ashley Rails, in the New Forest, and at Sandford, near 
Oxford.* Fragments of this stamped ware have been found on many 
Romano-British sites, but always so sparingly that it seems it could never 
have been made here, or imported, in great abundance. There are, for 
example, some thousands of sherds of pottery in the Society's Museum at 
Devizes, but except that from the well only two fragments of the rosette 
stamped variety. 

Only twenty-two pieces are cited among the mass of pottery found at 
Silchester and now at Reading. In the British Museum " Catalogue of 
Roman Pottery " (1908) only sixteen fragments are listed. Even at Ashley 
Rails, where it was made, there seems to have been no great accumulation,^ 

1 A Descriptive Account of the Roman Pottery made at Ashley Rail s^ New 
Forest. Heywood Sumner, 1919. Nothing has as yet been published on 
the finds at Sandford. 

2 Single fragments of rosette-stamped ware have been found also on the 
Romano- British site at Mother Antony's Well, near Devizes, under the 
steyning stones of a filled-in well near All Cannings, and a piece in Mr. 
Passmore's Collection, at Swindon, from a filled-in well at Aldbourne. 
VOL. XLI. — NO. CXXXIII, M 



154 Notes on the Pottery from a Well on the site of " Cunetio." 

The red coated ware from the well is very like that from Ashley Rails as 
to the form of the bowls and decoration, but the material seems to differ, 
so it is not likely to have been made there. The ware is of a fine quality, of 
a bright red colour, grey where imperfectly burnt ; it contains a quantity of 
a fine micaceous sand and occasional black specks ; the surface is smooth 
and bright, but does not appear to have been glazed. Apparently the 
vessels were dried to the condition known as " biscuit," then covered with 
a very fine coating or "engobe" of the same kind of clay and then fired in 
the usual way. On some pieces this coating is of la very appreciable 
thickness and apt to shale ofi".^ 

As this xed coated ware from, the well seems to be all made of the same 
kind of clay it probably all came from the same kilns, or at least the same 
centre of production, and the three methods of ornamentation seem to have 
been in use simultaneously. This is supported by evidence from Ashley 
Rails, where stamped, roulette notched, and painted scroll patterns were 
found on the site of the kilns, although the evidence pointed to the kilns 
not having been in use for any great length of time. 

Pottery with the rosette-stamped ornament has been generally referred 
to the 5th century A.D. on evidence apparently derived from the Continent, 
but from the later though still scanty evidence as yet forthcoming from 
British sites it seems probable that it was in use here at least as early as 
about the middle of the 4th century. 

From the evidence of the coins from the " Cunetio " well it seems that 
the well must have been filled up about the year 3V5 A.D. ; thirty- 
seven coins of Valentinian I. (364 to 375) were found, but not one of Gratian 
or any later Emperor : and as second and third brass of Gratian are usually 
plentiful it seems improbable that the well was open long after this date. 

At Ashley Rails, where it is now known that this type of pottery was 
made, very few coins were found, the latest being Constantine the Great 
(306 to 337). It is believed that the New Forest potteries as a whole were 
worked during the latter part of the Roman occupation, but not beyond it, 
that is to say, not after about the end of the 4th or beginning of the 5th 
century .2 A single fragment of this ware found at Hengistbury Head is 
attributed to the 4th century ; but the conditions of the site do not seem 
to have lent themselves to any great exactitude of record, {Hengistbury 
Report, p. 27, Site 36.) 

General Pitt-Rivers records having found one piece of pottery with 
rosette ornament in Bokerley Dyke and three in the adjoining settlement 
of Woodyates ; the latest coins were of Arcadius and Honorius. None of 
this ornament was found at Woodcuts or Rotherley, where the coins ended 
with Magnentius and Tetricus. The relics found in the dyke were derived 
from the older settlement of Woodyates, which seems to have come to an 

1 For further details of method see " The Pottery Found at Silchester." 
Thos. May, 1916. The admixture of charcoal was perhaps a matter of 
tradition in British pottery making ; it is often very noticeable in cooking 
pots of the " bead rim " type, and in Bronze Age pottery. 

2 " Pottery Found at Silchester,'' p. 133. 



By Mrs. M. E, Cimnington, 155 

€nd before the dyke was made. All the objects found in the settlement 
were Romano-British, and it is doubtful if it continued to be inhabited 
much after the end of the 4th or early 5th century.^ 

There is in the Colchester Museum (Joslin Coll. Grave Group No. 75) a 
small bowl of red ware with stamped ornament of demi-rosettes very 
similar to^^. 2, pi. II. It was found with two single-handled jugs of a 
type that has been dated to the end of the 4th or beginning of the 5th 
century, with the conical bung-shaped foot similar to those from the well 
{fgs. 4-5, pi. IV.). 

The fourth vessel of the group is a small bulbous beaker probably of 4th 
century date. Mr. A. G. Wright, of the Colchester Museum, who has 
kindly given a description of the vessels states that this beaker resembles 
type 86, pi. LTI., of the Silchester pottery referred to the end of the third 
century, but that the Colchester beaker is of rather later type on account 
of its smaller straighter foot. It resembles .^(7. 6, pi. I. The two jugs are 
decorated in white slip, the pattern on one being nearly identical with that 
of, /ig. 2, pi. III. 

A number of fragments of the red coated ware were found in excavations 
on the Roman site.at Pevensey in 1906 — 8, the vessels found^ of this ware 
seem to closely resemble those from the well and are ornamented in the 
same style, both with stamped rosettes and painting in white slip. 
Altogether a very large quantity of pottery was found including some of 
the 4th century " Marne " ware. The coins found ranged from Gallienus 
(254) to.Gratian(375).2 

Thus it seems that, while it is not proved on the evidence as yet available, 
there is at least considerable reason for suspecting that this ware was in 
use in Britain during the last half of the 4th century ; if this conjecture is 
eventually confirmed our British wares cannot have been imitated from the 
Continental examples of 5th century date. M. Decheiette speaks of the 
Continental stamped ware with which the British stamped wares have been 
compared, as belonging rather to the Merovingian than to the Roman period 
although some was made in Gaul before the fall of the Empire. After re- 
viewing the evidence in detail M. Decheiette sums up by saying " II resulte 
de I'ensemble de ces faits que la poterie de la Gaule a decor estampe peut 
etre attribuee au V sifecle." 

It is a remarkable fact that all the Continental finds of this particular 
stamped ware recorded by M. D6chelette, and in comparison with which 
our British finds seem to have been dated, are in the south far away from 
any parts near Britain, namely, Bordeaux, Narbonne, the Auvergne, Mar- 
seilles, Poitiers, Provence, and at Yverdon (Vaud), in Switzerland. M. 
Decheiette makes a special point that the area of distribution of "ces 
curieuses poteries estampees " coincides with that of the Gothic territory, 
all the finds having been made where Gothic influence was predominant, as 



^"Excavations," II., pp. 14. 64, 152, U9,Jig. II. : p. 142,/.^. 9; p. 149 
%s. 7 and 8. 

^ "Sussex Arch. Coll.", vol. LI. and LII. 

M 2 



156 Notes on the Pottery from a Well on the site of " Cunetioy 

at Bordeaux, Poitiers, Toulouse, Narbonne, etc., and that a vain search had 
been made for it in Frankish or Burgundian regions.^ 

While the various continental finds all bear a strong resemblance to each 
other and form apparently a distinctive and characteristic group, no piece 
showing these distinctive characteristics seems ever to have been found in 
Britain. While some of the rosette-like ornamentation bears a considerable 
resemblance to that found in Britain, the group as a whole as compared 
with the British group as a whole seems very unlike. 

The majority of that found on the continent is black, rarely red, and the 
black glaze is spoken of as having been laid on with a brush, whereas tiie 
British examples are nearly all red or reddish, and do not as a rule seem to 
have been treated with a brush. All, or nearly all, the vessels found in 
Britain seem to have been bowls of various types while on the continent 
flat open dishes seem to occur frequently. M. Dechelette states that while 
the group of pottery is much alike with regard to technique and ornamenta- 
tion generally, it can nevertheless be divided into two distinct series, one 
symbolic bearing Christian symbols and made for religious or sepulchral 
use, the other non-symbolic for domestic use. The ornamentation on both 
series seems altogether much more elaborate and varied than that on 
British examples ; it includes figures of animals, human heads, arcading, 
medallions, various leaves, and personal names. With the possible ex- 
ceptions of a fragment found at Silchester, bearing a rude figure of a cross 
and dots within a circle, and a cross ornament on a sherd from Ashley 
Rails, symbolism is apparently unknown on British examples. 

Thus both as to date, area of distribution, and detail of form and orna- 
mentation, it is difficult to see how the British ware could have been 
derived from this particular group of southern Gaulish pottery described by 
M. Dechelette, as seems to have been generally assumed. May not the 
British group rather have been derived independently and directly from 
imported Samian ware, the forms of the bowls is certainly taken from these 
models and it seems that the rosette may well have been copied from the 
same originals. It has been already suggested that the " multiple arch "- 
design that occurs on some of the pieces from Ashley Rails is derived from 
the egg and tassel ornament so often seen on Samian bowls (" Ashley Rails'^ 
p. 21). The rosette or star-like ornament also appears on many of these 
bowls, and even the figure of a cross within a circle is not unknown.^ 

^ M. Dechelette perhaps overlooked a small bowl with rosette-stamped 
ornament found at Staples, illustrated by C. Roach Smith in " Collectanea 
Antiqua" vol I., pt. IV., fig. I., and quoted by Hey wood Sumner m^'' Ashley 
Rails,'' p. 19. 

2 See " Catalogue of Roman Pottery in the British Museum^''' M1009, 1015, 
1031, 11V8, 1274, 1351, 1441, and many others : for cross and circle see 
M2548, fig. 250. For M. Dechelette's account of the continental stamped 
ware see "Zes Vases Ornes de la Gaule Romaine^' vol. II., p. 327. From 
evidence derived from his excavations at Ashley Rails Mr. Heywood 
Sumner has already suggested that the dating of the British rosette stamped 
ware might need revision. Ashley Rails, p. 16. 



Plate I 




= 






^^^^1 




^— 


\ 




Pottery from a Well on the Romano-British Site at 

MiLDENHALL (" CuNETlO "). ^ 



Plate IL 




%i^^^ 




Pottery from a Well on the Romano-British Site at 

MlLDENHALL (" CuNETIO "). 4 



Plate III. 






Pottery from a Well on the Romano- British Site at 

MiLDENHALL (" CuNETIO "). h 



Plate IV. 




Pottery from a Well on the Romano-British Site at 

MiLDENHALL ("CuNETIo"). J 



By Mrs. M, E, Gunnington, 157 

PLATE T. 

1. — Pieces of five or six bowls of this type (standard Form 38, nearly) of 
red coated ware were found. In two cases the overhanging rims were 
ornamented with scroll patterns in white slip ; the pattern on one of these 
is shown on fig. 7 ; on the other rim the pattern was too indistinct to be 
made out. One bowl of this type with pattern in white slip on the over- 
banging rim, as shown in this figure, is of very hard grey ware (it gives a 
ringing sound when struck) with a purplish brown metallic coating. New 
Forest ware ? 

2. — One piece of a bowl of this type of red coated ware (standard Form 
45 nearly) was found ; on the upright rim it has a pattern in white slip, as 
shown. 

3. — The majority of the red coated ware, however ornamented, is of this 
type of bowl (approximating to standard Form 29), with a sharp keel or 
angle round the body. 

4. — Two or three pieces of red coated ware seem to have belonged to 
bowls of this type. (Approximating to standard Form 67.) 

5.— Fragments of three or four beakers of this type were found, all ap- 
parently of New Forest ware, but none of red coated ware. One beaker 
of hard grey ware with purplish coating has white slip ornament, as shown 
in the illustration. 

6. — Two or three beakers of pinkish ware brown-coated, of this type 
occurred. New Forest ware 1 
• 7.— See fig. 1. 

8 — 11. — Kim sections of mortaria. Fragments of at least ten mortaria 
were found. 

PLATE IL 

1, — Fragment of bowl. Roulette notching below rim ; round shoulder a 
raised band or cordon with series of quarter rosettes, below this demi- 
rosettes stamped across two raised bands ; apparently the same stamp was 
used to get the quarter and demi-rosettes, and as it was not held with 
sufficient care every now and then the demi rosette appears instead of the 
quarter rosette on the upper band, the lower half of the stamp encroaching 
on the plain surface. Kim diam. about 6in. Form nearly that of fig. 4, 
PI I. 

2. — Fragment of small bowl with stamped demi-rosettes, ware thin with 
the impression of the stamping showing on the inside ; moulded rim. Rim 
diam. about 6in. Form nearly as fig. 3, PI. I. 

3.— Fragment of small bowl with stamped demi-rosettes, ware thin, 
showing impression of the stamps on the inside. Rim diam. about 42in. 
Form nearly as fig. 3, PI. I. 

4. — Fragment of small bowl with fine roulette notching. Form nearly 
thatof fig. 3, PI. 1. 

5. 6. 7. 8. — Fragments of bowls with stamped rosettes and demi- 
rosettes. 

All these are of red coated ware with the exception of fig. 6, which is of 
pinkish ware with a pale brown coating, probably New Forest ware. 



158 Notes on the Pottery from a Well on the site of " Cunetio," 

PLATE III. 

Figs. 1 to 8 are of red coated ware. 

1. — Fragment of bowl with scroll pattern in white slip and roulette 
notching below rim and angle of body. Kim diam. about 5in. Form ap- 
proximately as fig. 3, PL I. 

2. — Similar bowl without roulette notching. 

3. 4. 5. 6. — Fragments of similar bowls. 

'7. — Piece of a bowl ornamented with large dots in white slip and a raised 
•moulding an inch below the rim. Facets on the moulding and rim have 
been ground down fiat and smooth. Rim diam. about 7in. Form perhaps 
nearly that of fig. 3, PI. I., but the upper part from angle to rim is deeper 
than in the other examples. 

8. — Piece of a small bowl with stamped circles. Rim diam. about 4in. 
Form nearly as fig. 3. PI. 1. 

9. — Fragment of a vessel with stamped ornament of pinkish ware with 
light brown coating. Perhaps part of a beaker approximating to fig. 5, PI. 1. 
New Forest ware. For similar pattern see ^^ Ashley Bails,'" PI. V.. 4. 

10. — Piece of a bowl of " Marne" ware ornamented with sunken squares. 
Apparently of the standard Form 37. This is the only piece of this kind 
of ware from the site. It is harder, better baked, and of a rather more 
orange tinge than the red coated wares. 

Marne ware is described as a poor and late kind of Samian (terra sigillata) 
made in Gallia Belgica (the Marne district of northern France, from whence 
it derives its name) in the 4th contury A.D. It seems to be rarely found 
in Britain. There are several bowls of this ware in the Morel Collection 
in the British Museum from the Marne district, one with the sunken square 
pattern similar to our fragment {Cat. of Roman Pottery^ Ml 80, p. 80) \ 
only three fragments in the British Museum are catalogued (1908) as having 
been found in Britain, one of these also has the sunken square ornament. 
(M2461, p, 395). Fragments have also been found at Silchester and Pevensey. 
See Pottery found at Silchester, p. 99, Sussex Arch. Soc. Coll. LII., p. 92. 
and for a general description Les Vases ornes de la Gaule Romaine, vol. II. > 
p. 325. 

PLATE IV. 

1.— Part of a large pitcher of grey ware with lines drawn with a blunt 
point on the soft clay radiating from the neck down over the shoulder. 
Diam. of rim 3fin. 

2. — Piece of thick grey ware with combed lines. 

3. — Rim fragment of vessel (a jar 1) of black ware with combed lines on 
unpolished surface, contrasting with highly polished zones. 

4. 5. — Two bases of beakers, characteristic of late 4th or early 5th 
century date, of pinkish ware, brown coated. New Forest ware 1 

6.~Fragment of cooking pot ? of coarse grey gritted ware. This is an 
uncommon type in Wilts and only two pieces were found in the well. 
It has been described as a typical 4th century domestic ware in the 
northern part of the British Province ; a similar ware has been found 
at Wroxeter. See "The Roman Fort at Huntcliffe, near Saltburne," in 
Journal of Roman Studies, vol. II., Pt. 2, p. 228. 



Bij Mrs, M. E, Ciinnington. 159 

7. — Handle of grey ware. 

8. — Piece of large bowl of red coated ware with moulded rim and roulette 
notching. Form apparently nearly that of fig. 3, PI. I. 

OTHER WARES. 

Samian Ware. 

Eleven fragments of what may be true Samian (terra sigillata) were 
found ; they are all very small and characterless except one small rim 
piece with Qgg and tassel ornament ; included are pieces of two bases, one 
has been in a fire and discoloured to a chocolate brown. It would seem 
that this Samian must be rather earlier in date than the bulk of the other 
pottery from the well. 

New Foeest Ware. 

Pieces of at least three of the characteristic " thumb pots" of grey ware 
(clay yellowish where imperfectly burnt), coated with dull purplish wash. 

Pieces of several beakers (see PI. I.. 5, 6), some with slight roulette 
notchings. 

Fragment of pinkish ware, with brown coating, with " imbricated " or 
" scale " ornament. 

One fragment of grey ware, brown coated, with tips of two leaves " en 
barbotine." 

See also PI. IL, 6 and note. 

Coarse Pottery. 

It is difficult to say much about the coarse ware as it is all too fragmentary 
to determine the forms of the vessels except roughly and from analogy, but 
the following well-known types are recognisable :— 

Shallow basins with flanged rims (about ten in number), of grey to 
black fumed ware, one or two with " scribble" pattern. PI. I., 9 — 11. 

Shallow bowls with simple upright rims ; perhaps five in number. Grey 
to black ware, as above. 

One fragment of a large cover of grey ware. 

Fragments of various jars (ollae) of " Upchurch " type ; with overhanging 
rims and some scored trellis pattern round body, generally of grey to black 
fumed ware, a few of pale brown ware ; all too fragmentary to determine 
the forms with any exactitude. 

Some pieces of very thick heavy coarse pottery withjclumsy beaded rims, 
apparently parts of large storage vessels. 



160 



THE SIXTY-SEVENTH GENERAL MEETING 

OF 

THE WILTSHIRE AROH^OLOGICAL AND NATURAL 

HISTORY SOCIETY, 

HELD AT DEVIZES, IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE 

ROYAL ARCH^OLOGICAL INSTITUTE, 

• • July 20th to 2ith, 1920. 

President of the Royal Archceological Institute : — 
Sir Henry H. Howorth, K.C.LE., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.SA. 

President of the Wiltshire Society : — 
W. Heward Bell, Esq., F.G.S., F.S.A. 

TUESDAY, JULY 20th. 

The proceedings of the Meeting^ began at Salisbury, where the motor 
char-a-bancs from Devizes, conveying the Wiltshire Members, met the 
Members of the Institute arriving by train from London at 10.15 a.m., and 
at once left for Old Sarum, where M r. J. J. Hammond, the Secretary of the 
Local Committee for the Excavations, conducted the party round the site, 
showed them everything, and explained it all admirably. Leaving Old 
Sarum at 12.30 the cars took the party to Amesbury, where they lunched 
at the George Hotel, leaving for Stonehenge at 2 p m. At 2.30 the party 
was taken in charge by Colonel W. Hawley, F.S.A. , who had been in resi- 
residence on the spot for some months superintending the excavations on 
behalf of the Society of Antiquaries, whilst the great work of jacking and 
pulling the great uprights of the outer circle back to their original 
positions, and concreting their bases, has been carried on by the Board of 
Works. At the date of the visit two of the uprights had already^been dealt with 
and their impost replaced, the turf had been re-laid round their bases, and 
there was nothing whatever to show that they rested now secure as they never 
were before, in a solid base of concrete, whilst four other uprights were bound 
up in their cradles of timber, and their imposts, also in cradles of timber, 
had been lifted off and were lying on the ground. The slaughter stone 
was fully exposed, and round the circumference, just inside the earthen 
bank, was the circle of basin -shaped holes which, since Aubrey drew his 
map in 1666, nobody had dreamed of, until Mr. R. S. Newall most happily 
conceived the idea of putting Aubrey's suggestion to the test, with the 
result that the holes have been found and partly excavated. Col. Hawley, 
in his address,^ said that he believed the work of making the tenons on the 

^ The best and fullest description of the Meeting is given in The Wiltshire 
Gazette, July 22nd, 29th, Aug. 5th, 12th, and 19th, 1920. 

2 Printed in full in Wiltshire Gazette, July 22nd, 1920. 



The Sixty -Seventh General Meeting, 161 

uprights was done after the erection of the stones. He suggested it as 
possible that the blue stone lintel now lying on the ground points to the 
fact that there were two more blue stone uprights at the ends of the inner 
horseshoe, with lintels forming a Trilithon on each side. This would 
give seventeen blue stone uprights of the inner horseshoe, which, added to 
the forty- three of the inner circle, would make sixty in all, a point which 
might have some bearing on the number of the holes recently discovered 
inside the earth circle, which he thought would be found to num.ber sixty 
when they were all excavated. As to the objects found in the excavations 
in the layer of rubble just below the surface soil, a very few fragments of 
Bronze Age pottery, and some of the Koman period, with a coin or two, and 
a few other objects of that time are mixed up together with modern crockery 
and glass, indeed Georgian coins have been found as low as the packing of 
the stones, having slipped down the sides of the uprights. " There is nothing 
to give one a clue to a date so far as we have progressed." IStill the chips 
of the blue stones are mostly found a foot deeper than the mixture of 
Roman and modern objects, whilst at the lower levels chips of sarsen only 
(with 'rare exceptions) occur. This seems to prove that the blue stones 
were dressed and set up after the sarsens were erected. He thought that 
the builders of Stonehenge, whoever they were, possessed more culture than 
they had been generally credited with. He suggested that they were a 
Mediteranean people possibly. As to the holes newly discovered, they 
are all in the same radius line, and 16ft. or 17ft. apart. "From their ap- 
pearance there is little doubt that they once contained stones which have 
afterwards- been extracted; the process causing a crushing down of the 
edge of most of the cavities and invariably the edge towards the centre. 
On the opposite side to the crushed edge a small portion of the chalk packing 
of the stone remained clinging to the side, which the rain has since washed 
away. In one instance a flint fabricator was found in this soft chalk, 
showing that it was there at a time when neatly fashioned implements 
were being made, and well within the Neolithic period. In two holes a 
portion of the excavated chalk had been returned to bring the stone to the 
required height, and this chalk was very hardly compressed as if from a 
great weight standing upon it. Nearly all the holes contained cremated 
human remains placed there when the holes were filled up with loose soil." 
In one hole half-way down the returned soil a mass of white flint chips was 
found, several of which could be fitted together. 'J'hese chips were therefore 
of the same date as the holes, % Neolithic. Twenty-three of these holes 
had been opened and fifty six had been located, "and there are four others, 
I think, close to, but not in, the circle, making sixty in all." He suggested 
that it was possible that the blue stones, in an unworked condition, stood 
in these holes and formed the original Stonehenge, and that at a later 
period, when the great sarsens were erected, they were taken up, dressed 
on the spot, and re-erected as the inner circle and horseshoe of the existing 
Stonehenge. As to the Slaughter Stone, " We found a large hole close to it 
on the west, which has the appearance of having once contained that stone, 
and I think it doubtless did, for I cannot account for its presence there 
otherwise. We found only two deer-horn picks in it, and a slab of stone 
which might have been part of a large packing block. Why the stone was 



162 The Sixty -Seventh General Meeting. 

taken out and why buried in a long pit cut in solid chalk I cannot say. It 
was done at a period later than the small stone pits, as those who dug the 
pit for the stone cut away a portion of one of the ' Aubrey's holes.'" 

In the subsequent discussion Sir William Boyd Dawkins, speaking with 
authority as a geologist, dismissed the idea that the blue stones could 
possibly be drift boulders brought to the Plain by ice action. There is 
clear geological proof that there was no part of Southern England under 
ice in the Glacial Period south of a line drawn between Bristol and London, 
so that obviously these stones were not carried to the Plain in that way. 
They were carried by man. 

Leaving Stonehenge at 3.30 the party journeyed to West Lavingtou, 
where on the lawn of the Old Manor House Mrs. Holloway entertained 
them most kindly at tea. Leaving Lavington at 5.30, Devizes was reached 
at 6 o'clock, and the day's proceedings ended, eighty-nine members having 
been present. 

WEDNESDAY, JULY 21st. 

Starting from the Market Place at 9.30 the party, numbering ninety two, 
arrived at Bishops Cannings Church at 9.50. Here the Rev. E. H- 
Goddard described the Church, calling attention to the particular points of 
interest. The " Monk's Chair," or " Carrel " was carefully examined, but 
no one present was able to throw any new light on what it really is. Mr. 
Aymer Yallance said he knew of nothing like it,.but that from the decoration 
of the framework he thought the whole chair was probably Post Reformation , 
say of the time of Hen. VITI. The President, Sir Henry Ho worth, also 
expressed the opinion that the whole feeling of the inscription pointed to a 
Post- rather than a Pre-Reformation origin, and this appeared to be the 
general opinion of the visitors. Mr. Aymer Yallance pointed out that above 
the chancel arch are holes, which he believed were for the chains supporting 
the Great Rood. It was noticed that the original painting at the apex of 
the groining of the Chancel Roof has recently been renewed, according to 
the old design. Leaving at 10.30 a quarter of an hour's run brought the 
party to Shepherd's Shore, where they got out to examine the Wansdyke. 
Mr. W. Heward Bell spoke on the defensive purpose of the dyke and its 
Post-Roman age, as revealed by General Pitt Rivers' excavations. Sir 
William Boyd Dawkins also regarded it as in the first place a defensive 
line, and afterwards a territorial boundary. Sir Henry Howorth also spoke, 
suggesting, however, that the defence was not, as has usually been assumed, 
against an enemy coming from the east and north, but against an enemy 
coming from the west and south, and that the enemy were Irish invaders 
advancing from the Bristol Channel. Sir Will. Boyd Dawkins replied that 
though there were certainly coastal raids and piratical attacks by Irish 
marauders, he knew of no evidence whatever of any regular Irish invasion 
of Britain in the times succeeding the Roman dominion. On arrival at 
Avebnry at 12 o'clock the programme was slightly varied, the party pro- 
ceeding direct to the Manor House, where they were received most 
kindly by Col. and Mrs. Jenner, Col. Jenner taking the visitors over the 
house in relays whilst the remainder were shown the beautiful garden 



The Sixty-Seventh General Meeting. 163 

lately designed and laid out by Mrs. Jenner. The house itself is full of 
fine old furniture, and is adorned with an extraordinary wealth of remarkable 
needlework — the greater part of it the work of Mrs. Jenner herself. After 
leaving the house the members proceeded to the Church, where Mr. 
Goddard pointed out the features of the building, and was followed by the 
Rev. A. D. Hill, who spoke on Saxon Churches in general, and Mr. Aymer 
Valance, who, taking the existing Rood Loft as his text, spoke on the uses 
of the Rood Loft in parish Churches. Attention was also drawn to the 
passage from the N. aisle to the chancel, found in this neighbourhood 
at Bremhill, Hilmarton, and Great Somerford, but distinctly uncommon 
elsewhere. No one, however, had any reasonable explanation of its object 
to suggest. On coming out of the Church the unpleasant discovery was 
made that rain was falling steadily, and the party made hastily for the 
great barn, which with the farm to which it belongs, including the " Southern 
Temple " and the Ditch, had quite recently been sold by Col. Jenner to 
Mr- J. Peak Garland, by whose very kind permission luncheon had been 
laid out within it. It has no architecture on the outside to vie with 
Bradford, or the other great stone barns of Wiltshire, but its great size and 
and massive timber framework and roof give it rank amongst the notable 
barns of the county. After luncheon, as the rain continued, Mr. Goddard 
said what was necessary as to the circles, the earthworks, and the avenues, 
whilst the company were still under the shelter of the barn, and Mrs. 
Cunnington dwelt on the fact, that the Bronze Age or Late Neolithic in- 
terment found at the foot of the stone ©f Longstone Cove at Beckhampton, 
which was re-erected in 1812, must have been placed there after the stone 
was erected. It could not have been in the ground before. This goes to 
prove that, in the case of this stone at least, and presumably of others, the 
date of erection was in the Early Bronze Age. Sir William Boyd Dawkins 
added that this was in favour of a Bronze Age date for Stonehenge, and he 
would be very cautious in accepting a Neolithic date given for Avebury, even 
though flint implements had been found on the floor of the ditch. Flint 
implements continued to be used well on into the Bronze Age. Sir Henry 
Howorth discussed the derivation of " Sarsen " and supported the " Saracen " 
etymology, arguing that both in France and England " Saracen " was used 
to designate anything barbarous or rude. Mr. Goddard said that he had 
just heard that the committee of the British Association were unlikely to 
complete the excavation of the great section of the ditch next the causeway 
beside the Kennet Boad, which is still open and fenced in, owing to the 
greatly increased cost of labour. The rain having now ceased for a time 
the members mounted the vallum at the Kennet entrance and walked round 
it to the Swindon Road, proceeding thence to the " Cove" of the northern 
circle. Here Mr. A. D. Passmore, of Swindon, called attention to the shape 
and surface of one of the two great standing stones, contending that it shows 
distinct signs of having been shaped to a rectangular edge, whilst the surface 
of the side nearest the cottages showed a brown crust at the base, but above 
this seemed to have been dressed like the Stonehenge sarsens. Mr. Heward 
Bell and others who examined the stone, without expressing a decided 
opinion, thought that there was something in the shape and condition of the 
stone, diflering as it does from any other now visible at Avebury, to support 



164 The Sixty-Seventh General Meeting, 

Mr. Passmore's contention. Leaving Avebury by the Kennet entrance the 
renaaining stones of the Avenue were inspected, and the party then went 
on to Silbury Hill, where Mrs. Cunnington described the negative results 
of the two attempts at excavation of the hill itself, and the somewhat more 
fruitful diggings of Mr. A. C. Pass, in 1886, round the base of the mound, 
showing that originally it must have been surrounded by a deep moat (now 
filled up by 21ft. of silt in places) on all sides but that now occupied by the 
road. The theory put forward by Sir Will. St John Hope in 1913 that it is 
really the motte of an early Norman Castle found no support, Sir Henry 
Howorth remarking that there is not a scrap of documentary evidence as to 
the existence of such an important stronghold as this must have been. He 
could only compare it with the three great mounds of Uppsala ; the only 
thing that could be said about it is that- it is prior to the Koman Age, The 
Pev. F. G. Walker suggested that the fact that the excavation made by the 
Archaeological Institute in 1849, the tunnel of which is now open again, was 
carried along the original surface line, and not below it when it reached the 
centre, did not prove that there was no central burial, which might have 
been several feet below the surface, an argument met by Mrs. Cunnington 
with the statement that it is impossible to suppose that the excavators could 
have been mistaken in concluding that the original ground at the centre 
had never been disturbed. .In digging in chalk the distinction between 
moved and unmoved ground was easy. The cars then returned to Devizes 
and the annual dinner was held at the Bear Hotel, at 7 p.m., at which a 
large company were present, when the President of the Wiltshire Society, 
Mr. W. Heward Bell, took the opportunity of expressing the great debt of 
gratitude which the Society owes to Mrs. Cunnington for the work that 
she has done for many years. After dinner at the Town Hall the Mayor 
(Alderman H. Taplin) and members of the Corporation in their robes, 
preceded by the mace, formally welcomed the members. Sir William Boyd 
Dawkins then gave an address on "The Prehistoric Inhabitants of 
Wiltshire," dealing with the successive waves of population from Palaeolithic 
to Roman times. During the evening coffee was very kindly provided by 
the Mayor and Mayoress. 

THURSDAY, JULY 22nd. 

The motor cars again left Devizes at 9.30, arriving at South Wraxall 
Manor at 10.30, where they were received by Major E. Richardson Cox and 
Mrs. Richardson Cox, who most kindly threw the house open unreservedly 
to the party, after Mr. VV. Heward Bell had given some account of its history. 
Apart from the great interest of the house itself, there is wdthin it a multi- 
tude of good things in the way of furniture, notably a very remarkable long 
oak table in the centre of the hall, with carved ornament painted on Gesso, 
apparently of the age of Henry VIII. , recently acquired from, a mansion in 
Wales. The hour spent here was none too long a time to see all there is 
to see, but the programme times throughout the meeting were rigidly 
adhered to under the generalship of Capt. Cunnington, and at 11.45 the 
party were assembled at the Saxon Church at Bradford on- Avon, 
where Mr. Goddard said a few words as to the history and certain features 



The Sixty-Seventh General Meeting. 165 

of the building, and then yielded place to the Rev. H. Du Boulay Hill, who 
spoke as to the age of the building, agreeing with the now generally re- 
ceived opinion that it is not the original work of Aldhelm, of the 7th 
century, but rather a rebuilding of the latter half of the 10th century, pre- 
serving the Porticus form because it was on the site of Aldhelm's earlier 
Church. Sir Henry Howorth followed, agreeing with the date put forward 
by Mr. Hill, and discoursing on the character of Aldhelm and his writings. 
There was only time after this for a very hurried visit to the Parish 
Church,' over the way, before a move was made to the Swan Hotel for 
luncheon at 12.45. The next point was the Tithe Barn, which was 
thrown open to the members by the Wilts Arch. Soc. without payment, 
but Mr. Goddard, who again gave a short account of the building, mentioned 
that the Society hoped some day to fully repair the two end bays, which 
are still propped up, and that if anyone felt disposed to make a small gift 
towards this purpose the Society would gratefully accept it. He then 
deposited his cap as a receptacle for offerings, and in five minutes the 
substantial sum of £8 was contributed, a very welcome addition to the 
small balance on the " Barn Fund." The same course had been already 
pursued at the Saxon Church, which had been thrown open by the Trustees, 
but a plate for possible gifts was placed in a prominent position and .£2 3s. 
was thus added to the fund for the upkeep of the building. On leaving 
the barn the motor cars, now numbering nineteen private cars and three 
char a-bancs, conveying one hundred and ten persons, proceeded to West- 
wood Manor, where the owner, Mr. E. G. Lister, who has recently 
completed the " restoration " (using the word in its most conservative sense) 
of this beautiful old house, with meticulous care and taste, read a paper on 
its history and the iprinciples upon which the work of repair had been 
carried out. Here again the furniture was only less interesting than the 
house itself. The only drawback was that the large number of the party 
made it difficult for everyone to get into and out of some of the smaller 
rooms in the time allotted by the programme, especially as the whole 
house was most generously thrown open. In consequence the interesting 
Church, close by, which, however, was not on the programme, could only 
be hurriedly glanced at, whilst the Secretary's whistle was blowing violently. 
The rescue of this, one of the most interesting houses in the county, from 
its condition of a farm house greatly in need of repair, and its loving treat- 
ment without alteration or the modern additions which have practically 
spoiled so many old houses, lays, as the President remarked, the County of 
Wilts under a debt of gratitude to Mr. I,ister. Returning to Bradford for 
tea, the cars reached Great ChalHeld Manor at 4.45, where Major Robert 
Fuller gave an excellent account of the history of the house and the Church, 
after which the members wandered over the whole house at their will until 
5.30, when they left for Devizes, arriving there at 6 p.m. 

The Annual General Meetings of the two Societies were held at 
8 o'clock in different rooms at the Town Hall. In order to save time the 
Annual Report of our own Society, which had been already printed and 
distributed amongst the members, was taken as read, and only the necessary 
formal business of the Annual Meeting was gone through. The very 



166 The Sixty -Seventh Oeneral Meeting. 

satisfactory number of twenty-two new imembers were elected, and the 
officers of the Society were re-elected en bloc, with the addition of Mr. Wm. 
Hopkins, of Lloyd's Bank, Devizes, as Hon. Auditor in place of Mr. Toone, 
and the Rev. H. E. Ketchley as Local Secretary for the Corsham district. 
On the conclusion of the business meetings Mr. O. G. S. Crawford gave an 
address on " The Roman Roads of Wiltshire." 

THE ANNUAL REPORT 
for 1919—20, presented on Thursday, July 22nd, 1920. 

Members. — The total number of members on the Society's list on July 
22nd, including those to be elected at the meeting, is 353 (340 annual and 
13 life members), as against 318 in 1919 (321 in 1918, 313 in 1917), a net 
increase of 35 members in the year, 60 new members having been elected, 
as against a loss of 25 by death and resignation. This is a most satisfactory 
step towards replacing the -Society on its pre-war basis, but the committee 
would impress upon all members the urgent necessity of gaining at least 50 
more recruits if, with the greatly increased cost of printing, the Magazine 
as well as the other work of the Society is to be kept up to its proper 
standard. 

Finance. — The accounts published in the June Magazine ]\x&\. issued show 
a balance on the General Fund of £34 Os. 2c?. on December 31st, 1919, a 
decrease of the ^£18 T2s. on the year ; the Museum Maintenance Fund a 
balance of £34 8s. 9c?., an increase of £17 5s. bd. ; the Museum Enlargement 
Fund a total of ^41 Os. 4c?,, an increase of ^13; the Life Membership Fund 
a balance of £45 12s. 3(i., a decrease of £3 18s. 4c?. ; and the Purchase Fund of 
the Museum a balance of £91 9s., the same amount as in 1918. The Bradford 
Barn account shows a balance of £17 7s. 8c?., an increase of ^£5 lOs. 4c?. 
Taking the whole of the accounts together the balance on December 31st, 
1919, amounted to £266 17s. 5c?., against ^257 lis. ^d. for the previous 
year. On the whole this is fairly satisfactory, but it should be remembered 
that heavy expenses have been since incurred, both in the printing of the 
Magazine and in the repair of the Museum premises, which will affect the 
accounts of the current year. 

The Magazi7ie.— Two numbers have been issued as usual during the past 
year ; that for December, 1919, containing a very full index to the contents 
of the five numbers comprised in vol. xl. In consequence of the enormous 
advance in the cost of printing, the committee has been obliged to curtail 
expense in such matters as the provision of authors' copies of the papers 
and in the number of copies of the Magazine printed, wkich will in future 
be only 50 in addition to the number of members of the Society. In this 
connection members' attention is drawn to the announcement on:the back 
of the cover of the June, 1920, Magazine, that " until the end of the year " 
they will be able to purchase all back numbers of the Magazine (with a few 
exceptions) at Is. 6c?. each instead of the usual price (to members) of 4s. 2c?. 
This opportunity will not recur again. 

The Museum. — Very necessary but somewhat expensive works of repair 
have been carried out at the back of the Museum and have proved a heavy 
burden on the Museum Maintenance Fund, which is badly in need of fresh 



The Sixty-Seventh General Meeting, 167 

subscribers. It is impossible to keep the Museum going without sufficient 
funds. Will not many of those members who do not at present subscribe 
to the Maintenance Fund send an annual subscription of 5s. or upwards 
for this purpose ? Of gifts during the year the most important perhaps is a 
large series of finely worked flints from Shepherd's Shore, presented by 
Captain and Mrs. Cunnington, who have returned to their work at the 
Museum after their long absence during the war. 

The Library. — A considerable number of items have been added to the 
Library during the year. Perhaps the most important single gift was the 
large consignment of old deeds connected with the parish of Berwick St. 
James, which were handed over to the Society through the good offices of 
Mr. Arthur Whitehead, of Salisbury. These are now in the hands of Mr. 
John Watson Taylor, who has most kindly undertaken to catalogue them 
for the Society. In addition to this work Mr. Watson Taylor has during 
the past year taken infinite trouble in finding a home for a very large 
number of non-Wiltshire deeds which had come to the Society from various 
sources. These he has succeeded in selling to libraries and societies with 
which they are more closely connected. The Bodleian Library, for example, 
has bought many hundred deeds connected with Oxfordshire and Berkshire. 
In this way our own Society has been enabled at the same time to find 
more room for Wiltshire deeds, and to do something towards providing 
more shelf accommodation in the Library, where a special case has been 
added for the Buckler Collection of Drawings and other large volumes. 
Another item which should be mentioned is the large number of Wiltshire 
Sale Particulars and Catalogues, for which the Society is indebted to Mr. 
J. J. Slade. In this matter our Society has for many years set an example 
which has only recently been followed by other societies and libraries, who 
are becoming alive to the value of the information on various subjects 
which these Sale Particulars of properties will preserve for the future. We 
already have fourteen large volumes of them bound, and the librarian would 
be very grateful if members who happen to have any, either old or new, would 
send them to him instead of consigning them to the waste paper basket. 
The set of 6 inch Ordnance Maps of the County, which have for some years 
been in the Library, on which all the Barrows are numbered, are very 
difficult to consult in their loose state, and they are now being bound in 
file cases, so that any required sheet can be found and removed for con- 
sultation. The provision of these cases is an expensive matter, and the 
Society has to thank Mr. O. G. S. Crawford for a generous gift of £5 towards 
the cost. The librarian would be very glad to hear from any other members 
who would be willing to help in this matter. The Society has to thank 
Capt. B. H. Cunnington for the gift of some fifty Wiltshire Prints and 
Maps new to the Society's collections. 

Old Wiltshire Deeds.— -A. movement has been set on foot by societies 
especially interested in Genealogy and Topography to urge on all those 
concerned the desirability of preserving old deeds and documents, which, 
although no longer of any legal value, contain information as to the descent 
of properties and family history not perhaps to be found anywhere else. 
Our Society has long appealed for gifts of this nature, and with much 
success. The collection of Wiltshire Deeds in the Library is now quite 



168 The Sixty-Seventh General Meeting. 

large. The committee take this opportunity of calling the attention of all 
solicitors who may happen to find it necessary to clear out their offices, to 
the desirability of such old deeds and documents finding a home in the 
Society's Library, rather than in the marine store dealer's sacks. 

Stonehenge.— Th.^ only excavation to report during the year is the ex- 
tremely important work undertaken by the Society of Antiquaries at 
Stonehenge in conjunction with the operations of the Board of Works. 
Following on the gift of the monument to the Nation by Sir C. H. Chubb, 
the Board of Works has begun the work, long so urgently needed, of securing 
those stones of the outer circle which are dangerously out of the perpen 
dicular. Already two of the uprights and their lintel have been dealt 
with, and stand now as they stood when they were first erected, and no 
one would know that the capstone had been taken off and replaced, and that 
the uprights had been screwed and jacked back into position, and then 
firmly concreted at the base so that they never can move again. At the 
present moment three others are being dealt with in like manner. The 
expense of this work is, of course, borne by the Government, but the work 
of carrying out the necessary excavations and superintending and recording 
the finds falls upon the Society of Antiquaries, and is conducted under the 
guidance of Colonel W. Hawley and Mr. R. S, Newall. To the latter is due 
the sensational discovery of the ring of small pits just inside the earth 
circle, many of which contain the remains of cremations, prompted thereto 
by Aubrey's sketch plan of 1666, which was published in the Magazine in 
1876, and has never before been taken seriously by anyone. The work at 
Stonehenge will probably take two years at least to complete, and the 
Society of Antiquaries appeals to all archaeologists to assist in the very 
important work of excavation, by their donations. 

FRIDAY, JULY 23iid. 

The cars left Devizes at 9.30, as on the previous • days, the. numbers 
present being on this day eighty, the smallest number of the four days' 
excursions. Potterne Church was reached at 9.50, and here Mr. A. 
Hamilton, Thompson gave an account of the connection of Potterne with 
the Bishops of Salisbury, and discoursed on the very interesting character 
of the architecture, which apparently dated dr. 1220. He would liked to 
have definite authority for assigning it to Bishop Poore before his translation 
to Durham, in 1228. As to the font he remarked that it is impossible to 
say whether it is really of Pre-Conquest or Post-Conquest date, all that can 
be said is that it is of the 11th century. The type of script used in the 
inscription was, it is true, in use before the Conquest, but it also continued 
in use long after the Conquest. Sir Henry Howorth suggested that the 
Early English style seems largely to have begun in Wiltshire. It would be 
worth while to investigate the earliest examples of the style in the county 
and to trace its development. He suggested that its origin may have been 
drawings of early mosques brought home from the first Crusades and shown 
to Bp. Richard Poore. From the Church the party passed on to the Porch 
House, thrown open by the kindness of Mr. C. H. St. John Hornby, 
Leaving this at 11.15 theyreached Edington Church at 12 o'clock. Here 



The Sixty -Seventh General Meeting. 169 

Mr. A. Hamilton Thompson discoursed in a most interesting way on the 
history of the building, and the place that it occupies in the development 
of English architecture. He repeated with greater emphasis what he had 
already said at Potterne, that it is a great mistake to speak of great Bishops 
like William of Edington and William of Wykeham as having themselves 
acted as the architects of the buildings they called into being. It is in- 
credible that men holding the positions they did could have found time for 
anything of the kind, even if they had had the necessary technical training, 
which is most unlikely. The fact is that though no doubt they told their 
master masons the kind of thing they wished to be built, the whole actual 
work of design and execution was done by the latter, and the credit for 
their splendid creations is due to these unknown architects, rather than to 
the Bishops who are commonly regarded as heaven-sent designers and 
builders. Mr, Aymer Vallance followed, explaining the division of the 
Church into monastic and parochial portions, the rood screen standing in 
the western arch of the tower crossing, where the altar screen now stands, 
and its wings extending across the aisles and completely dividing the 
nave from the crossing and choir. After luncheon at the "Monastery 
gardens," where a number of good things, some of them not generally 
hardy in Wilts, were growing well, and a glance at the big fishponds, the 
party got aboard the cars and went on to Steeple Ashton Church, where 
Canon Knubley met them and acted as guide, describing the Church, and 
mentioning that the actual builder who carried out the work for Robert 
and Edith Long (wlxo built the N. aisle, whilst Walter and Maud Lucas 
built the S. aisle, and the parishioners built the rest of the Church between 
1480 and 1500,) was one Thomas Lovell, freeman, inasmuch as his executors, 
John Tocke, of Trowbridge, and Margaret, his wife, sued William Webbe 
and Margaret his wife, executors of the will of Robert Longe, of Steeple 
Ashton, clothman, for ^49, the balance due for " certen wurkes and bildyngs 
of and in the p'ish curche of Stepull Assheton." Mr. Hamilton Thompson 
followed, and then Mr. Maurice Drake spoke as an expert on the glass of the 
Church,comparing it with the earlier glass of Edington. The Edington glass, 
he said, was made in the third quarter of the 14th century, and is exception- 
ally fine and interesting Transition work. It shows the newly-discovered 
yellow stain used with effect. But owing probably to the Black Death, and 
the fact that the glass itself was made by apprentices and labourers of makers 
who had died of the plague, it is not of durable quality, and glass of this 
period is specially liable to corrosion. At Edington much of the outer surface 
has rotted entirely away,with the result that the glass has become so opaque 
and dirty that the excellent design is almost invisible. At Steeple Ashton 
at the end of the 15th century, exactly the opposite state of things exists, 
the glass itself is of excellent quality, but the painting, though technically 
correct, shows a lamentable absence of interest and invention in the details ; 
the same two or three patterns on the quarries and borders are found all 
over England. The two tracery figures in the E. window of the S. aisle 
are good, one represents Our Lady, the other possibly God the Father 
The portion of inscription with the letters " SCTS EDWA" is an intruded 
fragment from another window. Whilst the party were in the Church the 
VOL. XLI. — NO. CXXXIII, N 



170 The. Sixty-Seventh General Meeting. 

rain came on heavily, and those who penetrated to the Manor House, by- 
kind permission of Mr. E. Impey, were glad to take shelter under the very 
picturesque Granary (now converted into a play-room), whilst Canon 
Knubley gave a short account of the history of the manor. Leaving Steeple 
Ashton the next stop was at Keevil, where the outside only of the Manor 
and the gardens with the " Twelve Apostles " yews was seen by permission 
of Gen. Dickson, C.B., the history of the house being set forth by Mr. W. 
Reward Bell Neither " Talboys " House nor the Church was on the 
programme, but the latter was hurriedly visited in the rain by many of the 
members. Leaving at 4.15 the party, numbering eighty, reached Cleeve 
House, Seend, at 4.30, where they were very hospitably entertained at tea 
by the President of our own Society and Mrs. Heward Bell, in the hall hung 
with Mr. Bell's fine collection of arms and big game heads, about which he 
said a few explanatory words after tea. The gardeners of the party, and 
there were several very notable gardeners present amongst the archaeologists 
on this occasion, explored the garden. It was too late in the year for the 
rock things, but the very extensive collection of shrubs grown by Mr'. 
Bell, as large, probably as any in the county, is of great interest to those 
who know anything of this branch of gardening, and the exceptional and 
varied advantages of soil and position possessed by the Cleeve House 
garden make it possible to grow many things there that would be hopeless 
in most parts of North Wilts. Leaving Seend, Devizes was reached at 
6 p.m., and at 8.15 Mr. A. Hamilton Thompson gave an admirable address 
on " The Foundation of the College of Edington," refreshments being pro- 
vided by the kindness of Capt. and Mrs. B. H. Cunnington. 

SATURDAY, JULY 24th. 

The numbers of the party were considerably reduced on the last morning, 
which was devoted to Devizes itself. The Castle was visited by permission 
of Mrs. Reed, and Brownston and Greystone Houses, by permission of Miss 
Milman and Mr. H. Sainsbury respectively, as well as St. John's and St. 
Mary's Churches. At the Castle Mr. E. H. Stone acted as guide, whilst 
Mr. Vallance described St. John's Church, Mr. Goddard said a word or two 
at St. Mary's, and Mrs. Cunnington was at the Museum to instruct 
members who preferred to spend the time available there, many of those who 
had not visited it before being struck by the excellence of the arrangement, 
labelling, and cataloguing of the collections, as well as by the great interest 
of the collections themselves. 

So ended one of the most successful meetings in the whole history of the 
Society. 

The excellent illustrated programme, which, as well as the whole of the 
arrangements which worked without a single hitch during the week, were 
entirely due to Capt. B. H. Cunnington, a success secured by the minutest 
care and attention to detail beforehand. The exact position, for instance, 
which was to be occupied by the cars at each stoppage, the points at which 
they were to turn, and the order to be observed on the journeys were specially 
laid down and distributed in a leaflet to all car drivers beforehand, and woe 
betide anyone who did not keep the rules ; Capt. Cunnington had not been 



Notes. 171 

in charge of German prisoners for several months for nothing. The members 
of the visiting society were most appreciative, both of the excellent arrange- 
ments,' the varied fare provided for them, which included many of the 
things best worth seeing in the county, and the general pleasantness — in 
spite of the weather — of the whole proceedings. The total number of 
members attending some part of the meeting was, of the Institute, sixty- 
three, and of the Wiltshire fc)0ciety, sixty-eight, one hundred and thirty-one 
in all. Not the least satisfactory point about the meeting was the fact 
that it was a distinct financial success, a balance of £38 5s. 2c?. falling to 
the Wiltshire Society, and £18 2s. 6o?. to the Archaeological Institute. 



NOTES. 
A Romano-British Site at Westwood. Mr. W. G. Collins, 

of Bradford-on-Avon, has long paid attention to a Romano-British site 
at W'estwood, and has made extensive notes on the objects collected 
by him on the surface of a field in which the Roman coffin was found. 
These notes he has very kindly placed in my hands and allowed me to 
abstract from them the following short statement. 

E. H. GODDARD. 

The Roman stone coffin now in the portico of the Museum at Bath 
was found in 1906. It is very roughly made from the Oolitic stone of 
the district, has a rounded head, with an external width of 17^ inches, 
tapering to 14|in. at the foot. Its length is 4ft. 3in., its height 11 in., 
with an inside depth of 7in. The sides and bottom are about 4in. 
thick. The thick stone slab forming the cover is deeply scored by the 
ploughshare, as it lay within a very short distance of the surface. The 
"skeleton, of a child, was very imperfect when found. Nothing else was 
found in the coffin. On the surface, in the same field, Mr. Collins has 
found pieces of flue tile, a fragment of wall plaster, another of roof tile, 
a number of rubbing stones, and a piece of a very thin upper quern 
stone of hard dense grit, and a long bronze pin.' A great quantity of 
potsherds has also been collected from the surface of the northern half 
of the field around the spot at which the coffin was found.^ Of these the 
large majority, as in all Romano-British sites in Wiltshire, consist of 
common , grey ware, fragments of vessels of all sizes from very large 
heavy vessels to thin small pots. There were also a number of black frag- 
ments of " Upchurch" type and of red brick coloured ware. Coarse light 

' The pin, the fragment of quern, and a selection of the pottery fragments 
and flints have been given to the Society's Museum by Mr. Collins. 

^ Mr. Collins has made a large series of drawings of fragments of rims, 
^fec, which he will very kindly give to the Society's Library. 

N 2 



172 Notes, 

brown or cream-coloured pottery was also present. There were frag- 
ments of red mortaria of various sizes,and the handle of a large amphora. 
A few fragments only of the hard " New Forest " ware occurred. About 
one hundred and fifty pieces, mostly very small, of good Samian were 
found, including twenty-six rim pieces which Mr. Collins believes 
belonged to fourteen different vessels. The most important qf these 
were submitted by Mr. T. C. Cantrill to Mr. Reginald Smith, of the 
British Museum, who reports that the earliest and best glazed frag- 
ment is of the type known as " Hofheim, vi., 2," dating from 40 to 60 
A.D. Other fragments of "Forms 30, 31, 33, and 39" date from the 
later years of the 1st century to the middle of the 2nd century. The 
evidence of these fragments would thus give an early date for the 
site. On the other hand there appear to be no pieces of " Late Celtic " 
ware with the possible exception of one or two "bead rim" fragments. 
As a whole the pottery is distinctly Romano-British. Two small 
red fragments are of the Rosette stamped ware of which Mr. 
Heywood Summer has lately figured so many examples as having 
been manufactured at the kilns at Ashley Rails,' in the New Forest. 

From the same field Mr. Collins has collected a considerable number 
of worked flints, flakes, and scrapers of the various forms common in 
the down districts of Wilts, and usually regarded as Neolithic. Some 
have a thick white, others a bluish patina. Two fragments of well- 
made polished flint celts also occurred, one the butt end, the other the 
cutting edge. Mr. Collins is inclined to regard these flints as con- 
temporary with the Romano-British pottery on the ground that the 
two are found together on the surface on the same site, and he notes 
that he has also found flint scrapers, &c., on the sites of the Roman 
villas of Colerne and North Wraxall. Moreover he considers that their 
somewhat rough workmanship favours the theory of their late origin. 
It may be so ; on the other hand it may be that Neolithic folk were 
living on the site centuries before the Romano-Britons inhabited it. 

Mr. Collins wishes to record his great indebtedness to Mr. T. C. 
Cantrill, of the Geological Survey, for his kind and constant help. 



K 



Blue hard stone, ye same as at Stonehenge," 
found in Boles [Bowles] Barrow (Heytesbury, I.) 

There have recently come into my possession several volumes of 
original letters written by the late Wm. Cunnington,F.S.A.,of Heytes- 
bury, who in conjunction with Sir R. Colt Hoare made the Stourhead 
Collection of antiquities now in our Museum, on which Sir R. Colt 
Hoare founded his work, " Ancient Wilts." Many of these letters are 
originals from contemporary archaeologists and geologists and others 
are Mr. Cunnington's own copies of replies he sent and reports of his 
numerous excavations in the Barrows on the Wiltshire Downs, and 
deal with the whole period of his excavations. 

One of these letters, dated from Heytesbury, July 18th, 1801, is a 
copy of a letter he sent to W. P. Wyndham, Esq., of Salisbury, in which 
he describes the opening of Boles (Bowles) Barrow, which is situated 



Notes. 173 

on the downs about midway between Heytesbury and Imber. After a 
description of , the preliminary excavations the letter goes on to say : — 
" We found it (the interior of the barrow) composed entirely of white 
marie (? chalk) stones till we came to the depth of four feet and a half 
when we found a ridge of large Sarcen stones and flints which extended 
wider as we worked down." [At the word " large " is a star, referring 
to a note at the bottom of the sheet, where it is written " The stones 
are about 28lbs. to 200lbs. w^eigbt."] 

After further description of the excavation the letter states :— "The 
stones that composed so large a part of this ridge over the bodies are 
of the same species as the very large stones at Stonehenge, which the 
County people call Sarcens." 

At the word Stonehenge is a star, referring the reader to a note at 
the bottom of the page, where, in his own handwriting, is written the 
following : — "Since writing the above I discovered amongst them the 
Blue hard Stone, ye same as the upright Stones in ye inner Circle at 
Stonehenge," It appears possible that after the letter to Mr. Wyndham 
was sent, the foregoing note was added as a memorandum to Mr. 
Cunnington's copy of the letter. 

In another copy of this letter in my possession and evidently made 
at the same time as the other, there is a star at the word " Stonehenge," 
as above, but the note it refers to appears to have been omitted in the 
copying, as nothing is written at the bottom of the page. 

In another letter, written to John Britton, dated Heytesbury, Nov. 
8th, 1802, after referring to various matters concerning Stonehenge, he 
says : — " I am of opinion that the greater part of the stones were from 
the Wiltshire downs, the six (?) that are innermost of all are certainly' 
from the neighbourhood of Frome. 1 think I showed you a great 
variety of the stones found in a large oblong barrow near this place 
that are of the same kind with several of those at Stonehenge." 

It is strange that the above important facts do not appear in any 
account of the various openings that Boles ^ barrow has undergone. 
It was opened twice by Wm. Cunnington, of Heytesbury, in 1801, and 
again in 1803, once by Dr. Thurnam, in 1864, and in 1885 and 1886 by 
Wm. and Hy. Cunnington of Devizes. (See Ancient Wilts — South, 
pages 87, 88, Wilts Arch. Mag., vols, xxiii. and xxiv.) This is the 
only case where it is recorded that the " blue stones " have been found 
in a long barrow, though broken fragments have been found several 
times in the round Bronze Age barrows in the immediate vicinity of 
Stonehenge. Boles Barrow is about six miles from Stonehenge. 

It is to be noted that it is not stated in the letter whether the " Blue 
hard Stone" was in the shape of {a) fragments, presumably from the 
Stonehenge uprights themselves, as was the case in the round barrows 
near Stonehenge, in which case their presence would tend to prove that 
Stonehenge was erected in the Long Barrow period, or (6) in the shape 
of natural small boulders, in which case their presence would go to 
reinforce Prof." Judd's theory that the blue stones at Stonehenge were 

1 The spelling of the name " Boles" is Mr. Cunnington's. 



174 Notes. 

found as drift boulders on the Plain, and would have no bearing on the 
age of the structure. B. Howard Cunnington. 

Certain Customs belonging to the Manor of Christian 
Malford in the County of Wilts taken out the 
Kecords, 1614. 

Communicated by Mr. G. A. H. White. 

Impris Our Custom is for the Lord of the manor to grant by Copie of 

Court roll no more than three lives in one Copie at once. 
Item Our Custom is for a tenant to put in a last life for two years Purchase 

and to Change a life for one years purchase. 
Item Our Custom is if a man Do purchase an estate for himselfe k two 

Children he may Surrender his estate for the use of any other for his 

life and Cut of his Children Except the Children or any friend do give 

any mony to the purchase with the Father and Known (?) in Court but 

his wife must have her widohood And she may Surrender it to the 

next taker if she think fitt. 
Item Our Custom is if a Copieholder put in the life of his Daughter and 

after his death She takes to the Estate She may marrey without a 

licence not Breaking nor Cause of forfiture nor loss of Heriot to the 

Lord for She is a Headholder her husband is not. 
Item Our Custom is that after a Copieholder Dieth that his Execeter 

shall haue the pro fitt of his Estate till St. Micheal the archangel next 

following paying all Dutyes thats belonging to it. 
Item Our Custom is to haue all maner of timber to Repair the Dweling 

house and out Houses gates and Stiles and Bridges post & rails as need 

require giving notice first to y^ Lords Bayleiff and paying him a groat 

a tree for marking. 
Item Our Custom is to have such meadow & pasture Lands & Earable 

Common which is part & percel of our Copiehold which hath or is 

belonging be ours by Custom. 
Item Onr Custom is that all tops & Cuts all Shrouds all Dead trees all 

windffalls all underwood such as Heasell maple all thorn willow or any 

other sort is ours by Custom. 
Item Our Custom is that a Copiehold tenant may Break up k plow any 

or all of his Copiehold Estate except Stonemead without licence or 

Breaking Custom. 
Item Our Custom is when a Copiehold tenant Deceaseth and a Heriot is 

Due that the Execter ought to pay him of the Best quick Catle that 

he Dieth possest of and if he has none the best good that he Dieth 

possest of. 
Item Our Custom is to haue plough Boot k fire Boot, 
Item Our Custom is a Copieholder makes a Defauld at the Lord Court 

hauing business other ways he may saue his amercement by Signing a 

peney if Demanded. 
Item Our Custom is if a tenant Should be atained of treason or flPelony 

his wife Shall injoy her widdows Estate after her Husband. 



Notes, 175 

Item Our Custom is a Copieholder may keep his Copiehold in his own 
hands not Dweling upon the Same but his Servants without Licence 
but by Licence he make tenant & under tenant as he shall think fitt 
by vertue of his Copie. 

Item Our Custom is when any tenant Deceaseth the next taker ought to 
Come into the Court to make his Claim k, there be admited tenant 
according to Custom & when he is admited tenant he shall give the 
Steuard a Silver peney & two Shilling to the Homage to wittness that 
in Court he was admiterl tenant & if it shall Happen that the Steuard 
will not admit him tenant and he that Claimed Dieth the Lord must 
haue a Heriot and his wife her Widdows Estate. 

Item Our Custom is that there can be no Surrender out of Court. 

Item Our Custom is a tenant by misfortune Looseth his Copie yet shall 
he keep his Living and if there be any other joyned with him in the 
same Copie in Revertion of him he shall as well Injoy it after the Death 
forfiture or Surrender by our Custom. 

Item Our Custom is if a Copie in Kevertion be granted by Lord and 
Lawfully taken before the Homage in the Court and the Copie be Lost 
by misfortune before the Revertion Do fall after the Death forfiture cr 
Surrender of the tenant that last was this revertioner or revertioners 
Shall Injoy it by our Custom, if any Such Eeverti'oner do come into 
Court and Claim it in twelue month a day or any for him. 

Item Our Custom is that no other man then that is Sworn with us Shall 
haue to do with anything that appertaineth with our Court but those 
that be Customary tenants. 

Item Our Custom is that all amercements pains and all orders which 
appertaineth to the Lord Court ought to be ofiered by the Customary 
tenants. 

Item Our Custom is that all Stray ers which be taken within this j\lancr 
being und the price of iij and iiij to Remaine in the tything among the 
Customary tenant and the lord to have the price that they shall ap- 
prayed at when they Shall be fully year'd. 

Item Our Custom is that there is no Heriott Due in Heyday Street. 

Item Our Custom is it is not Lawful for any tenant to Sell any great 
timber growing upon his Estate without the Lord's Licence for a tree 
Eight Inches Square is Deemed timber. Our Custom is that all quarey 
and all mine Do Belong to the Lord. 

Item Our Custom is the father do make any forfiture upon his Copiehold 
that it will not prejudice the rite and Interest of the Next Revertioner 
but they shall haue and Injoy the same according to our Custom. 

Item Our Custom is if any tenant holdeth one two or three Messages or 
tenaments at his Death he ought to pay unto the Lord for Every 
Message or Tenement one Heriott Except it Do appear otherways 
upon the Copie. 

Item Our Custom is that if the Lord do grant by Copie of Court Roll to 
any tenant three lives Every tenant being in possession'ought to pay 
an heriot or Heriots after their Deaths according to the Customs. 

Item Our Custom is that if two or three Doth come to the Court and they 



176 Notes. 

Do take Lord a Copiehold and Every of them Do pay the p* of (?) fine 
then they be takers all three then none of them can or may Deceue 
the other by our Custom. 

Item Our Custom is that if any man take of the Lord by Copie of Court 
Roll any message or tenement for himselfe and two of his Children or 
one Child & not name the names of them but leaueth a Space for them 
it is not good. 

Item Our Custom is when a widow Doth Live unchast that apertaineth 
unto the Ecclesiastical Court for that our Custom have not to Do with 
it but for her Living Shee Shall Injoy it by our Custom. 

Customs of the Rectory Manor of Christian Malford. 
1744 

[Extracted from the Rectory book, which begins 1727.] 

The Mannor of the Rectory of Christian Malford in y'' County of 
Wilts. At a Court Barron of the Reverend Doctor Francis White 
Doctor in Divinity and Rector of the parish Church of Christian 
Malford aforesaid, Lord of the said Mannor held there the nineteenth 
day of October in the year of our Christ one thousand seven hundred 
& fforty four before Adam Tuck Steward there it was thus Inrolied 
Elias fferris Thythingman appeared & sworn Sam^^ Glascodine Bayliffe 
— dead Names of the Homage Matthew Hopkins William Belcher 
James Selman William Scott Thomas Turtle sworn 

Presentment of the Homage 

ffirst'We present and our Custom is that the Lord of this' Mannor 
may grant all Coppy hold Lands and Tenements within this Mannor 
to any person or persons for one two or three lives 

Also That the Lord may grant (by Coppy) one or two lives in Re- 
vertion of any Coppyhold Tenement within this mannor where one or 
two lives are in possession 

Also That if any Copyyhold tenement be granted unto a married 
woman she shall enjoy the same for her life and not by her widows' 
estate and that on her death there is an Executors year due to the 
Executor or Administrator 

Also That the widow of every coppyhold Tennant of this Mannor 
dying possessed of any Coppyhold Estate or Estates shall enjoy the 
same for her widowhood only And that if she so dye there is an 
Executors year due to her Executor or Administrator unless on the 
last life and then the Estate imediately goes to the Lord 

Also That the Executor or Administrator of any Tennant dying in 
possession before Michaelmas shall enjoy the Testators Estate untill 
Michaelmas next following unless its on the last life and then the Estate 
imediately fall's into the Lords hands 

Also That every Tennant dying possessed of any Tenement or Estate 
within this Mannor shall pay to the Lord the best good or goods that 
he dyed possessed oflf for every particular estate that he held within 
this Mannor and that were to be found on every of them or elsewhere 

Also That if any Coppyholder of this Mannor make's his forfeiture 



Notes, 177 

of his Coppyhold it's for his own life only and that the next life in 
succession is to be admitted Tennant to: the Coppyhold premisses so 
forfeited according the Custom this mannor 

Also That upon the death of any Coppyhold Tennant the next life 
in succession ought to be admitted Tennant at the next Court after the 
death the first life (unless the second life be in the Warrs or beyond 
the seas and Widdowhood excepted) otherwise the next life in suc- 
cession to the premisses (if any) may be admitted in the roome of the 
the second life if such second life that is so remote is not proved liveing 
and produced at this court within one year and a day after demand 
shall be made thereof by the Lord or his Steward in his behalfe and 
if there shall be no such succeed third life the premisses shall go to 
the Lord of the Mannor 

Also That all Timber within this mannor belongs to the Lord and 
that he ought to allow by assignement to e'ry Tennant out of the Timber 
growing on his Estate a sufficient quantity for the building and repairing 
of their Coppyhold Tenements \f hen the Lord shall think fitt 

Also We present as Coppyhold Tennants of this Mannor in 
possession William Belcher the Elder Thomas Ody Matthew Hopkins 
Edward Trimnel Elias fferris Jauies Weston James Selman Thomas 
Miles Daniel Selman William Scott and Mary Pinker 

Also We present that Issaac Belcher one of the revertionary customary 
Tennants of this Mannor dyed since the last Court 

Also We present Edward Trimnel for not repairing the Tenement 
which is very ruinous and out of repair And we do hereby order the 
said Edward Trimnel to repair the same in Twelvemonths time on pain 
of his forfeiture thereof to the Lord 

Also We present the said Edward Trimnel and his Tennant William 
Gingell for not repairing two ffoot Bridges lying in the Home Closes 
in the Church foot road leading from Thornend to the parish Church 
of Christian Malford And also to put a good drock to a Watercourse 
runing between the said Home Closes and the same shall be repaired 
in a fortnights time on pain of forfeiting to the Lord Ten shillings for 
each offence 

Also We present and Amerce all persons who owe suit and service 
to this Court and have not appeared this day one shilling each person 

Also We present John Hemery to serve the office of Bayliffe for the 
Mannor for the year ensueing 

Also Wee present James Selman to serve the office of Tythingman 
for the year ensueing 

Entry in the Parish Register at Tisbury. " An intention 

of marriage between William Lush, of Eastgate and Joan Haylock 
• daughter of Thomas Haylock of Linly was published in this Church 
on 3 severall Lord's Dayes viz. : May 18, 25*'', and June 1st 1656. 
And at ye last publication thereof Richard Sly of Winterslow in ye 
County saying that ye sd. Joan Haylock was his wife nevertheless 
on ye next day being June 2nd ye said Richard Sly did by open deed 
under his handwriting relinquish all rights claims and interests which 



178 . Notes. 

he had to the person of thesaid Joan Haylock and did give her his 
full and free consent to be married to the said William Lush and this 
deed was published and delivered as his act before Christopher Bennet 
of East Hatch, gent. Henry Davyes of Ohitgrove yeoman." 

Salisbury Cathedral, the Tombs of '' Bishop Robert 
Bingham" and '* Bishop William of York." The 

late Sir Will. St. John Hope wrote an important note on the tombs now 
bearing the above ascriotions, which was printed in Proc. Soc. Ant. 
2nd Ser., XXVIII., 184-190. 

These two canopied tombs stand on either side in the Presbytery of 
the Cathedral within the third arch from the east. That on the north 
is known as that of Bp. Robert Bingham, that on the south as that of 
Bp. Wm. of York, or, as he is called in the obit, calendar, William of 
Wilton. Sir William Hope says : — " Both are works unquestionably of 
the 14th and not of the 13th century, and unless evidence to the con- 
trary is forthcoming from some quarter unknown to me, it is difficult, 
in my opinion, to associate with them any longer the names of Bishop 
Robert and Bishop William." Sir William points out that Bishop 
Robert Bingham died in 1246. " He is believed to have been the first 
Bishop buried in the new Church, but since the high altar was not 
hallowed until 1258 it is difficult to understand how he could have been 
buried in the unfinished presbytery. The same remark applies to 
Bishop William, who died 1255—6, but he is said by some authorities 
to have been buried ad altare SanctiJohannis, coram altare apostolorum. 
This, however, was one of the three altars hallowed in 1225 and stood 
at the east end of the north aisle of the presbytery." 

Richard Gough, Sepulchral Monuments, Vol. II., p. cccxxix., PI. xxxix., 
printed 1796, assigns the tombs as at present. Dodsworth, 1814 ; 
Britton Hist, and Antiquities of the Gath. Church of Salisbury, 1815 — 
1836, p. 98 ; and A. R. Maiden, ir.J.J/.,xxxvii , 343; follow his example. 
"There can be little doubt," says Sir William, " that Richard Gough is 
responsible for assigning the two tombs to Bishop Robert and Bishop 
William, since all earlier authorities that I have been able to 
consult tell a different tale." A Description of that admirable Structure 
the Cathedral Church of Salisbury, pub. in 1753 and again in 1774, 
and ascribed to Francis Price, contains a description of all the inscribed 
monuments then in the Church. But this is taken verbatim from an 
earlier work, pub. by E, Curll in 17 1 9, of which a second edition ap- 
peared in 1723. All these works contain this passage : — " In the north 
isle on the side of the Quire under an arch in the wall lies Bishop 
Roger de Martival (with only a cross embossed on his tomb) who died 
14 March 1329." Leland in his Itinerary writes: — "In Presbyterio 
exparteBor. Audeley Episcopus Sarum. Rogerus Mortyvalle Episcopus 
Sarum ... ex parte Australi Presbyt. Simon de Gandavo Epus 
Sarum ... In med. Presbyterii Robertus Wyville Epus Sarum." 
Bp. Audeley's tomb still stands in the bay east of the tomb now ascribed 
to Bp. Bingham, that of Bp. Wyville has been moved, but the tomb 



Notes, 179 

which Leland calls Simon of Ghent's still faces that which he gives to 
Roger de Mortival. 

Sir William also quotes directions in al 5th century Sarum Or Jma^enow 
in the British Museum. The order De modo turiflcandi altare on feast 
days gives directions for the ceremonial censing of the high altar by two 
priests and then for their censing the altars immediately outside the 
Presbytery. If the Bishop were present the Bishop censed the tomb 
of Simon the Bishop, and the priest that of Roger the Bishop, and it is 
certain that these tombs were in the Presbytery and not outside it. 
" It is evident, therefore," says Sir William, " that the monument now 
called William of York's is really that of Simon of Ghent (died 1315, 
and the one called Robert Bingham's that of Roger Mortival (died 
1330), The architectural evidence is likewise in favour of this view." 

Sir William's note, illustrated by plates of the two tombs, is followed 
by this memorandum : — 

"On Friday, 7th December, 1900, the tomb of Robert Bingham 
Bishop of Salisbury, 1229—46, was opened in the presence of Canon 
E. R. Bernard, Chancellor of the Diocese, A. R. Maiden, Deputy 
Registrar and Chapter Clerk, Rev. E. E. Dorling, Vicar of Burcombe, 
Rev. A. E. G, Peters, and Rev. R. G. Bartelot, Missioners of the Society 
of St. Andrew, C. Blomfield, Esq., architect, Rev. O. Smith-Bingham, 
Mrs. Bingham, and their son, G. Freemantle and R. Adey, vergers, 
Robert Brindley, clerk of the works, and Soper, mason, with two 
labourers. The slab was removed and it was then found that there 
was another large Purbeck slab over the grave. The stones on the 
soath side of this were then removed, and two of the side stones taken 
out, when the coffin was discovered. It was made of wood with a 
leaden outside covering, and the top had fallen in. When the lead was 
bent back a chalice (lying on its side near the left shoulder), a wooden 
pastoral staff and metal buckle were seen, also the bone of the left arm, 
one thigh bone, and part of the vertebrae. The bones were covered 
with a dark substance which crumbled on being touched, probably the 
remains of vestments. It was thought undesirable to disturb the 
remains further." The investigation was due to the Rev. O, Smith- 
Bingham, who promised to restore the brass if he were satisfied that 
the tomb was that of his ancestor. The inference? was that the evidence 
was not convincing. 

Wooden *' Roundell," or Fruit Trencher, at Wilcot. 

Writing from Wilcot Vicarage on Aug. 5th, 1908, the Rev. W. S. Sykes 
sent a tracing (now among the Society's drawings) of " what I am told 
is supposed to be a wooden paten belonging to the Church." It is 
a fiat disc of wood apparently beech (?), 5in. in diameter, and about gin. 
thick. In the centre within double red circular lines is this inscription : 
*' Though hungrie meales bee put in pot 
Yet conscience cleare keept without spot 
Doth keepe the corpes (?) in quiet rest 
Than hee that thousands hath in cchest." 



180 JS-Qtes. 

Round this the surface is covered with a broad border of floriated 
ornament in red, blue, and white paint with gilding. " When I came 
to Wllcot I found it lying on the Bar wick Tomb, whence it might 
easily have been carried away without any person being the wiser. I 
am told that the late Admiral Montagu had it for many years in the 
Manor House, and that he placed in the Church. I have half-a-sheet 
of note paper (with the inscription and) ' The round board found in 
Wilcot House with above inscription. J. W. M.' " 

It is clear from the tracing and description that this is an example 
of the curious wooden " Roundelis " with mottos and inscriptions upon 
them which seem to have been in fashion in the reigns of Elizabeth 
and James I. They are found in sets of twelve, &c., of which examples 
are to be seen in S. Kensington Museum and elsewhere. It is generally 
supposed that they were intended as fruit trenchers and were of course 
designed for secular use. The Wilcot example is curious and interesting, 
but it does not appear that it has ever really been used as a paten. See 
account of roundelis by J. Y. Akerman, Archaologia, XXXTV., 225. 
There is a set of eight similar roundelis in Salisbury Museum. 

E. H. GODDARD. 



The *' Scrag" on Winklebury Hill. Gen. Pitt Elvers, in 

Vol. II., p. 258, of Excavations in Cranhourne Chase, says :— " Barrow 
III., Winklebury Hill . . . was surrounded by a ditch, and the 
contents had probably been destroyed during the insertion of a dead 
yew tree, locally called a 'Scrag.' I removed the tree during the ex- 
cavations, and I afterwards learnt that the people of the neighbourhood 
attached some ^interest to it, and it has since been replaced by Sir 
Thomas Grove." 

The Eev. W. Goodchild, Rector of Berwick St. John, writing on 22nd 
Jan., 1920, in answer to enquiries, says : — " There are no traditions in 
the parish about the ' Scrag ' that can be relied upon, and I have not yet 
come upon any mention of it in any written or printed document before 
1880. A fuss was made about the removal in 1881 because the people 
'did not hold with the removal of dead men's bones.' The 'Scrag' is 
not noticed in either of the lists of boundaries made in the tenth 
century for the Abbesses of Shaftesbury and Wilton, and this fact is 
of some evidence that the 'Scrag' was not an old heathen phallic 
emblem. Possibly a post was put into the tumulus at a much later 
period to distinguish it as bounding the pasture ground of the two 
abbesses. The ' Scrag ' is also not mentioned by the Rev. E. Rolle, who 
rode round the boundaries of Berwick in June, 1760. On the other 
hand there probably was a heathen sacred tree on the boundary of 
Berwick not far from Win Green called Scyldestrowe, in the Wilton 
Charter of 955, and the name Sculd'strow survived until the fourteenth 
century for the adjoining land." Sir Thomas Grove's "Scrag" was 
blown down in one of the last gales, Jan., 1920. 

C. V. GODDAKD. 



Notes, 181 

Witches in S. Wilts. The Rev. Q. Bacon, Vicar of Swallowcliffe, 
writing January 24th, 1920, speaks of an old woman of that parish, a 
Roman Catholic, who died some years ago, who was regarded as a 
witch. " Many people of the parish were afraid of her and wouldn't 
' cross ' her for anything on account of her ' evil eye.' I have heard 
that she could find lost property. She was a wonderful old woman 
and I rather liked her." 

The Rev. W. Goodchild, Rector of Berwick St. John, also writes, "I 
have heard of witches at Donhead and Swallowcliffe, women who 
could find lost property. People did not care to pass their houses at 
night." C. V. GoDDARD. 

Elder Wood. The Rev. 0. V. Goddard, Rector of Baverstock, recalls 
the fact that in 1912 he was told by Mr. Cotton, of Teffont, that he 
had enquired of the woodman there whether he cut down elder for use, 
and was told that he did not. He asked " why not? " and the wood- 
man's answer was " well they said that the Cross of Jesus Christ was 
made of elder wood, so people didn't use it for burning." 

Will O' the Wisp at Baverstock, Mr. Goddard also writes 
that in 1912 David Watts, the clerk at Baverstock, told him that there 
were parts of the water meadow below the school there that were bog 
and shook when you jumped on them. He had formerly as a boy seen 
" Tick Candlestick " (he said " Tick " not " Dick "), there, but not of 
late years. It would flit about, a whiteish light, about as high as one's 
breast, here and off again. It was also seen up by Groveley and people 
were put wrong by going towards it, when they were coming over 
through Grovely, thinking it was a cottage light. He had not, how- 
ever, heard of it there for years past. 

Great Rainfall and Flood of April 9th, 1920. After a 

night of heavy rain, a storm with much thunder a.ndlightningbegan about 
7.45 a.m. over the district between Swindon and Devizes, accompanied 
by torrential rainfall which reached its greatest violence about 10.30, 
when it was commonly remarked that people had never seen such rain 
in England, and continued until 11.15. Low lying parts of the roads 
were everywhere quickly flooded. The principal damage was done in 
Calne, where about 11.30 the river suddenly rose and flooded the whole 
of the centre of the town. The Strand, Mill Street,, and Church 
Street were flooded to a considerable depth, the contents of houses and 
shops being in many cases carried away down the stream. There had 
been nothing like it since the great flood of October 24th and Novem- 
ber 13th, 1882, when the water was somewhat higher than on this 
occasion. After midday the flood subsided almost as rapidly as it 
rose. Photographs of the flooded streets appeared in Daily Mirror, 
April 13th; Daily Mail, April 14th; Wiltshire Gazette, K'^nXXbt'h', 
and Wiltshire Times, April 17th. 

There was little rain in the south of the county, and nothing to 
speak of in the Marlborough district. At Shepherd's Shore the fall in 



182 Notes. 

24 hours was only 'Slj^but at Calstone, Cherhill, Compton Bassett, 
and Olyffe Pypard, the fall was torrential. At Cherhill the fall 
registered was 125, and at Compton r48. At Clyffe Pypard the 
water carried away wagon loads of flints from the steep roads, just 
under the hill, and produced a most curious effect at the side of the 
road on " Bushton Hill." Here, where normally there is no ditch at 
all, the immense volume of water charged with sharp broken flints 
from the road excavated a channel for itself for some distance not more 
than six inches in widths but cut right down into the solid undisturbed 
chalk in places three feet from the surface as cleanly as if it had been 
cut out with a draining tool. 

E. H. GODDARD. 

G-reBit CreSfted Qlebe. I have received from a correspondent the 
information that a pair of these fine birds are still to be seen in a locality 
in this connty, where they appeared some years ago. I dare not mention 
even the district indicated, for fear of giving a clue to Qg^ collectors, 
the most pernicious criminals that the naturalist has to guard against. 

E. H. GODDAED. 

Buzzard and Puffin near Marlborough. Mr. Guy Pierson, 

President of the Marlborough College Nat. Hist. Soc, in a note of 
Nov. 22nd, 1919, says: — "I am writing to let you know of two in- 
teresting bird finds I have had here this year. The first was a Buzzard, 
which I saw near Avebury on the downs in a snowstorm about March 
20th, 1919. I was only here for a visit then, and did not realize the 
rarity of my find until this month. I am certain of the identification : 
I know the Buzzard well on the coast of Cornwall. 

The second was a Puffin, which was caught on the downs near 
Hockley, in the first week of November, 1919. It was starving and 
exhausted. A man from Manton caught it and brought it home. One 
of the College gardeners brought me word and I went over and identified 
it. It died after a week and is now being stuffed. 

SeneclO Sciualidus. This plant which years ago was known almost 
. entirely as an inhabitant of every old wall in Oxford, seems of late 
years to have established itself as a traveller on the Great Western 
Railway, in which capacity it has appeared within the last two or three 
years in abundance on the railway works embankment and the waste 
ground adjoining, at Rushey Piatt, Swindon, between the two railway 
bridges (and doubtless elsewhere also). The plant here has often the 
stature and growth of S. jacohea (Ragwort), but it has been identified 
at Kew as S. squalidus. So far as can be judged from a railway carriage 
it seems to have established itself also abundantly at Reading. 

E. H. GODDAED. 

Pyrola minor. Mr. G. B. Milne-Redhead, of Millard's Hill, Frome, 
writing Nov. 23rd, 1919, reports that Pyrola minor " was found last 



Notes, 183 

summer (1919) in a small wood near Westbury." This seems to be the 
first record of its occurrence in Wiltshire. 

Little Owl at ClyfFe Pypard* The curious way in which this 
bird is increasing in Wiltshire is shown by the fact that I have twice 
(in Nov., 1919, and the early summer of 1920) seen a Little Owl here 
at close quarters, and I am told that there were a pair seen often 
together in the early part of this year (1920). E. H. Goddaed. 

The Gloss on Flints from Knowle and CoUingbourne. 

With regard to the Collingbourne flints Mr. A. D. Passmore wrote 
on Oct. 30th, 1919, as follows: — "Last week end I proceeded to 
Ludgershall to run our glazed flints to their place of origin. Walking 
through the beautiful (Collingbourne) woods we examined pit after pit 
for hours, but found nothing. Returning to the pit only about 6ft. 
square of the badger digging episode (where the glazed flints were 
originally found), we immediately found glaze and it was perfectly 
obvious that here and no where else lay the explanation of the puzzle. 
The sides of the pit had foundered somewhat so we proceeded to 
dig, and, starting at the bottom, cleared the maiden chalk, and working 
upwards, came to softer chalk, containing flints all unglazed. Between 
this and the surface mould was a curious band of washy looking chalk, 
and at one point, to my great delight, a small pocket of beautiful brown 
sand, about a small bucket full, in which were lying three glorious 
flints with the polish of a gem. Above this in chalk, were many flints, all 
dull, also many flints, in mould, all dull. Later we found another little 
pocket with one bright flint in it on the other side of the pit." 

Mr. Passmore sent up specimens to Prof. E. Pay Lankaster, who, after 
subjecting them to various tests wrote (March 28th, 1920): — "It is 
certain that there is no deposit or ' Glaze ' on the surface of these flints 
but only a polishing of the surface. This has been proved by micro- 
scopic section at right angles to the surface. The polish has been 
produced by sand.driven over the flints either by water or by wind, most 
probably (but not certainly) by water." It is to be noted that very 

fine sand is present both at Collingbourne and Knowle. 

The British Museum has quite recently (1920) received a consignment 

of flints of Palaeolithic type from the Congo, numbers of which show 

signs of this same polish, in some instances as brilliant as that found 

at Knowle. 

Mr. O. G. S. Crawford has just (Sept., 1920) made the interesting 

discovery that .flints with polish precisely resembling those from 

Collingbourne Wood occur in the chalk pit close to Adam's Grave, the 

large Long Barrow on Walker's Hill, above Alton, and has given several 

examples to the Devizes Museum. 

Mr. F. Stevens, F.S.A., curator of the Salisbury Museum, has also 

discovered, quite recently, at Dewlish, in Dorset, a number of small 
white flints much rounded and water worn, many of them covered all 

over with a high polish, and in other cases with only portions of the 



184 Notes, 

surface polished. They were lying in a gravel composed of small 
white flint fragments of which the great mass showed no sign of the 
polish. Mr. Stevens' specimens are now in the Salisbury Museum. 

E. H. GODDARD. 

Interment at Durrington. A crouched skeleton was reported 
to have been found in May, 1916, in the course of trench digging at 
Durrington, but there was no record of any objects found with it. 

Late Celtic Iron objects of unknown use. In 

Wilts Arch. Mag., xxxv.^.p. 431, is illustrated an iron object found at 
Oliver's Camp, and in vol. xxxvi, p. 141, is a note on a precisely similar 
example in my own collection, found in a pit near Swindon. They 
consist of two pointed strips of iron rivetted together at right angles, 
the points bent into the form of hooks. It is there suggested that they 
may have been intended to keep panes of window glass in place. Prof. 
Flinders Petrie, however, in his Tools and Weapons, Egyptian 
Exploration Fund Report, 1917, figures two similar objects, Plates- 
LXXII. and LXXIIL, Figs. 64 and 66 respectively, the first of which 
is exactly like the Oliver's Castle example (now in the Devizes M useum), 
with the points bent to one side, whilst the second is so exactly like 
my own example that there can be no doubt as to their manufacture 
for the same purpose. Those figured by Petrie were rivetted to a 
straight handle, the end of which curls over to form a fifth hook, and 
they are described as flesh hooks for fishing out meat from a boiling 
pot.' The size of the Egyptian example exactly agrees with that of our 
Wiltshire specimens, and the date assigned to them, Late Celtic, is the 
same. In the Egyptian hooks the handles measure 10 and 16 inches 
respectively. A. D. Passmore. 

Triple Barrows in Wilts. The well-known triple barrows at 
Overton Hill and Shepherd's Shore seem to be of extreme rarity. A 
parallel case which I have just noticed may, therefore, be worth re- 
cording. In the Report for 1891 of the Imperial Archaeological 
Commission I of St. Petersburg, p. 161, there is described and figured a 
barrow at Pavlovka, S. Russia, similar and agreeing in size with that 
at Overton Hill. It contained many skeletons coloured red, and, 
judging from the contents of neighbouring barrows, seems to be of 
rather late date (roughly 500 B.C.), but is perhaps much earlier. 

A. D. Passmore. 

Norman Building at Swindon, When the new brickyard 
(near the canal at Rushey Piatt, and under Okus Hill, at Swindon, was 
made, they cut through the middle of a very large house of Norman 
date. The walls were very thick and quantities of pottery were found. 
I still have a lot of big jugs which can be more or less restored. 
Unfortunately my plan and measurements have gone astray, but I well 
remember a very large oblong space enclosed by walls two feet thick. 
One end of the building is still buried in the side of the hill. 

A. D. Passmore. 



Notes, 185 

Silbury Hill, The search for an elucidation of the origin of this 
mysterious mound has hitherto been directed on the tumulus itself 
and the comparative methods of modern archseology have been 
somewhat neglected. It is now proposed to discuss as a comparison 
certain Irish and French mounds, and although no conclusions will be 
arrived at, the study of several objects which seem to be of the same 
class is more likely to lead to a solution than the continued study of 
an isolated example. In the case of Silbury it is often stated (a) that 
the various excavations failed to find an interment in the centre because 
the centre was lost as the hill was irregularly constructed, or that the 
builders having placed the interment in the centre were not skilful 
enough to construct the mound with an accurate radius round it ; (6) 
that as the interment was not discovered centrally it was non-existent, 
or that the mound is non-sepulchral. 

In the first case {a) it can be demonstrated that the idea is based on 
fallacious premises. A consideration of the old ground surface in its 
original state leads to the conclusion that if the builders wished to 
inter a deposit centrally they could have done so with certainty. 
Taking the old surface, the area to be covered by the future mound 
must have been marked put first, because the surrounding ground had 
to be used as a quarry from which the material for the higher part was 
to be obtained. This arrangement was of two-fold advantage, as the 
inside of the quarry was to form the base of the mound itself, and the 
more they excavated round the base the higher and more imposing 
became their mound irrespective of what was placed on top. This 
preliminary scheme, as we read the mind of the ancient.architect, was 
the offspring of no mean brain. It was the matured labour saving 
device of a prehistoric but unfortunately nameless genius. 

Since, then, it is a fact that before work was commenced the circle 
of the mound was marked out, and as a circle is marked out with the 
greatest facility by a rope fastened to a central peg, we are bound to 
agree that the ancient originator knew the central spot very well, and 
if it had been his wish to place an interment there it would be there 
to-day no matter how irregularly the mound was constructed. The 
centre being fixed, the moment they began to dig the circumference 
would be fixed also, and no matter how the resultant chalk was heaped 
up neither could vary an inch. 

(6) Having proved that it was not the intention to inter centrally, 
must we think that the mound is not sepulchral ? or not a barrow in 
the generally accepted sense of a burial heap ? At this point we are 
helped by parallel mounds in Ireland, where are huge cairns up to 
250ft. in diameter, and 50ft. high, which, had they been excavated in 
the same way as Silbury, would have been pronounced non-sepulchral. 
These large Irish round cairns, when excavated, are found to have a 
passage, constructed of huge stones upright with roofing stones over 
leading into a large chamber containing the interment, which is not 
situated in the centre of the mound, but on the S.E. or E. side. A 
glance at the plans of New Grange, Dowth, Loughcrew, and Sliabh-na- 
Cailligh, will illustrate this, and show also that if we accept the big 
VOL. XLI — NO. CXXXIII. 



186 Notes. 

Irish round barrows as parallels then we know why there is nothing 
in the centre of Silbury, and are led to think that if some fortunate 
man dug into it on the chord of an arc wide of the centre and on the 
S.E. side he might find more than his predecessors. To strengthen the 
above evidence the writer has lately (1920) examined the large round 
mounds in the peninsula of Rhuys, Morbihan, France. Here the huge 
" Butte de Tumiac," 280ft. in diameter, and 60ft. high, was found on 
excavation to have a stone chamber situated a considerable distance 
east of the centre. Petit Mont, in the same region, is a large cairn, 30ft. 
high, the passage tomb of which is now exposed to view and is situated 
practically on the eastern edge of the tumulus. 

A. D. Passmore. 

Great Bedwyn Plant Notes, Mr. C. P. Hurst writes Oct., 

1920, that he has found the little club-rush Eleocharis (Scirpus) 
acicularis in abundance in the canal at Great Bedwyn. Preston only 
records it from the canal at Marston Meysey. He also records from 
Wilton Brails Wood, near Great Bedwyn, the rare Horsetail, Equisetum 
sylvaticum var. capillare (HoflFm): and from Dod's Down at the 
southern end of Wilton Brails Wood, Equisetum palustre var. 
polystacum (Weigel) growing on London clay. Both these varieties 
appear not to have been recorded for Wiltshire before. In addition 
Mr. Hurst has found near Great Bedwyn a hybrid, Scrophularia 
nodosa X S. Ehrhartii \_S. Hurslii (Druce)] which is new to the 
British Flora. 

Lydiard Millicent Natural History Notes. The Rev. 

D. P. Harrison writes Oct. 30th, 1920, noting what others must have 
noticed also, the singular absence this year of the common Small 
Tortoiseshell Butterfly and the great abundance on the other hand of the 
Red Admiral in the autumn. He notes that the Comma (G. album) 
which had been fairly numerous in certain spots for the last two years 
was not to be found this year. He saw two Clouded Yellows fC. edusa) . 
He reports a solitary Hooded Crow, of which bird he has only seen 
four or five in fifteen years. The Little Owl which first appeared six 
years ago is decidedly on the increase. " I have also heard five or 
six Landrails this summer, I am glad to say. I have not heard it for 
some years and had come to the conclusion that it was practically 
extinct in these parts." What Mr. Harrison says of the recent rarity 
of the Landrail at Lydiard is true also over a wide district of north 
Wilts. 

Field Names. WllCOt. The field " Ladies' Ground " is in an 
angle between the Devizes road and the Alton (West Stowell) boundary. 
Only a few hundred yards away is a field, also in West Stowell, called 
" Stanchester," beyond which are others called " Castle Grounds." I am 
not yet certain, but I think that the locality is described in King 
Egbert's charter of Aewelton in A.D. 828 (the last paragraph). "From 
Moxes down Southward . . . along Gewpres to Harepath then 



Notes. 187 

on to the dyke corner then along the die to creodan hill. I'hen to the 
Harepath against the xv aeceras. Then from there along harepath to 
Taegan mead & the Hatfield ancient boundaries." > 

The words underlined trace the boundary of West Stowell (if I am 
correct in my supposition) and bound the two fields " Stanchester " 
and " Ladies' Ground." With regard to the actual name of the field I 
have among some local notes which I have collected, the following : — 

A.D, 1748. The pieces of land some time since in the occupation of 
Thomas Edmonds as tenant to Lady Abingdon. 

(inter alia) 7| acres called Field Ground. 

A.D. 1752. Same list, with added words "All which are now in 
lawful possession of George Wroughton. 

In A.D. 1779 the above description is not used, but instead " Lady's 
Ground 7| acres." 

In 1820. Ladies Ground. 7. 3. 5. acres. 

In Tithe Award, A.D. 1839, No. 255, Ladies' Ground, 9. 3. 3. 

In Ordnance Survey 25 inch, A.D. 1900, it is in two portions, together 
9.924 acres, the portion where the bronze spear head (given by the 
Rev. W. S. Sykes to the Devizes Museum) was found being No. 252. 

Catherine, eldest daughter and coheiress of Sir Thomas Chamberlain, 
of Northbrook, married (I) Rt. Hon. Pilchard Ld. Viscount Wenman,by 
whom she had a son, Richard ; (2) l»t. Hon. James, Earl of Abingdon, 
d. May 22nd, 1699; (3) Francis Wroughton. of Eastcott (in Pewsey). 
She died Feb. 9th, 1741, and was buried at N. Newnton. 

W. S. Sykes. 

Sronze Age Interment at Lockeridge. The Times, Nov. 

I 17th, 1919, noted the discovery of an interment at Lockeridge only 3ft. 

: below the surface, the contents of which passed into the hands of Mr. 

J. W. Brooke, of Marlborough. The bones were sent up by Mr. Brooke 
to Prof. Keith, who (as reported in a local paper of Dec, 1919) replied 
as follows : — " All the bones you brought to me form parts of one man, 

I all save fragments of the second lower jaw which represents another 

individual. The condition of the bones and teeth are grey on fracture, 
dry, stick to the tongue, and may well be Bronze Age, or older, so far 
as their condition or preservation is concerned, 

" Only the frontal part of the skull has been preserved, the forehead 
and vault back to its middle. Also a few fragments of the base. So 
far as regards shape of the skull we have to rely on the frontal frag- 
ments. The prominent and strong eyebrow ridges and the width of 
the frontal bone at its hinder or coronal border, lead me to believe we 
are dealing with one of the round-headed beaker people. The width 
of the supra orbital ridges is 102 mm. and the frontal base at its widest, 
126 mm. 

"There are also preserved the upper and lower jaws with the teeth. 
There is no caries of the teeth, but their chewing surfaces are ground 
down in a remarkable and irregular manner, much more than is usual 
in Bronze Age people. There must have been grit in their meal ! The 
jaws are of the robust type so common in beaker people. 

2 



188 Notes. 

" As to the"age of this man, that is not an easy question to answer^ 
but taking all the signs into consideration I think you may put him 
down at about 50. He suffered from rheumatic changes in the spine- 
changes which bent and stiffened his back. In height he was about 
5ft. 4in. His thigh bone in its vertical height measures 415 mm. It 
is flattened very much in its upper third, just as the thigh bones of the 
beaker people, also the long barrow people, usually are. You will see 
that I am of opinion that you have found one of the round-headed 
beaker people, but the evidence is not strong enough to allow a decisive 
verdict." 

Accompanying the bones were fragments of an Early Bronze Age 
drinking cup and a flint dagger of the finest type, resembling Nos. 84 
and 856 in the Stourhead Collection, which were found in barrows near 
btonehenge and Durrington respectively, the former accompanied by a 
drinking cup. 

An Index to Hospitallers' Properties in Great 

Sritain. For more than ten years past I have been collecting 
material relating to the ancient properties of the Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem in the British Isles. These consist of printed articles and 
references to deeds in public or other collections and all other matter 
mentioning such properties. 

The following list is compiled as briefly as possible from my MSS. 

Where architectural remains are known to exist a * precedes the 
name, but information on this subject is desired respecting places 
which are not so marked. 

Templar properties which passed to the Order of St. John are marked 
T and Commanderies or Preceptories are marked C. 

Most of the earlier deeds will be found set out in extenso in that 
wonderful compilation of J. Delaville le Roulx, Cartulaire General de- 
de Vordre des Hospitallers de S. Jean de Jerusalem 1100 — 13 LO, 4 
vols., folio, Paris, 1894—1906. 

For the middle period we have what I have called The Malta Return 
of 1338, this is the extremely interesting Return of the Properties 
made by Prior Philip de Thame to the Grand Master Elgan de Villa- 
neuve in that year ; this not only gives an exact account of the lands 
and houses held by the Order and their values, but it also estimates 
the live stock, and recounts the number of servants employed, and 
throws much light upon the daily life of the Knights in England and 
it gives the annual amount of Imoney possible to be transmitted to 
headquarters in the Mediterranean. This document is still preserved 
in the Public Library, Valetta, with a vast number of other ancient 
documents of the Order, and it has been printed by the Camden Society 
under the title of " The Knights Hospitallers in England^^' edited by 
the Rev. Lambert B. Larking, M.A., and John Mitchell Kemble, M.A., 
1857. 

The next list of importance is the "Valor Ecclesiasticus " of Henry 
VIII., but this is disappointingly small and would lead one to think 



Notes, 189 

that the Order had disposed of much of its property during the dis- 
quieting times of the general dissolution of the religious houses and 
Henry's increasing opposition to the Order. 

Ivastof all we have the Patent Roll, 4 — 5, Philip and Mary 15, in which 
the Queen re-constitutes the Order in England and gives it a large 
amount of property, all of which one would suppose had previously 
belonged to them, and yet I have been unable to trace any earlier 
mention of a very large number of the places so named. 

List of Deeds, &c., connected with Hospitallers' Property in 

Wiltshire. 
Abbreviations used : — 
B, Baildon transcript of Patent Roll, 4 and 5 Philip and Mary. 

0. G. Le Roulx, Cartulaire General. 

L. & K. Larking & Kemble, Hospitallers in England, 
M. R. The Malta 1338 Return. 
P. R. Patent Roll, 4 and 5 Philip and Mary. 

^ Ansty. C. Bibliography. L. & K., pp. 7, 22, 215, 222. A. 
Mifsud ''Knights Hospitallers of England in Malta^^ pp. 53, 61. 
Malta, 1916. Deeds, Letter from Fr. W^g. de Segrave, Preceptor of, to 
the Grand Master, 1326. British Museum MS. Additional, 11225. ■ 
M. R. Fifteen acres at Anstey. Record Office, Rot. litt. pat. 22 
Edward L membr. 3, A.D., 1294, No. 4261. Richard L confirms -the 
possessions of the Hospitallers at Anstey. Record Office ancient 
Charters, Chancery T. 39, I7th Sept., 1 189. C. G., No. 878. Henry III. 
gives to the Hospitallers the right to hunt on their land at Anstey. 
Record Office Rot. chart., 35 Henry IIL, membr. 2, A.D. 1251. C. G. 
No. 2571. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 

Boyton. Deed. P. R. Membr., 7. B. 71. 

Bratton. Deed. P. R. Membr., 7. B. 71. 

Broad Chalke. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 

Burbage. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 

Calne. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 

Chisenbury (in Enford). Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 

■*^ Cricklade. Bibliography. F. S. Thacker, " The Stripling 
Thames,'' pp. 326, 462, with plan. London, 1909. 

Devizes. A correspondent of the Wiltshire Gazette, July 22nd and 
August 19th, 1920, calls attention to some houses, 31 and 32, Bridewell 
Street, and suggests that they were the property of the Knights 
Hospitallers, but it seems that they were more probably a portion of 
the property of a hospital which was purely a Devizes foundation. 

Jiindon. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 

Lacock. Deed. P. R. Membr. 8. B. 71. 

Lockeridge (in Overton). T. Bibliography. L. & K., p. 187. Deed. 

k. R. 

Marlborough. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B, 71. 
North Bradley. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 
Ruahall. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 



190 Notes, 

Salisbury. Deed. F. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 
Stockton. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 
Swallowcliff. Bibliography. L. k K., p. 7. Deed. M. R. 
Temple Rockley (in Ogbourne St. Andrew) T. Bibliography. L. & 
K., p. 187. Deeds, M. R., P. R. Membr. 8. B. 71. 
Trowbridge. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 
Warminster. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 
West Lavington. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 
Whitborne (in Corsley). Deed. P. R. Membr. 8. B. 71. 
Worton. Deed. P. R. Membr^ 7. B. 71. 
Wylye. Deed. P. R. Membr. 7. B. 71. 

For any further information as to any properties of the Order in 
Wiltshire, addressed to me at St. John's Gate, Clerkenwell, London, 
E.G. 1, I should be grateful. H. W. Fincham. 

Buckler Drawings of Great Challield. Mr. R Fuller 

possesses the following drawings of Great Chalfield by Buckler, uniform 
with those in the Society's collection: — Church and House from the 
N.W., 1808. Church and House from the N.E., 1823. Ground Plan; 
Church and House from N.W. ; East end of House ; Interior of Hall ; 
all of -1823. 

Bronze Age interment at Ratfyn, Amesbury In June, 

1920, the workmen employed by the Board of Agriculture in the 
erection of Pise and other cottages at Amesbury, whilst excavating 
a pit for building material about 175 yards N.E. of Ratfyn Barrow 
(Amesbury, No. 57), cut into a skeleton at a depth of about 2ft. Sin. 
from the surface, the grave being about 7ft. long. A second skeleton 
was found at the feet of the first and this skeleton Mr. Percy Farrer 
extracted with his own hands. He says " The bones had been somewhat 
disturbed, the lower jaw, for instance, lying about 6in. away from the 
skull. It appeared as if the body had been dropped in anyhow, for the 
skull actually rested on the thigh bone. . . . Close to the place where 
the head of the first skeleton lay, the workmen, in my presence, turned up 
the stone axe head. . . . Close to the grave on the N. side is a pit 
filled with dark soil, which contained some fragments of charcoal. 
. . , The excavation cuts through a wide shallow trench about 9ft 6in. 
wide, and I8in. to 21 in. deep at centre, about 15ft. away from the N. 
end of the grave. In the N.W. side of the excavation was found, I under- 
stand, an urn containing bones. The bones had all crumbled in the 
urn, which was in a very shallow hole, not more than 15in. deep, and 
was in fragments. I collected some of the fragments. ... It has 
been suggested that the interment was previously under a barrow, now 
destroyed by cultivation, the wide trench being part of the ditch of 
the barrow. This of course is possible." The site was visited by the 
Rev. G. H. Engleheart, Mr. Mill Stephenson, and Mr. R. Newall, and 
they agreed that it was a crouched burial of the Bronze Age. Mr. 
Engleheart writes that the perforated stone axe-hammer " is a fine and 
perfect specimen, made of dark green-gray close-grained quartzite, an 






Notes, ^ ' 191 

is very similar to the one figured in Evans' Ancient Stone Implements^ 
2nd Edition, p. \M,fig. 126." 

The bones of the skeleton, much broken up, and a few fragments of 
apparently more than one urn of Bronze Age pottery, the fragments 
showing old and not recent fractures, have been sent to the Salisbury 
Museum, and it is understood that the axe-hammer will be placed 
there also. 

Coppie of a Books of the Survey of the Devizes 
Old Parke & every man's name in particular 
taken Aprill the 8th. In the Yeare of Our Lord 
1654. By John May. 

[Presented to the Museum, with a vellum map, by Mr. J. T. Jackson. 
1900.] A. R. P. 

1. William Collings houldeth Twelve Parcells of 

Ground lying at the South west part of the 

Parke contayning in all 27—3—0 

2. Richarde Streete houldeth 4 grounds next ad- 

joyning Eastward contayning by measure 10 — 2-™2 

3. Robert Pope k William Bunny hould Sixe 

Grounds at the West end of the Parke con- 

tayninge - 42—2—9 

4. Mr. Stephen White houldeth Nine grounds 

lying towards Cane hill that was Potters 

contayning 62—3—39 

And Mr. Stephen White houldeth Seven other 
Grounds called the Lodge Grounds with the 
Ground about the Lodge contayninge 41 — 2 — 24 

And Mr. White houldeth Sixe other Grounds 

shooting upon Black Water contayning 31 — 1 — 32 

&. William Dicke houldeth Sixe Grounds that 
were Batemans shootinge towards Blacke 
Water contayninge 46 — 2—33 

And William Dicke houldeth sixe other Grounds 
lying in the South side of the Castle con- 
tayning 23—1 — 22 

6. Mr. Anthony Martin houldeth twelve Grounds 

lying East of William Dike that were Bate- 
mans contayninge 53 — 2—1 

7. Mr. John Kent houldeth one dwelling house 

with five Grounds lying at Cane hill & in 

Compton's hands contayning 17 — 3 — 19 
And Mr. John Kent houldeth Three other 

Grounds contayning 10 — 3 — 26 

8. Edmond Potter houldeth five parcells of Ground 

contayning 12—3 — 14 

9. William Alford houldeth Sixe Grounds con- 

tayning 23—0—13 



192 . Notes. 

10. Mris Flower houldeth one little cottage house 

with two little Grounds thereunto adjoyning 

contayning 5 — 1 — 20 

11. Henry Barrett houldeth five Grounds contayning 21—1—37 

12. Mr. Edward Peirce & Thomas Potter hould one 

dwelling house with one orchard adjoyning ; 
and one other little dwelling house & nine 
Parcells of Ground lyinge in the North side 
of the Brooke contayning 28 — 3 — 39 

And Mr. Edward Peirce houldeth Ten Parcells 
of Ground lying in ye South side of the 
Brooke contayning 27 — 2 — 5 

13. Mr. Richard Peirce houldeth fower Groundes 

contayning 11 — 1 — 16 

14. William Barnes houldeth five Grounds con- 

tayning 11—2—39 

15. John Munday houldeth Eight Grounds con- 

tayning 13—3—12 

16. John Overton houldeth One Ground contayning 2 — 1 — 15 

17. Mr. Thomas Kent houldeth fower Groundes 

contayning 18 — 2—38 

18. Mr. John Tayler houldeth Seven Groundes con- 

tayning 35 — 1 — 

19. Mr. John Eyles houldeth one orchard and Sixe 

little meadowes, and the north west Browe ' 
of the Castle contayninge 14—0 — 20 

20; John Spencer th'elder houldeth all ye rest of 
the Castle with the Gardens that are next the 
Towne & all the rest of the Gardens con- 
tayning 11—1—20 

Edward Effington houldeth one dwelling 
house together with one Garden and a 
Bowling Alley contayning — 2 — 

There is alsoe one little Plott of Ground at Mr. 
John Kents orchards end & in his Possession 
contayning — — 10 

Alsoe one little Plott of garden ground lying at 
the East end of the Castle Meade and 
shooting into the Towne Garden and is be- 
longinge to the Parke contayning — — 10 



The whole number of Acres belonginge to the 
Devizes Old Parke <fe Castle is Sixe hundred 
& Seven acres, Three Roodes & five & thirty 
Perches. A. R. P. 



607—3—35 



When you finde the letters A: R: P: standing 
over the head of the figures in the Mapp ; 



Notes. 193 

Know that the letter A standeth for acres : 
The letter R. standeth for Roodes or Quarters 
of an acre : and the letter P, standeth for 
Perches Poles or Luggs. 

[Transcribed from the MS. copy on two sheets of paper — of apparently 
about the date of the original, in the Society's Library. E. H. G.] 

Objects from Barrows in Scratohbury Camp. In the 

centre of Scratchbury Camp, and within the inner oval entrenchment 
marked by Hoare in his plan of this camp in Ancient Wilts, Vol. I,, 
p. 68. is a barrow of which (p. 70) he says, " Within this work (the 
inner earthwork) is a large circular barrow, No. 1 (on plan) but not 
above three feet in elevation. It' contained an interment of burned 
bones, with which were deposited a small lance head of brass, a large 
amber ring, above fifty beads of the same material, a piece of brass 
two or three inches long, resembling a screw, and another bit of twisted 
brass, all of which are preserved in the Museum of Miss Benet at 
Norton House. . , . No. 2 contained, within a cist in the chalk, 
an interment of burned bones, and some articles of bone, two of which 
were about 2 inches long, and flat, and the third was either a pin or 
arrowhead, neatly polished to a very sharp point." These barrows in 
the " List of Prehistoric Antiquities," Wilts Arch. Mag., xxxviii, 296, 
are numbered " Norton Bavant I. and II.," and when the " List" was 
compiled in 1913 the present whereabouts of the objects found was not 
known, and it was stated that they were lost. Major Vere Benett 
Stanford, of Hatch House, Tisbury, however, writing in 1915, conveyed 
the welcome intelligence that a number of them are still preserved in 
a case in the drawing room at Hatch House. He subsequently sent 
me details and sketches of these objects, from which it appears that 
amongst them are part of a bronze pin, Ifin. in length, with round flat 
top and projecting knop on the stem, which is ornamented with 
ribs, figured by Dr. Thurnam from Hoare's " LTnpublished Plates" in 
Archceologia, XLIII., p. 468, fig. 169 and in Evans' Bro7ize, p. 369, fig. 
455 ; and a bronze awl or pin, with spiral twisted point, broken ofi", 
and square tang, l|in. in length, also figured by Thurnam from the 
same source, p. 466, fig. 167 ; which are doubtless the "piece of brass 
resembling a screw" and "another bit of twisted brass" mentioned 
by Hoare. I'here are also preserved at Hatch the " large amber ring," 
Igin. in outside diameter ; twenty of the fifty smaller amber beads, the 
narrow point of a bronze knife or dagger, l^in in length, perhaps a 
part of the " small lance head of brass two or three inches long," and 
a curious bone pin, 3§in. long, with three holes in the head, which 
says Major Vere Benett Stanford " fits into the hollow of a longer piece 
of bone." There is also a curious piece of bone about I^in. long, with 
a hole bored through each end, and between these perforations two 
worked hollows not perforating the bone. These bone objects probably 
are those mentioned by Hoare as found in barrow 2 (Norton Bavant 
II.). There are also at Hatch House a flint arrow or lance head " of 



194 Wills Ohikiary. 

exceptionally fine work," l|in. in length, a "fine bronze celt about 4in. 
long, and a bronze spoon, the bowl broken." 

E. H. GODDARD, 

Amphora from Stratford-sub- Castle. Major V. Benett 

Stanford also wrote (1914) that his father, Capt. J. Benett Stanford, 
many years ago bought from an old man at Stratford-sub-Castle a large 
two-handled Roman amphora of thick pottery about 3ft. 6in. high, the 
pointed base of which is broken off. This had been found somewhere 
in the neighbourhood. 



WILTS OBITUARY. 



Norman John Wills, died Jan. 6th, 1920, aged 51. Buried in 
London Road Cemetery, SaJisbary. Born in Cornwall, he came to 
Salisbury in 1890, as Head Master of the New National Schools at St. 
Mark's, where he remained until his death, prominent in everything 
that went on at St. Mark's, choir master, lay reader, conductor of the 
children's services, an able teacher and organiser, he won the esteem 
of all classes in Salisbury. 

Obit notice, Salisbmy Journal, Jan, 10th, 1920. 

Herbert Mundy, died April 25th, 1920, aged 68. Buried at Trow- 
bridge. S._ of George Mundy, b. at Trowbridge, Dec. 21st, 1851. 
Educated at Trowbridge Grammar School, began life as clerk in the 
office of J. Graham Foley, auctioneer, where he remained all his life, 
becoming senior partner in the firm of Foley, Son, and Mundy. He 
never married. He took a very active and useful part in the life of 
Trowbridge ; he was for twenty years a member of the Urban Council, 
and since 1907 had served as churchwarden of the Parish Church, He 
was also a prominent Freemason. 

A long obit, notice, with portrait, Wiltshire Times, May 1st ; 
Wiltshire Gazette, April 29th, 1920. 

Edward I.aver, died April 25th, 1920, aged 67. B. at Rowde, April 
4th, 1853, s. of James Laver. Apprenticed in Wiltshire Independent 
office. After a short time spent at Merthyr he returned to Devizes and 
joined the staff of the Devizes Advertiser, with which he continued till 
his death, as foreman, reporter, acting editor, and manager, . He served 
in the Wilts Volunteers from 1869 to 1901, rising to the rank of 
Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant., a post in which he showed much 
organizing ability. He did good service as a Guardian and in other 
capacities. He took an active part on the Liberal side in politics. 
Obit notice, Wiltshire Gazette, April 29th, 1920. 

Henry Theodore Cookson, died June 9th, 1920, aged 61. Buried 
at Corsley, B. 23rd July, 1859, fifth son of W. I. Cookson, of Benwell 
Tower, Northumb. Married d. of John Woods, Benton Hall, Northumb, 



Wilts Obituary, 195 

Was long a member of the County Council, and J. P. for Wilts. He 
lived at Sturford Mead. 

Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, June 17th, 1920. 

Iiieut. Brian Kiichardson Tockney, died June ist, 1920, from 

phthisis contracted on service, aged 25. Buried at Wandsworth. Second 
s. of Capt, W. A. Yoekney, of Chippenham. Joined Wilts Yeomanry 
as trooper on outbreak of war, and received commission in Koyal 
Anglesey R.E. in 1915. Served in Egypt, France, and in the Army of 
Occupation on the Rhine. 

Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, June 10th, 1920, 

William Mackay, died at Polebarn Mouse, Trowbridge, July loth, 
1920, aged 84. Buried at Trowbridge. B. April 25th, 1836, eldest 
s. of Donald Mackay, of Braemore, Caithness. Married d. of W. H. 
Tucker, who, died many years ago. Associated with firm of W. H. 
Tucker & Co., clothiers, as partner, and afterwards head of the firm. 
J. P. for Wilts. He never took any prominent part in public matters. 
A Conservative and churchman. His daughters, wives of Major Reeves, 
R.F.A., and Rev. N. Thwaites, Yicar of Holy Trinity, Trowbridge, 
survive him. 

Obit, notice, Wiltshire Times, July 17th, 1920. 

IiUCy Mackay, died Aug. 1st, 1920, aged 77. Buried at Trowbridge 
Cemetery. I), of W. H. Tucker, of Frome. Born at Trowbridges 
1843. Wife of Alexander Mackay, and since his death, twenty-five 
years ago, sole owner of the Ashton and Lower Court Woollen Mills, 
(Messrs. Palmer & ]\Iackay,) Trowbridge. Greatly respected in Trow- 
bridge. 

Obit, notice, Wiltshire Times, Aug. 7th, 1920. 

John Frederick Stancomb, Died July, 1920, buried atTrowbridge, 
Called to the Bar 1873, and joined the Western Circuit. J. P. for 
Wilts, 1883. Chairman of the Melksham bench. Lived at Shaw 
House. A giver to good objects at Shaw and Melksham. He built 
and presented the Institute to Shaw, and was a generous supporter of 
the Cottage Hospital, Reading Rooms, Territorials, and other public 
institutions at Melksham. 

Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, July 29th and Aug. 5th, 1920. 

Edwin Charles Beaven, died Aug. 25th, 1920. Buried at Holt. 
Youngest s. of Thomas Beaven, he was all his life connected with the 
firm of .VI essrs. J. & T. Beaven, Ltd., wool staplers and leather dressers, a 
firm which has existed for over two hundred years. J. P. for Wilts. In 
1889 President of the Wilts and East Somerset Congregational Union, 
one of the founders and chief supporters of the Congregational School 
at Holt, and held the posts of senior deacon, hon. organist, &c., at the 
Congregational Church, to which his death is a great loss. Married 
Frances Mary, d. of G. B. Ellison, of Birkenshaw, Yorks. 



196 Wilts Obituary, 

Obit, notices, Wiltshire Times, Aug. 28th ; Wiltshire Gazette, Sept. 
2nd, 1920. 

Capt. James Thomas Bradfield, aged 26? Killed in action 

against hostile Arabs at Sharaban, Mesopotamia, Aug,, 1920. B. at 
Marlborough, apprenticed as a carpenter. Joined Territorial Batt,, 
Som. Light Infantry, went to India, Dec, 1914, thence to An dam a.» 
Islands, where he received commission. After being invalided home 
he went to Mesopotamia with lst/4th Somersets. Appointed assistant 
political officer and promoted Captain 1920. He was in command of a 
company of Arab Levies, over whom he had great influence. 
Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, Aug. 26th, 1920. 

Frank Bazley, died Sept. nth, 1920. Buried at Devizes Cemetery. 
B. 1861, at Falkland, near Norton St. Philip, Som. S. of a well-known 
veterinary surgeon, he qualified M.R.C.V.S. London, and came to 
Devizes in 1885 to practice as a veterinary surgeon, gradually developing 
a very wide and well-known practice. He took a leading part in the 
movement for a more efficient training of shoeing smiths in the county. 
He married Florence Pike, of Hilperton. He possessed a remarkable 
collection of horseshoes, As veterinary surgeon he held responsible 
official posts, and was much esteemed in the Devizes neighbourhood. 
Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, Sept. 16th, 1920. 

Dr. John Tubb Thomas, L.R.C.P., L.R.C.S., D.P.H., died Sept. 

27th, 1920. Buried at Risca, Mon. S of Will. Thomas, of Trevethin, 
Mon. B. 1855. Educated Queen's Coll., Cork, Edinburgh, and Cambridge. 
Held Commissions in 1st Worcester, 1st Monmouthshire, and 1st Devon 
Artillery Volunteers. Played Rugby football for Wales and Ireland. 
One of the founders of the Wilts Bowls Association. He had travelled 
much. Was appointed the first Medical Officer of Healthfor Wilts by 
the County Council in 1899. He had previously held similar posts at 
Lowestoft and in Leicestershire. He was obliged by failing health to 
resign his post in Feb., 1920. He frequently contributed to the medical 
press. He married a daughter of Evan Cross, of Risca, Mon. 
Obit, notice, with portrait, Wiltshire Times, Oct. 2nd, 1920. 

Jacob Selman, died Oct. 21st, 1920. Buried at Kington Langley. 
B. Oct. 29th, 1848, at Kington Langley, he farmed Clapcote Farm, 
Grittleton, for 23 years, returning to live at Kington Langley when he 
gave it up. A successful a-nd very practical farmer, he sat on the 
County Council for many years and was a member of several of the 
committees, on which he rendered good service. He held many other 
posts and was held in much respect. Until advancing age prevented 
him, he was a regular attendant of the Wilts Archaeological Society's 
meetings and excursions. He leaves a widow, three sons, and six 
daughters. 

Obit, notice, Wiltshire Gazette, Oct. 28tli, 1920. 



197 



WILTSHIKE BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, 
AND AETICLES. 

[N.B. — This list does not claim to be in any way exhaustive. The Editor 
appeals to all authors and publishers of pamphlets, books, or views, in 
any way connected with the county, to send him copies of their works, 
and to editors of papers, and members of the Society generally, to send 
him copies of articles, views, or portraits, appearing in the newspapers.] 

The Boundaries of the Administrative County of 
Wilts, with an Introduction and Four Maps, by 
Lord Fitzmaurice and W, I., Bown Printed by 
George Philip & Son. [1920] 

Wrappers, 4to, pp., including title, 28. Four coloured Maps of the 
County, "Showing Hundreds," "Showing Highway Divisions (under 
the Act of 1864)," "Showing Unions & Sanitary Divisions in 1878, 
including Overlapping Areas," " Showing Modern Divisions." 

This most useful work traces in detail the evolution of the adminis- 
trative divisions of the County, from the Hundred, which consisted of 
a number of parishes, themselves frequently divided into Tithings. 
" Many of these parishes and some to an almost incredible extent, lay 
scattered about in small pieces lying apart from each other. Some 
parishes were also situated in more than one county. There was also 
a considerable amount of extra-parochial land, and some liberties and 
forests." This condition of things continued until 1832, when the 
detached areas were merged in the counties by which they were sur- 
rounded, and Parliament " began to attempt to establish a system of 
County 'and Local Government." The effects of the various Acts 
passed since the New Poor Law of 1834, and the Highway Act of 1835, 
are very carefully described, down to the present time, with the existing 
machinery of Local Government which has resulted from them, together 
with the changes in County and Parish boundaries and the formation 
of the administrative areas of the Unions, &c. It is noted that 
Wiltshire " in some remote period of history during pre-Norman times, 
was cut out of the ancient kingdom of Wessex and was formed into a 
subordinate administrative area or shire." The decision as to what 
was included in it, . . . probably depended mainly on the liability 
of manors for military service, and on the payment of tithes and 
attendance on the County Courts." In the reign of William the 
Conqueror " Waleran the Huntsman " transferred certain "yardlands " 
on the border of the New Forest from Hampshire into Wiltshire. At 
an inquiry under the Acts of 1888 and 1894, at Fordingbridge, the 
opinion was expressed by some of the witnesses that these " yardlands " 
were represented by the Wiltshire parish of Bramshaw which projected 
into Hampshire, and which it was then proposed to transfer from 



198 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

Wiltshire into Hampshire, as was subsequently done. From the time 
of this early transaction until 1832 no evidence exists of any change in 
the area of the County having taken place." 

The contents of the book are as follows : — " Alterations of County 
Boundary," " Alterations of Borough Boundaries," " Alterations in 
Union Boundaries,'' "Orders under Divided Parishes Act, 1876," 
"Orders under Local Government Acts, 1888 and 1894," " List of 
Parishes Merged in other Parishes," " List of New Parishes created," 
"Parliamentary Divisions, 1918," "List of Hundreds." 

The authors have provided a vast amount of intricate information, 
difficult to get at from other sources, and have given us a series of 
extremely clear and excellent coloured maps, which show at a glance 
the divisions at different periods. 

Sherston. Trinity Tuesday Pair. On June 1st, 1920, the 

festivities on Trinity Tuesday, which had been suspended since the 
outbreak of the war in 1914, were held again for the first time. The 
Wiltshire Gazette, June 3rd, 1920, reports : — "At 6.30 in the evening 
the hum and bustle of the pleasure fair suddenly ceased, and a Court 
Leet and Court Baron was held,fthe officials mounting on to the platform 
of a roundabout to address the parishioners, of whom, and visitors to 
the village on pleasure bent, there was quite a multitude. Mr. George 
Henry Hill, as bailifi" to the lord of the manor, opened the court leet, 
in the performance of which ancient custom was observed. The court 
leet was rendered necessary to confirm the bailiff's action in granting 
permission to the amusement caterers to pitch in Sherston Street. 
The bailiff thrice rang the bell, and then the formula was " Oyez ! 
Oyez! Oyez! Mr. Chairman, homagers, and jurymen of the court 
leet and court baron of Charles Ptiehard Estcourt Cresswell, 
Esquire, lord of the manor of Sherston Magna — you have been sum- 
moned here to remove the barrier placed upon these amusement caterers 
for the duration of the war, and to fulfil your promise to the people of 
Sherston that their ancient rights should be restored to them. Gentlemen 
of the Jury, I ask you to do this in the name of the lord of the manor. 
God save the King." 

The Dead Drummer. By S. M. Ellis. A short but interesting 
article in the Daily Sketch, June 9th, 1920, giving the true story 
of the murder of the drummer boy immortalised in The Ingoldshy 
Legends. Jar vis Matcham was born at Frodingham, Yorks, in the 
eighteenth century, began life as a stable boy, entered the Navy, 
deserted, joined the army, deserted again, and again enlisted in the 
' 49th Foot. Whilst stationed at Huntingdon with a recruiting party in 
August, 1780, he was sent with a drummer boy named Benjamin Jones, 
aged 15 or 16, to Diddington-, to obtain some subsistence money. On 
their return he induced the boy to go out of the way towards Alconbury, 
and at a lonely spot — still called Matcham's, Bridge — knocked him 
down and cut his throat for the sake of the £7 he was carrying. 
Matcham fled, and enlisted again in the Navy, and saw much active 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 199 

service under Hood and Rodney. Paid ofi" at Plymouth in 1786 he 
proceeded with a shipmate towards Salisbury, when, during a violent 
thunderstorm at night he thought he saw the apparition of the murdered 
drummer boy beating his\drum. He confessed his crime of six years 
before, was taken to the Salisbury magistrates, who committed him 
for trial at Huntingdon, where he was executed Aug. 2nd, 1786, his 
body being gi-bbeted on Alconbury Hill. Sir Walter Scott told the 
story of the apparition to Mrs. Hughes, wife of Canon Hughes, of St. 
Paul's, the grandmother of Thomas Hughes, author of Tom Brown. 
She was a great friend of Richard Harris Barham and inspired many 
of the "Ingoldsby Legends." In a note to the "Dead Drummer" 
Barham stated that the names and localities had been scrupulously 
retained, and he gave minute directions to George Cruikshank as to the 
illustrations which he was to design. " Scene. Salisbury Plain, bare 
and without trees ; a cross-road with a direction post, one index marked 
''To Lavington,' the other 'To Devizes'; beneath it the Ghost of a 
Drummer Boy beating his drum," &c., <&c. The site was to the east 
of Tilshead, " where the Lavington Road branch'd off to the left from 
from the one to Devizes." The murder itself, as has been said, took 
place near Huntingdon— though the apparition appeared on Salisbury 
Plain. 

Date of Sir Thomas Laurence's birth. In an article by 

Edward Kite on " The Early Days of Sir Thomas Lawrence " in the 
Wiltshire Gazette, April 8th, 1920 (noticed Wilts Arch. Mag., xli,, 92), 
which also appeared in the Connoisseur, April, 1920, the date of the 
artist's birth was given as May 6th, 1769. In the June, 1920, number 
of the Connoisseur, p. 103, Mr. Richard Quick, of Bristol Museum, 
corrects this date to April 13th, 1769, and justifies his correction by a 
photograph of a page of baptisms in 1769 in the baptismal register of 
the Church of St. Philip, Bristol, showing this entry, "May 4, Thos., 
son of Thomas Laurence." The date (April 13th) he sgiys is given on 
his gravestone in St. Paul's Cathedral, and also on an engraving by 
R. Rowbotham of the house No. 6 Red Cross Street, Bristol, where 
he was born. Latimer, in the Annals of Bristol, he says, is wrong in 
giving the date of the birth as May 5th and the baptism May 6th. In 
Wilts Gazette, June l7th, Mr. Kite writes again, stating that he gave 
the date of May 6th on the ground that the artist's father, Thomas 
Laurence, sen., writing to the Rev. Henry Kent in April, 1790, says 
that his son "will be one and twenty the 6th of May," but acknowledging 
the difficulty of reconciling this with the page of the register. It can 
hardly be doubted that the register is right and that Thomas Laurence, 
sen., was wrong. 

Seend Monumental Inscriptions. In the Genealogist, Jan., 

* 1920, N.S., Vol. XXX VI., Pt. IIL, pp. 126—133, Mr. Arthur Schomberg 
gives abstracts of the wills of Wadham Locke (June 27th, 1775) ; 
Bridgen Locke (Feb. 24th, 1789) ; Thomas Locke (Feb. 14th, 1798) ; 
Wadham Locke, (April 22nd, 1799) ; Commissioner Isaac Schomberg, 
R.N. (June 12th, 1807) ; Charles Bythesea (Dec. 3rd, 1819). 



200 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

William Iiamplugh, Rector of Alton Barnes, died Nov. 2nd, 1737. 
aged 37. His arms and an inscription to his memory, which says that 
he rebuilt the Parsonage House, is in the glass of a north window in 
the Church. A short note on his life by A. Schomberg appeared in 
Misc. Gen. et Her., 2nd Ser., Vol. IV., p. 146, 

The Will of John de Bleobury, with short notes on his life 
by Edward Kite and Arthur Schomberg, is printed in Misc. Gen. et Her., 
Dec, 1919. He held some appointment under Bp. William de Edington, 
and in 1358 held the living of Market |Lavington, then in the gift of 
the Bishop. He was a liberal benefactor of the College of 
Augustinian Friars formed by the Bishop at Edington, granting to 
the Rector and the Brethren of the house property in Coleshill and 
Burcote (Co. Berks). He also leaves bequests to John de Aylesbury, 
the first rector, and each inmate of the house, in his will. Bishop 
Edington, dying in 1366, appoints Bleobury, the Rector of Witney. 
Oxon, one of his executors. Dying himself in 1372, he appoints as 
his own executors Thomas Hungerford and John Corf, Rector of 
Collingbourne Abbatis. He was buried at Shillingford, Berks. 

In Pursuit of Spring by Edward Thomas. Thomas 
Nelson and Sons, Iiondon, Edinburgh, Dublin, and 
New York. [1914] 

Cloth, 8vo, pp. 301, Bird's-eye map of country inside cover. Six 
illustrations. This is the literary record of a journey on a bicycle 
from London to the Quantock Hills, at Easter time. Of the ten 
chapters four have more or less to do with Wiltshire : — " From 
Duiibridge over Salisbury Plain," " Three Wessex Poets," " The Avon, 
the Biss, the Frome," and "Trowbridge to Shepton Mallet." The 
traveller enters Wiltshire at West Dean on p. 130, goes on through 
Salisbury, over the Plain to Lavington,by Erlestoke,Tinhead,Edington, 
Steeple Ashton, Semington, Melksham,Trowbridge, Bradford, Wingfield, 
and Farleigh Hungerford, and so out of the county on page 218. The 
chapter on the three " Wessex " Poets, Stephen Duck, William Barnes, 
and Thomas Hardy, is probably the best in the book — the rest of the 
book is readable prattle of what the author felt like, who he met, what 
they said, with here and there the impression a place made on him, or 
a tombstone (he is fond of tombstones, but not of Churches), and 
occasional quotations of verse appropriate to the occasion. 

Salisbury Cathedral. Commemoration of the 700th 
Anniversary of the Foundation, on June 24th, 

1920. The great service attended by thirty-two Bishops, between 
six hundred and seven hundred Freemasons, a very large number of 
Clergy, and the Mayors of Wilts and Dorset, was fully described in the 
Salisbury Times, June 25th, Salisbury Journal, June 26th, the Wiltshire 
Telegraph of June 26th, the Wiltshire Gazette, July 1st, and other 
Wiltshire papers. The sermon preached by Bp. C. H. Brent, of Western 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 201 

New York, was printed in full in the Salisbury Journal (which gave 
two illustrations, The Procession of Bishops leaving the Cathedral, and 
the Group of the Bishop of Salisbury and Visiting Bishops at the 
door of the Palace), and in Wiltshire Gazette, July 8th, 1920. The 
Bishop traces the influence of the cult of the Virgin Mary in the 13th 
century as the moving influence in the great outburst of Church 
building of that age, especially as seen in the splendid group of Mary 
Churches in England and Northern France ; dwelling, too, on the great 
names of the past connected with Salisbury— " for Salisbury has been 
a nursery of leaders in the English Church." 

Th8 Salisbury Times, June 25th, 1920, gave a remarkable view from 
an aeroplane of the Cathedral and Palace ; also an article by F. S(tevens), 
sketching the history of the founding and building of the Cathedral, 
and further notes on the subsequent history of the building, with a 
translation of the Bull of Pope Honorius authorizing the removal from 
Old to New Sarum. 

An article on "Salisbury Cathedral," by Canon J. M. Fletcher 
shortly sketching its history, and mentioning the more prominent 
amongst those who have held prebendal stalls, appeared in the Morning 
Post, and was reprinted in full in the Wiltshire Gazette of June 24th, 
1920, whilst another article by the same author, " The Grace of Sarum," 
sketching the history of the diocese and the removal from Old to New 
Sarum, appeared in The Times, June 24th, 1920. 

The Wild Boar in Savernake. An interesting letter from 
J. E. Harting appears in the Times Literary Supplement, Oct. 30th, 
1919, protesting against the statement in a review of a book on hunting 
in the issue of Oct. 16th that "The Wild Boar became extinct in 
England in the twelfth century." Mr. Harting quotes several entries 
in accounts of the reign of Hen. VIII. showing that there were wild 
boars in Durham as late as 1533, and that they were commonly hunted 
in Elizabeth's reign. James I. eat " Wild Boar pye " at Whalley, in 
Lancashire, in 1617, and hunted boars at Windsor in the same year. 
When Hen. VIII. visited Wulfhall in 1539 and 1543 the "Household 
Book " of Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, contains this entry : — 
"Paid to Morse and Grammatts for helping to take the Wylde Swyne 
in the forrest 4"^. And for 8 hempen halters to bynd their legs 4<^." 
The latest entry known to Mr. Harting which refers to Wild Boars in 
England is in 1683, in an account book of the Manor of Chartley. Some 
French animals were turned down in the New Forest by Ch, I., but 
were destroyed, says Aubrey, in the Civil Wars, and a similar fate 
befel some German boars turned out in the forests of Wolmer and 
Alice Holt by Gen. Howe in 1793. 

Bromham, Potterne, and Seend Churches were visited 

by the Bath Branch of the Somerset Arch. Society, and some account 
of the visit with good short notes on the three Churches is given in 
The Bath Herald, June 19th, 1920. At Bromham the Vicar exhibited 
"The lid of a 12th century incense boat still bearing traces of the 
VOL. XLI. — NO. CXXXIII. P 



202 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

colours of the old enamelling. It was found many years ago in ex- 
cavating by a workman whose conscience some time afterwards pricked 
him and he gave it to his Vicar, Canon Thynne, at Seend, and Canon 
Thynne eventually restored it to Bromham. The Society of Antiquaries 
had examined it and said it was undoubtedly 1 2th century." At Potterne 
the Vicar mentioned the fact that quite recently five skeletons had 
been dug up in "the old Churchyard" in the village which marked the 
site of the original chapel attached to the Bishop's manor before the 
existence of the present Church. 

Restoring Stonehenge. The Wiltshire News, Sept. 24th, 1920, 
reprints from the World's Work for Sept. a long article by Harold J. 
Shepstone, F.R.G.S., on the work now being carried out at Stonehenge. 
So far [as the actual operations are concerned they are quite well 
described at some length — and the discovery of the " Aubrey holes," 
&c., is noted correctly — but in his general account of the monument 
and its plan the writer has got hopelessly mixed up between sarsens 
and blue stones, circles and trilithons. Apparently he visited the site, 
made confused notes, on what he saw of the monument, and then wrote 
his article without consulting any plan of the structure at all. It is 
incredible that any Wiltshire newspaper should have reprinted such a 
description without comment. 

Avebury Church. In reference to the passage from the N. aisle to 
the chancel at Avebury (and at Hilmarton, Bremhill, and Gt. Somerf ord) 
Mr. J. Lee Osborn writes in Wiltshire Gazette, Aug. I9ih, 1920, iha.t 
these passages could not have been " glorified squints," as some have 
suggested, for they do not, in several cases at least, bear on the altar 
at all ; at Somerford the passage bears west of the altar rails. Nor, he 
says, could they have been for processional purposes, for " in none of 
the Churches named would there be room for a procession, with 
banners, crosses, and other adjuncts of a procession." " The reason 
for the arrangement probably was this : — at the east end of the ad- 
joining aisle would be a side altar which would be screened off (or in 
the case of country Churches more likely curtained off) from the navei 
and the priest carrying the best from the high altar to the side 
altar, instead of having to pass down through the rood screen round 
this parclose could proceed direct by means of this ambulatory passage." 
He mentions Guildford (Surrey) and Dursley (Gloucs.) as having 
similar passages. 

Windmill Hill, Avebury, and Grimes Graves : Cores 
and Choppers. By the Rev. H. G. O. Kendall, 
F.S.A. Proc. Prehist, Soc. of East Anglia, Vol. 
III., 192—199, 3 plates of flints. Mr Kendall 
describes and figures a large number of flints of this type from Windmill 
Hill and compares them with those from Grimes Graves, Norfolk, 
concluding that they are of the same workmanship and presumably of 



.Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 203 

the same age, and that is of the Neolithic period. Quite apart from 
this conclusion the paper is valuable as illustrating very completely 
the flints of this type from Windmill Hill. The flints at Grimes Graves 
are much larger than those from Windmill Hill, because the material at 
the former is so much larger than that at the latter site. Rev. H. G. O. 
Kendall, F S. A.,has also a paper on " Grimes Graves : Floors 47 to 59." 
Proc. Prehist. Soc. oj East Anglia, Vol. III., 290—305. Five plates of 
flints, some of them from Windmill Hill, Avebury, for comparison, 
tending to show the Neolithic Age of both sites. The Windmill Hill 
flints must be Neolithic, as a good many have been found made from 
broken pieces of polished celts. This paper describes the result of 
recent diggings at Grimes Graves. 

Tan Hill Fair, A good descriptive article, except that the date is 
wrongly given, in 2'he Times, July 30th, 1920. 

(Marlborough College) '* Summer Work and Play at 

Marlborough." Art. in 2'imes, July 27th, 1920, on the effect of 
the war on the School, the present tendencies amongst the boys, and 
the development of variety in the subjects of study. 

Sale of the Huth library, formed by Mr. Henry Huth, and 
added to by his son, Mr. Huth, of Fosbury Manor. "The seventh 
portion of the Huth Library, of which the sale was conducted at 
Messrs. Sotheby's on July 9th, 1918, brought the gross total up to 
£239,076 12s., plus the fine series of Shakspeare items, sold privately 
to Mr. A. S. Cochrane, and now housed in the Elizabethan Club at Yale 
University. The price paid for the Shakespeariana is believed to 
have been about £30,000. The sale of the library began in Nov., 1911, 
and one portion has been sold each year except in 1915. The library 
is believed to have cost about ^£120,000. Mr. Alfred Huth bequeathed 
to the British Museum the " first pick " of fifty volumes from the 
library. The prices of the principal lots in the recent sale are given 
in the Times Literary Supplement, July 18th, 1918. 

The ninth and final portion of the Huth Library was sold by Messrs. 
Sotheby on June 22nd— 25th, 1920. The first part was sold in Nov., 
1911. The library was formed by Henry Huth and housed in a 
specially-constructed wing of his house in Ennismore Gardens, 60ft. X 
30ft., with iron doors and concrete roof. The library was added to by 
Henry Huth's son, Alfred H. Huth, as keen a bibliophile as his father, 
and was removed to Fosbury Manor, Wilts. Some account of the 
rarities is given in Times Literary Siipplement, May 20th, 1920. 

' Catalogue of valuable Books selected from the* 
Library at Wilton House . . . Comprising rare 

Americana . . . English Literture of the Tudor and Stuart 
Periods . . . Devotional and Controversial works by English and 
Scotch writers . . . Early Works on Fine Arts; Broadsides & 

P 2 



204 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles, 

Tracts ; Voyages & Travels ; a large collection of Elzevirs ; &c. . . . 
sold by Messrs. Sotheby, Wilkinson, & Hodge . . . ISth March, 
1920, and two following days." 
Koyal 8vo, pp. 62. 

Some Old Houses in Devizes. By Ed. Kite. A series of 

Articles in Wiltshire Gazette, 1920. 

No. 1, Brownston House, Devizes. Jan. 15th, 1920. A good 
article on the history of this house, built by Thomas Browne, whose 
initials, T. B., with the date 1720, are seen on the heads of the rainwater 
pipes. He is believed to have been a barrister, and was still resident 
here in 1736. At the back, however, some of the windows with stone 
mullions and transoms are of earlier date. Before the building of the 
present house, a Mr. Bayley (? Thomas Bayley, gent., who died 1603) 
lived here in 1570, and Christopher Henton gent., in 1613. Later 
still a member of the Filkes family is mentioned. John Garth, son of 
Col. Thomas Garth, of Harold (Beds.), and his wife, Elizabeth, d. of 
Thomas Colleton, of Barbadoes, became Kecorder of Devizes, 1732, and 
' M.P. for the Borough, 1741 to 1757, and again from 1761 to his death 
in 1764, at the age of 63. He lived in Brownston House, and there is 
a mural monument to him and his widow, Rebecca, in St. Mary's 
Church. Two of his sons, George and Thomas Garth, were Generals, 
the latter being Equerry to Geo. III. The eldest daughter married 
John Fullerton, Rector of All Cannings. Charles, eldest s. of John 
and Rebecca, succeeded his father as Recorder, and as M.P. for DevizeS: 
1765 to 1780. He resided at Brownston House in 1773, and died at 
Walthamstow 1784. After his mother's death the house was apparently 
bought by the Locke family. Wadham Locke married, 1779, Ann, d. 
of James Sutton, of Devizes, and their son, Wadham, born here 1780, 
afterwards bought Rowdeford and built the present house there 1812. 
He was M.P. for Devizes, 1832, until his death in 1835. Charles 
Trinder, a physician. Miss Bidwell, who kept a boarding school for 
young ladies, were successive occupiers, and in 1901 it was bought by 
the present owners and occupiers, the Misses Milman. 

No, 2, The Lamb Inn and houses adjoining. (Feb. 12th.) In the 
18th century this inn, which has a modern front, bore the sign of "The 
Scribbling Horse," " A corruption of Scribbling herse, the latter term ' 
denoting the frame in which the cloth, when first made, was stretched, 
in order that it might be scribbled (i.e., cleared by the teasel from all 
its inequalities), an operation formerly done by hand, but now by 
machinery." This sign, as well as those of the " Hand and Shears," 
now the "New Market Tavern," and "The Woolpack," witness to the 
extent of the clothing trade of Devizes, Incidentally Mr. Kite mentions 
that the earliest record of this trade is in 1315, when Devizes clothiers 
exported their "Cloth of Ghent" to St. Omer, where the English 
merchants then had their staple. In 1756 Lt.-Gen. James Wolfe, with a 
recruiting party, was stationed at Devizes, his party lodging at the 
Scribbling Horse, whilst he himself, Mr. Kite believes (contrary to a 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles, 205 

tradition mentioned by Waylen), lodged in one of the houses towards 
St. John's Court, which bears the date of 1740. A letter written by 
him from Devizes is printed at length. 

No. 3. The house No. 2, High Street. (Feb. 26th, 1920.) The 
Merchant Guild of early days confirmed by the Charter of Ed. III., was 
re-modelled in 1614 and divided into the three separate Guilds or 
Companies of Mercers, Drapers, and Leathersellers, each under its 
own master and wardens, controlling certain trades in the borough and 
having chartered power to enforce its bye-laws, which required every 
person trading within the borough to take the necessary oaths and be 
admitted as a Freeman. In the case of a stranger this freedom was 
only purchasable by a fine of considerable amount Apprentices taken 
by any freeman had to be formally bound by indenture, and later on 
to be admitted as freemen. 

In 1695 Charles Simkins (I.) was admitted to the freedom of the 
Mercers Company, which included the trade of a grocer. He was 
Master of the Company in 1699, and died aged 58 in 1723. His son, 
Charles Simkins (II.) b. 1704, succeeded him at No. 2, High Street 
(Walker's Temperance Hotel, 1920). His eldest daughter, Anne 
Simkins, b. 1728, married Sir John Hopkins, Kt., b. 1715, Ld. Mayor 
of London, 1791, died 1796, aged 81, buried at Wanstead. The younger 
daughter, Dorothy Simkins, married Sir John William Anderson, of 
Mill Hill, Bart., Ld. Mayor of London, 1797, who died 1813, buried at 
Hendon. Charles Simpkins (III.), their brother, died unmarried aged 
49, buried at Hendon. 

Charles Simkins (II.), the grocer, died 1781, aged 77. He owned lands 
at Poulshot and Avebury. His considerable property passed to the 
Hopkins family of Monmouthshire, who possess portraits of him and 
his two daughters. In 1772 Charles Simkins took into partnership 
John Neate, and eventually retired in his favour. John took his 
brother, Stephen, into partnership later on. The business passed to 
Charles Coward in 1825. He died 1845, and a few years later the 
grocery business ceased. 

No. 4. The house No. 7, the Brittox. The old house on this site 
was burnt in 1862. It was the house of John Child, grocer, who ob- 
tained the freedom of the Guild 1672, was Master of the Guild 1679, 
and mayor 1687, 1694, and 1702, and died 1722. He was son of Robert 
Child, clothier, of Heddington, and brother of Sir Francis Child, 
goldsmith, of London, and founder of the first banking house in Fleet 
Street. His brothers, Robert and Thomas, were both of Heddington, 
and another brother, George, was Rector of Yatton Keynell. Sir 
Frances Child contested Devizes unsuccessfully against John Methuen, 
of Bishops Cannings, and Sir Edward Ernele, of Etchilhampton, and 
in 1698 he was returned with John Methuen. In 1702 he was returned 
both for Devizes and the City of London, and sat for the latter, his 
second son (?), John Child (II.), sitting for Devizes from Nov. 14th, 
1702, to the following March, when he died, and was succeeded by 



206 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles, 

Francis Merewether. In 1705 Sir Francis was again returned for 
Devizes with John Methuen, and again in 1710 with Thomas Webb, 
Recorder of the borough. ,Jane, surviving daughter of John Child (I.), 
married, as his scond wife, Robert Nicholas, of Roundway. 

No. 5. The houses Nos. 23 and 24, St. John Street. (July 22nd, 
1920.) Nothing outside shows the age of these houses, but inside a 
fine ceiling of the Perpendicular Period extends through the whole 
front of No. 24 and into No. 23, the moulded timbers of which have 
carved bosses at each intersection, one bearing the sacred monogram. 
" In the Middle Ages we find in Devizes an establishment known as 
the Hospital of St. John (apparently the successor of a still earlier 
Hospital for Lepers, dedicated to SS. James and Dionysius, to which 
King John in 1208 granted a yearly fair). With this later foundation 
— the inmates of which are described as " the Prior and Brethren of 
the Hospital of St. John of Devizes,"— this property seems to connect 
itself. This foundation was already endowed with property at the 
beginning of the 14th century, both in the Old Port, or Parish of St, 
Mary's, and Southbroom. The Priors were formally instituted by the 
Bishop of the Diocese. The interesting particulars as to the dispute 
which arose in 1315 between the Prior of this house, William le Trappe, 
and the Rector, Thomas de Yeongeslete, and the rules laid down for 
their observance by the Bishop, agreed to on oath by both parties in 
Potterne Church, Feb. 1st, 1325, are given. At the suppression of the 
hospital, in 1547-8, Robert Peade, aged 63, was Prior, "a very honest 
man and of good report amongst his neighbours, albeit not able to serve 
a cure by reason of his age." He was presented to the living of Whad- 
don by Sir Ed. Baynton, in 1533, but resigned it in 1538. Ed. VI., by 
letters patent, granted the " Free Chapel of St. John," with other lands, 
to Richard Roberts, of London, gentleman, and in 1649 Anth. and 
Thomas Neate convey it to Robert Nicholas, Recorder of Devizes. 

No. 6. The houses No. 31-32, Bridewell Street. (Aug. 19th, 1920.) 
Mr. Kite notes that remains of the old Bridewell, which gave its name 
to the street, are visible in " The Grange " of to-day. The houses No, 
31-32 formed part of the Devizes property of the Preceptory of the 
Knights Hospitallers at Ansty— a guest house for pilgrims on the 
ancient bridle road from Salisbury to Shaftesbury. When at the 
suppression Hen. VIII. granted the site to Sir John Zouche, Ld. 
Zouche of Harringworth, there is an entry in the Patent Roll of this 
date of a grant from the Crown to the same individual, of " premises 
in Devizes parcel of the Preceptory of Ansty." This grant was revoked 
4th Phil. & Mary, when the Knights of St. John were re-established^ 
but was finally confirmed in 1584 by Elizabeth. Sir John Zouche 
owned other property in Devizes. His second son, Edward, settled at 
Pitton, in S. Wilts, which nianor continued for several generations in 
his family. In 1795 the Bridewell Street property is conveyed from 
Matthew Figgins to Ben. Bristow, currier. Matthew Figgins in 1783 
was carrying on a brewery business under the firm of Figgins & Gent»i 



Wiltshire J^ool^s^ Fmii^lihts^ and Articles, 

"The Procession Walk, or Town Ditch mentioned as the southern 
boundary of the property followed the outline of the ancient borough, 
and was perambulated by former Rectors on taking possession of the 
living. The last occasion was on the induction of the Rev. Edward 
Innes, and is thus recorded in a diary by Mr. George Sloper, thrice 
Mayor of Devizes, who resided in the house now the New Era Laundry : 
" 1774. The Rev, Mr. Edward Innes took Procession round the Town, 
as Rector, May 25th, Wednesday. I gave them Cake and Ale over 
pales at the end of the garden." 

Private Schools of Devizes in the 18th, 19th, and 

20th Centuries. This really valuable account of fifty- four 
private schools — of which only one now exists in the town— fills 2^ 
columns of the Wiltshire Gazette, May 6th, 1920. It is not a mere 
list, but a series of notes^ giving a considerable amount of information 
in most cases, both as to the schools themselves and as to their owners, 
and is largely compiled from Mr. Ed. Kite's notes, supplemented from 
other sources. 

Devizes Corporation Water Works. Report of Sir 
William Boyd Dawkins on the Water Supply, 
tog^ether with the Committee's Recommendation. 

1920. 4to, pp. 9. Geological section and plan of adit. This 
valuable report contains much interesting information as to the water- 
bearing qualities of the chalk. The chalk in Wilts consists of three 
divisions, (a) The Lower Chalk, about 250ft. thick, overlying the 
Upper Greensand, forms the plateau near Shepherd's Shore, on which 
the pumping station is situated. It is grey in colour, compact, and 
contains a percentage of clay, which increases in quantity downwards 
until the rock becomes a calcareous marl impervious to water. (6) The 
Middle Chalk, about llOft. thick, contains few fl.ints, has larger fissures 
than the Lower Chalk, and therefore contains more water, (c) The 
Upper White Chalk, about 600ft. thick, has many layers of flint, is 
highly fissured and therefore contains more water than either of the 
two lower divisions. The Middle and Upper Chalk form the higher 
portions of the down. The water in these formations is mainly stored 
in the fissures, which are mostly joints widened by the carbonic acid 
in the rain water, which dissolves their sides and causes the hard- 
ness of the chalk water. These fissures are most numerous and largest 
in the Upper Chalk, and are small and comparatively few in the Lower 
Chalk. The supply from a chalk well depends on the size and range 
of the fissures which happen to be struck by the workings. Below the 
plane of saturation in the chalk all the fissures are full of water. In 
a wet season, after an interval of two to four months, the plane of 
saturation rises until it cuts the surface, forming springs and bournes. 
After a large rainfall the Gadbourne forms a surface stream which rises 
at a height of more than 620ft. in the Upper Chalk and flows into the 
Winterbourne. After a dry season the plane of saturation descends 



208 Wiltshire Books, Famphlets, and Articles, 

until it reaches the level of the permanent springs, such as those be- 
tween East Kennett and Beckhampton, that rise below the 500 foot 
contour line. The plane of saturation descends still lower to the 
permanent springs at Bishops Cannings and Bourton, at about 450ft., 
and at Calstone to about 100ft. lower. In both these localities the 
Lower Chalk marls cut the water off from access to the Upper Greeu- 
sand, forming the bottom of the valleys. 

The Official Guide to Salisbury. Descriptive and 

illustrative. Brown & Co., Ltd., The Library, 11, The Canal, 
Salisbury. [1920.] 

Pamphlet, cr. 8vo ; pp., including advertisements, 88. Thirteen 
photos : — Cathedral (7) ; Close Gate, High Street ; Poultry Cross ; St. 
Ann's Gate ; St. Thomas's Church ; Fisherton Congregational Church. 
A new edition of an old publication brought up to date. The photograph 
of Stonehenge, however, is out of date. 

Burrows' G-Uides. Salisbury. Price Sevenpence. [1920.] 
Pamphlet, cr. 8vo, pp. 52. 9 photos and map. High St. Gate, Cathedral 
(5), Clock Tower & Infirmary, Wilton House, Stonehenge. Quite a 
decent very short guide to the buildings of the city, and the walks and 
excursions round it. 

Guide to Old Sarum and Stonehenge, by Frank 

Stevens, F.S.A. Browns, The Library, Canal, Salisbury. 

Pamphlet, 8vo, pp. 20. Price 6d. Photo of Stonehenge on cover 
[said to be " as it appeared when it became the property of the Nation," 
but really showing the " Leaning Stone."] Written by Mr. Stevens in 
the first place for the use of a party of the Bishops from overseas at- 
tending the Ijambeth Conference, it is a good compendium of all that 
the ordinary visitor wants to know of the excavations at Old Sarum 
and Stonehenge, with notes of the places passed on the journey to and 
from Salisbury. 

To Old Sarum and Stonehenge by Plain and Valley, 
by Frank Stevens, F.S.A. Specially written for 
the Cathedral Commemmoration, 1220 — 1920. 

Pamphlet, 8vo, pp., including title, 20. Introduction by Canon 
Charles Myers. Three photos of Stonehenge : "Lintel Stone ready to 
be raised," " Stonehenge as it was," " Lintel Stone on its way to Earth." 
A popular account of Old Sarum, Stonehenge, Amesbury, and the way 
out and back from Salisbury, specially written for the use of the Bishops 
and other visitors to the 700th Anniversary Celebration of the Cathedral. 

** Fernando." Third Edition. London. John Long, Limited, Norris 
Street, Haymarket [1918]. By John Ayscough (Monsignor Count 
Bickerstaffe Drew, of Winterbourne Gunner Manor). Cloth, cr. 8vo., 
pp. 320. 

This book although it opens as if it were a novel, an appearance kept 



It 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 209 

up for the first 50 or 60 pages where the characters are really the 
parents and grandparents of the author, is during the remainder of its 
course almost undisguisedly an autobiography of the author's child- 
hood and early manhood. It is true that " Fernando's " doings and 
feelings are described in the third person, but the first person appears 
almost as frequently as the third, and the two are obviously identical. 
It is indeed a record of his spiritual experience and development, con- 
stantly tending in the same direction from the time. that he was a 
small boy, through the early years at '' Llanberwyn " (Llangollen) and 
"Gracechureh," his school life at Lichfield Grammar School, and what 
he calls " St. Wolstan's," until in 1878 at Oxford he was received into 
the Roman Catholic Church. 

The English Works of George Herbert. Newly arranged 

and annotated and considered in relation to his life by George Herbert 
Palmer. Houghton Mifflin. 1920." 3 vols. 50s. net. 

A long 3-column article on George Herbert by way of review of this 
book in the Times Literary Supplement^ April 1st, 1920. 

Philip Massinger. A long critical essay on his work and 
character in the Times Literary Supplement^ May 27th, 1920 (5 columns). 

Devizes CsiStle. Letters from the author of Devizes Castle, its 
History and Romance (Mr, E. H. Stone), and the writer of the review 
in the Wiltshire Gazette on various points connected with the Castle 
appear in Wiltshire Gazette, April 8th and 22nd, 1920. 

The Marquess of LansdOWn, in " Uncensored Celebrities" by 
E. T. Raymond, 8vo., 1919, pp. 152 — 158. A more than usually unkind 
character sketch in that unkind book. Mr. Walter Loug, 

Lbid. pp. 178 — 183., is a similar sketch somewhat less illnatured. 

Will. Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, The account of him 

from Aubrey's " Letters written by Eminent Persons " is reprinted in 
full in Salisbury Times, Aug. 6th, 1920. 

[Aldbourne] "Sweet Auburn." A Saxon Village. 

Short article in Ti7nes, June 15th, 1920. The Church, The Goddard 
Family, The Fight during the Civil War, are touched on. 

The Ebble Valley. A long article by " R. W." on Alvediston, the 
Effigy in the Church, Samways Farm, and Cranbourne Chase, with its 
records of Deer stealing and smuggling, and the famous case of Lord' 
Rivers v. Mr. King, of Norrington, is printed in Salisbury Times, 
May 28th, 1920. 

Neale and O'Neale Family, of Wootton Rivers. A note suggest- 
ing that this yeoman family may have had its origin in refugee Irish 
rebels of the time of Q. Eliz. appears in Wiltshire Gazette, May 20th, 
1920. 



210 Wiltshire Boohs, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

Bagdon Hill. In Wiltshire Gazette, July 15tb, 1920, Mr. W. A. 
Webb gives interesting details from a letter of cir. 1631 which refers to 
the "Hill above Bagdon Bridge," and argues from the turnpike acts that 
the hill shown as Beacon Hill, on the Bromham side, on the Ordnance 
Survey, is that spoken of as Bagdon Hill in the earlier times, and not 
the hill on the Bishops Cannings side. 

Westbury Iielgh. John Marshman's Chair. Sir Am- 
brose Elton, whilst living at Bradford-on-Avon, saw outside a furniture 
dealer's shop an old chair which he bought. Pasted on the bottom 
was an inscription, but this was. torn off and thrown away by the boy 
who carried the chair to his house, and it was only after a long search 
that the pieces of paper were found and joined together, when the 
following inscription was found to be written thereon : — " This is the 
arm chair of John Marshman, of Westbury Leigh, Wilts. Baptised 
May 8th, 1763, father of Joshua Marshman, Doctor of Divinity, Baptist 
Missionary of Serampore, East India. Born at Westbury Leigh, Wilts, 
April 20th, 1768. Died at Serampore, India, 1836, and interred in the 
same burial ground where lie the remains of Carey and Ward, whose 
names will ever live in the annals of the Church of Christ, as the 
Three Giants of Serampore. For 25 years the three brethren laboured 
unitedly for the conversion of men, preaching, and translating." The 
inscription was mounted and framed, and with the chair was presented 
by Sir Ambrose Elton to the secretary of Zion Church, Mr. W. C. 
Dotesio, by whom it has now been handed over for preservation to the 
Rev. E, A. Ashton, Minister of Westbury Leigh Baptist Church. 
Wiltshire Times, Oct. 16th, 1920. 

Notes on the Cathedral Church of St. Mary the 
Blessed Virgin, Salisbury. (Founded April 28, 
1220.) With a Foreword by the Lord Bishop of 
the Diocese. Prepared at the request of the 
Cathedral Chapter. Salisbury. [1920]. 

Buckram boards. 6|in. x 4^in., pp., viii. + 118. There are 2 pp. 
of " Foreword " by the Bishop ; 3 pp. of Introduction by Canon G. H. 
Bourne : 84 pp. by Canon J. M. J. Fletcher, including " The origin of 
the See," "Old Sarum and its Cathedrals," " Laying of the Foundation 
Stones of the Cathedral at New Sarum," and " A Walk round the 
Cathedral"; and 30 pp. by Chancellor Wordsworth on the Library 
and the Use of Sarum, in this daintily dressed, well printed, and well- 
illustrated little book. The information given is in all cases well up 
to date, and includes a good deal that will not be found in any ordinary 
guide book. Chancellor Wordsworth's account of the Library and its 
treasures gives evidence of his wide learning, and, incidentally, tells us 
much of the " Use of Sarum," and the various MSS. and printed books 
connected with it. Canon Fletcher's chapters, more especially the 
" Walk round the Cathedral," tell very pleasantly indeed the history of 
the building, pointing out the various tombs and giving just as much 



Wiltshh^e Books, Fam;plilets, and Articles^ 21 

of the story of those to whose memory they are erected, as a stranger to 
Salisbury and its history wants to know. Amid the general accuracy 
one small slip is curious. The burial place of Bishop Robert Hallam 
is stated to be at Cologne, instead of, as it should be, in Constance 
Cathedral. Quite apart from its use as a guide book, this little book is 
extremely readable in itself, and is worthy of its subject and occasion. 

Chariots of Baskervilles and Feuruddockes. The 

Connoisseur of Sept., 1920, p. 43, illustrates and describes two I7th 
century carriages recently given to the City of Nottingham Art Museum . 
They are a state carriage and post phaeton designed and built for 
Thomas Baskerville, High Sheriff of Wilts in 1698. "The post 
phaeton has a shoe-shaped body, capable of holding two people, fitted 
with a folding hood and apron, and slung on leather straps between two 
perch poles. The driving seat is adjustable, and could be removed, 
when the folding over of the footboard allowed of driving from the 
body of the vehicle or by postilion. As this type of conveyance was 
built for speed, and there is an entire absence of springs,Jone can imagine 
that it would need a man both strong and active to maintain at the 
same time his seat and control over the horses. The state carriage, 
which has a landau top, is far more ornate and heavy in build, having 
a single perch pole in the style of this type of coach down to the first 
part of last century. The panels of both vehicles are decorated with 
the Baskerville arms and crest, those on the coach having a background 
of figures, landscape, and scrolls, drawn in line on a light blue ground. 
The carving throughout, and especially that on the back rails, evidences 
a bold and certain hand in its execution, and has about it a charm and 
freedom rarely met with. Very fine, too, are the brass fittings and 
applied ornaments, while the rows of brass-headed nails used for 
securing the leather have quite a decorative effect. As an interesting 
link in the history of transport these exhibits are invaluable, and 
Nottingham is to be congratulated on their acquisition." 

The Wiltshire Gazette of Sept. 23rd, 1920, reprints these illustrations 
from the same blocks, and gives a good deal more interesting information 
as to the history of the vehicles. The Baskervilles, a younger branch 
of the Herefordshire family, were seated at Richardston, in Winterborne 
Bassett and at Rockley, near Marlborough, and elsewhere in the county. 
Thomas Baskerville was sherifi^ in 1698, and Thomas Baskerville 
Mynors Baskerville (he was a Mynors and took the name of Baskerville) 
lived at Rockley and was sheriff in ] 827. The two carriages were stored 
in a barn or shed at Manton, the key of which was given to Dr. J, B. 
Maurice's father. When the Baskervilles left the neighbourhood the 
carriages appear to have been handed over to Dr. J. B. Maurice (of 
Marlborough), cir. 1882, (?). They remained in the barn until cir. 1893 
when in consequence of people breaking into the barn, stealing the 
harness, and damaging the carriages, they were handed over to Messrs. 
Fullei-, carriage builders, and taken to their premises at Bath, where 
they remained until, quite recently, they were saved from being broken 
up by Mr. G. Dudley Wallis, F.S.A., the son of Mr. Wallis, Curator of 



212 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

the Nottingham Museum, and through his good offices Messrs. Fuller 
offered them to Nottingham, where they have found a permanent home. 
The Wiltshire Gazette also gives a photograph of a carriage which 
belonged to Miss Penruddocke, of Fyfield Manor,near Pewsey (sold quite 
recently), and was repaired for her by Mr. A. H. Adams, coachbuilder, 
of Devizes, some fifty years ago. Later on it was stored at his coach- 
building premises. It figured in the carnival procession when King 
Ed. VII., as Prince of Wales, visited Devizes at the centenary of the 
Royal Wilts Yeomanry in 1893. It went back to Fyfield, and on 
Miss Penruddock's death was purchased for a few pounds by a small 
syndicate of Pewsey townspeople and appeared annually in the carnival 
processions there. It, however, became so dilapidated, that about six 
months ago it was sold for a few shillings and broken up as old iron. 
The writer of the article suggests that it may have been the chariot of 
Charles Penruddocke, sheriff in 1757. Possibly it was later. Its 
precise date is not known. 

Imber and Imber Court (Burnt Oct., 1920). An excellent note 
by Mr. Ed. Kite on the descent of the Manor and the families who 
held it. From 1167 to the middle of the 15th century it was held by 
the family of Ruffus or J.e Rous, to whom the two effigies in the 
Church are ascribed. William Le Rous granted his property in Imber 
South to Edington Priory, and sold the remainder in 1437 — 8 to 
Walter, Lord Hungerford, of Farley Castle. John, his brother, who 
inherited the Manor of Baynton (in Coulston), after being accused of 
favouring the Lollards, granted his Manor in 1443 to Edington Priory, 
and was buried with his wife, Johanna Assheley, in the S. aisle of the 
Choir of the Church of the Priory. The portion of the Imber Manor 
bought by Walter, Lord Hungerford, was bequeathed by his son Robert 
for the maintenance of the Hungerford Chapel on the N .side of the Lady 
Chapel of Salisbury Cathedral, destroyed by Wyatt, and is still held by 
the Dean and Chapter. The families of Gawen, Wadraan, Townsend, 
and Dean were subsequently connected with the Manor House. Mr. 
Ed. Kite has a short further note on Imber Court, &c., in the Wiltshire 
Gazette, October 21st, 1920, in which he quotes from a diary of John 
Saunders, a man servant who in 1712 escorted Sarah Trotman on visits 
to Mrs. Hannah Wadman, at Tinhead Court, and her son John Wad- 
man, at Imber. She also included in her round of visits Sir Richard 
Holford, at Avebury Manor. 

Horselepride Gate. Lord Kerry writing to the Wiltshire Gazette 
Sept. 30th, 1920, on the site of "Horse-le-perd," " Horslepride," or 
" Horsley Upright Gate," on the road from Shepherd's Shord to 
Lacock, quotes a survey of Bowood Park made in 1653, which traces 
the northern boundaries of the Park " from Mannings Hill Gate . . . 
unto Cuffs Gate (both of them being certain gates into the said Park) 
. . . by a certain common way adjoining unto the said Park called 
Mannings Hill Lane and Lustrells Lease Lane, and from Cuffs Gate 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 213 

aforesaid unto Horslepride Gate (another gate into the said Park) to- 
wards the East and South by the Lane called Ponteres Lane ; and 
from thence unto Loxfield Heath Gate (another Gate into the said 
Park) and . . . and so on to Redhill Gate, alias Derrie Gate, being 
abutted all the way from Horsle Pride Gate aforesaid towards the west 
by Ponteres Lane before mentioned and by certain lands belonging to 
Sir Edward Bayntun called Loxfield Heath, and by a way called Red- 
hill Way leading from the Devizes towards Chippenham " . . . . 
"CufiFsgate" survives in Cuff Corner, and Ponteres Lane is clearly 
the now almost disused track running thence to Sandy Lane. " Lox- 
field Heath Gate must have been approximately where the Keeper's 
Lodge now stands on the Devizes to Chippenham road, and may be 
marked by the two old stone gate posts still standing in the adjoining 
wood known as Abbotts Waste. Horselepride Gate must therefore 
have been at or near the south-west angle of Bowood Park, and was in 
all probability at the point where the present gateway stands, close to 
the George Inn, Sandy Lane." 

Westbury Church Bells to be re-cast. A lecture on the 

history of the bells by the Vicar, the Rev. W. H. M. Clarke, is reported 
in the Wiltshire 2'imes, Oct. 9th, 1920. The old Sanctus Bell is locally 
known as the Kit Bell. The Treble Bell of 1671 is to be re-cast. The 
Tenor Bell of 1714 vs^as no doubt given in celebration of the Peace of 
Utrecht, May 5th, 1713. The old barrel of the chiming apparatus, 
with its wooden teeth, the work of Louis and William Cockey, pewterers, 
of Warminster, is still in the tower. A subsequent notice states that 
the Bellfounders have declared it necessary to re-cast the whole peal 
in order to get them in tune. So the old bells of Westbury will go the 
way of so many others. 

The Annual IReport of the Salisbury Museum for 

1919—20. 8v(., pp. 15. During the year Mr. F. Stevens de- 
livered 83 lectures to 1695 children of the elementary schools on the 
History of Salisbury. The work of re-organising the collection of Birds 
has been carried on during the year, eleven large cases of birds in 
natural surroundings having been set up in the Museum workshop, to 
the very great improvement of the Museum. The male Great Bustard 
shot at Berwick St. James in 1870 hasbeen presented during the year as 
has also the Squacco Heron shot at Britford, one of the only two 
known 'Wiltshire specimens. Several portraits have been transferred 
to the City Council Chamber, and a certain number of Hatchments of 
the Eyre family have been replaced in the Eyre Chantry of St. Thomas' 
Church, to which they belong. A special display has been made of the 
work of the local artist, Benjamin Blake, of Winterbourne Dauntsey. 
The Wiltshire books belonging to the Museum are being transferred to 
a special reference department of the Salisbury Public Library. The 
most notable archaeological addition is the collection of Romano-British 
and Late Celtic objects found by Col. Hawley in diggings at Stockton 
earthworks in 1908, given by the Bishop of Coventry. 



214 



WILTSHIKE PORTEAITS, 

Wiltshire Times. [1919]. Photos. Jack Colenut (Calne Goalkeeper), Oct. 
18th. Rev. G. Manning (Warminster), J. Whatley (Trowbridge), Mr. 
& Mrs. Isaac Watkins (Chapmanslade), Oct. 25th. Mr. & Mrs. J. 
Farmer (Semington), F. Nash (Calne footballer), Alfred Hall (West- 
bury), Nov. 1st. F. Wickham (Calne footballer), Nov. 8th. T. Gale 
(Mayor of Calne), Lord & Lady Lansdowne, Mr. & Mrs. Hyatt 
(Mayor of Chippenham), Mr. Thompson (Mayor of Malmesbury), Will. 
Harris (Melksham), W: N. Ledbury & H. H. Dyer (Sees., Wiltshire 
Working Men's Benefit Society), Nov. 15th. Reginald Butler (Old 
Park, Devizes), Rev. A. T. Richardson, O.B.E. (Vicar of Bradford-on- 
Avon), Dr. C E. Tangye (Medical Officer of Health), Nov. 22nd. W. 
H. Marshman (Warminster), Nov. 29th. Mr. & Mrs. T. Merrett 
(Box), Dec. 6th. S. Sainsbury (Trowbridge), Dec, 13th. Brig.-Gen. G, 
LI. Palmer, Rev. B. Aston, D.S.O., Dec. 27th. 

Ihid. [1920]. Canon E. G. Wyld, J. T. & Mrs. Ludgate (Calne), Jan. 
3rd. Alfred Redman (Hilperton), Isaac Wickham (Trowbridge), Jan. 
17th. Priscilla Brown (Hilperton), R. G. Carter (Bradford-on-Avon), 
Jan. 24th. Jabez Rison (Trowbridge), Jan. 31st. Erlysman Pinckney 
(Warminster), F. Smart (Melksham), Feb. 7th. F. P. Garlick (Trow- 
bridge), Feb. 14th. W. H. House (Melksham), James Morris (Christian 
Malford), W. G. Parsons (Trowbridge), Feb. 28th. Mrs. Painter 
Bradford-on-Avon), March 6th. A. Cameron (Malmesbury), March 
20th. F. J. Moore (Bradford), April 3rd. A. Pocock (Bratton), April 
17th. Mr. «fc Mrs. T. H. Watson (Trowbridge), Rev. P. C. West 
(Hilperton), May 1st. Mr. & Mrs. J. Potter (Turleigh) May 8th. 
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur Hamblin (Chippenham), May 29th. George 
Ward, of Melksham, Labour Candidate for Parliament ; Albert 
Hull, and three daughters, Florence, Amy, and May, as bell ringers at 
St. Paul's Church, Chippenham, June 19th. Misses E, E. & G. N. 
Applegate, of Trowbridge, July 3rd. W. McCaffery (Trowbridge), 
July 24th. Miss A. F. Wallington, O.B.E., July 31st. Dr. W. Ingram 
Keir (Melksham), Atig. 14th. G. E. Day (Melksham), Aug. 21st. A. 
J. Knowles (Trowbridge), Aug. 28th. E. C. Beaven (Holt), Geo. 
Laverton & Mrs. G. Laverton, C. W. Darbisher & Mrs. Darbisher 
(Liberal Candidate W. Wilts), Sept. 4th. Mr. & Mrs. Mizen (S. 
Wraxall), Mr. & Mrs. D. Wootton (Corsham), Sam Phillips (Trow- 
bridge), Sept. 11th. G. H. Aitken (Warminster), Sept. 25th. Rev. C. 
G, Hutchison (Trowbridge), Oct. 2nd. 

Gentlewoman. [1920.] Photos. Lady Beatrice Wilkinson, Jan. 10th. 
Alec. Taylor, Jan. 17th. Lady Glenconner.Hon.Joan Dickson Poynder, 
May 8th. Miss Kathleen Gascoigne, Oct. 2nd. 
Daily Sketch. [1919.] Photos. Miss M. E. Morse (Swindon), Oct. 9th, 
Miss Norah C. Knight ( Westbury), Oct. 10th, Ld. Glanely (Lackham), 
Nov. 6th and Dec. 23rd. Frances M. Bennett (Devizes), Dec. 1st. 
Lady Glenconner, Dec. 5th. 



Gifts to Museum and Library. 215 

Ihid. [1920.] Hon. Joan Poynder (on skis), Jan. 15th. Ld. & Lady 
Glenconner and Hon. Stephen Tennant, Feb. 5th. Miss Veronica Paul 
(married Gordon Barclay, s. of Rev. H. Barclay, Rector of Allington), 
Feb. 11th. Rt. Rev. F. E. Ridgeway, Bp. of Salisbury, March 4th. 
Lady Kerry & Children, April 21st. Lady Glenconner and Hon. 
Stephen Tennant, Hon. Joan Dickson Poynder, April 30th. Ld. & 
Lady Kerry, May 10th. Lady Muriel Herbert, June 2nd. Miss 
Patience Fuller, d. of Sir. J. Fuller, Bart., June 19th. Miss Kathleen 
Gascoigne, of Southbroom House, Devizes, June 25th. Lady Muriel 
Herbert, July 27th. Lady Burdett (of Ramsbury), Sept. 14th. Ld. 
Edward St. Maur, Sept. 18th. Dr. A. E. Burne (Dean of Salisbury), 
Oct. 1st. Earl & Countess of Pembroke, Oct. 4th. Edwin Jones, 
blind Mayor of Swindon, and Mrs. Jones, Oct. 18th. 

Country Life. [1919.] Ch. Mc Evoy (Aldbourne), etching by Aug. John, 
Nov. 1st. 

Ihid. [1920.] Duchess of Devonshire (d. of Ld. Lansdowne), full-page 

photo. May 22nd. 
Salisbury Journal. June 26th, 1920. Canon A. E. Burn, Dean of Salisbury. 
Wiltshire Advertiser. Nov. 20th, 1919. H. Taplin, Mayor of Devizes. 
Wiltshire Gazette. April 15th, 1920. Mr. & Mrs. Mark Chivers (Hed- 
dington). 



GIFTS TO MUSEUM AND LIBRAKY. 
Museum. 

Presented by Mr. B. H. and Mrs. Cunnington : Fragment of iron 
La Tene I. fibula, another early iron fibula, and various 
Romano-British bronze relics from Cold Kitchen Hill. 

„ „ Mr. W. H. Bqllock, of Pewsey (through Mr. A. Cook) : 

bronze looped palstave, found at Milton Hill, Pewsey 
Down, 22nd April, 1867. 

„ „ Mr. T. Geoffrey W. Henslow : Small crucible, spindle- 

whorl of Kimmeridge clay, iron ring of penannular brooch, 
various bronze and iron fragments, tiles, tesserae, frag- 
ments of pottery and painted wall plaster, and fourteen 
Roman coins, from the site of a Roman villa in Stanton 
Wood, Stanton St. Quintin. 

„ • „ Mrs. Few : Flint hammer-stone dug up at Hartmoor, 
Devizes. A farthing token found at the same place 
(Francis Pashent, of Westbury, 1668). A pair of sugar 
nippers used for cutting up sugar loaves before the intro- 
duction of machine-made sugar cubes. 



216 Gifts to Museum and Library. 

Presented by Mr. E. C. Gardner: A roasting jack. 

„ „ Rev. H. C. Bush : 17th cent, tradesman's token found at 

Seend. 



Library. 

Presented by Mr. J. J. Slade : "The Ancient Entrenchments and Camps 
of Gloucestershire," by E. J. Burrows. 1920. Forty-one 
Wiltshire Estate Sale Particulars. Five Wilts Pamphlets. 

„ „ The Author, Mr. A. Schomberg : " Seend Monumental 

Inscriptions," " Will of John de Bleobury," " Lamplugh." 

„ „ The Author, Mr. F. Stevens, F.S.A. : "ToOldSarum 

and Stonehenge by Plain and Valley." 1920. 8vo. 

„ „ Mrs. Story Maskelyne : "How to Write the History of 

a Parish," by Rev. J. C. Cox, L.L.D. 5th Edition. 1909. 

„ „ Mr. A. W. Marks: Three old Wilts Deeds. 

„ y Mr. G. a. H. White : Almanack of 1752. 

„ „ The Authors, Lord Fitzmaurice & W. L. Bown : The 

Boundaries of the Administrative County of Wilts." 1920. 

„ Mr. J. E. Pritchard, F.S.A. : " The Book of Psalms 
adapted to Christian Worship by Benj. Williams. Salis- 
bury, 1781." Map of Wilts, by Teasdale. 1830. 

„ „ Mr. & Mrs. Cunnington : In pursuit of Spring, by Ed. 

Thomas. 191'4. The Modernity of Stonehenge, by A. 
Hadrian AUcroft. Wiltshire, from Moule's English 
Counties Delineated, 1838. " Topographica Wiltoniensis 
MS." from the Huth Library. 4to. Several early num- 
bers of the Wilts Arch. Magazine. 

„ „ Mr. R. Garraway Rice : Funeral Sermon on J. Dyer, 

Devizes, 1797. 
„ Mr. E. Wright : A Topographical Account of Market 
Lavington. 

„ „ Canon Gardiner : " Inventories, Terriers, Memorial 
Tablets, Church Plate, and Bells. Rural Deanery of 
Avebury, Cannings Portion." 8vo. 1910. 



m^ii m%- 



C. H. Woodward, Printer and Publisher, H^xchange Buildings, Station Road, Devizes. 




THE SOCIETY'S PUBLICATIONS {Continued). 

STONE EENGE AND ITS BARROWS, by W. Long, Nos. 46-47 of the 
Magazine in separate wrapper, 7s. 6d. This still remains the best and most 
reliable account of Stonehenge and its Earthworks. 

WILTSHIRE -The TOPOGRAPHICAL COLLECTIONS OF JOHN 
AUBREY, F.R.S., A.D. 1659-1670. Corrected and enlarged by the Rev. 
Canon J. E. Jackson, M.A., F.S.A. 4to, Cloth, pp. 491, with 46 plates. 
Price £2 10s. 

WILTSHIRE INQUISITIONES POST MORTEM. CHARLES I. 8vo, 
pp. vii. _|_ 501. 1901. With full index. In 8 parts, as issued. Price 13s. 

DITTO. IN THE REIGNS OF HEN. IIL, ED. L, and ED. II. 8vo, 
pp. XV., 505. In parts as issued. Price 13s. 

DITTO. FROM THE REIGN OF ED. IIL 8vo., pp. 402. In six 

parts as issued. Price I3s. 

A BIBLIOGRAPHY of the GREAT STONE MONUMENTS of 
WILTSHIRE, STONEHENGE and AYEBURY, with other references, 
by W. Jerome Harrison, F.G.S., pp. 169, with 4 illustrations. No. 89, Dec, 
1901 of the Magazine. Price 5s. 6d. Contains particulars as to 947 books, 
papers, &c., by 732 authors, 

THE TROPENELL CARTULARY. An important work in 2 vols., 8vo, 
pp. 927, containing a great number of deeds connected with property in many 
SViltshiie Parishes of the 14th and 15th centuries. Only 150 copies were 
I printed, of which a few are left. Price to members, £1 10s., and to non 
members, £2. 



WILTSHIRE MAMMALS, BIRDS, & REPTILES. 

Mii. Gr. 11 HoNY, 4, Beauforb Eoad, Clifton, Brisiol, will be 
greatly obliged if membeis wouhl kindly send him notice of 
the occurrence of any rare hirds within the borders of the 
County,or of the occurrence of unusual nianinials or reptiles. 



BOOKBINDING. 

Books carefully Bound to pattern. 

Wilts Archaeological Magazine bound to match previous volumes. 
i We have several back numbers to make up sets. 

C. H. WOODWARD, Printer and Publisher, 

Excliange Buildings, Station Road, Devizes. 



i 



THE 

North Wilts Musenm an 
LIBRARY AT DEVIZESJ 

In answer to the appeal made in 1905, annual subscriptions 
varying from £2 to 5s., to the amount of about £30 a year for tliis 
purpose liave been given since then by about sixty Members ol 
the Society and the fund thus set on foot has enabled the| 
Committee to add mucli to tlie efficiency of the Library an(! 
Museum. 

It is very desiiable that this fund should be raised to at leasll 
£50 a year, in order that the Greneral Fund of the Society ma 
be released to a hirge extent from the cost of the Museum, and 
set fiee for the other purposes of the Society. 

Subscriptions of 5s. a year, or upwards, ■ are asked for, and 
shoukl be sent either to Mr. D. Owen, Bank Chambers, Devizes,' 
or IIev. ]^1 ]{. GoDDAiiD, Clyffe Vicarage, Swindon. 

The Committee appeal to Members of the Society and others 
to secuie any 

Objects of Antiquity, 

AND 

Specimens of unusual Birds, 
Butterflies, or Moths, 

found in the County of Wilts and to forward them to tl 
Hon. Curator, Mr. B. H. Cunnington, Devizes; 

Whilst Old Deeds, Modern Pamphlets, Articles, 

Portraits, Illustrations from recent Magazines 

or Papers bearing in any way on the County, 

and Sale Particulars of Wiltshire Properties, 

will be most gratefully received for the Library by the Eev. 
E. H. GODDAliu, Clyffe Vicarage, Swindon, Hon. Librarian. 

The Society has in recent years received several hirge consigii- 
ments of old deeds and pa])ers, no longer of legal value, from 
Solicitors who were clearing out the accumulations of years in 
their offices. The Committee asks all Wiltshire Solicitors in like 
circumstances to give the Society the oppoitunity of acquiring all 
deeds no longer needed rather than to sell them elsewhere, or 
destroy them. 



Cr H. WOODWARD, MACHiNE PRrNTER, DRVIZES. 



No. CXXXIV. 



JUNE, 1921. 



Vol. XLI. 



THE 



WILTSHIRE 

Archaeological & Natural History 

MAGAZINE, 

Published under the Direction of the 

SOCIETY FOEMED IN THA.T COUNTY, 
A.D. 18 5 3. 



EDITED BY 

REV. E. H. GODDARD, Clyffe Vicarage, Swindon. 



[The authors of the papers printed in this " Magazine'* are alone responsible for a! 
statements made therein.] 




DEVIZES : 

Printed and sold foe the Society by C. H. Woodward, 

Exchange Buildings, Station Road. 



Price 5s, 6d. Members, Gratis, 



NOTICE TO MEMBERS. 

TAKE iSTOTICE that a copious Index for the preceding eight 
vohimes of the Magazine will be found at the end of Vols. 
viii., xvi., xxiv., and xxxii. The subsequent Vohunes are 
each indexed separately. 

Members who have not paid their Subscriptions to the Society for 
the current year are requested to remit the same forthwith to 
the Financial Secretary, Mr. David Owen, Hank Chambers, 
Devizes, to whom also all communications as to the supply 
of Magazines should he addressed. 

The Annual Subscription to the Society is 10/6, with an entrance 
fee of 10/6. The Composition for Life Membership is £10 10s. 

The Numbers of this Magazine will be delivered gratis as issued, 
to Members who are not in arrear of their Annual Subscrip- 
tions but in accordance with Byelaw No. 8 " The Financial 
Secretary shall give notice to Members in arrear and the 
Society's publications will not be forwarded to Members whose 
Subscriptions shall remain unpaid after such notice." 

All other communications to be addressed to the Honorary Secre- 
tary: the Eev. E. H. Goddard, Clyffe Vicarage, Swindon, 

THE SOCIETY'S PUBLICATIONS 

To be obtained of Mr. D. OWEN, Bank Chambers, Devizes. 

THE BRITISH AND KOMAN ANTIQUITIES OF THE NORTH 
WILTSHIRE DOWNS, by the Kev. A, C. Smith, M.A. One Volume, Atlas 
4to, 248 pp., 17 large Maps, and 1 10 Woodcuts, Extra Cloth. Price i;2 2s. 
One copy offered to each Member of the Society at f:\ lis. 6d. 

THE FLOWERING PLANTS OF WILTSHIRE. One Volume, 8vo, 
504 pp., with Map, Cloth. By the Rev. T. A. Preston, M.A. Price to the 
Public, 16s. ; but one copy offered to every Member of the Society at half-price. 

CATALOGUE of the STOURHEAD COLLECTION of ANTIQUITIES 
IN THE SOCIETY'S MUSEUM, with 175 Illustrations. Part I. Price Is. 6d. 

CATALOGUE of ANTIQUITIES in the SOCIETY'S MUSEUM, 
Part II. 1911. Fully illustrated. Price 2s, 

CATALOGUE of the SOCIETY'S LIBRARY at the MUSEUM. 
Price Is. APPENDIX No. L, II., and IIL, 3d. each. 

CATALOGUE of DRAWINGS, PRINTS, and Maps, in the SOCIETY'S 
LIBRARY AT the MUSEUM. Price Is. 6d. 

CATALOGUE of WILTSHIRE TRADE TOKENS in the SOCIETY'S 
COLLECTION. Price 6d. 

BACK NUMBERS of the MAGAZINE. Price to the Public, 5s. 6d. and 
3s. 6d. (except in the case of a few numbers, the price of which is raised). 
Members are allowed a reduction of 25 per cent, from these prices. 



WILTSHIRE 
Archaeological & Natural History 

MAGAZINE. 



No. CXXXIV. JUNE, 192L A^OL. XIX 



Contents. 



PAGE. 



The !Society's M8S. Abstracts of Copies of Court Rolls 

AND OTHER DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE MANORS OF 

Bradford and Westwood : By the Rev. A. W. Stote, F.8.G , 

Lond . .... ... 217—263 

East Wiltshire Rust Fungi: By Cecil 'P. Hurst............... ., 264—271 

Roman Wanborough: By A. D. Passmore. 272—280 

The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Burbage : By 

O. G. S. Crawford 28]— 301 

Wilts Obituary 302—308 

Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles 308—323 

P>ooKs, Pamphlets, and Articles by Wiltshire Authors ... 323—329 

Additions to Museum and Library 329—330 

Accounts of the Society for the Year 1920 331—334 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Iron Hipposandal and Cleats. Wanborough 278 

Map of Extent of the Roman Settlement at Lower Wanborough 278 

Roman Objects from Wanborough 279 

Map to illustrate the Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and 

Burbage 281 



Devjzes:— C. H. Woodward, Exchange Buildings, Station Road. 



THE 



WILTSHIRE MAGAZINE. 



" MULTOEUM MANIBUS GRANDE LEVATUE ONUS." — Ovid. 



No. CXXXIV. June, 1921. Vol. XLI. 



THE SOCIETY'S MSS.i ABSTEACTS OF COPIES OF 

COUET EOLLS AND OTHEE DOCUMENTS EELATING 

TO THE MANOES OF BEADFOED AND WESTWOOD. 

By the Eev. A. W. Stote, F.S.G., Lond. . 

[Abbreviations. B= Bradford -on- Avon, Ct. R. & Ct. Bar.=Court Roll & 
Court Baron. Cust. Cott.=Customary Cottage. Cust. ten>'.=Custo- 
mary tenancy, Dat.— dated. Mess.=:messuage. Occ.=occupation. 
p.=parish. poss.=possession, sig.=signature. surr.=surrender. 
ten.=tenure. ten*.=tenement or tenant, wits. — witnesses.] 

1. Sat. 28 Feb. 15 Eliz. Copy of Ct. R. of Manor of B. held there Sat. 
28 Feb. 15 Eliz. temp. Henry Earl of Pembrooke, Baron Herberte of 
Cardyf Lord Farmer of the Manor. Surrender by James Rogers of a 
mess, k lands (Wooleyfeld in Lygh within the manor). Regrant to 
himself & his sons Anthony & John for 3 lives. Fine xxxli. (Sigs.) 
R. Grove, Steward. George Pemmbbke. E. Sayntlooe. (Endorsed at 
back) 25 March 1654. Anthony Rogers dec*^. Copyhold granted to 
John Lydiard for his life & the lives Ann his sister & Thomas Gunning 
his nephew. Fine ccclxxxxli. 

la. (See Horton Collection of Deeds.) 35 Hen. VIIL, 1543. Copy of 
Ct. Roll of the Prebendal Manor of Bradford held there 10 Sept. 35 
H. 8 by the Dean & Chapter of Bristol. Grant of Reversion of a ten', 
etc. late in occ. of Lady Mary Horton & after her death her kinsman 

* These documents with many others were purchased by Mr. John Moulton, 
of The Hall, Bradford- on Avon, of a marine store dealer, in 1918, and were 
given by him to the Society's Library in 1919. The very careful and com- 
plete abstracts made by Mr. Stote and embodied by him in a small 4to 
note book which he presented to the Library, are here printed in full, with 
the exception of the indices to surnames, place names, &c., at the end of 
the book. It has, however, been necessary to greatly condense the spacing 
of Mr. Stote's MS., for the sake of economy in printing. E. H. Goddard. 
VOL. XLI, — NO. CXXXIV. Q 



218 The Society s MSS, 

Thos. Horton. To Thos. Wryght & Margaret his wife for their lives 
after death of above. (Sig.) William Snowe^ Dean. [N.B. In 1539 
the Prebend manor of B. passed from the Abbey of Shaftesbury to the 
D & C of Bristol.] 

2. (1 1 closely written sheets of paper stitched to a single sheet of parchment, 
part of an old lease. Somerset . . . Moses Young . . . Wm 
Mansell . . . Edmond Jones . . . N D) 18 Eliz. ref. 13 Eliz. 
A copy of the Letters Patent in English from Qu. Eliz. to Lord Powlett's 
ancestor of the Hundred of Bradford Recites 5 Apl 13 Eliz. Grant to 
Henry Earle of Pembrooke of the Manor of B. (Atworth, Troile, Stoke, 
Leigh, Wrax Hall & Winsleigh) heretofore belonging to the late 
monastery of Shaftsbury co. Dorset. Ref. Farm of Atworth als Atford 

.... Wood called Tegarlewe. . . . Letters Patent dat. 9 Jan. 
10 Eliz, Henry Lord Harbet, Manor of B. (Barton Close, Sheppard 
Close, Pounds Close, Bodyes Close, Byddys acre, Wydbroke, Marsh 
Croft, Shepehouse Leyes, Ladydowne, Eyemeade, Mykhellmeade, Wal- 
meade, Eastfeild, Westfeild, Polton feild, Wynderlews, hare knappe. 
Kyngsfeild) Capital messuage of Atford als Atworth (Beanecroft, 
Fibbley Croft, Little Fybbley Croft, Inkerley, Norleys, Hokes, Little 
Hokes, Mores, Le Heyes, Hamfeild, Borych, Leesfeild, Southfeild, 
Westfeild). Ref. Courts Baron & Leets Veiws of Franckpledge. Ref. 
advowsons of Churches & Chappels. Ref. Letters Patent dat. 22 May 
16 Eliz. Lease to Stephen Blauncheede als Sanshewr (? Sansheier) 
[later Shanshue]. Ref. Letters Patent dat. 16 Dec. 15 Eliz. Bradford 
Wood [mg. " now in poss of ye D. of Kingston."] 18 Eliz. 1576. The 
Grant to Francis Walshingham Esq one of our principall Secretaries " 
the Reversion of the Lordship & Manor of B. by letters patent 5 Apl. 
13 Eliz. to Henry Earl, of Pembroke (as above). Grant to the above 
Francis Walsingham of the Hundred of B. Ref. to View of Franck- 
pledge & Hundred Courts & Court Leets. " Abbott Abbesse Prior 
or Prioresse of the late monastery of Shaftesbury" "or Edward 
Bellingham." The dissolution of " the said monastery" & " our father 
and brother Hen. VIII. & Edw. VI." & " our sister Mary" by service 
of the 40th part of a Knight's Fee. Fee Farm Rent £13. 16. 8^. 26^ 8^ 
paid yearly to the Bayliflfe of the Hundred of B. At Westminster 
3 March 18 Eliz. 

3. [40 Eliz.] Court. Baron. Bradford Manor cum membris. Ursula 
Walsingham widow, Lady of the Manor. Ct. B. held there by John 
Kent, gent., Steward. 28 Mar. 40 Eliz. Grant to John Reynolds for 
his life & the lives of Johanna his wife &. Susanna his dau. two mess. 
in B. late in ten. of Thomas Cutbert. Fine xviii". (Sigs.) Ursula 
Walsingham, John Kent, Steward. [Endorsed at back] Surrender by 
the above. " Susan Reynolds now Goodman." Grant for 3 lives to 
Richard Auley & his daus. Jane & Christian, dated 25 Apl. 1653. Fine 
& herriott xxix^i. 

4. Ditto 15. Dec. 43 Eliz. Surrender hy Henry Howell & his Sons William 
& Christopher Howell, who hold by copy dated 16 May 39 Eliz. a mess. 



By the Rev. A. W. Stote, F.S.G,, London. 219 

etc. in B. for their lives. Grant of same to John Helton h his sons 
Robert & John for their 3 lives. Fine 100'. (Sigs.) Ursula Walsingham 
& John Kent. [Endorsed at back] 31 Oct. 1654. Regrant to the above 
Robert Holton & his (? sons) Joseph •& Benjamin. Fine & Heriot. 
xxx". rent p.a. 7/4 

5. [4 Jas. IJ Bradford Manor cum Membris. Court Baron of Richard 
Earl of Clanricard & Lady Frances his wife,' held at B. by Jo: Kent, 
gent. Steward, 8 Oct. 4 Jas. I. Grant to Robert Cowles for his life & 
the lives of his son Robert C. and William Mattheive s. of Thomas M. 
of land in B. Fine xx^ (Sigs) Edward Longe, Gifford Longe, & Jo: 
Kent, [endorsed] "For our Commissioners" etc. 14 Nov. 3 Jas. I. 
[Sig. at foot of membrane] Robte Thickpennye. [endorsed at back] 25 
Apl. 1653 Surrender by W™. Mathew. Grant to Anselm Holyday for 
his life & the lives of Paul & Anselme his sons Fine xxv". 

6. Ditto 1 Apl. 5 Jas. I. Surrender by John Mathewe of a cott. etc. in 
High St Bradford. Regrant to himself & his s John for their lives. 
Fine xi^ (Sigs. and (Commissioners as above 5, [endorsed at back] 
31 Oct. 1654. Estate to be granted to " Susan Reynolds wyffe of Rob*. 
Reynolds," John Stockden, & " Margarett Stockden sone & daughter of 
the said Susan." Fine ix''. heriot xij*^. Rent p.a. xiil 

7. Ditto (as in 6.) 6 Oct. 5 Jas. I. Surrender by William Baylie als 
Taunton & his bro. John of a mess, etc in St. Toles Streete in B. held 
by them & their deceased bro. Edward Baylie als Taunton by copy dat. 
27 Mar. 33 Eliz. for 3 lives. Grant of same to Edward Marhes for his 
life &L the life of his son Edward. Fine (I lx^) Sigs & Commissioners 
as in 5. [Endorsed at back] Surr. by Edw*^ Markes & grant to Thomas 
Cooper and his children Thomas & Sibell. Fine xxv'^ 

8. Ditto 5 Oct. 9 James I. Surr. by William <fe Anthony Auley of a 
mess. etc. in "le markett streete" in B. held by copy dat. 10 Apl. 31 
Eliz. for their lives & the life of Agnes Auley dau of the said Wm. A. 
Regrant to William Auley & his sons Richard & William for their lives. 
Fine iiij''. Sigs. of Steward & Commissioners as in 5. [Endorsed at 
back] Surr. by Richard Auley & regrant to him and his daughters 
Christian & Jane. 5 Oct 1654. Fine x. {sic.) heriot IV" rent 4^ 

9. [11 Jas. I.] Court Baron of Thomas Earl of Suffolk Chamberlain of 
the Kings Household (" Dni Cam'arij Hospicij Dni Regis") William 
Lord Knollys, Comptroller of the Kings Household [" Contrarollator 
dci Hospicij Dni Regis "] two of the Lords of the Kings Privy Council, 
Henry Yelverton Esq, Richard Hadsor Esq, & Walter Pye Esq, held 
at B. by Jo: Kent, gent.. Steward 12 Oct. 11 Jas. I. Grant to Richard 
Harford senr.y & his children Richard & Hester, for their lives of a cott. 
newly built etc on Whitehill in B. lately in his own tenure & occupation. 

' Lady Frances Walsingham, dau. & h. of Sir Fras. Walsingham (private 
sec. to Q. Eliz.), and sometime wife of Sir Philip Sidney, married Richard, 
E. of Clanricard. 

q2 • 



220 The Society's MSS. 

Fine ij^ vi^. Sigs of Edward Longe & Gifford Longe, Commissioners 
& John Kent, Steward, [endorsed at back] 25 Mar. 1654. Surrender by- 
Rich"'. Harford & his dau. Hester & Grant to Jesper Druett for his 
life & the life of Jasper his son. Fine iij'^ 

10. Ditto (as in 9.) 18 Apl 12 Jas. I Surr. on 21 Dec. last by Richard 
Painter of a burgage & tenement etc in Millstreete in B. lately in his 
tenure '* sine occ " & held by copy dat. 17 Mar. 27 Eliz. for the lives of 
Henry P. his father, Henry P. his bro. and himself. Grant of same to 
Andrew Willett, & Henry W. s. of John W., and James W. s. of William 
Willett for their lives. A. W. paid fine vi". xiij^ & iij'^. Sigs. of Edw^. 
Longe, Gifford Longe & Thomas Bradford, Commissioners, & Jo: Kent 
Steward. [Endorsed at back] 23 Apl 1656. Surr. by Henry Willett 
& Grant to John Roberts for his life and lives of his sons John and 
Robert Roberts. Fine 70". 

H. [1641] Manor of Bradford. Court of Manor of John St John of 
Basinge, Earl of Wilts, and Marquess of Winchester and Lady Honora 
his wife, and Ulicke Earl of Clanricard & St Albans held there 8 May 
16 Car 1 1641 by Henry Foyle, Esq. Steward. Surr. by Thos. Batchelor 
& Robert Dumer and Mary his wife (lately called Mary Clarke) who 
hold by copy dat. Sat. 11 Apl. 7 Jas. I for the lives of the said Thos & 
Mary a cott. etc. on Whitehill lately in the ten. of the said Thos. Re- 
grant to Thos. B. of the same cott. & Sj virgates of land to himself & 
his children Thos & Mary for their lives. Heriot xij*^. Rent p.a. xij*'. 
(Sigs.) H. Winchester. Hen: Foyle. [Endorsed on back] 17 Sept. 
1655 Surr: by Thos. B. & regrant to the said Thos. B. for his life and 
the life of Frances his dau. Fine 40^ 

12. [Dated 2 Mar 23 Car I. 1647] Lease for 99 years to Daniell Deverell. 
Hugh Rogers of Cannington co. Som. Esq. s. & h. apparent of Sir Eras. 
R K*. dec*' to Daniel Deverell the younger (Bayleife of the Manor of B» 
s. of Daniel D the elder of Franckley in the p of B. yeoman. Land in 
Oxenleasue als Lady Downe in the tything of Trowle p. of B. late in 
tenure of Benjamin Dick dec**, for 99 yrs, or the lives of Daniel Deverell, 
Jeffery D, & Ann D. the sons and dau. of D.D. the younger, rent p.a. 
1/6. Sig. Hugh Rogers (seal missing) Sig of witnesses Tho. Bampfield, 
P. Methwin, Henry Flower, Rich: Clarke. 

13. [Dated 14 Apl. 1651.] Lease for 99 years to Jane Home, wid. Hugh 
Rogers of Cannington co. Som. Esqr. to Jane Home of B. co. Wilts 
widow. Surr. by Jane Home of copyhold mess. & land in King's field 
by Forwards Brook & land in Rowe hill in B. for her life & the life of 
Jane Reece her dau. now wife of George Reece of Cit. of Bristol, Gent. 
Grant of same for 99 years on the lives of herself and Jane Reece and 
Mary Peare dau. of John Peare of Trowbridge co. Wilts, clothier. 
Rent p.a. 19^ Heriot 30'. (Sig.) Hugh Rogers (seal missing) Sigs. of 
Wits. Jo: (?) Warri, (? Jac) Bampfield, Jo: Lovell, Henry Flower, Henry 
Gwin. 

14. [1654] Bradford Manor. Ct. Baron of the Hon^^«. Walter Strickland jj 
Esq, John Chicheley, & George Cony Esqs held at B. 25 March 1654, 



By the Rev. A. W, Stote, F.S.G., Lond. 221 

before Daniel Witcharley, gent., Steward & Surveyor. License granted 
to Edmond Bayley to let his Customary Tenancy late in the occ. of 
Marie Hurne & now in poss. of the said E. B. for 10 years. Fine 8"*. 
yearly. " Ex^. by Daniell Witcharley." 

15. [1655] "The manor of Bradford with its members." Leete & Co'. 
Baron of the Hon^^*^ Walter Strickland Esq. John Chicheley & Geo. 

. Cony Esq', held 6 Apl 1655 before Dan' Witcharley gent, Stew"^. & 
Surveyor. Grant to Robert Harvey, Ann H. his sis., & Joane H. dau. 
of Richard Harvey, for their lives (" with the consent of the Hon^^^ John 
Marquess of Winchester ") of a cott. etc. " lying att Barton Stile " now 
in poss. of Rob\ H. Fine 35^ Rent pa. xij^ " Ex'^. by Dan^. Witch- 
arley" [Endorsed at back] "Upon surrender of the within named 
Rob* Harvey the lives of the w^^^in . . . ? John (or Joan) and 
? . , . Harvey arr to bee exchanged for Rob ? Harvey & (?) Tony 
Harve sons of the s-^. Rob*. H. . . . Fine xx^ 11 April 1668. 

16. ^A Rentall of the Mannor & Hundred of Bradford. 

[Transcribed in full.] 

li — s — d 
[In hand] The Church house parte lett to George 
Reynolds for 1'— 15* per Ann' y* other parte very ruinous — 01—00—00 
[Lease fifrancis Lucy Esq-^ —22—03—00 

Holders] Paulton Quarr^ xx' noe vse made thereof 
flfaires & marketts —02—00—00 

John Smith for two luggs of ground _00— 05—00 

Beales Tenem* & for other Lands held by ffrancis Smith —02—00—00 
Gabriell Deverell for a Cottage —00—05-00 

Susanna Glutton -04-00—00 

Edward Dicke . —01—00—00 

William Mills —01—04—00 

[Coppy S"" William Turner for Combes Tenem' — 01— 06—04 
Holders] John Crooke _00— 16— 00 

1 This undated document consists of three membranes, each seven inches 
wide, the first two 28 inches long, the third short because torn across, and 
the three roughly stitched together at one end. It is excellently preserved, 
clearly legible, and may be safely dated at 1660, or thereabouts. The names 
are those of people flourishing in the Commonwealth period. The Vicar 
of Bradford (the Rev. A. T. Richardson) has kindly verified this, and a 
number of the people mentioned appear in the burial register as dying soon 
after 1660. To fix the date, a terminus a quo may be found in the reference 
to the "Tenthes due to y^ Kings Ma"^"; whilst a terminus ad quern is 
furnished by the entry of Sir Thomas Hall's burial in the Bradford Registers 
on June 13th, 1663. Sir Thomas held the Manor of Bradford and in 1649 
paid a fine of ^660. The marginal note, "Deteyned 40ty ye'^" opposite the 
entry for Lord, Brooke's lands in Wraxall also seems to corroborate a 
Restoration date. I am indebted to Mr. Richardson for some of the ac- 
companying footnotes. 



222 



The Societi/s MSS. 



John Crooke 

John Collett 

John Liddiard 

Anselme Hollyday 

Thomas Cooper y* Bayliffe for Cookes 

The same for Graunts 

The same for Baylyes in July Streef^ 

William Bayly 

John Ball 

Jacob Silbee for three cottages 

Thomas Cooper als Silbee 

Thomas Tymbrell for Walters 

Thomas Batchelor 

John Clarke 

Eichard Auley 

William Witchell 

ffor a plott of ground 34 yards & an halfe 

Richard Stoakes als Bayly 

Christian Wilkinson^ 

Robert Holton 

Richard Godby 

Jesper Drewett for Harvyes 

The same 

Robert Dummer 

Lewis Hughes 

Susanna Chaundler 

Nicholas Dumer 

Walter Graunt 

Robert Dalton 

John Roberts 

Samuel Hull 

WiUam Say 

Joane Selfe widdowe 

Thomas Skinner 

Richard Rogers for Rundells— 6'— 10*^ The same for 

Riders P— 10^ 
Thomas Hannam 
Joane Graunt 

Robert Reynoll now Edward Hanny 
Edmond Bayly 
Daniell Graunt 
John Batchelor 
Thomas Morrice 
William Helps 
Thomas Harvey 
Robert Harvey 
Richard Stoakes als Bayly 
*The Widdowe Stoakes als Bayly 



—00—16—00 
—00—05—00 
_00— 17— 01 
—00—03—04 
—00—02—00 
—00—02—00 
—00—00—04 
—00-02—11 
—00-02—11 
—00—07—08 
—00-01—00 
-00—01-00 
—00—01-00 
—00—01—00 

— 00— 08— oa 

—00-02—00 

—00—00—06 

—00-01—00 

—00—05—00 

—00—47—00 

—00—01—00 

—00—01—00 

-00-01-00 

-00—01-00 

—00—02—04 

— 00— 09— 06^. 

—00—02—00 

—00—02—06 

—00—01—10 

—00—06—04 

—00—08—00 

—00—01-00 

-00—05—00 

—00—00—04 

—00—08—08 
—00—01—00 
—00—09—04 
-00-01-00 
—00—04-04 
—00-14-00 
—00—01 — 00 
-00—01-00 
-00-01—00 
-00—01—00 
—00—01—00 
—00— 01— CO 
—00-04—00 



^ Between lines. 



By the Rev. A. W, Stote, F.S,G., Lond, 223 

Thomas Hall & John HalP^ for half an acre of meadow 

in Enmeade worth 15^ per ann at y^ yearely rent of— 00—01—06 

And for Elbridge Lane _ — 00— OC— 02 

New improved rents by Tennts at will 

Ralf e Rogers —OC— 06— 08 

Thomas Matthews Jun^ _ _-0C— 05— 00 

Quitt rents due at Michas yearely 

The Lady Lisle for Lands heretofore held by John Bayly — OC— 06 — 08 
Daniell DeverelP & others for S'. Francis Rogers'* his 

lands —00—14—08 
S'. Francis Rogers'* for a Rood of Land sometymes of 

William Ports — OC— 04— 08 

The same for a Burgage in Mill Streete —00-01—06 
The same for a Burgage in Seale Streete heretofore 

held by Thomas Yerbury & Ralfe Cutbert —00—01—90 

The same for a plott of ground in peple streete — 00 — 00^—01 
The same for Tenem* in Pando Street which James 

Parloe held. __00— 01— 09 
The same for a Burgage in Alto Streete wherein John 

Yerbury dwelt — 00— OC— 01 

The same for a Burgage wherein Edward Dally dwelt — 00 — 00 — 06 

The same for another house —00—00 — 06 

The same for a house of Hugh Co uens —00 — 00—08 



[In another hand] 46—7 — 0| 
[End of 1st membrane.] 

The same for the watch that cometh to the house of 

Mr. Methwyne —00—00—04 
S'-. Thomas Hall for his two mills & Lands in Millstreete —03 — 15 — 00 
The same for two Burgages in Pepitt Street^ held by 

John Perkins —GO— 01—05 
The same for a Cottage & Toft held heretofore by 

William Norris —00—01—00 

iThe same for a peece of ground held by John Jones —00—00—04 

The same for a peece of ground at Scutts Gripp — 00—01—06 

John Bayly for one Burgage — 00—01 — 05 
The Heires of John Blanchard for two Burgages at 

y« South end of Pepitt Streete —00—03—03 
The ffeeoffees of James Toomes for lands belonginge 

to the Chauntry of Trowbridge paid by Mr. Yerbury — 00 — 09—06 
Ephraim Westly gent for a Burgage in High Street 

called Hellyers —00—01—05 
[B in margin.] Mr. Shaa for a Burgage in High 

Street held by William Chaundler —OO— 01— 01 

The Lady Lisle for Copp's Burgage —00—01—09 

^ [Between lines.] 



224 



The Society's MSS.. 



Walter Graunt for one Burgage in St. Plas Streete —00 — 04—00 

& one pound of wax 
One Tenem' of y^ Earle of Marlebrough in St. Plas 

Streete heretofore held by George (?) Aliston vnder 

Gregorys wifes right— now held by Mrs. Home & 

Robert Bayly — 00— 00— 00:ob 

[Atford] Mr. Longe for ffelthams ffarme —00—01—03 

Thomas Pinchin for one hide of Land —00—05 — 00 

Mr. Eyres for one hide of Land —00—05—00 
The same for a hide of Land heretofore William West- 

buryes —00—05—00 
[Trowle] S' William Lisle" for Lands held by 

William Audley _ —00—10—08 
The whole Homage of Winsley pay at Michas for their 

veil noble^ —00—06— 8 

Edmond Hort for Lands in ffoxley — 02—00—00 

S' William Lisle for Lands held by Thomas Yerbury — 00—06—00 
The Heires of John Blanchard'* 



li — s-d' 
—00-10—00 
—01—00—00 
—00—05—00 

— 00— 02-OOJ 



Ashley ffarme 

Budbury ffarme 

Lardinge money^ 

ffor ploughing parte of y* Lord's 

Demeasnes 

[Leigh & Woolley] S"" William Lisle^^ for Lands 
held by John Smith 
The same for Lands paid by John Earle 

[In margin.] [1] S'. Francis Rogers^ for Lands 
paid by Daniell Deverell 
S'' Thomas Hall for fford ffarme 
John Bayly for Lardinge money'' 

[Wraxall] Mr. Hope Longe for Lands there 
Daniell Yerbury'' for Lands there 

[Deteyned 40ty ye^^] The Lord Brooke for Lands 
there 

[Holt] Sir William Lisle" for Lands there 
Thomas Blanchard for Lands there 
Thomas Cater for Lardinge money^ 



-01—17-00 



-00—13-04 
-00—12-00 

-00—10-00 
-00-00-01 
-00—05-00 
-02—08—09 
-00-15-00 

-01—02—02 
-02— 04-09ob 
-00-00—02 
-00—01—04 



Law Day Silver^ payable at Michas & our Lady Day by equall portons. 

The Tythinge of Winsley p Ann -_00— 08— 00 

The Tythinge of Trowle p Ann _00— 04— 00 

The Tythinge of Holt p. Ann —00-08-00 

The Tythinge of Atworth p Ann —00-06-00 

The Tythinge of Wraxall p Ann —00-06—00 

The. Tythinge of Leigh p Ann —00—07—04 

Money called Palmse^ money* payable the 25th March y«areley 
Robert Bayly John Earle & Robert Earle for Lands 

in Ligh late Anthony Rogers — 00 — 02 — 00 



B^jtJie Rev. A. W.8tote,F.S.G.,Lond, 225 

The Tythinge of Wraxall ' _00— 01— 00 

The Tythinge of Trowle —00-01—00 

The Tythinge of Winsley _ 00- 02— 00 

The Tythinge of Atworth -_00— 01— 00 

The Tythinge of Holt __00— 01— 00 

The ffreeholders which purchased parte of y® Manno'' pay yearely 
at Michas towards the Tenthes due to y^ Kings ma"" 

William Pawlett Esq"- for his Lands in Atworth —00—12—00 

John Hall" Esq-- for his Lands in Trowle _00— 15— 00 

The same for Bradfords wood —00—12—00 

John Longe Esq' for Lands in Wraxall — 00 — 11 — 10 

John Kent for Lands in Winsley —01—05-08 

Mr Wadman for Reads Lands in Trowle -—00— 02—10 
Mr Thomas Longe for Lands in Trowle held by y^ 

widdow Perry at Widbroke —00—01—08 

Harry Wallis Esq. for Lands in Trowle —00—02—00 

Yerburyes Land in Atworth —00—14—00 

John Earles Lands in Holt -„00— 06— 00 



[In another hand] 27 — 1—7 

[End of membrane 2. 1 

John Dicke for Lands in Winsley _00— 07— 00 

George Dicke for Lands in Stoake _01 — 00— 06 

John Bayly for Lands in Holt —00—05—00 

Richard Earle for Lands in Leigh _-00_()l_06 

Robert Bayly for Lands in Leigh __00— 00— 09 

M' Randoll for Lands in Wooley —00—03 — 06 

William Helpes for lands in Holt —00—00—02 

William Mills now John Bayly for Lands there —00—02—00 
Jo" Richard Mille for Lands there [written between 

the lines] ~00_02— 00 

S'. Thomas Hall for Lands in Leigh _00— 00— 04ob 

Mr. Tidcombe^" for Lands in Winsley __00_06— 08 

John Longe gent for Lands in Winsley __00— 03— 04 

Mf Kinge for Lands in Woolly — 00—01—06 

Thomas Maultman for Gibbons Land —00 — 01—06 

Gentlemens ffine paid yearely for Suite of Court. 

S"^ William Lisle" — 00— t02 00 

John Hall" Esqr .^00— 00— 08 

William Pawlett Esq'^ —00—01 00 

Ephraim Westly, gent -00-01-00 
Mr Bampfeild [Mr Shaa over-written in another hand] —00- 00—08 

The heires of Daniell Yerbury" —00—00—08 

Simon Deverell for ffishinge the river^^ — 00—06 00 



[In another hand — 3— 7— 9^ 

[End of Membrane 3.] 



226 The Society s MSB. 

Notes. 

1. " Paulton Quarr " is no doubt Poulton Quarry, now disused. 

2. " Tuley Street " or Tooley St. (St. Olave St.), is now Woolley St. 

3. "Christian Wilkinson" was the name of the wife of Nathaniel 

Wilkinson, Vicar of Bradford (who died between 1642 and 1649). 

4. A Bradford lease dated 22 Car I (1647) mentions " Daniel Deverill," 

Jun., Bayliffe of the Bracfford Manor of Hugh Rogers of Can- 
nington, co. Somerset, son and heir apparent of " Sir Francis 
Rogers," Kt., deceased. 

5. " Pepitt St." with Horse St., is now Market St. 

6. Veil Noble." An assessment in kind was paid at Winsley. This 

was commuted for a noble {Qs. 8c?.), hence " vel-noble." 

7. " Lardinge money " is probably the same as " larder silver," a com- 

mutation for a food rent. Such a payment occurs in a number of 
Wiltshire lay manor rolls. [See Neilson's "Customary Rents," 
Oxford Studies in Social <^ Legal Hi&tory, Vol. II. pp. 32, 58.] 

8. "Law Day Silver payable Michaelmas & Lady Day" — payments 

made by the Tythingmen at the Law Days or days of open court. 

9. "Money called Palmse money payable the 25th of March yearly'^ 

— probably the same as Palmson (? Palm Sunday) money. 
10. " Mr. Tidcombe " was a Devizes solicitor. 
il. A record of 1629 of Lands held by Knight service gives Sir William 

Lisle of Holt, Daniel Yerbury of Wraxall, John Blanchard of 

Gt. Ashley, & John Hall of Bradford. 
12. In 1629 the same sum was paid for the fishing of the river between 

Bradford Bridge and Barton Bridge. 

17. [21 Jan. 1660.] Endorsed " Cov' to levy a Fine of y* Manor of 
Bradford & Declaring ye uses thereof to Trustees for a Term for se- 
curing payment of £30160 In Tail male Rem"" in Tail etc" "The 
Marquis of Winchester to pay ^60 on ye 13 March 1660, £60 13 Sept. 
1661, £2660 13 March 1661. 

Indenture dat, 21 Jan. 1660. 12 Car II. John E. of Wilts & Marq 
of Winchester of the 1st pt. Abraham Bush of London, Merchant, & 
John Bilson of London, Yeoman, of the 2nd pt. Rich*^. Higden Gent., 
Servant to the s"^. Marquis & John Parrey, of London Scrivener,^ of the 
Z"^^ part. Mention— Honora wife of the said Marquis of Winchester, 
(Sigs. seals all missing.) Winchester, Abraham Bush, John Bilson, 
Ric. Higdon, . . rrey. (Wit^ sigs) Geo: Cony, Hen, Murray, Daniel 
Wicherley, Ra: Wilde, (?) F. Cursdon. [Endorsement on back of 
deed] 17 Sept 1662 ^2600 p^. to Mary Dubois of London, wid. by the 
• Marquis of W. (Sigs.) Mary dubois, Abr. Bush, John Bilson, (Wits 
sigs) John Smith, Anne Stables. 

18. [2 membranes pinned together, dated (1) 28 Apl 16 Car IL 1664, (2) 
25 Oct Geo 1721] Wilts Manor of Bradford. View of Frank Pledge 
with Manor Court of John Marq. of Winchester held at B. 28 Apl 16 



House in Bridge Rowe, London. 



By the Bev. A. W. Stote, F.S,G., Lond. 227 

Car. II by Philip Fursdon & Samuel Holmes, gents, Stewards & 
Surveyors. Surr. by Thos Cooper Seti^ of a Burgage in Fox Lane late 
Customary Tenancy of Frances Grant wid. lately dec"^. Grant of same 
to Thos Cooper Sen'^- and his children Thos C Jun^"« & Susan C. for their 
lives. Fine 25^ Heriot 20^ Rent p.a. 2«. (Sigs) P. Fursdon, Sam: 
Holmes. 

[Attached to the above, a separate membrane] Manor of B. Ct. 
Bar. of lady Anne Powlett Lady of the Manor held at B. 25 Oct. Geo. 
1721 Surr. by Thos. Cooper Sen'*' who claims by Copy dat. 28 Apl 16 
Car II 1664 for his life & the life of Susanna C. now wife of James 
Druce gent, (the above tenancy) " of Frances Grant wid. & lately in 
poss. of John Self sen*' dec<^." He-grant to Thos. Cooper sen^ & John 
C. his son, and Thomas C. s. of the said John C. for their lives. Fine 
8'' Heriot 20' Rent p.a. 2' (Sig) Thos. Cooper. Ex^. by Randolph 
Webb Steward. 

19. [1669] Manor of Bradford cum membris. View of Frankpledge & 
Ct. Baron of John Marq. of Winchester held at B. 10 Oct 21 Car II 
1669 by Rob'. Beech, gent, steward. Surr. by John Lydiard (Copy dat, 
30 Oct 1654 for lives of himself Ann L his sis. & Thos. Gunning his 
nephew) of 2 Customary Ten^ in Leigh & Woolley & land late in ten. 
of Anthony Rogers dec'^ & now in his own tenure. Regrant to John 
Lydiard & his son & said Thos. Gunning for their lives. Rent p.a. 
l7^ 1*^. 2 heriots. Fine xxxi^*. [Endorsed at back.] 15 Apl 1675. 
Surr. by John L. & regrant to himself & his sons John & Ebenezer. 

20. [1670] Manor of Bradford. Ct. Bar. of John Marq of Winchester 
held there 30 Sep. 22 Car. II. 1670. Robt Beach Gent., Steward. 
Surr: by John Crooke who held by copy dat. 28 Apl 16 Car. II a 
customary mess for his life & Edward Cottle's. Regrant to John 
Crooke (except cott. etc at Bradford Bridge) for his life & lives of his 
daughter Maria Crook, & said Edw*^ Cottle. Rent 16' p.a. & Heriot. 
Fine £13— 6— 8. Ex^. by me Rob' Beach [Endorsed at back] Ex'^ 
at Ct. 16 Apl. 1675 & 13 Oct 171 1 " Mary Crooke her copey." 

21. [1678] Manor of B. Ct. Bar. of Francis Lord Powlett held there 
4 Oct Car II. 1678. Surr. by Wm. Richmond & Joanna his wife (late 
Johanna Graunt dau. of Walter G. dec*^) who held by Copy dat. 8 May 
17 Car I of an empty space called Dunns . . . ten. of Anthony 
Watkins in B. next the bridge late in ten. of Anthony Druce dec*^ & 
now in ten. of Joanna Druce wid. & Relict of A D & previously in ten 
of Rich*^ Burcomb. Grant to John Druce &, his bros James & Jeremie 
Druce. Rent p.a. \i^. Fine xx^^ Ex*^. Robt Beach, Steward (Sig) 
Fr. Powlett. [Endorsed on back] 26 Apl. 1686. (Above) James Druce 
admitted tenant. 

22. Ditto. 4. Oct. 30 Car. II. 1678. Surr. by Wm. Richmond etc (as 
above in 21) of a tenement near " le High Crosse" in B. & adjoining 
"le George" held previously by Henry Pickering & afterwards by 
Henry Howell, and afterwards by John Holton, and now by Joseph 
Holton, wh. premises were in the tenure of Anthony Druce dec*^. & 



228 The Society's MSS. 

now are in the ten. of Joanna Druce, his widow & relict & sometime 
of James Morgan. Grant to John Druce & his bros James and 
Jeremie Druce rent p.a. ij^ Fine xx". (Sigs) Fr. Powlett. Rob*. 
Beach, Steward. [Endorsed at back] 26 Apl. '86. The within named 
James Druce was admitted Tenant. Rob. Beach, Steward. 

23. Ditto. Ct-. Bar. held at Bradford 10 May 32 Car II. 1682. Surr: by 
Frances Davis widow of. a Cott. on Whitehill in B. held for her widow- 
hood. Grant to Rich^ Knight for lives of himself and his daus Mary 
& Alice. Rent V. pa. Fine £b (Sigs) Fra. Powlett Rob' Beach, 
Steward. [Endorsed] 31 Oct 1711. Supervised by Rob'. Beach. 
Surrendered Dec. 30, 1713 

24. Ditto. 11 Nov 34 Car. II. 1682. Surr: by Thomas Hervey of cust. 
cott. on Whitehill held by himself & Thos his son. Grant to Charles 
Cottles & his sons John k Benjamin for their lives. Rent pa. xij^ Fine 
xii^i (Sigs) Fr: Powlett, Robt. Beach. 

25. Ditto. 8 June 3 Jas. II. 1687. Surr: by Rich*!. Bayly als Stokes 
sen"" of a cott. on White Hill late lin ten. of Jasper Drewett dec^. 
Regrant to Rich*^ B. als S. & his children Charles & Jane. Rent I^ 
Heriott, 2^ Fine Ix". (Sig) Fr: Pow^lett Rob'. Beach. [Endorsed] 
31 Oct 1711 John Beeman admitted tenant in the right of Jane his wife. 

26. [1687]. (Placed among the Methuen Deeds g.v.) Manor of Bradford 
in Com. Wiltes Ct. Bar. of Fra. Lord Powlett held at B. 31 May 
3 Jas. II 1687 Surr: by William Turner K' of a mess, in B. called 
Coombs held for his life & lives of Anthony & ' Paul Methwen sons of 
Paul Methwin late of B. gent, dec*^.— by his atorneys W"\ Bayly & Chas. 
Cottle. Grant of same to said Anthony Methwen and his sons Thomas 
and John, for their lives. Rent p.a. xxvi* viii*^ & heriot. Finelvij^* 
(Sigs) John Holliday. Thos. Bridgmoare. Rob.' Beach, Steward. 
Fra: Powlett (armorial seal) [Endorsed at back] 31 Oct 1711. Super- 
vised. 7th 10^"8 1713. Surrendered by ye w'*'in named Ant. Methwen. 

27. Ditto (as in 26.) 15th Jan. 1 Wm & Mary, 1689. Surr: by Richard 
Stokes alias Bayly & William S. als B, of a Customay Tenancy in B. 
late in the ten of their Fater Robert Bayly & now in the tenure of the 
said Rich^. Grant to Rich'^. Stokes als Bayly & Jane & Chas S. als 
B. his dau & son for their lives. Rent p.a. 4^ Heriot 8^ Fine 40^ 
(Sigs) Frs Powlett Rob' Beach, Steward. [Endorsed] 31 Oct. 1711. 
John Beeman admitted tenant in the right of Jane his wife. 

28. Ditto, (as in 26.) 4 Mar. 2 Wm. & M. 1689. Surr: by Richard 
Alderwick Sen^- who held by Copy dat. 8 Oct. 1 Jas II. for his own life 
& the lives of his s. & dau. Rich*^. & Ann A, a Customary Ten', etc. 
(with the use of a well in common with William Bayly). Grant of 

^ This Paul Methwin, Sen., was the son of Anthony M., Vicar of Frome, 
and died 1667. He introduced Dutch weavers to Bradford. Anthony M. 
lived 1650—1717. In the pedigree in the History of Bradford Thomas is 
said to be his only son. 



By the Rev, A, W. Stote, F.S.G., Loud. 229 

same to William Kendall for his life & the lives of James Hodges, & 
Martha dau. of the said J. H. of Ashley in p. of B worsted-comber. 
Rent pa. 2^ 11*^ Heriot P. Fine, xij". (Sigs) Francis Powlett. 
Rob* Beach, Steward. [Endorsed] 31 Oct 1711. supervised by Rob* 
Beach, Stew"^. 7° Aug. 1722 Surrendered by the within named. 
(Sig.) Randolph Webb, Steward. 

29. Ditto (as in 26.) 16 Oct 3 Wm. & M. 1691. Surr: by Richard 
Timbrell of a mess. & land n*" Bradford Bridge held by copy dat. 16 Apl 
16 Car. II. for his life. Regrant to R. T. for his life & the lives of Jane 
Timbrell dau. of Rob* T. his bro. «& Thos. T. another bro. of R. T. 
Rent xij^ Heriot Fine xx". (Sigs) as in 28. [Endorsed] 31 Oct 
1711. Supervised by Ro^ Beach Stew<^. Surrendered & regranted " to 
ye w"'in named Richard & to Thomas & Jane his son & dau " (sic). 

30. Counterpart of Lease for 99 years or 3 Lives dat. 25 July 3 Wm & M 
1691. Frances Lord Powlett of Englefield co. Berks, to John Mar- 
gerome the elder of Bradford co. Wilts Tayler. Lease of a Cott. etc at 
Whitehill in the Manor of B. newly erected by J. M. & formerly in the 
tenure of Thomas Hannam dec*^. for 99 yrs, or the lives of Sarah M. 
now wife of J. M. the elder, and his sons John M. the younger & 
Christopher M. Heriot vj'. viij"^. Rent, p.a. lij'. iiij"^ (Sig.) John 
Margeram. (Sigs of wits) Francis Smith. AlHn Bolwell. 

31. Lease in revertion (paper deed 3 sheets) dat. 20 May 5 Wm. & M. 1693. 
Francis Lord Powlett of Englefield, Co. Berks, to Robert Beach of 
Woolley in p. of Bradford Co. Wilts, Esq^^ Lease in revertion of a 
copyhold mess. & land in Woolley in the Manor of B. late in ten. of 
Christian Chandler wid. dec'^. After the death, surrender, etc of John 
Chandler, & Joseph Chandler 2 of the sons of the s^. C. C, (who hold 
by copy dat. 15 Oct 1681 for 99 years & the life of Thos. King s of 
Harman King of West Ashton co. Wilts gent.) Rent 9' 6^^ half yearly. 
Heriot on death of T. K. £5. (Sig) Robert Beach. Armorial seal with 
crest a rg^mpant demi lion rising from a coronet & couped, and arms ? 
vairy 1 a pheon & a fleur-de-lis. (Sigs. of Wit'.) Tho: Powlett. Ric: (?) 
S . . . h, [Endorsed] Lives in being are John & Joseph Chandler, 
Thomas King (? paid) 30—0—0 for puting in a Life but it is worth 
49—0—0. 

32. Lease in Revertion (parchment deed) dat. 20 May 5 Wm. & M. 1693. 
Fra: Lord Powlett to Harman King of West Ashton co. Wilts gent. 
For £30 Lease in Revertion of the copyhold mentioned above in 
31 for 99 years if Thos. King s. of said Harman King shall so long 
live. (Sig) Francis Powlett (seal missing) (Sigs of ,Witl) Robt. Beach, 
Richard Talboys & Ric^ Foard. 

33. [1694] Manor of Bradford. Ct. Baron of Francis Lord Powlett held 
there 20 Sept 1694, by Rob*. Beach Esq. Admission as Tenant in 
Revertion of Robert Halliday to a Cust^ Ten^. in B. " now in the tenure " 
of his mother Elizabeth H. wid. After her death & the death etc of 
Paul H. his bro. Grant of the Tenancy in Revertion to Robert Halliday 



230 The Societijs MSS. 

and William Halliday son of Eichard H. of B. clothier for their lives. 
Fine 35". Rent 3^ 4^. (Sig) Fr. Powlett. [Endorsed] 11 May 1731 
Rob* H. admitted Tenant. Randolph Webb Gent. Stew'i. 21 Oct 
1735 W'". H. admitted Tenant. R. Webb (Sig) Stew^. (Sigs of Wit^ 
Mat. Smith, Charles Timbrell. 

34. Ditto (as in 33.) 21 Nov. 1694. Surr: by Samuel Fry of a Mess, 
etc in Pippetts Street in B. late Parcel of Teni. called Hewes held for 
his life & the lives of his sons Richard & Samuel Fry. Graiit of same 
to John Silby & his children Anne & James. Rent 2' 4^ Heriot 4^ 8*^ 
Fine £l3. (Sig) Fr: Powlett [Endorsed] 31 Oct 1711. Supervised 
by Robt Beach, Stew'^. " John Selby's Copie." 

35. Lease for 99 years to Mr. Francis Smith dated 17 Oct. 1695. Fra. 
Ld Powlett of Englefield co. Berks to Francis Smith of B. Maulster. 
Surr. of Copyhold & pay', of £5. Cott. etc. on Whitehill now in ten. 
& occ. of the undertenant of Joane Morris, wid. near ten*^ of Rich*^ 
Stokes als Baylie & Chas Cottle & a Close of Mrs.Goldisborough. Lease 
for 99 years or the lives of Wm Reeves of B. Labourer serv' to Fr, Smith, 
Mary now wife of W. R, and Grace Bartlett Spinster a menial servant 
of F. S. Rent l^ (Sigs) Francis Smith. Seal crest, eagle rising from 
cap of maintenance. (Wit sigs) Thos. Brogmon & Mary Knight. 

36. [11 June 10 Anne 1711] ManorofB. CoppofCt.R. John Williams 
& Honora his wife & Strodus Blackbury who claim by copy dat. 14 Dec. 
17 Wm. III. 1695 a mess, etc in Church St. in B. Surr. of same. 
Grant to Thos Plurrett s. of John P. of B. skinner, & Ebenezer & 
Noah bros. of T. P. Rent 2^ & heriot. Fine £2b. (Sig) Fra: Powlett. 
[Endorsed] 31 Oct. 1711. Supervised by Robt Beach, Stew^ 

37. [23 Oct. 1716] Bradford Manor. . Ct. Bar. of Lady Anne Powlett 
Randolph Webb Gent. Stew*^. Surr. by John Silby sen^- who holds for 
his life and lives of his children Anne & James a mess, etc in Pippett 
St in B. (formerly in ten. of Sam^ Fry Sen^ dec^. & lately parcel of tent 
called Hewes. Grant to Daniel Bright for his life and the lives of the 
above Anne & James S. Rent 2^ 4^ Heriot 4^ ^^. Fine £5.7—6 
(Sig) Daniel Bright [Endorsed at back] Mem. by R. Webb (sig) of 
the situation and dimensions of the tenement. 

38. [Court Leet Book, Bradford Manor, 1720, 1721, 1728. 16pp. paper 
roughly stitched in a parchment cover cut from an old lease, Randell — 
Hewett.] Manor of B. Court Leet with Ct. Bar. of Lady Anne 
Powlett held 5 May 6 Geo 1 1720. Randolph Webb Gent. Steward. 
Tho. Tidcomb, Bailifif of the Manor. Tho. Tucker, Rich* Timbrell, 
Jacob Silby, & Wm. Russell Homage. John Self, Bailiff of the Hun- 
dred. Jo. Self, Jun^-. Portreeve. 

Presentments. (1) Ebenezer Lyddiard of (?) Brookeham, Clothier 
admitted tent of copyhold at Leigh & Woolley (now in poss of Wm 
Webb) for his life. Adm"^. by his attorneys, Rich* Timbrell of B. 
serge-maker, & Thos Tucker, of B. farrier (two of the homagers). Sigs 



By the Bev. A. W. Siote, F,S.G., Bond. 231 

of Wit^ Wm. Kendoll, James Silby, John Orpen.' (2) The same by 
the same homagers Surr. the above copyholds in Woolley. Same Wit^ 
sigs. (Sig.) Randolph Webb, Stew"^. Court Leet with Ct. Bar. 10. May 
6. Geo I. 1720 Randolph Webb, Steward. Tho Tidcomb, Bailiff of 
the Manor. John Self Sen*"- Bailiff of the Hundred, sworn. Jos. Hull, 
Jno Self in loco Robte Holliday, Constables of the Hundred. 

Tithingmen. Wingfeild : Wm, Howell. Attworth : Jo. West. Holt : 
John Tompkins in place of Mrs. Godwyn. Trowle Magna : Thos Mays 
in place of widow Watts 6' 8^. S. Wraxell : Ilich*^ Tayler. Winsley : 
Rich*^. Tyley. Leigh & Woolley : Jo. Margerum in place of Thos Beach. 
Comberwell : Jo. Newton. Limpley Stoke : Wm. Huntly. Chawfeild 
Magna : Thos. Miles. Broughton Gifford : " Cume Cane." Burgh of 
Bradford, Portreeve : Jo. Self Senr. Constables of the Burgh : Chas. 
Donwick & Titus Rake. Coroners of the Markets (" Coranar Marcat") 
Jo. Silby Junr & Chas Hen ton. " Sigill Corij " {1 Inspectors of Weights 
& Measures) Jo. Cooper & Jo. Beverstock. Hayward : W"" Gibbs. 

Constables & Tything men for the year 1720. Holt : Wm. Hartford. 
Wm. Woodley (Sworn). Troal Magna : Sam^ Gilbert. South Wraxall : 
Dan^ Brown. Winfeild: Wm Hobbs. Attworth: Maria Cottle, wid. 
Wm Withey (Sworn). Winsly : Edw"^. Thresher, Jo. Margeram, sworn. 
Charvel Magna : Thos, Miles. Leigh & Woolley : Joan Foot, Jo. 
Margeram, sworn. Limpley Stoake : Wm. Huntly. Cumberwell : Jo: 
Newton. Broughton Gifford : Cum Cane. Constables of the Hundred : 
Jo. Orpen sworn. Wm. Lewis, in his place Jo. Self sworn. Portreeve : 
Jo. Self. Constables of the Borough : Jo. Silbey Jun^"- , W"" Spender, 
Market Coroners (Coronat Mercati) Thos. Garrett & Rob ^Cooper. 
*'Sigil Corij "(Inspectors of Measures ?)Abra. Hanny & Barnett Boscomb. 
Hayward : Wm. Gibbs. 

Manor of B. C. Bar of Lady Powlett, Lady of the Manor, held 
17 Aug. 7 Geo I 1720. Randolph Webb, Steward, and Wm, Dick, 
Deputy Bailiff. Homage: Gab. Cox, Jo. Penny, & Jo. Margerome. 
John Self, Portreeve. 

Surr: by Thos Cooper of Stoford co. Wilts gent, of Mess, called 
Cooks, a copyhold in B. held by copy dat. 10 Apl 4 Jas. II 1688 for the 
lives of himself & his s. Jo. C. (Sigs of Homage) Gabriel Cox, John 
Margem, & John Penny. Admission as Tenant of Same Granted to 
Edward Thresher of Ankly co. Wilts, Baker for his life & " John his 
now son." Surr. of same by said Edward Thresher. 

Manor Hundred and Borough of B. View of Frank Pledge & Ct. 
Bar. of Lady Anne Powlett held at B. Market Place 25 Oct 7 Geo I. 
1720, by Randolph Webb, gent. Steward. Bailiff of the Manor: Matthew 
Smith. Bailiff of the Hundred : Jno Self Jun^- deputy. Constables of 
the Hundred Jo. Orpen & Jo. Self Sen^". (in place of Wm. Davis). 
Tithingmen. Holt : Wm. Woodley in place of Wm. Hartford. Troul 
Magna : Samuel Gilbert. Southrexell : Dan^ Brown 6' 8^ Winfeild : 
Wm. Hobbs. Attworth : Wm Withey in place of Marie Cottle, wid. 
Winsly : John Margeran in place of Edw^ Thresher. Charvel Magna : 

^ Gainsborough's " Parish Clerk " was an Orpen, of Bradford. 



232 The Society's MSS. 

Tho. Miles. Leigh & Woolley : Jo. Margeran in place of Joan Foot. 
Limpley Stoak : Wm. Huntly. Cumberwell : Jo. Newton 6' 8'^. 
Broughton Gifford : Cum Cane. Jo. Selfe Sen^. Portreeve. Constables 
. of the Borough : Jo. Silby Junr & Wm. Spender. Market Coroners : 
Thos. Barrett & Robt. Cooper. Sigill Corij ; Abrah. Hanny & Barnett 
Boscombe. Hayward : Wm. Gibbs. " Jas. Smith, Wm. Grant, pound 
breach." 

Jury for the Hundred of B : Mr. James Capp, Giddion Tanner, Tho. 
Sumpsion, Jo. Godwyne, Robt Bull, Wm. Sauney, Tho. Eyles, Jo. Clarke, 
Wm. Matthews, Gabriel Chevers, Wm. Bobbins (erased). Roger Earl, 
John Earl, Jacob Sparks (? James), Robt Box, John Ward, Sam^ 
Sheppard, Humphrey Clark, Jo. Wiltshire, Wm Young, Gabriell 
Sheppard, Robt. Parker, Robt Browne. Mr. Poss (? Posthumous) Bush, 
Henry Liddiard (erased), Wm. Sertain. 

Jury for the Borough of B : Tho. A Land, Geo Kirkpatrick, Wm. 
Andrews, Wm. Stennard, Rich^ Chepmen, Robt Hanny, Francis- Marks, 
Rich* King, John Crook, W"" Cray, Tho. Brown. Tho. Hillier, James 
Myles, Rich^ Strawbridge, Mich. Tidcomb, Henry Lilliard, John Smith, 
Joseph Stennard, W"". Millard, Anth. Gotsell, Roger Deverell. 

Jury for the Homage : John Orpen, W*" Bayly, Jo. Penny, Jo. 
Beman, Jo. Margeran, Tho. Tucker, Dan. Hicks, Rich** Timbrell, Jo. 
Wastfeild. Matthew Smith and Tho. Duke gent, sworn afifeerers. 

Manor of B. Ct. Bar of Lady Anne Powlett held 21 Mar. 7 Geo I. 
1720, by Randolph Webb Steward there. Homage: Rich*^ Timbrell, 
Tho. Tucker, & Jo. Margeram. Robt. Hanny, Bailiflf of the Hundred. 

By letter of attorney dat. 14 Mar. (1720/1) Rich^ Timbrell of B. 
sergemaker & Tho. Tucker of B. farrier, Homagers, were, admitted 
Tenants on behalf of Robert Gornick^ & Joan C. " his now wife " land 
in B. adjoining Sam'. Frys tenem^ now in poss. of R. C & J. C & held 
for the life of Joan C. (Sigs) Randolph Webb, Tho. Tucker and the 
mark of R. Timbrell. Surr. of the same for the same parties. Same 
sigs and also Robt Hanny and the mark of Jno Margeram. 

Manor of B. Ct. Bar. of Lady Powlett held at Limpley Stoke Monday 
8 May, 7 Geo. I 1721, by Randolph Webb Steward & Robt Hanny 
Bailiff of the Hundred of B. Jo. Margeram Portreeve. Homage : Tho. 
Tucker & Rich^ Timbrell. Surr. by Ebenezer & Noah Plurratt, bros 
of Thos Plurratt late of B. dec*, of a Cust. mess, in Church St. p. of B. 
now in poss. of Sarah P. wid. wh. they held by Copy dat. 11 June 1711 
for their lives in Revertion of Sarah P's widowhood. (Sigs) Noah 
Plurt & Eb. Plurret. Marks of Jo. Margeram & Ric* Timbrell, Tho. 
Tucker, Robart Hanny. Randolph Webb, Stew*. 

Manor of Bradford. Ct. Bar. of Lady Anne Powlett held at B. 
15 Oct. 2 Geo. II. 1728 by Randolph Webb Steward. Admision as 
Ten*, of Mary Palmer for her widowhood etc. Surr. by his Attorneys 
(Jo. Harvey & Rich* Timerell) of Thos Stokes of mess, etc in Whitehill 
p. of B. held by copy dat. 5 Apl. 1682 for his life. (Sigs) Jo. Harvey ; 
mark of Rich*.Timerall (? Timbrell), Tho. Tucker, mark of Jo. Margeram 
(Homagers) R. Webb, Stewd'^. 



By the Rev. A. W. Stote,F,S.G., Lond, 233 

39. Manor of B. Ct. Baron of Lady Anne Powlett held 8 May 7 Geo I 
1721. Surr. by Ehenezer <k Noah Plurrett (as Tenants in Reversion 
after widowhood of Sarah Plurrett) who hold by Copy dat. 11 June 
1711, Mess, in Church St. in B. Substitution of the lives of Rachel 
& Clement P. s. & d. of Thos. P. dec*^. & of the sd. Sarah P. (admitted 
Tenant) Rent 2' p.a. Heriot. Fine ^11. (Sig) Thos Dicke, Guardian 
to R. & C. P. 

40. [Counterpart of Reversionary Lease Lady Powlett to Mr Mat. Smith 
dat. 19 June I Geo. III. 1727] Anne Lady Powlett of Englefield Co. 
Berks, wid. & Hon Anne Bright of E, wid. & Pxelict of Rev. Nathan 
Bright late of Englefield, clerk, dec*^ & also sole dau. & h. of Hon. 
Francis Lord Powlett late of E, dec*^ to Matthew Smith of B. cd. 
Wilts, clothier. Recites Lease dat 26 Apl. 6 Wm k Mary 1694 Lord 
Fra: Powlett to Francis Smith of B. Malster (since dec*^) Copyhold in 
Tooley St. in B. then in ten. of l^hos. Leivis clerke for 99 yrs. or for 
his life & lives of Gabriel Cox of B (since dec*^) serge-dresser & Wm. 
Reeves of B. husbandman. 

Lease of same to M. S. on the death of Wm. Reeves for 99 years or 
the lives of Mathew Smith's sons, Francis aged about 4 years & Mathew 
junr aged about 2 years. Rent 4' 4^ p.a. Heriot 6' 8^ Fine £16. 
(Sig) Mat. Smith. (Wit^ Sig) Randolph Webb, Sam^ Webb Jun^"- 

41. Manor of B. Ct. Bar. of Lady Anne Powlett held 19 June 2 Geo IL 
1728. by Randolph Webb, Gent, Stew*^. Grant io Samuel Cooper oi 
the Reversion of a Cott. etc on Whitehill nr B. (formerly in ten, of 
Thos. Bayly als Stokes & now of s"^ S.C) for his life & Eliza his dau. 
after the death etc of Thos, B, als S. Fine X'21. Rent V. herriot 2^ 
The mark of Samuel Cooper. 

42. Prebendal Manor of B. Ct. Bar. held there 6 Dec. 8 Geo. II, 1734. 
Ct. B. of Evelyn Duke of Kingston, Lord Farmer of the s^ Manor 
before Thos, Trigge, Deputy to Jo. Trigge, gent., Steward. Homage : 
Wm. Halliday, Rich^. Burcombe, John Palmer. Grant to Daniel Jones 
of B (aged c. 1 1 yrs) s. of Dan. J of B dyer dec"^. & of Elizabeth his w. 
Mess, & land (Home Close, & Somer Leaze) in Trowle late in poss. of 
D. J. dec*^ & now in occ, of Eliz J. for his life & lives of his sis, Elizabeth 
(aged c 24 yrs) k his bro. Thos. J. (aged c 6 years) Fine £240, (Sig) 
Thos Trigge. 

43, [10 Apl. 8 Geo. IL 1735] Prebend Manor of B., with its members. 
Ct. B, of Evelyn D. of Kingston upon Hull, Lord Farmer, held before 
John Trigge, gent, Steward. Surr, by John Palmer, carpenter, & cus- 
tomary tent, of 2 cust. Tent^ now divided into 4, ten^s- in Fox Lane B. 
late in ten. of John Vaughan in the right of his W. then late Mary 
Marks with land viz. 1 ac in enclosure of Jo. Cooper Esq, nr, the Brook 
in Kingsfield, 2 ac in Harry Lyddiard's, 1 ac in Tadsley, 3 ac. Forewords 
Common, 6 ac. in Avonfield, 1 ac. at Almshouse Hill, 3 ac, in Yeamead, 
1 ac in Wynterleaze, 2 ac at Whitehill in B. And p^ of cust. Lands 
held for his life & lives of Wm Palmer & Chas. P. his sons by Copy 

VOL. XLI,— NO. CXXXIV, E 



234 The Society s MSS. 

dat. 16 Dec. 1727. Grant to J. P of the Mess, now 4 Ten^s- in "Fox 
St., otherwise Whitehead's Lane" & lands in Kingsfield nr. Pinchmead 
& nr. Woolley etc, etc, (named above), also close "Stump's Cross '^ 
next a piece "having the footpath from B. to Trowbridge" . . . 
lands late in poss. of Francis Yerbury dec*^ "Gt. Wall Mead." Ref : 
(pt. of Hawkins' copy now in poss. of Mr Jas. Fellows ment^.) Eef : 
Elms Croft field nr, the Almshouse, to J. P. & his sons Wm & Charles 
for their lives. Rent p.a. 9^ 10<i. Heriot £5. Fine £11 18. (Sig) Jo. 
Trigge Stew^. 

44. Manor of B. Ct. Br. of Powlet Wright Esq. held 27 Apl 1738 by 
Randolph Webb, Gentleman, Steward. Admission of Robt. Jones the 
elder to a mess, called Helps or Smuttons nr. Sayes Green p. of B. now 
in his ten. for his life & lives of his sons Thos. & Robt. Rent 5'. Heriot 
2^ Fine £6. (Sigs) Powlett Wright, Ran. Webb., Stew"^. (Endorsed) 
" No use. Lease granted by Mr. Wright to Thos (? Satridge) for 99 
years dat*^, on the 3 lives on fine certain." 

44a. [Ditto as above, 44.] 25 Apl. 1738. Surr. by Jane Tucker wid. of 
Copyhold Mess, on Whitehill p. of B. formerly in ten. of Wm. Batchellor 
& late of Rich'^. Knight dec<^. Regrant to J. T. for lives of her son 
John T. and Thos & Caleb sons of Wm. Batchellor. J. T. admitted 
Tent. Rent P. Heriot 2\ Fine £6. 

4413- [Ditto as 44.] 27 Apl, 1738. Grant to Thomas Haskell of Mess. 
called Dainton's on Whitehill p. of B. late in ten, of Joan Hanny wid. 
dec"^ for his life & lives of his s. John (by his now wife Eliz^h.) & Ms 
s. Thos. (by his former wife Jane) Rent 5». Heriot 3' 4^. Fine £'21. 
(Sigs.) Powlett Wright, Sam. Webb, Stew^. 

45. Prebend Manor of B. with appurtenances. Ct. Bar. of Evelin Duke 
of Kingston upon Hull, Lord Farmer, held Sat. 9 June 12 Geo. IL 1739 
before John Trigge, gent. Steward. Homage: Wm. Holliday, Rich'*. 
Burcomb, Jo Shrapnel, Jo, Palmer, Wm. Tapnel, Surr. by Thos. 
Cooper Esq (a Cust Ten^-) to a cott. wool loft, & land held by Copy 
dat. 10 Apl 1735, Regrant of same to said Thos. C, & Sarah C, dau. 
of s*^ T. C. & Frances his wife aged about l| yrs & Frances Cooper, 
youngest dau. of s<* T. C. & F. C. aged \ yr. Rent V %" Not heriotable. 
Fine £36. (Sig) Jo, Trigge (Endorsed)^" Mrs, Garth's Copys." 

46. [Ditto as 45.] Sat, 9 June 9 Geo. IL 1739. Surr. by Thos. Cooper 
Esq. (a cust. Tent.) of Cott, etc. in B. & land on "Stimple Hill" & at 
" Woolies Elme," & on " Hare Knapp" (late in ten. of Susannah Druce 
wid.) held by copy dat. 10 Apl. 1735. Regrant of Same to T. C. & his 
daus. by Frances his wife viz Sarah, aged c 1^ yrs, & Frances (youngest 
dau.) aged c i yr. Rent 3« 4*1. Heriot .£5. (Sig.) Jo. Trigge. 'J 

47. "Counterpart of Wm. Baber's Copy in Revertion" 22 May 1739. 
Manor Hundred & Borough of B, " Ct, Leet & View of Frank Pledge 
of our Sov. Lord the King & Ct. Bar. of the Hon. Powlett' Wright Esqr 
Lord of the Manor Hundred & Borough of B." before Wm. Assenton 
gent. Steward. Grant in Reversion to William Baher (age about 12 



By the Bev. A. W. Stole, F.S.G., Bond. 235 

years) s. of Samuel Baber of a Burgage in Fox Lane in B. part of the 
Oust. ten^^. of Frances Grant, wid, dec'', [formerly in poss. of Thos. 
Cooper the elder dec*^ who held by Copy dat. 25 Oct. 1721, for his life 
& the lives of his s. John Cooper, & Thos. C., s of the s** Jo. C] for 
the life of Wm. B. after the death of Jo. C. & Thos. C. his son. Rent 
2^ Heriot 20^ Fine £11. (Sigs) William Baber, Th. Assenton, Stew*^. 

47a. [Indenture Tripartite dat. 1 Mar. 15 Geo. II. 1741. ref. to the 
Bankruptcy of Anthony Druce. ref. to several Wills.] 

Copyhold Land in Winsley in the Manor of the Rectory of B. taken 
by Jo. Wilshere from the Commissioners in Bankruptcy (1st parties). 
(1st) John Bissy, of Monkton in Broughton Gifford co Wilts yeoman, 
Thos. Dike of Bradford, glazier, & Rich"^. Whatley of B. baker. (2d) 
Anthony Druce of B. clothier. (3d) John Wilshere of Winsley in B. 
slaymaker. Recites Indenture 23 Mar 1733 (1) Jo. Dawe late of Turlyn, 
p of B. but then of City of Bath Gent ; Edmund Dawe of Turly gent ; 
Chas Dawe of Dennington co Somerset, gent ; Thos. Read of same 
gent ; Rich*^ Grant of Bradford Leigh grazier & John Wilshere of T. 
yeoman. (2) Anth. Druce of B. clothier Recites Indenture 6 Feb. 
1727 (1st) Jo. Dawe then of Charlton Horethorn co Somerset gent, 
devisee under the Will of Jo. Curie Esq his late grandfather dec*^^ & 
administrator of the Goods of Chas. Dawe his late f. dec*^, with 
will annexed ; and also Admin'- of Thos Dawe dec<^. Walter Long of 
Wraxall co Wilts Esq. & Joseph Houlton of Trowbridge Esq surviving 
Trustees of Will of s'^. Jo. Curie. Thos. Edgar of Charlton Horethorn 
clerk & Herbert Hussey of same gent., surviving Trustees of will of 
C}ia& Dawe dec*^. (2*^) Jo. Thresher of B. Esq. Exor of the last will & 
also s. & h. of Edw*^ Thresher late of B. gent. dec*^. Recites Trust 
Deed dat. 22 Mar. 1733 of Mary Baskerville of WooUey sp. 3 copyholds 
of the Manor of the Rectory of Bradford in Turlyn p. of B. formerly 
granted by Jo. Hall Esq dec*^ to Anne Curie for her life & then in poss. 
of Jo. Dawe, Edmund Dawe, Chas. Dawe, Thos. Reed, Rich*^ Grant, tfe 
Jo. Wilshere. (1st parties) The Trustees, J. D., E. D., C. D. & T. R. 
(2nd parties) R. E., J. W., & Rich*^. Broad of Turlyn, carpenter. (3rd 
Party) Mary Baskerville of Woolly p. of B. spinster. Ref. to will of 
Francis Roche, of B. innholder dec^. Eastcroft in Winsley bought by 
Anth. Druce of the above Trustees is vested in the Commisioners of 
A. D's Bankruptcy (Commission dat. 29 May 13 Geo. II) & sold by 
them to J. W. 

48. [9 Jan. 22 George II. 1748] Prebend Manor of B. Ct. Bar. of Evelyn 
D. of Kingston-upon-Hull Lord Farmer of the Manor, held at B. by 
Daniel Clutterbuck, gent, steward. Surr. by John Palmer, carpenter 
(a cust. Ten*-) of 4 Ten^s. in Fox St otherwise Whiteheads Lane & lands 
(Ref: to Kingsfieldnr Pinchmead & Woolley, Forwards Lane, Common, 
nr. Whitehill, Yeamead, Avonfield, footpath from B to Trowbridge, 
land late in poss. of Fras. Yerbury dec^., Crabtree Close, Taplin's, 
Hawkin'slate Mr Jas. Fellows, Elmscroftfield Almshouse, Windersleys) 
all in p. of B. held for his life and life of his son Chas. Palmer by copy 

R 2 . 



236 The Society's MSS. 

dat. 10 Apl 1735. Grant of Same to Chas. Palmer (s. of above John P) 
and John P. (s. of s^ 0. P & aged c. 1 year) for their lives, rent 9^ 10^ 
Heriot £5. Fine ^70. (Sig.) Dan. Clutterbuck Steward. 

49. [Ditto as above in 48] Monday 23 Aug. 30 Geo. II. 1756. Admission 
as tenants in revertion of William Goodall Burcombe (aged c 16 years) 
& his sis. Mary Lovinge Easton (w. of Mr. Wm. E) s. & dau. of Rich*^. 
Burcombe late a Oust. Ten^- of a mess, in Margaret St. B. (nr mess, 
sometime Mr. Druce's now Mr. Cooper & nr a mess, sometime Mr 
Druce's now Mr. Cooper & nr. a mess, sometime Mr Ferris' now Sam^ 
Bechellon & now in occ. of Mr. Wm. Crabb) for their lives after for- 
feiture etc of Elizabeth Burcombe wid. who holds the same " for her 
fire bench " and the death surrender etc of Edward Burcombe (bro. of 
W. G. B.) who holds the same for his life by copy dat. 2 Aug. 1571 
rent P. 8^. Fine -656 (Sig) Dan. Clutterbuck, Steward. 

53. Prebend Manor of B. 8 Aug. 28 Geo. III. 1788. Ct. Bar. of Hon 
Daines Barrington Esq. (surviving Trustee of will of Evelyn D. of 
Kingston-upon-Hull dec"^.) Lord Farmer of the Manor, before Joseph 
Smith, gent. Steward. Surr. by Thos. Bush of B. clothier & Sam* 
Raynor, of B. gent, of a cott. etc in B. called " Hendys " & lands 
(Elmcross field & field in Poulton) held by copy dat. 15 Jan. 1788 for 
lives of Jas Beaven of Whaddon, yeoman, Chas Cadby (s. of Bobt C. of 
B. carpenter) & Sam^ Chapman (s. of Sam\ C. of Semington, yeoman.) 
Grant of same to T. B, S. R. & said James Beaven (aged c 26 years) 
Rent 4«. & heriot Fine 1« T. B. & S. R. adm*^. tents. (Endorsed) 
31 May 1788. 12 ac (Elmcross field) sold to Jo. Hinton of B. cloth- 
worker & 22 ac. (Poulton) to Sam^ Bail ward & Zach Shrapnel both of 
B. Esqs. (Sigs.) Thos. Bush, Sam^ Raynor, k Jas. Beaven. (Wit. sig) 
Thos. Carter. [Endorsed] 16 May 1788 License to T. B, S. R, & J. B. 
to demise" Hendys" Elmcross & Poulton properties. N.B. Declaration 
of Trust 2 June 1788. " Hendys " used for a workhouse for the poor of B. 

50a. [Placed among the Methuen Deeds, q.v. 6. May, 18 Geo. III. 1778.] 
Manor of B. Ct. Bar. of Paul Methuen Esq Lord of the Manor, held 
there 6 May 1778 by Dan^ Clutterbuck, gent, Steward. Surr. by Thos. 
Haskell (one of the sons of Thos. H. dec*^) who held by Copy dat. 27 Apl 
1738, mess, called Dainton's on Whitehill p. of B. late in ten. of Joan 
Hanny wid. dec"^. Grant of same to Benj. Fisher of B. for his life & 
lives of his sons James (aged c 10 yrs) & George (aged c 4 years). Rent 
b\ Heriot 3^ 4*^. Fine £16. (Sig.) Dan^ Clutterbuck, Stew'*. 

51. [Headed as 50, q.v.] Preb. Manor. 8 Aug 28 Geo. Ill 1788. Surr. by 
Thos. Bush of B. clothier of reversion of mess, wool-loft & land in B, 
held by Copy dat. 13 June last for life of himself & of his dau Catherine 
(aged c. 8 years) after death etc. of Frances Garth wid. (formerly 
Frances Cooper^ youngest dau. of Thos. Cooper Esq. & Frances his w. 
both dec^) who claims by copy dat. 9 June, 1739. Regrant of Reversion 
to the same after death etc of same. Fine P. each, & both adm^ tents, 
in reversion. (Sig.) Jos. Smith, Stew*^' 



Bij the Rev. A. W, Stote, F.S.G,, London, 237 

52. [Headed as 50. q-v.] Preb. Manor. 16 May 28 Geo. Ill 1788. Surr. 
by Samuel Bailward of B.Esq, of reversion of mess. & dovehouse & land 
in B. (Kingsfield, Common, Berfield, Elmscrossfield (Hawkins) held 
by copy dat. 15 Jan. last for the lives of his sons Thos She well B. & 
Sam' Groome Bailward after death etc of his now wife Anna Maria (late 

A. M. Stevens) who claimed by Copy dat. 24 Aug, 1761. Grant of 
reversion of same to T. S. B. aged 6 yrs & S. G. B. (aged abt. 2 yrs.) 
after death etc of s^ A. M. B. Rent 8^ 9*^. Heriot £5. Fine P. (Sig) 
Jos. Smith, Stew*^. 

53. Prebend Manor of B. Bradford Workhouse. [Declaration of Trust 
dated 2 June 1788. Messrs. Bush, Raynor, & others & the Parish of 
Bradford. 4 Documents wrapped up in the Deed, viz. 2 copies of Ct. 
Roll & 2 papers.] 

Declaration of Trust. Thos. Bush, clothier & Sam' Raynor, gent, 
both of B. & Jas Beaven of Whaddon, Co. Wilts, yeoman. 

Recites 50. q.v. T. B. & S. R. p^. Lord of Prebend Manor of B, 
£230 fine & M costs (1) to sell land (12 ac. "Elmscrossfield" & 2^ ac 
" Poulton ") to Wm. Stevens & Jo. Woods who with T. B. & S. R. are 
Churchwardens & Overseers of the Poor of B. (II) T. B. & S. R. 
to hold " Hendys " in trust for a workhouse for the Poor of B. held 
by them by copy dat. 16 May 1788 (q.v.) (Sigs) T. B., S. R., & J. B. 
(Wit\ sigs) Jas Mundy & Thos. Carter (of B. gent). 

[Wrapped up in the Deed are] (a) Ct. Bar. of Preb. Manor of B. 
16 May 1788. License to T. B. & S. R. to demise the above properties 
held by T. B. S. R. & J. B. by copy of same date, (b) Ditto. Same 
date. Surr. by T. B. & S. R. of same properties held by copy dat. 15 
Jan. 1788 for lives as in 50 g.-y. [Mem. at back] 31 May 1788. 12 ac. 
in " Elmscrossfield" sold to John Hinton of B. clothworker. 2^ ac. in 
"Poulton" sold in parcels to Sam' Bailward & Zachariah Shrapnell 
both of B. Esqrs. (Sigs) Thos. Carter, Thos. Bush, S. R & J. B. (c) 
Notice (on paper) dat. 23 Jan., 1845, to the Kennet & Avon Canal Co. 
from the solicitors of the Churchwardens & overseers of the Poor of 

B. (Timbrell & Merrick of B) of the death of Jas. Beaven (d. 28 July 
1844) «fe recites Grant by late Zach. Shrapnell dec^ of lands to the Canal 
Co. (copy dat. 20 Nov 1811) for lives of Jo. Jones of Woolley Esq & 
Walter Long of Rood Ashton, Esq. To pay rent to the Churchwardens 
& overseers of B. (d) Receipt (oni paper) dat. 26 Apl 1806 for 
heriot of £21 on the death of Samuel Raynor. (Sig) (?) Wm. Clavell_ 

54. [6 Apl. 35 Geo. Ill 1795] Prebend Manor of B. Ct. Bar. of William 
. Clavill Esq., Lord Farmer of the Manor, before Joseph Smith, gent, 

Steward. Admision of Thos. Bush (S. of Thos. B. of B. Esq.) aged 9 
years to the Reversion of Cott. & land in B.(Stimple Hill, Woolleys Elm, 
Hareknapp formerly in ten. of Susanna Druce Wid.) after the deaths 
etc of T. B. the father & Caroline B his dau. (Ref. Cop dat. 8 Aug 
28 Geo III. 1788) rent 3^ 4\ Heriot £5. Fine ^£18. [Endorsed in 
pencil] 8 Aug., 1788. 9 Aug 1821. 12 Feb. 1819. 

55, [Lease in Reversion, 4 July, 1 Geo III 1727]. Lady Anne Powlett 
of Englefield co. Berks, wid.j Hon. Anne Wright of E. wid. & Relict of 



238 The Society's MSS. 

Rev. Nathan Wright of E., clerke deC^ & also sole d. & h. of the Hon. 
Francis Lord Powlett of E. dec*. And Thos. Barber of B. co. Wilts, 
cler^. A Garden (enclosed out of the " French Grass Ground " bet. 
the Gardens of Thos. Bush & Jas Willett) now in poss. of s<^. T. B. 
Recites Indenture of Lease tripartite dat. 17 May 1722 (1) Ann Wright, 
(2) Ann Lady Powlett, (3) Jas. Willett. T. B. hold same on lease on 
deaths of John Bush (s. of Thos B.) & Jas. Willett (s. of above Jas. W.) 
Lease in Reversion to T. B. (on expiration of above Lease) for 99 years 
or life of Eliz'*' Blatchley dau. of John B. of Batheaston Co. Somerset, 
Tailor, rent p.a. 4^ T<^. (Sigs) & Armorial Seals (lozenges) An. Powlett, 
A. Wrighte. (Wits sigs)Randolph Webb, Saml Webb Junr. 

56. [Prebend Manor of B. 8 Mar 51 Geo. Ill 1811] Wm; Clavill Esq. 
Lord Farmer, Edw*^. Luxford, gent. SteW. (Sig). Surr. by Jo. Lea of 
Walcot CO. Somerset Esq. (a Oust. Tent.) " Rowass Close," a parcel 
under " Goldhill " nr. Andrew Blatchley's, & a " crooked parcel in South 
field" (in occ. of Mr Hoddinot) held by copy dat. 23 May 1768. 
Surr. of Reversion of same props, 4 Mar., 1811 by Jos. Emerson, of 
Lyme Co. Dorset Esq. & Susannah his wife late Susanna Lea spinster, 
dau. of above Jo. L. & a Cust. ten^- £190 paid by Jo. Newton to Jo. 
Physic, Luke Evill, & Jo. Hodge as Trustees for Jo. Lea, Grant of 
same props to John Newton of Limpley Stoke Co. Wilts Esq. for lives 
of Jo. Lea & Susannah Emerson, rent 3^ 6*^. Heriot 2gs. Fine P. 

[57.] [Manor of Holt, Bradford. 15 Oct. 2 Geo. IV. 1821. N.B.— This 
deed was retained by Mr. J. Moulton, the donor of this parcel of deeds, 
for a friend, and is not amongst the Society's deeds.] 

Ct. Bar. of Rev. Jo. Burton Watkin, elk, Lord of the Manor, before 
Rich"^. Welford, gent, Stew^ Surr. by Jo. Hunt Godwin of Holt, 
yeoman, (copyhold ten*^-) mess. etc. formerly in ten. of Eliz^h. Earle & 
now of Jo. Ayliffe as tent- to J. H. G., held by Copy dat. 6 May 1778. 
Regrant to J. H. G. (aged c 45 yrs) for his life & lives of his daus. 
Johanna (aged c 13 yrs.) & Elizabeth (aged c 11 yrs.) rent 21 4*^. Heriot 
l^ Fine £20. (Sig) Rich"^ Welford, Steward. 

58. [Prebend Manor of B. 27 Mar. 9 Geo. IV. 1828] Ct. Bar. of the Dean 
& Chapter of Bristol Lords of the same Manor before Geo. Rogers, 
gent., Steward. (Sig) Admission (in Reversion) of Thos. Hosier 
Saunders of 11 Esq. to tent in B. part of " Capons" now in his occ. 
for lives of Thos. Bush Saunders (aged c. 20 yrs) his son after the death 
etc of Francis \'erbury (aged c 27) & John William Yerbury (aged c 25 
years) who hold by copy dat 2 May 1811 rent 1^ Heriot Fine ^612. 

59. [Prebend Manor of B. 8 Jan. 1861] before Jos. Bessell, gent. Steward, 
Admision (as Ten*- in Reversion) of Thomas Bush Saunders of Lincolns 
Inn, Co. M'sex Esq. Administrator & heir at law of Thos. Hosier 
Saunders formerly of B. but late of Brompton Co. M'sex Esq dec^ of 
ten^- & garden in B. part of " Capons " formerly in occ. of T. H. S., but 
now of the Sisters of Mercy held by Copy dat 27 Mar 1828 [as above 
Jo. Wm. Yerbury "since Dec. 8."] (Sig). Josh Bissell, Stew^ [En- 
dorsed] "Admission in Reversion of T. B. S. Esqre to premises 
formerly part of Anthony Druce's Tenement." 



By the Rev, A. W. Stotc, F.S,G., Loud. 239 

60. [Deed of Enfranchisement of a Copyhold, dat. 2 Dec. 1861 Prebend 
Manor of B.] 

(1) The Dean & Chapter of Bristol Lords of the Preb. Manor of B. 
of the 1st part (2) Rt. Hon Henry Thos. Earl of Chichester k Wm 
Deeds Esq. MP Commissioners under Act. 14 & 15 Vict "To facilitate 
the management & improvement of I^^piscopal & Capitular Estates in 
England" of the 2nd part. & (3) Thos. Bush Saunders of Lincolns 
Inn CO. M'sex Esq of the 3rd part Recites 58 & 59 q.v. Conveyance 
of the property by the Church Estates Commissioners to T. B. S. the 
copyhold being enfranchised (£75). Recites that T. B. S. mar'i. his 
present wife since \ Jan. 1834 & property not to be subject " to the 
dower of any wife of him " (Sigs) Chichester, Wm Deeds, (Wit) Chas 
Joseph Ellis. Seal of the D & C of Bristol but sigs of 1st & 2d parties 
wanting. W. W. Webb 41 Broad St. Bristol wit. affixing of seal of 
D & C of Bristol. [Plan in margin of Deed.] 

61. Final award by the Commissioner concerning Public Roads over 
ikadford Manor, 1818 — 19. [Imperfect and undated, 2 large sheets of 
parchment.] 

Thos. Davis of Horningsham Co. Wilts, gent Commissioner under 
the Act for enclosing Lands in p. of B 58 Geo. III. (Atford [Atworth] 
Common, Bradford Leigh & Forwards Common)and other Acts (General 
Inclosure Act) Ref : Manor of B. of Chas. Herbert Earl Manvers. 
Manor of B. of Paul Methuen Esq. Prebend Manor of B. of the Dean 
& Chapter of Bristol. Rights of Common etc held by the Earl Manvers, 
Elizth. Hale, wid, Dan^ Clutterbuck Esq., & others. T. D. held meetings 
at the New Bear Inn (Benj. Mason) in 1818 — 19. appointed Dan' 
Clutterbuck Esq. Banker, & Jo. Bush of B. gent, clerk & heard claims 
of rights and received objections. 2 Feb. 1819 & 4 &5 May 1819 & 

10 Nov. 1819. 

Final Award concerning Carriage Roads & Highways: viz. Bath & 
Melksham R*^. over Atworth Common towards Melksham. Whitley 

R*^. over Purlpit Green towards Whitley. Bradford & Corsham R*^. 

from Bradford Town over Bradford Leigh Common. Frankley R"^. 

from Coulters Lane over Bradford Leigh Common, Blackacre R'' from 

Mary Finch's Farm over Bradford Leigh Common. Woolley & Staverton 

Vk^ over Forwards Common. Bradford & Melksham R*^ over Forwards 

Common. 

62. \8ee Horton Collection of Deeds.] Manor of Westwood. View of 
Frank (pledge) & ct. Bar held there 11 Apl. 5 Edw*^. Vl. 1551. License 
from John Plear, Tenant, to demise a meadow (51 ac) called "Plears 
Mede" to Margery Horton, widow for term of 21 yrs. M. H. p** 5'. & 
10^ entry & 2^ annually for fine. (Sig) John Poulet, Deputy Steward 
to the Erie of Wiltes 

63. [8 copies of Court Roll fastened together dat. 1756—1812] 

(1) Manor of Westwood, view of Frank Pledge & Manor Ct. held 
the 9 June 29 Geo. II. 1756 before Wm Pescod Esq^- Steward (Sig.) 
Admission (in Reversion) of Samuel Burgess (aged c 8 years) by warrant 



240 The Society s MSS, 

from the Dean & Chapter dat. 29 May, 1755 to Thomas Burges & 
assigned by him to Thos Blick & by him assigned to Mary w. of s* 
Thos. B. Mess & land in Common fieJds of Westwood. for his (S. B's) 
life after death etc of Thos. Burgess dec"^ & James Gibbs s. of Joseph 
Gibbs. S*^. Mary Burgess & Samuel her son p*^ fine ^615. 

(2) Ditto. 24 May 22 Geo III. 1782 before Dan^ Clutterbuck, 
gent, (Sig) Deputy of C. I Kerby Esq. (Stew'^. Sig) Sergt. at law. 
Recites above admissions (1756). Surr. by Sam^ Burgess by his attorney 
Thos. Carter of B. gent. 

(3) [Ditto. Same date as (2).] Grant in possession of same to James 
Burgess (aged c 32). & in reversion to Joseph Burgess his son (aged c 
1^ yrs.) & Samuel Burgess his bro. (aged c. 34 yrs) for their lives. 
Fine £1 00 (Sigs) Dan^ Clutterbuck Deputy Stew^ J. Burges (? Sturges) 
Beer. Matt. Woodford. Ex^ C. T. Kerby, Stew^. 

(4) Ditto. 4 June 25 Geo. III. 1785 before C. T. Kerby Esq. Sergt. 
at law Steward there (Sig). Grant in Reversion to Fanny Burges (aged 
c. 5 yrs.) by warrant from the Dean & Chapter dat. 3 June 1783 of same 
property after death etc. of Jas. Burges & Joseph his son. rent p.a. 8^ 
Fine f24. (Sig) N. Ogle D., Sam. Nott, Rec^-* C. T. Kerby, Stew"^. 

(5) Ditto. 30 May 35 Geo. III. 1795. Surr. by Jas. Burges as " Sole 
purchaser & proprietor " of his own life & lives of Jos his son & Fanny 
his dau. Grant of same in poss. to James B. & in reversion to Jas. B. 
& Fanny B. at the nomination of Thos. Stevens the elder Devisee in 
Trust named in last will of Jo. Stevens his late bro. for the lives of 
Jas. B., Jos. B., & F. B. Thos. S. p-^ fine 2^ 6^ & Jas B. Adm*^ ten*. 
(Sigs) Matt. Woodford Pro Dec, Edm^ Poulter R^-. C. T. Kerby Stew-^. 

(6) Ditto. 28 May 53 Geo. III. 1813 before Philip Williams Esq. 
Steward there (Sig.) Surr. by William Hay ward Stevens as sole 
purchaser & proprietor of the lives of Jas Burges, Jos. B., & Fanny B. 
Grant of same property to Benjamin Browne of Westwood, maltster for 
the said lives. 

(7) Ditto. 28 May 53 Geo. III. 1813. Admission of Jas. Burges in 
poss. (& Jos. B. & Fanny B. in reversion) at the nomination of Benjamin 
Browne & on the surr. of William Hay ward Stevens [in pencil in margin 
Jas. B. 63, Jos. B. 32, F. B. 33] B. B. p^. fine 2«. 6^. Jos. B. ad^. 
Ten*- in Trust for B. B. Surr. by B. B. afterwards. (Sigs) Phillip 
Williams, Steward. E. Poulter, Rec^« 

(8) Ditto. 12 June, 3 Geo IV. 1822. Grant in reversion to Wm Jas. 
Browne (aged c 6 years) at the nomination of Benjamin Browne his 
father since dec^ by warrant from the D & C dat. 31 May 1821 Of same 
property in trust under the will of B. B. after death etc of Joseph B., 
and Fanny B. Jo. Cottle & Emanuel Byfield Exors of Will of B. B., 
paid Fine £69, & Jos. Burgess adm*^ tent- in trust. (Sigs) Rob. Barnard 
pro Dec°, A. G. Legge, Receptor. F. Woodham, Dep^ Stew^. 

64. [3 copies of Court Roll fastened together.] Manor of Westwood. 1857. 

(1) View of Frank Pledge, Ct. Leet, & Ct. held there 4 June 20 Vict. 

1857 before Fred''. Bowker, gent. Dep Stew^ fSig) Surr. by Sarah 

Byfield sole acting Exex of will of Emanuel Byfield dec** (who was 



By the Rev. A. TV, Stote, FS.G., Loud. 241 

Surviving Exor of Benjamin Brown dec^.) as proprietor of life of Wm. 
Jas Brown by Stephen Brown Olift, gent, her attorney, of the same 
property as 63 {q.v.) in favour of Anna Maria Gadby Spinster. 

(2) Ditto. Same date. Grant in poss. to Wm. Jas Brown (aged c 42 
years) at the Nomination of Sarah Byfield (described as above) in trust 
for his life. S. B. p<^ fine 2^ 6'^. W. J. B. adm^. tent- in trust for S. B. 

(3) Ditto. Same date. Grant of same in poss. to s*^ Wm. Jas. 
Brown, and in reversion to Princess Louisa (aged c 9 yrs) & Prince 
Arthur (aged c 7 yrs) at the Nomination of Annie Maria Cadby Spinster 
in trust for A. M. C A.M.C. p* fine £188-3—1 W.J. B. adm^. 
tenMn trust for A.M. C. 

65. [Deed of Bargain & Sale Dated 22 May 12 Jas I. Pveference to the 
Manor of Bradford, with Feoffment of same, date wrapped up inside. 
Interesting signatures and seals.] Indenture dat. 22 May 12 Jas. I. [& 
endorsed,! Oct 12 Jas L, with Chancellors Sig., Henr. Hickman, Wilts, 
Lord Clanricard, & others.] 

1st Parties. Rich*^ Bourke, E of Clanricard, L*^ President of Con- 
naught & P.C. Lady Frances " his now wife " Countess of C. (sole dau 
& h. of Rt. Hon. Sir Francis Walsingham Kt. dec*^. late Principal Sec. 
to late Qu. Eliz) & Sometime wife of Sr. Phillip Sidney Kt. dec^. &l 
afterwards wife of Rob*^- E. of Essex dec'\ Thos. Howard, E. of Suffolk, 
L*^. Chamberlain of the Kings household, &l P.C. William, Lord 
Knollys, Comptroller of the King's Household & P.C. Sir Henry 
Yelverton of Grays Inn, M'sex, Kt. Solicitor General. Rich**. Hadzor 
& Walter Pye, of Middle Temple, Esq\ 

2d Party. William Milles of Holte, Co. Wilts, yeoman, who bought 
for £115 the N. part of a house etc in Holt, now in the ten. of Rich*^ 
Milles the elder, his father. Homecrofte, Stickinges (by the Brooke), 
longe acre, Mores, Forthaies, Man Meade, Pudnam, Shilfe acre, land 
nr. Wm. Hay wards in Holt, Rich*^ Chapman's, Tobias Love's, & the wid. 
Blanchard's, Woollies field upon Stonehill, Hossardes, the Down. 
Recites that there is a yearly payment to the King of £13 — 16 out of 
the Manor of Bradford, of wh. Wm. Milles is to pay 2^ p.a. (Sigs) 
Clanricard, Fra: Clanricard, Henry Yelverton, Walter Pye, (seals 
missing), T. Suffolke (armorial seal), W. Knollys (armorial seal), 
Rich^ Hadzor (seal with initials W. E.) (Sigs. of Witnesses) Edmund 
Whorwood, & Robt. Mostyn 

Feoffment dated 22 May 12 Jas 1. [wrapped up in the above deed]. Same 
parties & property. 

Attorneys to 1st parties, Walter Yerburie & John Taunton als 
Baylie. (Sigs) Clanricard (armorial seal coronet & arms) Fra Clan- 
ricarde (armorial seal coronet & arms) T. Suffolke, W. Knollys, Henr. 
Yelverton, Rich^^. Hadsor (seals missing) Wal. Pye (armorial seal) (Wits 
sigs) Edw'^ Whorwood & Robt Mostyn. Seisin given by (Sig) Walter 
Yerbury. (Wits sigs) C. Bushnell. Wm. Bysey & Wm. Hilpps. Marks 
of Rob^- Nutt, Henry Henwood, & Henry Maye. 



242 



THE SOCIETY'S MSS.,i ABSTEACTS OF 

HOETON DEEDS. 

By the Rev. A. W. Stote, F.S.G., Lond. 

1. Deed of Bargain Sf Sale dat. 8 Nov . 7 Hen. viii. (English, c. 14in. square 
sligh tly damaged by damp. ) Xwfor Pyarde of Trouhruge in the county e 
of Wylshyre, clothear & Thomas Horton^ of Ifforde in the seyde countye 
cloth ear (paid £40). In Trouhruge — mess etc called Burges : garden 
called Hellgarden : Pale Close : & land in Este Felde. In Stodeley— 
Gre veils Mede in South woode : Assheleys in Crooked Lane : close 
sometime Jamys Terumber's : Eyton's Mede : Blakys Close : close 

between Jamys Terumberes & Nicholas Whoraloke^ Before "Teste of 

the Purificacon of oure lady next comyng p me Xsolor pyard." Seal 
1 armorial or merchants' mark. 

2. Copy of Court Roll of the Prebendal Manor of Bradford, Wilts. Court 
of D. & C. of Oath Oh. of H. Trin. Bristol, held there 10 Sept 35 Hen viii. 
Grant in Reversion to Thomas Wryght & Margaret his wife by Wm. 
Snowe, Dean (Sig. & plain seal) of a tent, etc lately in tenure & occupation 
of Lady Mary Horton, widow, & after her decease to Thos. Horton, her 
kinsman, for life— for the lives of T. W. & M. W. Fine 100s. T. W. 
admitted tenant in reversion. [1 memb. about llin. X6in.] 

3. Lay Subsidy Roll, Wilts, dat. 24. Oct. L Ed. vi. 2""^ payment of Lay 
Subsidy of 37 Hen viii made byTho Horton, Collector 24 Oct 1 Ed vi. 
for the Hundred of VVanburgh,Rowborowe Reg ,Scotefeld,Kynwareston, 
with the Burg' of Bedwyn, Elstubbe, Everley, potterne, cannynges, 
Roborow Epi', Liberty of Rowde & Bromham with the Burg' of Devyses, 
Co. Wilts, (as contained in an indenture by John Erneley Esq.) [No 
names attached. 1 membrane 12in. X lOfin.] 

4. Copy of Licence granted at the Court Leet of the Manor of Westwood 
CO. Wilts held there 11 A pi. 5 Edw*^. vi to transfer a meadow of vi ac. 
called Plears Mede from John PI ear' tenant, to Margerie Horton, widow, 
for a term of 21 years. John Poulet "Deputie Stuard to the Erie of 
Wiltes." 

5. Deed dated 4 June 18 Eliz. Judgment enrolled in Ct. of Common 
Pleas at Westminster Easter 18 Eliz. Somerset. Henry Blanchard 
gent & Henry Long, gent, by Rich*^ Lee their attorney v. Edward 
Horton, gent concerning the Manor of Stony Lyttleton & messuages 

^ These deeds came into the Society's possession in the same way as the 
Bradford deeds. See note, p. 217. 

^ Note. Brass to Thos. H. in Bradford Church. He perhaps built the 
Church tower there. James Terumber was largely instrumental in building 
Trowbridge Church (St. James) in 1475. 



The Society's MSS. 243 

& lands in Stony Lyttleton & Wellowe. Recites judgments re tenants 
Hugh Hunt, Richard Seward, John Stocker, & John Howell. [Large 
seal, royal arms, broken.] 

6. Indenture dat. 13 Mar. 21 Eliz. (English) reciting terms of statute 
Merchant. Edward Horton of Westwood co. Wilts gent to Christofer 
Baylie of Henton in par. of Steeple Ashton co. Wilts. C. B. bound 
in £'600 before Chris. Weeks Maio"" of Cit. of Bristol, & Gyles Estcourt 
Esq. Gierke of the Statutes, concerning Gertain tenements mentioned 
in 2 indentures dated 24 Nov. last, by me x Ghristofer bay ley (seal 
missing). 

7. Foot of Fine dat. Easter 21 Eliz. Edward Horton, gent, demandant 
& Ghristofer Bayly of Henton, gent, & Walter Bayly his brother, de- 
forciants 2 mess. & 72 ac. of land in Steeple Ashton co. Wilts & 2 mess. 
3 mills & 28 ac. of land in Frome Sell wood co. Som'set. E. H. paid £160. 

S, Indenture dat 9 Apt. 35 Eliz. (English). Lease for 3 Lives. Edward 
Horton of Westwood co. Wilts gent to Thos. Winchcombe of Marle- 
broughe co. Wilts, Clothier, & Edward & John his sons, of mess, on 
S. side of Bigh St. Marlborough, now in ten. & oc. of T. W., between 
ten\ of Wm. Danyell Esq on E. & a ten' of the inheritance of E. H. on 
W., and extending from the shed on the N. to River Kennett on S- : 
also a stall or shamble of John Pearse, butcher, in High Street; and a 
close of " Twoo" ac. now in ten. of Anthony Diston in Kingsbury Ward 
in M., between a close of E. H's on the S. & one of the Mayor & Bur- 
gesses of M. on the N. Yearly rent 51s. 8c?. Sig. Thomas Winchcombe. 
Seal (damaged) a stag trippant. 

9. Indenture dat. 13 Apl 1594—36 Eliz. (English). Endorsed " John Webes 
counterpart of Trecherne'smyll." Lease for 21 years, Edward Hortoun 
of Westwoodde co. Wiltes gent to Thomas Webbe of Frome co. Som'set, 
fuller, of grist mill, fulling-mill, dwelling house etc & 10 ac. of land 
in the Tithing of Frome lately in ten. & occ. of Elizabeth Tretcherne 
deceased & now of said T. W. ^10 p. a. sig M. (?) (no name). Seal 
missing. "Witnesses sig. Tho. Hunte, George Whytewodde, William 
Sage. 

10. Counterpart of Lease for 3 Lives (English) dat, 20 Apl 36 Eliz. 
Edward Horton, of Westwood co. Wilts Esquire to Henry Love of 
Chickwell par. of Hemington co Som'set yeoman, & his sons William 
Love & John Love of Inglescombe co. Som'set yeomen of lands etc in 
Hassage in par of Wellow co. Som'set " which they had by demyse of 
Andrew Blackman & Elianor his wife." Surrender by the Loves & 
regrant for 3 lives Rent 20/, Heriot 20/. Jo Vigor & Jo. Longe 
attorneys for E. H. 3 marks (no names, & seals missing). (Endorsed 
— " Henry Love's counterpart of Chyckwell." 

11. Lndenture dated 18 Apl 38 Eliz. (English). Deed to the uses of a Fine 
between (1) Edward Horton of Westwood co. Wilts gent & Alyce his 
wyfe & (2) Thos. Chaffyn of Almesburye co. Wilts gent and William 
Yerbury of Trowbridge co. Wilts, clothier. Recites a Fine intended 



244 The Society s MSS. 

between T. C. & W.Y. p'tiffs and E. H. & A. H., and Henry Long " the 
Elder " of Waddon co. Wilts clothier & Mary his wife deforciants of 
f of Manor of Elston & | of 20 mess. & lands in Elston, Aurston 
als Orston George, Broughton Gyfford, Rowlston, Feedington, Marie- 
borough & Trowbridge ; | of i of Manor of Broughton Gifford & of 30 
mess, and lands etc in Broughton GifFord part of the inheritance of 
E. H. & A. H. in right of A. H. from her father Robert Maye of 
Broughton gent, deceased ; moiety of same to T. C. & W. Y for A. H. 
for her life k after her death toHenry Longe theYounger of Southwyke 
CO. Wilts gent (son of H. L. the elder), & Rebecca his wife & their 
heirs or his heirs ; the other moiety to Jeremy Horton of Broughton 
Gifford gent & Anne his wife & their heirs. Sigs. and seals cut away 
(? E. H. & W. Y.) Sig. of afs^ Alice. Sig. Thomas Chafin. Seals 
missing. Witnesses sigs. George (?) Smy, John Hall, John Bayly, 
Edward Smythe, & Willm. Lavington. 

12. Indenture dat. 29 Oct. 41 Eliz. (English) Marriage Jointure. Jeremy 
Horton of Broughton co Wilts gent, to Andrew Boreham of Wells co. 
Som'set gent k William Lavington of Cit. of Bristol gent. Recites 
marriage already had between J. H. & Elizabeth his wife late of Bath 
CO. Som'set wyddowe. The following Properties settled on J. H. for 
life then on E. H. for life, k after her death to heirs of J. H. Ludborn 
House in Lyghe, par, of Westbury, now in occ. of J. H. with lands 
etc, Ludborne Millnes (grist & fulling) in Lyghe in occ. of Thos. 
Raymond ; mess, etc k " Lighe Millne " in occ. of Jo. Aldam ; mess, etc 
all in Lighe k in occ. of Jo Carpenter, Andrew Baynton, John 
Whatley (" Rowles tenement"), Thomas Stevens k Margaret Hedges 
("Tomkins"), Margaret Hedges (" Hollibrooke "), John Fashion, 
Nicholas Fashion, Wm. Wyks, Nich. Vennell ; Rowswood in Westbury 
in occ. of J. H. ; 3/- rent of mess, k lands in Leighe in ten. of Lord 
Mountjoy ; rent, of lib of pepper of mess, in Leighe in ten. of " one 
Whytaker " ; part of Manor of Leighe occ. by Henry Hussey k Cicelye 
his wife, dau. of Robert Lyghe ; k their lands in Westbury, Warminster, 
Beckington, Trowbridge, Aishton, Brooke, k Corsley, cos. Wilts k 
Somerset. Attorneys— J. H's "ffryndes" Wm. Jones of Brooke co. 
Wilts gent, k Thos. Marford of Bath yeoman. One plain seal, but sig. 
missing. Sig. Will™ Lavington, with seal, a bird with wings outspread 
C? a swan " rising ") k standing upon a double X. No witnesses' names. 

13. I)eed of Bargain ^ Sale (English) Dat. 8 ("eaight") Feb 42 Eliz. 
ThomasFanshaweof London Esq. H.M. Remembrancer of Her highnes 
Exchequer to Edward Horton of Westwood co. Wilts Esq. Lands in 
Broughton Gifford co. Wilts. Recites Indent, of Bargain k Sale enrolled 
in Chancery 24 May 33 Eliz. by which Thos. Smith late of London Esq 
deceased sold Sir Rowlande Hayward Kt. Alderman of London, 
Thos. Owen, Sergeant at law, k said T. F. on special Trnst for Wm. 
Brouncker, then Esq & since Kt., the Manor of Broughton Gifford The 
death of Sir Wm Brouncker is recited, also transactions between his s. 
and h. Henry B. Esq., & John Smythe Esq., Exor of Thos. Smythe 
dec^ (Sir Rowland Haywarde having predeceased Sir] Wm.B.), also that 



By the Rev. A. W. Stole, F.S.G., Lond. 245 

since an indenture of 30 Aug 39 Eliz. was executed, by which Edward 
Horton bought from John Smythe lands in Broughton Gifford (viz. 
"New Leaze " in ten. of Johan May, widow) Hen. Brouncker & Thos. 
Owen deceased leaving Thos. Fanshawe sole Trustee. Jheremy Horton 
& Wm. Gore gents, act as attorneys for T. F. Sig. Thos: Fanshawe 
(Seal with arms of Fanshawe, two chev. erm. bet. 3 fleurs de lis ; and 
crest, a dragon's head erased charged with 2 chevrons). Witnesses 
sigs., John Lowe, Henry Longe, Edw: Greenhill. 

. Indenture dat. 10 Dec M Eliz. (English) Endorsed " Lyes counterparte 
of Tylssed " Edward Horton of Bath co. 8om'set gent to William Lye 
of Tylshead co. Wilts, Carpenter. Mess. etc. in T. late in occ of Julyan 
Knight widow. Lease for 3 lives, viz., W. L., Em Hurle, dau. of Good 
Hurle of Esterton co. Wilts widow, and Henry Lye bro. of W. L. 
Yearly rent 3/4. Mark of W. L. JSeal missing. Wits. sigs. John 
Sapfild, Walter Chapman. 

. Copy of Will {with Prohate) of Edward Horton of the City of Bath 
CO. Som'set Esq. dat. 29 Oct. 1 J as I. 1603 Proved (P. C. C.) at 
Croydon co. Surrey 12 Dec. 1603 by John Maye Esq of Charterhouse 
CO. Som'set k Henry Long, gent of Southwicke, Exors., John Horton 
s. of Jeremie Horton being then a minor. 

Bequests to, or mention made of the following — the Parish Church 
of Stalles in Bathe— re-edifying of the Abbey Church — repairing high- 
ways near Bath — Hospitals of St. Mary Magdalen & St. John in Bath 
— marriage portions for poore maidens — Corporation of Bath for loans 
to Bath clothiers for workpeople — my sister MawdeBush — Edward (my 
godson) & Isaack sons of my late brother Mr. William Horton — their 
sister Margerie Freeland— Marie Home sis. of " my brother " Henry 
Long of Whaddon — Henry, Walter, May & Thomas sons of Rebecca 
Long & Martha their sister all under 21 — Grace May of Seene Head — 
my cosin William Horton, late of Iforde — Lea Simons — Simon Noble 
Elizabeth Beache — my servants Thos. Arnold & John Long — William 
Pitthouse of (?) Iford— Thos. Tibbett & Geo. Compton of Westwood— 
my cosin Richard Mayo late of Bristol! — my mistress Jone Starkey of 
London widow — Robt. Mayo s. of John Mayo of Charterhouse upon 
Mendipp Esq. — my mother in law Jone Mayo — Wm. Shereston of Bathe 
— John Suchfeild of Bathe & Margaret his wife — John Hippesley of 
Stone Ashton gent. — my cosin Walter Chapman — my godsons Edward 
Carburie s. of Wm. Carburie, & Edward Apprice — Thos. Horton s, of 
John Horton late of Calne dec*^. — my cosin Henry Long of Southwick 
h Rebecca his wife — my cosin Jeremy Horton & his wife & their sons 
William & Robert (both under 21) & daus. Alice & Elizabeth (both 
under 18)— Raphe Allen k Alice his wife & their son Raphe, and 
Wm. Allen bro. of Raphe Allen the father — Thos. Lithybone & his son 
Edward (my godson)— my' cosin Thos ChafSn & Margaret his wife- 
Toby Horton (my godson) & Roger sons of William Horton late of 
Iforde — Mr. Bichard Meredith, Preacher of God's W^ord — Mr. Robert 
Faddon— Robert, Thos, k Wm. Long sons of "my brother" Henry 



246 The Society s MSS, 

Long of Whaddon— Walter Bush son of Pawle Bush deC^. — Matthew 
Rendell of Bath & his wife— Susan Winscombe &, her s. John Winscombe. 

All his lands etc to Edward Horton s. of the said Jeremy Horton, to 
himself & heirs, or failing this to his brother John Horton ; then to 
William ; then to Robert other sons of Jeremy Horton. Exors : — my 
kinsmen Henry Long of Southwick & John Mayo of Charterhouse, 
unless at my death John Horton s. of Jeremy Horton is of age. If 
they predecease, then Jeremy Horton Sole Executor. Overseers : — my 
brother in law Henry Long of Whaddon, William Carburie of Trow- 
bridge & John Sachfeild of Bath. 

Witnesses — Matthew Eendell, writer,John Sachfeild. (Sig.) Edward 
Horton. Endorsed "Mr. Edward Horton's Will." 

16. License of Alienation dat at Westminster 12 Feb 3 Jas I,from William 
Horton Esq, Toby Horton gent, his s. & h. apparent & Boger Horton, 
his second son to John Horton Esq of \ part of Manor of Ginge, lands 
etc in Ginge Hardington & East Henred co Berks late Thomas Winch- 
combe Esq ; \ part of a messuage lands etc in Ditridge & Box co. Wilts 
late George Lord Audeley & James Marvin Kt. ; -| part of messuages, 
cottages, lands etc. in Broughton Gifford & Melkesham co. Wilts late 
John Talbott Esq. ; \ part of 2 tenements & a mill in par. of Frome 
Sellwood co.Som'set calledStockstones aliasTreherne's mill& Whitemyll; 
and I part of other lands etc in Frome Sellwood late Christofer Bayly. 
rragment_of large seal (damaged). Endorsed " A License of Alienacon 
from Willm Horton esq to John Horton Esq. Bacon." Endorsed — 
Hil. 4 Jas. I. 

17. Indenture (English) dat. 18 Feb 3 Jas I. Deed of Bargain & Sale. 
William Horton of Woolverton co Som'set Esq, Tobias Horton s. & h., 
& Roger Horton, second s. of Wm. H. to John Horton Esq' one of the 
sons of Jeremie Horton of Bath co. Som'set Esq. (who paid £1053) of 
\ part of Manors of Gynge co Berks, Broughton Gifford co. Wilts k 
Eggforde co Som'set ; \ part of messuages lands etc in Ditchrudge alias 
Ditrigge, Broughton Gifford, Melksham, Marleborough, Stepleashton, 
Troobridge, & Seene alias Seemle, co. Wilts "which were Edward 
Horton's, and which were inherited by Wm. Horton after the death of 
Edward Horton deC^." ; i part of messuages, mills, lands etc in Frome 
Sellwoode, Hassage & Phillipps Norton co Som'set which William H. 
inherited after the death of Edward H. ; & also all manors, messuages, 
mills, lands etc. in Co^ Som'set, Wilts & Berks which was Edward 
Horton's & did descend to W. H. after death of E. H. Except so much 
of the Manor of Lyttleton, co Som'set, and so much of the 
moiety of lands etc in Tyllsed co. Wilts which did descend to 
William Horton. Sigs. Willm Horton (seal missing), Tobias Horton 
(fragment of seal), Rog: Horton (seal fleur de lis). _Witnesses sigs. 
Edward Mathew,iRob: Chambers, John Sachfild, Nichus Tippett, Roger 
Pemberton. Enrolment endorsed Easter 4 Jas I.— roll xxiii. 

18. Indenture {English, damaged) dat. 18 Feb. 3 Jas I. Counterpart of 
Indenture No. 17 but with the additional proviso to reserve certain 



\\ 



Bij the Rev. A. W. Stote, F.S.G., Lond. 247 

leeseholds viz. Rents of Copyholds & Leases for 21 years of Phillipp 
Shepparde, Wm. Gibbes, John Powell, John Pytman, and [blank] 
Surrage widdowe. Samesigs. of parties & witnesses. Seal of Tobias 
Horton (?) a sprig of leaves. 

19 & 20. Dvplicate Indentures dat 19 Feh 3 Jas I. Feoffment of same 
properties as in No. 17 with warranty Sigs. & seals of same parties (good 
condition) Seal of William Horton, a bird (?) raven) Witnesses names 
in endorsements are Jeremie Horton gent, Wm Gibbs, John Hewes, 
Wm Robins, Rich. Attheyes, Geo. Edgell, John Powell, Rich. Itterley, 
Thos Spinke (at Egford), Jeremie Horton gent. Rich. Franklyn, Mich. 
Coles, John Burgis, Thos. Spinke (at Marlborough), and Jeremie Hor- 
ton gent, Geo. Coxedd, Wm Castell, Ric. Hobbes, John Castell, &; 
Thos Spinke (at Gyuge.). 

21. Deed Foil dat Westminster 2 July 4 Jas I. A Pardon of alienation 
upon the will of Edward Horton Esq. deceased. (Latin & English). 
Relates to mess. & lands in Ditridge & Box co Wilts (Lord Awdley & 
Sir Jas Marvyn) & in Broughton Gifford & Melksham co Wilts (Jo. 
Talbott Esq) ; Tenements & mills in Frome Sellwood co Som'set (Chris 
Bayley), in the Manor of Gynge ; & Mess. & lands in Gynge Ardington 
&L Esthenred co. Berks (Thos Winchcombe Esq). Recites terms of 
of Will of Edward Horton Esq dec*^ as it affected the sons of Jeremy 
Horton viz Edward, John, William, & Robert Horton and their heirs 
male. Seal missing. Enrolled Trin. 4 Jas I. 

22 & 23. Duplicate Fines dat. Mich. 4 Jas I. One marked "Eggford " 
the other Broughton. John Horton Esq. quer. William Horton Esq, 
Margaret his wife k Toby & Roger Horton gents deforc. concerning | 
Manor of Eggford & lands etc in Eggford, Frome Sellwood & Hassage 
CO. Som'set ; l^ Manor of Broughton Gifford & lands etc in Broughton 
Gifford, Melkesham, Dickridge alias Ditehridge, Box, Troobridge, 
Bradley, Scene & Maryborough & the advowson of Ditehridge co. 
Wilts; and \ Manor of Ginge & lands etc in Ginge, Lockinge, & 
Farneborough co Berks ; for X'320. 

24. Indenture Tripartite dat. 20 May 6 Jas I {English) Endorsed John 
Hippisley Esq and Willm. Hippisley gent.", " Wm. Horton's Settle- 
ment of Man' of Wolu'ton als Wolfington " Between (1) William 
Horton of Wolverton co. Som'set Esq (2) Thos. Horner of Clofordco. 
Som'set Esq. & Jas. Bisse of Batcombe co. Som'set Esq. & (3) John 
Hippisley of Stoneaston co. Som'set Esq. & Wm. Hippisley of the same 
gent. Settlement of the Mansion House of Wolverton alias Wolfing- 
ton & the Manor of Wolverton & lands etc. in Som'set & Wilts on John 
Horton, 3'^ son of the said Wm. Horton, & heirs male, with entail to 
Robert, Roger & Tobyas Horton, other sons of John Horton. & their 
heirs male, failing which to the heirs of John Horton. Plain seal (no 
sig.) The mark of Wm Hippisley (seal missing) Witnesses sigs. 
Thomas Horner, Robert Bagnall, wryter, Richard Wilkins, and Chri. 
Gribbell. 



248 The Society s MSS. 

25. Deed Poll dat at Bristol 9 Mar. 7 Jas J, 1609. Bond of Record 
William Horton of Wolverton co. Som'set Esq &, John Horton of the 
same gent, bind themselves in -£1600 by statute merchant to John 
Horton of the City of Bath co Som'set Kt. at Acton Burnell & West- 
minster before Bobert Aldworthe mayor of Bristol & Jerome (" Hier- 
omme ") Ham, gent. Sigs. Willm Horton, John Horton, Robert 
Aldworth, Mayor, Hier™ Ham. Seal missing. 

26. Indenture ddt 28 Apl 7 Jas I (English). Easter Term 7 Jas I. De- 
mise & grant from the Court of Wards & Liveries to Jeromye Horton 
of Bath Esq. of lands etc in co. Wilts late in the tenure of Henry Maye 
gent, (who died 4 Dec 4 Jas I) and possessions of John Horton " His 
Highness ward," brother & next heir of Edward " Horton dec^" viz i 
of ^ of Manor of Broughton Gifford & lands & mill there ; ^ of Manor 
of Ellston & lands there ; ^ of lands etc in Marleborough ; i of 
messuages in Trowbridge & Devizes ; & ^ of lands in Fiddington, 
Potterne, & Estlavington. Sig. R. Salisbury. Seal missing, [part 
of membrane cut away]. 

27. Fine dat Trin. 8 Jas I. James Bisse Esq & James Oi^enge Esq. quer. 
William Horton Esq deforc. Manor of Rode, 60 mess. & lands etc in 
Rode, Tellesford, Hungerford Farley ghe, Lullington, Charterhowse 
Henton, Freshford & Witcombe, co. Som'set, and Manor of Iford, 80 
mess, lands etc in Iford, Westwood, Hungerford Farleigh, Bradford, 
Trowbridge, Cricklade alias Crickeslade, Chillworth, Tilleshed, East 
Lavington, Styple Ashton & Rode co. Wilts. £900. 

28. Indenture dat 14 May 8 Jas I (English). Conveyance to Simon 
Leach of Cheriton Fitzpaine co Devon gent by Sir John Horton of 
Elston CO. Wilts kt & Jeremy Horton of the City of Bath co Som'set 
Esq of the Manor of Cadley als Cadleigh & lands etc & the Patronage 
of the Parish Churcja of Cadley co Devon (conveyed by Sir Wm. 
Courtney of Powderham co Devon Kt. & Sir John Dowdale Kt to Sir 
Jo. Horton & others) except copyholds of Humphry Holmeade for his 
life, Peter Squier for his life & leases to Rich^ Squire for 99 years or 3 
lives & Ebbott Whitrowe widow for 99 years or 3 lives. Recites terms 
of a Statute Staple bond in £1000. Sir John Horton & Jeremy H. to 
Simon Leach dat 14 May 1610 before Sir Thos. Fleminge Kt Lord Chief 
Justice of the King' Bench. Sig. Symon Leach. Seal missing. Wit- 
nisses sigs. Henry Crosse, Willm. Woode, George Turbervile & John 
Belsher. 

29. Indenture dat 20 May 8 Jas J (English). Articles of Covenant to 
secure £4450 to Sir John Horton of Elston co. Wilts Kt. from Symon 
Leache of Cheryton Fitzpayne co. Devon gent for the Manor of Cadley 
als Cadleigh co Devon & lands etc in Cadley, als Cadleigh, Cadbury & , 
Cadbury Rudge & Elsewhere in co Devon. Recites terms of Bond of j 
Statute Staple between Sir John Horfon and " his father " Jeremy } 
Horton to Simon Leach & oonveyance from Sir John Horton & Edward j 
Rogers of Cannington co. Som'set Esq & a lease assigned by Sir Jo. 






By the Rev, A. W. Stole, F.S,G., Lond. 249 

Dowdale Kt. to Sir John Hannam & others. Sig. Symon Leache. 
Seal (armorial) a lion rampant impaling a chevron with a label of 3 
points in chief. Witnesses sigs. Charles Cratford, Willm Woode 
Tho: Vilvayne, & John Belsher. 

30. Deed Poll dat 1 June 8 Jas I (English) Release of Dower by Anne 
Horton widow late wife of Edward Horton gent. dec"^. to Sir John 
Horton of Elson co. Wilts Kt. bro. & heir of the said Edward Horton 
" J3ower or thirds" of lands etc of Sir John Horton late Edward Horton's. 
Sig. Anne Horton. Fragment only of seal. Witnesses sigs. Thomas 
Horton, WilJm Jones, Jeremy Horton, Willm Rediche, & Hugh Erie. 

31. Indenture tripartite dat. 6 June 8 Jas I (English). (I) William 
Horton of Woolverton co. Som'set Esq. (2) Jas. Bysse of Batcombe 
CO, Som'set Esq. Jas. Ovenge of Foscot co. Som'set Esq. & Tobias 
Horton Gent. s. & h. of W. H. (3) Jas. Farwell of Holbrooke co 
Som'set gent. & Jo. Champnies the younger of Orchardlie co. Som'set 
gent. Conveyance by W. H. to Tobias Horton & Barbara his now wife 
and their heirs male with entail to Roger, John, & Robert Horton 
other sons of W. H. of the Manor of Iford, mansion house, lands 
fulling mills, etc. in Iford, in pars, of Westwood, Charterhouse Henton, 
Freshford, & Farleigh Hungerford cos. Wilts & Som'set ; manor of 
Rode cos. Som'set & Wilts ; other mess. & lands in Bradford, Trow- 
bridge, Cricklade alias Crickeslade, Chillworth, Tilshed, Est. Lavington 
& Stepleashton co. Wilts, and Tenements in Witcombe, Lullington, 
Telsford, Charterhouse Henton, Freshford, Rode, & Farleigh Hunger- 
ford cos, Som'set & Wilts, except Manor of Hord (retained by W. H. 
for his life) Sig. Willm Horton. Seal missing. Witnesses sigs. F. 
Manners, Tho: (?) Bes, Willm Awbrey & Alexander Farewell, 

32. Indenture dat. 1 July 8 Jas I 1610 (English) Articles of Agreement 
concerning the jointure of Dame Jane wife of Sir John Horton & 
daughter of Penelope Hannam widow of Thomas Hannam Sergeant 
at law deceased, between (1) Sir John Horton of Ealston co Wilts Kt, 
and (2) Sir Francis Poppham of Wellington co Som'set Kt. Penellope 
Hannam late wife of Thomas Hannam Sergyant at lawe deceased, 
Sir John Mallett of Enmore co Som'set Kt. & Sir John Hannam of 
Wilksworthe co. Dorset Kt. Recites a Bond in -£8000 of Simon Leach 
with Thos. Rowe, Jo. Viguers & Geo. Turbervile cits. & merchant 
Taylors of London & Gylbarte Keate cit. & grocer of London to the 
above 2nd parties, £4000 due to Sir J Horton X June 1612 for a jointure 
of i£300 p.a. for his wife "if Lady Jane shall so long live." Sigs. (seals 
missing) of Francis Popham, Jo Malet & John Hanham Wits. sigs. 
Thomas South, Roger Horton, John Clark, & John Horton. [The 
above deed is in the possession of the present Sir John Hanham of 

' Dean's Court, Wimborne, Dorset, Bart. The Sir John Hanham of the 
deed was eldest s. of Thos. Hanham sergeant at law & was knighted 
1604. He was great-uncle of the 1st Bart., Sir Wm, Hanham, created 
Bart. 1667.] 

VOL. XLI, — NO. CXXXIV. S 



250 The Society's MSS. 

[•33. Indenture dat. I July 8 Jas I (English) Articles of Agreement 
between (1) Sir John Horton of Ealston co. Wiltes Kt. and (2) Sir 
Francis Poppham of Wellington co. Som'set Kt., Penellope Hannam 
late wife of Thomas Hannam Sergyant at lawe deceased, Sir John 
Mallett of Enmore co Som'set Kt, and Sir John Hannam of Wilkes- 
worthe co Dorset Kt., to settle the marriage jointure of Dame Jeane 
wife of Sir John Horton. Kecites a bond in i?8000 by which Simon 
Leach with Thos. Rowe, Jo. Viguers, Geo. Turbervile, cits. & Merchante 
Taylors of London & Gylbarte Keate, cit. & groser of London are bound 
to the above Trustees for the security of ^4000 to buy an estate to 
produce an income of ^300 p.a. for Lady Jane Horton. Sigs. (seals 
missing) Frances Popham, Jo: Malet, John Hanham. Wits. Sigs. 
South, Roger Horton, John Clark, John Horton.] 

[2 33a. Indenture dat. 3 July 8 Jas. L (English) [Endorsed] "Sir John 
Horton's Settlement of £500 on Lady Jane his wife." Between Sir 
John Hanham of Wilkesworth co Dorset Kt., and Sir John Horton of 
Ealson co Wiltes Kt. Recites Bond of Statute Staple by which Sir 
John Horton is bound in ^£1000 to secure ^500 to Lady Jane. Sig. 
(seal missing) John Horton. Wits. sigs. Thomas South, Louys 
Mibourg, John Clarke.] 

34. Indenture dat. 19 Nov. 8 Jas. I. (English) Between Benedict Wynch- 
combe of Noke co Oxon Esq., & Sir John Horton of Elston co. Wilts 
Kt. Conveyance of the Manor of Gynge als West Gynge co. Berks. 
Recites Bond of Statute Staple dat. 16j^ov. last. Sig. (seal missing) 
Benedict Winchcombe. Wits. sigs. Willm Bruen, Charles Cratford 
Willm. Hele, Frauncis Ereton. 

35. Copy of Judgment enrolled in King's Bench at Westminster dat. 
28 Nov. 8 Jas. L Jeremy Horton Esq. v. John Horton gent, concerning 
the Manor of Wolverton als Wolfrington, 26 messuages <fe lands in 
Wolverton & Rode, Mentions as tenants Hugh Hunt & Edward Howse. 

36. Indenture dat. 5 June.^ 10 Jas. I. (English) Defeasance — Sir John 
Horton of Elson co. Wilts Kt and John Maye of Charterhowse co 
Som'set Esq. (who is described in the deed as one of the co-exors with 
Henry Longe Esq of Edward Horton, deceased) Recites Bond of 
Statute Staple dat 9 Dec 3 Jas I. by which John Maye was bound to 
Sir John Popham Kt., deceased & Sir Francis Popham Kt., in £3000 
& Sir John Horton took this bond on trust for his benefit, he being 
then " of young & tender years." John Maye agrees to make payments 
"in the Tolsey of Bristoll." Sig. John May. Seal (crest) (?) dragon/s 
head, rising from a coronet. P (or B). Wits. sigs. W™ Alton, Willm 
Porter, Alby Muston, Jeremy Horton. (Endorsed) " This writing was 
shewed unto Jeremy Horton Esq. and Willm Porter gent at the tyme 

^ This deed is in possession of Sir John Hanham, Bart., of Dean's Court, 
Wimborne. 

2 This deed is in possession of Sir John Hanham, Bart., of Dean's Court 
Wimborne. 






Bij the Rev, A. W. Stole, F.S.G., Lond. 251 

of their examinacons ta^en in Chauncerie Ex parte Johis Maye quer. 
versus Johem Horton mil. def. xxviij Nov. 1613. Ni: Roberts." 

37, Inde^iture dat. 20 June 10 Jas. I. 1912 (Englisli) between Jeremy 
Horton of the Cittie of Bath co. Som'set Esq. & Sir John Horton of 
Elston CO. Wilts Kt. s. & heir apparent of the said Jeremy. J of ;^ of 
manors of Broughton Giflford & Elston co. Wilts and \ of mess*. & 
lands in Elston, Orston George, Broughton Gifford, Marleborowe & 
Trowbridge co. Wilts in tenure of Henry May, John May, Jo. Hardinge, 
John Anste, Jo. Curteis, Jo. Redman, Geo. Maggott, Jo. Gay, Jo. Bull, 
Nich. Baylie, Thos. Gaye, Robt Bruncker, Robt Alderwicke, Jo. 
Twyford, Christofer Crowch, Nich. Ward, Nich. Monday, Henry Cole, 
Nich. Edwards, Thos. Bayse, & Rich*^. Hurst k " all his other lands etc " 
in Elston & Broughton Gifford. Sig. Jeremy Horton. Seal, a rebus 
(a tun surmounted by a figure 4, the letters F JoR between). Wits, 
sigs. Thomas South, Charles Cratford, Anthony Hidden, Robt. Lewen, 
Wm. Porter. 

['38. Indenture dat 20 June 10 Jas. I 1612 (English) [Post-nuptial 
Settlement'] between (I) Jeremy Horton of the Cittie of Bath co. 
Som'set Esq & Sir John Horton of Elston co Wilts Kt. (2) Sir Eras. 
Popham of Jitlecott co Wilts Kt., Sir Jo. Malett of Enmore co. Som'set 
Kt. Penelope Hanham widdow late wife of Thomas Hanham Serieant 
at the law deceased & Sir John Hanham of Wilkesworth co Dorsett Kt 
settling the marriage portion of Dame Jane wife of Sir Jo. Horton, the 
moiety or halfendale of two mansion houses, demesnes & lands of the 
Manors of Broughton Gifford & Elston co. Wilts of the yearly value 
of ^£200. Sigs. Jeremy Horton [seal as in 37.] John Horton [seal, a 
(?) raven] Wits. sigs. Anthony Hidden, Thomas South, Charles 
Cratford, Wm. Porter, Robt. Lewen. [indorsed] "For my Ladie 
Horton's ioincture."] 

[139. Indenture dat. 20 June 10 Jas. 1. 1612 (English) Counterpart of 
the above Jointure Deed No. 38. Concerning the " marriage heretofore 
hadd and solempnized between the said Sr. John Horton &l Dame Jane 
his wife, being the daughter of the said Penelope Hanham." ^ Sigs. 
Frances Popham, Jo Malet, & Hanham. Seals missing. Sigs. of wits, 
as in No. 38.] 

40. Indenture dat. 4 July^ 10 Jas^\. 1612 (English) between (1) John & 
Henry Huntley of Elkiston als Elston co. Glos. gents, sons of James 
Huntley late of Elston Esq. deceased, & (2) Sir John Horton of Elson 
CO. Wilts Kt. & Jeremy Horton of Bathe co. Som'set Esq. Recites 
Bond of Statute Staple in ^4000 of same date to ensure payment of 
£2000 at Midsomer Day 161 4 in the Dyning Hall of the Middle Temple, 

1 These deeds are in the possession of Sir John Hannam, Bart., of Dean's 
Court, Wimborne. 

3 Penelope Hanham & her husband were the great grandparent? Si^* 
William Hannam, the first Bart. 

s 2 



252 . The Society s MSS, 

London. Sigs. John Huntley, Henry Huntley (seals missing). Wits. 
Sigs. Charles Cratford, Wm. Porter, Wm. Neal. 

41. Indenture dat. 14 Oct. 12 Jas. I. (English) between Jeromy Horton of 
the Citty of Bathe co Som'set Esq. & Sir John Horton of Elston co. 
Glos. Kt. s. & h. apparent of the sayd Jeromy. Recites an award made 
22nd June 1614, by Sir Geo. Ivy, Kt., James Orenge, and Edward 
Bisse Esq'. Gyles Digges & Edward Bower gents, Arbitrators. Refers 
to "said Jeromy & Elizabeth his now wife" and Wm. Hodnett, their 
attorney. 

Conveyance of a mess, in St. John's Parish in "the Devises" co. 
Wilts. Sig. Jeremy Horton (seal missing). Wits. sigs. Wm. Hodnett, 
Robt. Horton, Ber: Atkins. 

42. Sheriffs Roll, Somerset dat. xv. Jas. I. (Membrane about 13in. X 
8|in.) Edward Horton of Weston co. Wilts Clothier (later gent). 

43. Brief of Execution dat. 26 Feb. 16 Jas. I. 7'rm. Term. Order in 
Chancery Payne v. Maye. Nicholas Payne, Quer & John Maye Esq 
def. Recites Chancery Bill Mich. Term 1612. Nich. Payne of City of 
Bristoll CO. Som'set gent complaynant v. Jo Maye Esq. deft. That 
N.P. owed Edward Horton of Bath co Som^et Esq. ^1000. That E. H. 
made J. M. & Henry Long Esq, co-exors. of his will and that they 
proved the will. That then Henry Long died leaving J. M. sole exor. 
Answer by the deft. (J. M.) states the sum delivered up to Sir John 
Horton. Recites Order by the Court li June last. Fragment of 
Great Seal (royal arms complete). 

44. Indenture dat. 31 Mar 16 Jas. I. (English) between (1) Tobyas Horton 
of Iford CO. Wilts, Esq., and Anthony Longe of city of Newe Sarum 
CO. Wilts, gent, and (2) Sir John Horton of Broughton Gififord co. 
Wilts Kt. mess. & land called Hicks in Great Cheverell co. Wilts late 
in ten. of Wm. Bartley : messuages & land etc. in Trowbridge co. Wilts 
late in ten. of Edward Yerbury gent. Roger Horton gent, bro of Tobias 
Horton, Edith Adams widow (3 shambles), Wm. Wallys gent (Hole 
Orchard), Hugh Cheves, Thos. Arnolde, Elizabeth Ashman, & Henrye 
Ashman ; 2 closes in Studley in par. of Trowbridge late in ten. of 
Richard florlock; mess & land in Corsley co. Wilts late in ten. of Jo. 
Carpenter % of tenements in Tylleshedd & N. Bradley late in ten. of 
Thos. Arnolde,— Knyghte, widow, & Jo. Horton. gent. & other lands etc 
of Tobias Horton in Great Cheverell, Trowbridge, Studley, Corsley, 
Tylleshedd & N. Bradley. Barbara, wife of Tobias Horton is mentioned, 
as also his attorneys Robt. Longe gent & Jo Barrett. Sig. Tobias 
Horton. Armorial Seal, stag's head cabossed. Wits. sigs. Jo: 
Farewell, John Horton, Alexander Farewell, Ni: Streete. Schedule 
attached of certain estates excepted in the above Indenture, viz. certain 
Trowbridge leases of P]dward Yerbury gent. Roger Horton gent, copy- 
holds of Thos. Adams, Wm. Wallys Esq., Hugh Cheves, Thos. Arnolde, 
Eliz*"* & Henry Ashman, & Richard Horlock ; Jo Carpenter's Corsley 
copyhold; lease of lands etc. in Tyleshedd "and elsewhere" of Jo. 
Horton gent ; & Wm. Bartley's copyhold in Create Cheverell. At the 



By the Bev. A. W. Stote, F.S.G., Bond. 253 

end is a note of a lease for 99 years dat 17 Mar 1610, William Horton 
to John Horton of mess'. & lands in Tilshed, Eastlavington, {Steeple 
Ashton tfe North Bradley at the yearly rent of xiis. 

45. Deed-poll dat 2 June 20 Jas. I. (English) apparently unexecuted. 
Conveyance to Sir John Horton by Sir John Dauntseye & Sir Nich. 
HalsweJl Kts. by request of William Brouneker Esq. (by virtue of a 
demise made by Henry Erounker Esq. dec*^. his father, and Sir William 
Brouncker Kt. dec^. his grandfather) of leaseholds in Broughton Gifford 
in tenure of Henry Edmonds formerly part of estate of Sir William 
Eyre Kt. ; also rents etc. in Broughton Gifford sold to Sir John Horton 
by Wm. Brouncker by deed indented 15 May last. 

46. Deed Poll dat 4 Oct. 2 Chas I. 1626. (Endorsed) " Sr John Horton" s 
Mothers Release of Dowers " Elizabeth Horton widdowe late wief of 
Jeremy Horton Esqre. deceased " quitclaims to S'. John Horton, Kt. 
s. & h. of said Jeremy her jointure in the Manor of Broughton GiJBTord 
& Elston CO. Wilts & in any other lands etc. in B. G., Elston, Ludborne, 
Leigh, Dilton, Westbury, Marleborough & Trobridge co. Wilts. Sig. 
Elyzabeth Horton (seal missing). Wits sigs. Ro: Chivers, Rob: Horton, 
Willm. Horton, Ri: Wakeman. 

47. Deed Poll (c. 13in. X 7jin. partly in English) dat. at Sarum 22 July 
1628. Title-deed of Sir JohnHortoiibS seats inBroughton Gifford Church. 
Marmaduke Lynne (?) LL.D. Vicar-General of John [Davenant] Lord 
Bishop of Sarum. Sig. of Tho: Sadler, Registrar. Recites " that he 
the said S' John Horton Knight being seized of a moietie of the Mannor 
of Broughton Guilford . . . besides other seates in the pish Church 
of Broughton Guififord in the South He . . . the three foremost 
seates built and standing on the right hand goeing up into the said He 
and looking toward the Chauncell, and one the left hand therof two 
seates before wch two seates is the seat of Edward Long Esquire 
betweene whose seat & his the said S^ John Hortons said two seates 
was a little void place (where a servaunt of him the said S"" John, and of 
those whose estate he hath in the moitie of the Mannor and landes 
aforesaid usually stood in wch void place and in pte of the roome of 
the uppermost of his the said S' John Horton's said two seates one 
Henrie Harding of the parish aforesaid removing the said two seates 
somewhat lower hath of late wthout his the said S"" John Horton's 
consent or any allowance or confirmacon obteined from us the 
Ordinarie of the place built and erected a newe seate. Wch new seate 
the said Henrie Harding being cited to appeare before us to ans were 
Articles concerning that matter to be obiected against him at the said 
S'. John Horton's promocon is contented he the said S'. John Horton 
shall have and enioye paying to him the saidHenrie Harding thechardges 
wch he hath beene at in building the same wch he the said S'. John 
hath vndertaken to doe, and therefore humbly prayeth thatjwe would 
be pleased to ratifie the premisses by our decree and Confirmacon That 
soe he and is {sic) may quietlie vse possesse and enioye togeither wth 
his said other five seates in the said South He, as they now there stand, 



254 The Society's MSS. 

this new Seate soe as aforesaid erected by the said Henry Harding. 
Unde nos," etc etc [Seal missing.] 

48. Indenture dat. 20 Oct 5 Chas. I (English) between (1) Sir John Horton 
of Elston CO Glos. Kt., Thomas Hannam of Wimbourne Minster co 
Dorset Esq., Gifford Longe of Roudashton co. Wilts, Esq., Christopher 
Horton of Catton co Darby Esq. and John Pyne of Littlecott co. Wilts 
gent And (2) William Digges of Marlborough co. Wilts gent., and Jo. 
Hughes of Bromham co. Wilts gent. Conveyance of messuages lands 
etc late in tenure of Wm. Malyn,Edward Gynes, gent, Jo. Winchcombe, 
Jo. Mahewe & IVIary his wife, Edw^ Furnell, Thos. Burges, Chris. 
Finsthwaite k the said Wm Digges & all other their lands etc in the 
town or burrough of Marlborough except the following copyholds of 
tenements etc in Marborough (i) dat. 4 Dec. 38 Eliz. Edward Horton 
then of Westwood co. Wilts gent for the 3 lives of John Burgis the 
elder & his sons Thos. & John (ii) dat. 11 June 15 Jas. I. Sir Jo. Horton 
for the 2 lives of Jo. Winchcombe & Mary his wife (iii) dat 1 Apl 10 
Jas. I. Sir John Horton for the 3 lives of Edw*^ Furnell & his sons 
John & George & (iv) dat. 24 June 17 Jas I. Sir John Horton for the 
3 lives of Margaret Davys and Wm. Malyn &l Frances his wife. Sig. 
Willi: Digges (seal missing) Wits. sigs. Rob. Horton, (?) Edwine Hewes, 
Christopher Finsthwait, Thomas Barton. 

49. Indenture dat. 25 Mar. 8 Chasl. (English) (Endorsed) '^ Exchsiing 
of land betwne Sir John Horton and prier " — Deed of Exchange 
between Sir John Horton of Elston co. Glos. Kt. and William Pryer of 
Broughton Gififord co. Wilts yeoman of 1^ ac. in Awfield in B. G. 
between the lands of Thos Skryne & said W. P. with other land 
between the Church lands & Henry Hardinges for other land in B. G. 
near the lands of IClizabeth Gore widow, David Gawen, William Gore, 
Mr. Edward Longe, Henry Hardinge & Church Lands. Mark of W^m 
Pryor (seal missing) Wits. sigs. Robt. Horton. Tho. Horton. Ri: 
Wakeman. Jhon twyford. • 

50. Indenture dat. 20 Nov. 16 Chas. I. (English) between (1) Sir John 
Horton of Elston co. Glos. Kt & (2) Henry Martin of Beckett co. Berks] 
Esq. & Geo. Martin of Bray co. Berks gent. Recites judgment in Court 
of King's Bench Mich. Term 15 Chas. I. Sig. Henry Martin (seal 
with faint impression) Another (plain) seal but no sig. Wits, sigs? 
Jo. Harewell, Tho: Horton, Geo. Hopkins, the mark of Tho. Ludlowe. 

[^51. Indenture dat. 7 Feb. 16 Chas. 1. (English) between (1) Thomas 
Hanham of Windborne Minster co Dorset Esq & Christofer Horton of 
Catton CO Derby Esq. and (2) Sir John Horton of Elkeston co. Glos. 
Kt. Conveyance to Sir Jo. Horton of their share in the Manor of 
Broughton Gififord co. Wilts & properties in the parishes of B. G. & 
Melksham which by deed dat. 20 Nov. 3 Chas. I. they had from Walter 
Longe of Whaddon co. Wilts Esq. & Mary his wife of the one part and 

^Deed in possession of Sir John Hanham, Bart., of Dean's Court, Wim- 
borne. 



By the Rev. A. W, Stote, F,S.G., Lond, 255 

the said Sir John Horton Thos Hannam &Ohris. Horton of the other part. 
Sig. Thomas Hanham — seal armorial, Hanham (almost obliterated). 
Sig. Chrisf. Horton — seal armorial, arms quarterly (1) a stag's head 
cabossed (Horton of Somerset) (2) a bend, in chief a label of 3 points. 
(3) a cross botonny, (4) (?) erm. (or else semee of (?) fieurs de lis) a bend. 
Wits. sigs. John Chetwind, Edw. Curtise, mark of John Moodie; Barth: 
Hall, Rob. Guy, mark of Thomas Ludlo. Wits to seizin (4 Mar 1640) 
Robert Nashe, marks of Thomas Hancock & Thos. Ludloe, David 
Gawen, Edmond Lewis,] 

52. Indenture dat '2.^ Sept. 17 Ghas I. (English— large document of two 
sheets of parchment, torn at the foot) [Endorsed] " Sir John Horton's 
Settlement of Broughton and Coomb End Estates on the Marriage of 
his son Thomas Horton with Mrs. Elizabeth Guise." between (1) Sir 
Jo. Horton of Elkinston alias Elston co Glos. Kt. and Dame Jane his 
wife, Sir Francis Popham of Littlecott co Wilts Kt., (2) Thomas Horton 
Esq s. k h. apparent of Sir Jo. Horton & Elizabeth Guyse eldest dau. 
of William Guyse of Brockworth in the co. & cyttie of Glos. Esq. & (3) 
said Wm. Guyse & Wm. Dennys of Fucklechurch co. Glos (. . . . torn 
away) " in consideration of a mariadge by God's grace intended . . . 
between the said Thomas Horton & Elizabeth Guyse. Joynture of £2000. 
Manor of Broughton Gifford ; Cap. mess, in B. G. sometyme in occ. 
of Elizabeth CafFe wid. & Mich. Uutfe gent, her son ; Lands named 
Breaches, Plumgaston, Hundells, Longe Gaston, Chaw Pocke, common 
feilds of B. G., Mocheli Meede ; Cottages k land in B. G. in occ. of 
Jo. Twyford, Jone Lucas & Wm. Creese ; Mess called the Church howse 
in B. G. ; Tenement & land in B. G. late in ten. of Henry Edmonds; 
Broughton Wood ; Rents of lands late in ten. of Jo Tucker, Mrs. Gore 
wid., Jo Gerishe gent, Jo. Gerish of Durley ; hereditaments in B. G. 
which Wm. Brouncker late of Earle Stoke co Wilts Esq. conveyed to 
Sir Jo. Horton ; messl & lands in B. G. & Melksham ; capital mess, in 
Elkiston als Elston co Glos. ; Coombe Green, Cowleeze, Ayler's 
Meade, Woodlands, Great Water Combes, Little Water Combes, 
Spring Water Combes, Oxelease, the Langett, *' Between-the- Woods," 
Barnewood, Combes (Jloses, the Acres, the lower Poole Close, 
the lower Pasture, the Newfeild, Bromesley Copse, Southfeild in 
the common feilds of -Elston, Fower Ponds, common of pasture 
for 300 sheep (late James Huntley deceased) ; all lying between 
the Manors of Winstone, Colsborne, Woodmencote, " & the way near 
the Manor House of Sir Jo. Horton leading from the highway called 
the force towards Colsborne" ; a mess, in Elston late in ten. of Gyles 
Peryn ; a mess. & lands in Elston bought by Sir John Horton from 
Thos, John, Henry and i^^dmond Huntley, gentlemen, sons of the said 
James Huntley. Terms of settlement follow. Sigs. Fran: Popham 
(wits. sigs. Thos. Curtis, Nathanell Everet) Will: Denys (wits. sigs. 
Richard Poyntz, William Chanchell) Jo: Horton: Jane Horton, Tho: 
Horton, Elizabeth Gise,Will: Gyse (Wits sigs.) George Marten, George 
(?)Guinnett,Wm. Poole, Ja. Doule, Wm. Bell, Joseph Madocke, Richard 
EUy. (Seals missing, and bottom of deed torn and damaged.) 



256 The Sonety's MSS. 

S3. Indenture dat. 2 Nov. 17 Chas T. (English — somewhat injured by- 
damp.) Settlement of properties in Bath on the marriage of Thos. 
Horton with Elizabeth Guyse eldest dau. of Wm. Guyse Esq. (1) Sir 
Jo Horton of Elkeston alias Elston co Glo. Kt. Exor. of the will of 
Edward Horton late of the cittie of Bathe co Som'set Esq, and (2) 
Thomas Horton Esq. s. & h. apparent of Sir Jo Horton. Recites Lease 
dat 29 Dec. 44 Eliz. the Mayor, Aldermen, & Cits, of Bathe & John 
Brewster Clarke Master of the Hospital of S. Jo. Bap. in Bath & the 
Brethren & Sisters thereof to Edward Horton [& another recent lease 
to John Horton (now Sir John Horton)] of 2 mess^ in Bath "before 
the Crosse " between the Hospital on the West & the tenement of Jo. 
Chapman, Alderman on the East for the lives of Edward Horton, John 
Horton & one William Horton. Wm. Horton now long since dead, & 
Jo Horton being Exor of Ed. Horton's will. Recites also Lease dat 7 
Aug 43 Eliz. & a Fine between (1) Geo. Farewell of Hilleshoppes co. 
Som'set Esq. John Pepwall of Coldashton co Glo. & Elizabeth his wife 
(2) Edward Horton of cit of Bath Esq of 2 messuages in North Streete 
Bath, one then in the ten. of Ed. H. & the other in the ten. of Jo. 
Serchfeild then Alderman of Bath, and that Sir Jo. Horton is now in 
possession. The above properties are settled by Sir Jo Horton on 
Thos. Horton except the 6 years remaining on a lease of the last 
mentioned messuage made by Sir Jo Horton to Jo. Dansey gent & 
another lease for 3 lives by him to Ralphe Baylie Doctor of Physicke. 
Sig. Jo: Horton. Seal, a stag's head cabossed. Wit^ sig^. George 
Marten, George (?) Gwinnett, W™. Poole, Ja: Doule, W". Bell, Joseph 
Madocke, Rich^ Elly. 

54. Indenture dat. 3 Nov. 17 Chas. I. (on paper &, in English & endorsed 
" Demise for 50 years of houses in Bath Jet on the^life of S'. John 
Horton "). between (1) Thomas Horton of Elkiston als Eston co. Glo • 
Esq. & (2) S'. John Horton of the same, Kt., father of the said T. H. 
Recites T. H. now possessed for several terms of years of several 
messuages etc in the cit. of Bath, conveyed to him by his father on his 
marriage " then intended and now this present day had & solempnized " 
with Elizabeth "his now wife dau. of Wm. Guyse Esq." Sig. John 
Horton (seal missing). Wits. sigs. Wm, Poole, Ja: Dowle, George 
Gwinnett, W. Bell, Joseph Madocke, Richard Elly. 

55. Indenture dat. 20 June 19 Chas. I. 1643 (English) between (1) Sir 
John Horton of Elstone co Glos. Kt. & (2) Edward Horton his second 
son gent of Elstone. Recites Lease for 3 lives dat. 31 Aug 1 Jas I. 
1603 Edward Horton of Bath Esq. to John Richard & Ursuley Carpenter 
of a tenement & lands in Corsley. Sig. Jo: Horton (Plain seal, damaged). 
Wit^ sigs Thomas Hanham, Robert Horton, mark of Elizabeth 
Steeuenson. 

[156. Indenture dat. 16 Aug. 20 Chas. 1. 1644 (English) between (1) 
Henerie Martyn of Beckett co Berks Esq. & George Martyn of Bray 

1 This deed is in possession of Sir Thomas Hanham, Bart., of Dean's 
Court, Wimborne. 



By the Rev. A. W, Stote, F.S.G., Lond. 257 

CO Berks Esq, his brother and (2) Sir John Horton of Estone 
CO Glos. Kt. & Thos. Horton of Eston his s. & h. apparent 
Peppercorn Lease of the Mansion House called Barcot or Barcote 
in the par. of Buckland co Berks & lands heretofore let by Sir 
Henry Martyn of London Kt. father of the P' parties to Chris. Hart of 
Barcot CO Berks gent & all other hereditaments in Buckland liecites 
the terms of several Bonds (1) dat I Nov. 15 Chas I. H. M. & G. M. & 
Thos Pestropp of cit. of London Esq to Sir John Horton (2) H. M & 
G. M. & Thos Horton to {a) Mrs Paltham widow (6) — Marsh D.D. (c) Mr. 
Peekes & another. Sigs (seals missing) George Marten, Henry Marten 
Wits. sigs. Thomas Hanham (bis) William Horton (bis) Fra: Kent.] 

57. Indenture dat 26 June 23 Ghas, I (English) between William Flower 
of Melksham co Wilts yeoman & Sir Jo Horton of Broughton Giflford 
CO. Wilts Kt. Conveyance of land, Broadmead in B. G. near Henry 
Sheppard's meadow. Mention of Jeane Flower wife of Wm. F. Bobert 
Nash & lienry Nash of Broughton his attorneys. Sig. Willm Flowir 
(seal missing). Wits. sigs. Edw. Horton, Robert Nash, mark of Stephen 
Hoskins. Endorsement — Seizin granted 4 Dec 1647 by Robert Nash 
& Henry Nash. Wits. sigs. Edward Horton, Robt Nash, mark of Wm. 
Chantrell. 

58. Indenture dat. 21 June 23 Chas. I (English) between Adam Rutty of 
Melksham co. Wilts yeoman & Sir John Horton of Broughton Giflford 
CO Wilts Kt. Conveyance of land in Melksham (Broad Meade k 
Jhesps Thornes). Mention of Ann wife of Adam Rutty. Sig, Adam 

' Rutty (seal missing) Wits. sigs. as in No. 57. 

59. Indenture dat. 30 June 23 Chas, I. between Thomas Somner of 
Newtowne, par, of Melksham, co Wilts yeoman & Sir Jo. Horton of 
Broughton Gilford co Wilts Kt, Conveyance of land in Melksham — 
Jeseps adjoining Broadmede & Berryfeild. Mention of Mary wife of 
T. S. Sig. Thomas Somner (or Samner) [seal missing]. 'Wits. sigs. 
William Horton, Robt. Nash, Mark of Will. Chauntrell, Robert Horton. 

60. Indenture dat. 6 Oct 23 Chas, I, between (1) William Gerrish of New 
Towne in par. of Melksham co. Wilts gent., & John Ashe of Freshford 
CO. Som'set Esq and (2) Sir Jo, Horton of Broughton Giflford co. Wilts 
Kt. Conveyance of land in Melksham near Broadmeade & Stackers 
Pitt in occ. of Nathanael Coke, parcell of New Towne Farme. Sigs. 
W™ Gerrish, John Ashe (seals missing). Wits. sigs. Edward Horton, 
Penelope Horton, Jeane Horton, mark of W™. Chantrell, Sam: Ashe, 
Richard Cheswell. Wits. sigs. to seizin — Edward Horton, Robert 
Horton, Robt. Nash, Nathaniell Coke, Edward Selfe. 



61. Indenture dat 25 Oct 23 Chas I between Richard Weebb of Nowtowne 
in par. of Melksham co. Wilts yeoman & Sir Jo Horton of Broughton 
Giflford CO Wilts Kt. Conveyance of land in Melksham in Broadmeade 
bounded by the River Avon on the W, & the ground of Mr. Thos. Long 
• on the N., now in the occ. of R, W. Sig. Richard Webb. (Seal missing) 
Wits, sig. Ambrose Barcroft, Penelope Horton, mark of William 



258 The Society's MSS. 

Chantrell. Wits, sigs to seizin. Edward Horton, Robert Nash, mark 
of Wm. Chantrell. 

62. Indenture Tripartite dat 8 June 24 Chas I. between (1) Wm. Guyse 
of Elmore co. & city of Glos. Esq. (2) Thos. Horton of Elkiston alias 
Elstone co_Glos. Esq. s. & h. apparent of Sir John Horton late of 
Elkiston als Elstone & now of Broughton Gififord co. Wilts Kt. & (3> 
the said Sir John Horton. Recites Indenture dat 20 Sep. 17 Chas I. 
[See No. 52] & notes that Dame Jane Horton & Sir Francis Popham 
are "sythence deceased." The Deed recites that Sir John Horton has 
purchased land in Corsley & Melksham with part of Elizabeth Guyse'& 
marriage portion & gives him acquittance for this and the' balance of 
her £2000, Sigs. Tho: Horton (plain seal, broken) Will. Gyse (plain 
seal) Wits sigs. John Gyse, W™. Poole, Rob. Horton. 

63. Indenture Tripartite same date Sf parties as No. 62 (two membranes). 
Recites Indenture dat. 20 Sep. 17 Chas I. [see No. 52]. Conveyance 
of lands etc in Corsley & Melksham. bought by Sir Jo Horton, to Wm. 
Guyse & Wm. Dennys viz those of John Carpenter (here said to be *' of 
Whitborn in Corsley husbandman) & his s. & dau. Richard & Ursula 
Carpenter [see No. 55] ; William Flowers [see No. 57] ; Adam Rutty 
[see No. 58]; Thos. Somner [see No. 59] Richard Webb [see No. 61] ^ 
and Wm. Gerrish & John Ashe [see No. 60]. Attorneys for Sir John 
Horton his "friends John Guyse gent & Robert Horton gent. Sigs. 
Tho: Horton, Will Gyse, Will. Dennys (seals missing). Wits. sigs. 
Jo. Gyse, Wm. Poole, Rob. Horton, Richard Poyntz, William Chantrell 
(Seizin undated & unwitnessed). 

64. Indenture dat. 10 June 1650 [unexecuted]. Deed of Assignment 
between (1) Thos. Horton of Elstone co. Glos. Esq. & Henry Marten 
of Beckett co Berks Esq. and (2) Thos. Hussey of Hungerford Park co 
Wilts Esq. Recites that Chas. Edmonds, Wm. Pullin, and James 
Heiron are seized in fee simple for the use of Henry Marten of a farm 
called Anvills and land etc in the parishes of Hungerford, Inkepen, 
Shawburne, & Kintbury, co Berks ; also a Bond entered into by Thos. 
Horton for Henry Marten for £500 to Wm. Killingtree of London Esq 
which bond came into the hands of Elizabeth Marsh widow, as admin- 
istratrix of Wm. Killingtree late deceased ; thcvt she obtained judgment 
against Thos. Horton in the Court of Common Pleas Mich. 1648 ; that 
by deed dat. 19 Nov 1640 C. E., W. P., and J. H. in payment of the 
debt to Thos. Horton sold timber (granted to them by Henry Marten) 
on the Estate to Thos. Smith of [hlanTc] co Bucks gent or to Thos 
Lawrence of Bray co Berks gent. The deed is unsigned. At the back 
of the deed is a " Memorandum that . . . Thomas Horton did re- 
ceive of Mr. Thos. Hussey the some of £500 upon sealing & delivery 
of the deed of assignment to the sayd Thomas Hussey & did then give 
acquitance for the receipt of ^500 by the apointment of Henry Marten 
Esq. in dischardge of a (? dett) dew to Elizabeth Marsh widowe late 
wife of James Marsh D'. in divinity all which was done in the presence 
of (sigs.) Robert Horton, Richard Estcourt. 



By the Rev. A. W. Stole, F.S.G., Lond. 25^ 

65. Indenture dat. 11 Dec 1656 between John Wildman of Cit. of West- 
minster CO M'sex Esq and Sir John Horton of Elston co Glos. Kt. Deed 
of Indemnity. Recites Indenture dat. as above between Sir John 
Horton & Jo. Wildman concerning the Manors messuages etc of Henry 
Marten & Geo. Marten in cos. Berks Oxon & Wilts together with the 
judgment or Extent thereof. Also recites an Indenture dat. as above 
tripartite between (1) Sir Jo. Horton (2) Henry Martin of Beckett co. 
Berks Esq & (3) John Wildman concerning the Manor of Eaton Hastings 
alias Water Eaton alias Water Hasting, (sig) John Wildman. (Plain 
seal.) (Wits sigs.) Tho: Sandes, Anthony Jenkins, Tho. Backnor, Wm. 
Horton, Will. Horton. 

66. Copy of Will ^ Probate of Sir John Horton of Broughton Gifford co 
Wilts Kt. dat. 13 Mar 15 Chas II 1662 ; proved in London (P. C. C.) 
21 Nov, 1667 by Thomas Horton his son, sole executor. Bequests "to 
my sonnes Thomas Horton, Edward Horton, Eobt. Horton and William 
Horton 20s. to buy them *' rings" ; to "my three daughters Penelope 
Horton, Amy Mankes the wife of Anthony Mankes, gent , and Jane 
Stradlinge wife of Lamorocke Stradlinge Esq 20*. apeice also to b_uy 
them rings." All the rest to my said son Thomas Horton, sole exor. 
(sig.) John Horton. (Wits) Edmund Kroby, Elizabeth Henson, 
Penelope Mace, Wm.Chantrell. Proved in " le Strand " co. M'sex before 
Jo Clark LL.D 21 Nov, 1667 (sig) Simon Rollesson Ptegistrar. Frag- 
ments of seal. 

6l7. Indenture dat. 2 Sept. 31 Cha,8. II. 1679. between William Horton 
of Broughton Gifford co, Wilts gent., k William Wakeley of B. G. 
carpenter. Lease for 99 years or the lives of W. W., Joane his now 
wife and William their son of a Cottage & land in Broughton Gifford, 
Mark of William Wakely (seal missing) (Wits, sig.) Meelaer Witt, 
mark of Thomas Walter. 

68. Indenture dat. 1 5 Jan 6 Anne. 1 707 between John Horton of Broughton 
Gifford Esq and Walter Canteloe of B. G. yeoman Lease for 99 years 
or the lives of John, Betty & Ann Canteloe the son & daus. of W, C. of 
a plot of land next John Prist's in I'roughton Marsh (sig.) Walt. 
Cantelo. Seal (? a crest) a fish impaled on a spearhead. (Wits, sigs.) 
Ann Edwards, Da. Noble. 

69. Indenture dat. 10 Mar 8 Anne between John Horton of Broughton 
Gifford CO. Wilts Esq. and William Wynn of B. G. Broadweaver Lease 
for 99 years or the lives of W. W., Mary his wife k Hesther Wynn their 
daughter of a stone cottage to be built by W. W,, on land fronting the 
street of B. G. near a tenement of Richard Pinchin of Holt & Jo. Burler 
the younger Mark of W"" Wynn. (Wits, sigs ) Thos. Horton, Da:Webbe 
[Endorsed] "This was altered in the possession of James Lister." 
Endorsed also with an agreement that Jo Horton his heirs etc, "shall 
have the use of the well & liberty to carry of the Gate & paving stones 
on the within menconed p'misses." 



260 The Society's MSS. 

70. Indenture Quinquepartite dat. 15 Feb. 12 Geo I. 1725 (Large deed of 
4 membranes) between (1) Thomas Bennett of Steeple Ashton co. Wilts 
Esq. & Thomas Bennett jun. of Combe Haway co. Som'set Esq. s. & h. 
apparent of the said Thos. Bennett 8enr (2) Elinor Horton of cit. of 
GIos. spinster one of the daus. of Thos. Horton of Coom End co Glo. 
Esq. (3) Robert Smith pf Foxcote co Som'set Esq. & William Blanch 
of Wootton n' the cit. of Glos Esq. (4) John Horton of Broughton co 
Wilts Esq & Thos. Clement of Weston co. Som'set Esq. 

Marriage settlement to provide the jointure of £300 p. a. on Elinor 
Horton on her marriage with Thomas Bennett Jun^ Manor of Coombe 
Haway alias Coombe Hay co Som'set & lands in Coombe Haway, 
Wellowe, and Twinhoe now or late in poss. of Thomas Bennett Sen*" & 
Jun^. Also lands etc. Coombe Haway, Wellowe, Dunkerton, South-, 
stoake, Englishcombe, & Twinhoe co. Som'set now or late in poss. 
or tenure of Wm. Barham, Mich. Willis, Wm. White, Kobert Willis, 
Lord John Phelps, Jo Gibbs, Rosewell Smithfeild, Aurelius Webb, 
Henry Phelps, Richard Winsor, Samuel Teart, Joseph Millard, John 
Gay, George Watkyne, Edwd Barnard, Eras. Charmbury, Robt Willis, 
Farmer Henry Stacy, Samuel Moxom, Susan Godwin, Robert Tutt, 
Henry Stead, & Ann Millard, widow ; and the Advowson of Coombe 
Haway alias Coombe Hay. Provision for entail. (Sigs.) Tho: Bennett 
& Tho: Bennett jun. have each armorial seal. Arms and crest of 
Bennett of Steeple Ashton (party per fesse crenellee a pale & 3 demi-lions 
rampant (?) crowned. Crest a demi-lion rampant (?) crowned & sup- 
porting a (?) tower). (Sigs) Elianor Horton & Tho: Clement — Seal 
with scroll. (Wits, sigs.) Jo: Coombs, Marlin Taylor, Eliz: Clement 
Rich: Levermore. 

71. Indenture dat I June 4 Geo II. 1731 between Thomas Horton of 
Wootton CO. Glos. Esq. and James Mayo of W'ootton co Glos yeoman 
" for several years faithful service ") Lease for 99 years or the lives of 
J.M. and Susan Mayo, his now wife, of 5 ac. of meadow in Broughton 
Gifford CO Wilts called Pinncks, n"^ the highway from Broughton to 
Melksham, formerly in poss. of Rich*^. Biggs & now in poss. of Sarah 
Beard widow. (Sig.) Thomas Horton. Seal, a man's head. (Wits, 
sigs.) Ivich*^ Roberts, W™. Roberts. 

72. Indenture dat 24 Aug 1734 Lea&e for 500 years between Thomas 
Horton of Wootton co Glos, Lord of the Manor of Broughton Gifford 
CO. Wilts Esq. and Richard Goore of Broughton Gifford yeoman mess. 
& garden & 2 lugs part of the waste of the Manor of B.G. lying by 
Church Brook, Mark of Richard Goore. Part of a seal (? armorial) 
(Wits, sigs) Richard Roberts, John Parry. 

73. Ditto. Same date. Edward Keen of Broughton Gifford yeoman. 
Mess k garden in Broughton Marsh Mark of E. K. Part of armorial 
seal, a lion rampant impaling a stag's head cabossed. (Wits, sigs.) 
Richard Jioberts, John Parry. 

74. Ditto. Same date. Grace Wakely of Broughton Gifford W". Mess. 
& garden in Broughton Gifford (sig.) Garace Wakely. Seal, a Paschal 
Lamb. (Wits, sigs.) Richard Roberts, John Parry. 



By the Rev. A. W. Stote, F.S.G., Lond, 261 

7 5. Ditto. Same date. Daniell Keen, Jun"". of Broughton Gifford Yeoman. 
Mess. & garden in B.G. Mark of D. K, jun. Seal & wits, sigs as No, 74. 

76. Ditto Same date. Samuel Mortimer of Broughton Gifford yeoman. 
Mess & Garden in Broughton Marsh. Sig. Samuel Mortimor. Seal 
& wits. sigs. as No. 74. 

77. Ditto. Same date. John Baggs of Broughton Gifford yeoman. Mess, 
(fe garden in Broughton Marsh. Mark of J. B. Part of a seal. Same 
wits. sigs. as No. 74. 

78. Ditto. Same date. Nicholas CoUett of Broughton Gifford yeoman 
Mess. & garden in Broughton Marsh. Mark of M. C. Seal & wits. 

sigs. as in No. 74. 

79. Ditto Same date. William Gay of Broughton Gifford yeoman 
Mess & garden in Broughton Gifford. Mark of W. G. Seal & wits, 
sigs. as in No. 73. 

80. Ditto Same date. (William Gay erased.) Thomas Mattick [over- 
written) of Norington in Broughton Gifford, yeoman. Mess. & garden 
in Norington. (Sig) Thos. mattick. Seal & wits. sigs. as in No. 74. 

81. Ditto Sa^ne date. John Winn of Norrington in Broughton Gifford, 
yeoman. Mess & garden in B. G. Mark of John Win. Seal & wits, 
sigs. as in No. 74. 

82. Ditto Same date. (Daniell Keen Sen', erased) William Pocock {over- 
written) of Broughton Gifford yeoman. Mess. & garden in (Broughton 
Marsh erased) Norrington overwritten) "now in possession of Daniell 
Keen {sic) N.B. — The two names have not been properly interchanged 
throughout the deed. Mark of Wm. Pocock. Seal & wits. sigs. as in 
No. 74. 

83. Ditto. Same date. Joseph Collett of Broughton Gifford yeoman. 
Mess. & garden ("he now possesses" overwritten) "adjoining the spot 
of ground now in his poss. but lately in poss. of one Catherine Gay 
widow " in Woodlane, Broughton Gifford. (Sig.) Thos. Horton. Seal 
and wits. sigs. as in No. 74. 

Four endorsements on the back of the deed :— 

(1) Of an assignment dat. 10 Feb. 1771 the within named Joseph 
Collett to Elizabeth Hunt for £1. 10 (rather illegible). 

(2) 2 July 1774 "I do allow (? Milly) Collett to hold the eight 
lugs added to the within . . , upon paying me the further 
sum of sixpence yearly as witness my hand this 2*^ day of July 
1774 (Sig.) J. Roberts." 

(3) " Rec^. 6'^ of March . . . of Farm' . . . Dark the sum 
of J£*4. 10s. for the within mentioned premises for the use of John 
Roberts Esq. in full by me Jn"' Hayward." 

(4) "Nov. 15. 1779 I do hereby give up my right & title to John 
Hayward & his hairs {sic) y^ within Cottage & land theirunta 
belonging etc for £4. 8s. Od. (Sig.) Harry Collett. (Wit.) mark 
of Christian Buckland." 



262 The Society s MSS. 

S4. Indenture dat 8 Jvne 7 Geo II. 1734 between John Horton of Broughton 
Gifford CO Wilts, Esq. & John Prist of the same place Broadweaver. 
Copyhold lease for 99 years or 3 lives Surrender by J. Prist of a Cottage 
and a plot, part of Bull's Leaze, adjoining Rudman's in Broughton 
Marsh wh. he held for his own & the lives of Mary his then wife & 
Thomas his son both since deceased. Regrant of same for 99 years or 
the lives of Himself, Eleanor his now wife, & Charles Gore s. of Richard 
Gore late of B. G. Broadweaver, deceased Mark of John Prist. Seal 
a crest (lion rampant) (Wits, sigs.) Mary Jeffer, Wm. Selfe. 

85. Indenture dat. 24 Mar. 1739 between (1) Thomas Horton of Wooton 
near the cit. of Gloucester Esq. and (2) Elizabeth Blanch wife of William 
Blanch of Wooton Esq. & Eleanor Roberts wife of Richard Roberts 
of the Middle Temple Esq. sisters of the said Thomas Horton. Pro- 
vision for any future wife & issue of Thos. Horton & an entail on his 
Manor of Broughton Gifford co. Wilts & all lands etc in Broughton 
Gifford, Elkstone alias Elkistone & Colesborne co Glo., Wooton n"^ 
Gloucester, & other properties in cos. of Glos. & Wilts or elsewhere in 
England. Entail on " Any wife he shall hereafter marry," for life then 
any lawful male issue & their heirs ; then any daughters & their 
heirs ; in default of issue to the second parties of this deed & their 
heirs (Sig.) Tho^ Hprton. Seal, a Paschal Lamb. (Wits, sigs) Jn°. 
Parry (erased), James Window, Tho. Bagehott. 

[Folded within the deed is a single sheet of paper endorsed " Agreem} 
Sept^ 29**^ 1758."] 

" Brereton, Clerk, and others against Roberts Esq & others, In 
Chancery." 

" Heard for an Accommodation between the Parties as to the matter 
in queon in this cause." 

" That such reall Estate of Tho^ Horton Esq^e deced as he had power 
to dispose of shall be divided into three equal parts Whereof one shall 
be Conveyed to the Deft John Roberts Esq^e Another to the Deft. 
William Blanch the younger & the remaining third part to the Complt 
Richard Brereton." 

" That the Compl* Mr. Brereton shall receive one third part of the 
rents & profits of the said Estates from the decease of the said Tho' 
Horton." 

" That the complts shall release all claim or right to all other the 

personal estate of the said Thos. Horton That 

all proceedings at law & in Equity between the said Parties be in the 
mean time stayed." 

Sept. 29'*' 1758. We whose names are hereunto Subscribed do agree 
to the above written proposalls (Sigs.) John Roberts, William Blanch 
on behalf of my son W"" Blanch, Rich^^ Brereton. 

86. Indenture dat 4 June 1741 Lease for 500 years. Thomas Horton of 
Wotton CO Glos Lord of the Manor of Broughton Gifford co Wilts \ 
Esq. and James Butler of Broughton Gifford carpenter. A piece of waste 
ground in B. G. late Andrew Mortimer's (Sig.) James Butler. Seal a 
crest (a boar statant) (Wits, sigs.) George Gibbs. Rich'^. Parry. 



By the Rev, A. W. Stole, F.S.G., Lond. 263 

Indenture dat 18 Mar. 20 Geo. II. 1746 between Henry Merewether 
of Foxcote CO Som'set clerk and John Horton of cit. of Bath co. 
Som'set Apothecary. Conveyance of Reversion in trust. Recites 
Lease dat. 11 Nov. last between Edward Baynton Rolt of Spy Park co. 
Wilts Esq and said Henry Merewether, Mess. & 42 ac. in Enmore co. 
Som'set parcel of Manor of Enmore then in poss. of Robt Troak after 
life of Hannah wife of Robert Troak & for the life of Henry Merewether 
s. of John Merewether of Chippenham co Wilts D'^- of Physic aged 
about 10 years Recites also another lease of same date between the 
same parties. Mess. & 50 ac. in Bromfield co Som'set after the life of 
Thos. Nowell s. of Thos. Nowell of London gent., and for the lives of 
John Merewether aged about 11 years and Henry M. aged about 10 
years both sons of the said D*"- Jo. M. (Sig.) Henry Merewether. Seal 
armorial (Arms of Clutterbuck, a lion ramp, in chief 3 escallops) (Wits, 
sigs ) Lewis Clutterbuck, Thos. White. 

■ Indenture dat. 4 May 7 George III. 1767 (3 large membranes) 
[Endorsed] "Settlement on Mr. Horton's Intermarriage with Miss 
Collibee " between (1) Edward Bushell Collibee of the par.- of Lyncomb 
& Widcomb co. Som'set Esq. (2) Elizabeth Collibee of the same, 
spinster, his dau. (2) John Horton the younger of the city of Bath 
CO Som'set Apothecary and (4) Rev. Charles Stone D.D. Archdeacon 
of Kells in the Kingdom of Ireland and Lewis Clutterbuck gent of the 
city of Bath. Recites Lease dat. 12 Dec. 1757 between (1) the Mayor 
Aldermen, & Cits, of Bath and (2) Edw^ Bushell Collibee of the city of 
Bath gent & Chas Holder of Bathampton Esq. Mess, in the Grove in 
par. of SS. Peter & Paul Bath on N. side of the Church & near tenement 
of John Godwin Lease for 99 years or the lives of William Cottle 
son of John Cottle then aged about 14 years, John Tucker, s. of Jo. 
Tucker Farrier, then aged about 13 years, & Chas Milsom s. of Chas 
Milsom Cooper then aged about 18 years, all of the City of Bath. 

Marriage intended between John Horton Jun^^- & Elizabeth Collibee 
(with consent of her father) & settlement of E. B. C.'s moiety on trust 
with 4*'' parties as Trustees (Sigs.) Edward Bushell Collibee, Elizabeth 
Collibee John Horton Jun^- Same armorial seal in each case (sa. two 
bends arg. on a canton argent a bend sa. Crest, a demi-gryphon) 
(Wits, sigs.) John Horton, Tho: Harford. [Folded in the deed is a 
Paper document dated 12 Dec. 1757 & endorsed *' 2%e Corporation of 
Math to Messrs. Collibee & Harford. Copy of Lease.""] 



264 

EAST WILTSHIEE KUST FUNGI. 

By Cecil P. Hurst. 

The Uredinales form a group of Fungi whicli is also spoken of as the 
TJredineae or Kusts. An accurate acquaintance with their nature is of 
great importance to the gardener, the forester, or the agriculturist, on 
account of the enormous loss which is caused by them every year, and 
which can, at least in part, be avoided by a fuller knowledge. The effect 
of the TJredineae in reducing crop production is great beyond calculation. 
A Canadian authority has estimated the loss caused by rust in wheat in 
the prairie region of Canada in 1917 at 100,000,000 bushels, representing a 
value of between £25,000,000 and £50,000,000. For the same year the losa 
in the five chief cereals in the United States exceeded 400,000,000 bushels, 
and it is to check in some degree such devastation that an Imperial Bureau 
of Mycology has recently been established in England, with its headquarters 
at Kew Green, near Kew Gardens. This Bureau will be a central organi- 
zation for the encouragement and co-ordination of work throughout the 
British Empire on the diseases of plants caused by fungi, in relation to 
agriculture, and will also be an agency for the accumulation and distribution 
of information and for the identification of specimens sent in from all parts, 
of the Empire. All the species of Rust Fungi are parasitic, growing upon 
or in a living plant, which is called the host. The majority of the species 
have more than one stage of growth, distinguished by the form and arrange- 
ment of the spores which they produce ; the number of distinct kinds of 
spores which a single species can possess varies from one to five, viz. : — 
spermatia, aecidiospores or rejuvenating spores, uredospores or summer 
spores, teleutospores or winter spores, and basidiospores, the order indicating 
the succession in which they appear. After the winter's rest, the teleuto- 
spores germinate and produce basidiospores and if these are blown by the 
wind or carried by insects to the proper hosts their germ tubes bore through 
the cuticle and then ramifying, form a mycelium, or tissue composed of 
branching threads, and this producing new spore-forms, the life-history of 
the rust is continued. If the various spore-forms are all borne upon one 
host, the species is called autoecious ; but it is a remarkable fact that a 
large number of the Rust Fungi pass their existence alternately upon two 
hosts, certain of the spore-forms being always produced upon the one and 
the remainder upon the other, such species are called heteroecious. Rather 
more than one- twelfth of the Rust Fungi are heteroecious. Phragmidium 
violaceum^ the orange uredospores and black teleutospores of which are so 
common in sori or clusters on the under surface of Blackberry leaves from 
August onwards is an example of an autoecious rust, while Melampsora 
Bostrupii, the aecidiospores of which were seen on the Dog's Mercury 
{Mercurialis perennis)m Foxbury Wood near Great Bedwyn in spring and 
the uredospores on the aspen {Populus tremula) at Burridge Heath, not far 
off, in autumn, is an example of a heteroecious species. The spores of Rust 



East Wilts Rust Fungi. 265 

Fungi are generally produced in clusters which are called sori. Two hundred 
and fifty species of rust are described in W, B. Grove's "British Rust Fungi 
(Uredinales),"a work to which this paper is much indebted ; fifty-five of these, 
observed around Great Bedwyn in 1 920 and 1 921 , are recorded in the following 
list. A noteworthy plant is Pucciniastrum pustulatum growing on the Rose- 
bay Willow-herb {Epilobiuni angusti folium), which I have found in five locali- 
ties near Great Bedwyn, the black teleutospores occurred plentifully in one 
place on Stokke Common; this is a very rare rust and is recorded from only 
one locality (in Surrey) in the above mentioned book, which was published in 
1913;another rare species isFuccinia Thesii, observed growing on the Bastard 
Toadflax (Thesium humifusum) upon the downs near Alton Barnes, while 
uncommon rusts recorded below are Uromyces Geranii, U.lVifolii, Puccinia 
■Angelicae, P. Chondrillae, P. Betonicae, P. a7inularis, P. Iridis, and Endo- 
phyllu7ii Euphorhiae-silvaticae. The host plants on which the rusts occurred 
have been arranged in accordance with the tenth edition of the London 
Catalogue with regard to sequence and nomenclature. Although not 
occurring in our district, Mr. E. J. Tatum's discovery of Caeoma Ari-italici 
parasitical upon Cuckoo-pint {Arum maculatum) near Salisbury in April, 
1897, may be mentioned ; Caeoma Ari-italici, which has also been found 
in France and Germany, is a very rare rust and Mr. Tatum's record is the 
only one given in Grove's " British Rust Fungi." 

Puccinia Violae (DC) on Viola sylvestris (Kit.) Wood Violet, The 
aecidia on the stem and leaves near Folly Farm, Great Bedwyn, forming 
swollen yellowish spots ; a very common rust. 

F. Malvacearum (Mont.) on Malva sylvestris (Linn.) Common Mallow. 
The hard reddish- brown sori of the teleutospores at Great Bedwyn and 
near Ramsbury. One of the most noticeable of the rusts with a very in- 
teresting history. It was first made known in 1852 by Montagu from a 
specimen found in Chili and was observed in Australia in 1857 (Mc. Alpine). 
In Europe it appeared in 1869, in South Africa in 1875, and it has now 
spread all over the world. • It is believed that Chili was its native home ; 
the rapidity of its distribution to other countries has few or no parallels 
among plant diseases. It is now a very common rust in this country and 
Mr. Carleton Rea tells me he finds it all through the winter near Worcester. 
Uromyces Geranii (Otth. et Wart) on Geranium pratense (Linn.), Meadow 
Oranesbill. The blackish-brown sori of the teleutospores near Wilton 
Water and in Hatchet Lane, Great Bedwyn ; an uncommon species. 

Puccinia Lolii (Nielsen) on Rhamnus catha^^ticus (Linn.), Common 
Buckthorn. Near Froxfield, the aecidia forming yellow swellings on the 
leaves, and the orange sori of the uredospores on oats {Avena Sativa) near 
Burridge Heath in July ; an example of a heteroecious rust, the aecidiospores 
appearing in May and June on Buckthorn and the uredospores and teleuto- 
spores occurring on various species of grasses later in the year. 

Uromyces Trifolii (Lev.) on Trifolium medium (Linn.), Zig-Zag Clover. 
The dark brown sori of the teleutospores in one place on Burridge Heath 
in June ; an uncommon rust. 

Puccinia Pruni-spinosae (Pers.) on Spiraea Ulmaria (Linn.), Meadow 
Sweet. The brownish-black sori of the teleutospores at the end of August 
VOL. XLI.— NO. CXXXIV. T 



266 . East Wilts Bust Fungi. 

on the under surface of the leaves near Wilton Water ; very common on 
the Meadow Sweet in this country, but very uncommon on the Dropwort 
{Spircea Filipendula). 

Phragmidium violaceum (Wint.) on Ruhus fruticosus (Linn.), Common 
Blackberry. The yellow sori of the uredospores and afterwards the black 
sori of the teleutospores on the under surface of the leaves ; very common 
in this district, Folly Farm, Oakhill, Conyger, etc., etc. The aecidiospores 
and teleutospores are on lavge conspicuous red and purple spots, hence the 
specific name, violaceum ; these spots are very noticeable as autumn advances 
and must be familiar to every country dweller, they may be found all 
through the winter. It is stated that Phragmidium violaceum infests most 
of the sub-species of Ruhus fruticosus, except those belonging to the group 
" Corylifolii," while Phragmidium Ruhi is confined to that group and the 
allied Ruhus caesius (W. B. Grove). 

P. Fragariastri {^chvbt.) on Potentilla s^cW/is (Garcke), Barren Straw- 
berry. The bright orange aecidial stage of this plant which appears in 
March is one of the earliest rusts of spring ; it shows on the leaves as soon 
as they are developed, extending even to the calyx, and is common around 
Great Bedwyn. During the mild early spring of 1921 it was observed on 
5th February in Tottenham Park. 

Uromyces Alchemillae (Lev.) on Alchemilla vulgaris (Linn), Common 
Lady's Mantle. The brown sori of the teleutospores on the under surface 
of the leaves in Chisbury Wood in September ; a common rust which attains 
considerable altitudes in Wales and Scotland,- and has been gathered at 
7,2C0ft. in Switzerland. 

Phragmidium Sanguisorbae (Schrot.) on Poterium Sanguisorhae (Linn.), 
The Lesser Burnet. The orange sori of the uredospores on the east of 
Bedwyn Brails ; a rather common rust. 

Puccimastrum Agrimoniae (^Vvqj\zq\\q\\) on Agrimonia Eupatoria (Linn.), 
Common Agrimony. The orange-yellow sori of the uredospores at Scrope's 
Farm, near Budge Manor, Froxfield, in October ; the uredospores are 
common in this species but the teleutospores are very rare everywhere and 
have not been found in Britain. 

Phragmidium disciflorum (James) on Rosa canina (Linn.), Dog Rose. 
The uredospores are very common on the under surface of wild roses around 
Great Bedwyn, and also occur on cultivated roses in Ivy House garden in 
the village ; this rust has been introduced with cuttings into Australia and 
other parts of the world. 

Pucci7iiastrum pustulatum (Dietel) on Epilohium augustifolium (Linn.), 
Rosebay Willowherb. The orange sori of the uredospores in Chisbury Wood, 
near Stokke Common, Bedwyn Brails, the garden of Ivy House in Great 
Bedwyn village and in Savernake Forest in September and October, the 
black teleutospores on Stokke Common in November. Evidently widely 
distributed in this district. This is supposed to be an extremely rare rust 
and only one record is given in W. B. Grove's " British Bust Fungi," that 
by iMr. E. W. Swanton, .who found it at Shere, near Abinger, in Surrey. 
Mr. H. H. Knight tells me he has seen it near Cheltenham, and it may 
be becoming more common ; teleutospores from Stokke Common were sent 



By Cecil P. Hurst 267 

to the Herbarium of the British Museum and to Mr. Carleton Rea, of the 
British Mycological Society. The whitish aecidia occur beneath the leaves 
of the Silver Fir {Ahies pectinata), but have not been found in Great 
Britain. 

Pulccinia pulverulenta (Grev.) on Ejnlobium montanum (Linn ), Broad- 
leaved Willowherb. The dark-brovi^n sori of the teleutospores in Foxbury 
Wood in August ; a common rust ; affected plants are easily recognizable 
by their paler and yellowish colour. 

P. Circaeae (Pers.) on Circaea hitetiana (Linn.), Enchanter's Nightshade. 
The brown sori of the teleutospores in Bedwyn Brails in October ; rather 
common. 

P. Saniculae (Grev.) on Sanicula europea (Linn.), Wood Sanicle. In 
October the brown sori of the teleutospores in Rivar Firs, near Shalbourne ; 
a common rust. 

P. Angelicae (Fckl.) on Angelica sylvestris (Linn.), Wild Angelica. The 
brown sori of the teleutospores at the end of August on the under surface 
of the leaves of a number of plants near Wilton Water ; uncommon. 

Uromyces Valerianae (Fckl.) on Valeriana dioica (Linn.), Marsh Valerian. 
The dark-brown sori of the teleutospores in August in Foxbury Wood ; a 
common uredine. 

Pucci^iia Adoxae (Hedw. f.) on Adoxa Moschatellina (Linn.), Moschatel. 
The dark-brown sori of the teleutospores in April in Foxbury Wood ; a not 
uncommon rust, appearing early, in March, April, and May, 

P. Poarum (Niels.) on Tussilago Farfara (Linn), Common Coltsfoot. 
The orange aecidia on the under surface of the leaves, cup-shaped, with a 
dentate white revolute margin easily seen with a lens, by the side of the 
Canal at Great Bedwyn in July, and very common through the district ; a 
heteroecious species, the uredospores and teleutospores occurring on various 
species of grass of the genus Poa. They are common but easily overlooked 
unless searched for. 

Coleosporium Petasitis (Lev.) on Petasites qficinalis (Moench.), Butterbur. 
The sori of the teleutospores abundant along the Canal between Great 
Bedwyn and Froxfield forming little red crusts on the under surface of the 
leaves from August onwards; a not uncommon plant. 

G. Senecionis (Fr.) on Senecio vulgaris (Linn.), Common Groundsel. 
The sori of the teleutospores forming little red crusts under the leaves, 
plentiful on waste ground at Great Bedwyn in September ; a very common 
rust. 

Puccinia obtegens (Tul.) on Cnicus arvensis (Hoffm.), Common Creeping 
Thistle. The dark-brown sori of the teleutospores on the under surface of 
the leaves are common in this district, affected leaves turn yellowish ; the 
teleutospores were first noticed in Foxbury Wood in September ; I did not 
observe the spermogones which appear towards the end of April and are 
easily detected by their bright honey-yellow colour and their strong 
perfume, resembling that of privet-fiowers ; a very common species. 
^ Puccinia Lapsanae (Fckl.) on Lapsana communis (Linn.), Common 
Nipplewort. The blackish-brown sori of the teleutospores near Wilton 
Water in August; a very common rust. 

T 2 



268 East Wilts Rust Fungi. 

P. Taraxaci (Plowr.) on Taraxacum officinale (Weber), Dandelion. The 
brown sori of the teleutospores in September near Savernake Station 
(G.W.R.) ; rather common. 

P. Chondrillae (Cord.) on Lactuca muralis (Gaertn), Wall lettuce. The 
blackish-brown sori of the teleutospores at Rivar Firs in September ; an 
uncommon species. 

G oleosporium Sonchi (Lev.) on Sonchus arvensls (Linn.), Corn Sow-thistle. 
The waxy-red crusts of the sori of the teleutospores plentiful in a cornfield 
near Newtown Shalbourne at the end of August, also near Wilton, etc., 
rather common in the district ; a not uncommon rust, a heteroecious species, 
the aecidia occurring on Scotch Fir {Pinus sylvestris). 

G. Euphrasiae{^mt.) on Euphrasia q^a>ia^zs(Linn.),Common Eyebright. 
The small fiat roundish red sori of the teleutospores near Bedwyn Brails in 
September, where they also occurred on Bartsia Odontites (Muds.), Red 
Bartsia ; a very common species. 

Puccinia Menthae (Pers.) on Mentha arvensis (Linn.) Corn Mint. In 
Bedwyn Brails in October and on M. aquatica (Linn.), Water Mint, on 
Stokke Common in November, the dark-brown sori of the teleutospores ; 
very common on garden mint {M. viridis), rather common on some of the 
other species. 

P. Glechomatis (DC) on Nepeta hederacea (Trev), Ground Ivy. The dark- 
brown sori of the teleutospores nearSavernakeStation(G. W.R.)inSeptember; 
a not uncommon rust. 

P. Betonicae (DC) on Stachys officinalis (Trev.), Betony. The dark-brown 
sori of the teleutospores in June upon plants in one place on Burridge 
Heath, Great Bedwyn ; an uncommon plant. 

P. annularis (Schl.) on Teucrium Scorodonia (Linn.), Wood Sage. The 
rusty brown sori of the teleutospores in one place in Birch Copse, Savernake 
Forest, in August ; uncommon. 

Uromyces Rumicis ( Wint.) on a species of Rumex in Chisbury Wood, the 
dark cinnamon-coloured sori of the teleutospores in September ; I cannot 
quite remember the host, it may have been R. sanguineus var. viridis 
(Sibth.) ; a common uredine. 

Puccinia Acetosae (Korn.) on Rumex Acetosa (Linn.), Sorrel. The brown 
sori of the teleutospores occurred on the under surface of the leaves of the 
Common Sorrel between Chisbury Wood and Chisbury Lane {teste E. W. 
Swanton) ; Grove's " British Rust Fungi " gives only three records for this 
plant, Maiden (Yorks.), Bewdley (Worcester), and Ireland, co. Antrim. 

P. Thesii (Chaill.) on Thesium humifusum (DC), Bastard Toadflax. The 
orange aecidia, which are between cylindrical and cup-shaped, with a white 
torn recurved margin, and are very pretty under the lens, in late spring on 
the downs near Alton Barnes ; this is supposed to be a rare rust, but a 
correspondent suggests that it is the host that is rare and not the rust, the 
latter occurring wherever the Thesium is found. 

Melampsora Euphorhiae (Cast.) on Euphorbia Peplus (Linn.), Petty 
Spurge. The bright orange sori of the uredospores common on waste 
ground at Great Bedwyn in September, and also plentiful in the surrounding 
cornfields on E. exigua (Linn.), Dwarf Spurge ; a very common rust. 






By Cecil P. Hurst. 269 

Endophylhim Euphorhiae-silvaticae (Wint.) on Euphorbia amygdaloides 
(Linn), Wood Spurge. The orange sori of the teleutospores in August in 
Birch Copse, Savernake Forest, and also in Ghisbury Wood ; W. B. Grove 
states the affected shoots are taller than the normal ones with shorter, 
wider, and paler leaves ; rather uncommon. 

Melampsora Rostrupii (Wagn.). The bright orange aecidia onMercurialis 
perennis (Linn.), Dog's Mercury, in Foxbury Wood about the end of April ; 
the orange sori of the uredospores near Burridge Heath on Po2mlus tremula 
(Linn.), theAspen ; a hetercecious rust. 

Melampsoridium hetulinum (Kleb.) on Betula alha (Linn.), Common 
Birch. The orange sori of the uredospores very common on the under 
surface of birch leaves from August onwards in Savernake Forest, etc. ; 
a hetercecious rust, the aecidia of which occur on Larix europaea (Larch), 
they are very rare everywhere and have not been found in Britain ; the 
orange clusters of the uredospores under birch leaves are a familiar object 
in the Forest in autumn. 

Melampsora Larici epitea (Fisch.) on »S'a/z^ triandra var. Hoffmanniana 
(Sm.), Almond or French Willow. The orange sori of the uredospores on 
willows by the Canal between Great Bedwyn and Crofton ; the uredo and 
teleutospores occur on many species of willow; the aecidiospores grow on 
the Larch ( Larix europaea) earlier in the year ; a very complex species which 
has been divided into eight biological races. 

M. AlUi-fragilis on Salix triandra var. Hoff'manniana (Sm.), Almond, or 
French Willow. The orange sori of the uredospores near the Kennet and 
Avon Canal at Oakhill, Froxfield, in July ; the aecidospores occur on the 
Onion {Allium Cepa), Wild Garlic (^. Ursinum) a^nd other species of Allium 
earlier in the year ; this rust was kindly named by Mr. J. Ramsbothom, of 
the British Museum. 

M- Rihesii- purpureas (Kleb.) on Salix purpurea (Linn.), Purple Osier. 
The orange sori of the uredospores on the north side of the Canal at Great 
Bedwyn in August ; the bright orange colour of the spore-clusters contrasted 
very prettily with the glaucous blue of the willow leaves. 

M. Larici- Capr ear um (Kleb.) on 8alix Gaprea (Linn.), Goat Willow. 
The orange sori of the uredospores in Bedwyn Brails in July, the aecidiospores 
are found on Larch {Larix europaea) earlier in the year ; the commonest 
species of Melampsora. 

M. Larici-populina (Kleb.) on Populus nigra (Linn.), Black Poplar. The 
orange sori of the uredospores in Foxbury Wood in August ; an uncommon 
rust. 

P'Mcc^ma/r^G?^s (Wallr.) on Iris f(Btidissima{'L\x\\\.),Yet\<i Iris, or Gladdon. 
The reddish-brown sori of the uredospores in November in Hatchet Lane, 
Great Bedwyn ; the sori were numerous and were seated on conspicuous 
oblong yellowish spots which made the Iris leaves look remarkably varie- 
gated. 

P. oblongata (Wint.) on Luzula pilosa (Willd.), Hairy Woodrush. The 
blackish- brown sori of the teleutospores in October in Bedwyn Brails ; the 
uredospores occur from May to July on the same plant. 

P. Caricis (Reb.) on Cat^ex acutiformis (Ehrh.), Marsh Sedge. The 



270 East Wilts Rust Fungi. 

pale-brown sori of the uredospores on sedges at Oakhill, Ramsbury, etc., the 
very common nettle and sedge rust, a good example of a heteroecious species. 
The teleutospores of this plant germinate after the winter's rest ; they succeed 
most easily during April ; they may be found on new or old species of 
Garex all the year round ; the aecidia form yellow swellings from April to 
June on the stems and leaves of the Common Nettle ( Urtica dioica), which 
are often very large and cause great distortion ; it is almost in vain to look 
for these swellings (aecidia) on the Nettle except in the vicinity of water 
where sedges are growing, but where such a conjunction occurs, the parasite 
may often be found upon both hosts in abundance every year. 

P. glumarum (Er. et Henn.) on Hordeum vulgare (Linn.), Common 
Barley. The yellow sori of the uredospores near Chisbury Wood in August ; 
a well-known plant, called Spring Rust from its early appearance and 
Yellow Rust from the bright yellow colour of the uredospores. 

Of the above iMWgi.Puceinia Malvacearum is the much dreaded Hollyhock 
Rust which has caused so mu^h dam?;,t t^ hollyhocks in English gardens. 
It differs from other rusts in the simplicity of its life-history and also in 
the fact that it is not confined (as almost all the others are) to one kind of 
plant but appears, so far as is known at present, to range over the greater 
part of a sub-family. It has been found on over fifty species belonging to 
nearly all the genera of the sub-family Malveae, a division of the Malvaceae, 
or Mallow Natural Order, and is especially frequent on the Common Mallow 
{Malva sylvestris), the Musk Mallow {M, Moschata), and on the Holly- 
hock {Althaea rosea) which belong to this Natural Order. The clusters of 
teleutospores appear in spring as thick round hard pale reddish cushions 
on every green part of the plant and produce basidiospores which can cause 
fresh infection and so the disease spreads rapidly. It is most active about 
the end of summer and has often been the causo of a serious epidpmic 
among the more susceptible kinds of hollyhock. 

The chief means of preventing the disease (apart from using seed from 
uninfected plants) is to gather and burn all dead leaves from the infected bed. 
When the disease does appear, spraying with Bordeaux mixture is the best 
remedy against its spreading. It is the very young shoots that require 
spraying ; although the pustules appear chiefly on the lower surface of the 
leaves, there can be little doubt that infection by the basidiospores takes 
place mainly through the upper surface. 



Addenda. 

The following rust fungi were observed near Great Bedwyn during March 
and April, 1921 :— 

TJromyces, Ficariae (Lev.). The chocolate-brown teleutospore-sori on 
Ranunculus Ficaria (Linn.), the Lesser Celandine, in Ivy House garden in 
the village ; a very common rust. 

Uromyces Poae (Raben). The cup-shaped, yellow aecidia with torn 
recurved margin, rather common on Ranunculus Ficaria on the south side 
of the Kennet and Avon Canal between Great Bedwyn and Fewsey and 
also near Rivar. 






By Cecil P, H^irst. 271 

Phragmidium Fragariastri (Schrot.). The bright orange caeomata on 
Potentilla sterilis (Garcke), the Barren Strawberry, in the brickwork of the 
wall on the south side of the garden of Tottenham House, Savernake 
Forest, on the 5th Feb., 1921, a very early record. Mr. Carleton Rea tells 
me he has never seen this rust before March, and attributes its early ap- 
pearance to the mild weather of the previous month. 

Puccinia Hypochoeridis (Oud.). The brown uredospores and teleutospores 
on the under-surface of the leaves of Hypochoeris radicata (Linn.), Long- 
rooted Cats'-Ear, near Folly Farm, and London Ride, Savernake Forest, 
on the 5th and 6th April, 1921 ; Mr. Carleton Rea wrote : — "I was certainly 
very much surprized to find your sori contained both teleutospores and 
uredospores of Fucc. Hypochoeridis, and agree with you it is abnormally 
early for them. I should consider the teleutospores minately rough, 
especially on the upper portion. I presume this very early season will give 
us many interesting records." Mr, J. Eamsbothom tells me he has had 
this fungus in May (1915), and says the teleutospores are quite common. 

Puccinia Primulae (Dubp). The orange aecidia with a broad much-cut 
revolute white margin, in some quantity on the under-surface of the leaves 
of Primula vulgaris (Linn.) Common Primrose, in Bedwyn Brails Wood, 
on 8th April ; an uncommon rust. 

Uromyces Scillaruni (Wint.). The dark-brown teleutospore-sori on the 
leaves of Scilla non-scripta (Hoffmgg. k Link.), Common Bluebell, in 
Bedwyn Brails and Wilton Brails Woods; a common species. 

Puccinia Phalaridis (Plowr.). The honey-coloured spermogones and 
yellow aecidia on the under-surface of the leaves oiArum maculatU7n(Linn,) , 
Common Lords and Ladies, sparingly on the south side of the Kennet and 
Avon Canal near Great Bedwyn ; Mr. Kamsbothom tells me that this rust, 
which is supposed to be infrequent, is common in Surrey, and adds:— "It 
is quite surprizing how at a place like Minehead the 'rare' rusts on Ferns 
^re exceedingly common, and say, Fucciniastrum Circeae, abundant in 
Surrey is replaced by Puccinia Circeae almost entirely." 

About a rust which I found growing on the leaves of Banunculus acris 
<Linn.), Upright Meadow Crowfoot, on the south side of the Kennet and 
Avon Canal between Savernake and Wootton Rivers, Mr. Ilamsbothom 
wrote: — "Your fungus is the aecidium of either Uromyces Dactylidis or 
Puccinia perplexans. It is apparently impossible to distinguish between 
these species except by growing on the alternate hosts. The latter is very 
uncommon — the host being Alopecurus jwatensis, Foxtail Grass." The 
^bove rust was also rather common on buttercup leaves at Oakhill, Frox- 
iield, in water meadows. 



272 

EOMAN" WANBOEOUGH. 

By A. D. Passmore. 

In the year 43 A.D, the Claudian Conquest began and by the middle of 
the first century Wiltshire was conquered and being used as a basal district 
supporting the armies on the frontiers of the Welsh tribes and those who 
under various names were defending their national existence in the centre 
of the country. This hazardous warfare in a strange land demanded good 
roads and there can be little doubt that one of the earliest of the great 
Roman roads to the West of England is the line Londinium, Calleva, 
Spinae, Corinium, aiming at and eventually reaching the Severn and the 
Welsh borders at Glevum. This road (Iter XIII.) enters Wiltshire at a point 
S.E. of Baydon and continuing to the N.W. reaches Wanborough Plain,, 
two miles after that place. Here still remains a fine section of the old road 
on the open down. Taking a fresh direction it passes Fox Hill and de- 
scending into the valley at Callas Hill proceeds thence direct to Gloucester^ 
As the conquest gradually pushed its way to the west it would be found 
that the oversea traffic of war stores from Gaul could more profitably (to 
save road transport) be diverted from the usual Gessoriacum — Dubris route 
to Portus Magnus, which would necessitate a new road to the N. This 
road, unfortunately not included in the Antonine Itinerary, proceeds to 
Venta Belgarum and entering Wilts east of Ludgershall (Chute Causeway), 
crosses Savernake Forest, and passing the Kennet at Cunetio, runs over 
the high downs to Ogbourne Station. Here, covered by the modern road,, 
it continues N. to Common Head, at the junction of the Swindon and 
Liddington — Chiseldon Koads, where a fine piece of the old road still exists. 
Here taking to the fields its course can be traced by a hollow caused by the 
removal of its top layers of stone and gravel. Joining Wick Lane, it again 
runs under the modern road for a short distance, after which it may be 
seen just over the hedge on the W. side. It then crosses Covenham Farm 
(the house stands on it) and a few yards further on joins the way from the 
E. described above. A study of the last-mentioned line proves that it was 
at first aimed directly at Cirencester, but at Cunetio it takes a more easterly 
course and again inclines to that direction at a spot in Plough Hill, Chiseldon. 
There can be little doubt that Wanborough was in existence at the time 
this road was made, the original line being altered to include it. All the 
evidence seems to prove that by the middle of the first century two im- 
portant Roman roads met at Covenham Farm, Lower Wanborough ; and 
here, immediately below the high downs and at an elevation of just over 
300 feet O.D. on the clay soil, formerly stood a large Roman town, occupied, 
as pottery and coins prove, from the first century to the end of the Roman 
occupation, and covering a considerable part of the farms of Covenham, 
Lotmead, and Nythe. Historically this is one of the most interesting spots 
in Wilts, as, apart from the Roman remains, it was an important place in 
early Saxon times, as witnessed by the destruction of Ceawlin and his 



Roman Wanborough. 273 

army, and again in 715 it was the scene of another desperate battle. These 
important happenings still linger in tradition, and the old inhabitants tell 
many tales of the terrible fighting of old times, while as a corroboration of 
the importance of their town in bygone days they will add the information 
that there were ten Churches in the " old city." 

Beyond a few irregularities in the ground, a difference in the vegetation 
in dry seasons, and the way the snow lies in winter, there is now nothing 
to be seen, but each turn of the spade in undisturbed ground brings forth 
a relic of Roman times. 

The name of the station is unfortunately lost through a copyist's error in 
a transcript of the " Itinerarium Antonini Augusti," where in Iter XIII. 
a station has been missed out, and the entry given as M.P.H. XV. from 
. Durocornovia to Spinae, should have been placed against the unknown name 
of Wanborough, and not against Spinae, which is 34 miles distant. This 
is proved by the total mileage of the whole Iter, stated at the head of the 
column, agreeing with the collective distances between stations, as suggested 
above. Unfortunately Hoare, following Leman, allocates the name "Nidum" 
to Wanborough, and the mistake is still carried on by the Ordnance 
Survey in their latest maps. As the station of Nidum is in another Iter, 
and probably situated in Wales, it is obvious that its attribution to the 
Wilts site is not to be seriously considered. Regarding the lost name, it 
may be, that as in so many other cases, the modern names may still hold as a 
survival some elements of the Roman title. In this connection the name 
Covingham is suggestive. The only reason for attaching the title of Nidum 
to the site appears to be the modern name "Nythe," which is certainly 
curious. 

In the seventeenth century Aubrey mentions Wanborough and states 
that coins, ruins of houses, and black ashes were found, also that in 1689 
two thousand coins were discovered in an earthen pot, all of Emperors who 
lived in the first two centuries. (He obtained these and lost them in a short 
time. One morning both the coins and his man were reported absent.) 
Tradition places the finding of these coins at " Customs Gap." For some 
years I have watched various diggings on this site, and have questioned 
everyone who has a knowledge of the ground and these observations prove 
that the area over which relics are found is roughly 1300 X 500 yards, an 
area which indicates a large and important station. 

It may be as well at this point to dispose of the only objection so far 
raised to the placing of the missing station at Lower Wanborough. Gordon 
Hills,' tentatively followed by Codrington,- lays stress on the finding of a 
few coins and much rough pottery immediately N.of North Farm, Aldbourne, 
and a few yards west of the junction of the Baydon, Swindon, and Aldbourne 

^ Journ. Brit. Arch. Assoc, vol. 37, also vol. for 1878. 

- See Codrington " Roman Roads" 3rd edit., p. 280 and 281. (The name 
Nidum must be rejected, because it occurs in another Iter (12). Referring 
to Wales and some parts of the S.W. of England, this Iter is evidently in 
a mixed-up state, and one cannot make any sense of it, but Nidum is 
probably in S. Wales, it therefore cannot be the name of Wanborough.) 



274 Roman Wanborough. 

Roads, on the S. Side of Wanborough Plain. The origin of his remarks 
was certain letters written by our late member, Mr. W. Chandler, who lived 
on this site, and who had from time to time found Roman coins and pottery 
with several late fibulae at a spot known as Popplechurch.^ Here, scattered 
over a large area, are numerous fragments of purely native Romano-British 
pottery of the commonest varieties. After many hours spent at this place 
(sometimes accompanied by Mr. Chandler) the writer failed to find a single 
piece of terra sigillata, although the sherds of the above-mentioned pottery 
are common. From time to time rough foundations, composed of small 
sarsen stones and flints, without mortar, are unearthed by the plough, 
though, as far as can be observed, there is no evidence of their date. The 
relics from the whole site, which is probably but an ofifshoot from the great 
Romano-British village at Upham, are indicative of a native population, 
the Romanized descendants of the earlier Celtic Britons still living on their 
native highlands as their ancestors did, in a cold and bleak district unsuitable 
ior their masters, who had their town in the lowlands to the north at an 
elevation 200ft. lower. It cannot be too strongly insisted on that the finding 
of inferior relics of Roman age are not sufficient evidence that the Romans 
themselves or their auxiliaries lived on the spot where the relics are found. 
The natives were of course eager to obtain coins and pottery of civilised 
manufacture by barter or trade, which becoming broken would be thrown 
on the rubbish heaps of their villages. Parallel circumstances have often 
been noticed by the writer in Afghanistan and the Himalayan Foothills, 
where fragments of imperishable articles of European, American, and 
Japanese manufacture are lying about in districts where but few Europeans 
have ever been and probably no members of the two latter races. We must 
conclude that the placing of the site of the station at Popplechurch by Hills 
was founded on a slender knowledge of the ground and want of local informa- 
tion, and that he was mistaken. A fact amounting to proof confirming the 
former existence of the Roman station at the area now covered by Covingham, 
Lotmead, andNythe Farms, at Lower Wanborough, is that at Wanborough 
Plain there is no discoloration of the soil, as is invariably seen in ground 
whereon formerly stood a Iloman town ; whereas in trial holes which I 
have examined at the three farms at Lower Wanborough there is at the 
bottom blue undisturbed Kimmeridge Clay, then a line of thin mould, then 
stone and rubble foundations, and above all a thick layer of rich dark earth, 
in many places two feet thick, containing pottery, bones, and ashes, the sign 
of long and continuous human occupation. On the N.E. side of the 
modern road (Lotmead) the Roman foundations have been dug up for 
repairing roads and gateways. This process has been going on for 200 years 
for certain and probably much longer. Unfortunately the record of this 
digging is lost. Beyond picking up coins nothing else was cared for unless 
it had a use or was of some intrinsic value. The ancient walls are built of 
€oral rag probably obtained from Blunsdon. with a sprinkling of Swindon 
stone from the Roman quarry at Westlecott Road.^ Squared stones are 

' Wilts Arch. Mag., vol. xxviii, p. 263. 
2 A. D. Passmore, Roman Swindon. Wilts Arch. Mag., xxxviii., 41—47. 






By A. D. Fassmore. 275 

■rare, the greater part having been probed for and carried off to supply the 
■medieval builder. Still, worked and moulded stones a yard across' have 
been found but immediately destroyed. One was the left-hand top corner 
•of an inscription broken in such a way that the only remaining letter could 
be seen to be either F or R. Round querns and pieces of milstone grit are 
often found. 

A careful examination of the whole site reveals the fact that the area of 
black earth is in part enclosed by a system of ditches, which, while having 
nothing in common with the present field boundaries, roughly coincide with 
the division of the black earth area and that of the brown. Outside the limits 
of the settlement the soil is everywhere brown and not black. The ditch is 
best seen on the S. side of Covingham Farm House, where it encloses 
the angle between the two roads. On the N.E. side there are several 
hollows running from the brook to the N.W. as far as Wimboran Field. 
The S.W. boundary is apparently marked by a hollow which stretches in a 
straight line across Great Furlong Field. The black area is outlined on the 
map by a dotted line. Only excavation can show what these ditches really 
are, and but for the above mentioned colour of the earth they would not 
have been mentioned. However the clay soil of the old bank and ditch 
which doubtless once existed to protect the town would soon crumble and 
silt up, leaving but little trace to-day. 

The two Roman reads meet at a spot marked by several rough banks, the 
actual junction being at the letter O of the word Roman in O.M. Sheet 
XVI., N.W., 2nd Edit., 1900, 6 inch reprint 100/14, and between Covingham 
Farm House and the Stratton — Wanborough Road. The modern Road 
stands on the Roman oiie, through Wanborough till reaching Wanborough 
House near B.M. 315.6. where the former swerves to the east, while the 
latter continues its straight course through the old station, where its line is 
plainly seen marked by a hollow through two fields, and joins the modern 
road again near "Customs Gap." About seventy years ago the whole of 
this road was dug up for the stone ; hence the hollow. Curiously enough 
a piece 25 yards long is left in the " Nine Acres." The small stream which 
flows east through the area under discussion is ordinarily quite shallow, 
but on the Lotmead side, where it seems to mark the southern boundary of 
the Roman town, it suddenly deepens to nine feet in places, and while in 
all the rest of its course it is exceedingly tortuous and shallow, here it is 
deep and straight. 

The four fields," Rookery," "Upper and Lower Stall Grounds," at Lotmead, 
and the "Nine Acres" at Covingham, are the most important part of the 
station. Tn this area the soil is exceedingly black and thick with ridges 
and hollows full of lioman foundations. It seems that the principal part 
of the town was at this spot, aud that the spread of the settlement to the 
N. and S. and parallel with the so-called Ermine Street, contained the more 
humble portion, which has left no apparent foundations. 

A bronze gilt fibula, not illustrated, in the possession of Dr. Maclean, of 
Swindon, is of the peculiar double or split bowed type which has occurred 
at Corstopitum (four examples), and other English sites, and is illustrated 
from Germany. It is 57 m.m. long and seems to be exactly the same size 



276 Boman Wanhorough. 

as the one illustrated in Corstopitum Report for 1908, the present specimen 
being slightly more perfect at the head. There is therefore a slight differ- 
ence in length. The bow is hollow, and has been backed with a soft metal 
which as far as I am able to determine is pewter. The pin is missing. See 
Almgren, '' NordeMrop. Fihelformen,'' Fig. 189. Also Arch. Ael, VI., 225. 
There is a very similar fibula from Richborough, in the British Museum, 
" Deposited by Lady E. Kent Farquhar." 

The following are merely casual finds, picked up in ditches, post holes, 
and the like : my thanks are due to the various owners for kind permission 
to describe them. I am also grateful to Messrs. Thomas, Whitworth, 
Wiseman, and Vincent, for the very kind way in which they have allowed 
me to explore their several fields ; and to Mr. I. Kean, who has for many 
years been interested in Roman Wanborough, and from whose great local 
knowledge I have gained much information which otherwise would have 
been lost. 

Pottery. 
Some hundreds of pieces have been studied from this site, ranging from 
fine Samian ware to the roughest native products, and including much date- 
able material, showing that the station was inhabited from the 1st century 
onwards to the end of the Roman occupation. The greater part is of foreign 
manufacture, and beyond a few rough pots of early forms the native wares 
seem not to have been greatly in use till the 3rd century. Potters' stamps 
are rare, and occur unfortunately in only five cases. The forms of Samian 
determinable are 15/17, 18/31, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 45, and 81. That this 
ware was much valued is indicated in several cases by the use of lead rivets 
to repair broken bowls. 

Samian Ware (Terra Sigillata). 

1. Bowl (half) form 37, central medallion containing a hippocampus 
(Dechelette, 34)' to r. Figure of Venus, Dech ; 179. A., who thus describes 
it :— " Venus half nude, standing. In the left (? right) hand she holds her 
peplum, in the other hand an oval mirror in which she contemplates her 
face." To 1. caryatid figure (Dech. 1098) enclosed by beaded lines ending in 
rings. Beyond these, demi-medallions containing a stag, below small 
medallions containing a male head. Lezoux early second century. 

2. Half of bowl, F. 37. With vine leaf (Dech. 1168) and medallions 
containing a bird with wings expanded vertically (Dech. 1010). The 
parts divided by a long winding scroll, ligatured (? retrograde) name of 
" PATE LINUS" on side below medallion. Lezoux 2nd century (early). 

Bowl Form 81 (Walters) 7 inches in diameter, base missing, late 2nd cent. 

Footstand of Form 33, stamped ATILIAN". O, Lezoux of the 2nd cent. 

Base of bowl stamped SIIXTI. There are three potters named Sextus, 
the ware seems to be late and of common texture, and should be attributed 
to Rheinzabern. 

Fragment of bowl F. 37. Demi medallion containing pigmy warrior 

^ Dechelette " Les Vases Ceramiques ornes de la Gaule Romaine." 



By A. D. Passmore. 277 

(Dech. 437 A). Thick cable border, divided from remaining ornamentation 
by wavy lines. 

Base of bowl, F. 37, stamped DONV. probably DONNAVOVS, a.d. 80 
to 120. 

Base of bowl. Form 31. Stamp CIN (broken) may be CINTUSSA. 

Fragments of rim of bowl, F. 29, of fine hard glossy surface. Southern 
Gaulish of the 1st cent. 

Coarse Wares. 

Half of bowl of Decadent Samian, like Form 81, but with no groove 
towards base, 7i inches diam., 4 inches high, at greatest diameter row of 
indentations (small) alternately divided by two vertical lines of impressed 
squares, (greatest number 12) 4th cent. (Ladder pattern.) 

Large neck of flagon with two overhanging beads at neck, of light brown 
paste, 3i inches in diameter. Form of the 1st cent. Illustrated in Hengi'st- 
bury Head Report.^ 

Fragment of beaker, fine hard grey fumed ware, upper part decorated with 
small studs of clay arranged in lozenge-shaped groups. Of early date. 

As last, but ornamented with oblong patches of impressed small square 
dots, horizontally in rows of twenty. 

Cream body with red painted ornamentation of New Forest type, and of 
late period. Represented by several fragments. 

Neck of a very large amphora, interior diam. 3 inches, pinkish red, two 
handles. Imported. 

Fragment of large and very thick tile, stamp XII. Also part of mutilated 
inscription (?). 

Face of square hypocaust tile, border of five scored lines all round, the 
same carried once across the field. Inside X, raised, b^ inches square. 

Many fragments of late imitation of Samian, one piece bears a raised 
band with (?) quarter rosettes similar to Fig, I, Plate II., "Pottery from 
the Mildenhall Well " ( Wilts Arch. Mag., xli., 156). Others have dots and 
larger pieces of white slip, probably New Forest ware. 

Many large pieces of flat-rimmed almost square-sided flat pans or cooking 
pots of 1st century types. 

Rim of mortarium, F. 45, imitation of Samian, 52 mm. wide. 

Iron Objects. 

A-hipposandal of large size 11 X 5^ inches. These curious objects have 
given rise to great discussion and on the evidence of some found on or near 
the feet of a skeleton^ of a horse recent opinion agrees that the name ex- 
presses their true use. Reluctant as one is to fly in the face of authority 
it may be said that the conclusion is open to very grave doubt. No horse 
could possibly move with such footwear without inflicting severe wounds 
on himself. They might have been used to logger a horse to prevent 

' ""Excavations at Hengisthury Ilead^' Bushe-Fox, PI. XXV. 1. 
^ From Granges, Canton de Vaud, Switzerland. See " Seine Inferieure." 
Abbe Cochet, p. 338. 



278 



Roman Wanhorough. 



straying, but were certainly not used in the ordinary way as shoes. A well- 
known veterinary surgeon has examined this specimen and agrees with the- 
above objection, adding that as regards the front foot, " if this object wa& 
worn as a shoe no horse could move faster than a walk, and even then there- 
would be grave risk of injury." 
Three iron cleats.^ 




I 



Iron Hipposandal and Cleats. Wanborough. ^. 

Coins. 

Many coins have been sent to me from time to time for determination » 
Of these a careful record has been kept. I have also, by the kindness of 
the owners had access to several collections, the contents of which are 
stated with the others below. 

Generally speaking the coins are in very bad condition, and are in nearly 
all cases of bronze. Owing 'to some peculiarity of the soil they turn a 
whitish green colour, and the surface goes to powder. They range from 
the 1st cent, B.C. to 395 A.D., and with the exception of a gap of about 
fifty years at the beginning of the 3rd century practically cover the whole 

^ Cat. of Ant. in Museum at Devizes, II., PI. 63— Nos. 5 and 7. 



m 



-rc;> 






W/A^ 




Extent of the Roman Settlement at Lower Wan borough. 

the Ordnance Survey Map. with the sanction of the Controller of H.M. Stationery Office. Bemrose & Som. Ltd., Printers. 




Roman Objects from Wanborough. 



By A. D Passmore, 279^ 

of the Roman period. As the site of the town at Wanborough is all grass 
land, coins are not obtained in such quantities as in the case of Roman 
stations under the plough. The following families and emperors are 
represented : — 

Censorinus Faustina Licinius 

Satrienus L. Verus Constantine 

Octavius Commodus Crispus 

Valerianus Helena 

Claudius Gallienus Constans 

Nero Claudius Decentius 

Galba Postumus Valens 

Domitian Victorinus Valentinianus 

Trajan Maximianus Gratianus 

Had*rian Carausius Theodosius I. 

Antoninus Allectus 

The most remarkable are the two consular coins dating from 87 and 77 B.C. 
They must have been over one hundred years old at the Claudian Conquest, 
and would hardly be in circulation at that time and as there is no sign of 
anything pre-Claudian on the ground it must be concluded that they were 
brought by the Romans themselves. An Antonine second brass bears the 
well-known device and legend of Britannia. 

Nero. Ae. 1, Decursio type. Ae. 2, the Macellum. 

Another, on the obverse, head of the emperor to left in the neck of which 
is a square punch mark bearing the letters P.C. A unique type. 

The Map, 

The area of black earth is bounded by the dotted line. 

1. Well with paved way leading to it from Roman road.^ 

2. Hollow filled up, probably a well. 

3. Small circular enclosure surrounded by a bank. 
1 4. Large hollow. 

I 5. Large foundation, known as " The Prison " by men employed on the 
farm. 

6. Ditch connecting the two Roman roads, earth very black inside this. 

7. Line of Roman road through fields. 

8. Skeletons found in hedgerow, no relics with them. 

9. " Customs Gap." 

Plate L— Roman Objects feom Wanborough, all full size. 

1. Bronze shield-shaped pendant (?for harness). The front surface is 
rough and has never been enamelled or ornamented, the back has a pro- 
jecting block. 

j 2. Stem of a bronze ligula or spatula, the bowl or blade broken off. The 
specimen is bent but is shown in the drawing as straight. 

3. Bronzed hinged fibula inscribed AVCISSA, of early 1st century. 

4. Bronze mount for strap ? or furniture, pierced with two holes. 
6. Pin and spring of bronze fibula of La Tene III. type. 

^ Hoare, " Ancierit Wilts,'' Vol. II. 



280 Roman Wanhorough, 

6. Bow and spring of similar fibula. 

7. Bow of bronze fibulaC?) with feather ornament and two dotted circles. 

8. Bow of bronze hinge pin fibula, with parallel ridges on bow and round 
knob at foot. 

9. Small bronze nail cleaner. 

10. Thin bronze plate doubled over and ending in a hook, part of sheath 
for covering the cutting edge of an axe (?). This would prevent the edge 
cutting the clothes of the soldier carrying the axe (used as entrenching 
tools). See Wroxeter Excavations Beport, \914:, Plate XX. Curie, ]}^ew- 
stead, 279. 

11. Shuttle- shaped bead, flat or slightly concave on one side, convex on 
the other, bored transversely with two holes, beautifully made. Apparently 
for a bracelet or necklace. Similar to the Bronze Age necklaces of 
amber plates. The material is doubtful — ? a very close-grained shale or 
lignite. 

12. Bone dice, with flat faces, narrow sides, and dotted circles, 5 and 6 
on the faces, 3 and 4 on the sides. Very well made and perfect, but it is 
difiicult to see how it could have been used as a dice. 

13. Small bone pendant ? Or broken end of spatula ? 

Bibliography. 

Aubrey & Jackson, Wilts Collections, p. 194. 

Hoare, Ancient Wilts, Vol. II. Map of roads and plan of station. 

W. Moxvi^, Wanhorough. Reprint of newspaper articles from Swindon 
Advertiser. A few words about the site. Some readings of coins, mostly 
inaccurate. 

Binney. Proc. Soc. Antiq . xxvi., p. 209. Notice of examination of 
postholes on Nythe Farm. 

Wilts Arch. Mag.^ xi., 96 ; xxv., 192 ; xxx., 96. 



MAP TO 1LI.135 I KATL THE ANGLO-SAXON BOUNDS OF BEDWYN AND BURBACE.A.D. 778.961. AND 968 




Modern parish boundaries 
J^9J^O"b6undaries, wherethey 
\dirrer from- modern ones 
(Boundaries of ancient en~ 
yclosures (parks or woods) 
Roman Roads 
^_ Other ancient roads 
««^^ OJeq Saxon Names 

Contours 



281 



THE ANGLO-SAXON BOUNDS OF BEDWYN AND 
BDEBAGE. 

By O. G. S. Ceawfoed. 

The bounds described below refer to the modern parishes of Great and 

Little Bedwyn, Grafton, Tidcombe,Burbage,and North and South Savernake, 

and the manor of Wexcombe. In A.D, 968 the greater part of this area 

(with the exception of Little Bedwyn) was a single unit, made up of the 

. following manors and hamlets : — 

(1.) The Manor of Great Bedwyn, an important valley settlement, the 
metropolis of Oissa.^ 

Cyssa was the uncle of Hean, the reputed founder of Abingdon Abbey 
in A.D. 675. The story of Cissa and of his making Chisbury Camp is 
probably a pure invention. The camp is almost certainly prehistoric, 
probably an " oppidum " of the La Tene period. 

(2.) A group of manors situated round the head waters of the Bedwyn 
stream and its tributaries, consisting of Wilton, East Grafton, West 
Grafton or Wickham, (?) Marten and Crofton, with the outlying manors of 
Tidcombe and Wexcombe. 

Marten grew up at the crossing place of two important roads, that from 
Hungerford to .Salisbury, and the Roman Boad from Marlborough to 
Winchester. A branch of the Pewsey herepath came from East Grafton 
to Marten, doubtless leading into the Winchester Road. Marten was 
sufficiently important to be defended by a moat, and there is a mound here 
which may be a castle mound. 

Wexcombe lay on the Hungerford— Salisbury Road. Tidcombe lay at 
the meeting-place of several roads, where a branch left the Roman Road 
for the settlements of the upper Test Valley. ,' 

The point where the Pewsey herepath branched was at Kinwardstone 
Farm, the main route turning slightly north and making for Shalbourne, 
Inkpen, the Woodhays, and the Clere district in Hampshire. Wilton lay 
on this route where it crosses the Roman Road. The Manor of West Grafton 
probably lay a little south of the village. Here are some houses without 
any name on the map. From the field-names close by, Wick's Mead (1792) 
and Wickham (about 1810), and from the presence there of earthworks and 
ditches of an indeterminate character, it is safe to infer that the manor lay 
here, just on the watershed, at the source of one of the tributaries of the 
Collingbourne. 

' " Regnante Kinuino, rege West-Saxonum, erat quidam nobilis vir Cyssa 
nomine, et hie erat regulus, in cujus dominio erat Wiltesire, et pars maxima 
de Berksire. Et quia habebat in dominio suo episcopalem sedem in 
Malmesbiria, regulus appellabatur. Metropolis vero urbs regni ipsius erat 
Bedeuuinde. In australi etiam parte urbis construxit castellum quod ex 
nomine suo Cyssebui vocabatur," (Abingdon Chron., ii., 1858, p. 268.) 
VOL. XLI, — NO. CXXXIV. U 



282 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Burhage. 

(3.) Burbage consisted of three manors, East Court, West Court, and 
the Manor Farm. They are called the manors of " Burbage Uarrells, 
Burbage Esturmye, and Burbage Savage" in an Inq. p.m. of 1626 {Wilts 
Inq. p.m. p. 24), but I do not know how to allocate the respective names. 
These manors grew up on the watershed (called hurg beces in the bounds) 
where it is traversed from west to east by a branch of the Pewsey herepath 
leading to Bedwyn. The herepath still survives in Glide's Lane and 
Harry's Lane. Burbage thus grew up at the meeting place of roads of 
importance. Now it consists of a long string of cottages lying in a north 
and south line along the Marlborough— Salisbury Road. These cottages 
are all fairly ancient. 

(4,) The squatters' hamlets of Leigh Hill, Durley, and Ram Alley. 

I do not propose to discuss the relation of all these manors to the later 
creation of Savernake Forest. I hope, however, to do so in a separate work. 
The forest appears to have been formed out of the waste of the surrounding 
manors. 

Little Bedwyn consisted of the village of Little Bedwyn and some outlying 
farms. The date when these were made is not clear, and some of thenamay 
have been made after the Conquest. The principal ones are Stock (which 
alone is certainly pre-Conquest), Chisbury, Horsehall, Puthall, Timbridge, 
Knowle, and Harrow Farms. The latter is called " Cross Ford" on Andrews' 
and Dury's Map of Wilts (1773). They all (except Puthall) lie west and 
north-west of Little Bedwyn, between the Froxfield stream and the Bedwyn 
stream. 

The bounds of Burbage are incomplete, and describe only the west side, 
where it marches with those of Great Bedwyn. Great Bedwyn thus seems 
then to have included Burbage. 

The bounds are all published in the " Cartularium Saoconicum" (W. de 
Gray Birch, 3 vols., 1885 — 1893) but the versions given below are copied 
directly from the manuscripts themselves at the British Museum. 

I wish to acknowledge my indebtednes to Mr. W. H. Stevenson, of St, 
John's College, Oxford, for most kindly translating the bounds for me, and 
for pointing out several errors. I have added several of Mr. Stevenson's 
comments verbatim, with indications in each instance of their authorship. 
Of course Mr. Stevenson must not be held responsible for any passages in 
my notes, where such indications are not given. 

Great Bedwyn and adjoining parishes, A.D. 968. Copied 
from Cotton MS. Claudius C. ix., fol. 195 [Cart. Sax, iii., 1213]. The 
alternative readings are from Claudius, B. vi., fol. 77 b. In the Rolls edition 
of the Abingdon Chronicle, where these MSS. are both transcribed (Rolls 
Series, vol. i., 1858, p. 315), the, editor states that they are of the 13th 
century, C. ix. being the earlier by about half a century. B. vi. is a second 
edition of C. ix.. and both were derived from a common source. (Preface, 
vol. 1., § 15.) 

^rest fram Bedwindan to haran grafan. northeweardan up aet there 
dices gsete set harandene. forth thonne be wyrtwalan ther se haga ut 



By 0. G,S. Craivford. 283 

cymtli. be tham wyrtwalan to psedes patha.' thonne^ with helmes 
treowes. thonne on embrihtes^ get. thonne with staet gaetes. thonne 
on huntan^ dene neothewasrde. thonne with hoces byrgels. thonnon on 
hwitan hlinces. thonon on sebban^ crundel. thonon on tha swelgende. 
thonan on penderes clif forweard and on^ wselweg. thonne with there 
eorthbyrig. (thonne with ge mere weges.^ thonne with burhbeces. 
thonne with igfelda. thonne with bydan hammes. thonne with rodleage 
mseres. thonne to sselgete. thonne to braecdene geate. thonne to wselles 
msere. thonne to gemotleage easteweardre. thonne ut to bradan leage. 
thser cuthhardes peath ut ligth. thonne on bagcgan geat. thonne on 
haethfeld geat. thonne on thone hlseddredan^ beam, thonne on hrames 
dene^ geat. • thonne on horshael geat ut on beocces heal, thanon to 
Bedewindan. 

Translation (by Mr, W. II, Stevenson). 
From (the) Bedewinde to (the) northward of the hoar-grove, up to the 
opening (or gap) in the ditch at (the) hoar valley (or the hare's valley) ; 
thence forwards by the tree-roots where the haw shoots forward ; by the 
tree-roots to Psed's path ; thence towards Helm's tree ; thence to Embrihtes 
(=Eanbrihtes) gap (or gate) ; thence towards St[r]et Gate (or gap) to the 
lower end of Huntsman's valley ; thence toward Hoe's burial (or barrow) ; 
thence to (the) white linches ; thence to Abba's "crundell" ; thence to the 
"swelgend" (gulf, abyss, chasm ?); thence to the front of Pendere's cliff; 
to the Weala-weg ; thence towards the earthbury ; thence towards Byrbsec ; 
thence towards Ig-feld ; thence towards Byda's "hamms"; thence towards 
liodleah mere ; thence to (the) willow-gap {reading seal -geat) ; thence to the 
gap of Braecdenu ; thence to " Wselles mere" ; thence to the eastward of 
Gemot-leah ; thence out to Broad-ley (or Broad-wood), where Cuthhard's 
path comes out ; thence to Bacga's gap; thence to Heathfield gap ; thence 
the " hlead-reada " or " hlseddredan " tree (" laddered tree " ? ) ; thence on 
Hrammes-denu gap ; thence to the gap of Hors-healh ; out to Beocces- 
healh ; thence to (the) Bedwinde. 

(1.) Aerest fram Bedwindan to hara,n grafan. northeweardan up set 
there dices gsete xt harandene. Beginning at the Bedwyn stream about 
660 yards N.E. of Great Bedwyn Church, the Anglo Saxon bounds coincide 
with the modern ones for half-a-mile. They go along an old lane called 
Galley Lane which separates Harding field on'the S.VV. from Parlour field^° 
on the N.E. This lane comes into the Shalbourne road at an old cottage 
called Jockey Farm in 1792 [Little Bedwyn Aivard Map) and " The Horse 
and Jockey " in 1V73 {Andreiv's and Dury^s Map). The open space where 
the roads meet was called " The Green " in 1792. Here, I think, the 
modern bounds diverge from the Anglo Saxon ones, taking a zig-zag course 

^ Psedes pathe. ^ thonone. ^ aembrihtes. 

^ hundan. ^ abban. ^ foreuueardan on. "' Omittit. 

^ hleadreadan. ^ harmmesdene. 

'•'In 1337 William le Parlere held one virgate of land in Estbedwynde 

Thus the boundary went to the south of Parlour field then. It is mentioned 

in an Inq. p. m. of 1663 as " Parler field." 

U 2 



284 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bediuyn and Burhage, 

up the hill. The Anglo-Saxon bounds probably continued along the Shal- 
bourne road at the bottom of the valley for 500 yards when they crosa 
Wansdyke where it emerges southwestwards from Round Copse, This is 
the " dices gaete set haradene." Harandene was the name of the whole of 
that valley which starts at Harding Farm and runs northward to the village 
of Bedwyn. In the Middle Ages Harding Farm, or its predecessor, was the 
home of the family of " de Hardene," keepers of the Westrigge Bailiwick of 
Savernake Forest, now the Brails of Wilton and Bedwyn. The name 
probably means " hoar or white valley," and it is particularly applicable 
to this valley in the sides of which the chalk is exposed, the high ground 
on both sides being covered with tertiary deposits. 

(2.) Forth thonne he wyrtwalan ther se haga utcymth. he tham wyrt- 
walan to pae-des patha. ^This exactly describes the course now followed by 
the Bedwyn- Oxenwood road as far as Piccadilly, where it crosses the old 
Hungerford-Salisbury road. " Wyrtwalan " bears well here the orthodox 
interpretation of the foot of high ground. Close alongside of this road runs 
an old enclosure bank which in 1792 formed the eastern limit of the en- 
closed lands of Wilton tithing. This old boundary is the " haga " of the 
Anglo Saxon bounds. Pxdes patha may be the old Salisbury road, which 
is called here "The Harrow Way" in the Shalbourne Award Map (of 
1801 ?). 

(3.) Thonne with helmes treoives. This tree would appear to have stood 
on the site now occupied by Botley Copse. 

(4.) Thonne on emhrihtes get. This must be where the Tidcombe — 
Oxenwood road crosses the Roman road from Marten to Scot's Poor. From 
Botley Copse an old broad down track, enclosed between high, thick, ancient 
hedges sweeps in a great curve downwards towards this point, which is 
exactly the point of the divide between the Test and the Wilton stream, a 
tributary of the Kennet. A narrow col is formed here between the two 
basins, and it is an obvious crossing place of ancient roads. 

(5.) Thonne with stnet gsetes. I have here amended the meaningless " sfset 
gaetes^' of the original Charters since there can be no doubt that it is incorrect. 
" Street, gaet " is undoubtedly " Scot's Poor." Close by in the acute angle 
of Collingbourne Kingston parish is a field of 13 acres called on a map of 
1825 •' Street Gate." ^ In a Perambulation of Savernake Forest of 1259 
"Za Strete" and " Stretegate " are mentioned, and must be identified with 
the same point.^ On the old edition of the Ordnance one inch map Scot's 
Poor is called Totterdown, but it was called Scot's Poor in Colt Hoare's 

^ At the Savernake Estate Office. (Large roller map of Collingbourne 
Brunton, Gammon's Farm, and Blagdon, 1825). 

2 History of Marlborough, by James Waylen, 1854, p. 65. Waylen gives 
a garbled translation of the perambulations, but omits to state their date or 
the source from which he obtained them. I have, however, identified and 
obtained copies of the originals in the Public Record Office [ICxchequer^ 
K.R. Forest Proc. Bundle II. No. 25]. 



By 0. G. S. Crawford. .285 

time. (The Inn which existed there then was done away with in the 
summer of 1914, and I was, I think, the last guest to partake of its 
hospitality. The house is still in existence). 

(6.) Thonne on huntan dene neothewserde. On leaving Scot's Poor the 
modern boundary between Tidcombe and Wexcombe in the north, and 
Collingbourne Kingston in the south, proceeds due west and shortly 
descends by a side valley into a deep valley running north and south. One 
of these, probably the side valley, must be ''^huntan dene^ 

(7.) Thonne loith hoces hyrgels. These are probably the two disc barrows 
here whose outer banks intersect. A third, a bell barrow, stands on the 
hill close by on the E.N.E. 

Up to this point there can be no doubt about the general course followed 
by the bounds.' From here onwards for about 3^ miles, to Crowdown 
Clump, the course described below is highly probable, but lacks any 
absolutely certain identifications. 

(8.) Thonnon on hiuitan hlinces. This corresponds with the '^ sceorran 
A^mc" of the Collingbourne bounds, and is the first point of contact be- 
tween the two charters, if it is a point of contact. But since the Anglo- 
Saxon bounds of Collingbourne Kingston elsewhere are clearly different 
from those of the modern parish it is not possible to say precisely where 
the ''^ hwitan hlinces^' should be. They cannot, however, be far from Fair 
Mile Clumps. The hill on which Grafton Clump stands is called "Wit- 
man's Hill " on a map of 1825. 

(9.) Thonne on ^ehhan crundel. This is clearly the same as the " iehyng 
crundele " of the Collingbourne bounds. " Crundel," according to one 
authority, means a round pit,^ and should therefore be easy to identify by 
field observation. But the only pit I can discover on the boundary line is 
a small chalk pit 250 yards west of Grafton Clump. It lies on the east side 
of an old track coming from East Grafton and about 150 yards north of the 
parish boundary. The only objection to identifying this pit with " sehhan 
crundel " is that it is small and does not look ancient. The sides, too, are 
still bare, though half cloaked in a deposit of debris. It may, however, be 
ancient, and might perhaps be an old pit reopened in modern times. On 
the whole I am inclined to identify it with " sehhan crundel " since it is the 
only pit on or near the bounds here, and since it lies exactly where one 
would expect the crundel to occur, i.e., about midway between the two 
adjacent points. 

(10.) Thonon on tha swelgende. This is clearly a point in the Colling- 
bourne valley where a bubbling spring rose. The exact point lies, I think, 
about a quarter of a mile south of the meeting-place of the modern parishes 
of Collingbourne Kingston, Grafton, and Burbage. Here is the junction of 
the two main head -streams of the Collingbourne, one of which rises at Marr 
Green, Burbage, and the other at Wick, or Wickham, an old site immediately 
south of West Grafton. Now artificial channels have been dug for these 

^ Mr. W. H. Stevenson queries this translation, and adds : " It is a small 
valley with a stream running through it, in Hants dialect." 



286 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Burhage. 

rivulets, and their normal rising point is doubtless lower than it was in 
Saxon times. Both channels were quite dry when I visited them on 
December 20th, 1919, but the stream is, of course, like all chalk streams, an 
intermittent one, and would not normally rise so high as this in December. 
In Saxon times we may suppose that above this point the land was, in the 
wet season, more or less of a water-logged marsh (it is very flat and there 
is nothing approaching a valley), and that the " swelgende " marked the 
first point where the Collingbourne began to have a clearly defined channel. 
The word " swelgende " means a swelling or bubbling up of water from a 
spring. From here another hedge line runs straight in a southwesterly 
direction, and crosses the Burbage-CoUingbourne road 750 yards S.E. of 
Southgrove Farm, and immediately S.E. of New Barn. I suspect that the 
parish boundary, and consequently the Anglo-Saxon bounds, followed this 
hedge line, which is clearly an ancient one and a continuation of that which 
marks the boundary up to this point. 

(11.) Thonan on penderes clif for wear d. and on w3el weg. 

Pender es clif^ must refer io the escarpment at the foot of which stands 
New Barn. It is not quite clear whether the Anglo-Saxon word " clif " 
denotes a natural or an artificial escarpment. I think it probably denotes 
a natural escarpment, the word " Mine " being reserved for artificial 
ones. In the form " cleeve," from the plural cleofu or clif, it was current 
until quite recent times in Wessex, and still enters into the composition 
of place and fieldnames, e.^., Clyffe Pypard still sometimes called White 
Cleeve, Rowden's Cleeve, Cleveancy, &c. 

" Wsel weg'' the way of the natives,^ i.e., of the indigenous Romanized 
British, must be the track along the ridge followed for 350 yards by the 
parish boundary, which again coincides with the Saxon bounds. 

Both ''Penderes clif and ''swelgende''^ are mentioned in the Collingbourne 
bounds, but between them is inserted an apparently redundant point 
" hlerianhylleJ' It must describe the hill on whose slopes the "" dif'' was, 
and along the northern end of which ran the " wad weg.'' There is no hill 
but the one described above which could suit the context. It occurs twice 

^ Since writing the above I have found a clue to " Penderes clif " on a 
map of Burbage of about 1810 at the Savernake Estate Office, Durley. Two 
fields west of Southgrove Farm are called there Pencely, and the field in 
which the farm now stands (it was not then in existence) is also called 
Pencely. This is clearly a corruption of " penderes lea." When one finds 
several enclosed fields with the same name— especially if that name ends in 
"ley "—one may be sure that the name is older than the separate fields, and 
was the original' name of the whole area in which they lie. In this case the 
name was originally applied to the tract of open down lying between the 
escarpment of " penderes clif " on the south and west and the old and new 
Salisbury roads on the N.W. and N.E. 

^ I originally translated " wealh " by *' foreigner " on which Mr. Stevenson 
commented .—'"■ Unlikely ; Wealh means a serf as well as a Welshman, not 
foreigner in general ( Weale weg, in Burbage, is better=gen. plural Weala)." 



By 0. G. S, Craw/ord. 287 

in the Collingbourne bounds and was evidently the name given to the whole 
spur, whose southern point is now called Inham Down. 

" W^l iveg'^ is the starting point of the Burbage bounds which are 
described below. It is there spelt " iveall weg"" which means " wall way." 

(12.) Thonne with there eorthhyrig. This point is interesting and im- 
portant because it can be exactly identified with a hitherto undiscovered 
earthwork at Crowdon Clump, This clump (which is marked on a map of 
Burbage of about 1810) ^ is surrounded by a small ditch and bank which 
partly coincide with those of an oval prehistoric camp. The general 
appearance is of an unsuccessful attempt to place one ellipse upon another, 
after the Euclidean fashion. The outline is irregular but roughly elliptical, 
the average diameter in any direction being about 100 yards. On the line 
of the parish bounds as they approach from the east can just be discerned 
the remnant of a filled-up ditch, whether the ancient bound-mark or the 
hollow track of " iveall weg'^ or both combined, it is impossible to say. The 
down here has at some time been under the plough, though apparently not 
for a long period. " Eorth-hurg " is mentioned in the Burbage bounds, bub 
not in those of Collingbourne. 

(13.) Thonne with hurhheces. At the Crowdown Clump earthwork the 
bounds, ancient and modern, turn at right angles and proceed due south in 
a straight line for several miles. The intervals for this sector in the 
Bedwyn Charter are much wider than in the Burbage Charter. In the 
latter occurs the stage" thaet forth and lang burg beces " but it is separated 
from the " eorthburg " by " mearc weg " and " ivlfelesham''' This, however, 
need not surprise us, as the course is perfectly straightforward and many 
landmarks were unnecessary. Possibly the more detailed description of 
seven years before was assumed. " Burhbece " is, I submit, the name for the 
" back " 2 or dome of land on which the village of Burbage grew up. The 
highest point of this dome is Bowden Farm, some 530 feet above sea leveL 
It is a gently undulating plain which forms the watershed between the 
Kennet, the Avon, and the Collingbourne. 

(14.) Thonne with igfelia. This refers to the country lying round 
Ram Alley. In the Burbage Charter, after " burg beces " come " wad leage '^ 
and "" medrc wege" and then : — ''' thxt west to igfled wege on tha ac onfileth 
cumbe." (Ig fled is clearly a misprint for " igfeld "). " Ig feld " is followed 
immediately in both charters by '' bydanham^'^ which we. shall see must be 
1 he settlement at Leigh Hill. " Ig feld^^ therefore must lie between " burh 
hece" — say Bowden Farm — and Leigh Hill ; and thus, quite independently 
of any conjectural identifications with later place names, we arrive at the 
conclusion that '"'igfeld'''' was the name of the waste land on which the 
hamlet of Ram Alley now stands. 

^ The map is in the Savernake Estate Office at Durley. It is undated 
but from internal evidence it is certain that it was drawn between 1810 and 
1813. 

2 Mr. Stevenson queries this translation. It is, however, quite certain 
that " bee " here cannot mean a stream (or a beech-tree, as suggested by 
Einar Ekblom) [Place-names of Wilts, p. 43]. 



288 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bcdwyn and Burlage. 

But there is other evidence. A certain part of Savernake Forest was known 
in the Middle Ages as Iwode. {Inq. p.m. Wilts, Edw. III., pp. 232, 256, 
302, 362). From this and from a perambulation of Savernake Forest in 
1300 A.D. {W.A.M., iv., 1858, pp. 201—4) it is clear that Iwode ^ is Ig- 
wode ; the region, which was open park-land {/eld in 968 A.D.) was, 
partly at any rate, enclosed wood in the 14th century, " Ig " means island, 
but the Saxon word was used in a less narrow sense than our word, to 
describe also semi-insular regions. Sometimes it had an almost metaphorical 
meaning. I believe that here it referred originally to that long hog-back 
lying in the fork between the two railway lines, between Leigh Hill Copse 
on the east and Apshill Copse on the west. This hog-back is bounded on 
the north and south by two parallel valleys. That on the south contains 
the Kennet and Avon Canal, but before it was made there existed a small 
stream. That on the north contains two " subsequent " streams, which run 
in opposite directions from a " col " at Crook's Copse. They have now no 
regular channel, but flow in wet weather, though the fields are under 
cultivation. Such a hog-back is practically insular and might well be 
called " ig " by the Saxons, who had a very keen eye for topographical 
features. 

This hog-back being called *' ig feld" the smoother slopes to the south 
would naturally be called "^^ lea" ; and this I believe is the origin of the 
" alley " in Ram Alley. " Ig lea " should strictly become " Hey " or " Illey," 
and it is not far from " Illey " to " Alley." That the " Alley " in Ram Alley 
is generic is shown by the fact that the two large fields immediately to the 
south are called Road Alley Close.^ 

Ram Alley Copse to-day is one of the very few woods which contain 
natural vegetation. It has never been under plough, and the trees which 
grow thinly in it are the descendants of the original vegetation which 
clothed this region. There is a thick undergrowth of bracken, a sure sign 
of undisturbed natural conditions. Some deep pack trails run down its 
eastern border ; but the subject of the many old roads which converge here 
will be treated when we come to Burbage, under " igjled wege." 

(15.) Thonne with hydan hammes. The name survives in Bitham Pond 
and Bitham Bottom. The Pond is a shade over half-a-mile N.W. of the 
Column, on the south side of Column Ride. Bitham Bottom is the valley 
immediately to the south of the Pond. Here are situated Romano-British 
remains, probably kilns. There must have been an extensive settlement 

1 The mediaeval word " wood," however, does not mean " wood " in quite 
the modern sense. Here it probably means only timbered land which was 
cut off from the rest by being enclosed within a hedge or bank and ditch, 
or both ; and in which the tenant-in-chief had certain rights of house-bote, 
pannage, etc. 

2 In his Notes on Asser's Life of Alfred (Oxford, 1904, p. 273) Mr. W. H. 
Stevenson states that a place called Eilly is mentioned in the Hundred 
Rolls of A.D. 1275. {Rot. Hund., ii., p. 260 b.) The place so called is in 
the Hundred of Kinwardstone, and is therefore certainly to be identified 
with "*^ ^m " and (Ram) Alley. 



By 0. G. S. Crawford. 289 

liere in Roman times. The ^^hammes^^ referred to here, however, are 
probably the two ancient groups of cottages at Leigh Hill, perhaps the 
successors of the Komano-British potters' crofts. The name Bitham does 
not occur on the Ordnance Survey maps, but is still current locally, and.is 
marked on the 1786 map of Savernake Forest at Savernake Estate OflSce. 

(16.) Thonne with rodleage mseres. ""Rod lea mere^^ is Bitham Pond. 
The middle portion has survived in Leigh Hill,^ (formerly spelt Lye Hill,) 
but the name has been attracted southwards by the settlements at J^eigh 
Hill. There is always the tendency in place-names which originally had a 
wide connotation, to become narrowed down to the description of that 
portion which is near a settlement. 

(17.) Thonne to seel gete. The only possible clue I can find to this name 
is in " Shoul Bottom " (1 786), the valley running due south from the Column 
towards Woolslade, bounded on the east by Dark Avenue and Nettleball 
Hill. The spelling '' sseV may be an error for ''seal,'' or, less probably, as 
suggested by Birch, ''heair 

(18.) Thonne to hrsecdene geate. The bounds still continue northwards 
and there must be some connection between this name and Braydon, spelt 
in mediaeval documents Bradene. But it is difficult to see exactly where 
the ""geate"' could be. Through stages 15 — 18 the modern place names 
seem all to have shifted slightly, generally in a southerly direction. As 
mentioned above, some shifting is normal, especially in a forest region. 

(19.) Thonne to wselles inhere. This is Thornhill Pond. The name 
survives in Whalemore, which is not to be found in any map, but which is 
current locally to describe the plateau south of Thornhill Pond. Here 
again the "e" and the "a" have been transposed, and it should read 
*' weales msere" — the natives' pond, doubtless originally the pond of the 
Romano- British squatters. In Fairbough Bottom, 250 yards N.E. of this 
pond, at the point where the bottom is crossed by the Roman Road from 
Cunetio through Braydon Brook southwards, I found (on December 17th, 
1919) a quantity of Romano-British pottery. This was evidently the site 
of a settlement, not of kilns, for there was none of the characteristic black 
earth, and the soil here is unsuitable for pot-making. Thornhill Pond, 
therefore, may reasonably claim an antiquity of nearly 2000 years, perhaps 
more. Close to it is a mound of burnt material, discovered by the Rev. 
Joyce Watson, Vicar of South Savernake. There are no potsherds, but 
a lot of burnt sarsen fragments. Its origin and nature are obscure. 

This pond is also mentioned in the Perambulations of Savernake of A.D. 
1300. ( W.A.M., iv., 1858, pp. 201 — 204). " From thence between the wood 
of the lord the King and the wood of William de Lyllebon unto Wallesmere 
and from, thence directly descending unto Braidens hok." 

(20.) Thonne to gemotleage easteweardre. Here, as one would expect, the 
bounds turn eastwards at last, after a straight northerly run of over 4j 
miles. "" Gemotlea" has left no trace that I can discover in the modern 

^ The "morlegh" of mediaeval documents (? mere-legh). 



290 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Burhage. 

names hereabouts, unless Luton Lye (Luden's Lye, 1786) be an echo of 
the " lea " portion. On the 1789 map Luden's Lye is marked on the plateau 
in the centre of which the Eight Walks meet. Here in Elizabeth's reign 
stood a gibbet, surmounted by a pair of ram's horns in commemoration of 
the execution there of a notorious sheep-stealer named Brathwaite, a native 
of Cumberland. (W. Maurice Adams, Sylvan Savernake, p. 54). This 
would naturally stand at or near a traditional place of assembly, such as 
".gemotlea" must have been. It was probably the meeting place of the 
hundred, and the idea of making this the converging point of the Eight 
Walks may have been suggested by a number of rides meeting there 
already. 

(21.) Thonne ut to hradan leage thser cuth-hardes peath ut ligth. Here 
we meet again the bounds of Little Bedwyn. Unless the bounds of the 
latter have changed considerably, which is improbable, " hradan lea " must 
be the plateau on which Amity Oak stands (Em ety Oak, 1786). '' Cuth- 
hardes path " must have been some track leading to a neighbouring farm, 
but the name has died out and there are many old tracks near, any one of 
which might be the one in question. If it still survives, it is probable that 
only the first part would be used, in conformity with the usual colloquial 
abbreviation of Anglo-Saxon personal names. 

(22.) Thonne on hagcgan geat. This name precedes " hradan lea " in 
the Little Bedwyn bounds. It has survived in Bagden Lodge, the old 
name of Savernake Lodge as it appears on the map of 1786. The Lodge 
stands in the bottom of the valley whose upper portion is now known as 
Woolslade (? wulfs slsed. " Wolslot " in 1765, now locally pronounced 
" Ouselett "). This valley was doubtless originally called /' haggan dene!' 
The "'geat''' was probably a gap in the hedge {septum, Little Bedwyn 
bounds) which surrounded the parish, at a point about 450 yards N.E. of 
the Lodge. Here several old tracks converge on the Lodge, coming from 
the farms on the east. 

(23.) Thonne on haethfeld geat. This is the " hadfeld geate " of the 
Little Bedwyn bounds. It was perhaps a gate on to Crabtree Common on 
the southern slopes of tbe valley just north of the Duke's Vaunt. The 
name often occurs asHatfield in modern place-names, and was used formerly 
to describe the region also called Savage's Heath, south of Postern HilL 
But this point in the bounds has no connection, of course, with that. The 
name is a very common one in heathy districts. 

(24.) .Thonne on thone hla&ddredan heam. I suggest that the original 
word was " readleafan." The corresponding point in the Little Bedwyn 
bounds is '^ holhrygc gete,'' and the point seems to fall close to the Duke's 
Vaunt. It is tempting to see a connection between this ancient oak and 
the " beam " here mentioned. The oak is now a hollow shell of great 
antiquity. In about 1762 it was as hollow as it is now and was said by old 
men then to have been so from time immemorial. The oak then stood on 
the northern boundary of the parish of Burbage, and was evidently a 
memorable point in beating the bounds of that parish. In these outings 



By 0. G. S. Craivford. 291 

the youngest boys were always taken in order to impress upon their memory 
the bound-marks of their native village, so that when they too came to be 
old men they might likewise instruct the coming generation. If then we 
assign the moderate amount of 150 or so years to the " time immemorial" 
of the grey-beards of 1762 we come to the conclusion that the oak was 
already "a verdant ruin " in 1600. On this showing it must have been well 
past its prime in 1550, the time of the first Duke of Somerset, the only 
duke who can be associated with it. This gives us about 400 years for its 
period of decline. On this basis it is hardly an extravagant assumption to 
assign 600 years for its growth and maturity, and that takes us back to the 
period of this charter. It would be interesting to know whether the leaves 
of this veteran are redder than those of the surrounding oaks. Locally 
" Vaunt " is pronounced " font " and it is so spelt in the map of 1786. Its 
diameter at three feet from the ground is 26ft. 9in.^ 

(25). Thonne on hramesdene geat, '"'' Hrainies dene'''' is, I take it, the 
valley which was crossed obliquely by the Kamsbury road. (The old track 
running south westwards from the Bath road near Knowle at the fifth mile- 
stone from Marlborough, which is continued towards Leigh Hill as Three 
Oak Hill Drive, is marked " To Ramsbury " on the 1786 map). As regards 
the actual position of this "^eai'e" there can be little doubt. It must 
have been at Holt Pound, the eastern gate of Warren Lodge, called 
*' Bedwyn Gate " on Andrew's & Dury's map (1773) and on the 1786 map. 
It was here that the old road from Bedwyn to Marlborough entered the 
Forest. I suspect that the "Bellingate" of the 1300 Perambulations 
refers to the same spot. 

(26.) Thonne on horshxl geat ut on beocces heal. The former name sur- 
vives in the farm known as Upper Horsehall Hill, (The farm at Low^er 
Horsehall Hill has been built since 1846). The only question is where 
exactly was the " geat " 1 It was evidently an entrance to the assart farm 
of Horshall, I think it must have been where there is now a group of old 
cottages about 250 yards south-west of Chisbury Lane Farm. Here, too, the 

^ In the Gentlemen's Magazine, Vol. Ixxii (June, 1802), p, 497, is a letter 
from J. Stone with a copper engraving, " F. Carey after J. Stone," entitled 
" Duke's Vant," the original sepia drawing for which by J. Stone is in the 
Society's Library at Devizes. Mr. Crawford says that his authority for 
the statement that the local pronunciation of the Duke's Vaunt is " Font " 
is the written statement of a visitor who left a MS. book of notes on field 
and place names in the Forest, at the office of the estate agent, Mr. Aris, at 
Durley. I suggested to him, however, that a Font in the old Wiltshire 
dialect was always a " Vant," and that the " Duke's Vant " of the 1802 
engraving may not be a misprint or mistake at all, but may represent the 
original pronunciation, afterwards co7-rnpted into " Vaunt" ; in which case 
it would mean the Duke's " Font" and not the Duke's " Boast " or" Pride." 
I do not press the suggestion, but if there is anything in it, it would seem 
to point to the fact of the tree having been already hollow like a tub or 
font in the " Duke's " day. Mr. Crawford has asked me to insert this note. 

E. H, GODDARD. 



292 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds oj Bedwyn and Burhage, 

bounds coincide with a hitherto unrecorded section of Wansdyke, of which 
a small but perfect fragment is visible in the wood immediately south of 
a large gravel pit. The entrenchment is lost again almost at once, but re- 
appears again about 700 yards further east where it leaves the parish 
boundary and runs due' east through Park Copse in Chisbury Wood, 
roughly parallel with Chisbury Lane and about 500 yards south of it. This 
fragment is about a quarter of a mile long. It is very probable that part 
of the bounds of Horsehall assart were formed, by Wansdyke, and this 
would give double force to the meaning of the " gaet" It is called " horsel- 
get" in the Little Bedwyn bounds. '' Beocces heal " is probably the point 
where the parish bounds emerge from Chisbury Wood into the open fields 
of Bedwyn. The field on the N.E., or Little Bedwyn side of the boundary, 
is called " Hill field " in the Tithe Map of 1846, which may be a corruption 
of ''heal.'" This point is not mentioned in the Little Bedwyn bounds which 
proceed directly from " bedwinda " to " hor&elgeV^ 

(27.) Thanon to Bedwindan. Here the bounds reach the valley and 
stream of Bedwyn where they began. The point is now called Burntmill 
Lock, and is described in the Award Map of Little Bedwyn (1792) as 
'' Little Bedwyn Mill." 



II.— Little Bedwyn, A.D. 778. Copied from the original charter 
of that date at the British Museum, Cotton Charter VIII., 4 [Cart. Sax.,\., 
225]. The charter is damaged in places by damp and by having been folded, 
but on the whole it is good condition, and fortunately the bounds have 
escaped damage better than the preamble. They occur at the end of a 
grant by Cynewulf, King of the Saxons, to Bica,* of " 13 manentes" of land 
at Bedewinde. The charter is reproduced in facsimile in " Facsimiles of 
Ancient Charters in the British Museum," Part ii., 1876, No. 3, The date 
is given in Roman numerals in the manuscript. 

. . . . ab oriente vallem vocatam cymenes denu. et sic in longum 

vergens^ nes geat et sic in afi"ricum vergens in longum 

illius septi tendit ad. peadan stigele deinde per iddem septum, in filith 
leage. australem partem inde in longum praedicti septi in quoddam vallum 
in. haran dene, sicque per hoc vallum pertingit ad ilium agellum qui 
dicitur. tatan edisc. et sic per occidentalem plagam ejusdem agelli jacet in 
illos tumulos^ . . . torum. deinde in. bedewindan, et sic in longum 
illius spineti in horselget. et continuo'* . . . hrames dene geate. et 
extenso tramite ejusdem septi. to holhrygc gete. et eodem septo to hadfeld 
geate, et eodem septo to baggan gete. et sic in illud septum, to bradanleage. 

^ " Comiti meo ac ministro. 

2 Grap of 2|in. in MS. (about fourteen to fifteen letters). 

3 Gap of lin. in MS. (about five to six letters). 

^ The letter preceding "rames " is certainly an *'h." Befqre it is a space 

(made illegible by damp) of l^in. (about four to six letters), I think the 

second " o " in " continuo" might well be an " e." 



By 0. G. S. Crawford. 293 

transitque. illo septo bradanleage intrans in. standene. et in longum 
ejus in quoddam vallum ejusque. valli serie in. puttan [hjealh.^ et sic in 
longum aggeris to bulcan pytte. indeque. in longum vallis.^ et sic emenso 
spatio stratae in quoddam petrosum clivum. et ex eo baldwines healh. 
app . . . supremum sicque [in] quoddam vallum ejusque tramite 
progressum in ilium vallum [ab^] austro bulcan pyttee. sicque. in longum 
valli progressa in ilia antiqua monumenta in locum ubi a ruricolis dicitur. 
set tham holen stypbum. sicque in illos gabulos. in longum gemaerweges. 
to wadbecrge. sicque of wadbeorge in ilium fontem qui dicitur forsca 
burna. et ejus ex alveo intrat bedewindan. indeque item in oymenesdene. 

Translation (by Mr. W. H. Stevenson). 

from the east the valley called Cymenes-denu ; and thus along . . . nes 
gap (or gate) ; and so turning to the south along the haw until (the boun- 
daries) come to Peada's stile ; thence by the same haw (^^ept\ii'infh\) to the 
south part of Filith leah ; thence along the said haw to a valley'' in Haran- 
denu ; so by this valley (the boundaries) reach the paddock called "Tata's 
Edish" ; and so by the west side of the same paddock (the boundaries) lie 
in the two barrows . . torum (Latin gen. plural) ; thence to Bedewinde ; 
and so along the spinney to Horsel-gap ; and straight on . . . rammes- 
denu gap ; and crossing the road of the hedge to Holhrycg gap ; and so by 
the haw to Hadfeld gap ; and by the same gap to Bagga's gap ; and so to 
the haw to Broad ley (or wood); passing the haw of Broad ley entering 
Stan-denu ; and along it to a valley ; following the valley to Putt's [h]ealh ; 
and so along the ditch to Bulca's pit; thence along the valley; and so, 
having covered the width of the street, to Stony Cliff; and from it to 
Baldwin's healh . . appr [oaching ?] . . a valley; proceeding along it to 
the valley on the south of Bulca's pit ; and so along the valley to the ancient 
monuments (plural for singular?) to the place called by the country folk " at 
the hollow stubbs " ; and so to the crosses along the boundary road to 
Wadbeorg ( = Woadhill) ; and so from Wadbeorg to the spring called 
"Forsca-burna" (=the Frogs' bourn) ; and from its bed (the boundaries) 
enter the Bedwinde; thence again to Cymene[s-denu]. 

Little Bedwyn. A.D. 778 (C. S. i., 225). 

(1.) . . . ah orie7ite vallem vocatam cymnes denii. The bounds begin 
on the north side of the modern parish. I suspect that they have changed 
slightly, and that originally, instead of proceeding along the valley as now 
for about 650 yards to Forebridge, they crossed it at right angles to the 
valley {cymenes denu) in which Lower Down Barn stands. It will be noticed 
that at the end nothing is said about going along the Bedwyn valley {ejus 

■ ^ Gap of one letter (doubtless " h ") in MS., caused by a fold. 
2 Probably an error for " valli." 
2 This is purely conjectural (fold). ' 

* " Quoddam vallum " seems due to the scribe's mistake as to the gender 
of vallis, cf. "in ilium vallem " " in longum valli." 



294 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Burhage. 

ex alveo intrat bedewindan, indeque item in cymenes dene). " Cymenes 
denu " has left its mark in Gymp Lane (1792), running from the cross roads 
at Bird's Ground (1792), south of Little Bonning's Copse in Little Bedwyn, 
to the point where the modern parishes of Froxfield, Shalbourne, and Little 
Bedwyn meet. 

Incidentally it may be noticed that the '^ denu" is translated by "vallis," 
and becomes " dene " when it is mentioned again at the end of the Charter. 
This shows that there was little, if any, difference in meaning between the 
two words. As a matter of fact, in this neighbourhood all valleys are 
^^ denus^' in the usually accepted sense of the word — an open glade in a 
forest ; since it is only at the bottom of the valleys that the underlying 
chalk is exposed. Thus the valley bottoms throughout the Savernake district 
are open glades, free from the thick woods and undergrowth of the plateaux, 
which are covered with loamy deposits of tertiary sands and clay. These 
conditions may be seen to-day in some of the virgin tracts of Savernake. 

(2.) IJt sic in longum vergens (illius vallem ad) {cyme)nes geat. The first 
bracketed portion is Birch's restoration, the second is mine. Both are 
purely conjectural. The point in question is clearly that at which the three 
parishes meet. On Andrew's and Dury's map it is called Pedlar's Gate, 
and a copse adjoining Gymp Lane on the S.E. side of the lane is still called 
Gate Close. The ''geat " here again is clearly a gap in the hedge enclosing 
the cultivated lands of Little Bedwyn on the south-east side of the Bedwyn 
valley. A belt of arable land about half-a-mile wide ran formerly on both 
sides of the main valley, parallel with it, between Little Bedwyn village 
and Wolfhall. Beyond this belt was open heath and common, the waste 
lands of the manor, separated by a thick hedge (" haga ") from the cultivated 
fields. A similar, and usually circular, hedge protected the crops of assart 
farms from the depredations of deer, swine, and other beasts, as well as 
from the cattle pasturing on the waste. In the case of the smaller assarts 
this "hedge", was sometimes an artificial fence, bat that can hardly have 
been so with the larger units like manors. Moreover we often to this day 
find great high hedges growing on the bounds of a parish, and very difficult 
the'y are to get through ! Wherever a road passed through such a hedge,, 
there would be a " gate," meaning a gap. But through this gap would enter 
also the undesirables whom it was the object of the hedge to exclude. 
Hence we may conclude that some sort of wooden gate was generally placed 
at such points. 

(3.) Et sic in affricum vergens in longum illius septi tendit ad peadan 
stigele. This name probably survives in Pedlar's Gate (1773) and in Pedlar's 
Piece (1844), the field between Stype Wood and the parish boundary. The 
path was probably one leading to Bagshot. Here the bounds curve round 
from S.E. through S. to S.W. towards the head of the valley. Afield 
between Burn Copse and Wentworth's Copse, called Dean Heath Field 
(1846), is probably an echo of '^cymenes denu^ 

(4.) Deinde per iddem septum, infilith leage. australem partem. There 
can be no doubt as to the identity of this " lea.'' The modern bounds 
proceed in a south-westerly direction across a broad, level plain, sloping 



By 0. G. S. Crawford. 295 

gently to the north, and lying between Gully Copse and The Dell. The 
bounds keep on the western side of this plain. It is to-day very marshy, 
and the soil is clay. The southern portion is known as Mabbit's Heath. 

(5.) Inde in longum praedicti septi in quoddani vallum in haran dene. 
The '^vallum'' is Wansdyke, and the bounds here join those of Great 
Bedwyn, etc., described above. The bounds have altered slightly ; the 
Saxon bounds clearly followed the line of the Shalbourne parish boundary, 
so as to include in Little Bedwyn, Round Copse and the two adjacent fields. 

(6.) Sicque per hoc vallum pertingit ad ilium agellum qui dicitur. tatan 
edisc, et sic per occidentalem plagam ejusdem agelli jacet in illos tumulos 
. . , torum. deinde in bedeiuindan. There are no clues to the identity of 
these points until we come to the Bedwyn stream. The unusual number of 
points for the distance — four in a mile — reflects probably the fact that this 
was cultivated land, where the boundary would tend to take an intricate 
course. One would like to connect " tatan edisc " with Tottenham Park, 
but that is out of the question. It is much too far away ; and moreover 
its earliest form appears to have been "Topenham." 

From here the bounds march with those of Great Bedwyn, etc., and it is 
therefore unnecessary to describe them again. The only name which 
appears in these bounds only is " kolhrygc gete," which corresponds with 
" hlaeddredan heamP If I am correct in identifying the latter with the 
Duke's Vaunt it may be concluded that this oak was adopted as a bound- 
mark between A.D. Y78 and A. I). 968. The ridge in question is that on 
which Timbridge Farm stands (Timrigge in the Perambulation of 1300). 
It evidently changed its name during the intervening centuries. 

(7.) Transitque illo septo hradan leage intrans in standene. Here the 
bounds become difficult. Although it is possible to make them agree with 
the modern ones, the latter have an unnatural look and do not appear to 
be very ancient. It is clear, however, that " standene " must be the valley 
in which Puthall Gate lies, and is followed from thence eastwards by the 
London Pvoad. It is called Red Vein Bottom higher up within the Forest. 
It is full of gravel, which has been extensively used in making and repairing 
the main road. Lower down, about 200 yards east of Voronzoff Gate, it is 
now being worked again for the same purpose, and has succeeded in this 
role the famous Knowle gravel-pit close by. I think it probable that at 
Amity Oak the boundary originally continued northwards to Puthall Gate, 
and then turned east along the valley as far as Axford Lane. 

(8.) Et in longum ejus[i.e., standene] in quoddam vallum. Whatever course 
we adopt for the bounds, the vallum must be what is now Axford Lane. 
This lane is an ancient track, and having been worn hollow with the traffic 
of centuries, the vallum has become obscured. Nevertheless there is a most 
distinct high bank, with the ditch on the west, on the east side of this lane 
a8 it ascends the hill. As the lane reaches the crest, the bank gets larger. 
It is rather large for a parish boundary bank, but as it turns with the 
boundary eastwards at the top of the hill, it is probably that and no more. 
It may have been kept up by the tenants of Puthall during the Middle 
Ages. One is tempted to suggest that the " vallum " is an earlier earthwork 



296 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Barhage. 

of the Wansdyke period and type, and that it is the connecting link between 
Wansdyke itself and a "ditch" marked on the Ordnance Survey map- 
between Yielding Copse, in Ogbourne St, George, and Mere Farm, in 
Mildenhall. When last seen near Belmore Copse, Wansdyke is pointing in 
this direction, and hedge lines run continuously between the two. If this 
were so, we should have a northerly branch of Wansdyke to correspond 
with the southerly branch at Bedwyn Brail. But this must remain pure 
speculation at present ; and as the intervening land has all been under 
cultivation for centuries there is little hope that the question can be solved 
merely by observation in the field. 

(9.) Ejusque valli serie inputtan [Ti\ealh. This is clearly Puthall Farm. 
In the field on the N.E. of the present house is a square earthwork which 
is clearly of considerable antiquity. There can be little doubt that this 
farm occupies a site which has been inhabited since Saxon times. As is so 
often the case with these old homesteads, the borders of the adjacent fields 
are deeply trenched, and the fields themselves contain many balks or lynchets. 
In the 1300 Perambulation mention is made near here of the " croft" of St. 
Margaret at the Butte. 

(10.) Et sic in longun aggeris to hulcan pytte. There is only one 
pit near that suits the context. It lies about 80 yards due north of 
the parish boundary at the south-west corner of Hen's Wood. The Roman 
road passes immediately to the north of it. It is a deep and ancient chalk- 
pit, nowentirely overgrown, and it is not marked on the Ordnance map (1900). 

(11.) Indeque in longum vallis et sic emenso spatio stratse in quoddam 
petrosum clivum. One need not hesitate to amend " 'ya//^s " into " ^'a^/^." 
The reading ^^ vallis'' (valley) is quite impossible here, as the bounds run 
near the watershed and parallel with it, and do not even cross a valley. 
The " rampart " must be the one thrown up to mark the boundary. That 
being so, there is, it must be admitted, but little justification for supposing 
that in stage 8 a pre-Saxon defensive earthwork is referred to. 

The most interesting point in this sector is the mention of " strata " — a 
translation of " strete," both of which words always describe a made road. 
Before identifying this portion of the bounds I had discovered the course 
of the Roman road from Cunetio to Spinae through tien's Wood. It runs 
roughly parallel with the parish boundary at a maximum distance of 100 
yards, decreasing eastwards. Eventually the Roman road appears to come 
into line with the Bath road half-a-mile west of [farrow Farm. The Hen's 
Wood portion of the Koman road probably began to decay when Cunetio 
was abandoned ; and it was superseded by the present Bath road when 
Marlborough took the place of Cunetio. The present wavy line of the 
parish boundary may be accounted for in this way : — the limits of Bedwyn 
extended up to the line of the Roman road while it was still in use ; as 
usual, however, the traflic did not keep to the causeway, but strayed] 
alongside it over a belt of considerable width. That belt would be very* 
wide here, where the capping of clay on the hill top would make each track 
soon become foul; every time this happened a fresh one would grow up 
alongside and so on until the edge of the hill was reached, when the 



By 0. G. S. Crawford. 297 

process would begin all over again. In this way the whole southern part 
of Hen's Wood, which is over a quarter of a mile wide, may have been 
covered with tracks. When the road was finally abandoned the trampled 
region would be left waste, and in this case, would be a neutral ground 
between Ramsbury and Little Bedwyn. Eventually it became incorporated 
in the nearest parish, and the southern limit of straying became the line of 
demarcation. That this was so is, in fact, suggested by the words " emenso 
spatio stratae" whatever the precise intention of the phrase may be. 

The same kind of thing has happened on Groveley Ridge in the case of 
the Roman road from Old Sarum to the Mendips ; and the conditions are 
identical — clay upon a ridge of chalk. " Petrosum clivum'' is a translation 
of '' Stan clify There is no clue to its whereabouts; it might have been 
anywhere now on the slopes of this very stony ridge. 

(12.) Et ex eo haldwines heath app . . . supy^enium sicque [iifi] 
quoddam vallum ejusque tramite progressum in ilium vallum [ablaustro 
hulcan pyttes. This " hulcan pytte " cannot possibly be the same as 
the previous one. " Baldwines healh " is probably the valley up which 
Little Bedwyn parish projects in a peak. The copse called Rudge Firs 
was called Ball's wood in 1846, which may be a reminiscence of Baldwin, 
but the name Ball is common in field-names hereabouts. An old chalk-pit 
is marked in the Ordnance map {Sheet xxix., S.E.) in the south of Scrope's 
Wood, which adjoins Ball's Wood. It is suitably placed for identification 
with this ^^ hulcan pytte, ^^ but I have not been able to inspect it. 

(13.) Sicque. in longum valli progressa in ilia antiqua monumenta in 
locum ubi'.a ruricolis dicitur. aet tham holen stypbum. sicque in illos gabulos. 
in longum gemaerweges. to wadbeorge. sicque of wadbeorye in ilium fontem 
qui dicitur forsca butma. et ejus ex alveo intrat bedewindan. indeque item 
in cymenesdene. There is no clue to any of these points until Bedwyn except 
^^ forsca burna,'' which is clearly the Froxtield stream. In a grant of land in 
A.D. 803 — 805 (C,S. 324), mention is made of Mildenhald, Forscanfeld, and 
Bedewinde, the middle one being, of course, Froxfield. 

" Gemserweges." I fancy that these mark- ways generally went not only 
along the boundaries of manors, but rather along the edge of the 
<jultivated, and generally enclosed, land. 

Gabulos. [" Gabulum means a cross or crucifix in Celtic and O.E. Latin." 
W. H, S.] 

III. Burbage, A.D. 961. Copied from Claudius, B.vi., fol. 82 (Brit. 
Mus. Cottonian Library). [Cart. Sax.^ iii., 1067,] This charter is found 
in the Abingdon Chronicle and is printed in the Rolls Series edition of 
that work (vol. i., p. 334). It was a grant by King Eadgar to Abingdon 
Abbey, but the bounds do not enclose any land, as will be seen. 

Aerest on weall weg thonne on tha eorthburg thaet forth be wurt walan 
to mearcwege thonne on wifeles ham westweardne thset forth andlang burg 
beces thonne to wad leage westewearde thonne to meare wege : thset west 
to ig fled wege on tha ac on fileth cumbe thonne andlanges hagan on bidan 
Jiam eastewearde thaet and langes hagan ut to rodleage westewearde thonne 
to heathfeld geate. 

VOL. XLI. — NO CXXXIV. X 



298 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Bnrhage. 

Translation (by Mr. W. H. Stevenson). 
First to Weale-weg ; thence to the earth bury ; thence forth by the tree- 
roots to the boundary (mearc) way ; thence to the west of Wifel's " ham " ; 
thence forth along Burg-bec ; thence to the west of Wad-leah ; thence to 
the boundary {mearc) way ; thence west to Igfled way ; to the oak in Fileth- 
comb ; thence along the haw to the eastward of Bida's " ham " ; thence 
along the haw out to the west of Rod-leah ; thence to Heathfield gate (or 
gap). 

(1.) Aerest on weall weg. The bounds begin at S.W. corner of the- 
modern parish of Burbage, on the hill south of Southgrove Farm. They 
coincide with part of the bounds of Great Bedwyn described above. 

(2.) Thonne on tha eorthhurg. The earthwork at Crowdown Clump 
described above. 

(3.) Thds,t forth he wurt walan to mearcwege. The points which follow 
depend for their identification upon where we assume " burg beces " to begin. 
Topographically, we cannot have arrived there until we have crossed the 
valley running westwards at the foot of the escarpment past the southern end 
of the villages of Easton and Milton Lilbourne. And as the Saxon bound- 
makers had a very keen eye for topographical features, we must, I think, 
restrict '^burg beces^' to the dome-shaped plateau north of this valley^ 
Moreover, if we assume that it extended further southwards the bound- 
marks become too crowded together there and too far apart northwards. 

" Wurt walan " is the western foot of the spur on the southern end of 
which the '^eorthburg" stands. ^^ Mearc wege" is then probably the old 
way called Bishop's Walk. In Hill Field is a very wide, deep cutting, now 
smoothed out by the plough, which is evidently the remains of a very old 
way. It is indicated on the Ordnance Survey map by a nick in the 600" 
contour line close to the parish boundary. 

(4.) Thonne on wifeles ham west weardne. This may mean that " wifeles 
ham " lay to the west of the bounds. It cannot, if our interpretation of 
"burg beces" is correct, mean that the bounds turn westwards. The line 
they take here is a straight northerly one, which has every appearance of 
being original. " Wifeles ham " would then be where the bounds cross the 
Pewsey herepath. 

(On an old map of Easton of 1V35, at the Savernake Estate Office, this 
road, which is nameless there, is the southern limit of the enclosed lands of 
Easton. South of it is marked " Easton fields," but unfortunately the map 
does not show them.^ On the Burbage map of about 1810 the track which 
follows the parish boundary between Hill Field and the modern Bishop's 
Walk is called "Bishop's Way.") 

^ The map is most valuable, since it shows that all the fields north of 
this road were enclosed by hedges at that early date. The hedge-lines 
are mostly the same as those now existing, but there are a few more. All 
the fields, except those immediately round the village, are shown as 
arable. 



By 0. G. S. Crawford. \ 299 

(5.) Thaet forth andlang burg beces. This point has already been 
discussed. It is clear from this passage that the " bee " in question is not a 
stream, since the only one existing here is that which runs westwards from 
the S. end of Burbage village, through to the village of Easton ; and this is 
crossed at right angles to the bounds. " Bee " must therefore mean " back " 
here. 

(6.) Thonne to wad leage ivestewem^de. It is difficult to identify this 
point at all closely. It seems, however, to refer to the western part of 
" burg beces " in the neighbourhood of Conygre Farm and Breach Cottages, 
in Easton parish. Breach Cottages was formerly a farm and the land was 
known as "The Breaches" in 1814, which seems to indicate that it has not 
very long been in existence. 

(7.) Thonne to mearc wege. This in another "mark-way," and it is 
probable that it was crossed and not followed by the bounds. Perhaps it 
survives in the footpath from Westcourt to Wootton Rivers. 

(8.) Th3e,t west to ig feld ivege on tha ac onfileth cumbe. Here we reach 
firm ground again. I have emended ^' ig fled" into "" ig feld.'' As for the 
" way " there is not one but a score, which all converge on the watershed 
of the Kennet and the Salisbury Avon. They lie between the western edge 
of Ram Alley Copse and the modern road from Marlborough to Burbage 
and Salisbury. There seem to have been two main sets (I) from Easton 
through Ram Alley hamlet and copse proceeding along and also parallel 
with the parish boundary, north and, north-west of Ram Alley, (2) along the 
J parish boundary from Bowden farm leaving the boundary where it turns 
N.W. to Ram Alley hamlet. Between the Bowden Farm road and the 
modern Salisbury road are two, one known as Piper's Lane, which was 
stopped up in 1856, and another through Westcourt. All these four roads 
ran parallel and converged at Burbage Wharf, where an old toll-house still 
stands. These tracks seem to be later than those described under (1) and 
to represent alternative routes adopted at one time or another by the roads 
from the Kennet valley settlements to those of Salisbury Plain and to 
Salisbury itself. 

I suspect that the reason for this tendency to shift eastwards is to be 
found in the enclosure of Brimslade Farm. This almost circular appendage 
of the parish of South Savernake was part of the original forest of Savernake. 
It is so described in an Inq. p.m. of 1626— -" The enclosed land . . . 
called Brymslade, otherwise Brymslade Park, late parcel of the Forest 
called Savernake Forrest, a meadow called Iwoodes Meade," etc. ( Wilts 
Inq. p.m., Charles L, p. 21). It is undoubtedly the Iwode of the Middle 
Ages. The western limit of this region was probably the road described 
here as " ig feld way " ; but as the tracks of this road were about a quarter 
of a mile wide, the exact point of the boundary was indeterminate. But 
when Iwode became a park it was necessary to adopt some definite line, 
since a ditch and pale had to be made round the park. Naturally the most 
'easterly pack-trail was chosen, and this trail is actually to be seen to-day 
;alongside the boundary between Ram Alley hamlet and the canal. The 
iboundary ditch goes straight, but the pack-trail has a curved course, the 

X 2 



300 The Anglo-Saxon Bounds of Bedwyn and Bicrhage. 

concave side facing westwards. It is cut through by the boundary ditch 
and must therefore be earlier than it. As the boundary ditch must have 
been made when the park was enclosed (probably in the 13th century), it 
follows that the trail fell into disuse at this period. 

But it is possible to penetrate still further into the origins of these roads. 
A little to the west of Brimslade Farm the Roman road from Cunetio to 
Old Sarum crossed the Vale of Pewsey. It crosses it in a straight line and 
does not attempt to select a favourable point. So long as it was kept in 
repair this did not matter, for the causeway made it possible to cross the 
heavy clay lands in comfort. But it was different when the causeway was 
neglected ; and it was then that a more suitable crossing point was adopted, 
further east and nearer to the watershed. That was the origin of the Ram 
Alley roads and of " igfeld weg." 

The "ac on fileth cumbe." The oak has vanished and apparently left no 
traces. "Fileth cumbe" must be the valley in which the canal and 
railway run. [Mr. Stevenson comments on this passage : — " Fileth cannot 
be connected with^filth, O.E ,fylth,ivom. '' ful" foul. Filithe means ^^hay."] 

It is probable that the modern parish boundary lies about a quarter of a 
mile east of the original Saxon line ; and that its present course dates from 
the enclosure of the Park of Iwode, when the group of pack-trails known 
known as " ig feld weg" were superseded by the Burbage group and the 
present Salisbury road. 

(9.) Thonne andlanges hagan on bidan ham eastewearde {See Great 
Bedwyn, stage 15.) Here, as usual, ^^eastewearde" means that the points 
described lie east of the boundary ; it does not mean that the bounds turn 
eastwards. Were that so the phrase would be " thonne east andlanges 
hagan" etc. 

(10.) Thxt andlanges hagan ut to rodleage westwearde. From here 
onwards it is not possible accurately to restore the bounds. That will be 
possible, however, if a map can be discovered showing the bounds of 
Burbage as they were in about 1760. At this date the Duke's Vaunt stood 
on the northern or eastern boundary of Burbage parish. {See Great Bedwyn, 
stage 24.) It is clear, therefore, that from Leigh Hill {bidan ham) the 
bounds proceed approximately in a straight line northwards, and then 
eastwards and south-eastwards to the Duke's Vaunt. 

(11.) Thonne to heath/eld geate. This is the " heath feld geat " of Great 
Bedwyn. It was discussed on p. 290. 

Maps. 

The following maps, now in the Savernake Estate Office, Durley, have 
been consulted through the courtesy of Mr. Aris, to whom the writer is 
much indebted for his kindness in placing them at his disposal. 

1. — "A Mapp of the inclosed part of the Several Manors at Easton in 
Com: Wilts, belonging to the Right Honourable Charles, Lord Bruce. Sui» 
vey'd Anno. 1735, by John Reynolds." Size 2ljin. X 24in., with 2iin. 
margin. Scale 6^ chains (?) = one inch. [This would be a scale of V5148. 



By 0. G. S. Crawford. 301 

The unit is not stated, but it is almost certain to have been chains. The 
map is very well executed, and the houses even are drawn with minute 
care and presumably with equal accuracy. All the fields are enclosed by 
hedges, and, with the exception of a few close round the village itself, are 
all arable.] 

2. — " A Plan of the Forest of Savernake and of Tottenham Park in the 
County of Wilts, the seat of the Rt. Honble the Earl of Ailesbury, 1786." 
Scale: 11 chains = one inch (V8712). On vellum. 

3. — Large roller-map of Burbage. No date or scale. [Notes in a later 
hand give the dates at which some of the copses were cut. The earliest of 
these is 1813. As the canal-tunnel, made in 1810, is shown, the map must 
have been drawn between 1810 and 1813.] 

4. — " Map of the Easton Estate in the County of Wilts, belonging to the 
Right Hon''^ the Earl of Ailesbury ; by Claridge <fe Iveson, 1814." Scale : 
6 chains = 1 inch (V5184). 

5. — Large roller-map of " Collingbourn Brunton, Gammons Farm, and 
Blagdon, 1825." Scale not stated. 



302 



WILTS OBITUARY. 

IiOrd Glenconuer, died Nov. Slst, 1920. Cremated, ashes buried 
at Traquair Church, Innerleithen, Peebleshire. Edward Priaux 
Tennant, b. 1859, succeeded his father, Sir Charles Tennant, as 2nd 
Baronet, 1906, and was created Baron Glenconner, of Glen, in Peeble- 
shire, in 1911. Educated at Eton and Trin. Coll., Camb. M.A. 1885. 
" At different times in his life he had travelled extensively, but he was 
-essentially a home man, a keen fisherman and sportsman, actively 
interested in forestry, and devoted to his country places. Glen and 
Wilsford Manor, and his beautiful house in Queen Anne's Gate. (He 
rebuilt the two latter houses.) From his father he inherited great 
wealth, as well as the famous chemical works which were the foundation 
of the family fortune." He was also a director of the JVlysore Gold 
Company and several other big commercial undertakings, and was 
chairman of the Union Bank of Scotland. He held for four years,1911— 
1914, the office of Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly 
of the Church of Scotland. In 1918 he presented to the nation the 
ruins of Dryburgh Abbey. His private picture gallery in Queen Anne's 
Gate, containing many fine pictures, was generously open to the public 
on two days in the week. He sat as Liberal Member for Salisbury from 
1906 to 1910, after unsuccessfully contesting the Partick Division of 
Lanarkshire in 1892, and the united counties of Peebles and Selkirk in 
1900, and was for a time Assistant Private Secretary to Sir George 
Trevelyan at the Scottish office, but he never took a prominent place 
in politics. He took, however, a keen interest in public affairs. He 
married, 1895, Pamela, d. of the Hon. Percy S. Wyndham, of Clouds, 
youngest sister of George Wyndham, and leaves three sons and one 
daughter. His eldest son, Edward Wyndham Tennant, fell in the war. 
His second son, the Hon. Christopher Grey Tennant, aged 21, succeeds 
to the peerage. Before the rebuilding of Wilsford Manor he lived for 
many years at Stockton House. 

Obit, notice, Times, Nov. 22nd, 1920. 

Mrs. Kate Josephine Rogers, died March 23rd, 1921, aged 

45. Buried at Potterne. Her death followed an operation quite un- 
expectedly. She seemed to be at the beginning of an even wider sphere 
of public work and usefulness. Daughter of Henry Edmonstone 
Medlicott, of Sandfield, Potterne, than whom few men ever deserved 
better of the county, she had gained of late years in Central Wilts a 
measure of esteem and affection not less remarkable than that which 
her father had held before her. She married, Dec. 11th, 1899, Capt. 
Henry Paton Rogers, 2nd Batt. Wilts Regt. One week later he sailed 
for S. Africa, where he died of enteric fever in the following May. As 
his widow she continued to live with her parents. Always much 
beloved at Potterne it was the Great War that first gave her the 



Wilts OUtuary, 303 

opportunity of showing her capacity for organisation and influence on 
a large scale. " The Devizes and District Women's Emergency Corps," 
with its head- quarters at the Town Hall, and Mrs. Rogers as its 
chairman and moving spirit, was the centre of all sorts of women's 
war work. Red Cross and otherwise, for the whole of the district. Of 
her remarkable power of leadership and organisation, as well as of her 
personal influence, always cheery and encouraging, in connection with 
this work, a very genuine and feeling appreciation is given by one who 
worked with her throughout, in the Wiltshire Gazette ot March 31st, 
1921. At the same time she served on the Wiltshire War Agricultural 
Committee, and was closely associated with Mrs. Robert Awdry in the 
raising and training of the Women's Land Army in the county. After 
the war she was one of the first two women County Councillors in 
Wiltshire, being returned unopposed for the Potterne district, and 
served on many committees of the council. She had been nominated 
one of the first women Justices of the Peace for the county shortly 
before her death, but had not yet qualified or sat on the bench. She 
was also the first woman member on the District Council and Board of 
Guardians. She was indeed one of that little band of three or four 
pioneers who have begun to show what women can do in the public 
affairs of Wiltshire. Whatever she undertook she carried through with 
the utmost conscientiousness, and with a singular power of impressing 
all with whom she worked with something of her own cheery unselfish- 
ness and commonsense and tact. What those who knew her, whether in 
public or in private life, thought of her was shown at her funeral on 
Easter Monday, of which it has been said that no woman's funeral in 
Wiltshire ever before brought together such a multitude of real mourners 
of every type and class. 

Long obituary notice and account of the funeral, Wiltshire Gazette^ 
March 31st, 1921. 

Kev. George Henry Sanders Atwood, died March nth, 

1921, buried at Bishopstrow, aged 65. Rorn Dec. 29th, 1855. S. of 
Rev. George Dewhurst Atwood, Kector of Hinton, Northants. 
Educated at Marlborough, St. Catherine's Coll., Camb., and Lichfield 
Theological Coll. Deacon 1879, priest 1880 (Worcester). Curate of 
Polesworth, Warws., 1879—83 ; Rector of Bishopstrow, 1883, until his 
death. J. P. for Wilts, 1917. Married, July 23rd, 1889, Helen Amy, d. 
of W. H. Laverton, of Leighton, who with his only son, Lt. George E. 
Atwood, R.N., survives him. A Conservative in politics he was much 
identified with the Unionist Association in the Westbury Division. 
Since 1888 he had been a Guardian, and from 1910 to 1919 Chairman 
of the District Council. He was a member of the Hural Tribunal, and 
Food Control Committee, during the War. He was a manager of 
Wilts Reformatory School, and held many other public offices. He 
was the secretary of the Wilts County Federation of Ratepayers' 
Associations. " A good type of the Country Parson," as he used to be, 
well-known and esteemed round Warminster. 

Obit, notices, Wiltshire Gazette. March 17th ; Wiltshire Times, 
March 19th, 1921. 



304 Wilts OUtuary. 

Stephen Brown Dixon, died March 9th, 1921, aged 82. Buried at 
Pewsey Cemetery. Born August 6th, 1839, at M arlborough. Educated 
at Marlborough Grammar School. Practiced as solicitor. Clerk to the 
Guardians and District Council, Magistrates, Commissioners of Taxes, 
&c., for the Pewsey District for many years. J. P. for Wilts. Married 
first the daughter of Dr. Cooper Forster, and secondly the eldest 
daughter of the Rev. J. H. Gale (" Parson Gale ")» Vicar of Milton 
Lilborne. A son, Capt. Arthur Dixon, and a daughter,Mrs. Middleton> 
survive him. He was the friend of everyone in Pewsey and its neigh- 
bourhood, and the crowds attending his funeral were a proof of the 
universal esteem in which he was held. He was a considerable Geologist 
and the first discoverer of the Paloeolithic flints at Knowle Farm Pit 
which afterwards became so well known. He had formed a representa- 
tive collection of these flints, comprising some of the finest examples 
ever found at Knowle, and these he left to the Wiltshire Archaeological 
Society's Museum at Devizes, together with a few JSTeolithic flints from 
the Pewsey neighbourhood of quite unusual interest. To this gift his 
executors added the case in which the Knowle flints were contained, 
and his Geological books. He was always a good friend of the Society, 
and ready to help substantially in any special work it undertook. 

Long obit, notice and appreciation in Wiltshire Gazette^ March 17th» 
1921. 
He was the author of the following articles : — 
On some uses of Flint Implements. Wilts Arch. Mag.^ xix., 

96—102. 
On the Paloeolithic Flint Implements from Knowle, Saver- 

nake Forest. Ibid., xxxiii., 139 — 144. 
On the Geological Formation of the Vale of Pewsey, ar 
Paper read before the members of the Marlborough 
District of the National Union of Teachers at their 
Annual Meeting on Huish Hill. 13th July, 1906. 
London. Pamphlet, post 8vo, pp. 8. 
The Drift near Marlborough. Marlborough College Nat. Mist. 
Soc. Report, Christmas, 1866, pp. 37—42. [Reprinted at the 
" Times " Ofiice, Marlborough, 1867, as a pamphlet. 8vo, pp. 8.] 
The Origin of Species. Ibid. Midsummer, 1869. pp. 9—15. 
On the Origin of Chalk Flints. Ibid. Christmas, 1881. pp. 100 

—104. 
On Paloeolithic Implements found at Knowle, near Saver- 
nake Forest. Ibid.^ Christmas, 1901. pp. 29—34. 

John Heritage Blake, died April 8th, 1921, aged 72. Buried at 
Beanacre. Born June 7th, 1848, at Steeple Ashton. Eldest son of 
Alfred Blake, J. P., of Codford. Educated at Trowbridge Grammar 
School. Succeeded his uncle, John Heritage, in the brewery business. 
A member of the Trowbridge Local Board and Urban Council for 45 
years, and chairman of Board of Guardians for 24 years. He was also 
chairman of many other local bodies, and was prominently connected 



Wilts Obituary. 305 

with the public life of Trowbridge all his life. J. P. for Wilts, 1900. 
He married first, a daughter of G. N. Haden ; secondly, a daughter of 
Will Pendock, of A.ust, Glos. His only son, Lt.-Col. G. R. Rlake, and 
a daughter survive him. He had lived for many years at Beechfield, 
near Beanacre. 

Obit, notices, Wiltshire Gazette, April 14th ; Wiltshire Times, with 
portrait, April 16th, 1921. 

Rev Francis Edmund Hutchinson, died at Tiverton, April 

17th (?), 1921, aged 90 ; buried at Tisbury. Univ. Coll., Oxon., B.A. 
1852, M.A; 1872. Deacon. 1854, priest 1855 (Oxon). Curate of 
Barford St. Michael, Oxon., 1854—57 ; Alverstoke, 1857—58 ; Chap, 
of Ansfcy, W^ilts, 1878—1900 ; Vicar of Tisbury, 1858—1913, when 
he resigned. Sec. for A.C.S. Diocesan Inspector of Schools and 
Bishop's Ji]xaminer. Chaplain Tisbury Union, 1882 — 1913. During 
his long incumbency at Tisbury he was identified in all sorts of ways 
with the life of the place, and the debt that Tisbury owed to him was 
shown by the crowds attending his funeral. 

Meredith Meredith-Brown, of Nonsuch House, Chittoe, and 
Hullavington, died Dec. 21st, 1920, aged 76. Buried at Hullavington, 
where he had a Hunting Box. Educated at Radley and Trin. Coll., 
Oxford. He was a very notable oarsman, rowing for Oxford in the 
University Boat Races of 1864, 1865, and 1866, as stroke in the two last 
years; and was President of the O.U. B.C. in 1866. After winning 
many other races, he won at the Paris International Regatta in 1867, 
with Mr. Corrie, the World's Champion Pairs. He joined the Stock 
Exchange in 1867, and until within a few months of his death was 
senior partner of Steer Lawford & Co., London. He lived most of his 
time in London, but was well known as a follower and supporter of 
the Beaufort Hunt. At Chittoe and Bromham he was much esteemed 
for the support which he gave to local cricket and football and other 
sports, and for his generous help in charitable and Church matters. 
He married Maria Cotes 1868, and in 1896 erected the Lychgate at 
Hullavington to her memory. His Wiltshire property included, besides 
Nonsuch, the greater portion of Hullavington, Seagry, and Upper and 
Lower Stanton. He was a good musician and organist. 
Obit, notices, Wiltshire Gazette, Dec. 23rd and 30th, 1920. 

Rev. Charles Edward Benedict Barnwell, died at 

Torquay, Jan, 20th, 1921, aged 74. Son of the Rev. Ed. Dowry 
Barnwell, who for the latter part of his life lived at Melksham House, 
and built St. Andrew's Forest Church there in memory of another 
son. Educated Ch. Ch , Oxford, B.A. 1870, M.A. 1873. SarumTheol. 
Coll., 1870—71. Deacon 1871, priest 1873 (Salisbury). Curate of 
Calne, 1871—5 ; Farnham, 1877—80 ; St, Mary's, Boltons, W. Brompton, 
1880—83; Vicar of Southbroom, 1883—1897, when he resigned and 
retired to live at Bath until after the death of his wife, when he 
moved to Torquay. He was a man of much ability, a scholar, a 



306 Wilts Obituary. 

preacher of unusual power, and an organiser, who is still remembered 
at Southbroom as the " appreciations " which follow a long obituary 
notice in Wiltshire Gazette, Jan. 27th, 1921, show. 

Rev. John Charles Ramsay, died Nov. 2 1st, 1920, aged 53. 

St. Bees Coll., 1892. Deacon 1894, priest 1896 (Manchester). Curate 
of Leesfield (Lanes.), 1894—97 ; !St. Thomas, Eastville, Bristol, 1897— 
1900 ; High worth, 1900—1905 ; Vicar of Bulla vington, 1905 until his 
death. He was a Fellow of the Guild of Church Musicians. 
Obit, notice, Wiltshire ^Vmes, Nov. 27th, 1920. 

Rev. William Hickman, died Dec, 1920. Buried at Ch. Ch., 
Warminster. Wadham Col., Oxon. B.A. 1857; M. A. 1870. Deacon 
1865, priest 1866 (Salisbury). Curate of Warminster, 1865—67. Vicar 
of Christ Church, Warminster, 1867—99, when he resigned. Chaplain 
Warminster Union, 1 877—99. J. P. for Wilts. During his incumbency 
the Church was restored, chancel and choir vestry built, organ, reredos, 
and pulpit added, and the Mission School built in 1868. 
Obit, notice, Wiltshire Times, Jan. 8th, 1921. 

Francis Abel William Taylor Armstrong, died Dec, 

1920. B. at Malmesbury, 1848. Entered G.W.il. service at Swindon 
on leaving school, left it to become an artist. His pictures were mainly 
architectural or landscape subjects. He was a member of the Council 
of the Royal West of England Academy and had much to do with the 
enlargement of the Bristol Art Gallery, which contains two of his best 
pictures. 

Obit, notice, Bristol limes and Mirror, reprinted in Wiltshire 
Gazette, Dec. 9th. 1920. 

£dwln Frederick James, died Feb., 1921, aged 59. Buried at 
Paddington. S. of William James, of Swindon. For many years the 
principal bassoon player at all the London concerts and provincial 
festivals. Musician in Ordinary to H.M. the King, and Chairman of 
the London Symphony Orchestra, &c., &c He was also a prominent 
Freemason. His funeral was largely attended by well-known musicians. 
Long obit, notice, Swindon Advertiser, Feb. 25th, 1921. 

Robert Curtis Harding', died Jan. 23rd, 1921, aged 92. Buried in 
Salisbury Cemetery. B. at Salisbury, Sept. 1st, 1828, s. of Will. Harding, 
a Wesleyan minister, and afterwards a brick and whitening manu- 
facturer, a business which his son continued until he retired in 1907. 
He was for 45 years a member of the Salisbury Board of Guardians, of 
which he became chairman in 1898. Hs served for one term on the 
County Council, and was appointed J. P. for the city in 1 893. Throughout 
his life he rendered good service to the Wesleyan Church. He was 
chairman of the Liberal Association. 

Obit, notice and portrait, Salisbury Times, Jan. 28th, 1921. 



Wilts Obituary. 307 

Canon Edward Russell Bernard, died April 22nd, 1921, 

aged 78. Buried at Wells. B. 1842. Eldest s. of Rev. Thomas Dehany 
Bernard, Canon and Chancellor of Wells. Educated at VVimborne 
Grrammar School, Harrow, and Exeter Coll., Oxford. B.A. 1866, M.A. 
1868. Hertford and Craven Scholar. Fellow of Magd. Coll. 1867—69. 
Deacon 1867,priest 1869(Norwich). Curateof Blick]ing,Norf.,1867— 69; 
Vicar of Tarrant Monkton with Tarrant Launceston, Dorset, 1870—76 ; 
Examining Chap, to Bishops of Salisbury, 1871 — 1909; Vicar of 
Selborne, Hants, 1876—89 ; Public Examiner, Theolog. School, Oxford, 
1881—83; Examiner in Theolog. Tripos., Camb., 1887—88; R. Dean 
of Alton, 1887—89 ; Select Preacher at Cambridge, 1889, 1891, 1900, and 
1912 ; at Oxford, 1889—91 ; Hon. Chaplain to Q. Victoria, 1899—1901 j 
to K. Edw. VII., 1901 — 10 ; Chaplain in Ordinary to K. Geo. V., 1910 
— 11 ; Proctor in Convocation, 1910 ; Rural Dean of Wimborne 2nd 
Portion, 1905 — 07 ; Canon Residentiary of Salisbury, 1889 — 1910, when 
he retired to live at High Hall, Wimborne, his family property. He 
held the Chancellorship of the Cathedral 1894 to 1917, and his stall as 
Preb. and Canon until his death. He married, 1878, the eldest daughter 
of William Nicholson, of Basing Park, Hants. He leaves three 
daughters. At Salisbury he lived in the " South Canonry," where his 
garden was notable for good and rare things. A brilliant scholar 
himself he worked hard in the cause of education and took a prominent 
part in the life of the city and diocese. 

Obit, notices, Wiltshire Gazette, April 28th ; Guardian^ April 29th, 
1921. 

He was the author of the following works : — 

The Path to Preedom. London: J. Nisbet as Co. 1894. 

[Five Sermons on the Epistle to the Galatians.] 
The English Sunday : its origin and its claims. Six 
Lectures delivered in Lent, 1901, in the Cathedral. 
London : Methuen & Co. 1903. [Cloth, Is. M.] 
Great Moral Teachers. Macmillan. 1906. [3s. 6 J. net.] 
A Scheme of Moral Instruction. For Teachers in 
Public Elementary Schools. Edited by £. R. Bernard, 
Canon of Salisbury. John Davis, .13, Paternoster 
How, London. 1907. Boards, Gjin. X 4^in,, pp. 56. Price Qd. 
" Lowries Kensington Series." 
Notes on the Table of Lessons for Holy Days. 
The Atonement. (His last Chancellor's Lectures at Salisbury.) 
He also contributed to Smith's Dictionary of the Bible and 
Hasting's Bible Dictionary. 

Baldomero Hyacinth de Bertodano, 2nd s. of Kamon, 

5th Marquis del Moral, died April 16th, 1921, aged 76. Buried at 
Kensal Green Cemetery. B. May 13th, 1844, he came to live at Cow- 
bridge House, Malmesbury, about 22 years ago. Vice-chairman of the 
N. Wilts Conservative Association, he took an active part in local 



308 Wiltshire Books, PampJilets, and Articles. 

politics, and was a prominent Freemason. He was a breeder of Dexter 
cattle, and an expert turner in wood and ivory. He never married^ 
Much respected for his kindness and generosity in many ways. 
Obit, notices, Wiltshire Gazette, April 21st and 28th, 1921. 

Rev. Francis Houssemayne Du Boulay, died April leth, 

1921, aged 93. Exeter Coll., Oxford, B.A. 1849, M.A. 1851. Deacon 
1851, priest 1852 (Salisbury). Curate of Heddington, 1851—53 ; Rector 
of Heddington, 1853—98, when he retired to live at Ealing. Rural 
Dean of Avebury, 1866—75. 

Rev. Maitland Edward Snepp, died April ioth,i92i, aged 73. 

Buried at Wallingford. King's Coll., London. Deacon 1872, priest 
1873 (Lichfield). Curate of Wellington, Salop, 1872—74; Whitby, 
1874—1875 ; E. Twickenham, 1875—78 ; Chap, at Gothenburg, 1878— 
86 ; Vicar of Broomfield, Som., 1886—88 ; Vicar of Lyneham, 1888— 
1909, when he resigned. 



WILTSHIRE BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, 
AND ARTICLES. 

[N.B. — This list does not claim to be in any way exhaustive. The Editor 
appeals to all authors and publishers of pamphlets, books, or views, in 
any way connected with the county, to send him copies of their works, 
and to editors of papers, and members of the Society generally, to send 
him copies of articles, views, or portraits, appearing in the newspapers.] 

A Complete Guide to Wiltshire. By L. D'O. Walters. 
London: Sach & Co, 155, Victoria Street, S.W. 

Cloth, 7jin. X 5in., pp, 363. Three folding maps with roads marked 
in red, and maps of the county as end-papers. 

The author claims to have supplied the want, hitherto existing, of 
" one book dealing with the county as a whole, giving account of every 
town and village, ancient remains, and celebrated houses, exact mileage, 
description of road and footpath, details of railways, and the names of 
inns and hotels all under one cover." Both in its form and contents 
the book is obviously intended in the first place for the cyclist and the 
motorist. It is arranged in 23 "routes" following the main roads 
through the county — but as for the footpaths it is apparently tacitly 
assumed that nobody will want to walk anywhere, and that their 
existence is therefore not worth troubling about. In any case they are 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 309 

not mentioned. The account of the Churches is unequal, in many 
cases a sufficient abstract of the notes of Mr. Pouting and other writers 
in the Wilts Arch. Mag. is given, in others, however, the account is 
confined to the statement that the Church " consists of an embattled 
western tower, nave, N. & S. aisles, and chancel," which tells you 
nothing that you cannot see with your own eyes as you enter the 
building, and sometimes the abstract has been made without much 
understanding of the original, e.g.^ at Avebury, " Originally here was a 
Saxon building, and without the nave a projecting string cross {sic) of 
the 1 1 th century remains, whilst two windows at the west end of the nave 
are of the same date, and the nave roof is the original one." The author 
makes a good point by mentioning the existence of any remarkable 
Church plate. He also in most cases gives the suggested etymology of 
the place names, relying for this on Mr, Longstaff's volume. On the 
other hand the prehistoric remains of the county are for the most part 
treated somewat curtly. Flint "plates" are said to have been found 
at the foot of Silbury, a rather unfortunate misprint for " flakes." The 
age and purpose of Wansdyke " are alike conjectural," no mention 
being made of the Pitt-Rivers excavations which settled its post-Roman 
age. The " Avenue " at Stonehenge is not identical with the " Cursus." 
The museums both of Salisbury and Devizes are quite inadequately 
dealt with. The former is allowed 21 lines, the latter 16. John 
Britton's "Celtic Collection" is said to be one of the chief attractions 
of the latter. There are a good many other points which require 
correction. The Bishop's Palace at Salisbury is said to be of the 1 5th 
century, whereas a great part of it is really of the 13th, and coeval with 
the Cathedral ; the Roman relief at Easton Grey House is said to be a 
" carved fragment of a procession " ; Cnicus tuberosus is printed Omc2<s ; 
the brass at Clyff*e Pypard is of the 14th, not the 13th century; the 
account of Upper Upham House describes it as it was, not as it is now 
swallowed up in a large modern house built in the same style ; the 
effigy of the " Boy Bishop " at Salisbury is mentioned as though it was 
actually that of a chorister bishop, and not, as in all probability it is, the 
diminutive effigy of a real bishop ; the Saxon cross shafts and body stones 
at Ramsbury are said to have been found " beneath the site of a 
Saxon Church which stood parallel to the present building," giving the 
impression that there was an earlier Church on a different site from 
the present, the fact being that the stones came from the foundations 
of the chancel arch, and from a wall just outside and parallel with the 
existing wall of the chancel. On the whole the book is a useful guide 
to the county, larger and in many cases with fuller information than 
Heath's " Little Guide to Wiltshire," with which it naturally challenges 
comparison, though in some ways the latter still has advantages over 
its rival, but it is not all that its author claims for it. The record of 
the mileage along all the routes from village to village is a very helpful 
feature. 

The Boy Bishop at Salisbury and elsewhere. A 
Lecture delivered in Salisbury Cathedral on 



310 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

Monday, February 7th, 1921. By the Rev. 
J. M. J. Fletcher, Canon of Salisbury. Price sixpence. 

Salisbury, Messrs. Brown & Co., Limited, Canal. H. Simmonds, 
High Street. Pamphlet, cr. 8vo. ; pp. 23. 

Canon Fletcher has done well to accede to the request that this 
most valuable and interesting lecture should be printed, lie begins 
by demolishing the legend that the diminutive effigy of a bishop now 
lying in the nave of Salisbury Cathedral is that of a chorister iDishop 
who died during his brief tenure of office. This effigy was discovered, 
probably in 1616 — 19, under the seats near the pulpit, and John Gregory, 
then the most learned member of the Cathedral body, having found 
Bishop Roger de Mortival's statute relating to the " Chorister Bishop " 
jumped to the conclusion that this was the monument of such a Boy 
Bishop and stated that conclusion as a fact. The account of the Boy 
Bishop included in his " Posthuma," published first in 1649, three years 
after his death, has been followed by almost every guide book to 
Salisbury, and Description of the Cathedral from that day to this, and 
continues to be so given in the latest " Complete Guide to Wiltshire " 
published in the present year. Canon Fletcher follows Stothard, 
Mackenzie Walcot, Canon Rich Jones, Sir William Hope, and other 
recent authorities in the contention that the effigy is that of a real 
bishop (just possibly Bishop Richard Poore himself) whose body was 
buried elsewhere, whilst his viscera were interred in the Cathedral. 
Many diminutive effigies marking the site of heart burials are known. 
In Wiltshire there are the diminutive incised figure of a forester at 
Steeple Langford and the effigy of a priest at Britford. Canon 
Fletcher suggests that the curious custom of the appointment of a 
chorister bishop originating in the Christian adaptation of the Roman 
Saturnalia at Christmas, was largely due in Western Europe to the 
popular cult of St. Nicholas of Myra in the 12th century. In any 
case the custom was in vogue at Old Sarum before 1219, and Canon 
Fletcher mentions nine other English Cathedrals and many other 
great Abbeys and Churches where it prevailed. At Old Sarum in 
1219 there was a gold ring for the Bishop of the Innocents, and at 
Salisbury during the reign of the Boy Bishop (on Holy Innocents' 
Day) the choristers and the canons actually changed places in the 
choirs. Canon Fletcher describes the existing services and sermons of 
of the Boy Bishop, and the customs connected with the observance in 
various Churches, and gives the names of twenty-one holders of the 
office at Salisbury between 1338 and 1473. The custom was abolished 
in England by Royal Proclamation in 1541. It existed in France 
until 1721, and exists still at the College of the Propaganda at Rome. 
It does not appear whether the existing institution of the " Bishops 
Boy " amongst the choristers, a custom peculiar to Salisbury, has 
any connection with the Boy Bishop. He is formally admitted to 
his office by the Bishop, and his duty is to ascertain before each 
service in the Cathedral whether the Bishop will be present, and if so 
to walk before him in procession. 



Wiltshire BookSy Pamphlets, and Articles. 311 

Rebuilding Stoneheng^e, Britain's most Ancient 

Temple, By Harold Shepstone, F.R.G.S, Short article in Home 
Words, March, 1921, pp. 32, 33. Three illusts. : A Human Sacrifice at 
Stonehenge"; " Jacking one of the Leaning Stones"; "Lintel Stone 
ready to be lifted by the crane." The author speaks in a most mis- 
leading way of " re-building " and " restoring the monument to some- 
thing of its former grandeur," makes the curious statement that it 
" covers over 20 acres," describes the work of jacking up the stones 
with only moderate accuracy and regards the presence of cremated 
interments in the " Aubrey holes " as being a proof of the practice of 
human sacrifice. 

Tisbury. (Fast and Present). With Maps. By 

Mrs. E. Miles. Second edition. Printed by Bennett Bros., 
Salisbury [1920]. 8vo. Boards, pp. 95. 3s. net. Sketch folding 
maps of Tisbury in 1867 and 1917. 

The value of this book lies in its record of the institutions 
which have come into existence and the changes which have taken 
place in the last 100 years. The ancient history of the place is 
indeed touched on but as the author says in the preface she 
is largely indebted to ^^ Memorials of Old Wiltshire" for the 
sections on Place Farm, Wardour Castle, &c. Her strength lies in 
the careful details and dates which she gives of the various schools, 
chapels, Churches, and other buildings, which have arisen in the later 
19th and 20th centuries. These modern happenings are generally 
ignored by topographical writers, or if mentioned at all are not thought 
worth treating in detail. Mrs. Miles on the contrary rightly spends 
her care on these matters, with the result that her little book will 
become a mine of reference which will continually increase in value 
with the passage of the years. To-day many of her details are probably 
commonly remembered in Tisbury ; 50 years hence on the contrary 
hardly any of them will be known, and then *' Tisbury, Past and 
Present " will come into its own. Thirteen pages are devoted to the 
" Great War," its effects on Tisbury, and the war work of all sorts that 
sprung up there, as in every other town and village, are all carefully 
described. The book concludes with 24 pages of " Personal Remi- 
niscences " including an account of various members of the Osmund 
family, to which the author belongs, from 1753 downwards. 

Peeps into the Past. Supplementary Notes on 

*' Savernake in the Vale." By W. Maurice ^dams. 

Printed in the Marlborough Times, 1920, in 13 sections as a supple- 
ment to a similar series which appeared some years ago. 

The author begins with a popular account of Palaeolithic and 
Neolithic man. He then describes the opening of a Bound Barrow 
" on the eastern side of Fairmile Downs, in a field forming part of the 
farm formerly in the occupation of Mr. Hawkins, of Wexcombe," in 
the early sixties, by A. G. Stallard, son of Rev. Geo. Stallard, Vicar of 



312 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

East Grafton. A Roman coin was found near the surface, beyond this 
only " a little blackened earth having the appearance of being impreg- 
nated with ashes, probably human, and a few pieces of broken pottery " 
were found. The pieces of broken pottery were subsequently buried 
at the foot of a tree on the Vicarage lawn at E. Grafton. He then 
describes the course of the Roman Road through Chute, Tidcombe, 
Marten, and Crofton, as a text for a talk on Roman Roads generally. 
Wansdyke and its post- Roman origin gives opportunity for a chapter 
on the Saxon conquest. In a chapter on the Battle of Bedwyn, A.D. 
675, he quotes a letter from Mr. B. H. Cunnington in which he says 
" I opened a grave or rather a series of graves, five or seven in num- 
ber, for Lord Frederick Bruce, some years ago close to the pumping 
station. The skeletons were in graves radiating from a common centre 
like the spokes of a wheel ... I am sorry I did not make suitable 
notes at the time, and am only writing from memory." Mr. Adams 
also mentions " large quantities of bones " disinterred by the workmen 
in the chalk pit. In his previous articles Mr. Adams had suggested 
that the Battle of Merton, between Ethelred and the Danes, A.D. 871, 
the site of which has been placed in various parts of England, was 
really fought at Marten. He notes that this suggestion has since been 
accepted by Mr. Hodgkin and other writers. The small gold ring 
found in the Roman Villa at Bedwyn Brails, engraved with an irregular 
cross, possibly Christian, is the peg on which hang chapters on the 
early history of Christianity in Britain, the Diocese of Ramsbury, and 
the Pre-Reformation Church generally. 

Reference is made to a drawing of the ancient chapel at Shalborne 
(in possession in 1905 of Miss Barnes of that place), the materials of 
which were used in the construction of East Grafton Church in 1842 — 
3, and to the Chapel of St. Nicholas which stood in " Chapel M eadow " 
adjoining the Manor House of East Grafton, the foundations of which 
were removed in 1844, 

There is a chapter on " The Court," East Grafton, and its grounds, 
called " The Culvery." The building is now cut up into separate tene- 
ments but apparently dates, says Mr. Adams, from the 15th century, 
and in living memory parts of it were called the " Laundry " and the 
" Dairy." It belonged to a family named Jackman at the end of the 
18th and was bought by the Earl of Ailesbury early in the 19th century. 
[A small volume in which these articles have been mounted has been 
presented to the Society's Museum by the writer.] 

A. Schomberg. "A Roll of Arms, 1788." The Genealogist, 1^ .8., 
xxxvii, July, 1920, 5pp. 

** Family of Paradise," by Arthur Schomberg. The Genealogist, 
N.S., vol. xxxvii., Oct., 1920, and Jan., 1921, pp. 8. Abstracts are 
given of the wills of John Paradise of Seend, Gent., 1684 ; Ambrose P. 
of Seend, Gent., 1726; Thomas P. of "Devyse Grene in parish of 
Cannyngs," 1564 ; John P. of Bromham, 1603 ; Frances P., 1603 ; 
Anthony P. of Potterne, 1603 ; Robert P. of Bromham, 1609 ; Thomas 



Wiltshire Books, Pamiihlets, and Articles. ■ 313 

P. of Bromham, 1611; Thomas P. of Bromham, 1622; Will. P. of 
Bromham, 1637 ; Avice P. of Wilton, 1638 ; Alice P., 1648; Richard P. 
of Stert, 1688 ; James P. of Slaughterford, 1692 ; John P. of Stockton, 
1698 ; John P. of Slaughterford, 1699 ; Francis P. Senr. of Devizes 
Gent, 1704; W^ill. P. of Devizes, 1704 ; Frances P. of Devizes, 1706 ; 
Robert P. of Bromham, 1708; Will P., 1713; Roger P. of Devizes, 
1717; Hen. P., Senr., of Devizes, 1726; John P. of Week, in Bps. 
Cannings, 1728 ; John P. of Bromham, 1730 ; Thomas P. of Devizes, 
1731 ; Hester P. of Potterne, 1733. 

HiOUUdway. A series of notes on the parish by Edward Coward appears 
in the Parish Magazine. The January and February, 1921, instal- 
ments are reprinted in Wiltshire Gazette, Feb. 24th, 1921. Mr. Coward 
describes the views from Roundway Down and then gives notes on the 
history of the parish. As to the derivation, the old spelling is 
Ryndweye, from which he suggests the derivation Ryne-way, i.e., the 
way by the stream, on the ground that the original hamlet clustered 
in what is still called " The Dell," near the outbreak of the spring. 
The Nicholas family owned Roundway for 500 years. The site of 
" Nicholas Place," their residence, Mr. Coward places in " Play Close," 
where marks of enclosures, &c., still exist. New Park originally be- 
longed to the Castle of Devizes, but came into the possession of the 
Nicholas family, who built a new residence there on the site of the 
present house. In the middle of the 18th century the property was 
sold to Mr. Willey, from whom it descended by marriage to the Suttons 
and the Estcourts. In 1840 it was sold to Mr. Holford, who in 1841. 
sold it to Mr. Colston, who re-named it " Roundway Park." Mr. 
Coward suggests that Roundway was a more important place in the 
14th century than it is now, and mentions a tradition that it had its 
own Church and Rector. He has lately come across a mention in a 
charter temjj. Ed. II. of the lands and tenements of Robert de Shyrewode 
parson of the Church of Almere in Ryndeweye," and he asks for an 
explanation of " Almere." About 50 yards to the east of the suggested 
site of Nicholas Place the foundations of what he believes to have been 
the Church were found a few years ago. A meadow close by is still 
called the Parsonage, and in the beginning of the 19th century there 
was a cottage called " The Vicarage," or " Abdy's Cottage," and under 
the hill a piece of arable called " Church-furlong" in the 14th century 
still bears that name. There is a " Folly " at Roundway, but why so 
called Mr. Coward does not know. 

'' On a New Chelonian from the Kimmeridge Clay of 
Swindon. By Charles W. Andrews, D.Sc, F.K. S. 

(British Museum, Natural History.) The Annals and Magazine of 
Natural History {ninth series) No. 38. February, 1921.'' 8vo., pp. 
145—153 ; 3 illusts. in text. 

" The Chelonian remains which are the subject of the present notice 
were collected by Mr. A. D. Passmore in 1905. They were found at a 
depth of 12 — 14 feet in blue Kimmeridge clay near the south-east 
VOL. XLI, — NO, CXXXIV. Y 



314 Wiltshird Books, Pamphlets^ and Articles, 

corner of the Recreation Ground, Swindon, and close to the spot from 
which the skeleton of Omosaurus armatus was obtained some years 
before ; remains of Ichthyosaurus and Steneosaurus were also found in 
the immediate neghbourhood. The carapace and plastron, which are 
both well-preserved, were lying in natural association, and from the 
included and surrounding matrix a number of bones of the skeleton 
were collected, adding greatly to the value of the specimen, which, in 
fact, appears to be by far the most complete Chelonian ever obtained 
from this horizon in England, although very numerous and complete 
specimens have been described by Riitimeyer and others from 
contemporary deposits in France, Germany, and Switzerland." 

The carapace and plastron are both figured and minutely described 
at considerable length, as are also the other bones of the skeleton. 
" A certain number of limb bones, vertebrae, and fragments of skull 
were found associated with the shell. The skull fragments are too 
imperfect for description. Of the fore limb and shoulder girdle there 
are present the imperfect right and left scapulee and coracoids, 
together with a left humerus wanting the middle of the shaft, . . . 
One ilium is preserved. . . . An imperfect pubis was found, it is 
much crushed and the median process is broken off. ... Two or 
three imperfect cervical vertebrae are preserved." " There seems no 
doubt that the turtle above described should be referred to the group 
Amphichelydia, as defined by Lydekker and Baur. ... In its 
general form this specimen is very similar to the turtle described 
and figured by Riitimeyer as plesiochelys jaccardi^ but in details of 
structure there are considerable differences. . . . As to its generic 
reference, there is considerable difficulty. ... It seems impossible 
to refer it to the genus plesiochelys^ although in its general structure 
it seems closely allied. It will probably be best to refer it to a new 
genus — Tholemys— its specific name being Tholemys passmorei, in 
honour of Mr. A.D. Passmore, the discoverer of this valuable specimen.'* 
Mr. Passmore is to be congratulated on the fact that this very 
remarkable Wiltshire fossil has received the attention which it 
deserves, and that his own name has been linked with it, as some 
recognition of the care he has bestowed on the collection and 
preservation of the Saurian and other remains of Swindon. 

Mr. Passmore has placed the specimen on loan at the British 
Museum (Nat. History). 

Salisbury. Wyndham Park. An interesting article in Salis- 

bury Times, Jan. 28th, 1921, gives the history of Wyndham House, and 
the surrounding park, of which a large portion was sold about 1875. 
The first houses of the many streets which now preserve in their names 
the remembrance of the Park, Wyndham Road, Wyndham Terrace, 
Park, &c., bear the date 1876. 

Some Old Houses of Devizes. By Ed. Kite. 

No. 7. The " Hazelands," No. 39, New Park Street, Wiltshire 
Gazette^ Dec. 30th, 1920. From the end of the 16th century to the end 



Wiltshire Books, Fawyldets, and Articles. 315 

of the 18th century a town house of the Nicholas family, who held 
lioundway under the Bishop of Salisbury, as of their manor of Bishops 
Cannings for at least 13 ijuccessive generations. John, s. of Robert 
Nicholas of Round way (b. J 559), lived in Devizes, whilst his younger 
brother, Griffin (d. 1635), lived at Roundway. John's son Robert (bap- 
tised 1595), Bencher of the Middle Temple, Town Clerk and Recorder 
of Devizes 1639, and M.P. 1640, was one of the prosecuting counsel at 
the trial of Archbishop Laud. He became Sergeant at Law 1648, was 
appointed one of the assistant judges, but did not act as such, for the 
trial of Charles I., and in 1649 became a justice of the Upper Bench, 
He was at Salisbury on circuit during the Penruddocke rising in 1655. 
After the restoration he appears as " Robert Nicholas, Esq." He 
moved from Devizes to Seend Row and died there Dec, 1667. Mr. 
Kite traces his descendants to Robert Nicholas (b, 1758, d. 1826), M.P. 
for Cricklade, who settled at Ashton Keynes, the home of his grand- 
mother, Bridget Richmond, having sold his Devizes property in 1780 
to John Anstie, clothier. Later on it became the residence of the 
Hazeland family, who gave the house its present name. It is now the 
property of Mr. S. H. Ward. 

No. 8. No. 12, St. John Street. Wiltshire Gazette, Feb. 24th, 
192L This was one of four houses conveyed by Richard Cardmaker, 
cir. 1387 — 90, to the Mayor and Burgesses for the maintenance of a 
Chaplain to celebrate at the altar of St. Leonard in the Ch. of St. John 
Baptist for the soul of the founder. The present half-timbered portion 
fronting St. John's Alley is probably of late 15th or early 16th century 
date. In 1546 it bore the sign of "The Hart," and was occupied by 
John Johnson. The chaplain of Rich. Cardmaker's foundation at this 
date was Thomas Hancock, his income being £6 3s. 4c?. a year. At 
the Reformation the property was forfeited to the Crown, but the 
Mayor and Burgesses purchased the freehold in the 18th century. In 
1599 at the Michaelmas Sessions at Devizes nine innkeepers applied 
for licenses, one being Richard Maundrell, landlord of "The Hart." 
He was Mayor three times. His daughter, Elizabeth, married Nicholas 
Strangridge, Rector of Devizes, and afterwards Vicar of Potterne. 
Robert Maundrell and his wife, Edith, of the same family,were tenants 
of the Manor of Rowde from Q. Catherine Parr, and their son John, of 
Bulkington, husbandman, was one of the Marian martyrs, having been 
burnt at the stake in 1556 at Salisbury. In 1741 "The Hart" had 
become " The Boot," and was leased to Richard Fennell. By 1836 it 
had become "The Wheatsheaf," and was occupied by Will. Dowding. 

IR^amsbury Manor a seat of Sir Francis Burdett, Bt. 

Two excellent articles in Country Lije, Oct. 2nd and 9th, 1920, pp. 
432—439, 468—477, by H. Avray Tipping, admirably illustrated with 
views of " Centre of the East Elevation," " East, or Entrance, and the 
North Elevations," " Centre of the North Elevation," '' West Eleva- 
tion," " South Side and the Orangery," " The Stable Building," " Across 
the Park to the Stables," " West Side seen across the Lake," " Charles 

Y 2 



316 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 

11. Gate Posts and George III. Lodges," " One of the Gate Posts,"^ 
" East or Entrance Doorway." " Bird's-eye View from the South, taken 
from an Aeroplane," " North and East Sides of the Saloon," " In the 
Saloon," " In the Dining Room," " South Wall of the Saloon," " The 
Hall," "North Wall of the Hall," "Dining Room Sideboard," "Detail 
of the Chinese Paper," '■ Inner Chinese Room," " Outer Chinese Room," 
" State Bedroom," " South Staircase," " In the Peacock Bedroom," 
" Corner Fireplace in the South-West Room," "In the Boudoir." 

" Ramsbury is one of the best and least altered of our Charles II. 
houses." "The great manor appears to have been almost the only 
source of emolument for both Bishop and Cathedral establishment 
from the days of (Bishop) Athelstan, who died in 918, until 1058, when 
Ramsbury was united to Sherborne." Bishops Wyvil and Ralph 
Erghum had license to crenellate their mansion at Ramsbury in 1336 
and 1377. Bishop Salcot " exchanged " Ramsbury with Edward 
Seymour, Duke of Somerset and Lord Protector, 1551. On the latter's 
execution it passed to Will. Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, 1552. In 
1572 he proposed to entertain Q. Elizabeth in his house at Ramsbury, 
which must therefore have been a large one, but Mr. Tipping says, 
certainly did not stand on the site of the present house. In 1644 
Richard Symonds notes that it is "a faire square stone house, a brave 
seat, though not comparable to Wilton." Philip, 7th Earl of Pembroke, 
sold the estate in 1676 for £30,155, to "Powle, Whitley and Crabford," 
who re-conveyed it in 1681 to Sir Will. Jones, who was Attorney 
General in 1675. Mr. Doran Webb assigned the present house to the 
early part of Charles Ist's reign, and to John Webb as architect, to 
whom it is also assigned in Neal's "Seats." But Mr. Tipping, on the 
ground that the rain water heads bear the date 1683 and the initials of 
Richard Jones, s. of Sir William, and that the style agrees with this 
date, assigns it to Sir William Jones, who died in 1682, aged 51, when 
the house was probably nearing completion. The stables and the gate 
posts are of the date of the house, but the lodges and the orangery 
were added in 1775. Richard Jones, Sir William's only son, died in 
1685, aged 16, and was succeeded by his uncle Samuel, who died 1686. 
By the death of his great grandson at the age of 22 in 1766 the property 
passed to his sister, Elizabeth,'wife of William Langham,of Cottesbroke,. 
Northants, who took his wife's name of Jones and became Sir Will. 
Langham Jones in 1774. It was he who built the orangery in 1775, 
setting on it the initials " W. J." and the bridge over the lake, added 
the Adam mantelpieces, and largely refurnished the house, with 
the fine Chippendale mirrors, &c., that still remain there. He 
died 1791, leaving no children. His wife's younger sister, Eleanor,, 
married Francis Burdett, s. of Sir Robert, 4th baronet, in 1766. Their 
eldest son, Francis, born 1770, the Radical politician, married Sophia, 
d. of Thomas Coutts, the banker. His son, Robert, died a bachelor in 
1880, when the title and estates passed to the son of Sir Francis's 
younger brother, whose son, Sir Francis, 8th baronet, is the present 
owner. 



Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles. 817 

By Authority. Soldiers Died in the Great War 
1914—19, Fart 58. The Duke of Edinburgh's 
(Wiltshire Reginieut). London, H M. Stationery 
Office. 1921 

Paper covers. lOgin. X 7iin., pp. 59. Price 2s. 6d This official 
list gives the full C.'hristian and surname, number, place of birth, 
enlistment, residence, rank, date and cause of death, and place of 
service, of rather over 4,800 men of the Wiltshire Kegiment who died 
or fell in action during the war. A considerable number of course 
were not Wiltshiremen, though the majority appear to have belonged 
to the county as well as to the Piegiment. 

Report of the Marlborough College Nat. Hist Soc. 
Christmas, 1920, No. 69 

The report is smaller in size than in pre-war days. The ornitho- 
. logical section records several interesting birds observed during the 
year 1920. Siskin, Willow Titmouse, Marsh Warbler, Black Red- 
start (?), Curlew, Whimbrel, and Quail. The botanical list records 
five species new to the district. The total number of plants recorded 
during the year was 289. The entomological section records Limenitis 
Sibylla (white admiral) from West Woods. It was a very bad year 
for Jjepidoptera. Air. E. Meyrick records a new British species, 
Scoparia ulmella, as having occurred at llamsbury. A long list of 
additions to species of Hemiptera recorded for Wiltshire by Mr. 
E. A. Butler is printed. 

Trowbridge Bell Lands. The legend of th^ -origin of the 
charity is imaginatively told in Wiltshire Times, April 30th, 1921. 

Kennet and Avon Canal. Article giving particulars as to the 
history of the canal. Wiltshire Times, April 30th, 1921, 

On the site of the Battle of Bthandune. By i:. A. 

Rawlence, F.S.A. The Antiquaries Journal, Vol. I., No. 2. 
April, 1921. pp. 105—117, 2 maps. This paper is a detailed "en- 
deavour to disprove the possibility of Edington on the Polden Hills 
being the scene of the battle, and to show that an overwhelming mass 
of evidence favours Edington near Westbury." Messrs. Whistler and 
Major, in " The Early Wars of Wessex,^' have set forth the most com- 
plete argument for the Somerset site, and it is to demolish this 
argument that Mr. Pawlence sets himself. He shows that the distances 
of the Wiltshire sites from Athelney as given in that book are much 
exaggerated. " The conspicuous landmark known as Stourton Tower, 
traditionally marks Alfred's camping ground after he lef tAthelney, and 
Henry Hoare about 1766 erected the tower to commemorate the event. 
The old trackway known as 'The Hardway,' a steep ascent from the 
west passing close to the tower, is still known as ' Kingsettle Hill,' 
I whilst the wood immediately to the north is called ' King's Wood.' 

I The Hardway, one of our oldest British trackways running east and 



318 Wiltshire Boohs, PampJilets, and Articles. 

west, after passing through Selwood Forest, crosses the Mere Downs 
and thence goes through Chicklade Bottom eastward. Until the advent 
of the railway this trackway was the great thoroughfare by which fat 
stock from the Somerset grazing lands went to the London and eastern 
markets. Graziers brought their cattle over this trackway to the old 
inn which formerly existed at Chicklade Bottom, where they met the 
up-country dealers, who took the beasts over and drove them to their 
various destinations. My father could remember these transactions." 
Sir U. C. Hoare says " The cause of this spot being selected for such a 
memorial arose from the name of this hill being ' Kingsettle ' and 
therefore supposed to be the spot where Alfred, after quitting his 
solitary retirement in Athelney, first met his adherents." Mr. Kawlence 
goes on " I now venture on a bold suggestion that Alfred's next move 
was not to the ' Fetra Ecbricti ' but to another entrenched camp about 
2 miles north of the town of Shaftesbury to which the same place- 
name (Kingsettle) and traditions attach " ; and that thence he marched 
due north by Knoyle, l^ertwood, and the Ueverills to Westbury. 
Brixton Deverell, and Westbury Leigh, or Penleigh close by, Mr. 
Rawlence accepts as the sites of " Ecgbright's Stone" and " Aecglea " 
or " Iglea." Guthrum's Camp before the battle he places at " Danesley " 
in Luccombe Bottom, E. of Bratton Camp, where he supposes that 
the Danes were surprised by Alfred, 

A. reply to Mr. Rawlence's paper on the Battle of 
EthandunebyAlbany F.Major, OB E. The Antiquaries 
Journal, Vol. I., No. 2, April, 1921. pp. 118—121. In this counter- 
blast Mr. Major acknowledges the errors in distance as given in 
" Early Wars in Wessex " but is satisfied to rely on the fact that the 
agreed distance of 40 miles between Athelney and the Wiltshire sites 
make it impossible for Alfred to have waged war with the Danes in 
Wiltshire " untiringly " from Athelney. He also naturally doesn't 
think much of other points in Mr. Rawlence's argument, and the result 
will doubtless be that to the end of time Somerset men will go on 
believing in the Polden Kdington, and Wiltshire men will with equal 
vehemence pin their faith to Edington by Westbury as the site of the 
Battle of Ethandune — for in the nature of things no new evidence on 
either side is ever likely to be discovered. 

Stoneheng'e. An article in the Star, reprinted in Wiltshire Gazette, 
Feb. 17th, 1921, on the miscellaneous objects found during the recent 
excavations is irreverently but not unfairly funny in the deductions it 
draws from the bottle of old port, the Lee-Enfield cartridge case, &c., 
&c., and the theories as to the purpose of Stonehenge which it founds 
thereon. Moreover it is written by somebody who is not wholly 
ignorant of the matter. 

The Parish Church, Bradford-on-Avon, Wilts, with 
a short account of the Saxon Church. By the Eev. 



Wiltshire Books, Pam'pldets, and Articles. 319 

A. T. Richardson, M.A., M.B.E. Printed and published by Wm. 
Dotesio, The Library Tress, Bradford-on-Avon, 1920. 

Pamphlet, cr. 8vo., pp. 24. Price Qd, A handy little booklet with 
a photo of the Parish Church from the river on the cover, and iilusts. 
of the Saxon Church, the interior of the Parish Church, and a plan of 
the latter. The architectural history of the Parish Church is given 
somewhat fully. As regards the difficult problem of the 15th century 
reredos now in the middle of the north wall of the north aisle, Mr. 
Ilichardson suggests that a Lady Chapel of the 13th century occupied 
what is now the east end of the north aisle. In 1420 Reginald Hall 
provided an endowment for a Chantry Priest to serve at the altar of 
St. Nicholas. This chapel Mr. Ilichardson supposes to have been the 
western part of the present north aisle, divided from the Lady Chapel 
by a cross wall in which stood the altar and reredos at present in the 
north wall, and that subsequently in the latter half of the 15th 
■ century the cross wall was taken down so as to throw the two chapels- 
into one aisle, and the altar and reredos of St. Nicholas' were placed 
in the north wall as near their original positions as possible so that 
the Chantry Priest might still officiate there. It is a curious point 
but is there any precedent for the supposition that an altar and 
reredos would thus be placed in a north wall facing south, whilst they 
continued in use ? The account of the Church plate is not quite 
correct, the '' undated " chalices are of 1564 and 1634, to which latter 
one of the patens also belongs. 

Swindon Museum was formally opened November 27th, 1920. It 
stands at the corner of Regent Street and Victoria Road, and wa& 
originally a Roman Catholic Church. Mr. C. H. Gore is the first 
curator. Some account of the collections exhibited appears in the 
account of the opening, Wiltshire Gazette, November 4th, 1920. 

Kelly's Directory of Hampshire, Wiltshire, and 

Dorsetshire. New edition, 1920. IMce complete, -fc'3. Wiltshire 
alone, 18s, 

B. H. Cunnington. Report of a lecture on " Periods of Prehistoric 
Man in Wiltshire" to the Devizes Branch of the Workers Educational 
Association. Wiltshire Gazette, Nov. 4th, 1920. 

The Laying" of the Foundation Stones of Salisbury 
Cathedral. The Monastery at Eding ton. Chip- 
penham during the Civil Wars. Three short articles in 
Wiltshire Times, Nov. 27th, 1920. 

"Swift, Steele, and Addison," by J. A. Strahan. Article in 
Blackwoods Mag., Oct., 1920, p.p. 493—510. (Addison, pp. 504— 510 ) 

Discoveries at Amesbury. By Sir Iiawrence Weaver ^ 

K.B.E., B-S.A. The Antiquaries Journal, yo\. L, No. 2. April, 
1921, pp. 125—130. 4 iilusts. 



320 Wiltshire Books, Pamyhlets, and Articles. 

This is an account of the Bronze Age interment 175 yds. N.E. of 
Ratfyn Barrow on the Ministry of Agriculture's Farm Settlement at 
Amesbury, and simply repeats the reports of Mr. Percy Farrar and the 
Rev. G. H, Engleheart, an abstract of which was given in Wilts Arch. 
Mag., xli., 190, Dec. 1920, with the addition of notes by Mr. Reginald 
Smith on the Stone Axe- Hammer which is to be placed on loan in 
Salisbury Museum. This he regards as of the earliest Bronze Age. It 
is slightly dished on the top and both faces, and its depth and maxi- 
mum breadth are both Ij inches. Of the pottery fragments, one with 
a bevelled lip seems to belong to an exceptionally large " Drinking 
Cup " or " Beaker" ; the other fragments are not of vessels of this type 
but may be of cinerary urns. This, the earliest type of Stone Axe- 
Hammer in Britain, Mr. Smith suggests was an imitation in stone of 
the Copper Axe- Hammers made in Hungary perhaps 1000 years before 
copper or bronze appeared in Britain, of which one has been found in 
Norway. There is no proof, he says, that such Stone Axe-Hammers 
were made in our Neolithic period. 

Amesbury: its Abbey, its Church, and its Saint. 
Notes compiled by Ethel J. Windley. The Faith 
Press, Leighton Buzzard, London, &c. 3rd Impression, 1917. 

Pamphlet, cr. 8vo, pp. 31. Price Qd. Good photos of Church from 
S.E. and N.E., Font (old), Norman pillars (of doorway outside W. end 
of Ch.), Jesus Chapel (interior), Guinevere window (exterior). Abbess's 
seat, piscina, chancel screen, interior of Church from W.end, remains 
of fresco of S. Melor ? 

Beginning with a slight sketch of the legendary story and the history 
of Amesbury and the Abbey, the greater part of the book is taken up 
with an excellent description of the Church, dwelling on all its points 
of architectural interest ; just such a description, indeed, as the visitor 
wants. She assumes without question that the Church is the Church 
of the Abbey, and that some 40 feet of the west end was destroyed at 
the suppression. 

She notes the fragment of a Saxon cross head with interlacing work ; 
the 12th century doorway outside the present west end of the nave, 
which she regards as leading into the cloisters ; the fragments of old 
glass in the 14th century window on the S. side of the chancel ; the 
faint wall painting of St. Melor ; the screen restored to the Church 
after an absence of sixty years, showing traces of the returned stalls, 
^nd of two small side altars against its western face; and the square 
Purbeck marble bowl of the l'2th century font with its 14th century 
base, which was found broken to pieces and buried under the chancel 
floor. She mentions a tradition that an underground passage led up 
from the Abbey to the N. end of the transept and says that, during 
excavations for underpinning the walls, a blocked up doorway beneath 
the ground level was found at this point. 

In 1863 the present east window. Early English of Butterfield's 
design, took the place of the good 15th century window existing before, 



Wiltsliire Books, Paiwpldets, and Articles. 321 

and the three lancets at the end of the S. transept are also Butterfield's, 
replacing 18th century work which was there before. 

A description of the bells, a poem on " Ambresberia," and an account 
of the Cornish boy saint, St. Melor, and the arrival of his relics at 
Amesbury, finish an excellent little guide book. 

HHediseval Craftsmen. A Guide to the Architecture 
of Amesbury Church By Llewellyn Williams, 
ARI.BA [1920] 

Pamphlet, 7^in. X 4fin., pp. 15. 

The writer of this little book, an architect himself, uses Amesbury 
Church as the peg on which to hang a short and well written essay on 
the development of architecture in England, and its connection with 
the history of the country as a whole and the local history of Amesbury 
in particular. Whilst he deals with the details of the building step by 
step, he dovetails in a series of pictures of contemporary events such as 
the extraordinary outburst of Church building in the 13th century and 
the Black Death in the middle of the 14th. " To English mediaeval art 
this epidemic delivered a blow from which it never recovered. The 
LondonSchool of Masons, whichuntil then had been the most progressive 
in the kingdom, ceased to exist . . . when the Black Death had 
passed it was the Gloucester masons who took up the torch." He 
seems to regard the "ball flower" ornament as especially a mark of 
West Country (Gloucester & Somerset) work. Of the Pre-Norman 
Church he says: — Of this early Church no part remains except a 
foundation of a wall at the west end found below the ground in 
1920, close to the old gate pier, and the base of a column buried in the 
thickness of the nave wall beside the north-west pier of the tower. It 
will be noticed that the plinth of this column is out of alignment with 
•the existing building, as the axial line of the older Church was slightly 
more towards the north." Throughout he assumes without question 
that the existing Church is the Church of the Abbey, an assumption, 
it will be remembered, most vigorously controverted by the late Mr. 
Talbot in Wilts Notes and Queries, vols. III. and IV., and Wilts Arch. 
-Mag., xxxi., 8. 

The roof of the nave, he says, as it stands, contains much poor carving 
mixed with good, and he suggests that possibly it was made up of old 
work after the Dissolution. This is a most readable little booklet and 
an excellent guide to the Church. 

Cricklade. The Meeting Place of Augustine and 
the British Bishops. By J. Lee Osborn. New 
and enlarged edition. Cirencester, 1921. 

Pamphlet, cr. 8vo, pp. 23. lUusts. of " St. Augustine's Oak formerly 
in the Garden of St. Sampson's Vicarage," "St. Mary's Church with 
Cross," and "Interior," "St. Sampson's Church with old Market 
Cross," and " Interior." As may be supposed from the title, some 
considerable space is devoted to the story of Augustine and the British 



322 Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets^ and Articles. 

Bishops, and Gospel Oak as their meeting place, and though " absolute- 
certainty" is not claimed for Bishop Browne's conjecture, " a high degree 
of probability" is. The arguments which to many seem conclusive 
against the claims made for "Gospel Oak" are not referred to, but 
whatever may be thought of those claims the author is at least to be 
thanked for reproducing a good photograph of the tree stump as it 
stood formerly in the garden of the Vicarage before the remains of it 
were removed to the Church, ^axon Cricklade and its mint, mediaeval 
Cricklade, the charter, manor, and charities are touched on, and then 
the architecture of the two Churches is described, and it need not be 
said, quite fully and well described. A very useful little booklet. 

Sir Richard Burbidge. Among the biographical sketches in- 
^''Modern Men of Marh^^ by Mrs. Stuart Menzies. Herbert Jenkins. 
London. 1920. 

** Our First and Last/' by Maurice Hewlett. Nineteenth Century,. 
Feb., 1921, pp. 294 -300. On the character, the morals, and the value 
of the Wiltshire Peasantry, a very true and appreciative article. 

Two supplements to the "Tercentary Handlist of 

English Newspapers " (compiled by T. G. Muddiman and 
pubd. by The Times), by Mrs. Herbert Richardson in Notes and Queries^ 
No. 150, 12th Series, Feb. 26th, 1921, and No. 154, March 26, 192U 
The first is mainly from the point of view of Wiltshire Newspapers, 
the second on wider lines. 

Sir Christopher Wren. " The Complete Building Accounts of the 
City Churches (Parochial) designed by Sir Christopher Wren. By 
Lawrence Weaver, F.S.A." .4rc^a9o/o«7^a, LXVI.,pp. 1— 60. One plate. 

[The Salisbury Avon at Woodford, &c.] " February Fill 

Dyke, the record of a day's Pike Fishing." By "George Southcote" 
(Major-Gen. Sir Geo. Aston, K.C.B.). Country Life, Feb. 12th, 1921,. 
pp. 197, 198. 3 



The English works of George Herbert, newly 
arranged and annotated and considered in re- 
lation to his Life. By George Herbert Palmer^ 

Boston, xMass. : Houghton, Mifflin. London : Constable. 1920. 50s. 
net. Three vols ; Vol. I. pp. xx. + 443 ; II. xiv. + 431 ; III. 485. 

*' Fay Inchfa^Wn " (Mrs. Atkinson Ward, of Bradford-on-Avon). 
An appreciation of her writings, by W. Grinton Berry in Sunday at 
Home, Jan. 1921, with portrait. 

" A Wiltshire Shepherd." Art. by "A Passer by," in Wiltshire 
Gazette, Dec. 30th, 1920. 






Boohs, Painphlets, and Articles hy Wiltshire Authors. 323 
**St. Martinsell, the background of England, by 

Wilfrid Ewart." Country Life, March 6th, 1920, pp. 295, 296. 
An imaginative article on Martinsell (why "St. Martinsell"?), with 
" wolf platforms " and " pit dwellings," and so on. 



J^OOKS, PAMPHLETS, AND APvTICLES 
BY WILTSHIKE AUTHOKS, 

Major- Gen, Sir George Aston, K.O.B. (Woodford and 

Salisbury). " Letters on Amphibious Wars. London. John Murray. 
1911." 8vo, pp. XV. + 372. Eight maps. 

- — — " Sea, Land, and Air Strategy, a Comparison. London. 
John Murray. 1914." 8vo pp. xi. + 308. Four maps. 10s. 6d 

- •— "The Triangle of Terror in Belgium. London. John 
Murray, 1918." Post 8vo, pp. xiii. + 105. 2s. Qd. 

— — ■ " Jargon in the (xreat War." Nineteenth Century, March, 

1918, pp. 603-610. 

- '■' Clausewitz and the Kaiser-battle, the Culminating 

Point." Evening Standard, April 3rd, 1918. 

— - — — "The Saving of France in 1914." Corfihill Mag. ^ Apvih 

and May, 1918. May, pp. 574—587. Three plans. 
— — "Violence and Cunning, the Lesson of Brest andi 

Bucharest." Nineteenth Century, June, 1918, pp. 1125 — 1136. 

"For all Prisoners and Captives." Cornhill Mag., Oct. 

1918, pp. 337— 352. 

" The Fourth Dimension in the War." Nineteenth Cen- 
tury, Nov., 1918, pp. 814—824. 

, " VVar Lessons New and Old. London. John Murray. 

1919. 8vo, pp. viii. + 1 + 272. Ten illusts. and maps. 

■ " Memories of a Marine, an Amphibiography. London. 

John Murray. 1919." 8vo, pp. 10 + 302. Nine illustrations. 12s. 6d 
net. (A large portion of these memoirs appeared serially in Cornhill 
Mag. during 1919). Reviewed Times Litt Supp., Nov., 13th, 1919 ; 
Spectator, April 3rd, 1920. 

" The Battle for Man-Soul " ( M arch to July, 1918). Nine- 
teenth Century, Feb., 1919, pp. 828—340. Two plans. 

"The Admiralty in the Eighties." Cornhill i/a^, July, 

1919, pp. 97—112. 

" Enterprise and the Bed Ensign." Ibid, 153 — 163. 

"' Military, ' and ' Militarist.'" N ine teeth Century, Oct. ^ 

1919, p. 631— 689. 



-324 Books, Pamphlets, and Articles hy Wiltshire Authors. 
Major- Gen. Sir George Aston, K.C.B. (Woodford and 

Salisbury). " Propaganda and the Father of it." Cornhill Mag , Feb., 
1920, pp. 233—241. 

"How the Next War will be Fought." Nineteenth 

Century, March, 1920, pp. 424—438. 

^^ " Man Power in the next War." Nineteenth Century. 

April, 1920. 

■ "The Morality of Sea Power." Fortnightly Review, 

May, 1920, pp. 802—807. 
" The May Fly is up." By George Southcote, the authority 

on Dry Fly Fishing. Daily Sketch, May 26th, 1920. 
— — "Jutland and Mons (a Comparison)." Cornhill Mag., 

June, 1920, pp. 666—673. 

"Bolshevik Propaganda in the East," Fortnightly Bev. 

Aug., 1920. 

George Wyndhani. " Essays in Romantic Literature. By George 
Wyndham. Edited with an introduction by Charles Whibley. Mac- 
millan, London, 1919. - 

12s. net. 8vo. Contains prefaces to Ronsard, Shakspeare, North's 
Plutarch, Rectorial Address at Edinburgh on the Springs of Romance, 
Charles D' Orleans and Villon (" The Poetry of the Prison "), Eliza- 
bethan Adventurers, Speech in honour of Sir Walter Scott. 'A series of 
essays written on various occasions in the course of nearly 20 years. 

This book is the subject of a long leading article of four columns in 
Times Lit. Suppt., Feb. 13th, 1919. Reviewed Country Life, YQh.Sth., 
Spectator, Feb. 22nd, 1919. 

Mary Arnold-Foster (Mrs. H. O. Arnold- Foster, of Basset 
Down). " Studies in Dreams with a Foreword by Dr. Morton Prince." 
London, George Allen & Unwin [1920]. 8vo. pp. 188. 

De -Oandole, Alec. " The Faith of a Subaltern : Essays on Religion 
and Life. By Alec de Candole, Lieutenant in the Wiltshire Regiment, 
killed in action September, 1918. With a preface by the Very Rev. the 
Dean of Bristol." 1919. 

Cr. 8vo., pp. xii -f 92, with a portrait. 2s. 6(i. net. The author was 
at Marlborough College. 

Iiady Clifford (Mrs. Henry de la Pasture). " Our Days 

on the Gold Coast, in Ashanti, in the Northern Territories, and the 
British Sphere of Occupation in Togoland. Edited by Lady Clifford, 
C.B.E. Originally produced in aid of the Red Cross, 1918. London : 
John Murray, 1919." Boards, Sin. X 5^in. pp.314. 38 illusts. 

Maurice Hewlett. "The English Besiod." Article on Tussers 
"Five Hundred points of good Husbandry." Cornhill Mag., Dec, 
1919. pp. 121-128. 

" The Outlaw." Constable. 6s. net. Reviewed Tinies 

Litt. Suppt., Nov. 13th, 1919. 



Books, Pamphlets, and Articles ly Wiltshire Authors. 325 

Maurice Hewlett. " Flowers in the Grass." Constable. 1920. 

5s. net. A collection of poems, of which several, " Lenches " 

(Lynchetts) ; " The Spire" (Salisbury); and " Chesilbury " are local. 

Reviewed Times Litt. Suppt., April 15th, 1920. 
• "The Light Heart." Chapman & Hall. 1920. 6s.net. 

(The Saga of Thormod). Reviewed Times Litt. Suppt., April 22nd, 

1920. 

— " In a Green Shade." (A Country Commentary.) Bell. 

1920. 6s. net. 

— " Clare's Derivations." Cornhill Mag. March, 1921. 

pp. 274—281. 

Sir Henry Newbolt (of Netherhampton). " Submarine and Anti- 
submarine." With a coloured frontispiece and 20 full page illustra- 
tions by Norman Wilkinson, E.I. London: Longmans, 1918. Cr, 
8vo. 7s. Qd. net. 

— " Poems, New and Old." Complete edition of poems 

published, 1897 to 1919. 1919. 7s. 6o?. net. 

" A Naval History of the War, 1914—1918." Hodder & 

Stoughton [1920]. 15s. net. Noticed Times, Nov, 6th, 1920. 

— "A New Study of English Poetry." 10s. Qd. net. 

Jolm AysCOUgh. (Monsignor Bickerstaffe Drew, Winterbourne 
Gunner). " Abbotscourt." Chatto & Windus, 1919. 7s. net. A 
Novel. Noticed Times Lit. Suppt., Nov- 6th, 1919. 

■ " First Impressions in America." John Long. 1919. 

(Illustrated account of a lecturing tour). 

"The Foundress." John Long. 1919. A Novel. 

— " A Prince in Petto." Chatto & Windus. 1919. 7s. net. 

Reviewed Guardian, May 8th, 1919. 

" Gracechurch." Longmans & Co. 1919. Cr. 8vo. 4th 

impression. 

A, Gr. Bradley. " A Book of the Severn." Methuen, 1920. 9in. X 
5fin. pp. vii. + 351. Long review in Times Lit. Suppt., April 1st, 
1920. 15s. net. 

— " Essays and Studies by Members of the English Associa- 
tion." Vol. VI. Collected by A. G. Bradley. Clarendon Press. 6s. Qd.. 
net. 

Rev. J. P. Wiles (Baptist Minister, Devizes). "Instruction in 
Christianity," by John Calvin. An abbreviated edition of "The 
Institutes of the Christian Religion." Newly translated from the 
. Latin into simple modern English by Joseph Pitts Wiles, M.A., some- 
time Foundation Scholar of Trinity College, Cambridge." Price: 
paper covers, 3s. Qd. ; cloth covers, 4s. 6d. Dolby Brothers, Stamford.. 
[1920.] 

— Sermon at Metropolitan Tabernacle, Nov; 2nd, 1919. 

Printed in full in Wilts Advertiser, Nov. 27th, 1919. 



326 Books, Pamphlets, and Articles hy Wiltshire Authors, 

T. Robinson (North Street, Wilton). " A Book of Poems containing 
The Battle of Mons, Grand Charge of the 9th Lancers, The Village 
Motor Trap," &c , &c. Pamphlet, 6|in. X 3|in. N.D. 11919. Price 
6c?. ' 

Rev. H. G. Woodford (Trowbridge). "Bread, Beauty, and 
Brotherhood." National Labour Press, 1920. Noticed Wiltshire Times, 
Nov. 13th, 1820. 

W. Maurice Adams. " Notes on the History of Pirbright." Series 
of 26 instalments in Parish Mag. 1 1920. 

Very Rev. William Page Roberts, D.D., Dean of 

Salisbury. Sermon preached in Cathedral, Sunday, Nov. l*7th, 
1918 (after the signing of the Armistice). Text, Ps. xx., 8, 9. Printed 
in Salisbury Dio. Gazette, Jan., 1919. pp. 2—4. 

Rev. J. p. Kingsland (formerly Pastor of Congregational Chapel, 
Devizes). " Visions of God and other Sermons, by John P. Kingsland, 
author of " The Man called Jesus," and " Man and his Environment." 
Skeffington & Co., Ltd., 34, Southampton Street, W.C. 2. 5s. net. 
Noticed Wiltshire Gazette, Nov. 2Uth, 1919. 

Rev. J, W. S. Tomlin. Principal of St. Boniface College, War- 
minster. " Work of Laymen in the Mission Field." St. Boniface 
College^ at Home and Abroad. Lent Term, 1920. pp. 2, 3, 

Canon C. T. Dimont (of Salisbury). Sermon preached at Salisbury 
Cathedral, Oct. 5th, on the Railway Strike, printed in full in Salisbury 
Journal, Oct. 11th, 1919. Text, Jer. ix., 4 & 5. 

Prances E. Baker (of Salisbury). " Pastilles and their Colour 
Measurement," by H. E. Donnithorne and F. E. Baker. Paper in 
Archives of Radiology and Electrotherapy, No. 246. January, 1921. 
pp. 239— 246. ' •' * 

Canon Dougrl^S Macleane. " Oliver Cromwell's Wild Oats." 
Nineteenth Centm-y, Oct. 1919. pp. 688—696. 

" Literary Form—Is it now possible ? " Nineteenth Cen- 
tury, May 1920. pp. 826—836. 

Mrs. Herbert Richardson (Wilton). *' The Fashion Plates of 
Horace Vernet." The Connoisseur, Feb. 1921. pp. 97 — 102, 8 illusts. 

H. Brakespear, F.S. A. " On the Dorter Range at Worcester Priory." 
Read 17th Feb., 1916. ArchoBologia^ Ixvii. pp. 189—204. 8 photo 
illustrations, 1 folding plate of sections, 1 folding coloured plan. 



Books, Pamphlets, and Articles hy Wiltshire Authors. 327' 
Ht Rev. Bishop Geo. Forrest Browne, D.D., D C L , 

Ii.Ii.D., F.S. A. " On Portions of a Temporale." Read 3rd May, 
1917. ArchcEologia, Ixviii. pp. 127—160. 8 plates of MS., and 2 
plates of cuts. 

___ " King Alfred's Books." With a map. 1920. lOin. X 

6iin. pp. 422. Cloth boards. 3Js. net. 

mirs. M. E. Cunnington. " Note on a Stone Mould from South ' 
Wales." i/a/^,. May, 1920, pp. 67, 68, with 2 illusts. The curious 
mould described, from Worms Head, is to find a home in Swansea 
Museum. 

Anstruther Mack ay (s.of Col. James Mackay, of Seend and Trow- 
bridge). Art. on " Zionist Aspirations in Palestine," in Atlantic 
Monthly, Nov. (?), 1920. 

John Watson Taylor. "The Value of Old Records. A Plea for 
their Preservation." A paper read at the Congress of Archaeological 
Societies, Nov. 1920. Printed in full in Wiltshire Gazette, Dec. 9th, 

hl920. 
arquess of Iians downs, K.G. "A Canadian River. Black. 
I wood's Mag., Nov., 1920. pp. 610—627. 

Marquis of Ailesbury, D.SO. "The Soldier and the Land." 
Article in The Nineteenth Century, May, 1919. pp. 889—893. 






P. Hurst (Great Bedwyn). "Ilfracombe Mosses and Hepatics." 
Journal of Botany, Vol. 57. April, 1919. pp. 94—97 ; May, 1919. pp. 
119—124. 



Emma Marie Caillard. " Spiritual Healing and Mental Thera- 
peutics." Leading article of two columns in The Guardian, Jan. 15th, 
1920. 

" Man in the Light of Modern Psychology." Hibhert 

Journal, July, 1920. Vol. xviii.. No. 4. 

r. Cr. W. Henslow. " Verses to the Fallen ; Inscriptions for Ceno- 
taphs." The Success Publishing Co., Ltd., Plough Court, Fetter Lane, 
E.C. [1919]. Booklet. Price Is. 

" Poems to Children." The Chancery Lane Printing 

Works, London, 1920. Paper covers, cr. 8vo., pp. 1 -j- 48 + 3. Price 
Is. Qd. nett. 

— - " Spring Songs." Electrical Press, Ltd., 13—16, Fisher 

Street, pp. 54. Price Is. 6c?. Over 60 short poems. Every other 
page is an illustration. Noticed Wilts Gazette, April 8th, 1920. 

- " Humorous Epitaphs." Bridge & Co., 92, Chancery 

Lane. 120 epitaphs. Price Is. Noticed Wilts Gazette, April 8th, 
1920. 



328 Books, Pamphlets, and Articles hy Wiltshire Authors. 

T, G. W. HenslOW. "Poems of Expression." Illustrated by Miss 
D. Hartley, Chancery Lane Printing Works, Ltd., Plough Court, Fetter 
Lane, E.G. 1920. Price Is. Qd. 

" Poems to Women." Bridge & Co., 92, Chancery Lane, 

W.C. 1920. Price Is. 6c?. 

___ "Toasts." Electrical Press, Ltd., Fisher Street. 1920. 

Price Is. 

CliVe Bell (Seend). Preface to the Catalogue of the Exhibition of 
the Works of Picasso at the Leicester Galleries, 1921. 

J. Lee Osborn. " How it is done. A Patriotic Play. Heath Bros., 
Calne. 1919." Pamphlet, small 8vo, pp. 22. Price Is. 

- — " Caleb's Conversion." A play. 

Brlg.-GreD, F. Gr. Stone, G.M.Gr. " The old unchanged German." 
Article in Nineteenth Century, August, 1919, pp. 202 — 209 (on the 
condition of things at Cologne during the British Occupation). 

, ..^ " Man Power lin the next War." Nineteenth Century 

April, 1920, pp. 638—650. 

"Aeroplanes." Nineteenth Century, July, 1920, pp. 144 

— 154. 

"The Nation in Arms in the Great War." Nineteenth 

Century, Oct., 1920, pp. 679—698. 

Rev. A. H. T. Clarke (Rector of Devizes). "A Tariff for Sins." 
Letter in The Guardian, Nov. 27th, 1919. 

— ^ — "The Church of the Future, Retrospective and Recon- 
structive." Nineteenth Century, Jan., 1920, pp. 133 — 149. 

"The Church of the Future." Ibid, January, 1921. pp. 

121—134. 

Ven. E. J. Bodington (Archdeacon of Wilts). " Reconstruction 
in the Church." Visitation Charge delivered at Devizes and Marl- 
borough. Printed in full in Wiltshire Gazette, May 29th, 1919. Two 
cols. 

" Sermon preached at Melksham, on Sunday after the 

funeral of Canon E. jGr. Wyld. Printed in full in Wiltshire Gazette, 
Jan. 8th, 1920. 

" The Church's Opportunity. Some of the reforms most 

needed." Charge delivered at visitations at Marlborough and Devizes. 
Printed in full in Wiltshire Gazette, April 28th, 1920. 

Address at May Day United Service, Calne. Wiltshire 

Tmes, May 7th, 1921. 

" Philip and Pay Inchfawn " (of Bradf ord-on-Avon). " Father 
Neptune's Treasure." " Father Neptune's Diamond." S. W. Partridge 
&L Co., Ltd., 46, Grosvenor Gardens, S.W. Price 3s. 6c?. each. Noticed 
Wiltshire Gazette, K^iW Qth, \mO. Children's books. 

- " The Golliwog News." Child's book. 



Additions to Museum and Library, 329 

'* Fay Inchfawn" (Mrs. Atkinson Ward, Bradford-on-Avon). 
" The Verse Book of a Homely Woman." Religious Tract Soc. 1920. 
In two parts, "Indoors" and "Out of Doors," Forty-four poems. 
3s. Noticed, Wiltshire Gazette, Dec. 30th, 1920. 

Lady Glen cornier. " The Earthen Vessel. A volume dealing with 
Spirit Communications received in the form of Book Tests by Pamela 
Glenconner, Lane. 1921." 6s.net, Communications in books from 
Edward WyndhamTennant through Mrs. Leonard speaking as " Feda," 
her " control." Long review, Spectator, March 5th, 1921, pp. 300, 301. 

Van. H. W. Carpenter, Archdeacon of Sarum. Visitation Charge. 
Printed in full. Salisbury Journal, May 24th, 1919. 

Margaret Xeith Dowding. "Pictures in the Fire, and other 
Soldier Ballads." Printed by J. C. Bryson, East Finchley, 1919. 
Pamphlet, 8vo., pp. 12. 10 poems. 



H 



ADDITIONS TO MUSEUM AND LIBRARY. 
Museum 

Presented by Mr. J. E. Watts ; Old pewter mustard and pepper pots. 
„ „ Miss Hampton (Devizes) : Copper plate for printing turn- 

pike toll tickets, Devizes. 
„ „ Rev. H. G. O. Kendall : Fine triangular flint arrowhead, 

Avebury Down. 
„ „ Mr. O. G. S. Crawford : Fragments of tiles from mound 

on border of Oaksey parish near Flistridge Hill. 
„ J, Mrs. Willimot : Pair of fine brass (gilded?) spurs, said 

to have been found near Netherstreet about sixty years 
ago. They belonged to Mrs. Starky, of Battle House. 
Bromham. Of the Civil War period ? 
Bequeathed by the late Mr. S. B. Dixon, of Pewsey : A collection of fine 
examples of Palaeolithic flints from Knowle Farm Pit ; 
two extremely fine Neolithic celts, and other interesting 
stone implements from the Pewsey neighbourhood. To 
these were added by Mr, Dixon's representatives a case 
to contain the flints. 



Library. 

Presented by Mr. F. H. Goldney : " The Tragi-Comedy of Reform " 
(Devizes). Wiltshire Pamphlet. Various illustrations. 

VOL. XLL — NO, CXXXIV. Z 



^'^0 , Additions to Museum and Library. 

Presented by The Author, Rev. A. T. Richaedson : " The'Parish Church 

Bradford-on-Avon, with a short account of the Saxon 

Church." 1920. 
„ Rev. E. Rhys Jones : " A Guide to the Architecture of 

Amesbury Church, by Llewellyn Williams." [1920]. 

"Amesbury, its Abbey, its Church, and its Saint," by 

E.J. Windley, 1917. 
„ „ Rev. E. H. Goddard : "The Evolution of Culture, and 

other Essays, by the late Lt.-Gen. Pitt Rivers." 1906. 
„ „ Mr. W. G. Collins : Note Book containing MS. Notes and 

many drawings of Roman Pottery, and Worked Flints 

from Westwood. 
„ „ Mr. J. Watson Taylor : " A Catalogue of All Cannings 

Deeds in the possession of the Society." 
„ Lady Hope : Old Wilts Prints. 
„ ,. Lord Fitzmaurice : "The Maps of Hertfordshire and 

Appendix, by Sir G. Fordham." 
„ „ Mr. a. D. Passmore : " A New Chelonian (Tholemys 

passmorei) from the Kimmeridge Clay of Swindon. By 

C. W. Andrews. F.R.S." (Annals and Mag. of Nat. Hist., 

Feb., 1921). Photo of Sarsen Stone called " The Templar^s 

Bath," at Temple. 
„ „ The Author, Frances E. Baker (of Salisbury) : "Pastilles 

and their Colour Measurement." Archives of Radiology y 

Jan., 192L 
„ „ The Author, A. Schomberg : '• A Roll of Arms, 1788," and 

" Family of Paradise." Reprints from The Genealogist, 

1920. 
„ Mr. J. J. Slade : " Poems to Children," by T. G. W. Hens- 
low, 2s. 21 Wilts Estates Sale Particulars. 
„ „ The Representatives of the late Mr. S. B. Dixon : A 

number of Books, Maps, and Pamphlets on Geology, &c. 

An oil painting of Stonehenge. 
„ „ Mr. E. H. Stone : " The purpose, age, and builders of 

Stonehenge," by E. S. Maskelyne. 
„ „ The Author, Mr. W. Maurice Adams: "Peeps into the 

Past. Supplementary Notes on Savernake in the Vale." 

" Notes on the History of Pirbright." 
„ „ Rev. H. E. Ketchley : 6 photographs of Biddestone. 

„ „ The Publishers : " A Complete Guide to Wiltshire. By 

L. D'O. Walters. Sach & Co., 155, Victoria Street, S.W." 
1921. 
„ „ The Author, Canon Fletcher ; " The Boy Bishop at 

Salisbury and elsewhere." 1921. 
„ „ The Author, Heywood Sumner, F.S.A. : " A descriptive 

account of Roman Pottery Sites at Sloden and Black 
Heath Meadow, Jinwood, New Forest." 1921. 



331 



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C. H. Woodward, Printer and Publisher, Exchangfe Buildings, Station Road, Devizes. 



THE SOCIETY'S PUBLICATIONS {Continued). 

STONEHENGE AND ITS BAKKOWS, by W. Long, Nos. 46-47 of the 
Magazine in separate wrapper, 7s. 6d. This still remains the best and most 
reliable account of Sfconehenge and its Earthworks, 

WILTSHIRE -The TOPOGRAPHICAL COLLECTIONS OF JOHN 
AUBREY, F,R.S., A.D. 1659-1670. Corrected and enlarged by the Rev. 
Canon J. E. Jackson, M.A., F.S.A. 4to, Cloth, pp. 491, with 46 plates. 
Price £2 10s. 

WILTSHIRE INQUISITIONES POST MORTEM. CHARLES I. 8vo, 
pp. vii. + 501. 1901. With full index. In 8 parts, as issued. Price 13s. 

DITTO. IN THE REIGNS OF HEN. IIL, ED. L, and ED. II. 8vo, 
pp. XV , 505. In parts as issued. Price 13s. 

DITTO. FROM THE REIGN OF ED. III. 8vo., pp. 402. In six 
parts as issued. Price 13s. 

A BIBLIOGRAPHY of the GREAT STONE MONUMENTS of 
WILTSHIRE, STONEHENGE and AVEBURY, with other references, 
by W. Jerome Harrison, F.G.S., pp. 169, with 4 illustrations. No. 89, Dec, 
1901 of the Magazine. Price 5s. 6d. Contains particulars as to 947 books, 
papers, &c., by 732 authors, 

THE TROPENELL CARTULARY. An important work in 2 vols., 8vo, 
pp. 927, containing a great number of deeds connected with property in many 
Wiltshire Parishes of the 14th and 15th centuries. Only 150 copies were 
printed, of which a few are left. Price to members, £1 10s., and to non- 
members, £2. 



F. J. BROWN, 51, Kent Rd., Swindon, 

SET OF WILTS ARCH. MAGS., complete to 1916, ^9 10s. Ditto, 
to 1909, £5 10s. Ditto, almost complete, to 1908, £5. Vol. I., 20s. 
Stukeley's Abury, £2 2s. Pitt Rivers' Excavations, four large vols, £5. 
Ditto, Vols. 3, 4, 27s. Qd. each. Hoare's Ancient Wilts, Vol. 1 (South 
Wilts), large paper, rare, £5. Goldney's Chippenham Records, 15s. 
Marsh's Hist, of Calne, 8s. Nightingale, Church Plate of Wilts, 12s. Qd. 
Aubrey & Jackson, Wilts Collections, 32s. Kite's Brasses, 18s. Britton's 
Beauties of Wilts, three vols., 25s. Contemporary Biographies of Wilts 
and Dorset, Opening of XX. Century, fine copy, 25s. Somerset Arch. 
Soc, nine numbers, 10s. Many other Wilts Books and Prints. Enquiries 
solicited. 



BOOKBINDING. 

Books carefully Bound to pattern. 

Wilts Archaeological Magazine bound to match previous volumes. 
We have several back numbers to make up sets. 

C. H. WOODWARD, Printer and Publisher, 

Exchange Buildings, Station Road, Devizes. 



THE 

North Wilts Museum and 
LIBRARY AT DEVIZES. 



Ill answer to the appeal made in 1905 animal subscriptions 
varying f roiri £2 -to 5.s'. to tlie amount of about £30 a year for tin's 
purpose have been, given since then by about sixty Members of 
the Society and. the fund thus set on foot has enabled the 
Committee to add much to the efficiency of the Library and 
Museum. , . 

■It is very desirable that this fund should be raised to at least 
'£50 a year, in order that the General Fund of the Society may 
be released to a large extent from the cost of the Museum, and 
set'free for the other purposes of tlie Society, 

Subscriptions of 5s. a year, or upwards, are asked for, and 
should be sent either to Mr. D. Owen, Bank Chambers, Devizes, 
or Eev. E. H. Goddard, Clyffe Yicarage, Swindon, 

The Committee appeal to Members of the Society and otliers 
to secuie any 

Objects of Antiquity, 

AND 

Specimens of unusual Birds, 
Butterflies, or Moths, 

found in the County of Wilts and to forward them to the 
Hon. Curator, Mr. B. H. Cunnington, Devizes; 

Whilst Old Deeds, Modern Pamphlets, Articles, 

Portraits, Illustrations from recent Magazines 

or Papers bearing in any way on the County, 

and Sale Particulars of Wiltshire Properties, 

will be most gratefully received for the Library by the Eev. 
E. H. Goddard, Clyf!e Vicarage, Swindon, Hon.. Librarian. 

The Society has in recent years received several large consign- 
ments of old deeds and papers, no longer of legal value, from 
Solicitor^ who were clearing out the accumulations of years in 
their offices. The Committee asks all Wiltshire Solicitors in like 
circumstances to give the Society the opportunity of acquiring all 
deeds no longer needed rather than to sell, them elsewhere, or 
destroy them. 

C» H. WOODWARD, MACHlWE PRINTER, DEVIZES- 



\^^ 



No. CXXXV. DECEMBE:E, 1921. Vol. XLI. 



THE 

WILTSHIRE 

Archaeological & Natural History 

MAGAZINE, 

Published under the Direction of the 

SOCIETY FOEMED IN THAT COUNTY, 
A.D. 18 5 3. 



EDITED BY 

REV. E. H. GiODDARD, Clytfe Vicarage, Swindon. 

[The authors of the papers printed in this " Magazine'' are alone responsible for all 
statements made therein.] 




DEVIZES : 

Printed and sold for the Society by C. H. Woodward, 

Exchange Buildings, Station Road. 



Price 5s. 6d. Members, Gratis, 



NOTICE TO MEMBERS. 

TAKE NOTICE that a copious Index for the preceding eiglit 
volumes of the Magazine will be found ab the end of Vols, 
viii., xvi., xxiv., and xxxii. The subsequent Yolumes are 
each indexed separately. 

Members who have not paid their Subscriptions to the Society /or 
the current year are requested to remit the same forthwith to 
the Financial Secretary, Mr. David Owen, Bank Chambers, 
Devizes, to whom also all communications as to the supply 
of Magazines should be addressed. 

The Annual Subscription to the Society is 10/6, with an entrance 
fee of 1 0/6. The Composition for Life Membership is £10 10s. 

The Numbers of this Magazine will be delivered gratis as issued, 
to Members who are not in arrear of their Annual Subscrip- 
tions but in accordance with Byelaw No. 8 " The Financial 
Secretary shall <^ive notice to Members in arrear and the 
Society's publications will not be forwarded to Members whose 
Subscriptions shall remain unpaid after such notice." 

All other communications to be addressed to the Honorary Secre- 
tary : the Eev. E. H. GoDDAiiD, Clyffe Vicarage, Swindon, 

THE SOCIETY'S PUBLICATIONS 

To be obtained of Mr. D. OWEN, Bank Chambers, Devizes. 

THE BUITISH AND ROMAN ANTIQUITIES OF THE NORTH 
WILTSHIRE DOWNS, by the Rev. A. 0. Smith, M.A, One Volume, Atlas 
4to, 248 pp., 17 large Maps, and 110 Woodcuts, Extra Cloth. Price ^2 2s. 
One copy offered to each Member of the Society at £l lis. 6d. 

THE FLOWERING PLANTS OF WILTSHIRE. One Volume, 8vo' 
504 pp., with Map, Cloth. By the Rev. T. A. Preston, M.A. Price to the 
Public, 16s. ; but one copy offered to every Member of the Society at half-price. 

CATALOGUE of the STOURHEAD COLLECTION of ANTIQUITIES 
IN THE SOCIETY'S MUSEUM, with 175 Illustrations. Part I. Price Is. 6d. 

CATALOGUE of ANTIQUITIES in the SOCIETY'S MUSEUM, 
Part 11. 1911. Fully illustrated. Price 2s, 

CATALOGUE of the SOCIETY'S LIBRARY at the MUSEUM. 
Price Is. APPENDIX No. L, II., and IIL, 3d. each. 

CATALOGUE of DRAWINGS, PRINTS, and Maps, in the SOCIETY'S 
LIBRARY at the MUSEUM. Price Is. 6d. 

CATALOGUE of WILTSHIRE TRADE TOKENS in the SOCIETY'S 
COLLECTION. Price 6d. 

BACK NUMBERS of the MAGAZINE. Price to the Public, 5s. 6d. and 
8s. 6d. (except in the case of a few numbers, the price of which is raised). 
Members are allowed a reduction of 25 per cent, from these prices. 



I 



WILTSBIRE 
Archaeological & Natural History 

MAGAZINE. 



No. CXXXV. DECEMBER, 1921. Vol. XLL 



Conrents. page 

The Place-Names of Wiltshire ; By G. B. Grundy, D. Litt. 335 — 353 

East Wiltshire Plant-Galls: By Cecil P. Hurst 354—364 

Stone Implements of Uncommon Type found in Wiltshire : 

By the Rev. E H. Goddard .... 365—377 

The Sixty-Eighth General Meeting op the Wiltshire 
Arch^ological and Natural History Society, held 

at Warminster, Juiy 27tli to 2.9th, 1921 378—388 

Notes on Roman Finds in North Wilts : By A. D. Passmore 389—395 

Wansdykr, its Course through E. and S.E. Wiltshire : 

By Albany F. Major, O.B.E... 396—406 

King's Bowood Park [No. 1]: By The Earl of Kerry... 407—423 

Notes,.... 424 — 435 

Wilts Obituary 435 — 440 

Wiltshire Books, Pamphlets, and Articles 440—448 

Additions to Museum and Library 449—450 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Wiltshire Stone Implements (2 Plates) 365 

Roman bronze balance from St. Margaret's, Marlborough ... 392 

Map : Bowood Park, showing the ten divisions made by the 
Parliamentary Survey in 1653 407 



Devizks : — C. H. Woodward, Exchange Buildings, Station Road. 



THE 



WILTSHIRE MAGAZINE. 



" MULTOEUM MANIBUS GEANDE LEVATUE ONUS." Ovid. 

No. CXXXV. December, 1921. Vol. XLI. 

THE PLAGE-NAMES OF WILTSHIKE. 
By G. B. Grundy, D. Litt. 

The standard work on the place-names of Wiltshire is " The Place-Names 
of Wiltshire, their Origin and History," by Einar Ekbloin (Upsala, 1917). 
The book will be known to many people in the county ; but for the in- 
formation of those who do not know it, 1 may mention that it is in English. 

All that will be attempted in this paper is : — (1) to suggest possible 
emendations of Ekblom's interpretations ; (2) to add various names which 
he has not included in his work, though old forms of them are known. 

The emendations will be put in the alphabetical order followed by 
Ekblom ; the additions will be classified under parishes named in alpha- 
betical order, 

EMENDATIONS. 

Aldbourne (N.E. of Marlborough). E. rejects " eald," "old," as the first 
element of this name, because he thinks it to be an unlikely attribute 
to apply to a brook. Yet it is applied to a " lacu," " slow stream," in 
the charters, and to various other apparently unlikely objects, such a,s 
"ig," island, I fancy Aldbourne is, after all, "the Old Bourne." On 
this Dr. Henry Bradley says : — " No doubt there were streams called 
'Old Burn.' But there is evidence of a pre-English stream named 
Aide ; and in compounds with ' burn ' one may choose either interpre- 
tation." 

Alton Priors (N.W. of Pewsey). The charter B. 390, which E. quotes, 
is not a charter of Alton, Hants, but of this very place. 

Atworth (N.W. of Melksham). E. quotes K. 706 as dating from A.D. 
1001. The forms of words in the survey show that it, at any rate, is 
much later in date than that. The form of the name in that charter is 
Attenwrth. There is an Attendene in another Wilts charter (B. 1216, 
K. 543), spelt Aettan Dene in yet another eb.;trter (B. 782), In at late 
charter, the ME, "At ten Wrthe," descending from an A.S. locative 
" set thsere Wyrthe," " at the Farm," might possibly produce the modern 
OL. XLI, — NO. CXXXIV. 2 A 



\ 



^^^ The Place-Names of Wiltshire. 

name. I fancy that the name Attendene, despite the variant Aettan 
Dene, had the same origin. On this point, however, Dr. Bradley has 
sent me an important note : — " on the ground of accent I disbelieve in 
the common notion the names in At(ten) are of prepositional origin, 
and both Atta and Aetta are authentic names." 

Bedwyn (S.E. of Marlborough). E. derives from the plant-name, " Bed- 
wind," a kind of convolvulus. The charter (B. 225, K. 133,) which he 
quotes shows that it was also the name of the stream on which Bedwyn 
stands. A plant-name by itself would be unusual as a stream-name in 
A.S. You may find Alr-broc, Aesc-burna, etc. ; but I have not so 
far come across a stream-name of A.S. origin which consists of a plant- 
name pure and simple. I can only end with a query. Is Bedewind a 
pre-Saxon name rationalised in A.S. times ? 

Seechingstoke (E.S.E. of Devizes). E. does not quote the earliest form 
of this name, which is in B. 769, K. 390, and appears simply as Stoke. 

Blackland (S.E. of Calne). E. says " The name can hardly denote anything 
but a track covered with dark forests." This is pure fancy. The 
name is used to denote the colour, or, perhaps more frequently, the 
badness of the soil. 

Boscombe (S.E. of Amesbury). Surely E. has gone out of his way in 
taking late forms rather than early as a clue to this name. He has thus 
to invent a personal name. Bosan-Cumb, " Bosa's Combe," seems to 
be the natural derivation. 

Brigmerston (N. of Amesbury). E. is undoubtedly right ; but he does 
not mention the interesting fact that Brismar is mentioned in D.B. as 
as holding land here T.R.E. (See notes on Brixton Deverell.) 

Brixton Deverell (S. of Warminster). Brictric is given in D.B. as a 
landholder here T.R.E. This, and the case at Brigmerston above, are two 
examples of aphenomemon which I have only come across in Wiltshire, {; 
though examples might, no doubt, be found in other counties, where a | 
place gets its name from an owner of a date contemporary with the * ■ 
extant evidence as to the form of the name. There are other examples 
in Wiltshire, e.g., Aldred was landholder in Alderstone, in Whiteparish, 
T.R.E. It suggests that " tuns " might change name with change of 
owner, just as in modern times such changes of name occur with regard 
to farms, so that the Brown's Farm of one age may be the Robinson's 
Farm of the next. 

It conveys a moral which I have not seen inculcated in books on 
place-names, viz., that we cannot be sure in the case of A.S. personal 
names attached to a locality, especially to any form of property, that 
that name was attached to the locality from the time of its foundation. 
The " booking," or chartering, of lands, and, too, such a survey as 
Domesday, would give such names a permanence such as they can 
hardly have possessed in ages in which they seldom appeared in writing. 

Brokenborough (N.W. of Malmesbury). The Beorh in this name is 



By 0. B. Grundy, D, Litt. 337 

almost certainly a barrow, not a hill, judging from the almost invariable 
use of Beorh in the charters. Tomb robbing is not a pastime of recent 
invention. 

Burbage (S.E. of Marlborough). I do not think that the second element 
has anything to do with Bece, " beech-tree." I suggest Burh-Baec, 
"the intermittent stream by the camp." The forms agree with this ; 
for Baec developed into Bache, and later into Bec. The meaning 
given above is drawn from the Hampshire charters, where the word is 
frequently used of such streams ; and, as a fact, the actual Burh-Baec 
is mentioned in the charter B. 1067, K. 736, where the boundary is 
described as going "along Bukgh Beces." The camp has vanished, I 
believe. But this would be a peculiarly natural place for one, as it is 
at the meeting-place of several old ridgeways.^ 

Buttermere (S.E. of Marlborough). The second element is probably not 
Maere, "boundary," but Mere, " pond." The district of Hants E. of 
this is covered with charters containing frequent references to Meres, 
Tanmere, Throcmere, etc. They are the rainwater (mistakenly 
called dew) ponds so common on this upland. 

Castle Eaton (N.E. of Cricklade). Of course Ea refers to the Thames. 
But in the charters it is not used as E. supposes, in the general sense 
of " water," but always of a stream the size of a river. 

Chapmanslade (S.W. of Westbury). Of course E. is right. But it is 
interesting to note that a later form, Chapmannesweie, is found. 

Chilmark (E. of Hindon). E. has not got hold of the earliest mention of 
the name, which is K.641 . In that charter the brook which runs through 
the parish is called Cigel-Mearo Broc. I cannot interpret the 
name ; but it has certainly nothing to do with Cilda, " children's." It 
is probable that Cigel is a Pre-Saxon name. 

Chitterne (E.N.E. of Heytesbury). In reference E. recites the Saxon term 
Aern as meaning " house," " dwelling, " place." There are various 
other A.S. terms which had those meanings ; and from a study of the 
A.S. Lexicons one would be led to believe that there were many 
synonymous terms in the language. I have not found any in the 
charters, except in one or two instances in which there seems to have 
been a borrowing from the Latin, and an Anglicised Latin term has 
come into use side by side with an A.S. term having practically the 
same meaning. Dr. Bradley thinks that the first element of the name 
Chitterne may be British. 

My impression is that Aern meant a building either as a store or a 
a place where something was deposited or shut up, and sometimes 
perhaps as a building for manufacturing purposes. (7//Sealt-aern, a 



^ See article on the Ancient Highways of Wilts, &c., in " The Evidence of 
Saxon Land Charters on the Ancient Road-system of Britain." Arch. 
Journal, Ixxiv., pp. 79 — 105. [For another view as to the derivation of 
Burbage see Wilts. Arch. Mag., xli., 299, June 1921.— Ed. H. Goddard. 

2 A 2 



338 The Place-Names of Wiltshire, 

salt house, or possibly factory ; Ber-aern, a barn, where barley was 
stored ; Eorth-aern a grave, where a body is deposited. 

Colerne (W. of Corsham). E. says Culan aern, " Cula's House." See 
notes under Chitterne. I suggest Col- aern, "a building where 
charcoal was stored or made." 

Dauntsey (S.E. of Malmesbury). E.'s interpretation of the name is correct ; 
but he has added a most inapposite note to the effect that " ieg " here 
means marshy land, as is always the case with Wilts place-names." As 
a fact Dometes-ig as the survey of the Dauntsey charter (B. 453, K. 363) 
shows, is the actual eyot in the Avon near the village. 

Elcombe (S. of Swindon). E. says Ellan-cumb, " Ella's Combe," which 
may be right, for Ellandun is but a few miles away. But it is also 
possible that it is Ellen-cumb, " combe of the elder-trees." 

Gore (IST.W. of Tilshead). E. says from Gar, " spear," because the ridges 
of the downs are spear-shaped. This seems fanciful. Surely it is the 
very common Gara, " a triangular piece of ploughland," the word from 
which the modern term " Gore " is derived. 

Grim's Ditch (near Salisbury). E. says from Grim, a Scandinavian 
personal name. But why in the world should this particular personal 
name have been applied to so many dykes in this country ? There 
were in Saxon times two more of them in Wiltshire. Whatever Grim 
is, it must be a " common " term of some kind. My impression is that 
the original A.S. adj. Grim, "fell," "dire," was converted from an 
attribute into a name of the devil, or of a devil. The attribution of 
these pre-Saxon dykes to superhuman agency is well attested in A.S. 
nomenclature, and in modern nomenclature, too, cf. the common 
" Devil's Dyke." 

Harden Huish (N.W. of Chippenham). Pace Ekblom, I am inclined 
to think that Birch's identification of Heregardingc Hiwisc with 
Harden Huish is right, though the elucidation of the survey of the 
charter (B. 439, K. 270) presents difficulties. If that is so, the name 
means " lands of the Heregeards." 

Imber (E.S.E. of Westbury). E. is quite right. But he might have 
quoted Ymman Denu of the Edington charter (B, 1215), which is the 
name of the valley in which Imber lies. 

Knighton (near Broad Chalke). E. might have quoted the Cnihta Land 
of the Chalke charter (B. 917, K. 436). 

Lake (S.W, of Amesbury). Why does not E. give A.S. Lacu, a term 
implying a slow-flowing stream ? In the charters the term is applied 
on many occasions to the backwaters of the Avon and the Wylye. 

Iiiddington (S.E. of Swindon). E. is quite pardonably wrong. The 
place was named from the stream which flows through it. The name 
occurs as Lyden or Liden in the Liddington charter (K, 386). It 
appears to be pre-Saxon, But it got rationalised in A.S. times into 



By G, B. Grundy, D. Litt, 339 

Hlyda(n), for Hlydan Aewielmas, " Liden springs," occurs in the 
Wanborough charter (B. 479, K. 1053). 

Midgehall (near Wootton Bassett). E. supposes Meggan Healh. But 
why not Mycg Healh, " Midge hollow " 1 

Care (near Pewsey). E. interprets Ora as meaning " border," " edge." 
Ora in the charters means " bank " or " hill slope." 

OgboTirne (near Marlborough). E. says Oc(c)an burna. It is, of course, 
the name of the stream on which Ogbourne stands, which E. says is 
now called by a back-formation from the place-name. But may not 
the first element be a variant of the stream-name Ock which is found 
in other parts of England 1 I suppose that Ock is a pre-Saxon name to 
which in A.S. times a second element, Burna, was added. 

Potterne (S S. W. of Devizes) . E suggests Puttan aern, " Putta's house." 
See note on Aern under Chitterne. I suggest Pott aern, " a buil- 
ding where pots are made." 

Quemerford (near Calne)